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Title:
DYNAMIC POSTURAL DEVICE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/025235
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The dynamic postural device (1) comprises two oscillating elements (2) having respectively: - a seating portion (3) to support a buttock (4) of a user (5); a supporting portion (6) opposite to the seating portion (3) and of a substantially convex shape; in which the supporting portion (6) is adapted to allow the oscillation of the respective oscillating element (2) as a result of the seating of the user (5).

Inventors:
OSTI LEONARDO (IT)
OSTI RAFFAELLA (IT)
Application Number:
IB2017/054789
Publication Date:
February 08, 2018
Filing Date:
August 04, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
OSTI LEONARDO (IT)
OSTI RAFFAELLA (IT)
International Classes:
A47C9/00; A47C3/029; A47C7/02; A47C16/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO2004062434A12004-07-29
Foreign References:
US5584787A1996-12-17
US5292296A1994-03-08
US4285516A1981-08-25
US2156629A1939-05-02
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
GRANA, Daniele (IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1) A dynamic postural device (1), characterized by the fact that it comprises at least two oscillating elements (2) having respectively:

a seating portion (3) to support a buttock (4) of a user (5);

- a supporting portion (6) opposite to said seating portion (3) and of a substantially convex shape;

in which said supporting portion (6) is adapted to allow the oscillation of the respective said oscillating element (2) as a result of the seating of said user (5).

2) The device (1) according to claim 1, characterized by the fact that said supporting portion (6) comprises a supporting surface (8) having a predefined radius of curvature.

3) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that said supporting surface (8) is of a substantially hemispherical shape.

4) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that said supporting portion (6) comprises a plurality of through holes (9).

5) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that said oscillating elements (2) are associated with each other by interposition of connection means (16).

6) The device (1) according to claim 5, characterized by the fact that said connection means (16) have an elongated shape and comprise at least a connection element having a first ending part (17) associated with one of said oscillating elements (2) and a second ending part (18) associated with the other of said oscillating elements (2).

7) The device (1) according to one or more of claims 5 and 6, characterized by the fact that said connection element (16) is the type of a universal joint (19).

8) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that it comprises adjustment means (20) for adjusting the distance of said oscillating elements (2).

9) The device (1) according to claim 8, characterized by the fact that said adjustment means (20) comprise an elastic element. 10) The device (1) according to one or more of claims 8 and 9, characterized by the fact that said adjustment means (20) comprise a telescopic arm.

11) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that each of said oscillating elements (2) comprises a rear portion (11), with respect to the sitting position of said user (5), provided with a lumbar sustaining portion (10).

12) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that said lumbar sustaining portion (10) is the type of an abutment edge.

13) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that each of said oscillating elements (2) comprises a front portion (12), with respect to the sitting position of said user (5), provided with an ergonomic portion (13) adapted to receive and support at least a portion of the legs (14) of said user (5).

14) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that said seating portion (3) comprises padding means (15).

15) The device (1) according to claim 14, characterized by the fact that said seating portion (3) comprises a concave portion adapted to house said padding means (15).

16) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that it comprises limitation means (21) for limiting the oscillation of said oscillating elements (2).

17) The device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterized by the fact that it comprises locking means (22) for locking the oscillation of said oscillating elements (2).

18) Seat (23) for chairs (24), armchairs, or the like, characterized by the fact that it comprises at least a postural device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims.

19) A chair (24), comprising:

bearing means (25) to the ground;

at least a backrest element (26) for the lumbar support of a user (5); at least a supporting portion for the seat of said user (5);

at least a postural device (1) according to one or more of the preceding claims;

characterized by the fact that it comprises height adjustment means (27) of said supporting surface (8).

Description:
DYNAMIC POSTURAL DEVICE

Technical Field

The present invention relates to a dynamic postural device.

Background Art

It is known that a physiologically incorrect posture, particularly for people who remain in a static and sedentary position for a long time, can lead to an uneven distribution of pressures that, by discharging onto the spine, rachis and intervertebral discs, cause a series of possible osteoarticular pathologies.

Indeed, sedentariness is one of the major causes of the aforementioned pathologies, together with the lack of movement that causes an accelerated aging of the intervertebral discs, thus accelerating the degenerative processes related to the age.

Specifically, sedentariness together with incorrect postures are linked either to unsuitable seating devices or precisely to the assumption of incorrect postures often directly related to muscular fatigue caused by staying in the same position for a long time.

Additionally, according to recent studies, maintaining good paravertebral muscle trophism and controlled and modulated movement are among the main and most effective prevention factors.

To date, the seating devices commonly used such as chairs and armchairs comprise a base structure provided with at least three elements resting on the ground often associated with wheels which are adapted to facilitate the displacement thereof in the surrounding environments, and a seating surface for the support of a user.

The seating surface is integrally associated with the base structure; in other words, the seating surface is static and its prolonged use over time is often among the major causes of osteoarticular pathologies.

Furthermore, the seating surface is associated with a lumbar supporting surface which is also generally at least partially blocked.

The static nature of the aforementioned surfaces for both seating and lumbar support makes these chairs and armchairs uncomfortable.

Additionally, the total lack of motion stimuli greatly accelerates the early aging process of the muscles.

In order to at least partly overcome the aforementioned drawbacks, several types of seating device are known which have the lumbar supporting surface and the seating surface movable relative to each other so as to vary the angle formed between the pelvis and the spine in order to counteract the tendency of the spine to curve.

Nevertheless, even in this case the prolonged use of such devices is awkward and uncomfortable.

The fact should also be added that they do not allow for balance control, in fact, they have no mobility adjustments systems for the lumbar supporting surfaces and for the seating surface or, likewise, temporary blocking systems of these. Another type of seating device has a base structure comprising at least three elements resting on the ground and adapted to support a spherical element of the type of a ball.

Generally, the spherical element is made of a flexible material and defines the seating surface.

In this case, the total instability of the seating surface makes these devices, generally made for medical and postural gymnastics, inadequate for prolonged seating over time; this is due to the lack of control on the seating surface, which causes stress and muscular fatigue for prolonged periods of time.

Another type of seating device comprises a base structure provided with at least one element resting on the ground comprising a supporting element of elongated conformation and having a first ending part associated in an unstable manner with the resting element and a second ending part associated with a seating surface.

The first ending part is associated with the resting element by interposition of a joint, e.g. of the universal type, which is adapted to make the seating surface unstable.

Even in this case, the total instability of the seating surface makes the aforementioned devices unsuitable for a prolonged use over time, often causing stress and muscular disease.

In detail, the lack of control puts the user into a situation of shaky and uncontrolled balance which makes the seat uncomfortable for prolonged periods of time.

Additionally, the aforementioned devices do not allow for an adequate air recirculation in the proximity of the gluteus region and in the lower part of the pelvis causing, particularly for prolonged periods of time, an increase in temperature at the lower extremal portion of the rachis; this increases the sensitivity, which is physiologically high in itself, to inflammatory conditions related to the temperature increase in that area.

In addition, the conformation of such devices is unsuitable to the anatomy and variability of conformation and extension of the gluteus region of each individual person, thus resulting in an uneven distribution of the charges in the sitting position.

Description of the Invention

The main aim of the present invention is to provide a dynamic postural device that allows making a seat with a controlled, modular balance and which can be fully blocked, if the case may be.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a dynamic postural device having a seating surface with reduced degrees of freedom and allowing the weight to be divided on the seating surface itself in an even manner.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a dynamic postural device which allows to overcome the aforementioned drawbacks of the prior art within the ambit of a simple, rational, easy, efficient to use and cost-effective solution. The aforementioned objects are achieved by this dynamic postural device having the characteristics of claim 1.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Other characteristics and advantages of the present invention will become more evident from the description of a preferred, but not exclusive, embodiment of a dynamic postural device, illustrated by way of an indicative, but non-limiting example, in the attached drawings in which:

Figure 1 is an axonometric view of the device according to the invention in a first embodiment;

Figure 2 is an axonometric view of the device according to the invention in a second embodiment;

Figure 3 is an axonometric view of the device according to the invention in a third embodiment;

Figure 4 is an axonometric view of the device according to the invention in a fourth embodiment;

Figure 5 is a front view of the device of Figure 4;

Figure 6 is a plan view from above of the device according to the invention in a fifth embodiment;

Figure 7 is a partly sectional side view of the device according to the invention in the operating mode;

Figure 8 is an axonometric view of the device according to the invention in the operating mode.

Embodiments of the Invention

With particular reference to these figures, reference numeral 1 globally indicates a dynamic postural device.

The device 1 comprises two oscillating elements 2.

The two oscillating elements 2 have respectively a seating portion 3 to support a buttock 4 of a user 5, and a supporting portion 6 opposite to the seating portion 3 and of substantially convex shape.

Specifically, the supporting portion 6 is adapted to allow the oscillation of the respective oscillating element 2 as a result of the user 5 sitting on it.

With reference to the particular embodiment shown in the figures, the oscillating elements 2 have a substantially circular conformation. Alternative embodiments with different conformations, i.e. quadrangular, cannot however be ruled out.

Alternatively, as shown in Figure 6, the oscillating elements 2 have a substantially elliptical conformation.

Each oscillating element 2 has a central axis 7 and, with reference to the sitting position of the user 5, the buttocks 4 of the user 5 and the seating portion 3 are coaxial with each other.

The supporting portion 6 comprises a supporting surface 8 having a predefined radius of curvature; this means that the supporting portion 6 may have a more or less marked protrusion according to the extension of the radius of curvature itself.

With reference to a preferred embodiment shown in the figures, the supporting portion 6 is substantially hemispherical.

Moreover, the supporting portion 6 comprises a plurality of through holes 9. The presence of the through holes 9 permits the aeration of the supporting portion 6.

Each of the oscillating elements 2 comprises a rear portion 11 which, with respect to the sitting position of the user 5, is provided with a lumbar sustaining portion 10.

As can be seen in the figures, the lumbar sustaining portion 10 is of the type of an abutment edge made of a material with a high coefficient of friction, i.e., adapted to prevent the user's buttocks from slipping beyond the margin of the oscillating elements 2.

In particular, the aforementioned material is flexible in such a way as to avoid the compression of a portion of the gluteus region of the user 5.

Preferably, the lumbar sustaining portion 10 is made at least partly in an anti decubitus material.

Advantageously, the lumbar sustaining portion 10 has a substantially curvilinear profile.

Alternative embodiments cannot also be ruled out wherein the lumbar sustaining portion 10 comprises a flat surface that develops from a rear portion 11, with respect to the sitting position of the user 5; this allows the user 5 to rest against the lumbar sustaining portion 10.

In addition, each of the oscillating elements 2 comprises a front portion 12 which, always with respect to the sitting position of the user 5, is provided with an ergonomic portion 13 adapted to receive and support at least one portion of the legs 14 of the user 5.

The ergonomic portion 13 has an inclined extension with respect to the central axis 7.

In particular, the ergonomic portion 13 is adapted to prevent the legs 14 of the user 5 from crushing against the margin of the oscillating elements 2. Additionally, in order to improve the comfort of the oscillating elements 2, the seating portion 3 comprises padding means 15.

In particular, the seating portion 3 comprises a concave portion adapted to house the padding means 15.

The presence of the concave portion is adapted to increase the comfort of the seat of the user 5; in this case, the concave portion is substantially complementary to the buttocks of the user 5.

Preferably, the padding means 15 are made of a material commonly used by the technician expert in the field such as e.g. synthetic material and/or natural yarn. Alternative embodiments cannot also be ruled out wherein the padding means 15 are made of recycled material.

It cannot also be ruled out that the padding means 15 extend beyond the margins of the oscillating elements 2.

Furthermore, alternative embodiments cannot be ruled out wherein the padding means 15 are of the type of a layer of flexible material and going beyond the margins of the oscillating elements 2.

The oscillating elements 2 are associated with each other by interposition of connection means 16.

The connection means 16 have an elongated shape and comprise a connection element having a first ending part 17 associated with one of the oscillating elements 2 and a second ending part 18 associated with the other of the oscillating elements 2.

In particular, the connection element 16 is the type of a universal joint 19 (Figure 2).

The universal joint 19 is adapted to allow the free oscillation of an oscillating element 2 with respect to the other.

In an alternative embodiment shown in Figures 1 and 3, the device 1 comprises adjustment means 20 for adjusting the distance of the oscillating elements 2. This way, the distance between the oscillating elements 2 is variable according to the bottom size of the user 5, thus ensuring the coaxial feature of each oscillating element 2 with the relevant buttock 4 of the user 5.

As can be seen in Figure 1, the adjustment means 20 comprise an elastic element.

Alternatively, as can be seen in Figure 3, the adjustment means 20 comprise a telescopic arm.

Furthermore, the device 1 comprises limitation means 21 for limiting the oscillation of the oscillating elements 2.

The limitation means 21 are adapted to vary the degrees of freedom of the oscillating elements 2; this allows modulating the oscillation of the oscillating elements 2 according to the specific needs of the user 5.

The limitation means 21 comprise a plurality of triangular-based limiting elements of the type of wedges.

As can be seen in Figure 5, the limiting elements 21 are associated in a sliding manner with a substantially sheet-shaped base element 28.

The base element 28 has four limiting elements 21 arranged in a radial pattern on the latter and equidistant to each other.

The distance of each limiting element 21 with respect to the related oscillating element 2 can be modulated according to the degree of oscillation one wishes to obtain.

Alternative embodiments cannot also be ruled out wherein the limitation means 21 comprise a plurality of planar elements having a central hole and capable of being placed below the supporting portion 6. The planar elements can be stacked one onto the other in such a way as to make a thickness intended to decrease the degrees of freedom of each oscillating element 2.

Nevertheless, the possibility to stop the oscillation of the oscillating elements 2 cannot be ruled out; in fact, the device 1 comprises locking means 22 for locking the oscillation of the oscillating elements 2.

Preferably, the locking means are of the type of stops commonly used by the technician expert in the field and the thickness of which coincides with the distance between the seating portion 3 and a supporting surface 23 of the device 1 (Figure 5).

Advantageously, the supporting surface 23 is of the rigid type.

The present invention also relates to a seat 23 for chairs 24, armchairs, or the like, comprising the device 1. Furthermore, the present invention also relates to a chair 24 having bearing means 25 for resting to the ground, a backrest element 26 for the lumbar support of the user 5, a supporting surface 8 for the seat of the user 5, and the device 1. The chair 24 comprises height adjustment means 27 of the supporting surface 8. The height adjustment means 27 allow varying the distance from the ground according to the height of the user 5.

The operation of the present invention is as follows.

The device 1 is positioned on a seat 23 of a chair 24.

The user 5, sitting on the device 1, rests each of his/her buttocks 4 on the relevant oscillating element 2.

In particular, each buttock is coaxial to the relevant oscillating element 2; in other words, the centering of each buttock on the relevant oscillating element 2 ensures the distribution of the forces on the latter.

In detail, each buttock 4 is supported on the relevant seating portion 3.

The weight of the user 5, by discharging evenly on the oscillating elements 2 causes the oscillation thereof; the achievement of an unstable state of balance ensures the lumbar stimulation of the user 5.

The oscillation of the supporting surfaces 8 allows the user 5 to divide his/her weight so as to distribute evenly the oscillating forces on the sacral bone and/or on the pelvis.

In addition, the user 5 can modify the oscillation of the oscillating elements 2 through the use of the limiting elements 21, or possibly blocking completely the oscillation thereof by means of the locking means.

It has in practice been found that the disclosed invention achieves the intended objects.

In particular, it is emphasized that the particular solution of providing two oscillating elements associated with each other allows distributing the weight of the user evenly on the pelvis and/or on the sacral bone.

Additionally, the presence of the adjustment elements allows controlling, modulating, customizing and, if necessary, blocking the oscillation of the oscillating elements.

In addition, the fact of providing a lumbar sustaining portion and an ergonomic portion greatly increases the comfort of the device according to the invention.