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Title:
DISHWASHING COMPOSITIONS WITH IMPROVED RESISTANCE TO GELLING
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1998/000488
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Liquid dishwashing compositions are disclosed which contain a robust surfactant system, a solvent to control viscosity, a hydrotrope to ensure appropriate solubility of the composition, and an effective amount of an anti-gelling polymer to inhibit gelling of the composition.

Inventors:
Patil, Suchareeta (Rue Dejoncker 56, Brussels, B-1060, BE)
Application Number:
PCT/US1997/009697
Publication Date:
January 08, 1998
Filing Date:
June 23, 1997
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
THE PROCTER & GAMBLE COMPANY (One Procter & Gamble Plaza, Cincinnati, OH, 45202, US)
Patil, Suchareeta (Rue Dejoncker 56, Brussels, B-1060, BE)
International Classes:
C11D1/12; C11D1/29; C11D1/75; C11D1/83; C11D3/34; C11D3/37; (IPC1-7): C11D1/12; C11D3/20; C11D3/30; C11D3/34
Foreign References:
US3970596A
US4075118A
US4368147A
US4092273A
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Reed, David T. (The Procter & Gamble Company, 5299 Spring Grove Avenue Cincinnati, OH, 45217, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
What is claimed is:
1. A liquid dishwashing composition comprising: from 15% to 60% of an alkyl ethoxy sulfate surfactant; from 0% to 30% of an amine oxide surfacant; from 0% to 2% of magnesium ions; an effective amount of a solvent; an effective amount of a hydrotrope; and an antigelling amount of an antigelling polymer.
2. A composition according to claim 1 , which comprises: from 15% to 60% of said alkyl ethoxy sulfate surfactant; from 0% to 30% of said amine oxide surfacant; from 0% to 2% of said magnesium ions; from 3% to 20% of said solvent; from 1.5% to 20% of said hydrotrope; and from 0.5% to 6% of said antigelling polymer.
3. A composition according to any of the preceding claims which has a viscosity of from 50 cps to 2000 cps.
4. A composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein said antigelling polymer is selected from the group consisting of polyalkylene glycols, polyamines, and terephtalatebased polymers.
5. A composition according to any of the preceding claims, wherein said antigelling polymer has a molecular weight of from 500 to 20.000.
6. A composition according to any of the preceding claims, which comprises from 0.5% to 10% of said antigelling polymer.
7. A composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein said hydrotrope is seleced from the group consisting of anionictype hydrotropes, preferably sodium cumene sulphonate, sodium xylene sulphonate, sodium toluene sulphonate, and mixtures thereof.
8. A composition according to any of the preceding claims wherein said solvent is selected from the group consisting of Cj C|o monohγdric and dihydric alcohols, and mixtures thereof.
9. A method of washing dishes, wherein 0.01 ml to 150 ml of a composition according to any of the preceding claims is diluted in 2000 ml to 20000 ml water, and the dishes are immersed in the diluted composition thus obtained and cleaned by contacting the soiled surface of the dish with a cloth, sponge or similar article.
10. A method of washing dishes, wherein the dishes are immersed in a water bath, an effective amount of a composition according to any of the claims 18 is absorbed onto a device, and the device with the absorbed composition is contacted individually to the surface of each of the soiled dishes.
Description:
Dishwashing Compositions with Improved Resistance to Gelling

Technical Field

The invention relates to liquid dishwashing compositions. The compositions have a robust surfactant system, they are relatively soluble in water and have an improved resistance to gelling.

Background

Liquid dishwashing compositions having good grease removal benefits are much desired by consumers and it is therefore necessary that these compositions should have a robust surfactant system. However such robust surfactant systems cause an increase in viscosity which renders such compositions inconvenient to use. Therefore, solvents are added which decrease the viscosity of the composition to an acceptable value. But a problem which occurs with these compositions is that the solvent tends to evaporate with time, and thus the compositions tend to gel.

Another requirement of dishwashing compositions is that they should be easy to dissolve in water before they are used, and that is also somewhat contradictory with the presence of a robust surfactant system. To address that need, compositions are formulated which additionally comprise a hydrotrope which improves the solubility (and stability) of the composition. However we have now found that such compositions comprising a hydrotrope are even more prone to gelling, as compared to the same compositions without hydrotrope.

It is known that the addition of inorganic salts such as chlorine salts can alleviate the gelling effect to some extent. However, there are drawbacks to the use of inorganic salts, namely, they can negatively impact the solubility of the compositions, and furthermore can cause formulability or corrosivity problems.

It is thus an object of the present invention to provide liquid dishwashing compositions, which comprise a robust surfactant system, which are easy to dissolve and which have an improved resistance to gelling.

In response, we have now found that the formulation - in a composition comprising a robust surfactant system together with a solvent and a hydrotrope - of an anti-gelling polymer addresses that need.

Summary of the Invention

The compositions of the present invention are liquid dishwashing compositions which comprise:

-from 15% to 60% of an alkyl ethoxy sulfate surfactant;

-from 0% to 30% of an amine oxide surfacant;

-from 0% to 2.0% of magnesium ions;

-an effective amount of a solvent;

-an effective amount of a hydrotrope; and

-an anti-gelling amount of an anti-gelling polymer.

The invention further encompasses a method of washing dishes with these compositions.

Detailed Description of the Invention

Alkyl ethoxy sulfate surfactant :

As an essential component, the compositions herein comprise an alkyl ethoxy sulfate surfactant. Such surfactants are according to formula (1 )

R 1 0{CH2CH2θ) n S0 3 M (1 )

wherein, R-\ represents a straight chain or a branched alkyl group or an alkenyl group having 9 to 15 carbons, n represents 0.5 to 7 of real number in average, and M shows an alkalic metal, alkaiic earth metal,

ammonium group or alkanol substitution ammonium group. If the number of carbons of R^ is less than 9, the detergency is insufficient, and if more than 16, the stability at low temperature of the composition deteriorates remarkably and is not preferable. Especially, preferable number of carbons is 10 to 13. Further, when the number of adduct moles n of the ethylene oxide in the formula (1 ) is less than 0.5, the stimulus to the hand and skin increases and is not preferable, while if more than 3, the detergency deteriorates greately, which is not desirable. Accordingly, the desirable range of the number of adduct moles of ethylene oxide is 0.5 to 3.

The compositions of the present invention comprise from 15% to 60% by weight of the total composition of such surfactant, or mixtures thereof, preferably from 15% to 40%, most preferably 20% to 30%.

Amine oxide surfactant :

As an optional but preferred component, the compositions of the invention may further comprise an amine oxide surfactant. Such surfactants are according to formula (2)

R3

I

R 2 _ N + - O- (2)

I

R 4

wherein R2 represents a straight chain or a branched alkyl group or an alkenyl group having 10 to 16 carbons, and R3 and R4 represent a methyl group or an ethyl group respectively. When the carbons of R2 are less than 10, the detergency of the composition is low and if exceeds 16, the stability at low temperature deteriorates remarkably, which is not preferable.

The compositions of the present invention comprise from 0% to 30% by weight of the total composition of such surfactant, preferably 1 .5% to 15%, most preferably 1.5% to 10%.

Magnesium ions :

As another optional but preferred component of the compositions of the invention, from 0% to 2.0%, preferably 0.1 % to 2%, most preferably from 0.3% to 2% by weight of the composition, of magnesium ions may be added to the liquid detergent compositions of the invention for improved product stability, as well as improved sudsing and skin mildness.

It is preferred that the magnesium ions are introduced by neutalization of the acid form of alkylethoxy surfactants with a magnesium oxide or magnesium hydroxide slurry in water. Normally, this method is limited by the amount of anionic surfactants in the composition. An alternative method is to use MgCI2, MgSO4 or other inorganic Mg salts. These materials are less desirable because they can cause corrosivity problems (chloride salts), decrease the solubility of the formulations, or cause formulatibility/stability problems in the compositions. It is desirable for these reasons to limit the addition of inorganic salts to less than 2%, preferably less than 1 % by weight of the anionic inorganic counterion.

Solvent :

As another essential component, the compositions of the invention comprise a solvent in an effective amount so that the viscosity of the compositions herein be of from 50 cps to 2000 cps, preferably 100 cps to 450 cps, most preferably from 100 cps to 350 cps, measured at 20°C, with a Brookfield viscometer, spindle no. 18.

Suitable solvents for use herein include low molecular weight alcohols such as C1 -C1O' preferably C1-C mono- and dihydric alcohols, preferably ethyl alcohol, isopropγl alcohol, propylene glγcol and hexylene glycol.

The compositions herein typically comprise from 3% to 20% by weight of the total composition of an alcohol, or mixtures thereof, preferably 3% to 15%, most preferably 5% to 10%.

Hydrotrope :

As another essential component, the compositions of the invention comprise a hydrotrope in an effective amount so that the compositions are appropriately soluble in water. By "appropriately soluble in water", it is meant that the product dissolves quickly enough in water as dictated by both the washing habit and conditions of use. Products which do not dissolve quickly in water can lead to negatives in performance regarding grease cleaning, sudsing, ease of rinsing of product from dishes/glasses etc. or product remaining on dishes/glasses after washing.

Suitable hydrotropes for use herein include anionic-type hydrotropes, particularly sodium, potassium, and ammonium xylene sulfonate (preferred), sodium, potassium and ammonium toluene sulfonate, sodium potassium and ammonium cumene sulfonate (most preferred), and mixtures thereof, and related compounds (as disclosed in U.S. Patent 3,915,903).

The compositions of the invention typically comprise from 1 .0% to 15% by weight of the total composition of a hydrotropic, or mixtures thereof, preferably from 3% to 10%, most preferably from 3% to 6%.

Anti-gelling polymer :

As another essential component, the compositions of the invention comprise an anti-gelling polymer which improves the compositions' resistance to gelling. Suitable polymers for use herein have a molecular weight of at least 500, preferably from 500 to 20000, more preferably 1000 to 5000, most preferably 1000 to 3000.

The required amount of anti-gelling polymer can easily be determined by trial and error, but generally, the compositions herein comprise from 0.5% to 6% by weight of the total composition of an anti-gelling

polymer, or mixtures thereof, preferably 0.5% to 4%, most preferably 1 .5% to 3%.

Suitable polymers for use herein include :

- polyalkylene glycols, preferably polyethylene glycol and polypropylene glycol;

- polyamines; Particularly suitable polyamine polymer for use herein are alkoxylated or polyalkoxylated polyamines. Such materials can conveniently be represented as molecules of the empirical structures with repeating units :

[N R] , n Amine form

(alkoxy)y and

R1

[N + -R] . n nX" Quaternized form

(alkoxy)y

wherein R is a hydrocarbyl group, usually of 2-6 carbon atoms; R 1 may be a C1-C20 hydrocarbon; the alkoxy groups are ethoxy, propoxy, and the like, and y is 2-30, most preferably from 10-20; n is an integer of at least 2, preferably from 2-20, most preferably 3-5; and X- is an anion such as halide or methylsuifate, resulting from the quaternization reaction.

The most highly preferred polyamines for use herein are the so-called ethoxylated polyethylene amines, i.e., the polymerized reaction product of ethylene oxide with ethyleneimine, having the general formula :

(BO). _[N_ CH2 CH2 N .( O)y

(EtO)y (BO)y

when y = 2-30. Particularly preferred for use herein is an ethoxylated polyethylene amine, in particular ethoxylated tetraethylenepentamine, and quaternized ethoxylated hexamethylene diamine.

- Terephtalate-based polymers; Suitable terephtalate polymers for use herein include polymers having the formula :

O O O O

II II II II

X - (OCH 2 CH 2 ) n -[(-OC-R 1 -CO-R 2 -) u (-OC-R 1 -CO-R3-) v -]

- OC - R - CO - (CH 2 CH 2 O) n - X

wherein each R^ is a 1 ,4-phenylene moiety; the R^ are essentially 1 ,2- propylene moieties; the R^ are essentially the polyoxyethylene moiety - <CH2H2θ)q-CH2-CH2-; each X is ethyl or preferably methyl; each n is from about 12 to about 45; q is from about 12 to about 90; the average value of u is from about 5 to about 20; the average value of v is from about 1 to about 10; the average value of u + v is from about 6 to about 30; the ratio u to v is from about 1 to about 6.

Hihgly preferred polymers for use herein are polymers of the formula :

X -(OCH 2 CH 2 )rι - (O - C - R 1 - C - OR 2 )- u

(O - C - R 1 - C - O>- -(CH 2 CH 2 O)- n X

in which X can be any suitable capping group, with each X being selected from the group consisting of H, and alkyl or acyl groups containing from 1 to about 4 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 2 carbon atoms, most preferably alkyl. Furthermore, the alkyl group may contain anionic, cationic or nonionic substituents such as sulphonate, sulphato, ammonium, hydroxy etc. groups, n is selected for water solubility and is a range of values which generally averages from about 10 to about 50, preferably from about 10 to about 25. There should be very little material, preferably less than about 10 mol %, more preferably less than 5 mol %, most preferably less than 1 mol %, in which u is greater than 5. Furthermore there should be at least 20 mol %, preferably at least 40 mol %, of material in which u ranges from 3 to 5.

The R 1 moieties are essentially 1 ,4-phenylene moieties. As used herein, the term "the R 1 moieties are essentially 1 ,4-phenylene moieties" refers to compounds where the R^ moieties consist entirely of 1 ,4-phenylene moieties, or are partially substituted with other arylene or alkarylene moieties, alkylene moieties, alkenylene moieties, or mixtures thereof. Arylene and alkarylene moieties which can be partially substituted for 1 ,4-phenylene include 1 ,3-phenylene, 1 ,2-phenylene, 1 ,8-naphthylene, 1 ,4-naphthylene, 2,2-biphenylene, 4,4'-biphenylene and mixtures thereof. Alkylene and alkenylene moieties which can be partially substituted include ethylene, 1 ,2-propylene, 1 ,4-butylene, 1 ,5- pentylene, 1 ,6-hexamethylene, 1 ,7-heptamethylene, 1 ,8-octamethylene, 1 ,4-cyclohexylene, and mixtures thereof.

Preferably, the R^ moieties consist entirely of (i.e., comprise 100%) 1 ,4-phenylene moieties, i.e. each R 1 moiety is 1 ,4-phenylene.

For the R 2 moieties, suitable ethylene or substituted ethylene moieties include ethylene, 1 ,2-propylene, 1 ,2-butylene, 1 ,2-hexylene, 3- methoxy-1 ,2-propylene and mixtures thereof. Preferably, the R 2 moieties are essentially ethylene moieties, or, preferably, 1 ,2-propylene moieties or mixtures thereof.

Preferably, from about 75% to about 100%, more preferably from about 90% to about 100% of the R 2 moieties are 1 ,2-propylene moieties.

The value for n averages at least about 10, but a distribution of n values is present. The value of each n usually ranges from about 10 to about 50. Preferably, the value for each n averages in the range of from about 10 to about 25.

The most preferred polymers for use herein are polymers according to the formula :

O O

I I I I

X (OCH 2 CH 2 ) n (O - C - R 1 - C - OR 2 )- u

-(O - C - R 1 - C - O) (CH 2 CH 2 O) n X

wherein X is methyl, n is 16, R^ is 1 ,4-phenylene moiety, R 2 is 1 ,2- propylene moiety and u is essentially between 3 and 5.

Qptionals :

The compositions herein can further comprise a number of optional ingredients described hereinafter.

The compositions of this invention preferably contain certain co- surfactant to aid in the foaming, detergency, and/or mildness. Included in this category are several anionic surfactants commonly used in liquid or gel dishwashing detergents. Examples of anionic co-surfactants that are useful in the present invention are the following classes :

(1 ) Alkyl benzene sulfonates in which the alkyl group contains from 9 to 15 carbon atoms, preferably 1 1 to 14 carbon atoms in straight chain or branched chain configuration. An especially preferred linear alkyl benzene sulfonate contains about 12 carbon atoms. U.S. Pat. Nos. 2,220,099 and 2,477,383 describe these surfactants in detail.

(2) Alkyl sulfates obtained by sulfating an alcohol having 8 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms. The alkyl sulfates have the formula ROSO3 " M + where R is the Cs-22 a,k Yl 9 r °up and M is a mono- and/or divalent cation.

(3) Paraffin sulfonates having 8 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms, in the alkyl moiety. These surfactants are commercially available as Hostapur SAS from Hoechst Celanese.

(4) Olefin sufonates having 8 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms. U.S. Pat. No. 3,332,880 contains a description of suitable olefin sulfonates.

(5) Alkyl glyceryl ether sulfonates having 8 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably 12 to 16 carbon atoms, in the alkyl moiety.

(6) Fatty acid ester sulfonates of the formula :

R-] - CH(SO3-M + )CO2R2

wherein R-| is straight or branched alkyl from about Cβ to C-| 8 < preferably C12 to -| 6. and R2 is straight or branched alkyl from about C-j to CQ, preferably primarily C- and M + represents a mono- or divalent cation.

(7) Secondary alcohol sulfates having 6 to 18, preferably 8 to 16 carbon atoms.

Other suitable co-surfactants herein are

(8) Fatty acid amide surfactants having the formula :

R6 N(R7).

wherein R*> is an alkyl group containing from 7 to 21 , preferably from 9 to 17, carbon atoms and each R? is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyi, and -(C2H4θ) x H where x varies from 1 to about 3.

(9) Polyhydroxy fatty acid amide surfactant of the structural formula

O R

I I I

(I) R 2 - C - N - Z

wherein R 1 is H, C1- 4 hydrocarbyl, 2-hydroxy ethyl, 2-hydroxy propyl, or a mixture thereof, preferably C1-C4 alkyl, more preferably C1 or C2 alkyl, most preferably C-j alkyl (i.e., methyl); and R 2 is a C5-C31 hydrocarbyl, preferably straight chain C7-C19 alkyl or alkenyl, more preferably straight chain C9-C17 alkyl or alkenyl, most preferably straight chain C-| i -Cl 7 alkyl or alkenyl, or mixtures thereof; and Z is a polyhydroxyhydrocarbyl having a linear hydrocarbyl chain with at least 3 hydroxyls directly connected to the chain, or an alkoxylated derivative (preferably ethoxylated or propoxylated) thereof. Z preferably will be derived from a reducing sugar in a reductive amination reaction; more preferably Z is a glycityl. Suitable reducing sugars include glucose, fructose, maltose, lactose, galactose, mannose, and xylose. Z preferably will be selected from the group consisting of -CH2-(CHOH) n - CH 2 OH, -CH(CH 2 OH)-(CHOH> n _i-CH2OH, -CH 2 -

(CHOH)2(CHOR')(CHOH)-CH2OH, where n is an integer from 3 to 5, inclusive, and R' is H or a cyclic or aliphatic monosaccharide, and alkoxylated derivatives thereof. Most preferred are glycityls wherein n is 4, particularly -CH 2 -(CHOH)4-CH 2 OH.

In formula (I), R 1 can be, for example, N-methyl, N-ethyl, N-propyl, N- isopropyl, N-butyl, N-2-hydroxy ethyl, or N-2-hydroxy propyl.

R 2 -CO-N < can be, for example, cocamide, stearamide, oleamide, lauramide, myristamide, capricamide, palmitamide, tallowamide, etc.

Z can be 1 -deoxyglucityl, 2-deoxyfructityl, 1 -deoxymaltityl, 1 - deoxylactityl, 1 -deoxygalactityl, 1 -deoxymannityl, 1-deoxymaltotriotityl, etc.

(10) Betaine detergent surfactants having the general formula :

R - N< + )(R 1 ) 2 - R 2 COO<->

wherein R is a hydrophobic group selected from the group consisting of alkyl groups containing from 10 to 22 carbon atoms, preferably from 12 to 18 carbon atoms, alkyl aryl and aryl alkyl groups containing a similar number of carbon atoms with a benzene ring being treated as equivalent to about 2 carbon atoms, and similar structures interrupted by amide or ether linkages; each R^ is an alkyl group containing from 1 to about 3 carbon atoms; and R 2 is an alkylene group containing from 1 to about 6 carbon atoms.

(1 1 ) Ethylene oxide condensates, which can be broadly defined as compounds produced by the condensation of ethylene oxide groups (hydrophilic in nature) with an organic hydrophobic compound, which can be aliphatic or alkyl aromatic in nature. The length of the hydrophilic or polyoxyalkylene radical which is condensed with any particular hydrophobic group can be readily adjusted to yield a water- soluble compound having the desired balance between hydrophilic and hydrophobic elements.

Examples of such ethylene oxide condensates suitable as suds stabilizers are the condensation products of aliphatic alcohols with ethylene oxide. The alkyl chain of the aliphatic alcohol can either be straight or branched and generally contains from about 8 to about 18, preferably from about 8 to about 14, carbon atoms for best performance as suds stabilizers, the ethylene oxide being present in amounts of from about 8 moles to about 30, preferably from about 8 to about 14 moles of ethylene oxide per mole of alcohol.

(12) Cationic quaternary ammonium surfactants of the formula :

[R1 (OR 2 ) y ][R3(OR 2 ) y ] 2 R 4 N + X"

or amine surfactants of the formula :

[R 1 (OR 2 ) y ][R 3 (OR 2 ) y ]R 4 N

wherein R^ is an alkyl or alkyl benzyl group having from about 6 to about 16 carbon atoms in the alkyl chain; each R 2 is selected from the group consisting of -CH2CH2-, -CH2CH(CH3)-, -CH2CH(CH2OH)-, - CH2CH2CH2-, and mixtures thereof; each R 3 is selected from the group consisting of C1-C4 alkyl, C1- 4 hydroxyalkyi, benzyl, and hydrogen when y is not 0; R 4 is the same as R 3 or is an alkyl chain wherein the total number of carbon atoms of R^ plus R 4 is from about 8 to about 16, each y is from about 0 to about 10, and the sum of the y values is from about 0 to about 15; and X is any compatible anion.

In addition to the optional co-surfactants described hereinbefore, the compositions can contain other optional components suitable for use in liquid dishwashing compositions such as perfume, dyes, opacifiers, enzymes, builders and chelants and pH buffering means so that the compositions herein generally have a pH of from 5 to 1 1 , preferably 6.5 to 8.5, most preferably 7 to 8.

Method :

In the method aspect of this invention, soiled dishes are contacted with an effective amount, typically from about 0.5 ml. to about 20 ml. (per 25 dishes being treated), preferably from about 3 ml. to about 10 ml., of the detergent composition of the present invention. The actual amount of liquid detergent composition used will be based on the judgement of user, and will typically depend upon factors such as the particular product formulation of the composition, including the concentration of active ingredients in the compositon, the number of soiled dishes to be cleaned, the degree of soiling on the dishes, and the like. The particular product formulation, in turn, will depend upon a number of factors, such as the intended market (i.e., U.S., Europe, Japan, etc.) for the composition product.

Generally, from about 0.01 ml. to about 150 ml., preferably from about 3 ml. to about 40 ml. of a liquid detergent composition of the invention is combined with from about 2000 ml. to about 20000 ml., more typically from about 5000 ml. to about 15000 ml. of water in a sink having a volumetric capacity in the range of from about 1000 ml. to about 20000 ml., more typically from about 5000 ml. to about 15000 ml. The soiled dishes are immersed in the sink containing the diluted compositions then obtained, where they are cleaned by contacting the soiled surface of the dish with a cloth, sponge, or similar article. The cloth, sponge, or similar article may be immersed in the detergent composition and water mixture prior to being contacted with the dish surface, and is typically contacted with the dish surface for a period of time ranged from about 1 to about 10 seconds, although the actual time will vary with each application and user. The contacting of cloth, sponge, or similar article to the dish surface is preferably accompanied by a concurrent scrubbing of the dish surface.

Another method of use will comprise immersing the soiled dishes into a water bath without any liquid dishwashing detergent. A device for absorbing liquid dishwashing detergent, such as a sponge, is placed directly into a separate quantity of undiluted liquid dishwashing compositon for a period of time typically ranging from about 1 to about 5 seconds. The absorbing device, and consequently the undiluted liquid dishwashing composition, is then contacted individually to the surface of each of the soiled dishes to remove said soiling. The absorbing device is typically contacted with each dish surface for a period of time range from about 1 to about 10 seconds, although the actual dime of application will be dependent upon factors such as the degree of soiling of the dish. The contacting of the absorbing device to the dish surface is preferably accompanied by concurrent scrubbing.

Examples The following compositions are made by mixing the listed ingredients in the listed proportions.

Component [D] IE] [FJ

Coconut Alkyl Ethoxy (x) 16 25 25 Sulphate (x = 1 .0) (x = 1 .5) (x = 1 .5)

Glucose Amide 10.0 5 5

Amine oxide 2.5 2.5

Betaine 2 2.5 2.5

C10E8 ethoxylated 10 4 4 alcohol

Mg 0.3 0.5 0.5

Component [V] [W] [X]

Coconut Alkyl Ethoxy (x) 20 25 25 Sulphate (x = 2) (x = 1 .5) (x = 1 .5)

Glucose Amide 5 5 5

Amine oxide 5 2.5 2.5

Betaine 2.5 2.5

C10E8 ethoxylated 4 4 4 alcohol

MQ 0.5 0.5 0.5

Polymer 1.5 (Sulphoalkyl- capped polyethylene terephthalate (Mw 2000)

Water and misc. (dye, Balance to perfume, opacifier etc) 100%

Viscosity 150cps pH 8