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Title:
DOWNLIGHT FIRESTOP
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/082026
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A firestop element is provided which is fabricated from a polymer intumescent composition. The element is associated with a light can of a downlight. In some embodiments, the firestop element drops to a deployed position in the light can in the event of a fire.

Inventors:
LUO, Xiaoxiong (649 Welham RoadBarrie, Ontario L4N 0B7, L4N 0B7, CA)
PAGE, John, B. (649 Welham RoadBarrie, Ontario L4N 0B7, L4N 0B7, CA)
Application Number:
CA2015/051171
Publication Date:
June 02, 2016
Filing Date:
November 12, 2015
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
JAMMBCO HOLDINGS LTD (649 Welham Road, Barrie, Ontario L4N 0B7, L4N 0B7, CA)
International Classes:
F21V25/12; F21S8/02; F21V21/04
Foreign References:
GB2495009A2013-03-27
GB2422191A2006-07-19
US20130061545A12013-03-14
US9089716B22015-07-28
GB2517222A2015-02-18
GB2515649A2014-12-31
US6105334A2000-08-22
GB2459538A2009-11-04
US7670033B22010-03-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SMART & BIGGAR (ATTN: FAGGETTER, Ronald D.Box 111, Suite 1500,438 University Avenu, Toronto ontario M5G 2K8, M5G 2K8, CA)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:

1. A downlight fixture comprising:

a light can;

a firestop element supported on or within said light can by at least one fire sensitive support, said firestop element fabricated of a polymer intumescent composition;

said at least one fire sensitive support, in response to a fire, ceasing to support said firestop element such that said firestop element is freed to drop to a deployed position; and

said light can further having an limiter to limit a drop of said firestop element.

2. The downlight fixture of claim 1 further comprising a light mount within said light can.

3. The downlight fixture of claim 1 or claim 2 wherein said firestop element is supported by said at least one fire sensitive support within said light can.

4. The downlight fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 3 wherein said at least one fire sensitive support is fabricated of a meltable or flammable material that melts or burns off in a fire.

5. The downlight fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 4 wherein said at least one fire sensitive support comprises a plurality of plastic tabs.

6. The downlight fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 5 wherein said limiter comprises at least one fire resistant basal support proximate a base of said light can.

7. The fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 6 further comprising guides to guide firestop element while dropping.

8. The fixture of claim 7 further comprising tabs associated with said firestop element, said tabs guided by said guides so as to slide along said guides while said firestop element drops. 9. The downlight fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 8 wherein said limiter comprises a plurality of cables, each cable joined at one end to said light can.

10. The downlight fixture of claim 9 wherein said each cable is joined at said one end to an upper end of said light can.

1 1. The downlight fixture of claim 10 wherein another end of each said cable opposite said one end is joined to said firestop element.

12. The downlight fixture of claim 10 further comprising a support plate underlying said firestop element.

13. The downlight fixture of claim 12 wherein another end of each said cable opposite said one end is joined to said support plate. 14. The downlight fixture of claim 9 further comprising an enlargement at another end of each said cable opposite said one end.

15. The downlight fixture of claim 14 further comprising a support plate underlying said firestop element, said support plate having a plurality of openings and wherein each said cable extends through an opening of said openings in said support plate, each said enlargement being larger than each said opening.

16. The fixture of any one of claim 9 to claim 15 wherein said firestop element is a disk having a plurality of axial through slots and wherein each said cable extends through one of said axial through slots.

17. The fixture of any one of claim 9 to claim 16 wherein said cables have lengths so as to arrest said firestop element proximate a base of said light can after said drop of said firestop element. 18. The fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 17 wherein a heat sink is supported by said at least one fire sensitive support and wherein said firestop element is supported by said heat sink.

19. The downlight fixture of claim 12 or claim 13 wherein a heat sink is joined to said support plate.

20. The fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 19 wherein said firestop element has a central opening and further comprising an electrical conductor extending into said light can and through said central opening to said light mount.

21. The fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 4 wherein said at least one fire sensitive support is a plastic ring mounted to said light can.

22. The fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 21 further comprising a ring surrounding a base of said light can, said ring fabricated of a polymer intumescent composition.

23. The fixture of any one of claim 1 to claim 22 wherein said polymer

intumescent composition comprises a polymer and a blowing agent.

24. A downlight fixture comprising:

a light can;

a firestop element associated with said light can, said firestop element fabricated of a polymer intumescent composition, said firestop element having a plurality of lands with voids extending between lands; and

a light mount disposed within said light can.

25. The fixture of claim 24 wherein said firestop element is a sleeve surrounding at least a side wall of said light can, said sleeve fabricated of a polymer intumescent composition, said voids comprising a plurality of radial through slots defining a plurality of ribs.

26. The fixture of claim 25 wherein said sleeve is spaced from said side wall of said light can and is tapered such that an upper end of said sleeve is in closer proximity to said side wall of said light can than a lower end of said sleeve.

27. The fixture of claim 26 wherein said sleeve is tapered at an angle of between two and ten degrees.

28. The fixture of any one of claim 24 to claim 27 wherein said light can is an inner can and further comprising an outer can surrounding said inner can.

29. The fixture of any one of claim 24 to claim 28 wherein said firestop element is a disk supported within said light can, said disk having a plurality of axial through slots defining said lands on a face of said disk.

30. The fixture of claim 29 further comprising a sleeve surrounding a side wall of said light can and extending upwardly to a level of said disk, said sleeve fabricated of a polymer intumescent composition, said sleeve having a plurality of ribs. 31 . The fixture of claim 29 or claim 30 wherein said disk has a central opening and further comprising an electrical conductor extending into said light can and through said central opening to said light mount.

32. The fixture of any one of claim 29 to claim 31 wherein said voids are disk voids and wherein said disk is supported on a plate, said plate having plate voids aligned with said disk voids.

33. The fixture of any one of claim 24 to claim 32 wherein said light can has at least one meltable or flammable support and wherein said firestop element is supported by said at least one meltable or flammable support of said light can, said at least one meltable or flammable support melting or burning off in a fire such that said firestop element is freed to drop to a deployed position within said light can.

34. The fixture of claim 33 wherein said light can has basal supports at a base of said light can, said basal supports maintaining their integrity in a fire.

35. The fixture of claim 33 or claim 34 comprising cables joined to said firestop element and to said light can, said cables having lengths so as to arrest said firestop element proximate a base of said light can after said at least one meltable or flammable support melts or burns off in a fire.

36. The fixture of any one of claim 33 to claim 35 wherein a heat sink is supported by said at least one meltable or flammable support and wherein said firestop element is supported by said heat sink. 37. The fixture of any one of claim 33 to claim 36 wherein said at least one meltable or flammable support is a plastic disk mounted to said light can.

38. The fixture of any one of claim 24 to claim 36 further comprising a ring surrounding a base of said light can, said ring fabricated of a polymer intumescent composition.

39. The fixture of any one of claim 24 to claim 38 wherein said polymer intumescent composition comprises a polymer and a blowing agent. 40. A downlight fixture comprising:

a light can comprising a body capped by an end cap; said end cap comprising a rigid firestop element, said firestop element fabricated of a polymer intumescent composition, said firestop element having a plurality of ribs; and

a light mount within said light can.

Description:
DOWNLIGHT FIRESTOP

BACKGROUND

[0001] This relates to a firestop element for a downlight and to a downlight incorporating a firestop element. [0002] When a fire breaks out in a building, it should be contained as much as possible. While a ceiling in a building may be designed to impede the spread of fire, openings through the ceiling for downlights present an opportunity for a fire to spread more easily. Also, the downlights themselves can be the cause of a fire.

[0003] Therefore, there is a need for an approach to reduce the fire hazards associated with downlights.

SUMMARY

[0004] A firestop element is provided which is fabricated from a polymer intumescent composition. The element may be associated with a light can of a downlight. In some embodiments, the firestop element will drop to a deployed position in the light can in the event of a fire.

[0005] In accordance with an embodiment, there is provided a downlight fixture comprising: a light can; a firestop element supported on or within said light can by at least one fire sensitive support, said firestop element fabricated of a polymer intumescent composition, said at least one fire sensitive support, in response to a fire, ceasing to support said firestop element such that said firestop element is freed to drop to a deployed position; and light can further having an limiter to limit a drop of said firestop element.

[0006] Other features and advantages will become apparent from the following description in conjunction with the drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0007] In the figures which illustrate example embodiments,

[0008] FIG. 1 is a top perspective view of a downlight fixture in accordance with a first embodiment,

[0009] FIG. 2 is partially sectioned side view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 1 ,

[0010] FIG. 3 is a bottom perspective view of a firestop element of the downlight fixture of FIG. 1,

[0011] FIG. 4 is a partially cut away top perspective view of a downlight fixture in accordance with a second embodiment,

[0012] FIG. 5 is a top perspective view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment,

[0013] FIG. 6 is partially sectioned side view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 5,

[0014] FIG. 7 is a top perspective view of a firestop element of the downlight fixture of FIG. 5,

[0015] FIG. 8 is a bottom perspective view of the firestop element of FIG. 7,

[0016] FIG. 9 is a bottom view of the firestop element of FIG. 7.

[0017] FIG. 10 is a top perspective view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment,

[0018] FIG. 11 is a top perspective view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment,

[0019] FIG. 12A is a schematic cross-sectional view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment, [0020] FIG. 12B is a schematic cross-sectional view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 12A showing a firestop element in a deployed position,

[0021] FIG. 13 is a top perspective view of the firestop element of FIG. 12A,

[0022] FIG. 14A is a schematic cross-sectional view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment,

[0023] FIG. 14B is a schematic cross-sectional view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 13 A showing a firestop element in a deployed position,

[0024] FIG. 15 is a bottom perspective view of the firestop element and support plate of FIG. 14A, [0025] FIG. 16A is a schematic cross-sectional view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment,

[0026] FIG. 16B is a simplified side view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 16A,

[0027] FIG. 16C is a schematic cross-sectional view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 16A showing a firestop element in a deployed position, [0028] FIG. 17 is a top perspective view of the firestop element of FIG. 16A,

[0029] FIG. 18A is a schematic cross-sectional view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment,

[0030] FIG. 18B is a schematic cross-sectional view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 18A showing a firestop element in a deployed position, [0031] FIG. 19A is a partially cut away top perspective view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 18A,

[0032] FIG. 19B is an exploded view of a portion of the downlight fixture of FIG. 19A, [0033] FIG. 19C is an exploded view of a portion of the downlight fixture of

FIG. 19A showing a firestop element in a deployed position,

[0034] FIG. 20A is a schematic cross-sectional view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment, [0035] FIG. 20B is a schematic cross-sectional view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 20A showing a firestop element in a deployed position,

[0036] FIG. 21 is a top perspective view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 20B,

[0037] FIG. 22A is a schematic cross-sectional view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment, [0038] FIG. 22B is a schematic cross-sectional view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 22A showing a firestop element in a deployed position,

[0039] FIG. 23 is a top perspective view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 22B

[0040] FIG. 24A is a schematic cross-sectional view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment, [0041] FIG. 24B is a schematic cross-sectional view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 24A showing a firestop element in a deployed position,

[0042] FIG. 24C is a top perspective view of a portion of the downlight fixture of FIG. 24A,

[0043] FIG. 25 is a top perspective view of the downlight fixture of FIG. 24B, and [0044] FIG. 26 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a downlight fixture in accordance with another embodiment showing a firestop element in a deployed position. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0045] Turning to FIGs. 1 and 2, a downlight fixture 50 has a metal light can 52 joined to a rectangular metal base 54. The base also supports wiring box 56 which, if the light fixture is used with an electrical gas discharge light, may also include a ballast. The light can 52 has a body 58 shaped as a cylindrical sleeve and an end cap 60 which is joined to the body by rivets 62. A support plate 64 disposed within the light can has a depending slotted tongue 66 that rides on a threaded peg 68 projecting radially inwardly from body 58. A wing nut 70 received on the threaded peg frictionally clamps the slotted tongue to the light can body 58. By loosening the wing nut, the slotted tongue 66 may be slid along the peg 68 to adjust the height of the plate 64 within the light can. A light mount, namely socket 72, is mounted to the plate 64 and a light bulb 74 may be screwed into the light socket. The light can end cap 60 has a central opening 76 through which an electrical conductor 78,

originating at the wiring box 56, extends. [0046] A firestop element 80 is supported on the plate 64. Element 80 has a diameter similar to the inside diameter of the light can body 58. Turning to FIG. 3, the firestop element is an annular disk with a central opening 82. The disk has a plurality of regularly spaced lands 86 on a face of the disk with a void 88 extending between each pair of lands. The voids are in the nature of radially elongated axial through slots to define a plurality of identical regularly spaced radially extending ribs 92, with a rib between each pair of slots. The bottom surface of the ribs are the lands and the ribs connect to each other at the outer and inner peripheries of the annular disk. The central opening 82 allows the element to be fitted over the light socket 72. [0047] A firestop ring 90 may extend about the base of the light can 52 and be supported on rectangular base 54.

[0048] Both the firestop element 80 and firestop ring 90 are fabricated of an intumescent flame retardant (IFR) that includes one or more IFR polymer

composites. The firestop element may be rigid or elastomeric. Suitable IFR polymer composites may include base polymers, fire retardants, and blowing agents. If the base polymers are inherently fire retardant, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), halogenated polyethylene Neoprene and phenolic resin, then the fire retardants can be omitted from the composite.

Synergists such as antimony oxides and/or zinc borate can be added to improve the fire retardancy of a composite. Char-forming agents can be added to promote charring and increase yield (i.e., final volume after intumescence), and thereby improve the fire retardancy and thermal insulation of a composite. Optionally, other components such as smoke suppressants, pigments, and compatibilizers such as maleic anhydride grafted polyolefin and organofunctional silanes can also be added.

[0049] Suitable blowing agents include, but are not limited to, expandable graphites, intumescent hydrated alkali metal silicates, and intumescent hydrated alkali metal silicates with certain amounts of other components such as those described in U.S. Patent No. 6,645,278, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference. The start expansion temperature (SET) of suitable blowing agents may vary between 120 °C to 350 °C, which is well above the normal operating temperature of the downlight fixture. Other suitable blowing agents will also be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. Blowing agents in the composite are generally used in amount of about 1 weight percent (wt %) to about 70 wt %. [0050] Suitable fire retardants include, but are not limited to, polymeric halogen, monomeric halogen, alumina trihydrate, magnesium di-hydroxide, mica, talc, calcium carbonate, hydroxycarbonates, phosphorus compounds, red phosphorus, borate compounds, sulfur compounds, nitrogen compounds, silica, and/or various metal oxides. Other suitable fire retardants will also be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. The concentration of the fire retardants in a composite generally varies from 5 wt % to 55 wt %.

[0051] Suitable base polymers include, but are not limited to, thermoplastics, such as polyethylene, polypropylene, polyamide, ABS, polybutylene terephthalate, polyethylene terephthalate, EVA, thermosetting plastics, and elastomers, such as epoxy, Neoprene, cross-linked polyethylene, silicone, NBR, thermoplastic elastomers, or the blend of above. Other suitable base polymers will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art.

[0052] A mixture of the different components described above can be

compounded into a composite. This composite can in turn be formed into desired geometries by known polymer processing methods such as injection molding, compression molding, transfer molding, or the like. The melting temperature of the base polymers should be lower than the SET of the blowing agents in the composite and higher than the normal operating temperatures expected in the downlight fixture. The temperature between the melting temperature of the base polymers and the SET of the blowing agents is the processing window for the composite. An IFR polymer composite formulated to have an expansion ratio of between 1.2 and 50 is suitable.

[0053] Example suitable IFR polymer composites are described in US 6,790,893 issued September 14, 2004 to Nguyen et al., the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference, US2010/0086268 to Reyes, published April 8, 2010, the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference, and US2012/0022201 to Zhvanetskiy et al., published January 26, 2012, the contents of which are

incorporated herein by reference. [0054] In normal operation, the voids 88 of element 80 assist in allowing heat to dissipate in the light can. However, if the temperature in the ceiling rises, the polymer in the composite of firestop elements 80 and 90 may begin to soften. In this instance, base 54 will support element 90 and plate 64 will support element 80. If the temperature reaches the SET of the blowing agents of the composite, the elements 80 and 90 will begin to expand and melt forming an outer layer of char. In this regard, the voids 88 and ribs 92 of element 80 increase the surface area of the disk as compared with that of a solid disk. In consequence, the IFR material of element 80 will react more quickly if the external temperature reaches the SET temperature, and therefore expand more quickly, than would similar IFR material of a similarly sized solid disk.

[0055] The thickness of element 80 and the volume of material of the element are chosen so that element 80 will expand to plug the top of the light can 52. Element 90 is sized so that it will expand to close off any gap between base 54 and light can 52 as well as the gap between the light can 52 and the opening through the ceiling.

[0056] The layer of char formed during charring of elements 80 and 90 provides a thermal insulation barrier that helps minimize heat transfer. Char formation can also provide a barrier that reduces volatile gas formation within the IFR composition and separates oxygen in the gas that is formed from the underlying (burning) substrate. Thus, the char forming on burning of the IFR composition can result in a shorter burning time for some IFR compositions.

[0057] Flames from any fire below the downlight fixture will therefore be blocked from licking up the outside the light can or up through the hole 76 in the top of the can by the expanded elements. Also, the resultant thermal insulating plugs in and around the can will reduce the temperature at the top of the can, therefore reducing the likelihood of combustion of materials above and/or around the light can.

[0058] It will be apparent that firestop element 80 could have a different pattern of lands and voids and still assist in heat dissipation in the light can during normal operation as well as presenting an increased surface area that would increase the speed of intumescence. Thus, it will be apparent to those of skill in the art that element 80 may have other surface patterns.

[0059] A number of further embodiments are contemplated where each of these further embodiments has at least one firestop element with a composition as has been described for firestop elements 80 and 90.

[0060] FIG. 4 illustrates a further embodiment where downlight fixture 100 differs from downlight fixture 50 of FIGs. 1 to 3 in the addition of a firestop sleeve 190 in place of the firestop ring 90 of FIGs. 1 to 3. In FIG. 4, like parts to those of downlight fixture 50 of FIGs. 1 to 3 have been given like reference numerals, and reference should be made to the foregoing description of downlight fixture 50 for a description of these parts and their function. Sleeve 190 has a sleeve portion 172 surrounding the body 58 of the light can 52 and a plate-like base 174 sitting atop the base 54 of the fixture 100. The sleeve portion 192 has a plurality of axially elongated ribs 176 between axially elongated radially opening slots 178. The sleeve tapers from a wider end 182 at plate-like base 174 to a narrower end 184 at end cap 60 of the light can 52. The angle of taper may be anywhere in the range of two to ten degrees. The sleeve 190 may be made of the afore-described intumescent material. [0061] In normal operation, the slots 178 allow heat to dissipate from the light can such that the sleeve 190 does not significantly decrease the rate of heat dissipation from the light can. If downlight fixture 100 is exposed to a fire, the firestop sleeve will first soften, and then intumesce. The ribs 176 increase the surface area of the firestop sleeve 190 which speeds its reaction time. Because of the taper of the sleeve, when it softens it may collapse inwardly onto the outer surface of the light can. In such instance the light can 52 will support the sleeve while it intumesces. In addition, the firestop disk (not shown) within the can 52 intumesces, as afore- described in connection with the first embodiment.

[0062] In the event that firestop sleeve 190 intumesces due to a fire, it will seal up the interface between the light can 52 and base 54 and will also seal off openings in the body 58 of the light can 52. The expansion ratio of the sleeve can be chosen to be sufficiently high that the intumesced sleeve can plug the opening in the ceiling.

[0063] FIGs. 5 to 9 illustrate a further embodiment of a downlight fixture. In figures FIGs. 5 to 9, like parts to those of downlight fixture 50 of FIGs. 1 to 3 have been given like reference numerals, and reference should be made to the foregoing description of downlight fixture 50 for a description of these parts and their function.

[0064] Turning to FIGs. 5 and 6, downlight fixture 200 has a rigid firestop element 280 that is the end cap for the light can 212. Element 280 is joined to the cylindrical metal body 58 of the light can in any suitable fashion, such as by rivets. [0065] Turning to FIGs. 7 to 9, firestop element 280 has an annular sidewall 252 and a top wall 254. The annular sidewall has a plurality of identical regularly spaced inwardly projecting ribs 256 shaped as fins. The fins project radially inwardly toward a central axis, C, of the annular sidewall 252 and are aligned with this central axis. The annular sidewall tapers toward the top wall and the fins commensurately taper such that the fins have a constant radial inward extent. The top wall 254 has a medial hole 276 to accommodate electrical conductor 78 (FIG. 6).

[0066] In use, in normal operation, ribbed element 280 allows a greater rate of heat dissipation from the light can than would a solid element having the same extent. In the event of fire, if the temperature of the element 280 exceeds the SET, the element expands to plug the top of the light can and char is formed to provide a thermal barrier. As with firestop element 80 (FIG. 3), the surface area of element 280 is increased by the provision of the spaced ribs 256 and so the speed of intumescence is increased as compared with that of a solid element. [0067] Element 280 may soften as its temperature increases beyond the normal operating temperatures of fixture 200 but remains below SET. However, in this instance, the dome shape of element 280 assists in resisting sag.

[0068] The ribs 256 of element 280 could be replaced by other projections that increase the surface area of the element. [0069] Turning to FIG. 10, in another embodiment, a downlight fixture 300 has a firestop element 390 surrounding the light can 352 of the fixture and resting on the fixture's rectangular base 354. The firestop element 390 may be configured to have an inner periphery spaced at a short stand off from the outer periphery of both the end cap 360 and cylindrical body 358 of the light can 352. Element 390 has a plurality of upper axially extending ribs 336 running from a disk-shaped top 340 of the element to a medial side wall band 342. The ribs 336 are defined by axially elongated radial through slots 338. A plurality of lower, shorter, axially extending ribs 346 between axially elongated radially opening slots 348 run between the medial side wall band 342 and a basal side wall band 350 of the element. The element 390 may taper from it basal side wall band 350 at a small angle of between two and ten degrees.

[0070] Firestop element 390 is provided with a central opening 370 in its top disk- shaped portion 360 which accommodates a conductor 378 extending from the ballast or wiring box 356 into the light can.

[0071] The downlight fixture 300 does not have a firestop element within the light can 352.

[0072] In use, the slots 338, 348 in the firestop element 390 assist in the dissipation of heat generated by the light. If due to a fire the temperature of the firestop element 390 exceeds the SET, the element expands to evelop the light can and char is formed to provide a thermal barrier. The basal band 350 of the element 390 is sized so that it will expand to close off any gap between base 354 and light can 352. As with element 190 (FIG. 4), the surface area of element 390 is increased by the provision of the spaced ribs 336, 346 and so the speed of intumescence is increased as compared with that of a solid element.

[0073] Element 390 may soften as its temperature increases beyond the normal operating temperatures of fixture 300 but remains below SET. However, in this instance, the firestop element may slump inwardly to be supported by the light can. If the element 390 is tapered, this will help ensure that the element will collapse toward the light can when it softens, and will char around the can. Moreover, the medial and basal bands 342, 350 of the element impart strength to the element which assists in keeping the ribs in place while they soften.

[0074] Turning to FIG. 11, modified downlight fixture 300' is the same as downlight fixture 300 except that fixture 300' has an external can 396 surrounding firestop element 390 with a top opening 398 to accommodate conductor 378. The external can 396 may be fabricated of metal, such as steel or aluminum, and may extend in close proximity to the outer periphery of firestop element 390. In the event of fire, the external can confines the expansion of the firestop element 390 and so assists in densifying the char resulting from intumescence of the firestop element.

[0075] Turning to FIG. 12A, downlight fixture 400 has a light can 412 joined to a base 454. The base 454, being metal, is fire resistant. The light can 412 has a body 458 shaped as a cylindrical sleeve and an end cap 460 which is joined to the body by rivets 462. An opening 456 through the base 454 below the light can is bounded by a lip 432 which extends inwardly of the basal periphery of the light can 412 and acts as a non-flammable support, as will become apparent. A firestop element 480, shown in perspective view in FIG. 13, is mounted to a metal support plate 485. The firestop element 480 has a central opening 482 and the support plate 485 has an aligned central opening 484. Fire sensitive supports, namely meltable or flammable T-shaped tabs 420 have tongues inserted through slots in the body 458 of the light can 412 or, in another embodiment, the tongues are screwed into openings in the side wall of the light can so that these tongues project inwardly from the light can. The support plate 485, and therefore firestop element 480, rests on the tongues of the tabs 420. The tabs are fabricated of a material which melts or burns off in a fire, such as a plastic, as, for example, nylon or another thermoplastic.

[0076] A light mount (socket) 472 is disposed within openings 482, 484 and mounted by mounts 476 that extend through the firestop element opening 482 and attach to the light can 412. An electrical conductor (not shown) extends from a wiring box or ballast (not shown) through opening 482 to the light mount. A light bulb 474 is mounted to the light mount. Notably, openings 482, 284 have a diameter greater than that that of both the light mount 472 and the light bulb 474. A firestop gasket ring 490 extends about the base of the light can 412 and is enveloped by a metal sleeve 494.

[0077] In manufacture, the firestop element 480 with support plate 485 is set onto the tongues of the plastic tabs 420 projecting from the body 458 of the light can. The end cap 460 with supported light mount 472 is then mounted to the light can body 458 using rivets 462. Typically a light bulb may be mounted to the socket after installation in a ceiling.

[0078] In use, in the event of a fire, the meltable or flammable tabs 420 melt and/or burn off. In consequence, firestop element 480 with its support plate 485 are no longer supported and they drop downwardly until, as illustrated in FIG. 12B, the periphery of the support plate 485 stops against the lip 432 of the base 454 of the fixture 400. Thus, the lip 432 of the base acts as a limiter, limiting the drop of the firestop element and its support plate. Because the diameter of central openings 482, 484 of the firestop element 480 and support plate 485 exceed the diameter of the light base 472 and light 474, and because the light base is mounted by mounts 476 extending through opening 482, the element 480 and plate 485 are free to fall to past the light socket and light bulb once the tabs melt or burn off. With the firestop element now at the base of the light can, as this element intumesces it expands to plug the can at the bottom. The support plate 485 helps hold the intumesced firestop element and resulting char in place to block the opening. Thus, the intumesced firestop element blocks flames from entering the light can and possibly extending through any openings in the can. It also reduces the heat inside the can.

[0079] Further, the intumescent gasket ring 490 extending about the light can intumesces. The metal sleeve 494 constrains the ring such that the only place it can expand while it intumesces is into the interface between the light can 412 and base 454. The constraining sleeve 494 also densifies the char such that the interface between the light can and base is not only plugged, but there is a strong thermal barrier at this interface.

[0080] Turning to FIG. 14A, LED downlight fixture 500 has a light can 512 mounted on base 554. The light can 512 has a body 558 shaped as a cylindrical sleeve and an end cap 560 which is joined to the body by rivets 562. An opening 556 through the base 554 below the light can is bounded by a lip 532 which extends inwardly of the basal periphery of the light can 512. Plastic T-shaped tabs 520 supported by the light can 512 have tongues projecting inwardly from the light can. Plastic T-shaped tabs 522 supported by a heat sink 570 have tongues projecting outwardly from the heat sink. The tabs 522 of the heat sink rest on the tabs 520 of the light can such that the heat sink 570 is supported within the light can 512. An LED light (not shown) is mounted within heat sink 570. A firestop element 580 is mounted to a metal support plate 585 and the metal support plate rests on the top of the heat sink 570. The firestop element 580 and support plate 585 are shown in perspective view in FIG. 15 from which it will be apparent that the firestop element has a series of disk voids 588 and the plate has a series of plate voids 589 aligned with the disk voids. Further, element 580 and the plate 585 have aligned slots 590, 591 to accommodate a conductor that feeds to the LED light.

[0081] An intumescent ring 490 and constraining metal sleeve 494 surround the base of the light can as described in conjunction with FIGs. 12A and 12B.

[0082] In manufacture, the tabs 520 are inserted into the body 558 of the light can 512 and the heat sink is then moved into place within the body 558. Tabs 522 are then inserted into the heat sink so that the tongues of tabs 522 overlie the tongues of tabs 520 whereby the heat sink is supported within body 558 of the light can 512. Next the firestop element 580 with its support plate 585 is set in place on the top of the heat sink and the cap 560 of the light can is riveted to the light can body 558. [0083] In use, in the event of a fire, plastic tabs 520 and 522 melt or burn off. In consequence, heat sink 570 (with its LED light) is no longer supported within the light can 512 and it falls away, as illustrated in FIG. 14B. Since the firestop element 580 with its support plate 585 had rested upon the heat sink, it falls with the heat sink until its fall is arrested when the periphery of the support plate 585 hits the lip 532 of the base 554 of the fixture, as is also illustrated in FIG. 14B. Thus, the lip 532 of the base 554 of the fixture acts as a limiter, limiting the fall of the firestop element and its support plate. With the firestop element now at the base of the light can, as this element intumesces, it expands to plug the can at the bottom. This blocks flames from entering the light can and possibly extending through any openings in the can; it also reduces the heat inside the can. With the voids 589 in the plate 585 aligned with the voids 588 in the disk, the disk is exposed more rapidly to a heat build up, speeding its intumescing reaction time.

[0084] If the heat sink makes a close fit with the light can, lip 532 could be replaced with spring tabs joined to base 554. These tabs would be deflected upwardly by the heat sink when it is in place within the light can and would resiliently spring to a deployed, inwardly projecting, position when the heat sink fell away in the event of a fire such that the firestop element 580 and its support plate 585 would be arrested by the deployed hinge tabs.

[0085] Referencing FIGs. 16A and 16B, in a further embodiment, downlight fixture 600 has a light can 612 mounted on base 654. An opening 656 below the light can through the base 654 is bounded by a lip 656 which extends inwardly of the basal periphery of the light can 612. Meltable or flammable C-clips 620 are joined to, and project inwardly from, light can 612. A heat sink 670 has a pair of ears 672. A spring clip 674 is mounted to each ear 672. Each spring clip 674 has a medial spring section 676 from which two legs 678 extend; the legs terminate in feet 679.

[0086] To install the heat sink in the light can, the two legs of a spring clip are pinched together against the urging of spring section 676, inserted into a C-clip, and released. This is repeated with the second C-clip. The feet 679 of the legs allow the heat sink to hang from the C-clips, as shown in FIGs. 16A and 16B. The heat sink may then be pressed upwardly into the light can until the lip 674 of the heat sink abuts base 654.

[0087] The top of the light can 612 is a steel plate 685 surrounded by a fire sensitive support, namely meltable or flammable ring 687, which may be a thermoplastic ring. The ring sits atop the light can body 658. The ring 687 can be held to the light can body 658 by rivets or screws and can be press fit to the steel plate. The plate may be solid, or if helpful for heat dissipation, apertured. A firestop element 680, illustrated in perspective view in FIG. 17, is mounted to the steel plate by stand-off nibs 689. The stand-off nibs assist in heat dissipation. [0088] An intumescent ring 490 and constraining metal sleeve 494 surround the base of the light can as described in conjunction with FIGs. 12A and 12B.

[0089] In use, in the event of a fire, meltable or flammable C-clips 620 melt and/or burn off. In consequence, heat sink 670 with its spring clips 674 (and its LED light) is no longer supported within the light can 612 and it falls away, as illustrated in FIG. 16C. Additionally, meltable or flammable ring 687 burns off. This removes the support for firestop element 680 and plate 685. Thus the firestop element and plate 685 fall with the heat sink until they are arrested when the periphery of the support plate 685 hits the lip 632 of the base 654 of the fixture, as is also illustrated in FIG. 16C. With the firestop element now at the base of the light can, as this element intumesces it expands to plug the can at the bottom. This blocks flames from entering the light can and possibly extending through any openings in the can; it also reduces the heat inside the can.

[0090] In another embodiment, referring to FIGs. 18A, 19A, and 19B, LED downlight fixture 700 has a light can 712 mounted on base 754. The light can 712 has a body 758 shaped as a cylindrical sleeve and an end cap 760 which is joined to the body by rivets 762. An opening 756 through the base 754 below the light can is bounded by a lip 732 which extends inwardly of the basal periphery of the light can 712. A guiderail assembly 772 has vertical guiderails 774 and lugs 776 joined to a ring 778. The guiderail assembly 772 is supported on base 754 by the lugs, which overlie lip 732. Plastic clips 720 are supported by the guiderail assembly. A heat sink 770 (not shown in FIG. 16B) which contains a light base 771 and an LED light 773 (FIG. 18A) is supported within the light can 512 by plastic T-shaped tabs 722 mounted to the heat sink with tongues projecting outwardly from the heat sink 760 into clips 720. A firestop element 780 is mounted to a metal support plate 785 and the metal support plate rests on the top of the heat sink 770. The firestop element has a series of through slots 781 which increase its surface area. The metal support plate has projecting metal tabs 779, with one tab guided by each guiderail 774. In consequence, firestop element 780 and its support plate 785 are constrained to slide vertically within the light can 712. [0091] A firestop gasket ring 790 extends about the base of the light can 752 and is supported on base 754. The firestop gasket ring 790 is enveloped by a metal sleeve 794.

[0092] In manufacture, the guiderail assembly 772 is mounted to the base 754 then the tabs 779 of metal support plate 785 are inserted into the guiderails 774 so that the firestop element 780 with its support plate 785 are slidably mounted to the guiderails. Next the heat sink 770 may be inserted into the body 758 of the light can 712 and tabs 722 inserted into the heat sink so that the tongues of the tabs 722 extend within the clips 720 whereby the heat sink is supported within body 758 of the light can 712 and the firestop element 780 with its support plate 785 rests on the top of the heat sink. Cap 760 of the light can is then riveted to the light can body 758.

[0093] In use, in the event of a fire, clips 720 and tabs 722 melt or burn off. In consequence, heat sink 770 (with its light base and LED light) is no longer supported within the light can 712 and it falls away, as illustrated in FIG. 18B. Since the firestop element 780 with its support plate 785 had rested on the heat sink, they fall with the heat sink until they are arrested when the tabs 779 of the support plate 785 impact the fall limiting bottom of the guiderails 774, as is illustrated by FIGs. 18B and 19C. In this regard, the guiderails 774 constrain the firestop element and support plate to fall in a predictable vertical path as the tabs 779 of the support plate slide within the guiderails. This helps ensure that the firestop element and support plate fall completely to the bottom of the can and do not somehow jam within the light can and fail to fully deploy. With the firestop element now at the base of the light can, as this element intumesces it expands to plug the can at the bottom. This blocks flames from entering the light can and possibly extending through any openings in the can; it also reduces the heat inside the can. Further, the

intumescent gasket ring 790 extending about the light can intumesces. The metal sleeve 794 constrains the ring such that the only place it can expand while it intumesces is into the interface between the light can 712 and base 754. The constraining sleeve 794 also densifies the char such that the interface between the light can and base is not only plugged, but there is a strong thermal barrier at this interface.

[0094] Turning to FIG. 20A, LED downlight fixture 800 has a cylindrical light can 812 atop a base 854. The light can 812 has a body 858 shaped as a cylindrical sleeve and an end cap 860 which is joined to the body by rivets 862. Plastic T- shaped tabs 820 supported by the light can 812 have tongues projecting inwardly from the light can. Plastic T-shaped tabs 822 supported by a heat sink 870 have tongues projecting outwardly from the heat sink. The tabs 822 of the heat sink rest on the tabs 820 of the light can such that the heat sink 870 is supported within the light can 812. An LED light (not shown) is mounted within heat sink 870. A firestop element 880 is mounted to a metal support plate 885. One end 893 of each of a number of flexible cables 895 is mounted to the underside of the cap 860 of the light can 812 and the other end 897 (FIG. 20B) is mounted to the top of support plate 885. Loops of excess cable sit atop the support plate. [0095] An intumescent ring and constraining metal sleeve (not shown) may surround the base of the light can as described in conjunction with FIGs. 12A and 12B.

[0096] In manufacture, tabs 820 are inserted into the light can 812. The heat sink is then moved into place within the light can and tabs 822 are inserted into the heat sink so that the tongues of tabs 822 overlie the tongues of tabs 820 whereby the heat sink is supported within the light can 812. Next, the firestop element 880 with its support plate 885 is set in place on the top of the heat sink. The cap 860 of the light can, which is joined to the support plate 885 by cables 895 is then brought into place on top of the body 858 of the can, looping excess cable onto the mounting plate in the process. Cap 860 is then riveted in place.

[0097] In use, in the event of a fire, tabs 820 and 822 melt or bum off. In consequence, heat sink 870 (with its LED light) is no longer supported within the light can 812 and it falls away, as illustrated in FIG. 20B. Since the firestop element

880 with its support plate 885 had rested upon the heat sink, it falls with the heat sink until arrested by the cables 895, as is illustrated in FIG. 20B and FIG. 21. The length of the cables is chosen so that the firestop element is arrested proximate the base of the light can. Thus, the cables act as limiters, limiting the fall of the firestop element and support plate. With the firestop element in this deployed position, as this element intumesces, it expands to plug the can at the bottom. This blocks flames from entering the light can and possibly extending through any openings in the can; it also reduces the heat inside the can.

[0098] Referencing FIGs. 22A and 22B, in a further embodiment, downlight fixture 900 has a light can 912 on base 954. Meltable or flammable T-shaped tabs 920 supported by the light can 912 have tongues projecting inwardly from the light can. Meltable or flammable T-shaped tabs 922 supported by a heat sink 970 have tongues projecting outwardly from the heat sink. The tabs 922 of the heat sink rest on the tabs 920 of the light can such that the heat sink 970 is supported within the light can 912. An LED light (not shown) is mounted within heat sink 970. [0099] The top of the light can 912 is a steel plate 985 surrounded by a fire sensitive element, namely meltable or flammable plastic ring 987. The ring sits atop the light can. The ring 987 can be held to the light can by rivets or screws and can be press fit to the steel plate. The plate 985 may be solid or, if helpful for heat dissipation, apertured. A firestop element 980, illustrated in perspective view in FIG. 23, is mounted to the steel plate by stand-off nibs 989. The stand-off nibs assist in heat dissipation. One end 993 of each of a number of flexible cables 995 is mounted to the top of plate 985 of the light can 912 and the other end 997 is mounted to the side of the light can. Excess cable drops down along the side of the light can.

[00100] An intumescent ring 490 and constraining metal sleeve 494 surround the base of the light can as described in conjunction with FIGs. 12A and 12B.

[00101] In manufacture, the tabs 920 are inserted into the light can 912 and the heat sink is then moved into place within the light can. Tabs 922 are then inserted into the heat sink so that the tongues of tabs 922 overlie the tongues of tabs 920 whereby the heat sink is supported within the light can 912. [00102] In use, in the event of a fire, tabs 920 and 922 melt and/or burn off. In consequence, heat sink 970 (and its LED light) is no longer supported within the light can 912 and it falls away, as illustrated in FIGs. 22B and 23. Additionally, ring 987 melts or burns off. This removes the support for firestop element 980 and plate 985. Thus, the firestop element 980 and plate 985 fall with the heat sink until they are arrested by the cables 995, as is illustrated in FIG. 22B and FIG. 23. The length of the cables is chosen so that the firestop element is arrested proximate the base of the light can. With the firestop element in this deployed position, as this element intumesces, it expands to plug the can at the bottom. This blocks flames from entering the light can and possibly extending through any openings in the can; it also reduces the heat inside the can.

[00103] Turning to FIG. 24A, LED downlight fixture 1000 has a cylindrical metal light can 1012 atop a metal base 1054. The light can 1012 has a body 1058 shaped as a cylindrical sleeve and an end cap 1060 which is joined to the body by rivets 1062. Fire sensitive supports, namely plastic T-shaped tabs 1020 supported by the light can 1012, have tongues projecting inwardly from the light can. Further fire sensitive supports, namely plastic T-shaped tabs 1022 supported by a heat sink

1070, have tongues projecting outwardly from the heat sink. The tabs 1022 of the heat sink rest on the tabs 1020 of the light can such that the heat sink 1070 is supported within the light can 1012. An LED light (not shown) is mounted within heat sink 1070. A firestop element 80 rests on a metal support plate 1085. The firestop 80 element is illustrated in perspective view in FIG. 3 and was described hereinbefore in conjunction with that figure. As seen in FIG. 24C, the metal support plate 1085 is a disk having three peripheral openings 1100. One end 1093 of each of a number of flexible cables 1095 is attached to the underside of the cap 1060 of the light can 1012 by any suitable mechanism, such as by a screw (not shown) in the cap pinching the end of each cable against the cap. Each of these cables passes through one of the voids 88 in firestop 80 and one of the openings 1102 in support plate 1085 and then extends downwardly adjacent the inside wall of the light can, terminating in a bulbous end 1104 proximate the base of the light can. The bulbous end of each cable has a larger diameter than the holes 1102 through the support plate 1085.

[00104] An intumescent ring and constraining metal sleeve (not shown) may surround the base of the light can as described in conjunction with FIGs. 12A and 12B.

[00105] In manufacture, tabs 1020 are inserted into the light can 1012. The heat sink is then moved into place within the light can and tabs 1022 are inserted into the heat sink so that the tongues of tabs 1022 overlie the tongues of tabs 1020 whereby the heat sink is supported within the light can 1012. Next, the end 1093 of each cable 1085 may be threaded through a peripheral opening 1102 of plate 1085 and a void 88 of disk 80 and attached to the underside of the cap 1060 of the light can 1012. The firestop element 80 with its support plate 1085 can then be set in place on the top of the heat sink. The cap 1060 of the light can is then brought into place on top of the body 1058 of the can, allowing excess cable to move through disk and plate so that the bulbous cable ends hang proximate the base of the light can 1012. Cap 1060 is then riveted in place.

[00106] In use, in the event of a fire, tabs 1020 and 1022 melt or burn off. In consequence, heat sink 1070 (with its LED light) is no longer supported within the light can 1012 and it falls away, as illustrated in FIG. 24B. Since the firestop element 80 with its support plate 1085 had rested upon the heat sink, it falls with the heat sink until the support plate 085 abuts the bulbous ends 1104 of the cables 1095 whereupon the support plate and intumescent disk are arrested by the cables 1095, as is illustrated in FIG. 24B and FIG. 25. The length of the cables is chosen so that the firestop element when arrested protrudes just below the base of the light can. Thus, the cables act as limiters, limiting the fall of the firestop element and support plate. With the firestop element in this deployed position, as this element intumesces, it expands to plug the can at the bottom. This blocks flames from entering the light can and possibly extending through any openings in the can; it also reduces the heat inside the can. [00107] Turning to FIG. 26, LED downlight fixture 1100 is identical to LED downlight fixture 1000 of FIGs. 24A, 24B, and 25 except in one respect and so like parts have been designated with like reference numerals. The one difference between fixture 1100 and fixture 1000 is that in fixture 1100 the heat sink 1070 is joined to support plate 1085 by rivets 1108 or by any other suitable fastener. Thus, with light fixture 1100, in the event of fire, when the tabs retaining the heat sink 1070 within the light can 1012 fail, the heat sink and surmounted support plate 1085 with disk 80 fall until the support plate is arrested by the bulbous ends of the cables 1095. When the support plate is arrested, the heat sink, being joined to the support plate, is also arrested, as illustrated in FIG. 26. This embodiment has the advantage that the risk of the heat sink causing collateral damage during a fire is reduced.

[00108] The metal support plate on which a firestop element is mounted or upon which it rests in various of the embodiments assists in avoiding slump as the firestop element softens at elevated temperatures below the SET. For at least some firestop compositions, slump may not be problematic; in such circumstances, the support plate may not be needed.

[00109] The various firestop elements have been described as having voids to create ribs or other features which increase the surface area of the elements to improve the intumescing reaction time. In this regard, while the described firestop elements typically have regularly spaced identical features and voids, the features may differ and be irregularly spaced and reaction time can still be improved.

Further, in some embodiments, reaction time of an element, and heat dissipation in the light can, may be sufficient without the addition of voids. Accordingly, it may sometimes be sufficient to provide a firestop element in the described embodiments which lacks voids.

[00110] The one or more fire sensitive supports which cease to support the firestop element in some embodiments have been described as meltable or flammable tabs or as a ring. In other embodiments, different fire sensitive supports may be employed. For example, in some embodiments, the fire sensitive supports may be bimetallic elements which bend to a non-supporting position when

sufficiently heated by a fire.

[00111] Other modifications will be apparent to one of skill in the art and, therefore, the invention is defined in the claims.