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Title:
ELECTRICAL CONTACT PIN AND PLUG CONNECTOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/121932
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to an electrical contact pin (33), in particular for a plug connector (1), comprising at least one outer thread (37) for fastening the electrical contact pin (33) to the plug connector (1). The invention further relates to a plug connector (1) for establishing an electrical connection with a mating plug connector (9), comprising an insulating sheath (5) and a contact member (21) at least partially received in a sheath receptacle (17) of the insulating sheath (5). Electrical contact pins (33) and plug connectors (1) are known in the art, wherein the electrical contact pin (33) may get stuck or even damaged during assembly. The inventive electrical contact pin overcomes this disadvantage by at least one centering element (39) with a tapered section (41) for centering and/or positioning of the electrical contact pin (33), which centering element (39) extends from one end (43) of the electrical contact pin (33). The inventive plug connector (1) comprises the inventive electrical contact pin (33).

Inventors:
FRIEDRICH, Torsten (Grosshaderner Str. 7c, Planegg, OT Martinsried, 82152, DE)
WINTER, Axel (Gaisbergstr. 1, München, 81675, DE)
Application Number:
EP2018/085865
Publication Date:
June 27, 2019
Filing Date:
December 19, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
TYCO ELECTRONICS RAYCHEM GMBH (Finsinger Feld 1, Ottobrunn, 85521, DE)
International Classes:
H01R9/18; H01R4/56; H01R13/04; H01R13/05; H01R13/42; H01R13/53
Foreign References:
US20060035497A12006-02-16
US3998520A1976-12-21
US20060286837A12006-12-21
US6368451B12002-04-09
EP1187272A22002-03-13
US3995929A1976-12-07
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MURGITROYD & COMPANY (Scotland House, 165-169 Scotland Street, Glasgow Strathclyde G5 8PL, G5 8PL, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Electrical contact pin (33), in particular for a plug connector (1 ), comprising at least one outer thread (37) for fastening the electrical contact pin (33) to the plug connector (1 ), characterized by at least one centering element (39) with a tapered section (41 ) for centering and/or positioning of the electrical contact pin (33), which centering element (39) extends from one end (43) of the electrical contact pin (33).

2. Electrical contact pin (33) according to claim 1 , characterized in that the tapered section (41 ) has a frustoconical shape (59) or at least partially spherical shape (57).

3. Electrical contact pin (33) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that a maximum diameter (65) of the centering element (39) equals or is smaller than the minor diameter

(67) of the inner thread (83).

4. Electrical contact pin (33) according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized by a spacer (47) embodied between the centering element (39) and the outer thread (37).

5. Electrical contact pin (33) according to claim 4, characterized in that the spacer (47) is embodied as a circumferential notch portion (49).

6. Electrical contact pin (33) according to claim 4 or 5, characterized in that the spacer (47) has a continuous cross-section (53), as seen along the circumferential direction (50).

7. Electrical contact pin (33) according to any one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the centering element (39) and/or the spacer (47) are embodied monolithically with the electrical contact pin (33).

8. Electrical contact pin (33) according to any one of claims 1 to 7, characterized by an abutment member (61 ) for abutting a contact member (21 ) of a plug connector (1 ).

9. Electrical contact pin (33) according to claim 8, characterized in that the diameter of the abutment member (61 ) is larger than the outer diameter (69) of the outer thread (37). 10. Electrical contact pin (33) according to claim 8 or 9, characterized in that the abutment member (61 ) and/or the outer thread (37) are, as seen in extension direction (45) of the electrical contact pin (33), located in a central portion (62) of the electrical contact pin (33).

1 1 . Electrical contact pin (33) according to any one of claims 1 to 10, characterized in that the end (44) of the electrical contact pin (33) being opposite the centering element (39) comprises a further centering element (55) for centering and/or positioning of additional elements (105) to the electrical contact pin (33).

12. Plug connector (1 ) for establishing an electrical connection with a mating plug connector (9), comprising an insulating sheath (5) and a contact member (21 ) at least partially received in a sheath receptacle (17) of the insulating sheath (5), characterized by an electrical contact pin (33) according to any one of claims 1 to 1 1.

13. Plug connector (1 ) according to claim 12, characterized in that the contact member (21 ) is oriented essentially perpendicular to the electrical contact pin (33).

14. Plug connector (1 ) according to claim 13, characterized in that in the assembled state (1 a) the electrical contact pin (33) is flush with the contact member (21 ).

15. Plug connector (1 ) according to claim 13, characterized in that in the assembled state (1 a) the electrical contact pin (33) projects through the contact member (21 ).

Description:
Electrical contact pin and plug connector

The invention relates to an electrical contact pin, in particular for a plug connector, comprising at least one outer thread for fastening the electrical contact pin to the plug connector. The invention further relates to a plug connector for establishing an electrical connection with a mating plug connector, comprising an insulating sheath and a contact member at least partially received in a sheath receptacle of the insulating sheath.

In electronics, in particular in medium voltage electronics, electrical contact pins and plug connectors comprising such electrical contact pins are known. In the literature, the term “ medium voltage" is not uniformly defined. According to the NEMA (National Electrical Manufacturers Association) and the IEEE (Institution of Electrical and Electronic Engineers), medium voltage describes voltages in the order of 0.6 kV up to 100 kV. Electrical contact pins and plug connectors, however, may be applied for all obtainable voltages.

In general, electrical contact pins applied in the field of medium voltages comprise a thread for installation in a plug connector. The plug connectors usually comprise a preferably monolithic insulating sheath or an insulating layer or a screen in order to protect a technician or a person adjacent to an energized cable/connector and to allow lower clearance to grounded parts.

During the installation of the electrical contact pin to the plug connector, the contact member, with which the electrical contact pin is electrically connected, may be improperly positioned within the insulating sheath. Installation of the electrical contact pin may thus be complicated, the electrical contact pin may get stuck during the installation process, and in the worst case, the electrical contact pin may be damaged as the highly conductive metallic material of the pin is rather soft.

One object of the present invention is therefore to provide an electrical contact pin and a plug connector which allow for easy installation, reduced installation times and an increased durability against damage during assembly.

The electrical contact pin mentioned in the beginning solves the above problems by comprising at least one centering element with a tapered section for centering and/or positioning of the electrical contact pin, which centering element extends from one end of the electrical contact pin. The plug connector mentioned in the beginning solves the above problems by comprising an inventive electrical contact pin. The inventive electrical contact pin as well as the inventive plug connector may be improved by further specific embodiments, which are advantageous on their own and whose technical features may be arbitrarily combined with each other. In the embodiments, specific technical features may be omitted if the technical effect obtained with the omitted technical feature is not relevant to the present invention.

A plug connector may be considered according to relevant standards (e.g. IEC 60502-4).Two types of contacts of so-called “ separable connectors" are differentiated: “ plug-in” separable connectors or sliding contact connectors and“bolted” type (screwable) separable connectors. These exemplary and non-limiting plug connectors may be improved by the present invention. Concerning plug connectors, there are two types of separable connectors which are differentiated: screened and unscreened types. Both types use conductive inserts typically molded in insulating material, whereby screened connectors use an additional layer of conductive material on the outside. The conductive material is typically similar to the insulating material, but may be mixed with conductive filler. Furthermore, adapters as additional components may be used to adapt on size of connector body to different cable sizes.

The tapered section is to be understood as a section which becomes progressively smaller towards one end, i.e. towards the end of the tapered section away from the electrical contact pin. The tapered section extends from the end, preferably the end face surface of the electrical contact pin along an extension (or longitudinal) direction of the electrical contact pin. The diameter of the cross-section of the tapered section decreases as the distance from the electrical contact pin increases.

The outer thread of the electrical contact pin may in particular be embodied in at least one end portion of the electrical contact pin. The centering element may extend, preferably in the extension direction, from the portion, e.g. the end portion, of the pin that is embodied with the outer thread.

In a further embodiment, the tapered section may have a frustoconical or at least partially spherical shape.

The tapered section may have a cross-section, i.e. the section in a plane perpendicular to the extension direction of the electrical contact pin, that is essentially circular, wherein in this case, the tapered section may have the shape of a cone with its flat base located at the end of the electrical contact pin. The cone is preferably a right circular cone (not an oblique cone) and may be embodied as an entire cone or a cone with a cut apex resulting in a truncated cone.

In a different embodiment, the tapered section may have a polygonal shape with n edges. The tapered section may exemplarily be embodied as a pyramid, i.e. with four edges. The pyramid may comprise an apex or may be cut and be embodied as a truncated pyramid.

When the cross-section of the tapered section has a polygonal shape, a circumscribed circle may be constructed that preferably contains all edges of the polygon. The diameter of said circumscribed circle becomes progressively smaller towards the end of the tapered section, i.e. away from the electrical contact pin. It is particularly advantageous if an axis of symmetry (for example rotational axis) of the tapered section coincides with an axis of symmetry of the electrical contact pin. This allows for centering and/or positioning of the electrical contact pin independently of an initial rotational orientation of the electrical contact pin.

It is advantageous if a maximum diameter of the centering element equals or is smaller than the minor diameter of the outer thread. The electrical contact pin is adapted to be screwed into a contact member, wherein the minor diameter of the outer thread is equal to or smaller than a minor diameter of an inner thread of said contact member. A centering element having a maximum diameter equal to or smaller than the minor diameter of the outer thread therefore allows for easy insertion of the tapered section into the inner thread of the contact member. A corresponding inventive plug connector may comprise a contact member which is oriented essentially perpendicular to the electrical contact pin. This embodiment results in an angled plug, wherein the contact member is preferably connected to and oriented parallel to a cable, which is essentially perpendicular to the electrical contact pin. Angled plugs allow for an electrical connection when installation space is limited. In the case of a polygon-shaped cross-section of the tapered section, the maximum diameter of the centering element corresponds to the circumscribed circle or the largest dimension of the centering element in the plane of the cross-section.

The inventive electrical contact pin may be further improved by a spacer embodied between the centering element and the outer thread. The spacer increases the distance between the centering element and the outer thread and allows for a larger angle of acceptance.

The angle of acceptance is to be understood as an angle of the electrical contact pin with respect to a normal direction of the inner thread of the contact element into which the electrical contact pin is inserted. In other words, if a spacer is comprised, the electrical contact pin may be reliably centered and/or positioned by the centering element, even if an angular misalignment of the electrical contact pin is present.

The spacer may in particular be embodied as a circumferential notch portion. The notch portion may additionally have a continuous cross-section, as seen along the circumferential direction. The notch portion prevents the outer thread from being blocked at the inner thread of the contact member, wherein the continuous cross-section of the notch avoids notch stress maxima which could result in cracks and further damage to the electrical contact pin.

The centering element may be applied solely during the process of inserting the electrical contact pin into the corresponding contact member. Consequently, the mechanical and electrical requirements of the centering element may differ from the requirements related to mechanical and/or electrical properties of the electrical contact pin. For example, the centering element may comprise a material different from the material of the electrical contact pin. In order to avoid damage to the inner thread of the contact member, the centering element may comprise a polymer with a lower hardness then the material of the inner thread of the contact member. A misaligned introduction of the electrical contact pin into the contact member may thus not damage the inner thread. A polymer of the centering element may therefore be considered as sacrificial material which does not negatively affect the integrity of the inner and/or outer thread. However, in a particularly advantageous embodiment of the inventive electrical contact pin, the centering element and/or the spacer are embodied monolithically with the electrical contact pin. A monolithic embodiment has the advantage that it is easily produced and does not require further assembly steps.

The electrical contact pin may further comprise an abutment member for abutting a contact member of a plug connector. The abutment member, more precisely an abutment surface of the abutment member, may be applied to establish a mechanical contact between the electrical contact pin and the contact member over an even area or surface.

Such a flat abutment between both the contact pin and the contact member establishes the electrical connection between the contact pin and the contact member. Although the outer thread of the electrical contact pin is in mechanical and electrical contact with the inner thread of the contact member, electrical current mainly flows through the abutment surface between the electrical contact pin and the contact member. Furthermore, the abutment member may act as stop member, wherein the abutment of the abutment member automatically limits an insertion depth of the electrical contact pin into the contact member. The abutment member may also be embodied monolithically with the electrical contact pin. In an according embodiment of the inventive plug connector, it may be advantageous if, in the assembled state, the electrical contact pin is flush with the contact member. The flush alignment may be realized by the abutment member, wherein an overall length from the end of the centering element to the abutment surface of the abutment member may equal a thickness of the contact member into which the electrical contact pin is screwed. Once the abutment between the abutment member and the contact member is established, the flush position of the electrical contact pin is achieved.

The diameter of the abutment member may be larger than the outer diameter of the outer thread. This allows the electrical contact pin to be fixed to the contact member by means of a frictional fit obtained in an assembled state of the plug connector. The abutment member automatically abuts and electrically connects the electrical contact pin and the contact member upon sufficient insertion.

The abutment member may be embodied as a cylinder but may also comprise a polygon shaped cross-section. In this case, the diameter of the circumscribed circle of the abutment member’s cross-section is larger than the outer diameter of the outer thread. The abutment member may further comprise a flange section or a flange-like structure in order to increase the contact surface between the abutment member of the electrical contact pin and the contact member. Further extensions of the abutment member may be embodied to increase the contact surface.

In a further embodiment of the inventive electrical contact pin, the abutment member and/or the outer thread are, as seen in the extension direction of the electrical contact pin, located in a central portion of the electrical contact pin.

In one embodiment, the contact pin comprises, in this sequence along the extension direction, the abutment member, the outer thread and the centering element. In another embodiment, the spacer may be provided in between the outer thread and the centering element. In a corresponding embodiment of the inventive plug connector, the electrical contact pin may project through the contact member in the assembled state. The abutment member may therefore have two functions, i.e. to abut the contact member in order to establish an electrical connection and to determine the position of the electrical contact pin with respect to the contact member in the assembled state.

In a preferred embodiment of the inventive plug connector, the electrical contact pin projects symmetrically through the contact member, i.e. it extends symmetrically to both sides of the contact member. The electrical contact pin may therefore be centered in the inventive plug connector.

The inventive electrical contact pin may be further improved in that the end of the electrical contact pin opposite the centering element comprises a further centering element for centering and/or positioning additional elements relative to the electrical contact pin. This allows for easy positioning and centering of additional elements, e.g. electrical connectors or insulating members, relative to an opposite end of the electrical contact pin.

In the corresponding plug connector, the electrical contact pin may therefore be centered and/or positioned with respect to the contact member, may be inserted into the contact member and may, in particular, be brought into a positive engagement with the contact member. This engagement may be performed by the inner and outer thread of the contact member and electrical contact pin, respectively.

The electrical contact pin may be inserted into the contact member so far that it projects through the contact member in both directions along the extension of the electrical contact pin. One end of the electrical contact pin may be applied as a central pin of the plug connector, wherein the second end of the electrical contact pin may represent a second connection possibility, which, to protect a user against electrical hazards, may be provided with a basic insulating plug or an insulating back plug. Such a plug connector is known as a T-plug, which may allow one single cable to be simultaneously connected to two other cables. However, typically, a separable connector may be connected to a bushing e.g. on a switchgear or transformer. T-plugs may thus enable an additional connection of components, e.g. to another T-plug, which can then be connected to another plug, and/or a surge arrester.

The entire T-plug may be located within a T-shaped insulating sheath, wherein the electrical contact pin according to this embodiment projects through and is electrically connected to the contact member and provides two ends that allow an electrical connection with the contact member. It is to be noted that, in contrast to commonly known plug-in connectors, the electrical contact pin or screwable T-connector is itself not primarily intended to transmit current, but to establish a“fixed’ mechanical connection between a cable lug and e.g. a conductor of a bushing. The electrical contact is made via the surfaces of the cable lug and the bushing. The outer thread of the electrical contact pin may be provided along the entire electrical contact pin, or only at sections thereof, in particular at the ends of the contact pin or adjacent to the abutment member. The inventive electrical contact pin, in particular the abutment member, may be embodied symmetrically, such that the same geometry of the plug connector is obtained independently of the direction in which the electrical contact pin is inserted into the contact member.

Using such an electrical contact pin, a symmetrical plug connector may only be obtained if particular provisions of the receiving thread of the contact member are assured. In a particular embodiment of the inventive plug connector, the receiving thread of the contact member is recessed, such that the abutment surface of the abutment member abuts a surface surrounding the inner thread in a central portion of the contact member. The central portion of the contact member is determined with respect to the extension of the (received) electrical contact pin.

In the following, specific embodiments of the inventive electrical contact pin as well as the inventive plug connector will be described based on the accompanying figures. The figures merely depict particular embodiments which are shown exemplarily but which do not limit the scope of protection defined by the claims. The technical features of the following embodiments may be arbitrarily combined and/or omitted if the technical effect obtained with the omitted technical feature is not relevant to the invention. The same technical features, as well as technical features having the same technical effect, will be referred to using the same reference numeral in each case. A repetitive description of technical features will be omitted, whereas differences between the embodiments will be emphasized.

In the figures:

Fig. 1 shows a side view of an angled plug;

Fig. 2 shows a top view of the angled plug of Fig. 1 ;

Figs. 3a) and b) show a side view and a perspective view of a first embodiment of the inventive electrical contact pin;

Fig. 4 shows a side view of a second embodiment of the inventive electrical contact pin; Fig. 5 shows a perspective view of the electrical contact pin of Figs. 3 a) and b) during assembly to a contact member; and

Fig. 6 shows an inventive plug connector in a partially cut side view.

In Fig. 1 a plug connector 1 , which is embodied as an angled plug 3 is shown in an assembled state 1 a in a side view. Here, only the insulating sheath 5 is shown. Further elements located inside the insulating sheath 5 will be described with reference to Fig. 2.

The plug connector 1 may be used to establish an electrical connection between a cable 7 and a schematically shown mating plug connector 9 which is connected to a further cable 7a.

In other embodiments, the mating plug connector 9 may be a bushing on a switchgear or transformer. In the case of a so-called“ elbow connector”, a further cable 7a may be used occasionally.

The insulating sheath 5 protects a user (not shown) from electrical hazards and injuries resulting from an electric shock. In the case of a screened connector mentioned in the beginning of the description, a screen (not shown) may protect the user. Fig. 2 shows a top view of the previously described plug connector 1. A ring-shaped elastic collar 1 1 is provided to protect a pin receptacle 13 from dust and/or water, and to insulate it from elements outside the pin receptacle 13. The insulating sheath 5 is generally made from an elastic insulating material 15 and formed monolithically with the elastic collar 1 1.

The insulating sheath 5 comprises a sheath receptacle 17 which is indicated by a dotted line. The sheath receptacle 17 is composed of the pin receptacle 13 and a contact receptacle 19.

A contact member 21 is received in the sheath receptacle 17, wherein a connection region 23 is located in an angled portion 25 of the sheath receptacle 17 and is thus visible through the pin receptacle 13.

The connection region 23 of the contact member 21 is embodied as a cable lug 27 having a through hole 29 with an inner thread 31.

As can be clearly seen in Fig. 2, the through hole 29 is not centered in the pin receptacle 13, thereby rendering the installation of an electrical contact pin (to be described in the following figures) difficult.

The side view of Fig. 3a) and the perspective view of Fig. 3 b) show a first embodiment of an inventive electrical contact pin 33. The electrical contact pin 33 extends along a longitudinal direction 35 indicated by a dash- dotted line. The electrical contact pin 33 comprises an outer thread 37, which may be used to fasten the electrical contact pin 33 to the plug connector 1 , exemplarily to the plug connector 1 shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The electrical contact pin 33 further comprises a centering element 39, which centering element 39 has a tapered section 41 which extends from an end 43 of the electrical contact pin 33 along the longitudinal direction 35. The longitudinal direction 35 corresponds to the direction of extension 45 of the electrical contact pin 33. A spacer 47 is embodied between the tapered section 41 and the outer thread 37. The spacer 47 is embodied as a circumferential notch portion 49, which is shown in more detail in a circle 51 which shows a cross-section 53 of the circumferential notch portion 49 as seen in the circumferential direction 50. The circumferential notch portion 49 comprises a continuous cross-section 53a.

At an end 44 opposite to the centering element 39, a further centering element 55 is embodied Said further centering element 55 also comprises a tapered section 41 , wherein each of the two tapered sections 41 of the electrical contact pin 33 may comprise a partially spherical shape 57 or a frustoconical shape 59 for the centering element 39 and the further centering element 55, respectively.

The electrical contact pin 33 further comprises an abutment member 61 having an abutment surface 63. The abutment surface 63 faces towards the centering element 39 and is oriented essentially perpendicular to the longitudinal direction 35.

In a different embodiment of the inventive electrical contact pin 33, the outer thread 37 and/or the abutment member 61 may be located in a central portion 62 of the electrical contact pin 33.

In the embodiment of the inventive electrical contact pin 33 shown in Figs. 3a) and b), a maximum diameter 65 of the centering element 39 is smaller than a minor diameter 67 of the outer thread 37. Both diameters 65, 67 are smaller than an outer diameter 69 of the outer thread 37.

The abutment member 61 , which is also embodied as a stop member 71 , has a diameter 73 which is larger than the outer diameter 69 of the outer thread 37. It is to be noted that the centering element 39 and the abutment member 61 have a rotationally symmetrical shape 75 and the shape of a cylinder 77 in the embodiments shown in the figures. Both elements 39, 61 may have a cross-section in the form of a polygon (not shown). In this case, the term“diametet” refers to a circumscribed circle of said cross-sections.

Fig. 4 shows a second embodiment of the electrical contact pin 33 which differs from the first embodiment of Figs. 3a) and b) in the shape of the centering element 39, which has a frustoconical shape 59, i.e. the centering element 39 as well as the further centering element 55 have a frustoconical shape 59. The electrical contact pins 33 shown in the figures are in each case embodied as a monolithic part 79. It is, however, possible for the centering element 39 and/or the further centering element 55 to be manufactured individually and separately, and attached to the electronic contact pin 33 prior to installation of the electronic contact pin 33 in the plug connector 1.

Fig. 5 shows the electrical contact pin 33 of Figs. 3a) and b) during assembly to the contact member 21 of a plug connector 1.

For the sake of visibility, the insulating sheath 5, the sheath receptacle 17, the pin receptacle 13 and the contact receptacle 19 are not shown in the figure (see Fig. 1 ). The electrical contact pin 33 is moved along an insertion direction 81 such that the centering element 39 approaches the through hole 29, which is provided with an inner thread 83.

Fig. 5 shows an embodiment of the contact member 21 , which also comprises a chamfered entrance edge 85, i.e. a circumferentially beveled or chamfered edge surrounding the through hole 29. If the electrical contact pin 33, in particular its tapered section 41 , abuts the chamfered entrance edge 85 of the contact member, a centering and positioning force 87 is exerted on the end 43 of the electrical contact pin 33. It is to be noted that the direction of the centering and positioning force 87 shown in Fig. 5 is exemplary and may vary depending on where the tapered section 41 abuts the chamfered entrance edge 85 of the through hole 29. In all cases, an insertion force 89, which is exerted on the electrical contact pin 33 in the insertion direction 81 , is split and one resulting component of the insertion force 89 is the centering and positioning force 87, which is directed towards a central axis 91 of the through hole 29. As can be seen at the further centering element 55, the central axis 91 may be positioned at a distance from a center point 93 of the electrical contact pin 33. The center point 93 is to be understood as the point through which the longitudinal direction 35 (see Fig. 3a)) extends through the further centering element 55. For the sake of visibility, the longitudinal direction 35 is not depicted again in Fig. 5. Upon further insertion of the electrical contact pin 33 into the through hole 29, the outer thread 37 of the electrical contact pin 33 engages with the inner thread 83 of the through hole 29 and the electrical contact pin 33 may be screwed into the contact member 21.

The electric contact pin 33 may be screwed into the through hole 29 until the abutment surface 63 of the abutment member 61 abuts an electrical contact surface 95, which is arranged circumferentially around the chamfered entrance edge 85 of the through hole 29. If the abutment is established, the abutment member 61 also acts as stop member 71.

Fig. 6 shows an exemplary embodiment of the inventive plug connector 1 in the assembled state 1 a. The insulating sheath 5 has a T-shape 97 and receives the contact member 21 in the contact receptacle 19, wherein the connection region 23 of the contact member 21 extends into the pin receptacle 13, which is oriented essentially perpendicular to the contact receptacle 19.

A third embodiment of the electrical contact pin 33 is received and fixed in the connection region 23 by engaging the outer thread 37 with the inner thread 83 of the through hole 29. This assembly may also be applied in an elbow connector (not shown). In another embodiment of the T-connector (not shown), a through hole may be provided instead of the inner thread 83, wherein the outer thread 37 may engage with and may be fixed to a separate element, e.g. a bushing located on the opposite end 44.

The abutment member 61 and the outer thread 37 are arranged in the central portion 62 of the electrical contact pin 33.

The abutment member 61 is embodied differently than in the previous figures and is provided with a screw nut 99 for attaching the electrical contact pin 33 to the contact member 21.

The centering element 39 was applied to center the electrical contact pin 33 in an initial stage of the assembly (see Fig. 5) and subsequently projects through the through hole 29 towards a first contact side 101 of the plug connector 1.

On a second contact side 103 of the plug connector 1 , the electrical contact pin 33 extends from the connection region 23 of the contact member 21 , wherein the further centering element 55 may be applied for centering and/or positioning an additional element 105 that is also to be attached to the electrical contact pin 33. The additional element 105 may be embodied as a further connector (not shown), an insulating member 107 or an extension (not shown) embodied as a coupling piece. It is to be noted that the plug connector 1 shown in Fig. 6 represents just one of a multitude of possible plug connectors 1 , wherein in particular the shape of the insulating sheath 5, the shape and/or size of the pin receptacle 13 and/or contact receptacle 19 may be embodied differently in further possible embodiments.

REFERENCE NUMERALS

I plug connector

1 a assembled state

3 angled plug

5 insulating sheath

7 cable

7a further cable

9 mating plug connector

I I elastic collar

13 pin receptacle

15 elastic insulating material

17 sheath receptacle

19 contact receptacle

21 contact member

23 connection region

25 angled portion

27 cable lug

29 through hole

31 inner thread

33 electrical contact pin

35 longitudinal direction

37 outer thread

39 centering element

41 tapered section

43 end

44 opposite end

45 direction of extension

47 spacer

49 circumferential notch portion

50 circumferential direction

51 circle

53 cross-section

53a continuous cross-section

55 further centering element

57 partially spherical shape 59 frustoconical shape

61 abutment member

62 central portion

63 abutment surface

65 maximum diameter

67 minor diameter

69 outer diameter

71 stop member

73 diameter of the abutment member 75 rotationally symmetrical shape

77 cylinder

79 monolithic part

81 insertion direction

83 inner thread

85 chamfered entrance edge

87 centering and positioning force

89 insertion force

91 central axis

93 center point

95 electrical contact surface

97 T-shape

99 screw nut

103 second contact side

105 additional element

107 insulating member