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Title:
DEVICE AND METHOD FOR AEROION PURIFICATION OF BUILDING INDOOR CLIMATE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/197859
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention includes a device and a method for purifying the air coming from a building from positive aeroions and for enriching the inflowing air with negative aeroions.

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Inventors:
JÜRIS, Heiki (Kadaka tee 44, Tallinn, 12915, EE)
Application Number:
IB2018/000578
Publication Date:
October 17, 2019
Filing Date:
April 14, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
OÜ JUNDAP HOLDING (Kadaka tee 44, Tallinn, 12915, EE)
International Classes:
F24F3/16; A61L9/22; F24F5/00; F28D20/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2009006908A12009-01-15
WO2009050795A12009-04-23
Foreign References:
EP0777088A11997-06-04
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SARAP, Margus (Sarap and Putk Patent Agency, Kompanii 1C, Tartu, 51004, EE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. Geothermal ion purification device, which contains a housing/shaft (1 ) made up of three parts: upper part, or air intake chamber (2), middle part, or first pressure relief chamber (3) and lower part, or second pressure relief chamber (4), whereas the dimensions of the first pressure relief chamber are larger than the dimensions of the second pressure relief chamber, so that on the transition of the first and second pressure relief chamber a step (40) has been formed onto which has been placed and secured a lid (41 ), separating the second pressure relief chamber (4) from the first pressure relief chamber (3) through which extend the ends of the air inlet pipes, to the lower side of the lid (41 ), which is located in the second pressure relief chamber are attached magnets with negative polarization (42), whereas the dimensions of the upper part of the shaft, or the air intake chamber (2) are larger than the dimensions of the first pressure relief chamber, so that a step (30) has been formed on the transition of the first pressure relief chamber (3) and air intake chamber (2) onto which has been placed and secured a lid (31 ) separating the first pressure relief chamber (3) from the air intake chamber (2) together with the third pressure relief chamber (5) and with the air distribution chamber (7) extending through it to the first pressure relief chamber (3), the air intake chamber (2) is closed on the top with a shaft lid (20).

2. Geothermal ion purification device according to claim 1 , which is characterized by that there are ambient air intake openings (21 ) in the sides of the air intake chamber, located on the perimeter of the upper edge of the air intake chamber that are provided with cleaning filters (22), additionally, there are openings provided in the wall of the air intake chamber 2 for the pipeline for the air coming from the building to the purification system and for the pipeline for the air moving from the system to the building.

3. Geothermal ion purification device according to claim 1 , which is characterized by that the air intake chamber (2) is connected through the ambient air primary heat exchange pipes (32) (pipeline) to the first pressure relief chamber (3), whereas the primary heat exchange pipes (32) begin from the bottom of the air intake chamber and from there on the pipes are directed outwards of the shaft into the natural ground and reach through the wall of the middle part of the shaft to the first pressure relief chamber.

4. Geothermal ion purification device according to claim 1 , which is characterized by that the third pressure relief chamber (5) is attached to the lid (31 ) closing the first pressure relief chamber and that there is extending through the third pressure relief chamber (5) an air distribution chamber (7) with a cylindrical housing, which is connected to the outlet pipe (pipeline) (70) of the air directed from the building to the system, and through the air distribution chamber (7) extends an upward ventilation pipe (8) for removing the positive aeroions from the device.

5. Geothermal ion purification device according to claim 4, which is characterized by that the third pressure relief chamber (5) is connected to an outlet pipe (9) through which the air purified in the device and enriched with negative aeroions is guided to the building, and into the third pressure relief chamber reach the air supply pipes (10) that begin in the second pressure relief chamber.

6. Geothermal ion purification device according to claim 1 , which is characterized by that an ion purification central unit rests on the bottom or lid (41 ) of the first pressure relief chamber (3), which comprises an ion purification device (11 ) made of perforated material and filled with ceramsite or lightweight expanded clay along with a ventilation pipe (8), provided to remove the polluted air from the system, and the lower part of the ion purification device (81 ) is in a cone where a ventilation chamber (82) is formed, which contains the lower, and also cone-shaped, end (80) of the ventilation pipe (8).

7. Geothermal ion purification device according to claim 1 , which is characterized by that the ion purification device (11 ) is partly surrounded by the air distribution chamber (7), so that the air entering the air distribution chamber from the building moves downwards in the air distribution chamber (7) and the positively charged aeroions of the air together with pollution and atmospheric moisture draw towards the positively charged ceramsite, pass through it and head towards the inlet end of the ventilation pipe where these are drawn into the ventilation pipe and taken out of the device along the ventilation pipe.

8. A method for changing the indoor climate of a building and for purifying the air in a geothermal ion purification device according to claims 1-7 using the geothermal energy and negative potential of the earth, which comprises steps in which - the ambient air at a speed of 2-3 m/s is first directed through the air intake openings (21 ) and ambient air cleaning filters (22) into the air intake chamber (2) after which the ambient air at a speed of 3-6 m/s is guided through the ambient air primary heat exchange pipeline (32) to the first pressure relief chamber (3) where - positively charged air ions with polluted air are drawn into the positively charged material of the ion purification device (11 ) from which the air is pulled through and guided through the ventilation pipe (8) out of the system at a speed of 3-7 m/s into the surrounding atmosphere,

- negatively charged air ions together with the air are drawn at a speed of 0.2- 0.5 m/s from the first pressure relief chamber (3) through the heat exchange pipes (6) to the second pressure relief chamber (4), whereas the air is moving in the heat exchange pipes at a speed of 0.5-1.2 m/s, during which the air moving in the heat exchange tubes is heated with the geothermal energy of the earth, - an additional negative charge is supplied to the heated air by the negative- pole magnet mounted to the ceiling of the second pressure relief chamber and the air is driven at a speed of 0.5-3.0 m/s through the activated carbon- filled filter air supply pipes (10) to the third pressure relief chamber (5),

- the air that is purified and enriched with negative ions is driven from the third pressure relief chamber (5) through the discharge manifold (9) at a speed of

3-6 m/s.

Description:
DEVICE AND METHOD FOR AEROION PURIFICATION OF BUILDING INDOOR CLIMATE

TECHNICAL FIELD

The object of present invention is a method and equipment for treating the natural air that is being blown into rooms, in particular a geothermal method for the ion purification of the air with a system for the purification of the natural air from the pollutants, for preheating or for cooling.

BACKGROUND ART

Today, increasingly strict requirements are set for building ventilation systems. Particularly, there is a need for clean and ionized air in cities, because the air outside is no longer of high quality. Air ionizers are used to keep the indoor electro-climate balanced. Conventional air conditioners, ventilation systems and home appliances reduce the amount of negative air ions in the house. The air blowing from the ventilation system to the building is clean, but contains only positive air ions, because the life of negative air ions is very short and negative ions do not reach indoors. To increase the number of negative air ions, air ionizers are used, which produce negative air ions. As an additional effect, negative air ions pick up the dust flowing in the air, which is especially important for people who are suffering from allergy problems. Also, negative air ions destroy the bacteria flying in the air.

The well-known Russian scientist Aleksander Tchizhevsky (1879-1964) studied aeroionic hunger in his laboratories and discovered that the amount of negative aeroions in the air is very important. In his experiments, the scientist enriched the filtered air with negative aeroions using an electrostatic ionizer. During the experiments, the mice felt significantly better when breathing in the air enriched with negative aeroions, with the viability of mice also increasing. When the entry of this air was blocked, the mice soon became lethargic and were barely breathing, however, they started moving, sniffing the air and began to walk around in the test chamber as soon as the ionizer was switched on. The former“lifeless” situation was restored when the ionizer was switched off. Tests have shown that a variety of diseases can be treated by ionizing the air; it has become clear that the so-called aeroionic hunger is a reason for the decrease in the power of resistance of the human body, which means that the air that people breathe in is to a great extent lacking the negative aeroions. For example, in urban apartments, the number of negative aeroions is 50-100 ions/cm3, on city streets it is 100-500 ions/cm3, in the forest and seaside it is 1 ,000- 5,000 ions/cm3, in mountain resorts it is 5000-10000 ions/cm3, after a thunderstorm it is 50,000-100,000 ions/cm3. The amount of negative ions necessary for life is 3,000- 5,000 ions/cm3, with over 20,000 ions/cm3, a therapeutic effect on the human body begins. For the purpose of aeroion treatment, the researcher designed a device that resembled a chandelier - a circular metal mesh with a diameter of about 1 m, hung on insulators and connected to a high voltage source (100kV), with needles soldered on the network intersections, from which negative aeroions dropped as a result of corona discharge.

As a result of this, various electric air ionizers have been developed in prior art to generate negative aeroions. A radioisotope aeroion generator is described in RU545226, 30.10.1980.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

The object of the present invention is to provide such a purifying system for indoor climate and for the air blown into buildings, which uses ion purification of air for cleaning. The ion purification is based on the natural phenomenon in which airborne particles with different charges (aeroions) try to move away from each other, while, for example, positively charged air particles (positive aeroions) tend to move towards positively charged materials, or, a positive particle joins a positive particle. By utilizing this property, it is possible to collect positive air ions and guide these out from the building and its ventilation system, using the method and purification system proposed in the present invention. In this way, the air that is blown into the building, is enriched with negatively charged aeroions, which in turn means that more fresh air is blown into the building. The peculiarity of the system is the use of the negative potential of the earth and the use of geothermal energy of the earth to heat or cool the air blown into the building.

The objects of the invention are achieved by means of a device comprising a vertical shaft fully or partially placed into the ground, in which are formed various pressure relief chambers, pipelines for guiding the ambient air into the device, and for guiding the outlet air from the building into the device, whereas the air leaving the building is dominated by positive aeroions, which are collected by the ventilation duct and guided out of the device, while at the same time the air blown into the building is enriched with negative aeroions. To separate and collect positive aeroions, a ceramsite element that surrounds the ventilation pipe, has been placed in the first pressure relief chamber. The positively charged ceramsite attracts positive airborne aeroions and by the speed of moving air and due to the resulting underpressures, positive aeroions are directed to the ventilation duct and out of the device from there.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS Current invention is described in more detail in following exemplary embodiments with references to annexed figures where

Fig.1 shows the sectional view of the ion purification device according to the invention,

Fig. 2 is the sectional view of the ion purification system along the line D-D on Fig. 1 to illustrate the design of the ambient air intake chamber: Fig. 3 is the sectional view of the ion purification device along the line A-A on Fig. 1 ;

Fig. 4 is the sectional view of the ion purification device along the line B-B on Fig. 1 ;

Fig. 5 is the sectional view of the ion purification device along the line C-C on Fig. 1 ;

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF INVENTION

A geothermal device/system for the ion purification of the indoor air of buildings consists of a housing 1 installed in the ground. In a first embodiment of the invention, part of the housing of the ion purification geothermal device is placed into the ground and part of the housing remains on the ground. Flowever, the entire device can be installed into the ground and the air is fed into the device through the pipes. The housing 1 can be a cast concrete shaft having a base with cylindrical, rectangular (e.g. a square) or polygonal cross-section. Flence, the shaft may be pre-fabricated in the factory and delivered to the installation site as a single structure, which is then partly dug into the ground and partly left on top of the ground.

The structure of the shaft consists of three parts: the upper part above the ground, or the air intake chamber 2, the middle part below the ground level, or the first pressure relief chamber 3, and the lower part, also below the ground level, or the second pressure relief chamber 4. In this case, the dimensions of the first pressure relief chamber (e.g. for a cylindrical housing, the diameter) are larger than the dimensions of the other pressure chamber, so that a step 40 is formed at the transition of the first and second pressure relief chambers, to which is placed and secured a lid 41 , which separates the second pressure relief chamber 4 from the first pressure relief chamber 3, and through which extend the ends of the air supply pipes (see Fig. 1 ). Magnets with a negative polarization 42 are attached to the lower side of the lid 41 located in the second pressure relief chamber.

The dimensions of the upper part of the shaft, or the air intake chamber 2, are larger (this is necessary for the air movement speed to be as low as possible in the air intake chamber as compared to the air movement speed in the rest of the system) than the dimensions of the first pressure relief chamber, so that on the transition of the first pressure relief chamber 3 and the air intake chamber 2 a step 30 is formed onto which a lid 31 is arranged and secured to separate the first pressure relief chamber 3 and the air intake chamber 2 together with the third pressure relief chamber 5 and the air distribution chamber 7 extending through it to the first pressure relief chamber 3. The air intake chamber 2 is closed from the top with a shaft lid 20. If necessary, the air intake chamber 2 is covered with insulation from the outside to provide a more even temperature in the air intake chamber 2 if the outside temperature drops, for example, below 0 °C degrees. There are air intake openings 21 provided in the sides of the air intake chamber, located, for example, on the perimeter of the upper edge of the air intake chamber. The air intake openings 21 are provided with cleaning filters 22. Cleaning filters 22 are intended for the primary cleaning of the ambient air; filters remove larger dust particles, insects, debris raised by the wind, as well as larger fungal spores and the like from the incoming ambient air. The so-called rough cleaning of the incoming air takes place in the filters. There are also openings in the wall of the air intake chamber 2 for the pipeline for the air from the building to the purification system and for the pipeline for the air from the system to the building.

The air intake chamber 2 is connected to the first pressure relief chamber 3 through the primary ambient air heat exchange pipes 32 (pipeline). The primary heat exchange pipes 32 start from the bottom of the air intake chamber (from the horizontal step 30 formed by the shaft on the transition point of the air intake chamber of the shaft 2 and the first pressure relief chamber 3), and from there on the pipes are directed to the outside of the shaft into the natural ground and reach through the wall of the middle part of the shaft into the first pressure relief chamber. In this way, the geothermal energy of the earth is utilized for the primary heating of the inlet ambient air and to increase the negative charge of the airborne negative air ions.

The third pressure relief chamber 5 is attached to the lid 31 closing the first pressure relief chamber. The air distribution chamber 7 with cylindrical housing is passing through the third pressure relief chamber 5, which is connected to the outlet pipe (pipeline) 70 for the air directed from the building to the system. Through the air distribution chamber 7 passes an upward ventilation pipe (pipeline) 8, through which the air enriched with positive ions together with pollutants (dust, pathogens, fungal spores, etc.) is guided out of the system. The third pressure relief chamber 5 is connected to the discharge pipe 9 (pipeline) through which the air purified in the system and enriched with negative air ions is directed into the building. Air inlet pipes 10 beginning from the second pressure relief chamber reach the third pressure relief chamber.

On the bottom or lid 41 of the first pressure relief chamber 3 is resting the ion purification central unit, which comprises an ion purification device 1 1 made of perforated material (e.g. metal) and filled with ceramsite (or the like, ionic material like expanded clay) along with a ventilation pipe 8 for discharging the polluted air from the system. Also, positive air ions that are unhealthy, are also taken out through the ventilation pipe 8. The lower portion of the ion purification device 81 is conical and a ventilation chamber (82) formed there, which contains the lower, and also cone- shaped, portion 80 of the ventilation pipe 8. The ion purification device 1 1 is partially surrounded by an air distribution chamber 7, such that the air entering the air distribution chamber from the building moves downward in the air distribution chamber 7, and the positively charged ions of the air, along with the pollution and air humidity, are attracted towards the positively charged ceramsite, pass through it and travel towards the inlet end of the ventilation pipe, where they are pulled into the ventilation pipe and taken along the ventilation pipe out of the system.

The natural ambient air (in urban conditions, it is contaminated with dust particles, gases, etc.) enters the ion purification geothermal device through the ambient air intake openings at the upper edge of the air intake chamber 2 on the ground. The primary (rough) cleaning filters 22 for catching larger dust particles and soot particles, insects, rubbish, and the like flowing in the ambient air, and for the primary cleaning of ambient air entering the system are arranged in the air intake openings. The ambient air is driven from the air intake chamber 2 through the ambient air primary heat exchange pipes into the first pressure relief chamber 3. The ambient air meets the return air from the building in the first pressure chamber 3, so that the ambient air does not mix with the return air from the building, whereas the positive ions are predominant in the return air of the building, bringing along dust and other particles, as well as water vapor from the air of the building. In the upper part of the first pressure relief chamber 3, a cylindrical air separation chamber 7 extends, into which enters the discharge pipe 70 of the air coming from the building. In addition, an ion purification device 1 1 made of perforated metal and filled with ceramsite, is arranged in the first pressure chamber 3.

The air separation chamber 7 is partially surrounding the ion purification device 1 1 , i.e. ion purification device 1 1 is partially located inside the air separation chamber 7. The ceramsite of the ion purification device 1 1 is originally a material with a neutral charge, but due to the magnets located in the lower part of the ion purification device, ceramsite is beforehand provided with a positive charge, which causes it to attract positive ions from the air of the building and from the ambient air. As a result, the air supersaturated with positive ions passes through the ceramsite and moves along the ventilation pipe 8 with the pollution and water vapor out of the system. Ceramsite attracts some of the ambient air, that is, positively charged air particles also travel through the ceramsite of the ion purification device and are also taken out of the system via the ventilation pipe 8. The ambient air directed to the first pressure relief chamber 3 does not mix with air coming from the building and directed to the same first pressure chamber 3 due to the temperature difference. There is a conflict between these temperatures, wherein the cold air is not mixing with the warmer air coming from a building.

An important factor in this is the movement speed of the ambient air and of the air coming from the building. The fresh air intake speed is in the range of 2-6 m/s and the speed of the air blown out of the building is in the range of 3-7 m/s.

There is an underpressure in the first pressure relief chamber 3, while the air distribution chamber 7 for the air departing from the building is in an overpressure, i.e. the air distribution chamber is designed in such a way that an additional underpressure is generated in the first pressure relief chamber 3. The entire structure of the first pressure relief chamber 3 is such that positively charged air ions always travel back to the atmosphere through the ventilation pipe 8, with the air entry speed in the range of 0.2-0.5 m/s and exit speed of 3-6 m/s. This prevents the energy accumulation processes (device freezing or overheating).

The air enriched with negative air ions moves from the first pressure chamber 3 to the heat exchange pipes 6, in which the air speed is in the range of 0.5-12 m/s.

With smaller speeds, the pipes are shorter, while with longer pipes the speed is higher. The air charged with negative ions and heated by the earth’s thermal energy moves from the heat exchange pipes 6 to the second pressure relief chamber 4. The second pressure relief chamber 4 is separated from the first pressure relief chamber in an airtight way by a plate 41 made of non-conductive material. The second pressure relief chamber is located in the lowest part of the shaft, with a constantly uniform ambient temperature of approximately +7-8 °C. There is a filter device 12 filled with negatively charged activated carbon installed in the second pressure relief chamber 4 through which the air charged with negative ions flows into inlet pipeline, which is connected to the third pressure relief chamber 5 located at the top of the system. The follow-up ion purification and filtration of the air takes place in the filter 12 filled with activated carbon. Air velocity is as follows: the air speed inside the second pressure relief chamber 4 is 0.2-0.5 m/s and the exit speed is in the range 0.5-3.0 m/s. From the air inlet pipeline 10, the air moves to the third pressure relief chamber 5, with an air speed inside the chamber ranging from 0.3 to 1 .2 m/s, and the speed of the air blown out of the chamber ranging from 2-6 m/s. The outlet pipe 9 of the air drawn into the building is connected to the third pressure relief chamber 5 and the ion-purified air moves, for example, to the heat recovery ventilation unit of the building (not shown), whereas the air is ion- purified or "fresh" (saturated with negative ions and also preheated). The temperature of the air entering the building is in winter, for example, always +1-8 °C and in summer always +16-21 °C.

All of the air is treated in the system with natural ion exchange without the use of additional energy. In the structure according to the invention, this is done in an underground ion purification device 1 1 where positive and negative aeroions and the opposite temperatures meet (the air exiting the building and the outside air meet in the first pressure relief chamber 3) and where air ion-purification and temperature changes always take place (warming during the cold season or cooling during the warm season, respectively), whereas negative ions are used to create an environment for the pathogens (bacteria, viruses, insects, etc.) in the ambient air or in the air coming from the building, which inhibits their life processes. The life processes of bacteria that degrade the living environment and of viruses are essentially decreased or stopped.

Advantages of the system according to the invention are as follows:

- the air blown into the building does not release any natural moisture

- the indoor air of the buildings lacks the active dust (or, is missing the flying dust), that is, the indoor air of the buildings is virtually dust-free, because natural air humidity is used to turn the dust particles into passive dust (passive dust does not fly)

- earth’s thermal energy is used to reduce the costs of heating the air that is drawn in (especially during the cold period (winter)) for approximately 60% (using heat recovery ventilation systems (especially in winter), heating costs can be reduced by about 98%)

- the temperature of the air blown into the building during summer is between +21-28 °C (in the case of heat recovery ventilation systems, summer mode is used in summer),

- the saving on ventilation maintenance costs is about 80%, since, together with positive air ions, dust particles, bacteria and the like are removed from the system, meaning that there are no suitable reproduction and living conditions for pathogens,

- spreading of molds stops, the system and the building develops no moisture damage,

- the radon released from the earth does not penetrate into the building, but is also removed from the system through the ventilation pipeline,

- people's health will improve, because the so-called fresh air contains to a large extent negative air ions,

- finally, the higher the difference between the temperature of the atmosphere and the internal constant temperature of the earth, the higher the efficiency of the ion purification system according to the invention.

List of details:

1 - housing, shaft

2 - air intake chamber

20 - shaft lid, closes the air intake chamber

21 - ambient air intake openings

22 - cleaning filters 3 - first pressure relief chamber

30 - step on the transition of the air intake chamber and first pressure relief chamber, the step is horizontal

31 - lid, separates the air intake chamber from the first pressure relief chamber 32 - ambient air primary inlet pipes

4 - second pressure relief chamber

40 - step on the transition of the first and second pressure relief chamber, the step is horizontal

41 - lid, separates the first pressure relief chamber from the second pressure relief chamber

42 - magnets with a negative polarization

5 - third pressure relief chamber

6 - heat exchange pipes

7 - air distribution chamber

70 - outlet pipe for the air directed from the building to the system

8 - ventilation pipe

81 - lower part of the ion purification device

82 - ventilation chamber

9 - outlet pipe

10 - air inlet pipe

11 - ion purification device

12 - filter device, filled with activated charcoal