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Title:
DEVICE FOR THE SLIDING MOVEMENT OF DOORS AND WARDROBE DOORS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/158265
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A device for the sliding movement of doors and wardrobe doors (12) provided with at least two doors (14,16) or (62, 64, 66) sliding so as to move along respective and parallel guides (18) and (18') fixed near the front edge of the upper base (20, 60) of said wardrobe, comprising: - at least one pair of carriages (22), provided with at least one wheel or roller (32), fixed to the inner front of each door (14) and (16) at or near the respective upper edge; - a plate-like element (22') for the direct attachment of at least one of the carriages (22) to the doors (14) or (16); - at least one frame with an inverted "U" cross-section (46), and / or (46') supporting a wheel or roller (32); - opposite air pistons (24) fixed to the end of the guides (18) along which the wheels or rollers (32) of the carriages (22) slide for the cushioned stop at the end stroke upon closing and opening of said carriages, and thus of the doors (14) and (16). Said device comprises a support (30) housing a piston (40) surmounted by an integral pincer or elastic clamp (44), said support (30) is fixed to at least one of the frames with an inverted "U" cross-section (46) or (46').

Inventors:
TERNO, Giovanni (Via Ravenna 4, Varedo, 20039, IT)
Application Number:
EP2019/000037
Publication Date:
August 22, 2019
Filing Date:
February 08, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
TERNO SCORREVOLI S.P.A. UNIPERSONALE (Via Ravenna 4, Varedo, 20814, IT)
International Classes:
E05D15/08; E05D15/06; E05D15/18; E05F5/00; E05F17/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2018019415A12018-02-01
Foreign References:
DE202016105495U12016-11-07
DE102009011919A12010-09-16
DE202008014529U12010-03-18
DE2828064A11979-02-08
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
LECCE & CALCIATI S.R.L. UNIPERSONALE (Via Ariberto 24, Milano, 20123, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A device (10), (10 ') for the sliding movement of wardrobe or furniture doors (12) and doors along respective guides by means of one or more carriages (22) or (80) respectively fixed to each of said doors, characterized in that it comprises a support (30) or (100) wherein a piston (40) or (104) is housed, surmounted by an integral pincer or elastic clamp (44) or (98).

2. The movement device (10) according to claim 1, characterised in that the wardrobe (12) is provided with at least two doors (14, 16) or (62, 64, 66) sliding so as to move along respective and parallel guides (18) and (18 ') fixed near the front edge of the upper base (20, 60) of said wardrobe, said movement device comprising:

- at least one pair of carriages (22), provided with at least one wheel or roller (32), fixed to the inner front of each door at or near the respective upper edge; a plate-like element (22 ') for the direct attachment of at least one of the carriages (22) to said doors;

- at least one frame with an inverted "U" cross-section

(46), and / or (46 ') or (68) or (70) supporting a wheel or roller (32);

opposite air pistons (24) fixed to the end of the guides (18) and / or on the guides themselves along which the wheels or rollers (32) of the carriages slide (22) for the cushioned stop at the end stroke when closing, opening and in intermediate positions of said carriages and the respective doors, said support (30) being fixed to at least one of the frames with an inverted "U" cross-section (46), (46'), (68), (70).

3. The movement device according to claim 1, characterized in that it comprises a shaped body (50), attached with screws or rivets to at least one of the plate-like elements (22') of the carriages (22); provided with a wedge-shaped appendage (48) arranged rightwards or leftwards and designed to act in conjunction with the pincer or elastic clamp borne by the support (30).

4. The movement device according to claim 2, characterized in that the frames with inverted "U" cross-section (46, 46 ') and (68, 70) define two parallel vertical walls (47) and

(49), the first of which has a greater height and forms the attachment surface to the inner face of the doors (14) or (16) or (66), said frames having a height such as to pass over the inner door (14).

5. The movement device according to claim 4, characterized in that at the exposed face of the vertical wall (49) of at least one of the frames with an inverted "U" cross-section (46, 46 ') one of the carriages is fixed (22) formed of a roller (32) combined with a plate (33).

6. The movement device according to claim 1, characterized in that said support (30) with piston (40) and pincer (44) is fixed to the inner face of the vertical wall (49) of at least one of the frames with an inverted "U" cross-section (46, 46 '), (68, 70).

7. The movement device according to claim 6, characterized in that on the frames with the inverted "U" cross-section (46, 46 ', 68, 70) and on the shaped bodies (50), abutments (56, 56') are provided for the actuation of the air pistons (24).

8. The movement device according to claim 6, characterized in that the support (30) is formed of two complementary half-shells (34, 36) each of which comprises, below, a recess with a semi-circular profile (38) extending horizontally to form the positioning and stabilization seat of the piston (40).

9. The movement device (10') according to claim 1, characterized in that said carriage (80) of the door is provided, on at least one head, with an extension (88) defining two or more holes (90) extending vertically for as many screws (92) suitable to connect to said carriage an upper arm (94) on which an integral wedge-shaped appendage (96) is made designed to engage between the parallel and elastic arms of said elastic clamp (98) starting from the mouth (102) of the same.

10.The movement device according to claim 9, characterized in that said screws (92) are inserted from above into complementary holes (90') of the arm (94).

11.The movement device according to claim 9, characterized in that said elastic clamp (98) is connected to said support (30) which is fixed at or near the end stop of the door and which bears, below said elastic clamp (98), the piston (104), the stem (106) of which protrudes in the direction facing the carriage (80) and is provided at the end with an elastomer tip (108).

12. The movement device according to claim 11, characterized in that the elastic clamp (98) comprises two opposite arms or semi-shells (114, 116), connected by rivets (118), in each of which a semi-circular profile seat is made which accommodates and stabilizes a part of the body of the piston (104), at the outer face of the semi shells (114, 116) there being fixed respective reinforcement plates (114 ', 116') in metal or other suitable material.

13. The movement device according to claim 9, characterized in that the arm (94) bearing the wedge-shaped appendage (96) is provided with an integral extension (110), extending downwards to engage the carriage (80) below and provided with a window (112) for the passage of the tip (108) of the piston (104).

Description:
"Device for the sliding movement of doors and wardrobe doors".

Description

The present invention relates to a device for the sliding movement of doors and wardrobe doors.

More particularly, the present invention relates to a device as defined above, especially suitable for integrating into an apparatus by means of which the sliding of furniture or wardrobe doors and the precise opening and closing position of said doors is achieved. The device according to the invention is suitable to perform a dual function, in the sense that it prevents the handles or grips for moving the individual doors from coming into contact with each other, with the risk of damage, while also preventing the user's fingers from being crushed between them when opening or closing one or more of said doors. The device according to the invention is in fact suitable for use on furniture or wardrobes comprising two or more doors, sliding along guide rails placed on parallel lines.

According to an alternative embodiment, the progressive braking and coupling means provided for the sliding doors or wardrobe doors are advantageously used for the same purpose for sliding doors, installed to close the passageway between two adjacent spaces as needed.

As is known, a widespread type of wardrobes provides that the doors do not open cantilevered, rotate on hinges that support them on one side, but instead alternately open or close access to the respective compartments of the wardrobe itself by sliding frontally, thanks to upper and lower carriages that move along paired guide rails; the upper guide rails are fixed near the front edge of the upper closing panel, or top, of said wardrobes. In this case, the doors are led to slide in overlap when one of them is opened and this is made possible by the fact that the guide rails of the carriages are independent, close and parallel to each other. It follows that the wardrobe, if fitted with only two doors, identifies an outer door and an inner door, both of which can be fully or only partially opened, independently of each other. To make movement possible when opening and closing, said outer and inner doors are provided with respective handles or grips, fixed on them so as to project at a convenient height at the edges defined by one or both opposite vertical sides.

Under ideal conditions of use, the handles of the respective doors cannot hit each other, since the inner door is moved in opening only when the outer door is completely closed, and vice versa. The door that reaches the end of stroke, in opening or closing, has a traditional stop element, which can be cushioned or of the pincer type; two stops are used for each door, one for the open position and one for the closed position. Such stops are typically fixed to the ends of the rails forming the sliding guides of the doors. Even in the case of a three-door wardrobe, the door to be opened should only be opened when the remaining two doors are completely closed. However, it frequently happens in both cases that one of the doors is moved when the other or the others are not completely closed, so that the respective handles can hit each other violently and be damaged; there is also the real risk that the user's fingers may be crushed between the handles when they collide. Given the sometimes significant weight of these doors, the risk that the user may suffer serious injury in this case is high.

In order to overcome these drawbacks, devices have been designed to limit the reciprocal stroke of the doors; these devices, consisting of an element that is typically fixed to the carriage to which the door is connected, prevent the handles from coming into contact with each other, but have the drawback of causing a considerable noise, in addition to that of not being aesthetically in line with the rest of the wardrobe.

The purpose of the present invention is to overcome the drawbacks complained of above.

More particularly, the object of the present invention is to provide a handle-saving device for wardrobes with sliding doors suitable to prevent the handles from coming into contact with each other.

A further object of the invention is to provide a device as defined above able to prevent contact between the handles even if one door of the wardrobe is opened when the other door is not completely closed. A no less important purpose of the invention is to provide a handle-saving device for the sliding doors of wardrobes suitable to constitute at the same time an end stop to the stroke for the opening door.

A further purpose of the invention is to make available to users a handle-saving device suitable to ensure a high level of resistance and reliability over time, in addition such as to be easily and economically made.

These and other purposes are achieved by the handle-saving device for the sliding doors of wardrobes of the present invention according to the main claim.

The construction and functional characteristics of the handle saving device for the sliding doors of wardrobes of the present invention will be more clearly comprehensible from the detailed description below in which reference is made to the appended drawings which show a preferred and non-limiting embodiment and wherein:

Figure 1 schematically represents, in axonometric view from the rear face, a wardrobe fitted by way of example with two sliding doors and the device of the present invention;

Figure 2 schematically represents the same wardrobe in top view with both doors closed in a complete manner;

Figures 3, 4 and 5 represent respectively as many enlarged axonometric views of the details indicated as A, B and C in figure 1; Figure 6 schematically represents, in a view from above, the wardrobe in figure 1 in the condition in which the inner door is completely closed while the outer one is totally open with the intervention of the device of the invention;

Figure 7 is an enlarged detail of figure 6, highlighting the position of the handles when the doors are arranged according to the illustration in the previous figure, depending on the intervention of said device;

Figure 8 schematically represents the axonometric view from the rear face of the wardrobe with the doors arranged according to the representation in figure 6;

Figures 9, 10 and 11 represent respectively as many enlarged axonometric views of the details indicated as A3, B3 and C3 in figure 8;

Figure 12 schematically represents a view from above of the wardrobe in which the inner door is in the open position and the outer one is in the closed position;

Figure 13 is an enlarged detail of figure 12, to highlight the position that the handles assume when the doors are arranged according to the illustration in the previous figure, as a result of the intervention of the device of the invention;

Figure 14 schematically represents the axonometric view from the rear face of the wardrobe with the doors arranged according to the representation in figure 12; Figures 15, 16 and 17 respectively represent as many enlarged axonometric views of the details indicated as A2, B2 and C2 in figure 14;

Figure 18 schematically represents the same detailed view as figure 16, but lacks the element bearing the wheel to better highlight the device of the invention;

Figure 19 schematically represents the view from above of the wardrobe in which both the inner and outer doors are in the possible partially open position;

Figure 20 is an enlarged detail of figure 19, to highlight the position that the handles assume when the doors are arranged according to the illustration in the previous figure, as a result of the intervention of the device of the invention;

Figure 21 schematically represents the axonometric view from the rear face of the wardrobe, with the doors arranged according to the representation in figure 19;

Figures 22, 23 and 24 represent respectively as many enlarged axonometric views of the details indicated as A4, B4 and C4 in figure 21;

Figure 25 schematically represents the same detailed view as figure 23, but lacks the element bearing the wheel to better highlight the device of the invention;

Figure 26 schematically represents the handle-saving device of the invention in exploded view; Figure 27 illustrates an axonometric view of the same device, assembled;

Figures 28 and 29 schematically illustrate, in axonometric view and in different positions, the handle-saving device of the invention approaching one of the carriages which the doors of the wardrobe are provided with, to highlight the stop clamp and the piston associated with it;

Figures 30 to 34 schematically illustrate the solution wherein the handle-saving device of the present invention is applied, by way of example, to a wardrobe with three doors;

Figure 35 schematically represents, in exploded view, an alternative embodiment of the device of the invention, wherein the progressive braking and coupling means provided for the sliding doors of the furniture or wardrobes are combined with a conventional carriage suitable to support a sliding door;

Figure 36 schematically represents an axonometric view of the device in figure 35 with its components assembled;

Figure 37 schematically represents, in an exploded view, the same device with the clamp and piston associated therewith; Figure 38 schematically represents, in a view from above, the device in figure 36.

With initial reference to figures 1 to 5 and 10, the handle-saving device of the present invention, globally denoted by reference numeral 10 in figures 26, 27 and 28, is associated with a wardrobe 12 illustrated by way of example in figures 1 and 2; the wardrobe 12 is by way of example provided with two sliding doors, inner 14 and outer 16, typically quadrangular in shape, moved along respective guides consisting of two paired shaped profiles 18 and 18', in themselves known. Said guides are fixed to the top or^upper base 20 of said wardrobe, near the front edge thereof; on them the wheels or rollers 32 of the known carriages 22 slide, shown schematically in detail in figures 28 and 29 in the embodiment comprising a shaped body 50 more of which will be said below. The carriages 22 preferably comprise a plate-shaped member 22' for their direct attachment to the inner doors 14. As for the outer doors 16, the carriage 22 is advantageously composed of a roller 32 combined with a plate 33, as illustrated for example in figures 4 and 9. The plate 33 is connected with rivets or similar to a frame having an inverted "U" cross-section 46 or 46'; each of the frames 46, 46' defines, as may be seen for example in figures 5 and 10, two parallel vertical walls 47 and 49, the first of which is preferably higher and forms the attachment surface to the inner face of the outer doors 16, at their upper edge. The inverted U-section frames 46, 46' are fixed to the opposite ends of the upper side of the outer door 16. For easier identification, reference numeral 46 indicates the frame located at the rear end of the outer door 16, the carriage of which is designed to cooperate with the end-stroke stop; 46' indicates the other frame, which is instead arranged at the opposite front end of the same outer door 16. The aforementioned frames are high enough to pass over the inner door 14, as illustrated for example in figure 10. The carriage 22 formed by the roller 32 combined with the plate 33 is fixed to the exposed face of the wall 49 of the aforementioned frame 46, so that said roller rests on one of the shaped profiles 18, 18'; in particular, the roller 32 connected to the frame 46 slides on the inner guide 18, which is positioned innermost on the top 20 of the wardrobe 12, while the other guide 18’ or outer guide is closer to the doors 14, 16 and on it the rollers 32 of the carriages 22 fixed to the inner door 14 slide. This arrangement can be seen for example in figures 4 and 5. Each of the inner and outer doors 14 and 16 is provided with two carriages as defined above, constrained in a position close to the opposite ends of the upper side of said doors. From figure 2, in particular, it can be seen that on the exposed front face of the wardrobe 12 the inner door 14, i.e. closer to the body of said wardrobe, and the outer door 16, cantilevered outwards with respect to the former, are arranged. When opening a half-part of the wardrobe 12, the outer door 16 is positioned so as to surmount the inner door 14, or the latter is positioned below the outer one, as respectively schematically shown in figures 6 and 12. At the ends of the shaped guide profiles 18 along which the wheels or rollers 32 of the conventional carriages 22 slide, devices in themselves known are fixed for the cushioned stop at the end-stroke upon closing and opening said doors; said devices, driven by contact with abutments 56, 56' respectively made on the frames 46 and 46' as well as on the shaped bodies 50, typically consist of air pistons 24 or equivalent means of a known type, shown for example in figures 3 and 9 relative to the inner door 14 and figures 11 and 17 relative to the outer door. The air pistons 24 ensure a cushioned and progressive braking, preventing the doors 14 and 16 from reaching their natural end stroke violently, with the risk of damage or even causing unwanted displacements of the carriages 22; the abutment of the frame 46' that drives the air pistons 24 is indicated by reference numeral 56 for example in figures 10 and 16.

Both the inner and outer doors 14 and 16 are provided with gripping handles for their opening and closing movement; in the embodiment shown in the figures, the handles consist of strips or mouldings with a straight extension, which protrude cantilevered outwards and extend vertically at the opposite edges of said doors; the strips or mouldings are indicated by reference numeral 26 as regards the inner door 14 and by 28 for the outer door 16 and, preferably, extend for the entire height of said doors. The cushioned stop devices such as air pistons 24 prevent the doors from violently abutting the respective end stop upon closing and opening, but do not exclude the danger that the gripping handles of said doors, consisting of strips or mouldings 26 and 28, may collide with each other, or come into close contact with each other with the risk of crushing the user's fingers, under certain conditions. The device 10 of the present invention makes it possible to prevent such drawbacks. Said device, illustrated in detail in figures 26 and 27, as well as figures 28 and 29 in conjunction with a carriage 22, comprises a shaped support 30, made of plastic or metal, designed to be fixed to the carriage 22 of the outer door 14, as specified in detail below. The support 30 is formed of two complementary semi-shells 34, 36, as seen in figure 26, each of which comprises underneath a semi-circular profile recess 38 extending horizontally to form the positioning and stabilization seat of a piston 40, for example similar to the air pistons 24 fixed to the ends of the guide profiles 18. Above the recess 38 from the semi-shells 34, 36 a shaped appendage 42 protrudes which forms, once said semi shells are coupled together with screws or equivalent means, the elastic pincer or clamp 44 in figure 27. The shaped support 30 thus formed is connected with generic screws to the frame with inverted "U" section 46', in particular to the inner face of its vertical wall 49 bearing the roller 22, as can be seen in particular in figures 4, 9, 16 and 18. The elastic clamp 44 borne by the shaped support 30 is designed to cooperate with a wedge-shaped appendage 48 of one of the carriages 22; in particular, said appendage 48 protrudes from a shaped body 50, fixed with generic screws or rivets to the plate-shaped element 22' of the carriage 22 borne by the frame 46 located at the rear end of the outer door 16 and is oriented in the direction of the frame 46' placed at the opposite front end of said outer door 16. The wedge shape facilitates the insertion of the appendage 48 into the elastic clamp 44, as specified below in relation to the operation of the handle-saving device of the present invention. The shaped body 50, which is an integral part of the device of the present invention, is combined with the carriage 22 fixed to the frame 46 on which the shaped support 30 as illustrated in figures 5, 10 and 17 is absent; said shaped body 50, which covers part of the roller 32, can be fixed to the carriage 22 in two alternative positions, to arrange the wedge appendage 48 rightwards or leftwards as required. This can be seen, for example, from the comparison of figures 3 and 5, in which the wedge appendage 48 of one carriage 22 faces the wedge appendage of the other carriage. Said shaped body 50 comprises an arched through recess 52 having the function of delimiting the stroke of a rocker arm relevant to a solution unrelated to the present invention and protected independently; the same applies to the wheel 54 visible in particular in figure 29. The outer door 16 is provided with two inverted "IT frames 46, 46' by means of which it passes over the inner door 14 to bring the respective rollers 32 to abut against one of the guide profiles 18; the aforementioned frames are arranged near the opposite sides of the outer door 16, along the upper edge of the same and in a position close to the opposite mouldings 26. As specified, the shaped support 30, which bears the piston 40 and the overlying elastic clamp 44, is fixed to the inner face of the vertical branch 49 of the inverted U-section frame 46'.

The opening movement of the inner 14 and outer 16 doors takes place in the manner described below.

The initial situation is that shown in figure 2, wherein both the inner 14 and outer 16 doors are in the totally closed position and abut the respective end-stroke defined by the retracted stem of the air piston 24 (figure 2, as well as figures 3 and 5 in particular).

When the outer door 16 is fully opened, while the inner door remains completely closed (figures 6 to 10), there is contact between the piston stem 40, borne by the support 30 fixed to the frame 46 ', and the abutment 56' of the shaped body 50, the latter belonging to the carriage 22 already at the end stroke of the inner door 14; at the same time, the pincer 44 borne by the same support 30 couples with the wedge-shaped appendage 48 of said carriage, as may be inferred from the representations in figures 28 and 29. In practice, the opening phase leads the outer door 16 to cushion its stroke on the inner door 14, while the engagement of the wedge-shaped appendage 48 in the pincer 44 determines the obligatory position between said doors which do not overlap completely, as shown in figures 6 and 7; it follows that the respective mouldings or handles 26 and 28 remain adequately spaced apart, do not collide and do not cause crushing of the user's fingers.

Starting from the same condition in which both the inner 14 and outer 16 doors are in the totally closed position and abut the respective end stroke, consider now the phase leading to the opening of the inner door 14 (figures 12 to 18). In this situation, the opposite occurs with respect to the above, i.e. it is the inner door 14 which is cushioned on the outer door 16. In fact, this movement leads the carriage 22 of the inner door 14 to bring the wedge-shaped appendage 48 which it is fitted with to engage with the pincer 44 of the support 30 fixed to the frame 46'. At the same time, by means of the abutment 56' placed on the shaped body 50, the carriage 22 pushes on the piston stem 40 of said support 30 and realizes the cushioning effect for the inner door 14 upon opening. As for the situation described above, the engagement of the wedge-shaped appendage 48 in the pincer 44 determines the position between said doors which do not overlap completely, as shown in figures 12 and 13; it follows that the respective mouldings or handles 26 and 28 remain adequately spaced apart, therefore they do not collide and avoid the risk of crushing the user's fingers.

Furthermore, in the event that both inner and outer doors 14 and 16 are partially open, the device of the invention again performs the same functions described above. In fact, it can be seen from figures 19 to 25 how the simultaneous opening movement leads the two inner 14 and outer 16 doors to move to the central area of the opening face of the wardrobe 12; the support 30 fixed to the frame 46 ' which is in turn connected to the outer door 16 intercepts the carriage 22 of the inner door 26 during sliding, so that the wedge-shaped appendage 48 borne by the shaped body 50 of said carriage is engaged in the pincer 44 of said support 30. The two inner 14 and outer 16 doors therefore stabilize each other; at the same time, the stem of the piston 40 of the aforementioned support 30 is pushed by the abutment 56' made on the shaped body 50, creating a cushioned braking effect between said doors. Also in this case, as can be seen in particular from figures 20 and 25, the handles of said doors remain adequately spaced apart from each other, do not collide during their movement and avoid the risk of crushing the user's fingers.

Figures 31 to 34 illustrate the solution according to which the handle-saving device of the present invention is applied to a three-door wardrobe. In a wardrobe of this type, two of the doors are aligned with each other and, once closed, present themselves at the opposite ends of said wardrobe; the third door instead projects forward with respect to the others and closes the central part of the wardrobe. Two parallel sliding guides for the respective carriages are then provided on the top or upper base of the wardrobe, similarly to that described above with reference to the shaped profiles 18, 18' of the doors 14 and 16 and as schematically shown in particular in figure 30. Said figure, just as the next, illustrates the condition of a wardrobe with three fully closed doors, in which the top or upper base is indicated by reference numeral 60 and the opposite closed side doors are indicated as 62 and 64; the central door projecting outwards in relation to the former is instead indicated as 66. According to this embodiment, referring to a wardrobe provided with three doors arranged in closure as specified above, the projecting central door 66 is provided in the upper part and along the inner face facing the top 60, with two spaced frames with inverted "U" section, indicated as 68 and 70, each of which bears a device 10 with piston 40 and pincer 44. Said device is fixed inside the frame 68, as in the solution in figure 23, or outside the frame 70, as in the Solution of figure 10. An air piston 72 is also provided, along the shaped profile 18 in which the device 10 slides outside the "U" frame 70, similar to the piston 24 in figure 2, as well as in figures 3 and 5; consequently, when both inner doors 62 and 64 are closed, as shown in figures 30 and 31, the outer door 66 stops, cushioning its stroke on the piston 72. When the inner door 62 is opened, as shown in figure 32, its stroke is stopped and cushioned by the device 10 borne by the frame with inverted "U" section 68, while when the inner door 64 is opened, as shown in figure 33, its stroke is stopped and cushioned by the device 10 borne by the frame with inverted "U" section 70. Lastly, in the condition in which both the outer door 66 and one of the inner doors, for example the inner door 62, are both partly open, they stabilize and cushion each other with cushioned braking, similarly to the situation previously described with regard to figures 19 to 25. Also in the solution referring to a three-door wardrobe, consequently, the respective handles remain adequately apart from each other, do not collide during handling and avoid the risk of crushing the user's fingers.

Figures 35 to 38 refer to the alternative embodiment, wherein the progressive braking and coupling means provided for the sliding doors of furniture or wardrobes are advantageously used in a device globally denoted by reference numeral 10' in figure 35 for a sliding door and are combined with a conventional carriage suitable to support and move said door. From figures 35 and 36 to which reference is now made, it may be noted that, according to this alternative solution, one of the pincers 44 and one of the complementary wedge-shaped appendages 48 of the solution described above and illustrated in particular in figures 28 and 29 are combined with a carriage of a known type, used to support a sliding door (not illustrated). Said carriage, indicated as 80 in figures 35 and 36, typically comprises two pairs of wheels or rollers 82 that allow it to slide within a guide profile, wherein the lower base is provided with a longitudinally extended slot for the passage of a pin 84; said latter projects below the carriage 80 and connects it to the upper edge of the door or wardrobe door by means of a plate 86 connected to said pin. The carriage 80 is provided, on at least one head, with an extension 88 that extends horizontally between a pair of wheels 82 and has two or more holes 90 extending vertically; the holes 90 are arranged to accommodate as many screws 92 which connect to the carriage 80 an upper arm 94, provided at one end with corresponding holes 90'. The screws 92 are inserted from above into the holes 90' of the arm 94. From the opposite end of the arm 94 an integral extension ending in a wedge- shaped appendage 96 extends, similar to the wedge-shaped appendage 48 of the solution previously described, designed to engage between the parallel and elastic arms of a pincer or elastic clamp 98, it too similar to the elastic clamp 44 of the previous embodiment; said elastic clamp is borne by a support 100 that is fixed at or near the end stop of the sliding door. The mouth indicated as 102 in figure 35 of the pincer or elastic clamp 98 defines a slotted shape, so as to facilitate the insertion and subsequent retention of the wedge -shaped appendage 96. To said support 100 of the pincer or elastic clamp 98, below said pincer, a piston 104 is fixed, for example of the air type, the stem 106 of which protrudes in the direction facing the carriage 80 and bears at the end an elastomer tip 108. Said piston 104 corresponds substantially to the piston 40 of the solution described above. The tip 108 is abutted by the carriage 80 with its wall opposite the extension 88 provided with holes 90; according to the preferred embodiment of figure 35, the arm 94 bearing the wedge-shaped appendage 96 is provided with an integral extension 110, extending downwards and bent back at the end in the direction of the carriage 80. This extension defines, in addition to the screws 92, a stabilizing element of the arm 94, as it engages underneath to the body of the carriage 80; said extension 110 is provided with a window 112, through which the tip 108 of the piston 104 can abut the carriage 80, gradually braking the sliding and accompanying the wedge- shaped appendage 96 of the arm 94 to fit into the pincer or elastic clamp 98.

Figure 36 illustrates by way of example the arm 94 constrained to the carriage 80 by the screws 92, while figure 37 illustrates in exploded view the pincer 98, consisting of two opposite arms or semi-shells 114, 116 connected by rivets 118 or equivalent means. In each of said semi-shells a semi-circular profile seat is made, extending longitudinally, which accommodates and stabilizes a part of the piston body 104; to the outer face of the semi-shells 114 and 116, respective reinforcement plates 114', 116 1 , in metal or other suitable material are preferably fixed. Figure 38 illustrates, in a view from above, the condition in which the carriage 80 bearing the sliding door is reaching the end stop; the wedge-shaped appendage 96 is about to enter the mouth 102 of the pincer or elastic clamp 98 and the stem 106 of the piston 104 abuts said carriage, braking its stroke gradually. It follows that the sliding door does not violently abut the end stop and, at the same time, is properly stabilized following the insertion of the wedge-shaped appendage 96 into the recess defined by the pincer or elastic clamp 98. The latter is stabilized in the conventional extruded profile in which the carriage 80 slides in a known manner, typically by means of a grub screw 120.

As may be seen from the above, the advantages which the invention achieves are evident.

The device of the present invention allows the doors of a wardrobe to be effectively stabilised in total or partial opening and closure, whether two or three, while simultaneously performing a cushioned and progressive braking thereof. As a result of the advantageous presence of the pincers 44 and the complementary wedge-shaped appendages 48, in addition to said stabilisation of the doors, the precise reciprocal positioning of the same is also obtained, so as to ensure that the respective grips 26 and 28 remain adequately spaced from each other, do not impact and avoid the consequent risk of crushing the user's fingers. According to the alternative embodiment described above, the device of the invention also permits both the cushioned and progressive braking of a sliding door and the stabilization of said door at the end stop.

In the alternative embodiment in figures 35 to 38, the device allows the sliding door not to violently abut the end stop and stabilizes it appropriately following the insertion of the wedge- shaped appendage into the recess defined by the pincer or elastic clamp.

Despite the invention having been described above with particular reference to two of its embodiments, given solely by way of a non-limiting example, numerous modifications and variants will appear evident to a person skilled in the art in the light of the above description. The present invention therefore sets out to embrace all the modifications and variants which fall within the sphere and scope of the following claims.