Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
DUAL-AXIS HINGE ASSEMBLIES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/194796
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A dual-axis hinge assembly may include a casing defining a first slot and a second slot. Further, the dual-axis hinge assembly may include a first shaft and a second shaft received through the first and second slots, respectively. The first shaft and the second shaft may engage with a first housing and a second housing of an electronic device. Furthermore, dual-axis hinge assembly may include a foldable linkage disposed in the casing and connected between the first shaft and the second shaft. Furthermore, dual-axis hinge assembly may include an elastic member connected to the foldable linkage. The foldable linkage and the elastic member may enable the first shaft and the second shaft to slide along the first slot and the second slot to variably adjust a distance between a pivot axis of the first housing and a pivot axis of the second housing.

Inventors:
CHEN, Wei-Chung (10F No. 66, Jingmao 2nd Rd NanGang,District, Taipei ., 11568, TW)
WU, Kuan-Ting (10F No. 66, Jingmao 2nd Rd NanGang,District, Taipei ., 11568, TW)
Application Number:
US2018/025978
Publication Date:
October 10, 2019
Filing Date:
April 04, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, L.P. (10300 Energy Drive, Spring, Texas, 77389, US)
International Classes:
G06K1/16; H05K5/00
Foreign References:
US7418766B22008-09-02
US20010055197A12001-12-27
US20100232096A12010-09-16
US20130003278A12013-01-03
US20160132075A12016-05-12
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
SU, Benjamin et al. (HP Inc, Intellectual Property,3390 E. Harmony Road, Mail Stop 35, Fort Collins Colorado, 80528, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A dual-axis hinge assembly comprising:

a casing defining a first slot and a second slot;

a first shaft and a second shaft received through the first slot and the second slot, respectively, wherein the first shaft and the second shaft are to engage with a first housing and a second housing of an electronic device to pivotably connect toe first housing to the second housing;

a foldable linkage disposed in the casing and connected between the first shaft and toe second shaft; and

an elastic member connected to the foldable linkage, wherein toe foldable linkage and the elastic member are to enable toe first shaft and the second shaft to slide along toe first slot and the second slot to variably adjust a distance between a pivot axis of the first housing and a pivot axis of the second housing.

2. The dual-axis hinge assembly of claim 1 , further comprising:

a first pair of support rails disposed on the first shaft; and

a second pair of support rails disposed on tire second shaft, wherein the foldable linkage is connected between the first shaft and toe second shaft via the first pair of support rails and the second pair of support rails.

3. The dual-axis hinge assembly of claim 1 , wherein toe foldable linkage comprises a scissor mechanism, and wherein the elastic member is a torsion spring connected between links of the foldable linkage at a pivot joint.

4. The dual-axis hinge assembly of claim 1 ,

wherein the elastic member is to retract toe foldable linkage to lock a position of the first and second shafts at respective inmost ends of the first and second slots when tiie first housing is closed or opened at 360° relative to the second housing with no object disposed in-between, and

wherein the elastic member is to enable the foldable linkage to extend such that the first and second shafts are to slide along the first and second slots towards respective outmost ends when the first housing is closed or opened at 360” relative to toe second housing with an object in-between.

5. The dual-axis hinge assembly of claim 1 , wherein the casing is formed by a hinge cap and a pair of hinge brackets connected to the hinge cap at both sides such that the first slot and the second slot are defined in a first hinge bracket of the pair of hinge brackets.

6. A hinge assembly comprising:

a casing defining a first slot and a second dot in a side wall;

a first shaft and a second shaft received through the first and second slots, respectively, wherein the first and second shafts are to engage with a display housing and a main housing of an electronic device;

a gear unit comprising:

a first gear portion disposed oh the first shaft; and

a second gear portion disposed on the second shaft;

a foldable linkage connected between the first and second shafts; and a spring connected between links of the foldable linkage, wherein the foldable linkage and the spring are to enable the first and second shafts to slide along the first and second slots to variably adjust a distance between a pivot akis of tiie display housing and a pivot axis of the main housing via disengaging the first and second gear portions.

7. The dual-axis hinge assembly of claim 8, wherein the foldable linkage and the spring are to enable the first and second shafts to slide along tire first and second slots to increase the distance between the pivot axis of the display housing and the pivot axis of the main housing when a force exerted during closure or 360° opening of the display housing is greater than a fixed force of the spring.

8. The dual-axis hinge assembly of claim 6, further comprising:

a first pair of support rails disposed on tire first shaft;

a second pair of support rails disposed on the second shaft, wherein the foldable linkage is connected between the first and second shafts via the first pair of support rails and the second pair of support rails.

9. The dual-axis hinge assembly of claim 8, further comprising: a first torque engine connected to the first shaft and disposed between the first pair of support rails; and

a second torque engine connected to tire second shaft and disposed between the second pair of support rails.

10. The dual-axis hinge assembly of claim 6, further comprising:

a third support rail to hold the first gear portion; and

a forth support rail to hold the second gear portion such that the first gear portion is to physically engage with the second gear portion, and wherein the first gear portion is to disengage with the second gear portion when the first and second shafts slide along the first and second slots to increase the distance between the pivot axis of the display housing and the pivot axis of fire main housing.

11. The dual-axis hinge assembly of claim 6, wherein a diameter of the first shaft and the second shaft is less than a length of the first slot and the second slot, respectively, to enable sliding movement of the first shaft and the second shaft

12. An electronic device comprising:

a first housing;

a second housing; and

a hinge assembly pivotally connected to the first housing along a first pivot axis and the second housing along a second pivot axis, the hinge assembly comprising:

a casing defining first and second slots;

first and second shafts received through the first and second slots, respectively, wherein the first and second shafts are engaged with fire first and second housings;

first and second pairs of support rails disposed on the first and second shafts, respectively;

a foldable linkage connected between the first and second shafts via the first and second pairs of support rails; and a spring connected to toe foldable linkage, wherein the foldable linkage and toe spring are to enable the first and second shafts to slide along toe first and second slots, respectively, to vary a distance between the first and second pivot axes.

13. The electronic device of claim 12, wherein the hinge assembly further comprises:

a first torque engine connected to the first shaft; and

a second torque engine connected to the second shaft, wherein the first torque engine and the second torque engine are to provide a frictional resistance between the first housing and the second housing during pivoting motion.

14. The electronic device of claim 12, wherein the hinge assembly further comprises:

a gear unit comprising a first gear portion and a second gear portion;

a third support rail disposed on the first shaft to support the first gear portion; and

a forth support rail disposed on the second shaft to support the second gear portion such that toe first gear portion is to engage with the second gear portion, and wherein the first gear portion is to disengage with the second gear portion when toe first housing is closed or opened at 360® relative to the second housing with an object in-between.

15. The electronic device of claim 12, wherein the first shaft comprises a first bracket to fixedly engage toe first shaft to toe first housing and toe second shaft comprises a second bracket to fixedly engage the second shaft to toe second housing.

Description:
DUAL-AXIS HINGE ASSEMBLIES

BACKGROUND

[0001] Electronic devices such as laptop computers, tablet computers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), flip mobile phones, and the like may include a main housing, a display housing, and a hinge assembly mounted between the main housing and the display housing. For example, the main housing may house a keyboard, a motherboard, and/or other components. The display housing may house a display. The hinge assembly may connect the display housing to the main housing and allow the display housing to rotate relative to the main housing.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0002] Examples are described in the following detailed description and in reference to the drawings, in which;

[0003] FIGs 1 A and 1 B illustrate cross-sectional front views of an example dual-axis hinge assembly, depicting a foldable linkage connected between a first shaft and a second shaft;

[0004] FIGs 2A and 2B illustrate cross-sectional left-side views of the example dual-axis hinge assembly of FIGs, 1A and 1B, respectively, depicting sliding movement of the first shaft and the second shaft along a first slot and a second slot;

[000S] FIGs 3A and 3B illustrate cross-sectional right-side views of the example dual-axis hinge assembly of FIGs 1A and I B, respectively;

[000§] FIGs. 4A and 4B illustrate cross-sectional front views of an example hinge assembly, depicting a foldable linkage and a gear unit connected between a first shaft and a second shaft; [0007] FIGs. 5A and 5B illustrate cross-sectional side views of an example electronic device, depicting variably adjusting a distance between a pivot axis of a first housing and a pivot axis of a second housing;

[0000] FIG. 6A Is a perspective view of an example electronic device induding an example hinge assembly to variably adjust a distance between a pivot axis of a display housing and a pivot aids of a main housing;

[0009] FIG. 6B is a schematic View of the example hinge assembly of FIG.

6A, depicting additional features;

[0010] FIGs. 6C and 6D illustrate cross-sectional side views of the example electronic device of FIG. 6A in a dosed position, showing additional features; and

[0011] FIGs. 7A and 7B illustrate cross-sectional front views of an example hinge assembly, depicting an example gear unit connected between a first shaft and a second shaft.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0012] Hinged electronic devices, such as laptop cbmputers, tablet computers, personal digital assistants (PDAs), and flip mobile phones, may include a main housing and a display housing connected by a hinge. The hinge can be a double-axis construction wherein two shafts are separately attached to the device parts and a coupling is engaged with the two shafts to allow the shafts to be used as two pivot axes. The main housing may house a keyboard and tie display housing may house a display. In a closed position or 360° open position, the two pivot axes may be fixed and positioned even with the plane of contact between the main housing and the display housing. In such cases, the display housing, the display, and/or a keyboard portion may be damaged when a user accidentally puts a stationery in-between the display housing and the main housing while dosing the display housing or opening the display housing at 360°. 100133 Examples described herein may provide a dual-axis hinge assembly for an electronic device» The dual-axis hinge assembly may include a casing defining a first slot and a second slot. Further, tee dual-axis hinge assembly may include a first shaft and a second shaft received through tee first slot and tee second slot, respectively. The first shaft and tee second shaft may engage with a first housing (e.g., display housing) and a second housing (e.g., keyboard housing) of an electronic device to pivotably connect the first housing to tee second housing. Furthermore, the dual-axis hinge assembly may indude a foldable linkage disposed in the casing and connected between the first shaft and tee second shaft. In addition, the dual-axis hinge assembly may indude an elastic member connected to the foldable linkage. In one example, the foldable linkage and tee elastic member may enable tee first shaft and tee second shaft to slide along the first slot and tee second slot to variably adjust a distance between a pivot axis of the first housing and a pivot axis of tee second housing.

[0014] For example, the foldable linkage and the elastic member may enable the first shaft and the second shaft to slide along the first slot and the second slot when a force exerted during closure of tee display housing is greater than a fixed force of the elastic member. Similarly, the elastic member may enable tee first shaft and tee second shaft to slide along tee first slot and tee second slot when a force exerted during opening of tee display housing at 360 ® is greater than a fixed force of tee elastic member.

[0015] Examples described herein may increase the distance between the pivot axis of tee first housing and the pivot axis Of the second housing to prevent any damage when tee first housing is dosed relative to the second housing with an object present in-between, thereby saving maintenance cost

[0016] FIGs. 1A and 1B illustrate cross-sectional front views of an example dual-axis hinge assembly 100, depicting a foldable linkage 108 connected between a first shaft 104 and a second shaft 106. Particularly, FIG. 1A illustrates a cross-sectiona| front view of example dual-axis hinge assembly 100, depicting foldable linkage 108 in a retracted position, FIG. 1B illustrates a cross-sectional front view of example dual-axis hinge assembly 100, depicting foldable linkage 108 in an extended position to increase a distance between a pivot axis (A1) of a first housing and a pivot axis (A2) of a second housing.

[0017] Example dual-axis hinge assembly 100 may include a casing 102 defining a first slot and a second slot (e.g., a first slot 202 and a second slot 204 as shown in FIGs. 2A and 2B). In one example, casing 102 may be formed using a singlepiece structure. In another example, casing 102 may be formed by a hinge cap and a pair of hinge brackets connected to the hinge cap at both sides such that the first slot and the second slot are defined in a first hinge bracket of the pair of hinge brackets. An example casing 102 is explained in FIG. 6B.

[0018] Further, dual-axis hinge assembly 100 may include first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 received through the first slot and file second slot, respectively. In one example, first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 may engage with a respective one of the first housing and the second housing of an electronic device to pivotably conned the first housing to the second housing. In one example, one end of first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 may protrude out of a respective one of the first slot and the second slot (e.g., on one side of casing 102] and fixedly engage with a corresponding one of the first housing and the second housing white other end of first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 may be disposed within an opposite side of casing 102.

[0019] Example dual-axis hinge assembly 100 may include a foldable linkage 108 disposed in casing 102. Foldable linkage 106 may be connected between first shaft 104 and second shaft 106. Example foldable linkage 108 may include a scissor mechanism. Example scissor mechanism may use folding links that are linked in a crisscross X pattern. In other words, scissor mechanism may include intersecting links that are pivotally connected at an intermediate location. An example foldable linkage may be explained in FIGs. 7A and 7B.

[0020] Further, dual-axis hinge assembly 100 may include an elastic member 110 connected to foldable linkage 108. Example elastic member 110 may be a spring. Example spring may be a torsion spring connected between toe Unite of foldable linkage 108 at a pivot joint. In other examples, any other type of spring can be connected between the links of foldable linkage 108 such that toe spring can fold or collapse foldable linkage 108 ih a relaxed state. b>021] in one example, foldable linkage 108 and elastic member 110 may enable first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 to slide along the first slot and toe second slot to variably adjust a distance between pivot axis (A1) of the first housing and pivot axis (A2) of the second housing, as shown in FIG. 1 B.

[0022] As shown in FIG. 1B, dual-axis hinge assembly 100 may include a first pair of support rails 152A and 152B disposed on first shaft 104. Further, dual- axis hinge assembly 100 may indude a second pair of support rails 154A and 154B disposed on second shaft 106. In one example, foldable linkage 108 may be connected between first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 via first pair of support rails 152A and 152B and second pair of support rails 154A and 1548.

[0023] FIGs. 2A and 2B illustrate cross-sectional left-side views of example dual-axis hinge assembly 100 of FIGs. 1A and 1B, respectively, depicting sliding movement of first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 along first slot 202 and second slot 204. Particularly, FIG. 2A illustrates a cross-sectional left-side view of example hinge assembly 100 of FIG. 1A, depicting a lock position of first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 at respective inmost ends of first slot 202 and second slot 204. FIG. 2B illustrates a cross-sectional left-side view of example hinge assembly 100 of FIG. 1B, depicting sliding movement of first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 to respective outmost ends of first slot 202 and second slot 204. For example, similarly named elements of FIGs. 2A and 2B may be similar in structure and/or function to elements described with respect to FIGs. 1A and 1B. The term“inmost ends" may correspond to a minimum distance between first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 and “outmost ends" may correspond to a maximum distance between first shaft 104 and second shaft 106.

[0024] In one example, elastic member (e.g., elastic member 110 as shown in FIGs. 1A and 1B) may retract foldable linkage 108 to lock a position of first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 at respective inmost ends of first slot 202 and second slot 204 when toe first housing is closed or opened at 360° relative to foe second housing with no object disposed in-between (e.g., as shown in FIG. 2A). In this example, the distance between A1 and A2 may be d1. In another example, elastic member (e g., elastic member 110 as shown in FIGs. 1A and 1B) may enable foldable linkage 108 to extend such that first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 can slide along first dot 202 and second slot 204 towards respedive outmost ends when the first housing is closed or opened at 360 ® relative to the second housing with an object in-between (e.g., as shown in FIG. 2B). In this example, the distance between A1 and A2 may be d2, where d2>d1. In the example shown in FIG. 2B, support rail 152B and support rail 154B may move away from each other.

[0025] FIGs. 3A and 3B illustrate cross-sectional right-dde views (e.g., opposite to the left-side views as shown in FIGs, 2A and 2B) of example dual- axis hinge assembly 100 of FIGs. 1A and 1B, respectively. Particularly, FIG. 3A may correspond to FIG. 2A, depicting foldable linkage 108 in a retracted position. FIG. 3B may correspond to FIG. 2B, depicting foldable linkage 108 in an extended position to increase the distance between pivot axis (A1) of the first housing and pivot axis (A2) of a second housing (e.g., from d1 to d2). In some examples, a pair of foldable linkages (e.g., 108) may be connected between first shaft 104 and second shaft 106 via opposite sides of support rails 152A, 152B, 154A, and 154B (e.g., as shown in FIGs. 2A, 2B, 3A, and 3B). As shown in FIG. 3B, the distance between support rail 152A and support rail 154A may be increased, for instance, when foe first housing is dosed or opened at 360 ® relative to the second housing with foe object in-between.

[0026] FIGs.4A and 4B illustrate cross-sectional front views of an example hinge assembly 400, depicting a foldable linkage 410 and a gear unit 408 connected between a first shaft 404 and a second shaft 406. Example hinge assembly 400 may indude a casing 402 defining a first slot and a second slot in a side wall 414.

[0027] Example hinge assembly 4Q0 may include first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 received through the first and second dots, respectively. In one example, first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 may engage with a display housing and a main housing of an electronic device (e.g,, as shown in FIGS. 5A and SB).

[0023] Further, example hinge assembly 400 may include gear unit 408 connected between first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 to enable synchronous rotation between first shaft 404 and second shaft 406. In one example, gear unit 408 may enable first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 to rotate in a synchronous manner in reverse directions upon rotating the first housing with respect to toe second housing (e.g., while opening and/or closing of the first housing relative to the second housing).

[0029] As shown in FIG. 4A, gear unit 408 may include a first gear portion

408A disposed on first shaft 404 and a second gear portion 408B disposed on second shaft 406. As shown in FIG. 4B, hinge assembly 400 may include a third support rail 456 to hold first gear portion 408A and a forth support rail 458 to hold second gear portion 408B such that first gear portion 408A is to physically engage with second gear portion 408B during operation of the electronic device (e.g., when the display housing is rotated relative to toe base housing). An example gear unit 408 is explained in FlGs. 7A and 7B.

[0030] Furthermore, example hinge assembly 400 may indude foldable linkage 410 connected between first Shaft 404 and second shaft 406. Also, example hinge assembly 400 may indude a spring 412 connected between links of foldable linkage 410. As shown in FIG. 4B, example hinge assembly 400 may indude a first pair of support rails 452A and 452B disposed on first shaft 404 and a second pair of support rails 454A and 454B disposed on second shaft 406. In this example, foldable linkage 410 may be connected between first and second shafts 404 and 406 via first pair of support rails 452A and 452B and second pair of support rails 454A and 454B.

[0031] During operation, foldable linkage 410 and spring 412 may enable first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 to slide along the first and second slots to variably adjust a distance between a pivot axis (A1) of the display housing and a pivot ads (A2) of the main housing via disengaging first gear portion 408A and second gear portion 408B, as shown in FIG. 4B. This is explained in FIGs. 5A and 5B. In this example, first gear portion 408A may disengage with second gear portion 408B when the first and second shafts 404 and 406 slide along tine first and second slots to increase the distance between pivot axis (A1) and pivot axis (A2), for instance, when the display housing is closed relative to the base housing with an object in-between.

[0032] In other examples, dual-axis hinge assembly 400 may include a first torque engine 460 connected to first shaft 404. In the example shown in FIG, 4B, first torque engine 460 may be disposed between first pair of support rails 452A and 452B. Further, dual-axis hinge assembly 400 may include a second torque engine 462 connected to second shaft 406. in the example shown in FIG, 4B, second torque engine 462 may be disposed between second pair of support rails 454A and 454B. First torque engine 460 and second torque engine 462 may provide friction resistance between the display housing and the main housing during pivoting motion.

[003¾ FIGs. 5A and 5B illustrate cross-sectional side views of an example electronic device 500, depicting variably adjusting a distance between a pivot axis (A1) of display housing 502 and a pivot axis (A2) of main housing 504. Main housing 504 may be connected to display housing 502 by hinge assembly 40Q as shown in FIGs. 4A and 4B. For example, sirrtilarly named elements of FIGs. 5A and 5B may be similar in structure and/or function to elements described with respect to FIGs. 4A and 4B.

[0034] Hinge assembly 400 may include a casing 402 defining a first slot

506 and a second slot 508 ih side wall 414 (e.g., a hinge bracket). Further, first shaft 404 may be fixedly engaged with display housing 502. Second shaft 406 may be fixedly engaged with main housing 504.

[00353 During operation, foldable linkage 410 and spring 412 (e.g., as shown in FIGs, 4A and 4B) may enable first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 to slide along first slot 506 and second slot 508 to increase the distance between pivot axis (A1) and pivot axis (A2) when a force exerted during closure or 360° opening of display housing 502 is greater than a fixed force of spring 412. In this example, first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 may slide along first slot 506 and second slot 508 by torsion or twisting of spring 412 (e.g., torsion spring) when foe force exerted on display housing 502 iS greater than the fixed force of spring 412. In other examples, first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 may slide along first slot 506 and second slot 508 by stretching spring 412 depending on a type of spring 412 connected to foldable linkage 410.

[0036] For example, a display of display housing 502 may abut against keyboard in main housing 504 when the display is dosed relative to main housing 504. As shown in FIG. 5A, a distance between pivot axis A1 and pivot axis A2 is dl, when display housing 502 is dosed relative to main housing 504 With no object disposed in-between.

[003h As shown in FIG. 5B, foldable linkage 410 and spring 412 (e.g., as shown in FIGs. 4A and 4B) may enable first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 to slide along first slot 506 and second slot 508 to increase the distance (i.e., d2, where d2>d1) between pivot axis A1 and pivot axis A2 when display housing 502 is dosed relative to main housing 504 with an object 552 (e.g., a pen, pentii, data card, and the like) in-between. In this example, when display housing 502 physically touches/contacts object 552 during dosure of display housing 50¾ and when the force exerted during closure of display housing 502 is greater than the fixed force of spring 412, then spring 412 may be twisted or stretched to increase the distance between pivot axis A1 and pivot axis A2 (e.g., increased distance between support rail 456 and support rail 458 as shown in FIG. 5B) via foldable linkage 410.

[0038] Similarly, foldable linkage 410 and spring 412 (e.g., as shown in

FIGs. 4A and 4B) may enable first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 to slide along first slot 506 and second slot 508 to increase the distance between pivot axis A1 and pivot axis A2 when display housing 502 is opened 360° relative to main housing 504 with object 552 in-between. When the dosing force on display housing 502 is released (i.e., force exerted is less titan foe fixed force of spring 412), then spring 412 may be returned to a relaxed state, thereby bringing toe distance between pivot axis A1 and pivot axis A2 to a normal distance, i.e., d1.

[0039] in one example, a diameter of first shaft 404 and second shaft 406 can be less than a length of first slot 506 and second slot 508, respectively, to enable sliding movement of first shaft 404 and second shaft 406. Further, first shaft 404 may indude a first bracket to fixedly secure first shaft 404 to display housing 502 and second shaft 406 may indude a second bracket to fixedly secure second shaft 406 to main housing 504. An example electronic device is explained in FIGs. 6A-6D.

[0040] FIG, 6A is a perspective view of an example electronic device 600 induding a hinge assembly 606 to variably adjust a distance between a pivot aids of a first housing 602 (e g., a display housing) and a pivot axis of a second housing 604 (e.g., a main housing). Electronic device 600 may indude second housing 604 and first housing 602 connected to second housing 604 via hinge assembly 606. Hinge assembly 606 may be similar to hinge assembly 100 as shown in FiGs. 1A and 1B. Example electronic device 600 may be a computing system, for example, a laptop, a convertible device, a PDA, a notebook, a subnotebook, a motile telephone, a personal gaming device, or other computing device with first housing 602 doseSbie onto second housing 604. Example convertible device may refer to a device that can be“converted’’ from 6 laptop mode to a tablet mode. In the tablet mode, first housing 602 may be closed with a display fating up and viewable, i.e., first housing 602 may be substantially parallel to and adjacent to second housing 604 with the display viewable.

[0041] For example, second housing 604 may house a keyboard, a battery, a touchpad, and so cm. First housing 602 may house a display (e.g., touch-screen display). Example display may include liquid crystal display (LCD), light emitting diode (LED), electro-luminescent (EL) display, or the like. Electronic device 600 may be equipped with other components such as a camera, audio/ video devices, and the like, depending on the functions of electronic device 600. Hinge assembly 606 may be pivotally connected to first housing 602 along a first pivot axis (A1 ) and second housing 604 along a second pivot axis (A2). Hinge assembly 606 may allow first housing 602 to rotate in directions about rotational axis relative to second housing 604, for instance, between 0° to 360°.

[0042] FIG. 6B is a schematic view of example hinge assembly 606 of FIG.

6A, depicting additional features. Hinge assembly 606 may include a casing 652 defining a pair of slots (e.g., slots 676A and 676B as shown in FIGs. 6C and 6D) in a hinge bracket 656B, In one example, casing 652 may be formed by a hinge cap 654 and a pair of hinge brackets 656A and 656B connected to hinge cap 654 at both sides such that slots 676A and 6768 may be defined in hinge bracket 656B.

[0043] Hinge assembly 606 may include first shaft 658 and second shaft 660 received through first slot 676A and second slot 676B, respectively. Further, first shaft 658 may be engaged with first housing 602 along first piyot axis A1 and second shaft 660 may be engaged with second housing 604 along second pivot axis A2.

[0044] Further, first shaft 658 may include a first bracket 662 to fixedly engage first shaft 658 to first housing 602 and second shaft 660 may include a second bracket 664 to fixedly engage second shaft 660 to second housing 604. First housing 602 can be moved relative to second housing 604 in response to rotation of first housing 602 about hinge assembly 606.

[0045] Furthermore, hinge assembly 606 may include a first pair of support rails 666A and 666B and a second pair of support rails 668A and 668B disposed on first shaft 658 and second shaft 660, respectively. Also, hinge assembly 606 may include a foldable linkage 670 connected between first shaft 658 and second shaft 660 via the first and second pairs of support rails 666A, 666B, 668A, and 668B.

[0046] Further, hinge assembly 606 may include a spring 672 connected to foldable linkage 670. In one example, foldable linkage 670 and spring 672 may enable first shaft 658 and second shaft 660 to slide along first slot and second slot, respectively, to vary a distance between first pivot axis (A1) and second pivot axis (A2), as shown in FIGs. 6C and 6D.

[0047] FIGs. 6C and 6D illustrate cross-sectional side views of example electronic device 600 in a closed position, showing additional features. For example, similarly named elements of FIGs. 6C and 6D may be similar in structure and/or function to elements described with respect to FIG. 6B. As shown in FIGs. 6C and 6D, an end of first shaft 658 may protrude out of casing 652 through first slot 676A and fixedly couple with first housing 602 via first bracket 662, for instance, using screws. Further as shown in FIGs. 6C and 6D, an end of second shaft 660 may protrude out of casing 652 through second slot 676B arid fixedly couple with second housing 604 via second bracket 664, for instance, using screws. Other end of first and second shafts 658 and 660 may engage with hinge bracket 656A of casing 652 (e.g., as shown in FIG. 6B). For example, as shown in FIG. 6B, hinge bracket 656A may include a pair of openings 674A and 674B (e.g., as shown in FIG. 6B) to accommodate/hold other end of shafts 658 and 660, respectively.

[0048] In one example, spring 672 (e.g., as shown in FIG. 6B) may retract foldable linkage 870 to lock a position of first and second shafts 658 and 660 at respective inmost ends of slots 676A and 676B when first housing 6Q2 is closed relative to second housing 604 with no object disposed in-between (e.g., as shown in FIG. 6G). In another example, spring 672 (e.g., as shown in FIG. 6B) may enable foldable linkage 670 to extend such that first and second shafts 658 and 660 can slide along slots 676A arid 676B to variably adjust a distance between first pivot axis A1 and second pivot axis A2. For example, shafts 658 and 660 can slide along slots 676A and 676B to increase foe distance between first pivot axis A1 and second pivot axis A2 when first housing 602 is closed relative to second housing 604 with an object 678 disposed in-between (e.g„ as shown in FIG. 6D).

[0049] In this example, first and second shafts 658 and 660 may slide along first and second slots 676A and 676B, respectively, to increase foe distance between first pivot axis A1 and second pivot axis A2 when display side of first housing 602 touches the object 678 during closure of first housing 602 and force exerted during closure of first housing 602 is greater than a fixed force of spring 672. Examples described herein can also be used in other hinge structures provided that the distance between first pivot axis A1 and second pivot axis A2 can be adjusted via a foldable linkage and a spring when first housing 602 is closed or opened at 360 6 relative to second housing 604 with an object in- between.

[0050] FIGs. 7A and 7B illustrate cross-sectional front views of an example hinge assembly 606, depicting an example gear unit connected between a first shaft 658 and a second shaft 660. For example, similarly named elements of FIGs. 7A and 7B may be similar in structure and/or function to elements described with respect to FIGs. 6B to 6D. As shown in FIGs. 7 A and 7B, foldable linkage 670 may include intersecting links 702A-702D that are pivotally connected at an intermediate location. For example, foldable linkage 670 may be formed of intersecting links 702A and 702B that are connected at a pivot joint

704A and intersecting links 702C and 702D that are connected at a pivot joint 704B. Further, intersecting links 702A and 702C may be connected at an intermediate location 706B and intersecting links 702B and 702D may be connected at an intermediate location 706A. In some examples, a first spring 672A may be connected at pivot joint 704A and a second spring 672B may be connected at pivot joint 704B to bring foldable linkage 670 to a retracted position in a relaxed state.

[0051] Further, hinge assembly 606 may ihdude a first torque engine 708Ά connected to first shaft 658. Further, hinge assembly 606 may include a second torque engine 708B connected to second shaft 660. First torque engine 708A and second torque engine 708B may provide a frictional resistance between a first housing and a second housing during pivoting motion.

[0052] Further, hinge assembly 606 may include a gear unit 710 having a first gear portion and a second gear portion. As shown in FIGs. 7A and 7B, the first gear portion may include a first guide threaded portion 716, a gear wheel 718, and a gear holder 720 to hold gear wheel 718. Further, the second gear portion may include a second guide threaded portion 722. In some examples, gear wheel 718 may engage with first guide threaded portion 718 and second guide threaded portion 722 to enable synchronous rotation between first shaft 658 and second shaft 660 in reverse directions. Further, gear holder 720 may hold gear wheel 718 such that gear wheel 718 may be physically engaged with first guide threaded portion 716 and second guide threaded portion 722.

[0053] Hinge assembly 606 may further include a third support rail 712 disposed on first shaft 658 to support the first gear portion (i.e., first guide threaded portion 716, gear wheel 718, and gear holder 720) and a forth support rail 714 disposed on second shaft 660 to support toe second gear portion (i.e., second guide threaded portion 722) such that the first gear portion is to engage with toe second gear portion (i,e., gear wheel 718 may be physically engaged With first guide threaded portion 716 and second guide threaded potion 722 as shown in FIG. 7A). In some examples, the first gear portion may disengage with the second gear portion (i.e., gear wheel 718 may be disengaged with second guide threaded portion 722 as shown in FIG. 7B) to increase the distance between toe pivot axis of the display housing and the pivot axis of toe main housing when toe first housing is closed or opened at 360* relative to the second housing with an object in-between.

[0054] It may be noted that toe above-described examples of the present solution are for toe purpose of illustration only. Although toe solution has been described in conjunction with a specific embodiment thereof, numerous modifications rhay be possible without materially departing from the teachings and advantages of the subject matter described herein. Other substitutions, modifications and changes may be made without departing from the spirit of toe present solution. All of the features disclosed in this specification (including any accompanying claims, abstract and drawings), and/or all of the steps of any method or process so disclosed, may be combined in any combination, except combinations where at least some of such features and/or steps are mutually exclusive. [0055] The terms“include,”“have," and variations thereof, as used herein, have the same meaning as the term“comprise" or appropriate variation thereof» Furthermore, the term "based on," as used herein, means "based at least in part on." Thus, a feature that is described as based on some stimulus can be based on the stimulus or a combination of stimuli including foe stimulus.

[0056] The present description has been shown and described with reference to the foregoing examples. It is understood, however, that other forms, details, and examples can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present subject matter that is defined in the following claims.