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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
DIOL LATEX COMPOSITIONS AND MODIFIED CONDENSATION POLYMERS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2000/052082
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
In a first aspect, the invention provides a diol latex composition comprising: (a) latex polymer particles comprising a residue of an ethylenically unsaturated monomer, wherein the latex polymer particles have a size below 1000 nm; (b) a surfactant; and (c) a continuous liquid phase comprising a diol component, wherein the diol component comprises from 60 to 100 % by weight of the continuous phase, wherein the latex polymer particles are dispersed in the continuous phase. In a next aspect, the invention provides a method of making a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix comprising the steps of: (a) preparing a polymer colloid system comprising a first polymer dispersed in a liquid continuous phase; and (b) introducing the polymer colloid system into a condensation reaction medium prior to or during the condensation reaction, wherein the condensation reaction medium comprises (1) a diacid, di-isocyanate, dialkyl carbonate, diaryl carbonate, dihalo carbonate or a mixture thereof, wherein the liquid continuous phase, the condensation reaction medium or both comprises a diol component; and (c) polymerizing the diol component and component b(1), thereby forming a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix.

Inventors:
Murray, David Logan (499 Painter Road Fall Branch, TN, 37656, US)
Jones, Allan Scott (310 Cherry Hill Road Limestone, TN, 37681, US)
Hale, Wesley R. (1425 Holyoke Street Kingsport, TN, 37664, US)
Darnell, William R. (P.O. Box 2206 Weber City, VA, 24290, US)
Carico Jr., Douglas Weldon (217 Timberland Circle Kingsport, TN, 37664, US)
Wells, Sara Stanley (1709 Duke Street Kingsport, TN, 37665, US)
Webster, Dean Charles (3517 Celtic Court Kingsport, TN, 37660, US)
Application Number:
PCT/US2000/005472
Publication Date:
September 08, 2000
Filing Date:
March 02, 2000
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
EASTMAN CHEMICAL COMPANY (100 North Eastman Road Kingsport, TN, 37660, US)
Murray, David Logan (499 Painter Road Fall Branch, TN, 37656, US)
Jones, Allan Scott (310 Cherry Hill Road Limestone, TN, 37681, US)
Hale, Wesley R. (1425 Holyoke Street Kingsport, TN, 37664, US)
Darnell, William R. (P.O. Box 2206 Weber City, VA, 24290, US)
Carico Jr., Douglas Weldon (217 Timberland Circle Kingsport, TN, 37664, US)
Wells, Sara Stanley (1709 Duke Street Kingsport, TN, 37665, US)
Webster, Dean Charles (3517 Celtic Court Kingsport, TN, 37660, US)
International Classes:
C08F2/08; C08F2/16; C08F2/22; C08F2/24; C08F2/32; C08F2/44; C08G18/08; C08G63/00; C08G63/91; C08G85/00; C08J3/00; C08J11/24; C08K3/00; C08K5/053; C08K5/06; C08K5/42; C08K7/14; C08L31/00; C08L33/00; C08L57/00; C08L67/00; C08L67/02; C08L69/00; C08L75/04; C08L77/12; C09D5/00; C09D11/00; C09D11/10; C09D157/00; C09D201/00; (IPC1-7): C08J3/00
Foreign References:
US4568616A1986-02-04
US5559159A1996-09-24
US4259478A1981-03-31
US5300555A1994-04-05
US5061766A1991-10-29
US4458050A1984-07-03
US5250621A1993-10-05
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Katz, Mitchell A. (Needle & Rosenberg, P.C. The Candler Building Suite 1200 127 Peachtree Street N.E. Atlanta, GA, 30303-1811, US)
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Claims:
What is claimed is:
1. A method of making a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix comprising the steps of: a) preparing a polymer colloid system comprising a first polymer dispersed in a liquid continuous phase; b) introducing the polymer colloid system into a glycolysis reaction medium prior to or during the glycolysis reaction wherein the glycolysis reaction medium comprises a polyester, copolyester, polyesteramide, polycarbonate or a mixture thereof ; wherein the liquid continuous phase, the gylcolysis reaction medium, or both comprises a diol component; and c) polymerizing the fully or partially glycolyzed polyester, copolyester, polyesteramide, polycarbonate or mixture thereof, thereby providing a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix.
2. The method of claim 1, wherein the polymer colloid system is introduced into the glycolysis reaction medium at the beginning of the glycolysis reaction.
3. The method of claim 1, wherein the polymer colloid system is introduced into the glycolysis reaction medium during the glycolysis reaction.
4. The method of claim 1, wherein the polymer colloid system is introduced into the glycolysis reaction medium at the end of the glycolysis reaction.
5. The method of claim 1, wherein the first polymer comprises a residue of an ethylenically unsaturated monomer.
6. The method of claim 1, wherein the continuous phase comprises a diol component.
7. to about 50% by weight diol.
8. The method of claim 1, wherein the continuous phase comprises from about 10 to about 75% by weight diol.
9. The method of claim 1, wherein the continuous phase comprises from about 10 to about 95% by weight diol.
10. The method of claim 1, wherein the polymer colloid system continuous phase and the glycolysis reaction medium both comprise diol.
11. A diol latex composition comprising: (a) latex polymer particles comprising a residue of an ethylenically unsaturated monomer, wherein the latex polymer particles have a size below 1000 nm; (b) a surfactant; and (c) a continuous liquid phase comprising a diol component, wherein the diol component comprises from 60 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase; wherein the latex polymer particles are dispersed in the continuous phase.
12. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the diol latex composition does not contain a polymeric stabilizer.
13. The diol composition of claim 1, wherein the surfactant comprises an anionic, cationic, nonionic surfactant or a mixture thereof.
14. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the surfactant comprises a polymerizable or nonpolymerizable alkyl ethoxylate sulfate; alkyl phenol ethoxylate sulfate; alkyl ethoxylate; alkyl phenol ethoxylate or a mixture thereof.
15. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the latex particles comprise functional groups.
16. The diol latex composition of claim 15, wherein the functional groups comprise an epoxy group; an acetoacetoxy group; a carbonate group; a hydroxyl group; an amine group; an isocyanate group; an amide group; or a mixture thereof.
17. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the latex polymer particles are crosslinked.
18. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the latex polymer is a core shell polymer.
19. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the latex polymer is a non core shell polymer.
20. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise a residue of a nonacid vinyl monomer, acid vinyl monomer or a mixture thereof.
21. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise a residue of a nonacid vinyl monomer of an acetoacetoxy ethyl methacrylate; acetoacetoxy ethyl acrylate; methyl acrylate; methyl methacrylate; ethyl acrylate; ethyl methacrylate; butyl acrylate; butyl methacrylate; isobutyl acrylate; isobutyl methacrylate; ethylhexl acrylate; 2 ethylhexyl methacrylate; 2ethyl hexyl acrylate; isoprene; octyl acrylate; octyl methacrylate; isooctyl acrylate; isooctyl methacrylate; trimethyolpropyl triacrylate; styrene;methyl styrene; glycidyl methacrylate; carbodiimide methacrylate ; C,C, 8 alkyl crotonates; dinbutyl maleate; aorpvinyl naphthalene, dioctylmaleate ; allyl methacrylate; diallyl maleate; di allylmalonate; methyoxybutenyl methacrylate; isobornyl methacrylate; hydroxybutenyl methacrylate; hydroxyethyl (meth) acrylate; vinyl acetate; vinyl ethylene carbonate; epoxy butene; 3,4dihydroxybutene; hydroxyethyl (meth) acrylate; methacrylamide; acrylamide; butyl acrylamide; ethyl acrylamide; butadiene; vinyl (meth) acrylates; isopropenyl (meth) acrylate; cycloaliphaticepoxy (meth) acrylates; ethylformamide; 4vinyl1,3dioxolan2 one; 2,2dimethyl4 vinyl1,3dioxolate; 3,4diacetoxy1butene, or a mixture thereof.
22. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise a residue of 2ethylhexyl acrylate, styrene, methyl methacrylate, butylacrylate, ethyl acrylate, butyl methacrylate, or a mixture thereof.
23. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise a residue of acid vinyl monomers of acrylic acid; methacrylic acid; itaconic acid; crotonic acid; or a mixture thereof.
24. The diol latex compositions of claim 1, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise residues of monomers of acrylates; methacrylates; styrene; vinylchloride; vinylidene chloride; acrylonitrile; vinyl acetate; butadiene; isoprene; or a mixture thereof.
25. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the diol component comprises an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic diol having from 2 to 10 carbon atoms, or a mixture thereof.
26. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the diol component comprises ethylene diol; 1,3trimethylene diol; propylene diol; tripropylene diol; 1,4 butanediol; 1,5pentanediol; 1,6 hexanediol; 1,7heptanediol; 1,8octanediol; 1,9nonanediol; neopentyl diol; cisor trans cyclohexanedimethanol, cis or trans diethylene diol; or a mixture thereof.
27. ethylene diol, propylene diol, tripropylene diol, 1,4butanediol, diethylene diol, neopentyl diol, cyclohexanedimethanol; or a mixture thereof.
28. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the diol component comprises neopentyl diol, ethylene diol, cis or trans cyclohexane dimethanol, 1,4 butanediol; or a mixture thereof.
29. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the diol component is from 65 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
30. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the diol component is from 75 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
31. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the diol component is from 90 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
32. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the diol component is 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
33. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the continuous phase further comprises a cosolvent comprising less than or equal to 40% by weight of the continuous phase.
34. The diol latex composition of claim 33, wherein the cosolvent comprises water, methanol, ethanol, propanol, nbutanol; or a mixture thereof.
35. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the latex polymer particles have a weight average molecular weight of from 1,000 to 1,000,000 as determined by gel permeation chromatography.
36. The diol latex composition of claim 1, wherein the continuous phase further comprises a polyol.
37. A coating composition comprising the diol latex composition of claim 1.
38. An ink vehicle composition comprising the diol latex composition of claim 1.
39. A process for the preparation of the diol latex composition of claim 1, comprising the steps of : a) preparing an emulsion comprising a monomer used to prepare the latex polymer, an initiator, a surfactant, and a continuous phase wherein the continuous phase is from 60 to 100% by weight of a diol component; and b) heating the emulsion to polymerize the latex monomer, thereby forming the diol latex composition.
40. The process of claim 39, herein the monomer is added in more than one stage.
41. The process of claim 39, wherein the emulsion further comprises a crosslinking agent.
42. The process of claim 41, wherein the crosslinking agent comprises a multifunctional unsaturated compound.
43. The process of claim 41, wherein the crosslinking agent comprises divinyl benzene; allyl methacrylate; allyl acrylate; a multifunctional acrylate or a mixture thereof.
44. The process of claim 39, wherein the emulsion further comprises a buffering agent.
45. The process of claim 44, wherein the buffering agent comprises ammonium salts of carbonates, sodium salts of carbonates, ammonium salts of bicarbonates or a mixture thereof.
46. (a) latex polymer particles comprising a residue of an ethylenically unsaturated monomer, wherein the latex polymer particles have a size below 1000 nm; (b) a surfactant; and (c) a liquid continuous phase comprising a diol component, wherein the diol component is from 40 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase, and wherein the diol component consists essentially of tripropylene diol, 1,4 butanediol, neopentyl diol, cyclohexanedimethanol or a mixture thereof, and wherein the latex particles are dispersed in the continuous phase.
47. The diol latex composition of claim 46, wherein the diol component is from 50 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
48. The diol latex composition of claim 46, wherein the diol is from 65 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
49. A coating composition comprising the diol latex composition of claim 46.
50. An ink vehicle composition comprising the diol latex composition of claim 46.
51. A method of making a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix comprising the steps of : (a) preparing a polymer colloid system comprising a first polymer dispersed in a liquid continuous phase; (b) introducing the polymer colloid system into a condensation reaction medium prior to or during the condensation reaction, wherein the condensation reaction medium comprises (1) a diacid, diisocyanate, dialkyl carbonate, diaryl carbonate, dihalo carbonate or a mixture thereof, wherein the liquid continuous phase, the condensation reaction medium or both comprises a diol component; and (c) polymerizing the diol component and component b (1), thereby forming a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix.
52. The method of claim 51, wherein the liquid continuous phase comprises a diol component.
53. The method of claim 52, wherein the liquid continuous phase is from 25 to 100% by weight of the diol component.
54. The method of claim 52, wherein the liquid continuous phase is from 50 to 100% by weight of the diol component.
55. The method of claim 52, wherein the liquid continuous phase is from 75 to 100 % by weight of the diol component.
56. The method of claim 52, wherein the liquid continuous phase is from 90 to 100% by weight of the diol component.
57. The method of claim 52, wherein the liquid continuous phase consists essentially of the diol component.
58. The method of claim 51, wherein the diol component comprises an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic diol having from 2 to 10 carbon atoms or a mixture thereof.
59. The method of claim 51, wherein the diol component comprises ethylene diol; 1,3propylene diol; tripropylene diol; 1,4butanediol; 1,5 pentanediol; 1,6 hexanediol; 1,7heptanediol; 1,8octanediol; 1,9nonanediol; neopentyl diol; cisor trans cyclohexanedimethanol; cis or trans 2,2,4,4 tetramethyl1, 3 cyclobutanediol; diethylene diol or a mixture thereof.
60. The method of claim 51, wherein the diol component comprises ethylene diol; propylene diol ; tripropylene diol; 1,4butanediol; diethylene diol; neopentyl diol; cis or trans cyclohexanedimethanol or a mixture thereof.
61. ethylene diol, cis or trans cyclohexanedimethanol, 1,4 butanediol or a mixture thereof.
62. The method of claim 51, wherein the diol component is in the liquid continuous phase, and the liquid continuous phase consists essentially of the diol component.
63. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation reaction medium comprises a diol component.
64. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises a residue of an ethylenically unsaturated monomer.
65. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises a residue of a nonacid vinyl monomer, an acid vinyl monomer or a mixture thereof.
66. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises a residue of a nonacid vinyl monomer of acetoacetoxy ethyl methacrylate; acetoacetoxy ethyl acrylate; methyl acrylate; methyl methacrylate; ethyl acrylate; ethyl methacrylate; butyl acrylate; butyl methacrylate; isobutyl acrylate; isobutyl methacrylate; ethylhexyl acrylate; 2ethylhexyl methacrylate; 2ethyl hexyl acrylate; isoprene; octyl acrylate; octyl methacrylate; isooctyl acrylate; iso octyl methacrylate; trimethyolpropyl triacrylate; styrene; amethyl styrene; glycidyl methacrylate; carbodiimide methacrylate; CjCig alkyi crotonates; din butyl maleate; aorpvinyl naphthalene; dioctylmaleate; allyl methacrylate; diallyl maleate; diallylmalonate; methyoxybutenyl methacrylate; isobornyl methacrylate; hydroxybutenyl methacrylate; hydroxyethyl (meth) acrylate; hydroxypropyl (meth) acrylate; acrylonitrile; vinyl chloride; vinylidene chloride; vinyl acetate; vinyl ethylene carbonate; epoxy butene; 3,4dihydroxybutene; hydroxyethyl (meth) acrylate; methacrylamide; acrylamide; butyl acrylamide; ethyl acrylamide; butadiene; vinyl (meth) acrylates; isopropenyl (meth) acrylate; cycloaliphaticepoxy (meth) acrylates; ethylformamide; 4vinyl1, 3dioxolan2 thereof.
67. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises a residue of an acid vinyl monomer of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, itaconic acid, crotonic acid, or a mixture thereof.
68. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises 50 to 100% of butyl acrylate, isoprene, butadiene, acrylonitrile, styrene or 2ethyl hexyl acrylate.
69. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises 80 to 100% of butyl acrylate, isoprene, butadiene, acrylonitrile, styrene or 2ethyl hexyl acrylate.
70. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises a residue of an acrylate; methacrylate; styrene; vinylchloride; vinylidene chloride; acrylonitrile; vinyl acetate; butadiene; isoprene or a mixture thereof.
71. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises a residue of 2 ethylhexyl acrylate.
72. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises a functional group capable of reacting with diacid, diisocyanate, diarylcarbonate, dialkylcarbonate, dihalocarbonate, or the diol component.
73. The method of claim 72, wherein the functional group comprises epoxy, acid, hydroxyl, isocyanate, amine, amide, carbonate groups or a mixture thereof.
74. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system is crosslinked.
75. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer is a core shell polymer.
76. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system continuous phase and the condensation reaction medium both comprise a diol component.
77. The method of claim 51, wherein component (b) (1) comprises a diacid, thereby forming a polyester for the condensation polymer.
78. The method of claim 78, wherein the polyester comprises an acid residue and a diol residue.
79. The method of claim 78, wherein the polyester further comprises a modifying residue.
80. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system is a latex composition prepared by emulsion polymerization.
81. The method of claim 51, wherein the first polymer comprises a core shell polymer.
82. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation polymer/first polymer matrix is a transparent or semitransparent material.
83. The method of claim 51, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of water.
84. The method of claim 51, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of diol.
85. The method of claim 51, wherein the latex polymer comprises a functional group capable of reacting with diacid, diisocyanate, diarylcarbonate, dialkylcarbonate, dihalocarbonate, or the diol component.
86. acid, hydroxyl, amine, amide, carbonate group or a mixture thereof.
87. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg above 40 °C.
88. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg below 0°C and has essentially no crystallinity.
89. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg below20 °C and has essentially no crystallinity.
90. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation polymer/first polymer matrix comprises a condensation polymer with a Tg of below 40 °C and a first polymer with a Tg of above 40 °C.
91. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation polymer/first polymer matrix comprises a condensation polymer with a Tg of above 40 °C and a first polymer with a Tg of below 40 °C.
92. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation polymer/first polymer matrix comprises a condensation polymer with a Tg of below 40 °C and a first polymer with a Tg of below 40 °C.
93. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation polymer is a thermoset polymer.
94. The method of claim 51, wherein glass fibers are added to the condensation reaction medium prior to or during the condensation reaction.
95. The method of claim 95, wherein the glass fibers comprise from about 10 to about 50 wt. % of the condensation polymer.
96. The method of claim 95, wherein the glass fibers comprise from about 15 to about 30 wt. % of the condensation polymer.
97. The method of claim 95, wherein the glass fibers are added during the condensation polymerization.
98. The method of claim 51, wherein reinforcing agents comprising carbon fibers, mica, clay, talc, wollastonite, glass fibers, calcium carbonate or mixtures thereof are added to the condensation reaction medium prior to or during the condensation reaction.
99. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system is a latex composition prepared by emulsion polymerization.
100. The method of claim 51, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of water.
101. The method of claim 51, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of diol.
102. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system comprises a buffering agent.
103. The method of claim 103, wherein the buffering agent comprises ammonium salts of carbonates, sodium salts of carbonates, ammonium salts of bicarbonates or a mixture thereof.
104. The method of claim 51, wherein the condensation polymerization reaction medium comprises a buffering agent.
105. acetate, potassium acetate, lithium acetate, sodium phosphate monobasic, potassium phosphate dibasic, sodium carbonate or a mixture thereof.
106. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system is prepared by dispersion polymerization.
107. The method of claim 107, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of water.
108. The method of claim 107, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of diol.
109. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system is prepared by suspension polymerization.
110. The method of claim 110, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of water.
111. The method of claim 110, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of diol.
112. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system is prepared by mechanical emulsification.
113. The method of claim 113, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of water.
114. The method of claim 113, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of diol.
115. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system is introduced prior to initiation of the condensation reaction.
116. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system is introduced during an ester exchange phase.
117. The method of claim 51, wherein the polymer colloid system is introduced during a polycondensation phase.
118. A method of making a condensation polymer/latex matrix comprising the steps of : (a) preparing a latex diol composition comprising: (i) latex polymer particles comprising a residue of an ethylenically unsaturated monomer, wherein the latex polymer particles have a size below 1000 nm; (ii) a surfactant; and (iii) a continuous liquid phase comprising a diol component, wherein the diol component is from 60 to 100% by weight of the latex diol composition ; (b) introducing the diol latex composition into a condensation reaction medium comprising 1) a diacid, diisocyanate, dialkyl carbonate, diaryl carbonate, dihalo carbonate or a mixture thereof ; and (c) polymerizing the diol component and component bl) thereby forming a condensation polymer/latex polymer matrix.
119. The method of claim 119, wherein the diol latex composition does not contain a polymeric stabilizer.
120. The method of claim 119, wherein the surfactant comprises an anionic, cationic, nonionic surfactant or a mixture thereof.
121. The method of claim 119, wherein the surfactant comprises a polymerizable or nonpolymerizable alkyl ethoxylate sulfate ; alkyl phenol ethoxylate sulfate; alkyl ethoxylate; alkyl phenol ethoxylate or a mixture thereof.
122. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex particles comprise a functional group capable of reacting with diacid, diisocyanate, diarylcarbonate, dialkylcarbonate, dihalocarbonate, or the diol component.
123. The method of claim 123, wherein the functional group comprises an epoxy group; an acetoacetoxy group; a carbonate group; a hydroxyl group; an amine group; an isocyanate group; an amide group; or a mixture thereof.
124. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex polymer particles are crosslinked.
125. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex polymer is a core shell polymer.
126. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex polymer is a non core shell polymer.
127. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise a residue of an ethylenically unsaturated monomer.
128. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise a residue of a nonacid vinyl monomer, acid vinyl monomer or a mixture thereof.
129. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise a residue of a nonacid vinyl monomer of a acetoacetoxy ethyl methacrylate; acetoacetoxy ethyl acrylate; methyl acrylate; methyl methacrylate; ethyl acrylate; ethyl methacrylate; butyl acrylate; butyl methacrylate; isobutyl acrylate; isobutyl methacrylate; ethylhexyl acrylate; 2ethylhexyl methacrylate; 2ethyl hexyl acrylate; isoprene; octyl acrylate; octyl methacrylate; isooctyl acrylate; isooctyl methacrylate; trimethyolpropyl triacrylate; styrene; amethyl styrene; glycidyl methacrylate; carbodiimide methacrylate; CCz8 alkyl crotonates; dinbutyl maleate; aor pvinyl naphthalene, dioctylmaleate; allyl methacrylate; diallyl maleate; diallylmalonate ; methyoxybutenyl methacrylate; isobornyl methacrylate; hydroxybutenyl methacrylate; chloride; vinylidene chloride; vinyl acetate; vinyl ethylene carbonate; epoxy butene; 3,4dihydroxybutene; hydroxyethyl (meth) acrylate; methacrylamide; acrylamide; butyl acrylamide; ethyl acrylamide; butadiene; vinyl (meth) acrylates; isopropenyl (meth) acrylate; cycloaliphaticepoxy (meth) acrylates; ethylformamide; 4vinyl1,3dioxolan2 one, 2,2dimethyl4 vinyl1,3dioxolate; 3,4diacetoxy1butene or a mixture thereof.
130. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise a residue of 2ethylhexyl acrylate.
131. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex polymer comprise a residue of acid vinyl monomers of acrylic acid; methacrylic acid; itaconic acid; crotonic acid or a mixture thereof.
132. The method of claim 119, wherein the latex polymer particles comprise a residue of an acrylate, methacrylate, styrene, vinylchloride, vinylidene chloride, acrylonitrile, vinyl acetate, butadiene, isoprene or a mixture thereof.
133. The method of claim 119, wherein the diol component comprises an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic diol having from 2 to 10 carbon atoms or a mixture thereof.
134. The method of claim 119, wherein the diol component comprises ethylene diol; 1,3trimethylene diol; propylene diol; tripropylene diol; 1,5 pentanediol; 1,6 hexanediol; 1,7heptanediol; 1,8octanediol; 1,9nonanediol; neopentyl diol; cisor trans cyclohexanedimethanol; cis or trans 2,2,4,4 tetramethyl1,3 cyclobutanediol; diethylene diol or a mixture thereof.
135. The method of claim 119, wherein the diol component comprises ethylene diol, propylene diol, tripropylene diol, 1,4butanediol, diethylene diol, neopentyl diol, cyclohexanedimethanol or a mixture thereof.
136. diol, ethylene diol, 1,4butanediol, and cis or trans cyclohexanedimethanol.
137. The method of claim 119, wherein the diol component is from 65 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
138. The method of claim 119, wherein the diol component is from 75 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
139. The method of claim 119, wherein the diol component is from 90 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
140. The method of claim 119, wherein the continuous phase consists essentially of the diol component.
141. The method of claim 119, wherein the continuous phase comprises water.
142. The method of claim 119, wherein the water component is from 10 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
143. The method of claim 119, wherein the water component is from 50 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
144. The method of claim 119, wherein the water component is from 90 to 100% by weight of the continuous phase.
145. The method of claim 119, wherein the continuous phase further comprises a cosolvent comprising less than or equal to 40% by weight of the continuous phase.
146. The method of claim 146, wherein the cosolvent comprises water, methanol, ethanol, propanol, nbutanol or a mixture thereof.
147. average molecular weight of from 1,000 to 1,000,000 as determined by gel permeation chromatography.
148. The method of claim 119, wherein the continuous phase further comprises a polyol.
149. A product made by the process of claim 119.
150. A polymer blend comprising a first polymer and a condensation polymer, wherein the first polymer is a non coreshell polymer derived from a polymer colloid system.
151. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the first polymer comprises 70 to 100% of butyl acrylate, isoprene, butadiene, acrylonitrile, styrene or 2ethyl hexyl acrylate.
152. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the first polymer comprises 50 to 100% of butyl acrylate, isoprene, butadiene, acrylonitrile, styrene or 2ethyl hexyl acrylate.
153. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the condensation polymer is a polyester.
154. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the condensation polymer is a polyester amide.
155. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the condensation polymer is a polyurethane.
156. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the condensation polymer is a polycarbonate.
157. transparent material.
158. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg greater than 40 °C.
159. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg of less than 40 °C.
160. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg of less than 0 °C and has essentially no crystallinity.
161. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg of less than20 °C and has essentially no crystallinity.
162. The polymer blend of claim 151, comprising a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg of less than about 40 °C and the first polymer has a Tg of greater than about 40 °C.
163. The polymer blend of claim 151, comprising a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg of greater than about 40 °C and the first polymer has a Tg of less than about 40 °C.
164. The polymer blend of claim 151, comprising a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix wherein the condensation polymer has a Tg of less than about 40 °C and the first polymer has a Tg of less than about 40 °C.
165. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the polymer blend is an elastomer.
166. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein further comprising glass fibers.
167. The polymer blend of claim 167, wherein the glass fibers comprise from about 10 to about 50 wt. % of the condensation polymer.
168. The polymer blend of claim 167, wherein the glass fibers comprise from about 15 to about 30 wt. % of the condensation polymer.
169. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the first polymer comprises a residue of 2ethyl hexyl acrylate, butyl acrylate, isoprene, butadiene, lauryl acrylate, acrylonitrile, vinylidene chloride or a mixture thereof.
170. The polymer blend of claim 151, wherein the first polymer comprises a residue of vinyl chloride, styrene alphamethylstyrene, methyl methacrylate, vinyl naphthalene, isobornyl methacrylate or a mixture thereof.
171. A powder coating comprising the polymer blend of claim 151.
172. A method of making a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix comprising the steps of : a) introducing a polymer colloid system into a condensation reaction medium prior to or during the condensation reaction; wherein the condensation reaction medium comprises: i) a diacid, diisocyanate, dialkyl carbonate, diaryl carbnate, dihalo carbonate, or a mixture thereof; wherein the polymer colloid system comprises: ii) a first polymer dispersed in a liquid continuous phase; wherein the polymer colloid system continuous phase, the condensation reaction medium or both comprises a diol component; and b) polymerizing the diol component and component (a) (i) thereby providing a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix.
173. A method of making a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix comprising the steps of : a) introducing a latex diol system into a condensation reaction prior to or during the condensation reaction, wherein the condensation reaction medium comprises: i) a diacid, diisocyanate, dialkyl carbonate, diaryl carbonate, dihalo carbonate or a mixture thereof ; wherein the latex diol system comprises: (1) latex polymer particles comprising a residue of an ethyleneically unsaturated monomer, wherein the latex particles have a size below 1000 nm; (2) a surfactant; and (3) a continuous liquid phase comprising a diol component, wherein the diol component is from 60 to 100 % by weight of the latex diol composition; and b) polymerizing the diol component and component (a) (i) thereby providing a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix.
174. An impact modified polyester comprising the polymer blend of claim 174.
175. A hydroxyl functional polyester coating resin comprising the polymer blend of claim 174.
176. A method of making a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix comprising the steps of : a. preparing a polymer colloid system comprising a first polymer in a liquid continuous phase; b. introducing the polymer colloid system into a condensation polymer; c. extruding the polymer colloid system and the condensation polymer, thereby providing a condensation polymer/first polymer matrix.
177. The method of claim 177, wherein the liquid continuous phase comprises a diol.
178. The method of claim 177, wherein the condensation polymer is a polyester, copolyester, polyesteramide, a polycarbonate, or a mixture thereof.
179. The method of claim 177, wherein the liquid continuous phase comprises a diol component.
180. The method of claim 177, wherein the liquid continuous phase is from 25 to 100% by weight of the diol component.
181. The method of claim 177, wherein the liquid continuous phase is from 50 to 100% by weight of the diol component.
182. The method of claim 177, wherein the liquid continuous phase is from 75 to 100 % by weight of the diol component.
183. The method of claim 177, wherein the liquid continuous phase is from 90 to 100% by weight of the diol component.
184. The method of claim 177, wherein the liquid continuous phase consists essentially of the diol component.
185. The method of claim 177, wherein the diol component comprises an aliphatic or cycloaliphatic diol having from 2 to 10 carbon atoms or a mixture thereof.
186. The method of claim 177, wherein the diol component comprises ethylene diol; 1,3propylene diol; tripropylene diol; 1,4butanediol; 1,5 pentanediol; 1,. 6 hexanediol; 1,7heptanediol; 1,8octanediol; 1,9nonanediol; neopentyl diol; cisor trans cyclohexanedimethanol; cis or trans 2,2,4,4 tetramethyl1, 3 cyclobutanediol; diethylene diol or a mixture thereof.
187. propylene diol; tripropylene diol; 1,4butanediol; diethylene diol; neopentyl diol; cis or trans cyclohexanedimethanol or a mixture thereof.
188. The method of claim 177, wherein the diol component comprises neopentyl diol, ethylene diol, cis or trans cyclohexanedimethanol, 1,4 butanediol or a mixture thereof.
189. The method of claim 177, wherein the diol component is in the liquid continuous phase, and the liquid continuous phase consists essentially of the diol component.
Description:
INTERNATIONAL SEARCH REPORT Intt ional Application No PCT/US 00/05472 C. (Continuatlon) DOCUMENTS CONSIDERED TO BE RELEVANT Category Citation of document, with indication, where appropriate, of the relevant passages Relevant to daim No. A US 5 061 766 A (YAMASHITA HIROSHI ET AL) 11 29 October 1991 (1991-10-29) cited in the application claim 1 A US 4 458 050 A (HEYMAN DUANE 1 3 July 1984 (1984-07-03) claim 4 A US 5 250 621 A (LUETJENS HOLGER ET 1 5 October 1993 (1993-10-05) claims1,3 1 INTERNATIONAL SEARCH REPORT Inte yonal Application No Information on pdent hmlq membe PC T/US 00/05472 Patent document Publication Patent family Publication cited in search report date member (s) date US 4568616 A 04-02-1986 DE 3313923 A 18-10-1984 DE 3462406 D 02-04-1987 EP 0125482 A 21-11-1984 JP 59217755 A 07-12-1984 JP 7053854 A 28-02-1995 JP7053854 A 28-02-1995 US 5559159 A 24-09-1996 NONE US 4259478 A 31-03-1981 NONE US 5300555 A 05-04-1994 CA 2069383 A 01-12-1992 CN 1067433 A, 8 30-12-1992 EP 0516360 A 02-12-1992 JP 6145426 A 24-05-1994 JP 6145426 A 24-05-1994 US 5061766 A 29-10-1991 JP 6017373 B 09-03-1994 JP 61019602 A 28-01-1986 DE 3524179 A 16-01-1986 GB 2161170 A, B 08-01-1986 US 4885350 A 05-12-1989 US 4458050 A 03-07-1984 DE 3401878 A 26-07-1984 US 4503193 A 05-03-1985 US 4536557 A 20-08-1985 US4536557 A 20-08-1985 US 5250621 A 05-10-1993 DE 4020256 A 02-01-1992 DE 59109124 D 10-06-1999 EP 0463494 A 02-01-1992 JP 4226129 A 14-08-1992