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Title:
DEVICES AND METHODS FOR BUILDING PANEL DEFORMATION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/133571
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Methods and devices for modifying a building panel are disclosed. A solution is applied to a surface of the building panel. The solution consists of light alcohols. A force is applied to a portion of the building panel substantially normal to a horizontal plane of the panel. The force causes a deformation of the portion of the building panel.

Inventors:
DAVIDSON, Joseph, W (1530 Hillsdale Ave, Pittsburgh, PA, 15216, US)
WOLFF, Kenneth, J (3946 Sardis Rd, Murrysville, PA, 15668, US)
Application Number:
US2018/067447
Publication Date:
July 04, 2019
Filing Date:
December 24, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
TAPERED END, LP (3946 Sardis Rd, Murrysville, PA, 15668, US)
International Classes:
B05D1/02; C04B11/02; C04B24/02; C07C9/02; E04C2/12; E04C2/26; E04C2/30
Foreign References:
US20090142604A12009-06-04
CN100333841C2007-08-29
US20040038065A12004-02-26
US6319312B12001-11-20
US3409422A1968-11-05
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
DAVIS, Nathan (2863 S 400 E, Bountiful, UT, 84010, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A method for modifying a building panel comprising:

applying a solution comprising light alcohols to a surface of the building panel; and, applying a force to a portion of the building panel substantially normal to a horizontal plane of the panel, the force causing a deformation of the portion of the building panel.

2. The method of claim 1, wherein the light alcohols are selected from the group consisting of methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, n-butanol, sec-butanol, isobutanol, tert-butanol, and combinations thereof.

3. The method of claim 1, wherein the solution further comprises water.

4. The method of claim 3, wherein the surface comprises a facing paper and a backing paper and the building panels comprise a core of calcium sulfate hemaydrate between the facing paper and the backing paper.

5. The method of claim 4, wherein applying the solution to the facing paper, the backing

paper, or the facing paper and the backing paper hydrates a portion of the calcium sulfate hemaydrate to form calcium sulfate dihydrate.

6. The method of claim 5, wherein applying the force to the building panel causes the

deformation to occur in the calcium sulfate dihydrate.

7. The method of claim 6, further comprising drying the building panel to remove at least a portion of the solution from the building panel and restore at least a portion of the calcium sulfate dihydrate to the calcium sulfate hemahydrate.

8. The method of claim 1, wherein the deformation comprises compression of the portion of the building panel, embossing a pattern on the portion of the building panel, imprinting onto the portion of the building panel, curving of the portion of the building panel, reforming of the portion of the building panel, deforming of the portion of the building panel, or a combination thereof.

9. The method of claim 1, wherein the solution further comprises pH modifiers, salts, binders, or a combination thereof.

10. The method of claim 1, wherein the solution comprises between 20 wt% and 35 wt% of the light alcohols.

11. A device for modifying a building panel comprising:

a mounting structure on which the building panel is mounted;

a liquid applicator that applies a solution comprising light alcohols onto a surface of the building panel;

a force applicator that applies a force to a portion of the building panel substantially normal to a horizontal plane of the panel, the force causing a deformation of the portion of the building panel.

12. The device of claim 11, wherein the light alcohols are selected from the group consisting of methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, n-butanol, sec-butanol, isobutanol, tert-butanol, and combinations thereof.

13. The device of claim 11, wherein the solution further comprises water.

14. The device of claim 13, wherein the surface comprises a facing paper and a backing paper and the building panels comprise a core of calcium sulfate hemaydrate between the facing paper and the backing paper.

15. The device of claim 14, wherein the force applicator applies the solution to the facing paper, the backing paper, or the facing paper and the backing paper, hydrating a portion of the calcium sulfate hemaydrate to form calcium sulfate dihydrate.

16. The device of claim 15, wherein the force applicator causes the deformation to occur in the calcium sulfate dihydrate.

17. The device of claim 16, further comprising a dryer that dries the building panel to remove at least a portion of the solution from the building panel and restore at least a portion of the calcium sulfate dihydrate to the calcium sulfate hemahydrate.

18. The device of claim 11, wherein the deformation comprises compression of the portion of the building panel, embossing a pattern on the portion of the building panel, imprinting onto the portion of the building panel, curving of the portion of the building panel, reforming of the portion of the building panel, deforming of the portion of the building panel, or a combination thereof.

19. The device of claim 11, wherein the solution further comprises pH modifiers, salts, binders, or a combination thereof.

20. The device of claim 11, wherein the solution comprises between 20 wt% and 35 wt% of the light alcohols.

Description:
UNITED STATES PATENT APPLICATION

DEVICES AND METHODS FOR BUILDING PANEL DEFORMATION

DEVICES AND METHODS FOR BUILDING PANEL DEFORMATION

RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] The present application claims the benefit of the filing date of US Provisional Application 62/612,324, filed December 30, 2017.

TECHNICAL FIELD

[0002] The methods and devices described herein relate generally to building panel modifications.

BACKGROUND

[0003] Gypsum-based building panels, known by names such as drywall, Sheetrock ® , plasterboards, wallboards, gypsum panels, sheet rock, or gypsum boards, are panels made primarily from calcium sulfate dihydrate (gypsum) pressed and dehydrated (to the

hemahydrate) between a facer and a backer. These are typically thick sheets of paper. Additives are sometimes used to modify the chemistry of the gypsum for improved properties. These include fiberglass, paper, plasticizers, foaming agents, and other additives for reduced mildew, heightened fire resistance, and lower water absorption.

[0004] Gypsum-based building panels, known herein simply as "gypsum panels," are typically used for interior walls and ceilings. Gypsum panels are available for purchase with various thicknesses (e.g., 1/4", 3/8", 1/2", 5/8", 3/4", 1", in the U.S., with metric thicknesses from 9.5 mm to 25 mm). Gypsum panels are typically 48" wide by 96" long in the U.S., though widths of 54" and 96" and lengths of as much as 16' are available. Boards are typically thinner at the edges due to the edge-papering process, creating a taper; for example: to meet ASTM standards for the edge taper between 15/1000 and 75/1000.

[0005] As rooms are not typically built in a manner that gypsum panels will fit optimally, boards must be cut to fit. After cutting gypsum boards to shape and attaching them to the walls and ceilings, finishing typically involves taping the gaps, mudding the gaps, sanding the mud, and then painting over the sheetrock and mud. Normally, multiple stages of mudding are required to produce a smooth surface between adjacent panels.

SUMMARY

[0006] In a first aspect, the disclosure provides a method for modifying a building panel. A solution is applied to a surface of the building panel. The solution consists of light alcohols. A force is applied to a portion of the building panel substantially normal to a horizontal plane of the panel. The force causes a deformation of the portion of the building panel.

[0007] In a second aspect, the disclosure provides a device for modifying a building panel. The device includes a mounting structure on which the building panel is mounted, a liquid applicator that applies a solution of light alcohols onto a surface of the building panel, and a force applicator that applies a force to a portion of the building panel substantially normal to a horizontal plane of the panel. The force causes a deformation of the portion of the building panel.

[0008] Further aspects and embodiments are provided in the foregoing drawings, detailed description and claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0009] The following drawings are provided to illustrate certain embodiments described herein. The drawings are merely illustrative and are not intended to limit the scope of claimed inventions and are not intended to show every potential feature or embodiment of the claimed inventions. The drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale; in some instances, certain elements of the drawing may be enlarged with respect to other elements of the drawing for purposes of illustration.

[0010] Figure 1 is a diagram showing a method for compressing an edge of a gypsum panel. [0011] Figure 2 is a diagram showing a method for stamping a pattern in a gypsum panel.

[0012] Figure 3 is a diagram showing a method for shaping a gypsum panel into a curve. [0013] Figure 4A shows a top view of a table for deforming a building panel.

[0014] Figure 4B shows a right-side elevation view of the table of Figure 4A.

[0015] Figure 4C shows a front-elevation cross-sectional view of either of the press assemblies of the table of Figure 4A.

[0016] Figure 4D shows a front-elevation cross-sectional view of the liquid applicator of the table of Figure 4A.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0017] It will be readily understood that the components of the described devices, systems, and methods, as generally described and illustrated in the Figures herein, could be arranged and designed in a wide variety of different configurations. Thus, the following more detailed description of the embodiments of the described devices, systems, and methods, as

represented in the Figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the described devices, systems, and methods, as claimed, but is merely representative of certain examples of presently contemplated embodiments in accordance with the described devices, systems, and methods.

[0018] Gypsum-based building panels, referred to as "gypsum panels" herein, are used to provide smooth interior walls and ceilings in office and home construction. Gypsum panels, when cut to size, have differing edge thicknesses due to the thicker interior and thinner edges. As such, when panels are mounted and a thick, interior edge is butted up against a thin exterior edge or another thick interior edge, the junction does not provide a concave area that can readily be taped and mudded creating a smooth even plane, but rather, a large amount of mudding is required to attempt to produce a level transition between boards; which can never fully be attained since the required mudding creates a convex profile. Devices and methods to form, shape, and pattern gypsum panels are shown herein. These may be applied to uncut and cut boards. This forming, shaping, and patterning may involve compression, embossment, imprinting, curving, reforming and enhancing the gypsum panels. The term, "deforming," is used as a generic term to cover the forming, shaping, and patterning discussed. [0019] In a preferred embodiment, a solution of light alcohols in water is applied to the facing, backing, or both facing and backing paper of a gypsum panel. In other embodiments, the solution is applied to the edge or edges. The addition of the light alcohol solution facilitates the transport of water through the facing and/or backing paper and into the hemahydrate interior, hydrating the hemahydrate to produce the dihydrate. The dihydrate may be formed, shaped and patterned, while the hemahydrate is brittle and application of forces normal to the plane of the panel cracks the interior structure, resulting in broken gypsum panels. The moistened gypsum panels are formed, shaped, and patterned as desired.

[0020] Referring now to the Figures, Figure 1 is a diagram showing a method 100 for compressing an edge of a gypsum panel that may be used in the described devices and methods. At 101, a light alcohol solution is applied to the facing and the backing paper of a gypsum panel. At 102, the light alcohol solution passes through the facing and the backing paper into the calcium sulfate hemahydrate core of the gypsum panel. At 103, the

hemahydrate is at least partially hydrated to form the dihydrate. At 104, a compressive force is applied to the edge of the panel, compressing the edge of the panel to a desired thickness, gradient or taper. At 105, the compressive force is removed. At 106, the edge of the panel is dried to remove the light alcohol solution and return the calcium sulfate to the hemahydrate form. In some embodiments, the desired compression ranges from 5/1000 to 275/1000.

[0021] Referring now to Figure 2, Figure 2 is a diagram showing a method 200 for stamping a pattern in a gypsum panel that may be used in the described devices and methods. At 201, a light alcohol solution is applied to the facing paper of a gypsum panel. At 202, the light alcohol solution passes through the facing paper into the calcium sulfate hemahydrate core of the gypsum panel. At 203, the hemahydrate is at least partially hydrated to form the dihydrate. At 204, a stamp is pressed into the facing paper of the gypsum panel, leaving an imprinted pattern from the stamp in the gypsum panel. At 205, the stamp is removed. At 206, the gypsum panel is dried to remove the light alcohol solution and return the calcium sulfate to the hemahydrate form.

[0022] Referring now to Figure 3, Figure 3 is a diagram showing a method 300 for shaping a gypsum panel into a curve that may be used in the described devices and methods. At 301, a light alcohol solution is applied to the facing and backing paper of a first portion of a gypsum panel. At 302, the light alcohol solution passes through the facing paper into the calcium sulfate hemahydrate core of the gypsum panel. At 303, the hemahydrate is at least partially hydrated to form the dihydrate. At 304, the gypsum panel is placed against a form and the bottom of the first portion of the gypsum panel is locked to the form. At 305, a force is applied normal to the plane of the gypsum panel such that the first portion of the gypsum panel curves flush to the form. At 306, a second portion of the gypsum panel adjacent to the first portion is treated as in 301 through 303. At 307, the remainder of the first portion of the gypsum panel is locked to the form. At 308, a force is applied normal to the plane of the gypsum panel such that the second portion of the gypsum panel curves flush to the form. At 309, steps 301 through 308 are repeated for further portions of the gypsum panel until all portions of the gypsum panel are curved flush to the form. At 310, the locks are removed. At 311, the gypsum panel is dried to remove the light alcohol solution and return the calcium sulfate to the hemahydrate form.

[0023] In some embodiments, the light alcohol solution includes methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, n-butanol, sec-butanol, isobutanol, tert-butanol, or a combination thereof. In some embodiments, the water in the light alcohol solution has pH modifiers, salts, binders, or other additives to modify the light alcohol solution for increased permeability through the paper facing and backing.

[0024] In a preferred embodiment, the light alcohol solution has at least 2 wt% alcohol and at most 95 wt% alcohol. In a more preferred embodiment, the light alcohol solution has at least 5 wt% alcohol and at most 91 wt% alcohol. In a most preferred embodiment, the light alcohol solution has between 20-35 wt% alcohol.

[0025] In one example, a 5 wt% isopropanol solution is applied to the facing and/or backing paper. An application of 0.135 grams of the 30 wt% isopropanol solution per square inch of paper would be sufficient to provide formability, shape-ability, and/or pattern-ability to a typical 1/2" gypsum panel.

[0026] The duration that the light alcohol solution should be applied before forming, shaping, or compressing depends on the strength of the solution. The solution may be applied for as little as 1 to 2 seconds in the case of 25 wt%. The solution may need to be applied for five or more minutes in the case of 5 wt%.

[0027] The amount of force applied to the gypsum panel depends on the amount of light alcohol solution used. With a 25 wt% solution, as little as 10 psi will cause changes to the physical form of the gypsum panels. With a 5 wt% solution, greater forces may be required, depending on the desired effect. This may be as much as 20,000 psi or more, in some cases.

[0028] Referring now to Figure 4, Figure 4A shows a top view 400 of a table that may be used with the disclosed devices and methods. Figure 4B shows a right-side elevation view 401 of the table of Figure 4A. Figure 4C shows a front-elevation cross-sectional view 402 of either of the press assemblies of the table of Figure 4A. Figure 4D shows a front-elevation cross-sectional view 403 of the liquid applicator of the table of Figure 4A. The table 10 includes two press assemblies 12, a liquid applicator arm 14, a liquid applicator 16, and a liquid trough 18. In some embodiments, the liquid applicator 16 is a sponge. In other embodiments, the liquid applicator 16 may be a spray nozzle with the liquid trough 18 replaced by a hose that attaches to the spray nozzle. The liquid applicator 16 travels back and forth across the liquid applicator arm 14 to spread a liquid solution across the surface of a building panel 40. The building panel 40 is moved (not shown) so that the surface on which liquid has been applied is moved under one of the two press assemblies 12. The press assemblies 12 have a piston 20 that pushes the platten 24 against the building panel 40, applying a force to the building panel 40 that is substantially normal to the plane of the building panel 40. Springs 22 pull the platten 24 back after pressing the building panel 40. The force applied by the platten 24 deforms the building panel as desired. In some embodiments, the platten 24 has a pattern on the bottom surface of the platten 24 which is embossed into the surface of the building panel 40. In other embodiments, the platten 24 will press evenly across the building panel 40, causing the building panel 40 to be pressed to a uniform thickness.

[0029] The table 10 of Figure 4 is one example of a mounting structure. In other embodiments, the mounting structure could be a curved surface around which the building panel 40 could be curved. [0030] In other embodiments, the mounting structure is portable and is mounted to a cut edge of the building panel after the liquid solution is applied to the cut edge of the building panel. The mounting structure then compresses only a portion of the building panel, in this instance, the edge of the building panel. In this manner, the edge of the building panel is compressed to the same thickness as an uncut edge of the building panel. Once the building panel is mounted on the wall or ceiling, the cut edge has the same thickness as any adjacent uncut edge, allowing for mudding and taping of the joints to be easier, faster, and therefore cheaper.

[0031] In some embodiments, the compressing, forming, and shaping methods are

accomplished using automatic equipment. For example, the light alcohol solution may be sprayed by an automatic spraying system onto the gypsum panels. The treated gypsum panel may then be placed into a device that automatically applies the force to the panel needed to compress, form, or shape the gypsum panel, as needed.

[0032] In some embodiments, a dye is added to the solution to indicate where solution has been applied.

[0033] In some embodiments, an ink jet system is used for the liquid applicator.

[0034] All patents and published patent applications referred to herein are incorporated herein by reference. The invention has been described with reference to various specific and preferred embodiments and techniques. Nevertheless, it is understood that many variations and modifications may be made while remaining within the spirit and scope of the invention.