Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
DUAL-GRIP PORTABLE COUNTERMEASURE DEVICE AGAINST UNMANNED SYSTEMS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/217495
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A portable countermeasure device is provided comprising one or more directional antennae, one or more disruption components and at least one activator. The portable countermeasure device further comprises a body having a dual-grip configuration, with the directional antennae are affixed to a front portion of the body. The one or more disruption components may be internally mounted within the device body. The dual-grip configuration allows an operator to use his body to steady and support the device while maintaining the antenna on target. The second grip is positioned adjacent the first grip, with the first grip angled toward the rear of the device and the second grip angled toward the front of the device. The portable countermeasure device is aimed at a specific drone, the activator is engaged, and disruptive signals are directed toward the drone, disrupting the control, navigation, and other signals to and from the drone.

Inventors:
MORROW, Alexander (505 King Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, 43201-2693, US)
STAMM, Daniel E. (505 King Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, 43201-2693, US)
WELSH, Raphael J. (505 King Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, 43201-2693, US)
LOESCH, Daniel G. (505 King Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, 43201-2693, US)
Application Number:
US2018/032732
Publication Date:
November 29, 2018
Filing Date:
May 15, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITUTE (505 King Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, 43201-2693, US)
International Classes:
H04K3/00
Foreign References:
US20110000389A12011-01-06
US20090287363A12009-11-19
US20150229434A12015-08-13
US20050011101A12005-01-20
US20130040149W2013-05-08
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
KLEIN, Richard M. (Fay Sharpe LLP, 1228 Euclid AvenueFifth Floo, Cleveland Ohio, 44115, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1 . A dual-grip portable countermeasure device, comprising:

a body, the body including a first grip and a second grip, the second grip adjacent the first grip located on a bottom portion of the body; and

at least one directional antenna coupled to a front of the body.

2. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 1 , further comprising: a first activator located adjacent the first grip; and

a second activator located adjacent the second grip, wherein the first activator and the second activator are in electronic communication with at least one signal disruption component.

3. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 2, wherein the first grip is angled toward a buttstock of the body, and wherein the second grip is angled opposite the first grip toward the front of the body.

4. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 3, wherein the first and second grips are pistol-style grips.

5. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 4, wherein the at least one signal disruption component further comprises:

at least one signal generator; and

at least one amplifier coupled to the at least one signal generator, wherein the at least one signal generator is configured to generate a disruptive signal on an associated frequency band and the corresponding at least one amplifier amplifies the generated disruptive signal.

6. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 5, wherein the at least one directional antenna is selected from the group consisting of a helical antenna, a Yagi antenna, a spiral antenna, a conical antenna, a patch antenna, a phased array antenna, an LPDA antenna, or a parabolic antenna.

7. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 6, further comprising at least one haptic feedback component, the haptic feedback component in communication with at least one of the first activator or the second activator, wherein the at least one haptic feedback component is operative to generate haptic feedback in accordance with an activation of the first activator or the second activator.

8. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 7, further comprising a power source selected from the group comprising a battery pack or an external power supply.

9. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 8, wherein the body further comprises a connector component located on the buttstock, the connector component configured to removably couple the at least one signal disruption component to the power source.

10. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 9, further comprising a selector switch, the selector switch in communication with the at least one signal disruption component and operable to select one or more frequency bands in which a signal is generated.

1 1 . The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 10, wherein the at least one disruption component generates disruption signals in at least one of the 72MHZ frequency band, the 400MHz frequency band, the 800MHz frequency band, the 900MHz frequency band, the 1.2GHz frequency band, the 1 .5GHz frequency band, the 2.4GHz frequency band, or the 5.8GHz frequency band.

12. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 1 1 , wherein disruption signals include at least one of noise, spoofing, or alternate control commands.

13. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 12, further comprising a display component in communication with the at least one signal disruption component, wherein the display component is operable to visually indicate an activation of the at least one signal disruption component.

14. A dual-grip portable countermeasure device, comprising:

a body, the body including:

a first grip located on a bottom portion of the body,

a second grip, the second grip adjacent the first grip located on the bottom portion of the body, and

a buttstock formed on a rear portion of the body, wherein the first grip is angled toward a buttstock of the body, and wherein the second grip is angled opposite the first grip toward the front of the body; and

a connector located on the buttstock, the connector configured to removably couple with an external power supply; and

a plurality of disruption components located within the body and in communication with the external power supply via the connector, the disruption components configured to generate a plurality of disruption signals on a corresponding plurality of associated frequency bands.

15. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 14, further comprising: a first activator coupled to the body adjacent the first grip and in operable communication with the external power supply and at least one of the plurality of disruption component;

a second activator coupled to the body adjacent the second grip and in operable communication with the external power supply and at least one of the plurality of disruption components; and

a plurality of directional antennae in communication with the plurality of disruption components, the plurality of directional antennae configured to emit a corresponding plurality of disruption signals generated by the plurality of disruption components.

16. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 15, further comprising at least one haptic feedback component, the haptic feedback component in communication with at least one of the first activator or the second activator, wherein the at least one haptic feedback component is operative to generate haptic feedback in accordance with an activation of the first activator or the second activator.

17. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 16, further comprising a display component in communication with the at least one signal disruption component, wherein the display component is operable to visually indicate an activation of the at least one signal disruption component.

18. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 17, wherein the frequency bands correspond to the 72MHz frequency band, the 400MHz frequency band, the 800MHz frequency band, the 900MHz frequency band, the 1 .2GHz frequency band, the 1 .5GHz frequency band, and the 2.4GHz frequency band, and the 5.8GHz frequency band.

19. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 18, further comprising a selector switch on a first side of the body, the selector switch operable to enable activation of at least one of the plurality of disruption components responsive to a corresponding activation of the first activator or the second activator.

20. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device of claim 19, further comprising a display component in communication with the at least one signal disruption component, wherein the display component is operable to visually indicate an activation of the at least one signal disruption component.

Description:
DUAL-GRIP PORTABLE COUNTERMEASURE

DEVICE AGAINST UNMANNED SYSTEMS

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] This application claims priority to U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 15/596,842 filed May 16, 2017, which is a continuation-in-part of U.S. Patent Application Serial No. 15/274,021 , filed September 23, 2016 and titled PORTABLE COUNTERMEASURE DEVICE AGAINST UNMANNED SYSTEMS, which claims priority to U.S. Provisional Patent Application Serial No. 62/222,475, filed September 23, 201 5, titled ELECTRONIC DRONE DEFENDER-WIRELESS JAMMING AND SIGNAL HACKING, the disclosures of which are incorporated by reference in their entirety herein.

BACKGROUND

[0002] The following relates generally to the electronic countermeasure arts, the unmanned autonomous vehicle arts, signal jamming arts, communications arts, satellite navigation and communication arts, law enforcement arts, military science arts, and the like. It finds particular application in conjunction with the jamming and hijacking of drones, and will be described with particular reference thereto. However, it will be understood that it also finds application in other usage scenarios and is not necessarily lim ited to the aforementioned application.

[0003] Unmanned or autonomous aerial vehicles ("UAV), more commonly known as "drones", have become more and more prevalent in both the military and civilian context. Current, commercially available drones embody technology that was until recently, solely within the purview of governmental entities. The drones available to the civilian and m ilitary markets include navigation systems, various types of eavesdropping components, high-definition or real-time video output, long life lithium batteries, and the like. Furthermore, current civilian models may be operated by any individual, without regarding to licensing or regulation.

[0004] The propagation of civilian drone usage has resulted in invasions of privacy, interference with official governmental operations, spying on neighbors, spying on government installations, and myriad other offensive operations. Military usage of drones, including armed drones, has increased substantially as battery storage has increased and power consumption has decreased. This widespread use of drones has led to security and privacy concerns for the military, law enforcement, and the private citizen. Furthermore, drones have substantially decreased in size, resulting in smaller and smaller, while the capabilities of the drones themselves have increased. This poses a security risk for security personnel as the operator of the drone may be far away, making the determination of the operator's intent particularly difficult to ascertain.

[0005] The drones in use typically operate using multiple frequency bands, some bands used for control signals between the drone and the operator, GPS/GLONASS signals for navigation, and other frequency bands for video and/or audio signal transmissions. This use of multiple frequencies results in difficulty in effectively tailoring a jamming signal directed solely to the offending drone, without negatively impacting other, non-offensive radio-frequency devices.

[0006] Furthermore, current commercially available jammers, while illegal in some jurisdictions, are generally omnidirectional in nature. To avoid issues relating to non-offensive devices, these jammers typically are limited in radius from less than a meter to 25 meters. Those jammers having larger effective radii for signal jamm ing or denial require substantial power (plug-in/non-portable) or are bulky. A common problem with all of these jammers is their inability to specifically target a drone, while allowing non-threatening devices to remain operational. Furthermore, due to the distances, and heights, at which drones operate, the portable jammers currently available lack the ability to effectively jam signals that may be used by the drones. For example, such commercially available jammers for Wi-Fi or GPS will propagate a jamming signal circularly outward, rendering the user's own devices inoperable while within that radius. The unintended consequences of such jamming may cause vehicle accidents or aircraft issues, depending upon the strength and radius of the jammer being used.

[0007] In addition to the foregoing problems, current jammers lack the ruggedness associated with field operations. That is, the commercially available jammers are delicate electronics, not designed for use by soldiers in the field. As noted above, the commercial jammers currently available further utilize multiple antennae, each directed to a different frequency band. These are not ruggedized pieces of equipment, capable of being utilized in field operations by law enforcement, security, or military. The multiple antennae are prone to breakage during transport. Those rugged military or law enforcement jammers that are available are portable in the sense that they are backpack or vehicle born devices, requiring substantial training to effectively operate.

[0008] Previous attempts at hand-held or portable jammers utilized standard form-factors for hand-held weapons. However, these designs are intended to compensate for recoil as the weapon fires. Rifle form-factors typically utilize a two hand approach, with the hands being spaced apart to steady the rifle when firing. This hand placement, with the weight of the average weapon, can be tiring, particulary when holding the weapon on target. Generally, because the weapon fires so quickly, the aforementioned design does not necessarily adversely affect its use. However, with directed energy weapons, which must remain on target while active, this displacement of at least one of the hands away from the body of the operator, places considerable strain on the extended arm.

[0009] Thus, it would be advantageous to provide a ruggedized form factor directional drone jammer that provides a soldier or law enforcement officer with simple, targeted anti-drone capabilities. Such a jammer is portable, including power supply, and comprises a rifle-like form allowing the soldier or law enforcement officer to aim via optic, electronic or open sights at a target drone for jamming of the drone control and/or GPS signals, while preventing interference for other devices utilizing the jammed frequencies. Furthermore, it would be advantageous to provide a suitable form-factor that relieves arm strain while maintaining aim on a targeted drone.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0010] The following discloses a new and improved portable countermeasure device, utilizing a dual-grip embodiment, with directional targeting which addresses the above referenced issues, and others. [0011] In one embodiment, a portable countermeasure device is provided comprising at least one directional antenna, at least one disruption component and at least one activator.

[0012] In another embodiment, a portable countermeasure device is provided having a weapon form factor with dual-grips, the grips located adjacent each other.

[0013] According to another embodiment, a dual-grip portable countermeasure device includes a body having a first grip and a second grip, with the second grip adjacent to the first grip located on a bottom portion of the body. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device further includes at least one directional antenna coupled to a front of the body, and at least one signal disruption component disposed within an interior of the body, the at least one signal disruption component in electronic communication with the at least one directional antenna.

[0014] In accordance with another embodiment, a dual-grip portable countermeasure device, includes a body that has a first grip located on a bottom portion of the body, a second grip adjacent the first grip located on the bottom portion of the body, and a buttstock formed on a rear portion of the body, with the first grip angled toward a buttstock of the body, and the second grip is angled opposite the first grip toward the front of the body. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device also includes a connector located on the buttstock, the connector configured to removably couple with an external power supply. Disruption components are located within the body and are in communication with the external power supply via the connector, the disruption components configured to generate a disruption signals on corresponding associated frequency bands. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device also includes a first activator coupled to the body adjacent the first grip and in operable communication with the external power supply and at least one of the disruption components, and a second activator coupled to the body adjacent the second grip and in operable communication with the external power supply and at least one of the disruption components. The dual-grip portable countermeasure device also includes multiple directional antennae in communication with the disruption components, the directional antennae configured to em it a corresponding plurality of disruption signals generated by the plurality of disruption components. [0015] In another aspect, the portable countermeasure device further comprises a firearm form factor body, wherein the directional antenna is affixed to a front portion of the firearm form factor body. The one or more disruption components may be externally or internally mounted to the firearm form factor body.

[0016] In another aspect, a battery pack is capable of being inserted into an appropriate location on the firearm form factor body so as to supply power to the disruption components. Such a battery pack may comprise a lithium-ion battery, NiMH battery, or the like.

[0017] In another aspect, an external power supply may supply power to the disruption components.

[0018] In yet another aspect, a backpack external power supply may be coupled to the portable countermeasure device via a suitable connection port located on a buttstock of the firearm form factor body.

[0019] In still another aspect, a set of sights is coupled to the firearm form factor body, allowing aiming of the disruption components on a targeted drone.

[0020] In yet another aspect, the disruption components generate disruptive signals across multiple frequency bands via at least one antenna. In some embodiments, the multiple frequency bands include GPS, control signals, and/or Wi- Fi signals. In other embodiments, multiple antennae are used for different frequency bands.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0021] The subject disclosure may take form in various components and arrangements of component, and in various steps and arrangement of steps. The drawings are only for purposes of illustrating the preferred embodiments and are not to be construed as limiting the subject disclosure.

[0022] FIGURE 1 illustrates a functional block diagram of a portable countermeasure device in accordance with one aspect of the exemplary embodiment. [0023] FIGURE 2A illustrates a right side three-dimensional view of an example portable countermeasure device according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0024] FIGURE 2B illustrates a left side three-dimensional view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 2A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0025] FIGURE 2C illustrates a top three-dimensional view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 2A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0026] FIGURE 2D illustrates a bottom three-dimensional view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 2A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0027] FIGURE 2E illustrates a front three-dimensional view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 2A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0028] FIGURE 2F illustrates a rear three-dimensional view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 2A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0029] FIGURE 3A illustrates a right side view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 2A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0030] FIGURE 3B illustrates a left side view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 3A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0031] FIGURE 3C illustrates a top view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 3A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0032] FIGURE 3D illustrates a bottom view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 3A according to one embodiment of the subject application. [0033] FIGURE 3E illustrates a front view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 3A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0034] FIGURE 3F illustrates a back view of the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 3A according to one embodiment of the subject application.

[0035] FIGURE 4 illustrates an external backpack containing the jammer components utilized by the example portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 2.

[0036] FIGURE 5 illustrates a close up view of jammer components utilized by the portable countermeasure device of the example embodiment of FIGURE 2.

[0037] FIGURE 6A illustrates a three-dimensional rendering of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 2A-3F in accordance with one aspect of the exemplary embodiment.

[0038] FIGURE 6B illustrates a three-dimensional rendering of an alternate embodiment of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 2A-3F in accordance with one aspect disclosed herein.

[0039] FIGURE 6C illustrates a three-dimensional rendering of another alternate embodiment of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 2A-3F in accordance with one aspect disclosed herein.

[0040] FIGURE 7A illustrates a three-dimensional side view of a yagi antenna utilized by the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 2A-3F in accordance with one embodiment.

[0041] FIGURE 7B illustrates a three-dimensional top view of the yagi antenna utilized by the portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 7A in accordance with one embodiment.

[0042] FIGURE 7C illustrates a three-dimensional bottom view of the yagi antenna utilized by the portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 7A in accordance with one embodiment.

[0043] FIGURE 7D illustrates a three-dimensional front view of the yagi antenna utilized by the portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 7A in accordance with one embodiment. [0044] FIGURE 7E illustrates a three-dimensional rear view of the yagi antenna utilized by the portable countermeasure device of FIGURE 7 A in accordance with one embodiment.

[0045] FIGURE 8A illustrates a side view of the yagi antenna depicted in FIGURE 7A utilized by the portable countermeasure device in accordance with one embodiment.

[0046] FIGURE 8B illustrates a top view of the yagi antenna depicted in FIGURE 7A utilized by the portable countermeasure device in accordance with one embodiment.

[0047] FIGURE 8C illustrates a bottom view of the yagi antenna depicted in FIGURE 7A utilized by the portable countermeasure device in accordance with one embodiment.

[0048] FIGURE 8D illustrates a front view of the yagi antenna depicted in FIGURE 7A utilized by the portable countermeasure device in accordance with one embodiment.

[0049] FIGURE 8E illustrates a rear view of the yagi antenna depicted in FIGURE 7A utilized by the portable countermeasure device in accordance with one embodiment.

[0050] FIGURE 9A illustrates a close-up view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 2A-3F in accordance with one aspect of the exemplary embodiment.

[0051] FIGURE 9B illustrates another close-up view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 2A-3F in accordance with one aspect of the exemplary embodiment.

[0052] FIGURE 10A illustrates a three-dimensional left side view of the dual- grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0053] FIGURE 10B illustrates a three-dimensional right side view of the dual- grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application. [0054] FIGURE 10C illustrates a three-dimensional top view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0055] FIGURE 10D illustrates a three-dimensional bottom view of the dual- grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0056] FIGURE 10E illustrates a three-dimensional rear view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0057] FIGURE 10F illustrates a three-dimensional front view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0058] FIGURE 1 1 A illustrates a left side view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0059] FIGURE 1 1 B illustrates a right side view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0060] FIGURE 1 1 C illustrates a top view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0061] FIGURE 1 1 D illustrates a bottom view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0062] FIGURE 1 1 E illustrates a rear view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application.

[0063] FIGURE 1 1 F illustrates a front view of the dual-grip configuration of the portable countermeasure device of FIGURES 9A-9B in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0064] One or more embodiments will now be described with reference to the attached drawings, wherein like reference numerals are used to refer to like elements throughout. Aspects of exemplary embodiments related to systems and methods for signal jamm ing and signal hijacking are described herein. In addition, example embodiments are presented hereinafter referring to a rifle-like apparatus that may be aimed by a soldier or law enforcement officer on a drone to disrupt control and/or navigation of the drone, however application of the systems and methods set forth can be made to other areas utilizing electronic countermeasures and privacy protection.

[0065] As described herein, there is described a portable countermeasure device, such as rifle-like or firearm form factor jammer, that can be aimed by a user at a drone, resulting in the disruption of control and/or navigation signals. In one embodiment, the portable countermeasure device includes multiple signal generators and associated amplifiers, producing disruptive, spoofing and/or jamming signals across multiple frequency bands. It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that suitable disruptive signals may include, for example and without lim itation, multi- or single frequency noise signals, alternative command signals, false data signals, and the like. In such an embodiment, a single antenna is coupled to the portable countermeasure device, capable of directing multiple frequency bands of disruptive signals toward a single target, forming a cone around the target. The portable countermeasure device may be self-contained, with replaceable battery packs, or receive power from an external source.

[0066] It will be appreciated that the various components of the portable countermeasure device, as described in greater detail below, may be added to an existing fire arm, an aftermarket rifle stock, or a firearm-like form factor having a customized body incorporating the various components. The portable countermeasure device may be aimed via iron sights, optical scope, or other means for directing the disruptive signals toward a targeted drone. Furthermore, the embodiments disclosed herein may be implemented without software, hardware, or other signal analysis means, enabling a soldier or law enforcement officer to use the portable countermeasure device without substantial training. Such a simplified implementation further ruggedizes the portable countermeasure device for use in harsh environments where weather, lack of resupply, insurgents, crim inals, or the like, may operate.

[0067] Referring now to FIGURE 1 , there is shown a functional block diagram of a portable countermeasure device 100 in accordance with one exemplary embodiment of the subject application. As illustrated in FIGURE 1 , the portable countermeasure device 100 may be implemented in a firearm-like form factor, providing ease of use and familiarization with the user. Accordingly, the portable countermeasure device 100 provides a soldier or law enforcement officer with the ability to specifically target a particular drone with disruptive signals, while m inimizing the impact of the generated signal on other, non-targeted devices. It will be appreciated that the various components depicted in FIGURE 1 are for purposes of illustrating aspects of the exemplary hardware are capable of being substituted therein.

[0068] It will be appreciated that the portable countermeasure device 100 of FIGURE 1 is capable of implementation in a variety of handheld or portable form factors, and the illustrations depicted and discussed hereinafter provide exemplary, and non-lim iting, form factors contemplated hereunder. As shown in FIGURE 1 , the portable countermeasure device 100 comprises a body 102 including signal disruption components 104, e.g. , at least one signal generator 106 and at least one amplifier 108. The illustration of FIGURE 1 depicts a portable countermeasure device 100 that utilizes a dual-grip configuration, having a first grip 114 in location typical with the typical pistol-grip rifle, and second grip 115 in relatively close proxim ity to the first grip 114. In some embodiments, as illustrated hereinafter, the first and second grips 114 and 115 may be adjacent each other, with the second grip 115 cantilevered or angled forward, towards the front of the device 110 and the first grip 114 cantilevered or angled back towards the rear of the device 110. In other embodiments, as will be appreciated by those skilled in the art, the body 102 may, for example and without limitation, resemble a commonly used rifle, including, without limitation, M4 carbine, M14, AR-platform, or the like, comprising an upper receiver and a lower receiver, as well as other rifle designs, as will be appreciated by those skilled in the art including, for example, modular rifle designs, standard rifle designs, and the like. Depending upon the configuration of the portable countermeasure device 100, the signal disruption components 104 may be contained in the upper receiver, the lower receiver, or both.

[0069] The body 102 may be constructed of non-metallic materials, i.e. , ballistic plastic, carbon fiber, ceramics, etc. , or suitable non-transmissive metallic composites. The body 102 may be implemented in a suitable form factor with which soldiers and/or law enforcement personnel are already familiar, e.g. , the aforementioned M4 carbine, AR-platform, AK-platform, SCAR, bullpup, etc. It will be appreciated that the width, length, and height of the body 102 may be dependent upon the size and number of generators 106 and amplifiers 108 either integral therein or externally affixed thereto. According to one embodiment, a multifunctional cell is formed as the body 102 to provide both structural support/shape of the portable countermeasure device 100 as well as supply power to the components therein. A suitable example of such a multifunctional cell is provided in PCT/US2013/040149, filed May 8, 2013 and titled MULTIFUNCTIONAL CELL FOR STRUCTURAL APPLICATIONS, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated by reference herein. In accordance with another embodiment, the portable countermeasure device 100 may include multiple signal disruption components 104 to combat a variety of potential targets, e.g. , receivers of improvised explosive devices (lEDs), commercial drones, military drones, or other portable electronic devices of enemy combatants or suspects, e.g. , cellular phones, GPS/Satellite-based navigation devices, remote control detonators, etc. A suitable example of a portable countermeasure device 100 that includes multiple signal disruption components 104 within the body 102 is depicted in FIGURES 2A et seq. , as discussed below.

[0070] The portable countermeasure device 100, as shown in FIGURE 1 , includes a first activator 110, located adjacent to the first grip 114, and a second activator 112, located adjacent to the second grip 115 on underside of the body 102. It will be understood that the portable countermeasure device 100 may be implemented with a single activator, whereby multiple disruptive signals are generated via the activation of the single activator. The activators 110-112, as will be appreciated, is operable to close a circuit or "firing mechanism" (not shown) to allow power to flow from the power source, e.g. , backpack (not shown), AC power (not shown), or optional, battery pack (not shown), to the signal generator 106 and amplifier 108 of the signal disruption components 104. It will be appreciated that the activators 110-112 may be implemented as typical firearm triggers, toggle switches, spring-loaded buttons, or the like. According to one embodiment, the first activator 110 is operable to activate control circuitry for disruption of control frequency bands, while the second activator 112 is operable to activate control circuitry for disruption of GPS/navigation bands. An example implementation of the dual activators 110- 112 is embodied in the portable countermeasure device 200 of FIGURES 2A-3F, discussed below.

[0071] In accordance with one embodiment, the signal generator 106 and corresponding amplifier 108, may be configured to generate signals from DC to 30 GHz. In another embodiment, a signal generator 106, with corresponding amplifier 108, is incorporated to generate disruptive signals in the, 70-75MHz, 400-500MHz, 800-900MHZ, 900-1000MHz, 1000MHz-1 .8GHz, 2.0GHz-2.6GHz, 5.0-5.6GHz frequency ranges, or other known control/navigation signal frequency ranges. In one particular embodiment, a signal generator 106 for each of the 72MHz frequency band, the 400MHz frequency band, the 800MHz frequency band, the 900MHz frequency band, the 1 .2GHz frequency band, the 1 .5GHz frequency band, the 2.4GHz frequency band, and the 5.8GHz frequency band, with corresponding amplifiers 108 are incorporated into the portable countermeasure device 100. Additionally, the signal generator 106 may be in communication with memory (not shown) that stores alternative command signals for spoofing or hacking, as will be known in the art, a particular control frequency. In such embodiments, the signal generator 106 may be operable to transmit a different navigation signal (altering the coordinates the drone is receiving from navigation satellites/commands), transmit a control signal indicating the drone should land or return to home, or the like. It will be appreciated that such signals generated via the signal generator 106 may be output in addition to noise, jamming, or the like, or in place thereof.

[0072] In accordance with the example embodiment of FIGURE 1 , the optional battery pack (not shown) supplies suitable power to the disruptions components 104 of the portable countermeasure device 100. In one non-lim iting example, the battery pack may be implemented as a rechargeable battery, including, for example and without lim itation, a lithium-ion battery, a lithium ion polymer battery, a nickel-metal hydride battery, lead-acid battery, nickel-cadmium cell battery, or other suitable, high-capacity source of power. In other embodiments, a non-rechargeable battery may be utilized, as will be appreciated by those skilled in the art. According to one exemplary embodiment, the battery pack is implemented in a magazine form factor, capable of insertion into a battery well (sim ilar to the magazine well of the lower receiver of a rifle). It will be appreciated that such an implementation will be natural to a soldier or law enforcement officer, allowing utilization of existing magazine carrying devices for carrying additional battery packs, familiarity with changing a battery pack, as well as maintain the balance of the portable countermeasure device 100 similar to those rifles with which the soldier or law enforcement officer is most familiar.

[0073] In accordance with another embodiment, the portable countermeasure device 100 may utilize an auxiliary cable to a backpack power supply, a remote power source, a portable generator, fuel cell, vehicle interface, or the like. As shown in FIGURE 1 , a suitable coupling 117 is illustrated as affixed to the buttstock 103, enabling the attachment of a suitable power cable from various sources, e.g. , a battery stored in a backpack, hip/fanny pack, secured to MOLLE webbing, or the like. Furthermore, the skilled artisan will appreciate that the battery pack is not lim ited in form and can be complementary to the form-factor of the portable countermeasure device 100, for example, sim ilar to a rectangular magazine, tubular magazine, and the like, as well as being integrated within the body 102 of the portable countermeasure device 100, i.e. , a structural battery as discussed above.

[0074] According to another embodiment, the portable countermeasure device 100 may include a display 120 operable to display remaining power levels of the battery pack, effective range of the output of the signal disruption components 104 relative to power supply level, or the like. This optional display 120 may be connected to control components (not shown), and be customized to display the frequency selected for output by the jammer components 104. In such an embodiment, the display 120 may be implemented as an LED, LCD, OLED, or other suitable display type. In accordance with one embodiment, the display 120 of the portable countermeasure device 100 may be implemented as a visual indicator associated with operation of the various components of the device 100. It will be appreciated that as the portable countermeasure device 100 does not provide physical recoil when operated, the display 120 provides visual feedback to the operator. As indicated above, one or more LEDs, or other suitable visual indicators, may be utilized, indicating, for example and without limitation that individual circuit cards are powered up, that individual circuit cards are within specified limits, that power is on to the operating /selected antennae, which antennae are operating, and the like.

[0075] In accordance with another embodiment, the portable countermeasure device 100 is equipped with a haptic feedback component 121 , configured to provide haptic feedback through the body 102 (or grips 114, 115) to the operator when the portable countermeasure device 100 is active. In varying embodiments, the haptic feedback component 121 may be activated when one or more triggers 110, 112 are engaged and power to the signal disruption components 104 is on. In such embodiments, the haptic feedback generated by the component 121 may differ so as to indicate which antenna(e) 122 is engaged. As with other directed energy devices, e.g. , lasers, RF generators, radar jammers, etc. having weapons form factors used in electronic warfare, the portable countermeasure device 100 of the subject application the does not provide any observable recoil when activated. Accordingly, the haptic feedback component 121 may provide varying feedback to triggers 110 and/or 112, grips 114 and/or 115, buttstock 103, etc. , indicating activation of the portable countermeasure device 100.

[0076] The portable countermeasure device 100 depicted in FIGURE 1 utilizes a single, multi-function directional antenna 122, extending outward from the body 102 in a direction away from the user. It will be understood that other embodiments, as discussed below, may utilize multiple directional antennae in accordance with the number of disruptive signals to be generated, the types of disruptive signals, desired range, and the like, as illustrated in FIGURES 2A-3F, described below. It will be appreciated that, maintaining a suitable comparison to a rifle, the antenna 122 replaces the barrel of a rifle, thereby maintaining familiarity and ease of operation by the soldier or law enforcement officer. In accordance with some embodiments, the antenna 122 may be "hot-swappable" or "replaceable" in the field, allowing for different directional antennae to be used by the portable countermeasure device 100 in accordance with the battlefield conditions. For example, the distances involved in commercial drone disruption may utilize less power-intensive disruptive signals than m ilitary drone disruption. In such an embodiment, a suitable antenna may not need to be as large, or a different design antenna may be used. In another example, in the event that the antenna 122 is damaged while in the field, an expedient repair capable of being performed by the soldier or law enforcement officer is replacement of the antenna 122, as opposed to having to submit the portable countermeasure device 100 to an armorer or electronics specialist for repair, thereby keeping the portable countermeasure device 100 operative.

[0077] In one particular embodiment, the antenna 122 is implemented as a combined, high-gain, directional antenna having a helical cross-section. Other suitable directional antenna, e.g. , Yagi, cylindrical, parabolic, long period array, spiral, phased array, conical, patch, etc. , are also capable of being utilized in accordance with the disclosure set forth herein.

[0078] Affixed to the top of the body 102, either fixed thereto, or removably attached, e.g. , attachments to a rail (shown in FIGURES 2A-3F), are "iron sights" 124A (with a corresponding sight 124B attached or fixed to the end of the antenna 122), allowing for aiming by the soldier or law enforcement officer of the portable countermeasure device 100 at a target drone. In other embodiments, particularly when the top of the body 102 includes the aforementioned rails, a wide or narrow field of view optical sight may be utilized to allow the soldier or law enforcement officer to target drones beyond the normal field of vision. To avoid unintentional disruption of nearby devices outside the disruption cone 126 directed by the antenna, the sight 124A and/or 124B may be constructed of a suitable non-metallic material. The disruption cone 126 may range from 0 degrees to 180 degrees, including for example and without limitation, 0 to 120 degrees, 0 to 90 degrees, 0-45 degrees, 20 to 30 degrees or variations thereof. The effective range of the portable countermeasure device 100 may extend outward from the antenna 122 at varying ranges, from 0 meters outward greater than or equal to 400 meters in accordance with the power supplied to the disruption components 104. Accordingly, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that the maximum range of the portable countermeasure device 100 may be extended or reduced in accordance with the amount of power supplied to the disruption components 104, the ratio of power to time on target, and the like.

[0079] In operation, the soldier or law enforcement officer will target a drone hovering or flying in an unauthorized area by aiming the antenna 122 of the portable countermeasure device 100 in a manner similar to a regular firearm. That is, the soldier or law enforcement officer, using the iron sights or optical sights 208, directs the antenna 122 of the portable countermeasure device 100 toward the drone. After ensuring that sufficient power is available, and the drone is within the effective range of the portable countermeasure device 100, the soldier or law enforcement officer activates the activator 110 (for all control frequency bands) and/or the activator 112 (for all GPS/navigation frequency bands) to activate the control circuit (not shown), which regulates the power from a battery or other power source to the disruption components 104. In an alternative embodiment, a single activator (not shown) may control activation of all disruption components 104, thereupon simultaneously or sequentially generating disruptions signals as described herein when the activators 110 and 112 are activated. When disrupting multiple frequency bands, e.g. , control signals, Wi-Fi and/or GPS, multiple disruption signal generators 106 and amplifiers 108 are activated to produce the desired disruption signal, e.g. , noise, spoofing, alternate commands, alternate coordinates, etc. , on the selected frequency bands.

[0080] The disruptive signal is then directed through the single antenna 122 (capable of handling multiple frequency bands) or multiple antennae toward the drone at which the portable countermeasure device 100 is aimed. The disruption cone 126 then extends outward from the portable countermeasure device 100 toward the drone, disrupting control and GPS signals effectively negating the presence of the drone in the unauthorized area. Alternative embodiments disclosed herein include generating, via the signal generator 106, alternative commands to the drone, instructing the drone to land, change direction, change video broadcast stream, stop video stream ing/recording, thereby overriding the original control signals. Furthermore, the portable countermeasure device 100 may be configured to transmit altered navigation coordinates, confusing the drone or forcing the drone to leave (or travel to) a particular area. The soldier or law enforcement officer then maintains his/her aim on the drone until the drone falls, retreats, loses power, or the like. The activator(s) 110-112 may then be deactivated by the law enforcement officer or soldier and the disabled drone may then be recovered by the appropriate authority for determination of the owner.

[0081] According to one example embodiment, the portable countermeasure device 100 includes hardware, software, and/or any suitable combination thereof, configured to interact with an associated user, a networked device, networked storage, remote devices, detector systems, tracking systems, and the like. In such an example embodiment, the portable countermeasure device 100 may include a processor, which performs signal analysis, ballistic analysis, or the like, as well as execution of processing instructions which are stored in memory connected to the processor for determining appropriate signal generation for disruption, power supply management, and the like. It will be appreciated that the inclusion of a suitable processor is optional, depending upon the ruggedness of the underlying implementation of the portable countermeasure device 100. Further, it will be understood that separate, integrated control circuitry, or the like, may be incorporated into the portable countermeasure device 100 so as to avoid interference of operations by the disruption components 104, or the like.

[0082] According to another example embodiment, the portable countermeasure device 100 may include a selector control (not shown), which may be located on the exterior of the portable countermeasure device 100. Such a selector control may be operable to select a frequency or frequencies to be generated by the at least one signal generator and amplified by the corresponding at least one amplifier 108. In accordance with one alternate embodiment, a variable amplifier may be used, whereupon power supplied to the signal generators 106 is modified, without increasing the power drain of the portable countermeasure device 100. It will be appreciated that the selector control may be implemented to provide ease of use to the soldier or law enforcement official in the field to reflect the desired target of the portable countermeasure device 100.

[0083] Turning now to FIGURES 2A-3F, therein are illustrated three- dimensional and line views of an example portable countermeasure device 200 utilizing a multi- antenna (202, 204, and 206) implementation of according to one embodiment of the subject disclosure. As shown in FIGURES 2A-3F, the portable countermeasure device 200 instead of utilizing an existing firearm, utilizes a suitable dual-grip firearm-like form factor body 208 to which the various components are attached, e.g. , custom rifle stock. The dual-grip form factor body 208 includes an attachment rail 212 for affixing optics, e.g. , red dot sights, iron sights, holographic sights, or the like, as well as additional components. Suitable rails 212, include, for example and without limitation, Picatinny, Weaver, NATO accessory rail, KeyMod, M-LOK, and the like. In this embodiment, the disruption components (not shown) are inserted within the dual-grip, firearm-like, form factor body 208 in place of the standard firearm components, e.g. , the receiver(s) and barrel. This reduces the cost of implementation of the subject disclosure, while preserving the familiarity with a common weapon for the soldier and/or law enforcement personnel.

[0084] The multiple antennae 202, 204, and 206 illustrated in FIGURES 2A- 3F, are coupled to the body 208 adjacent a reflector 214, which directs signals away from the operator and toward the target. The antennae 202, 204, and 206 may correspond, for example and without limitation, to a Yagi antenna, a proprietary double helical antenna, an LPA, and/or various combinations thereof, depending upon the frequencies being targeted by the portable countermeasure device 200. The body 206 further includes a buttstock section 210 incorporating the connector 117, as discussed supra. In addition to the foregoing, the body 208 of the portable countermeasure device 200 illustrated in FIGURES 2A-3F utilizes the above- mentioned dual-grips 114 and 115. It will be appreciated that the configuration of the first grip 114 angled toward the buttstock 210 and the second grip 115 angled toward the antennae 202, 204, and 206 allow the operator to easily control and aim the device 200 towards an intended target. As shown, the second grip 115 extends downward from the trigger guard of the first trigger 110, and allows an operator easy access to the second trigger 112, without requiring the operator to adjust his/her grip on the device 200. Also depicted in FIGURES 2A-3F is a selector switch 216, optionally included to allow for the operator to select which frequency or frequencies to be jammed by the portable countermeasure device 200. That is, according to one embodiment, the selector 216 is communicatively coupled to the internal disruptor components 104 of the portable countermeasure device 200, allowing the operator to enable jamming of one or more frequencies. FIGURES 6A, 6B, and 6C provide three-dimensional depictions illustrating varying embodiments of the portable countermeasure device 200, including the aforementioned dual-grips 114 and 115.

[0085] As illustrated in FIGURES 6A-6C, the portable countermeasure device 200 may utilize varying embodiments of the antenna 206, as shown therein. In particular, the antenna 206 is representative of a Yagi antenna, suitably configured, in one embodiment, to transmit signals in the 400-500MHz range, with particular emphasis on the 433MHz frequency. The antenna 206, as shown in FIGURES 6A- 6C is capable of implementation using a variety of shields, protecting the antenna from damage during transport and use. A more detailed illustration of one embodiment of the antenna 206 is shown in the three-dimensional views of FIGURES 7A-7E, and the line drawings of FIGURES 8A-8E.

[0086] It will be appreciated that the embodiment of FIGURES 2A-3F, and FIGURES 6A-6C utilizes disruption components 104 located within the body 208 of the portable countermeasure device 200. However, in an alternate embodiment, as depicted in FIGURES 4 and 5, the disruption components 104 may be removably coupled via connector 117 to the portable countermeasure device 200 externally, as shown. [0087] The portable countermeasure device 200 of FIGURES 2A-3F utilizes dual grips 114 and 115 with corresponding dual activators 110 and 112 for respective disruption of control signals and GPS/navigation signals. FIGURES 9A and 9B provide close-up views of an example implementation of the dual grips 114 and 115 with associated dual activators 110 and 112 on the portable countermeasure device 200. The rendering in FIGURES 9A-9B further illustrate the dual grips 114 and 115 of the portable countermeasure device 200. As shown, the first grip 114 is configured to enable the operator to engage the first trigger 110. The cantilevered or forward- angled second grip 115 is configured to enable the operator to engage the second trigger 112, without requiring the operator to adjust his stance or wielding of the device 200, i.e. , the operator does not have to move his hands from the grips 114 or 115 in order to engage the disruption components 104. In accordance with one embodiment, the portable countermeasure device 200 may be modular, rugged, and portable, capable of being transported by a soldier or law enforcement official without damage to the antenna 202-206, the body 208, optics, rail attachments, etc. , may be disassembled and stored in the backpack depicted in FIGURE 5.

[0088] FIGURES 10A-1 OF provide a three-dimensional view of the body 208 of the portable countermeasure device 200 in accordance with one embodiment of the subject application. FIGURES 1 1 A-1 1 F provide a further detailed line view of the body 208 of the portable countermeasure device 200 in accordance with the embodiment of FIGURES 10A-1 OF. As will be appreciated, the body 208, comprising the dual grips 114 and 115, buttstock 203, rails 212, dual-triggers 110-112, and connection 117 is illustrated without the reflector 214, or antennae 202-206. Accordingly, the body 208 comprising the above-identified components, as illustrated in FIGURES 10A-1 1 F is capable of adaptation to a plurality of weapons, including, for example and without lim itation, low-recoil ballistic weapons, directed energy weapons, and the like. It will be understood that the example implementations of FIGURES 1 -1 1 are non-limiting examples of possible firearm-like form factors implemented as the portable countermeasure device 100 according to the disclosures contained herein. [0089] It is to be appreciated that in connection with the particular illustrative embodiments presented herein certain structural and/or function features are described as being incorporated in defined elements and/or components. However, it is contemplated that these features may, to the same or sim ilar benefit, also likewise be incorporated in other elements and/or components where appropriate. It is also to be appreciated that different aspects of the exemplary embodiments may be selectively employed as appropriate to achieve other alternate embodiments suited for desired applications, the other alternate embodiments thereby realizing the respective advantages of the aspects incorporated therein.

[0090] It is also to be appreciated that particular elements or components described herein may have their functionality suitably implemented via hardware, software, firmware or a combination thereof. Additionally, it is to be appreciated that certain elements described herein as incorporated together may under suitable circumstances be stand-alone elements or otherwise divided. Similarly, a plurality of particular functions described as being carried out by one particular element may be carried out by a plurality of distinct elements acting independently to carry out individual functions, or certain individual functions may be split-up and carried out by a plurality of distinct elements acting in concert. Alternately, some elements or components otherwise described and/or shown herein as distinct from one another may be physically or functionally combined where appropriate.

[0091] In short, the present specification has been set forth with reference to preferred embodiments. Obviously, modifications and alterations will occur to others upon reading and understanding the present specification. It is intended that the invention be construed as including all such modifications and alterations insofar as they come within the scope of the appended claims or the equivalents thereof. That is to say, it will be appreciated that various of the above-disclosed and other features and functions, or alternatives thereof, may be desirably combined into many other different systems or applications, and also that various presently unforeseen or unanticipated alternatives, modifications, variations or improvements therein may be subsequently made by those skilled in the art which are similarly intended to be encompassed by the following claims.