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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
DEVICE AT TELECOMMUNICATION SYSTEMS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1996/007278
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
In for instance a radio based access network type DECT are powerful and simply built up network components, for instance repeaters, an integral part. The device is arranged to make possible a signalling which makes digital decoding and adding special capacity to the system unnecessary.

Inventors:
Wickman
Johan, Olanders
Peter
Application Number:
PCT/SE1995/000845
Publication Date:
March 07, 1996
Filing Date:
July 11, 1995
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
TELIA AB WICKMAN
Johan, Olanders
Peter
International Classes:
H04B7/26; H04J4/00; (IPC1-7): H04Q7/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO1994014250A11994-06-23
WO1993021719A11993-10-28
WO1992010889A11992-06-25
Foreign References:
SE500620C21994-07-25
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Claims:
PATENT CLAIMS
1. Device at telecommunication systems, for instance a radio based access network, in which powerful and simply built up network components, for instance repeaters, are a part, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that it is arranged to between the components effectuate a signalling which makes digital decoding and adding special capacity to the system unnecessary. 0.
2. Device according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the radio based system consists of the DECTsystem which operates with in itself known DECTsignalling, and that the first s mentioned signalling is superimposed on the DECT signalling.
3. Device according to claim 1 or 2, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the system operates o with services where there is a need to send short messages within the DECTsystem or equivalent without need for allocating a special time slot for this and without need for allocating extra frequency space, that respective short message consists of a short string of 5 characters intended for, for instance, identification of base stations, repeaters or other radio based network elements or network components, or special messages of broadcast type, that part of the equipment which receive these messages are simply built up and are intended not 0 to include any digital signal processing of the contents of individual time slots, at which can be referred to as typical examples repeaters.
4. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that a pattern consisting of TDMA/TDD/MCsignalling is usable for superimposed signalling.
5. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the contents of a time slot consists of speech or data or that the slot is lacking usable information, which entails that the capacity of the system does not decline, no changes need to be done witin the time slots etc.
6. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that it uses half slots, which makes it possible to separate different messages from each other, or make it usable for extending the word length in the message.
7. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the superimposed singalling is possible to execute by using whole and half time slots, or rather empty, full or half time slot.
8. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that more than one transmitter is arranged per part with the aim to increase the number of possible messages and/or the word length in these, which transmitters are transmitting on different frequencies when they are transmitting at the same time.
9. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that, via conventional DECTstructure many independent comparatively long messages are possible to transfer without the capacity being defected or the need for use of analysis of the contents in any time slot exists.
10. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the mobile units/the portables select which base station, carrier frequency and time slot to be used when it is a matter of duplex communication, in addition to which the stationary part/the base station shall approve of the portable's channel choice.
11. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that at simplex communication the base station both selects and approves of the channel.
12. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that each base station or stationary part allocates time slots, which in its turn brings about that the first mentioned signalling in principle is usable by a base station with present standard.
13. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that, at systems where respective transmitter/transceiver has ability to listen in to only one channel per time slot, as for instance is the case with DECT, detecting of superimposed signalling is made possible by a message being repeated during as many consecutive time frames as the number of carriers demanded for creating the message, that the receiver listens in to one and the same carrier during a time frame, that at next frame next carrier is being listened in to, and repetition of the mentioned procedure takes place until all carriers have been listened in to.
14. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that a message must be sent continuously during a certain number of frames, for instance 10 frames, applies to DECT, i.e. 100 ms, that the receiving transceiver listens in to the carrier cyclically.
15. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that, at systems, for 0 instance DECT, where the transmitter of the message knows which listening cycle the receiver uses the whole message need not be repeated during each frame, it is consequently sufficient to send that part of the message which is created on the carrier which is listened in to 5 at present, which results in a decreased amount of signalling.
16. Device according to any of the previous claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that system signalling to o respective from repeaters in TDMA/TDD/MCsystem is possible without other communication being negatively influenced to mentioned degree.
17. Device according to any of the previous claims, 5 c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the system operates with a number of time slots and a number of carriers in respective time slot and that at the superimposed signalling time slots and carriers can be pointed out and that the time slots and carriers pointed out are possible to be read off, at which no decoding is needed in respective time slot.
Description:
Device at telecommunication systems.

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention is intended to be used at telecommunication systems, for instance radio based access networks in which powerful and simply constructed network components, preferably repeaters, are included.

STATE OF TECHNOLOGY

The present invention shows how signalling can be superimposed on existent DECT-signalling. The invention can also be used on other systems with similar access method as DECT.

DECT uses TDMA/TDDD/MC, i.e. Time Division Multiple Access/Time Division Duplex/MultiCarrier, which is schematically shown in figure 1, which illustrates the division and use in time and frequency in DECT. Along the x-axis is shown a frame consisting of 12+12 time slots for down and uplink respectively, and along the y- axis is shown the 10 carrier channels, i.e. the division in frequency. In DECT these slots may be utilized very freely; because DECT is intended to be selfplanning etc there are no real obstructions for using all the slots in a frame for for instance a down link.

TDD in classification in up and down link on the "same" carrier and MC in the using of more than one carrier.

The TDMA-structure can be said to be in the division in time slots for up and down link.

DESCRIPTION OT THE INVENTION

TECHNICAL PROBLEM

The technical problem consists of the fact that there for some services are needs for sending short messages within a DECT-system without needing to allocate a special time slot for this and whit out the need to allocate more frequency space.

with a DECT-system is in this connection referred to Fixed Parts (FP; an FP can consist of a CFP, Central Fixed Part and one or more RFP. RFP and or FP can be described as "base stations" in DECT), Repeaters (sometimes called FR; Fixed Repeaters) and Portable Parts (PP). with short messages is referred to a short string of characters intended for for instance identification (of base stations repeaters or other radio based network elements) etc, or special messages of for instance broadcast type. Some of the equipment which can receive or transmit these messages shall be simple, and is not intended to contain any digital signal processing of the contents in separate time slots (typical examples of this are repeaters) .

THE SOLUTION

What can in the main be regarded as most significant for the device according to the present invention will be evident from the characterizing parts of the subsequent patent claims.

ADVANTAGES

By the invention can be built up arrangements with powerful and simple network components, which shall be able to signal without digital decoding. For instance radio based access networks with repeaters using TDMA/TDD/MC are appropriate for implementation of the invention. The amount of information which can be transferred with the invention is very large, which implies that even a more general communication will be possible. By the invention is signalling between network components without mentioned digital decoding or adding separate capacity made possible. The new procedure of sigalling is not previously known. Repeaters can be arranged in a functional and simple way, which gives the mentioned system a very big economic and functional potential. The invention can be used for present systems using mentioned TDMA/TDD/MC. By the invention are solved important problems related to system signalling to respective from repeaters in TDMA/TDD/MC-system without the communication being negatively influenced.

DESRIPTION OF FIGURES

One at present suggested embodiment of a device which presents the significant features of the invention is described in the following at the same time referring to the enclosed drawings, where;

figure 1 schematically shows the time and frequency division in DECT,

figure 2 shows a graphic description of the superimposed signalling,

figure 3 shows superimposed signalling with using whole and half time slots, and

figure 4 shows superimposed signalling with using two transceivers simultaneously.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The pattern representing the TDMA/TDD/MC-signalling can as such be used for superimposed signalling. In the case of DEC this allows for a simple case 10 12 different possibilities (messages which by that become maximally as long) if only up or down links are used, 10 24 if both are used. How this signalling is performed is shown in figure 2.

In each time slot there are 10 different possibilities (carrier channels), within a fram (a frame consists of 12 time slots for uplink, and 12 time slots for downlink) can then be achieved totally 10 12 (if only either uplinks or downlinks is used) or 10 24 (if both uplinks and downlinks are used).

The contents in a time slot can be speech or data, but the contents can of course also be "empty", i.e. the slot is sent, but there are no useful information in the slot itself. With this arrangement the capacity of the system is not lowered at all, no changes within the time slots are needed, etc.

It is possible to increase the signalling possibilities further: a) use "halfslot" (is defined in the DECT-standard) , which gives possibility to separate different messages

from each other (one class of messages only uses halfslots for instance) or can be used to increase the "word length" (or the number possible) in the message. In figure 3 is described how ordinary slots are combined with halfslots. In this case there are consequently three different possibilities in a time and carrier slot (a specific square in the diagram in figure 3); empty, full or half.

For each time slot (a specific column of squares in the diagram) this gives 20 different possibilities. For a frame this consequently gives 20 12 or 20 24 different possibilities (only up and down link, respective both up and down link) .

b) With more than one transceiver per "party" the number of possible messages (and the word length in these) are dramatically increased: with two transceivers per equipment the number of combinations is 90 12 when either up or down link is used, and 90 24 when both up and down links are used.

In a specific time slot (i.e. column in the diagram in figure 4) there are 10 different possibilities for the "first" transceiver, and 9 different possibilities for the second, totally 90 different possibilities per time slot. (The transceivers cannot send on the same frequency at the same time, for the superimposed signal as such this should be no problem, but it is not allowed according to the DECT-standard, and it would also be pointless) .

The combination of a) and b) above is of course possible, and especially interesting in the case when only the base stations in the DECT-system have more than

one transceiver; quite different messages can be sent out simultaneously without influencing each other.

As a conclusion can be established that the present invention gives possibility to via "normal" DECT- structure transfer many independent comparatively long messages without the capacity being influenced or the need for using or analyzing the contents in any time slot.

The DECT-standard is so designed that, for duplex communication, it is the portables that select what base station, carrier frequency and time slot shall be used. However, the base stations shall approve of the portable's channel choice. On other hand, for simplex communication, the base station can both select and approve of channel.

This entails that a base station (Fixed Part) can allocate time slots, which in its turn implies that the here suggested method of signalling in principle can be used by a base station according to present standard. Performance for superimposed signalling probably will increase if the base stations are given possibility to select channel straightly also for duplex communication. It is, however, probable that some kind of changing of the standard is coming, among other things justified by the introduction and standardization of repeaters which must be able be to prove their identity to the base station in question.

Detecting of superimposed signalling is performed acccording to the following:

For systems where each transceiver can only listen in to one channel per time slot (for instance DECT), the

invention comprises the following additions which make possible detecting of superimposed signalling:

A message shall be repeated during as many consecutive frames as the number of carriers which are needed to create the message. The receiver listens in to one and the same carrier during a time frame. At the next frame the next carrier is listened in to. This is repeated until all carriers have been listen in to.

For DECT this implies that a message has to be sent continuously during 10 frames, i.e. 100 ms. Further the receiving transceiver must listen in to the carriers in a cyclic way as above. Cyclic listening is defined in the DECT-standard and is called "primary £ n". The principle is consequently possible to realise within the present DEC-standard.

For system (for instance DECT) where the transmitter of a message knows which cycle of listening the receiver is using, the whole message need not be repeated during each frame. It is sufficent to send that part of the message which is created on the carrier which is listened in to for the moment. In this way the amount of signalling is decreased.

The invention is not confined to the in the example above shown embodiment but may be subject to modifications within the frame of the following patent claims and the invention idea.