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Title:
DRIVE UNIT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE COMPONENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/058164
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The object of the present invention is a drive unit for a motor vehicle component with an electromotor (5) and a rotatable output element (7). Furthermore, a blocking element (9), which can be acted on by an actuator (1 0), is provided for interacting with a protrusion (15) on the output element (7). According to the invention, the protrusion (1 5) detaches the blocking element (9) from a stop (1 7) at the start of a rotational movement of the output element (7). Thus, the blocking element (9) is transferred into a blocking position with the aid of the actuator (1 0) in which the blocking element (9) blocks a rotation of the output element (7) beyond a specified point.

Inventors:
HUNT, Robert, J. (2471 Woodcreek Lane, Davisburg, MI, 48350, US)
WAGNER, Adrin (227 Saline River Drive, Saline, MI, 48176, US)
Application Number:
IB2018/001048
Publication Date:
March 28, 2019
Filing Date:
September 17, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
KIEKERT AG (GL-PD-P, Hoeseler Platz 2, Heiligenhaus, 42579, DE)
International Classes:
E05B81/14; E05B81/56; E05B81/30; E05B81/66
Foreign References:
US20170009494A12017-01-12
DE10258645B42005-03-31
DE19948052A12001-04-12
DE102004027420A12005-12-22
DE10258645B42005-03-31
DE102004027420A12005-12-22
DE19948052A12001-04-12
DE102012017677A12014-03-13
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Claims:
Patent claims:

1 . A drive unit for a motor vehicle component, comprising :

an output element having a protrusion ,

an electromotor, provided for rotating the output element,

an actuator, and

a blocking element, which can be acted on by the actuator, for interacting with the protrusion,

a stop,

wherein the protrusion detaches the blocking element from the stop by means of a rotational movement of the output element,

so that the blocking element is transferred with the aid of the actuator into a blocking position in which the blocking element blocks rotation of the output element beyond a specified point.

2. The drive unit of claim 1 ,

wherein the blocking element situated in the blocking position is transferred by a cessation of force of the output element into a resting position adjacent on the stop.

3. The drive unit of claim 1 ,

wherein the blocking element is pivotably accommodated in a guide. 4. The drive unit of claim 1 ,

wherein the blocking element is formed as a reverse T-shape.

5. The drive unit of claim 4,

wherein one T-leg of the blocking element is formed at one end as a blocking nose interacting with the stop and at its other end as a curved contour interacting with the protrusion.

6. The drive unit of claim 5,

wherein the stop and the blocking nose have forms fitting into one another in a tongue-and-groove connection .

7. The drive unit of claim 3 and 4,

wherein the other T-leg of the blocking element is designed as a bearing eye pivotably accommodated in the guide. 8. The drive unit of claim 1 ,

wherein the blocking element is equipped with a pin on which the actuator engages.

9. The drive unit of claim 1 ,

wherein the actuator element is formed as a spring .

1 0. The drive unit of claim 1 ,

wherein the actuator element is formed as a storage lever sensing a position of a locking mechanism.

1 1 . The drive unit of claim 3 and 5,

wherein the other T-leg of the blocking element is designed as a bearing eye pivotably accommodated in the guide.

1 2. The drive unit of claim 3 and 6,

wherein the other T-leg of the blocking element is designed as a bearing eye pivotably accommodated in the guide.

1 3. The drive unit of claim 4,

wherein the blocking element is equipped with a pin on which the actuator engages.

14. The drive unit of claim 7,

wherein the blocking element is equipped with a pin on which the actuator engages. 1 5. The drive unit of claim 8,

wherein the actuator element is formed as a spring .

16. The drive unit of claim 8,

wherein the actuator element is formed as a storage lever sensing a position of a locking mechanism.

Description:
Drive unit for a motor vehicle component

The invention is directed to a drive unit for a motor vehicle component, especially for a motor vehicle door latch component. The drive unit is preferably provided for a drive of a locking mechanism of a motor vehicle door latch. The d rive unit comprises an output element which has a protrusion , an electromotor, which is provided for rotating the output element, with an actuator and with a blocking element, which can be acted on by the actuator, for interaction with the protrusion on the output element.

BACKGROU N D

Drive un its for motor vehicle components are known in diverse compositions and are used in practice millionfold . Such drive u nits are used in particular with so-called electrolatches, i.e. motor veh icle door latches comprising an electromotor d rive for an opening of the locking mechanism by lifting a pawl as a component of the locking mechanism. Such drive units are called electrical opening d rives in this context.

The class-specific state of the art according to DE 1 02 58 645 B4 describes a motor vehicle door latch with several functional units. The pertaining latch mechanism in this context possesses an adjustable drive which can travel into a blocking and a non- blocking position . The stop in the blocking position can interact d irectly with the drive of one of the functional units. To this end , the stop possesses a stop surface corresponding to an engagement element and is also pre-tensioned into a blocking position with spring force. The spring generating spring force functions as an actuator in the above sense in this case. I n the further state of the art according to DE 1 0 2004 027 420 A1 a motorized motor vehicle component is described which is equipped with a motor, a gearbox and a component which can be adjusted with the aid of the drive. Furthermore, an adjustable blocking element is provided for which can be brought into blocking engagement with the drive.

Finally, DE 1 99 48 052 A1 relates to a door latch with an opening aid . To this end , a revolving driving pin driven by a motor is provided for which takes along the pawl on its track when the d rive is switched on and transfers it into a position releasing the catch . The d riving pin subsequently runs against a stop. The stop is arranged on a blocking lever accommodated separately from the pawl. The blocking lever is transferred into its blocking position by the pawl du ring its relocation into the position releasing the catch .

This state of the art has proven itself. However, in the case of electromotorized opening drives for the locking mechanism of motor vehicle door latches, often in practice oscillations or uncontrolled movements of the drive or the drive unit occur upon or following the opening movement. Said movements are attributable, for example, to elasticities in the components typically made of plastic. Unusual noise evolutions or in certain circumstances indifferent functional states are associated with th is. The invention aims to prevent such movements.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION The invention is based on the technical problem of fu rther developing such a drive unit for a motor vehicle component in such a way that functionally safe operation is guaranteed and in particular oscillations in the drive and indifferent functional states are prevented . In order to solve this technical problem , a drive unit is characterized accord ing to the invention in that the protrusion on the output element detaches the blocking element from of a stop by means of a rotational movement, so that the blocking element is transferred from its resting position with the aid of the actuator into a blocking position in which the blocking element blocks rotation of the output element beyond a specified point. This means that initially the blocking element assumes a resting position adjacent to the stop. By means of the rotational movement of the output element and consequently of the protrusion the blocking element is detached from the stop. As a consequence hereof, the blocking element is transferred from its resting position into the blocking position with the aid of the actuator.

The blocking element is initially situated in its resting position before the start of a rotational movement of the output element. Accord ing to the invention , at the start of this rotational movement the protrusion ensures detachment of the blocking element from the stop. I .e. the blocking element is initially held firm in the resting position with the stop and is adjacent to the stop, and is then detached from the stop due to the rotational movement of the output element the blocking element.

Due to the fact that the blocking element is detached from the stop, the blocking element can be transferred into the blocking position . The transfer of the blocking element from its resting position into the blocking position is at least assisted and preferably effected by the actuator. In this blocking position , the blocking element is able to stop the rotational movement of the output element.

As a consequence hereof, the rotation of the output element can be limited to rotation up to a determined point. The determined point is g iven by the position of the blocking position relative to the rest position of the blocking element. Rotation of the output element is preferably limited to a complete revolution. Alternatively, lim itations to less than a complete revolution , for example to a half revolution, are possible. However, more than one rotation is not permitted because the blocking element previously situated in the blocking position stops further movement, i.e. the blocking element situated in the blocking position automatically ensures that the rotational movement of the output element is stopped or blocked , accord ing to the invention, indifferent functional states of the d rive un it therefore can in principally not occur, as the output element is fixed with the aid of the blocking element in the blocking position , provid ing a clear and defined position of the output element. This blocking position can advantageously be terminated by the blocking element situated in the blocking position being transferred into its resting position adjacent to the stop by means of a cessation of force of the output element, i.e. for termination of the blocking position of the blocking element it is only necessary to stop supplying the electromotor with power. The protrusion is thus released from the blocking element and the blocking element can be transferred from the blocking position into the resting position . This is all achieved simply, functionally safe and by means of a simple construction . The blocking element is to this end preferably rotatably accommodated in a guide. The blocking element itself is generally reverse T-shaped possessing two T-legs which are largely vertical to one another. Largely vertical to one another is to be understood to mean , in this context, as the longitudinal axes of the T-legs having an angle of 90°±15° with one another.

The configuration is preferably such that one T-leg of the blocking element has a blocking nose for interacting with the stop at one end and a curved contour at the other end . The blocking element interacts with the protrusion on the output element by means of the curved contour.

The configuration is also advantageously such that the stop and the blocking nose have forms fitting into one another in a tongue- and-groove connection . This configu ration ensures a secure blocking position in a simple manner.

To enable the blocking nose to leave the stop, a pivoting movement of the blocking element is typically necessary which is enabled by the rotatable accommodation of the blocking element in the guide. For this purpose, the other T-leg of the blocking element is advantageously formed as a bearing eye rotatably accommodated in the guide. Thus, the blocking element can be moved backwards and forwards with the relevant T-leg formed as a bearing eye to a certain extent within the guide.

The blocking element is also advantageously equipped with a pin . The actuator can engage the pin. The actuator can be a spring . Alternatively or additionally, the actuator can also be formed as a storage lever sensing a position of the locking mechanism . Such storage levers are used , for example in the state of the art according to DE 1 0 2012 017 677 A1 , in order to prevent an interaction of a triggering element with the locking mechanism during the opening movement of the catch .

As a result, a drive unit is described for a motor vehicle component that is with special advantage configured as a d rive un it for a locking mechanism of a motor vehicle door latch . In this case, it involves an opening drive for the relevant locking mechanism . According to the invention , the drive unit comprises the blocking element, which is transferred from the resting position into the blocking position during a rotation of the output element to block the output element after a specified amount of rotation , preferably after a complete revolution. A further rotation of the output element is consequently not possible. After ending the actuating movement the d rive unit thus assumes a defined functional position .

Hereinafter, the invention is explained in further detail based on drawings showing two preferred exemplary embodiment.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1 the drive unit according to the invention in conjunction with a motor vehicle door latch ,

Fig . 2A-D different positions of the drive unit according to Fig . 1 and

Fig . 3 the object accord ing to Fig . 1 in further detail and other functional position . DETAILED DESCRIPTION

A drive unit for a motor vehicle component is shown in the figures. In the exemplary embodiment and not restrictively, the drive unit works on a locking mechanism of a motor vehicle door latch . To this end , the essential elements of this motor veh icle door latch are shown in Fig . 1 and 3. The locking mechanism consists of a catch 1 and a pawl 2. A triggering lever 3 is also shown . According to the exemplary embodiment and not restrictively, the triggering lever 3 and the pawl 2 are connected and are pivotable around a common axis 4. A pivoting movement of the triggering lever 3, and consequently of the pawl 2, in the anti-clockwise direction around the axis 4, as indicated in Fig . 1 , corresponds to a lifting of the pawl 2 from its engagement with the catch 1 . The catch 1 can subsequently pivot in a spring-assisted manner and release a previously trapped locking bolt. A motor vehicle door, to which the motor vehicle door latch is assigned , can now be opened .

I n this exemplary case, to lift the pawl 2 from its engagement with the catch 1 , the triggering lever 3 is acted on via the drive unit described in further detail below. The drive unit is accordingly an opening drive for the locking mechanism . To this end , the d rive unit has an electromotor 5 equipped with a wormgear 6 oh its pinion shaft. The wormgear 6 drives an output element 7 rotatable with the aid of the electromotor 5 by means of an interconnection on the external circumference which is formed as an output disk in the exemplary embodiment and performs rotational movements around its axis 8. Furthermore, a blocking element 9 is provided for wh ich is being acted on with the aid of an actuator 1 0, said actuator 1 0 being only roughly sketched in Fig. 1 . To open the locking mechanism , the output element 7 acts on the triggering lever 3 and moves it in anti- clockwise direction as depicted in Fig . 1 . The locking mechanism is opened . This is apparent in the transition from the functional position accord ing to Fig . 1 to the functional position according to Fig . 3.

I n Fig . 1 and 3 the actuator 1 0 is formed as a storage lever 1 1 , with the aid of which the triggering lever 3 and consequently the pawl 2 connected to it maintain the catch 1 in a position wh ich is ineffective in relation to the locking mechanism during an opening movement as depicted in Fig. 3. To this end, the actuator 1 0 or the storage lever 1 1 interacts with a storage step or generally a contour 1 2 on the catch 1 , as can be seen comparing Fig . 1 and 3. Thus, the actuator 1 0 or the storage lever 1 1 works, according to the variant in Fig. 1 and 3, in such a way on the blocking element 9, that it is moved radially in a direction towards the axis 8 of the output element 7 as depicted by an arrow in Fig . 1 .

I n other words, in the variant according to Fig. 1 and 3 the output element 7 ensures via its rotational movement that the triggering lever 3 is pivoted around its axis 4 in an anti-clockwise direction . Hereby the pawl 2 , which is non-rotatably connected to the triggering lever 3, is taken along and detached from the catch 1 , thus opening of the locking mechanism . The catch 1 thereby pivots into its "open" position as shown by an arrow in Fig . 3. An anticlockwise direction movement of the catch 1 corresponds to this. The output element 7 may work on the triggering lever 3 for this purpose by means, for example, of an adjusting lever or crank handle, which is however not depicted in detail.

The catch 1 is shown in its closed position in Fig. 1. On transition from its closed position according to Fig. 1 into the open position according to Fig. 3, the contour 12 on the catch 1 now interacts with the actuator 10 or the storage lever 11. Due to this interaction, the triggering lever 3 and the pawl 2 are kept away from the catch 1 and can consequently not interact with the catch 1. On the other hand, the storage lever 11 or the actuator 10 are acted on radially in the direction towards the axis 8 of the output element 7, as depicted by an arrow in Fig. 1.

Alternatively to the embodiment of the actuator 10 as a storage lever 11 as in Fig. 1 and 3, it is also possible here to have recourse simply to a leg spring 13 shown in the second exemplary embodiment of Fig. 2C. The leg spring 13 lies with one leg against a pin 14 on the blocking element 9 in order to act on the blocking element 9 with a force in the radial direction depicted in Fig. 2C via an arrow. The storage lever 11 of Fig. 1 and 3 can also work on the relevant pin 14 in the same radial direction. Alternatively other spring forms than a leg spring 13 for the actuator 10 are conceivable. Viewing the functional sequence from Fig. 2A to 2D, one sees that the blocking element 9 interacts with a protrusion 15 on the output element 7. The protrusion 15 is arranged on a common axis 8 together with the output element 7 and rotatable around said common axis. Comparing Figs. 2A to 2D, it is apparent that the blocking element 9 overall has a reverse T-shape with a first T-leg 9a and a second T-leg 9b. The first T-leg 9a is equipped with a blocking nose 1 6 at one end . The blocking nose 16 interacts with a stop 1 7 formed in a housing 1 8accomodating the d rive unit. I n the exemplary embod iment, the stop 17 is groove-like. The blocking nose 1 6 has a corresponding spring-like shape so that the blocking nose 1 6 can resting position largely engage into the g roove-like stop 1 7 as shown in Fig . 2A.

The other T-leg 9b of the reverse T-shaped blocking element 9 is on one end form a bearing eye 1 9 that is rotatable accommodated in a guide 20. Like the groove-like stop 17 the g uide 20 is located in or on the housing 1 8, or is formed in the relevant housing 1 8. The housing 1 8 is preferably a plastic injection molded component.

According to the exemplary, the guide 20 is U-shaped so that the bearing eye 1 9 engaging herein can execute pivoting movements in respect of the guide 20. I n the resting position of the blocking element 9 shown in Fig . 2A the lateral leg of the guide 20 limits these movements.

The function is as follows. Starting from the resting position accord ing to Fig . 2A, the electromotor 5 is powered in such a way that the output elements 7 performs an anti-clockwise movement around its axis 8. This anti-clockwise movement is used , as in Fig . 1 and 3, to pivot the triggering lever 3 and consequently the pawl 2 in an anti-clockwise direction around the axis 4. This opening movement opens the locking mechanism . The blocking nose 1 6 of the blocking element 9 lies against the stop 17 in the resting position or the spring-like blocking nose 16 engages into the groove-like stop 1 7.

The start of a rotating movement of the output element 7 around the axis 8 shown in the subsequent Fig. 2B now ensu res that the blocking element 9 is detached in respect of the stop 1 7. As can be seen from the transition from Fig. 2A to Fig . 2B, the protrusion 1 5 together with the output element 7 perform roughly a quarter rotation around the common axis 8 in an anti-clockwise direction. I n this process, the protrusion 15 is comes to lie against a curved contour 21 provided at the other end of the T-leg 9a of the reverse T-shaped blocking element 9. The curved contour 21 is arranged mainly opposite the blocking nose 16. Due to the movement of the protrusion 1 5 against the curved contour 21 the blocking element 9 is rotated relative to its bearing eye 1 9 accommodated within the guide 20, as can be seen comparing Fig. 2A with Fig . 2B. The blocking element 9 hereby performs a clockwise direction movement illustrated in Fig . 2B with consideration of an axis within the guide 20 defined by the bearing eye 1 9.

The described pivoting movement of the blocking element 9 leads to a release of the blocking nose 16 from the stop 1 7. Comparing Fig . 2A with Fig . 2B, it is apparent that the spring-like blocking nose 16 is in this process pivoted out of the groove-like stop 1 7. The blocking element 9 is thus released from the stop 1 7.

As the blocking element 9 is now no longer held by the stop 1 7 in the resting position , the actuator 10, as shown in Fig . 2C, ensu res that the blocking element 9 is pushed within the guide 20 radially in a direction towards the axis 8 of the output element 7. The actuator 10 shown in Fig. 2C is the spring or leg spring 1 3 acting on the pin 14 on the blocking element 9 to this end . Alternatively, the actuator 1 0 embodied as a storage lever 1 1 according to the first exemplary embodiment according to Fig. 1 and 3 can ensure action on the blocking element 9 in the radial direction depicted in Fig . 2C.

As a consequence of the radial movement of the blocking element 9, as shown in the transition from the functional position in Fig. 2B to the functional position according to Fig . 2C , the blocking nose 1 6 also moves away from the stop 17 in a transverse d irection . Thus, the blocking nose 16 can no longer interact with the stop 1 7 in this functional position. A blocking position of the blocking element 9 is shown u ltimately in Fig . 2D. As soon as the blocking element 9 has, aided by the actuator 1 0, assumed the blocking position of Fig . 2D, the protrusion 1 5 is blocked and stopped by the blocking element 9. The same applies to the output element 7 and consequently the electromotor 5 and thus the drive unit overall. It is apparent in the transition from the functional position of Fig . 2C to Fig . 2D that the blocking element 9 is radially shifted with respect to the guide 20 with the aid of the protrusion 1 5 until the blocking nose 1 6 is again positioned opposite the stop 17. A rotation of the output element 9 beyond a specified point is hereby blocked. In both shown exemplary embodiments, this specified point corresponds to a complete revolution of the output element 7. In principle, it is possible to select other specified points beyond which rotation is blocked by adjustment of the shape of the blocking element 9, for example, a point corresponding to half a revolution. It is apparent that during the entire functional sequence from Fig . 2A with the blocking element 9 situated in the resting position to Fig . 2D with the blocking position of the blocking element 9, the protrusion 1 5 and consequently also the output element 7 has executed a rotational movement around approximately 360° . A further rotation of the output element 7 is not possible d ue to the protrusion 15 having transferred the blocking element 9 from the resting position into the blocking position du ring the opening movement. Ultimately, the drive unit has itself ensured the blockage.

If now, starting from the blocking position of the blocking element 9 illustrated in Fig. 2 D, the electromotor 5 ceases exerting a force on the blocking element 8 via the output element 7 and the protrusion 1 5, then, as illustrated in Fig. 2D by the arrow in a clockwise direction , the blocking element 9 is released and pushes the protrusion 1 5 in clockwise d irection. Thus, the blocking element 9 resets and assumes its resting position accord ing to the illustration in Fig . 2A. i.e. the blocking element 9 situated in the blocking position according to Fig. 2D is transferred into its resting position adjacent on the stop 17 by the described reversing movement of the output element 7. It is conceivable to utilize a different design , not shown in the figures, wherein the output element 7 with the protrusion 1 5 is blocked after the blocking element 9 has reached its blocking position, a blockade being effected via a self-locking of the electromotor 5 or via a separate blocking device. I n this design , the reset of the blocking element 9 is effected via a release of the blocking device or via a reverse movement of the electromotor 5.