Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
DEVICE AND METHOD TO REDUCE CLUTCH ENGAGEMENT SPEED
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/166189
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A safety device comprising a safety module (3) and a safety control module (4) and a method to reduce a speed of an unwanted clutch engagement when a malfunction of a motor (2) for a clutch control actuator occurs (the power supply for the motor is interrupted), so that a driver can have more time to react in such situation.

More Like This:
Inventors:
TRENCSENI, Balazs (Kiscelli u. 98 3/6, 1037 Budapest, 1037, HU)
KANDAR, Tibor (Palinkahaz 14/B, 8096 Sukoro, 8096, HU)
FERENCZ, Jozsef, Zsolt (Lehel street 56, 1135 Budapest, 1135, HU)
Application Number:
EP2019/052654
Publication Date:
September 06, 2019
Filing Date:
February 04, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
KNORR-BREMSE SYSTEME FÜR NUTZFAHRZEUGE GMBH (Moosacher Str. 80, München, 80809, DE)
International Classes:
H02P6/24; H02P3/22; H02P29/024
Domestic Patent References:
WO2008107035A12008-09-12
Foreign References:
DE102010035798A12011-03-24
US20150263650A12015-09-17
DE102006037745A12008-02-21
Other References:
None
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. Safety device for an electric motor (2) which controls an actuator for a vehicle driveline clutch system, where the motor (2) includes at least three coils (20a, 20b and 20c), comprising:

a safety module (3), including switches (30a, 30b and 30c) for each of the coils (20a, 20b and 20c) of the motor (2), respectively;

a safety control module (4) configured to provide an output signal to the safety module (3), which actively holds the switches (30a, 30b and 30c) opened during a regular operation of the motor (2), and to provide an output signal to the safety module (3), which closes the switches (30a, 30b and 30c) when a malfunc- tion of the motor (2) is detected, so that the coils (20a, 20b and 20c) are shorted and the motor (2) is stopped slower than in a normal power-off situation; and an energy storage device (42) to be charged with a power supply (10, 10') during the regular operation and said energy storage device (42) is configured to power the safety control module (4), when a malfunction of the motor (2) occurs, to send the output signal to the safety module (3) to close the switches (30a, 30b and 30c).

2. Safety device according to claim 1 , wherein said safety device is configured so that when a malfunction of the motor (2) occurs, the coils (20a, 20b and 20c) are connected with ground (32) to be shorted.

3. Safety device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein resistors (22a, 22b and 22c) are provided and connected with each of the coils (20a, 20b and 20c) and the resis- tors (22a, 22b and 22c) are configured so that their resistance can be adjusted, and / or wherein the switches (30a, 30b and 30c) are configured, so that their resistance can be adjusted.

4. Safety device according to any one of the previous claims, wherein the switches (30a, 30b and 30c) are FET or MOSFET switches.

5. Safety device according to any one of the previous claims, wherein the safety control module (4) is configured to be connected with a failure control device (5) to receive an input signal to detect whether a malfunction occurs to the motor (2).

6. Safety device according to any one of the previous claims, wherein the energy storage device (42) is

a capacitor and / or

provided with a Zener-diode (44) configured to set a maximal voltage charged in the energy storage device (42) and / or

configured so that its energy storage capability is adjustable.

7. Safety device according to any one of the previous claims, wherein the safety control module (4) is

configured so that a stored energy in the energy storage device (42) is configured to be completely used during an active braking operation by said safety device, and / or

configured so that the capability of the energy storage device (42) is con- figured dependent on the power supply (10, 10') and / or

configured so that the energy storage device (42) is ensured to operate at a minimum operational power supply level of the vehicle driveline clutch system with a safety margin.

8. Safety device according to any one of the previous claims, wherein the safety control module (4) comprises switches SW1 , SW2, SW3 and SW4 configured so that, SW1 and SW4 are closed and SW2 and SW3 are opened during regular operation of the motor (2) and SW1 and SW4 are opened and SW2 and SW3 are closed when a malfunction of the motor (2) is detected.

9. Safety device according to claim 8, wherein the switch SW1 is configured to be triggered by a predetermined minimal voltage level.

10. Safety device according to claim 9, wherein the voltage level for triggering the switch SW1 is configured to be lower than the minimal operational power supply level of the vehicle driveline clutch system.

1 1 . Safety device according to any one of the claims 8-10, wherein the switch SW4 is configured to keep the switches (30a, 30b and 30c) in the safety module (3) opened during the regular operation of the motor (2).

12. Method for a vehicle driveline clutch system to slow down a clutch engagement speed, when a malfunction of a motor (2) for a clutch control actuator occurs, where the motor (2) comprises at least three coils (20a, 20b and 20c) and the motor is driven by a power supply (10, 10') in a regular operation, comprising the following steps:

connecting each coil (20a, 20b and 20c) of the motor with a switch (30a, 30b and 30c) from a safety device;

keeping the switches (30a, 30b 30c) opened during a regular operation of the motor (2);

closing the switches to short the coils when a malfunction of the motor oc curs, using an energy from an energy storage device (42).

13. Method according to claim 12, wherein the coils (20a, 20b, 20c) are connected with ground (32) to be shorted when a malfunction of the motor (2) is detected.

14. Method according to claim 12 or 13, wherein resistance of the coils (20a, 20b and 20c) are adjusted by adjusting windings of the coils, and / or resistors (22a, 22b, 22c) are provided and connected with the coils (20a, 20b and 20c) and resistance of the resistors (22a, 22b, 22c) is adjusted, and / or resistance of the switches (30a, 30b, 30c) are adjusted, and /or an energy storage capability of the energy storage device (42) is adjusted to adjust braking effect of the motor.

15. Method according to any one of the claims 12 to 14, wherein a failure control device (5) is connected with the safety device providing an input signal to the safety device whether a malfunction is occurred to the motor (2).

16. Method according to any one of the claims 12 to 15, wherein a maximal voltage charged in the energy storage device (42) is controlled. 17. Method according to any one of the claims 12 to 16, wherein the energy storage capability of the energy storage device (42) is adjusted dependent on the power supply (10, 10').

Description:
Device and method to reduce clutch engagement speed

The present invention relates to a safety device and a method to reduce a speed of an unwanted clutch engagement when a malfunction of a motor for a clutch control actuator occurs (the power supply for the motor is interrupted).

In a case of automated transmissions, usually an automatic driveline clutch control is applied. Driveline clutches commonly use a plurality of springs to clamp a friction disc to an engine flywheel. The springs are disposed within a pressure plate assembly which is bolted to the flywheel. A mechanical linkage that controls the pressure plate spring mechanism is usually actuated with an electronically controlled actuator. A working me- dium of the actuator is generally fluid that provides enough power for the actuation. In order to eliminate uncertainties and inaccuracy of fluid mass control to the working cyl- inder of the actuator, the actuator is also controlled by an electric motor. In this case the motor drives a mechanism that is capable to transfer the motor rotating motion to axial movement that is necessary for opening or closing the clutch over a release bearing.

An unintended motion of the actuator for the clutch can lead to an unexpected rapid change of transmitted torque in the vehicle driveline. The rapid torque changes can cause a quick change of vehicle speed and it requires fast reaction from the driver in order to avoid hazardous situation during driving. Unintended clutch motions can appear in case of a failure of the actuator or the failure of actuator supply lines. Such a typical error is a malfunction of an electronic supply of the actuator.

Automatic clutch operation devices are wide-ranged especially on commercial vehicle markets and the user requires precise and fast control of transmitted clutch but for low- est cost as possible. To fulfil the performance requirement of a smooth and fast control and the electrification trend of vehicle powertrains lead to applying pure electric power to control the clutch of a vehicle transmission. The performance of the automatic clutch operation devices depends basically on built-in power (capacity), on the moving masses, on the efficiency of the mechanism, on the control quality and on the available amount of energy / power.

One of the most dangerous driving situation can occur if an actually disengaged clutch unintendedly engaged rapidly. In this case the vehicle can suddenly jump (accelerate). Fast and accurate driver reaction is required to avoid an accident. If a pure electric actuator is applied, then a break of electric supply can lead to such situation. The electric motor has to be powered and controlled not only during movement of the clutch, but also during keeping it disengaged. In a malfunction where the motor is not powered anymore to hold the force of a clutch spring, the spring force will close the clutch fast. For example, a clutch engagement time can be less than 50...100 ms in a FIDV (heavy duty vehicle), however in this case, an acceptable engagement time in which the driver is able to control the vehicle motion is in a range of some seconds (2..5 sec).

Mechanically locking the motor in a disengaged position in order to keep the requested position against the clutch spring without using external electric power can be hardly implemented at a low cost, since it requires additional mechanical and control compo- nents. In most cases a slow and controlled engagement of the clutch is required, so that the driver can react on unintended torque changes and the vehicle remains at least partly driveable even with active failure to the driveline. So the driver can manage the avoidance of hazardous situation and drive to the next service station to repair the ve- hicle.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a method and a safety device, which are capable of slowing down an engaging speed of the clutch without any addi- tional mechanical component, when a malfunction of the electric motor occurs and the motor lacks power supply to hold the clutch in a disengaged position (to actively drag the clutch spring).

The above problem is solved with a safety device according to claim 1 and a method according to claim 18. Other further advantageous developments of the invention are disclosed in the respective dependent claims. According to the present invention, a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM) is provided to drive a clutch actuator in an automatic driveline. The PMSM has a rotor with permanent magnets and a stator with at least three coils as phases. Optionally, the coils in the motor are each connected with a resistor.

During the regular operation of the clutch actuator, when the clutch is disengaged, the motor is driven by a motor driver to actively hold (drag) a clutch spring so as to keep the clutch in the disengaged status (the rotor of the motor rotates in a given direction). When a malfunction occurs, the motor loses suddenly power supply, and the rotor stops. At the same time, the resilience force from the clutch spring drags the rotor of the motor to rotate in a reverse direction of the above mentioned direction. In this moment, magnetic fields are induced by an induced flux in the coils, resulting in an acceleration of the reverse rotation of the rotor and a quick release of the clutch spring. According to the present invention, a method to make the coils of the motor shorted is provided to release the flux induced in the coils, and thus eliminate the magnetic fields so that the acceler- ation of the reverse rotation of the rotor is prohibited and the release of the clutch spring is slowed down.

A safety device according to the invention is provided to control the motor and comprises a safety module and a safety control module. The safety module includes switches for each of the coils of the motor, respectively. The safety control module is configured to provide an output signal to the safety module, which actively holds the switches opened during a regular operation of the motor, and to provide an output signal to the safety module, which closes the switches when a malfunction of the motor is detected, so that the coils are shorted and the release of the clutch spring from the motor is slower than in a normal power-off situation. Furthermore, the safety device is provided with an en- ergy storage device (for example a capacitor) to be charged with a power supply during the regular operation and said energy storage device is configured to power the safety control module, when a malfunction of the motor occurs, to send the output signal to the safety module to close the switches. For example the safety device is configured so that when a malfunction of the motor has occurred, the coils are connected with ground to be shorted.

A braking effect of the safety device depends on the resistance of the coils in the motor. In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, the safety device can be configured so that the resistance of the coils in the motor can be adjusted, either by adjusting the windings of the coils or adjusting the resistance of the optionally connected resistors.

Furthermore, the braking effect of the safety device also depends on the resistance of the switches in the safety module. In an advantageous embodiment of the invention, the switches in the safety module can be configured, so that their resistance can be adjusted.

The switches in the safety module can be any type of electronic switch, for example FET (field-effect transistor) or MOSFET (metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect tran- sistor) switches.

In a preferred embodiment of the present invention the safety control module is config- ured to be connected with a failure control device to receive an input signal to detect whether a malfunction has occurred to the motor.

In a further developed embodiment of the present invention the energy storage device in the safety device is provided with a Zener-diode configured to set a maximal voltage (Ubrake) charged in the energy storage device. The level of Ubrake is a factor to influ- ence a duration of the brake effect of the motor.

In a further developed embodiment of the present invention the energy storage device in the safety control module is configured so that its energy storage capability (C) is adjustable. The level of the energy storage capability (C) is another factor to influence the duration of the brake effect of the motor. Furthermore, the safety control module is configured so that a stored energy in the en- ergy storage device is completely used during an active braking operation by said safety device, until the duration of the braking effect ends. Thus, the capacity of the energy storage device has to be dimensioned accordingly so that the required braking capacity is fulfilled.

Furthermore, the safety control module can be configured so that the energy storage capability (C) and / or a voltage level of the energy storage device is dependent on the power supply.

In a further developed embodiment of the present invention the safety control module is configured so that the energy storage device is ensured to operate at a minimum operational power supply level of the vehicle driveline clutch system with a safety mar- gin.

Further objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent by refer- ence to the following description of a preferred embodiment and drawings.

Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of a motor, a motor driver, a safety module and a safety control module according to one embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a schematic circuit design of the safety control module from Fig. 1 .

Fig. 1 shows an electric motor 2 with three coils 20a, 20b and 20c, each connected with a resistor 22a, 22b and 22c, respectively. The coils 20a, 20b and 20c are mounted on a stator (not shown) of the motor, and a rotor (not shown) of the motor rotates to hold (drag) a clutch spring. A motor driver 1 is provided to control a regular operation of the motor 2, where the motor driver 1 is connected with a power supply 10. A safety module 3 is provided to be connected with the motor 2. The safety module 3 comprises switches 30a, 30b and 30c, which are configured to be connected with each of the coils 20a, 20b and 20c of the motor 2, respectively. A safety control module 4 is provided to be con- nected with the safety module 3 and controls the switches 30a, 30b and 30c. Fig. 2 shows a detailed circuit design of the safety control module 4 according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention. The safety control module 4 is con- nected with a failure control device 5 to receive an input signal to decide whether a malfunction of the motor occurs.

During the regular operation, a power supply 10' is active and an energy storage device 42 is charged with the power supply 10'. A Zener-diode 44 is provided to set a maximal voltage level to be charged in the energy storage device 42. Furthermore, the energy storage device 42 is configured to have a predetermined energy storage capacity C.

Four switches SW1 , SW2, SW3 and SW4 are built in the safety control module 4. During the regular operation, the power supply 10' is active and controls SW4 so that SW4 is closed and sends a signal to the safety module 3 where the signal is used to keep the switches 30a, 30b and 30c in Fig. 3 open. At the same time, the switch SW1 is held closed, whereas the switches SW2 and SW3 are opened.

When a malfunction occurs, i.e. the power supply 10' is off, SW4 is triggered to be opened, and the failure control device 5 generates a signal to open the switch SW1 . Where the trigger can be a predetermined minimal voltage level, for example, when the voltage is lower than the minimal operational power supply level of the vehicle driveline clutch system. Once the SW1 is opened, SW2 is triggered to be closed, followed by SW3 triggered to be closed. At this moment, the energy storage device 42 switches from a power-charging state to a power-supply state, which enables the safety control module 4 to send a signal to the safety module 3 to close the switch 30a, 30b and 30c, so that the coils 20a, 20b and 20c are shorted by being connected to ground 32.

The braking effect of the motor 2 can be adjusted by adjusting the windings of the coils 20a, 20b and 20c, and / or resistance of the resistor 22a, 22b and 22c of the motor 2 and / or resistance of the switches 30a, 30b and 30c of the safety module 3. Further- more, the duration of the braking effect can be adjusted by the type of the switches 30a, 30b and 30c, a voltage level (Ubrake) and / or the energy storage capability C of the energy storage device 42 of the safety control module 4.

With the above brake device, the coils 20a, 20b and 20c are all shorted by connecting to the ground 32, when a malfunction function occurs and the power supply 10, 10' is off, which eliminates magnet fields generated by a resilience force from a clutch spring to the rotor of the motor 2, so that the release of the clutch spring is slowed down, meaning an unwanted engagement of the clutch is slowed down, providing a driver more time to react.