Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
DIFFERENTIAL PITCH CLEARING SAW BLADE AND CLEARING SAW
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/147181
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A wood-clearing saw blade is provided. The wood-clearing saw blade being a differential pitch circular saw blade having an alternate set characterized in that the saw blade comprises a number of teeth being a multiple of a tooth factor, the teeth being of equal length and wherein the teeth angled to a first side of the saw blade are arranged relative each other at a distance, wherein the maximum distance between two consecutive teeth angled to the first side is at least 1.15 times the minimum distance between two consecutive teeth angled to the first side and at the most 1.35 times the minimum distance between two consecutive teeth angled to the first side, and wherein the teeth angled to the opposite second side of the saw blade are shifted relative the teeth angled to the first side. Furthermore a wood-clearing saw is provided, comprising the above wood-clearing saw blade.

Inventors:
HAGBERG, Albin (Solstickegatan 12, Jönköping, 55314, SE)
Application Number:
SE2019/050057
Publication Date:
August 01, 2019
Filing Date:
January 28, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
HUSQVARNA AB (Drottninggatan 2, Huskvarna, 56182, SE)
International Classes:
B27B33/08; B23D61/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO2016178307A12016-11-10
Foreign References:
EP3075480A12016-10-05
JP2000102902A2000-04-11
US20060271231A12006-11-30
US4436009A1984-03-13
Other References:
None
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A wood-clearing saw blade (1) being a differential pitch circular saw blade having an alternate set characterized in that

the saw blade comprises a number of teeth (lOa-l, l2a-l) being a multiple of a tooth factor (X), the teeth being of equal length and wherein

the teeth angled to a first side of the saw blade (lOa-l) are arranged relative each other at a distance, wherein the maximum (amax) distance between two consecutive teeth angled to the first side is at least 1.15 times the minimum distance (amin) between two consecutive teeth angled to the first side and at the most 1.35 times the minimum distance (amin) between two consecutive teeth angled to the first side, and wherein

the teeth angled to the opposite second side of the saw blade (l2a-l) are shifted relative the teeth angled to the first side (lOa-l).

2. The wood-clearing saw blade of claim 1, wherein the teeth angled to the second side of the saw blade (l2a-l) are arranged at the same relative distances to one another as the teeth angled to the first side (lOa-l).

3. The wood-clearing saw blade of claim 1 or 2, wherein the shift between the teeth angled to the first side (lOa-l) and the teeth angled to the second side (l2a-l) corresponds to the sum of the maximum distance (amax) and the minimum distance (amin), the sum being divided by four, with a margin of plus/minus 5, 10, 15, 0 to 5, 0 to 10, 0 to 15, 5 to 10, 5 to 15 or 10 to 15 percent.

4. The wood-clearing saw blade of any previous claim, wherein the tooth factor

(X) is 4.

5. The wood-clearing saw blade of any previous claim, wherein the teeth angled to the first side (lOa-l) are at one of two alternating distances to a consecutive tooth angled to the first side.

6. The wood-clearing saw blade of any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the teeth angled to the first side (lOa-l) are partitioned in a first and a second subgroup, wherein the teeth in the first subgroup are at a same distance to the next tooth in the first subgroup and wherein the teeth in the second subgroup are at one of two alternating distances to a consecutive tooth in the second subgroup.

7. The wood-clearing saw blade of any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the teeth angled to the first side (lOa-l) are partitioned in any number of subgroups, wherein the teeth in a subgroup are at one of any number of alternating distances to a consecutive tooth in the same subgroup and each subgroup have different sets of pitches between two consecutive teeth.

8. The wood-clearing saw blade of any previous claim, wherein at least 30% of all pitches are within 1.15 and 1.35 of the minimum distance (amin).

9. The wood-clearing saw blade of any previous claim, wherein at least 30% of all pitches are within 1 and 1.1 of the minimum distance (amin). 10. A wood-clearing saw (2) comprising a wood-clearing saw blade (1) according to any of claims 1 to 9.

Description:
DIFFERENTIAL PITCH CLEARING SAW BLADE AND CLEARING SAW

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to a differential pitch clearing saw blade for cutting wood. The invention also relates to a wood-clearing saw comprising the differential pitch clearing saw blade.

BACKGROUND

There are many different clearing saw blades for cutting wood available today.

However, they suffer from a common problem called regenerative chatter. As the wood is cut by the saw blade, regenerative oscillation can happen. This means that the saw blade vibrates near a natural -frequency of the teeth that can cause the teeth of the blade to cut the wood at different widths as the cutting process continues, eventually ending up with streaks along the cut edge (wash boarding) that come from the cut being uneven in its width. This leads to higher energy consumption, wear on the saw blade, loss of teeth setting, heating of the blade and vibrations that can cause discomfort and injury for a user when operating a handheld saw such as a clearing saw. It would be desirable to provide a clearing saw blade that does not suffer from regenerative chatter.

SUMMARY

The present invention seeks to solve the problem of regenerative chatter, but also to mitigate other problems arising from vibrations and similar problems. According to a first aspect of the invention, the problem is solved by a wood-clearing saw blade being a differential pitch circular saw blade having an alternate set. The blade is characterized in that it comprises a number of teeth being a multiple of a tooth factor, the teeth being of equal length and wherein the teeth angled to a first side of the saw blade are arranged relative each other at a distance. Further, the maximum distance between two consecutive teeth angled to the first side is at least 1.15 times the minimum distance amin between two consecutive teeth angled to the first side and at the most

1.35 times the minimum distance amin between two consecutive teeth angled to the first side. Also, the teeth angled to the opposite second side of the saw blade are shifted relative the teeth angled to the first side.

The inventor of this patent application has, after careful and insightful reasoning, realized that by keeping the length of the teeth equal, the blade is simpler to manufacture and its characteristics are easier to determine. The inventor has also after further reasoning found that regenerative chatter is minimized at a reasonable rotation speed of the saw blade in use by limiting the maximum distance between two consecutive teeth relative to the minimum distance between two consecutive teeth. By using a blade with an alternating set of angled teeth, kerf will be thicker than the blade itself, thereby reducing friction and by shifting the angled teeth relative each other the blade is simpler to manufacture. Using an alternating set of angled teeth is generally considered beneficial, but has a problem in that regenerative chatter is known to degrade the setting of the teeth, meaning that recurring maintenance is required. This long standing problem has been around since the first use of differential pitch saw blades with set teeth.

In one example embodiment, the teeth angled to the second side of the saw blade are arranged at the same relative distances to one another as the teeth angled to the first side.

This will balance the blade and make sure that both sets of teeth are cutting at optimal speeds for minimizing regenerative chatter.

In a second example embodiment, the shift between the teeth angled to the first side and the teeth angled to the second side corresponds to the sum of the maximum distance and the minimum distance, the sum being divided by four, with a margin of plus/minus 5, 10, 15, 0 to 5, 0 to 10, 0 to 15, 5 to 10, 5 to 15 or 10 to 15 percent.

This will further balance the blade by making sure that each tooth angled to the first side is roughly situated in the middle of two teeth angled to the second side, and vice versa. This will further balance the blade and make it easier to fit all of the teeth in order to simplify manufacturing. This will also enable the residual cut wood to more easily be removed, such as when transporting residuals from previous cuts. It also improves how the residual cut wood is removed from the teeth during cutting.

In another example embodiment, the tooth factor is four. This means that the amount of teeth angled to one side is a multiple of two, which further helps with manufacturing and balancing.

In the next embodiment, the teeth angled to the first side are at one of two alternating distances to a consecutive tooth angled to the first side.

Alternating between two different distances is here intended to mean that a group of teeth angled to one side and being a multiple of two are distanced to each other so that the distance between the first and second tooth is A, the second and third is B, the third and fourth is A, the fourth and fifth is B and so on so that every second tooth in a sequence has one distance to the next tooth and another distance to the previous tooth and each other tooth in the sequence has the same two distances to the next/previous tooth, but the order is switched.

The inventor of this patent application has, after careful and insightful reasoning, realized that this alternation will minimize regenerative chatter.

In yet another example embodiment the teeth angled to the first side are partitioned in a first and a second subgroup, wherein the teeth in the first subgroup are at a same distance to the next tooth in the first subgroup and wherein the teeth in the second subgroup are at one of two alternating distances to a consecutive tooth in the second subgroup.

The inventor of this patent application has realized that these subgroups will further minimize regenerative chatter.

In one more example embodiment the teeth angled to the first side are partitioned in any number of subgroups, wherein the teeth in a subgroup are at one of any number of alternating distances to a consecutive tooth in the same subgroup and each subgroup have different sets of pitches between two consecutive teeth.

The different sets of pitches are to be interpreted as unique sets of any number of pitches greater than zero, where the case of a set of one pitch leads to a subgroup of equidistant teeth and the case of a set of more than two pitches leads to a sequence of teeth whose amount is a multiple of the number of pitches in the set and the distance between the teeth will follow a specific order from among the pitches in the set until all of the distances are used once, then the sequence may possibly be repeated. This is a further generalization of the previous embodiment, since the inventor has found that several different amounts of subgroups and sets of pitches for subgroups have shown to reduce regenerative chatter.

In another example embodiment, at least 30% of all pitches are within 1.15 and 1.40 of the minimum distance.

The inventor of this patent application has realized that this will further reduce regenerative chatter.

In yet another example embodiment, at least 30% of all pitches are within 1 and 1.1 of the minimum distance.

The inventor of this patent application has realized that this will further reduce regenerative chatter.

According to a second aspect of this invention, a wood-clearing saw comprising a wood-clearing blade with some or all of the features above would provide a handheld saw without the problems associated with regenerative chatter.

A handheld saw is especially sensitive to regenerative chatter, as the vibrations caused by it can cause lasting damage to the user. This is further motivation for reducing the regenerative chatter in the present invention. In addition, for a handheld saw that is powered by another power source than a combustion engine, such as an electrically powered hand-held saw, the vibrations caused by the cutting equipment will become more prominent as in electrically powered hand-held saws the cutting equipment generate the bulk of the vibrations, not the power source, contrary to combustion powered saws. The teachings herein thus find particular use with electrically powered hand-held saws. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Having thus described the invention in general terms, reference will now be made to the accompanying drawings, which are not necessarily drawn to scale, and wherein:

Figure 1 illustrates a schematic view of a clearing saw blade with twelve teeth which are alternatingly set, according to an example embodiment. Figure 2 illustrates a schematic view of a clearing saw blade with sixteen teeth which are alternatingly set, where only the eight angled to a first side is shown according to an example embodiment.

Figure 3 illustrates a schematic view of a clearing saw blade with eighteen teeth which are alternatingly set, where only the nine angled to a first side is shown according to an example embodiment.

Figure 4 illustrates a schematic view of a clearing saw blade with twenty-four teeth which are alternatingly set, according to an example embodiment.

Figure 5 illustrates a schematic view of a wood-clearing saw comprising a wood-clearing blade according to an example embodiment.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The disclosed embodiments will now be described more fully hereinafter with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which certain embodiments are shown. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided by way of example so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope to those skilled in the art. Like numbers refer to like elements throughout, unless stated otherwise.

Figure 1 shows a circular clearing saw blade 1 with twelve teeth lOa-f, l2a-f which are alternatingly set. Half of the teeth are angled to a first side lOa-f of the blade and the other half is angled to a second side l2a-f. All of the teeth are of equal length and shape, the only variable parameter for the differential pitch of the blade is the distance between two consecutive teeth angled to the same side. In this embodiment, the teeth angled to the second side l2a-f of the blade are arranged at different relative distances to one another than the teeth angled to the first side lOa-f. The teeth angled to the second side l2a-f have a subgroup of five equidistant teeth l2b-f and one tooth that is shifted l2a so that it is closer to one tooth l2f, thereby creating a minimum distance amin between them and farther away from another tooth l2b, thereby creating a maximum distance amax between them. The teeth angled to the first side lOa-f have a subgroup of four equidistant teeth lOa-d and two shifted teeth lOe-f so that one of the shifted teeth lOf is closer to the next tooth lOa, thereby creating a minimum distance amin between them and another of the shifted teeth lOe is farther away from the previous tooth lOd, thereby creating a maximum distance amax between them.

Figure 2 shows a circular clearing saw blade 1 with sixteen teeth which are alternatingly set, where only the teeth angled to a first side lOa-h are shown. These teeth alternate between two distances, a minimum amin and maximum amax distance, where every tooth has a minimum distance amin to the next or previous tooth and a maximum distance amax to the other of the previous or next tooth. The teeth angled to a second side (not shown) are shifted from the teeth shown lOa-h according to

( amax + amin ) /4 and may have the same relative distances to one another as the teeth angled to the first side, but may also not.

Figure 3 shows a circular clearing saw blade 1 with eighteen teeth which are alternatingly set, where only the teeth angled to a first side lOa-i are shown. These teeth are divided into two subgroups, a first subgroup lOa-lOf with alternating distances a, amax between two consecutive teeth and a second subgroup lOg-i with one distance amin between two consecutive teeth. The teeth angled to a second side (not shown) may or may not be shifted from the teeth shown lOa-h according to ( amax + amin ) /4 and may or may not have the same relative distances to one another as the teeth angled to the first side.

Figure 4 shows a circular clearing saw blade 1 with twenty-four teeth lOa-l, l2a-l which are alternatingly set. Half of the teeth are angled to a first side lOa-l and the other half is angled to a second side l2a-l. All of the teeth are of equal length and shape and the teeth angled to the second side of the saw blade are arranged at the same relative distances to one another as the teeth angled to the first side. The teeth angled to the first side alternate between two distances, a minimum amin (26.55°) and maximum amax (33.45°) distance, where every tooth has a minimum distance amin to the next or previous tooth and a maximum distance amax to the other of the previous or next tooth. The teeth angled to the second side of the saw blade are shifted (26.55° + 33.45°)/4 = 15° from the teeth angled to the first side. Especially in handheld saws, such as clearing saws, the vibrations and power consumption problems are of special concern. The sawblade of the present invention thus finds great use in handheld saws, such as the clearing saw of Figure 5. Figure 5 illustrates a clearing saw 2 with the circular clearing saw blade 1 of the present invention. The clearing saw 2 has a handle 20 for holding the saw and a trigger 22 for controlling the speed of the blade’s rotation. This is merely one possible embodiment of the clearing saw, the handle may for example instead be a shaft and the trigger can be any type of actuator set. The clearing saw of the present invention may also have many other features that are not shown in Figure 5.

The clearing saw blade and the clearing saw itself has above only been described within the context of cutting wood, however the inventor has realized that concrete sawing also has similar problems with regenerative chatter. Therefore a clearing saw blade suitable for sawing wood is also suitable for sawing concrete. In this embodiment, reducing vibrations is especially beneficial as vibrations are a long- standing problem for handheld concrete sawing.

Many modifications and other embodiments of the inventions set forth herein will come to mind to one skilled in the art to which these inventions pertain having the benefit of the teachings presented in the foregoing descriptions and the associated drawings. Therefore, it is to be understood that the inventions are not to be limited to the specific embodiments disclosed and that modifications and other embodiments are intended to be included within the scope of the appended claims. Moreover, although the foregoing descriptions and the associated drawings describe exemplary

embodiments in the context of certain exemplary combinations of elements and/or functions, it should be appreciated that different combinations of elements and/or functions may be provided by alternative embodiments without departing from the scope of the appended claims. In this regard, for example, different combinations of elements and/or functions than those explicitly described above are also contemplated as may be set forth in some of the appended claims. In cases where advantages, benefits or solutions to problems are described herein, it should be appreciated that such advantages, benefits and/or solutions may be applicable to some example embodiments, but not necessarily all example embodiments. Thus, any advantages, benefits or solutions described herein should not be thought of as being critical, required or essential to all embodiments or to that which is claimed herein. Although specific terms are employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and not for purposes of limitation.