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Title:
ELECTROMAGNETIC ELECTRICITY GENERATOR BY EXPLOITATION OF EARTH'S NATURAL GRAVITY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/066731
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The object of this invention is an electromagnetic device, i.e. a generator of electrical energy, that utilizes an arrangement of permanent magnets (1), coils (c1), placement of weights (lu) and auxiliary means of propulsion (em) (providing an adequate starter force to move past the top equilibrium position), resulting from the construction of the rotor (r) in the form of a whole circular object and the construction of the left and right parts of the stator (s) in the form of two semicircular objects attached to an axis (a1) on the basis of the Earth's gravity and the phenomenon of the induction of electrical voltage between permanent magnets (m1) and coils (c1), to produce electrical energy. Electrical energy produced in such a manner is carbon-free.

Inventors:
BRANDT, Vili (Poljanski nasip 32, 1000 Ljubljana, SI)
JEZEK, Miha (Kriska vas 59F, 1294 Visnja Gora, SI)
Application Number:
SI2017/000030
Publication Date:
April 04, 2019
Filing Date:
September 27, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BRANDT, Vili (Poljanski nasip 32, 1000 Ljubljana, SI)
JEZEK, Miha (Kriska vas 59F, 1294 Visnja Gora, SI)
International Classes:
H02K35/02; H02K53/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2015008888A12015-01-22
Foreign References:
US20160237992A12016-08-18
RU2626188C22017-07-24
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ITEM D.O.O. (Resljeva cesta 16, 1000 Ljubljana, SI)
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Claims:
PATENT CLAIMS

1. An electromagnetic generator of electrical energy utilizing the exploitation of the Earth's natural gravity, which uses the rotation of a rotor (r) around a stator (s) to induce electrical voltage and to produce direct electrical current, characterized in that it comprises a rotor (r) and a stator (s) that are fixedly attached into generators of electrical voltage (gl) and (gd) through a main axis (a1 ), while the main axis (1 ) is connected to an auxiliary means of propulsion (em), whereby the rotor (r) takes the shape of a circular plate with radius (dia 2), to which uniform natural magnets (1 ) are fixedly attached and arranged next to each other in a zone (dia 6), whereby the magnets (1 ) are oriented in such a manner that they attract each other and are placed at a same distance (dia 1 ) from the central axis (a1 ) and the outer rim of the rotor (r); and in addition to the magnets (1 ), several weights (lu) of different size and mass are fixedly attached to the plate of the rotor (r), distributed at varying distances from the central axis (a1 ) and the outer rim of the rotor (r), whereby the weights (lu) are arranged on the plate of the rotor (r) in such a manner, that their centers are located at a distance (dia 4) or between distances (dia 1 ) and (dia 4); coils (c1 ) are fixedly attached to each of the plates of the stator (s), distributed around the internal rim of both semi-circular plates of the stator (s), equidistant from each other and at the same distance from the central axis (a1 ), in the same way that the magnets are placed on the rotor (r), leading the angular displacement of the coils (c1 ) in relation to the central axis (a1 ) to be the same as the angular displacement of the magnets (1 ) on the rotor (r).

2. The electromagnetic generator according to claim 1 , characterized in that the centers of individual magnets (1 ) and coils (c1 ) are placed at a certain distance (dia 3) from each other, whereby the distance amounts to 6 to 8 percent of the radius (dia 2).

3. The electromagnetic generator according to claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the distance (dia 1 ) amounts to between 5 and 20 percent of the radius (dia 2), the distance (dia 4) amounts to between 74 and 93 percent of the radius (dia 2) and the zone (dia 6) between 28 and 43 percent of the outer rim of the rotor (r).

4. The electromagnetic generator according to claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the magnets (1 ) and weights (lu) are flat and round, whereby the weights (lu) do not extend over the rim of the plate of the rotor (r) after being placed into the plate of the rotor (r).

5. The electromagnetic generator according to claims 1 to 4, characterized in that the number of coils (c1 ) is equal to the number of magnets (1 ).

6. The electromagnetic generator according to claims 1 to 5, characterized in that, when the auxiliary means of propulsion (em) is an electrical motor, several uniform smaller magnets (2) are fixedly attached to the plate of the rotor (r) and are distributed one next to the other at the distance (dia 5) from the central axis (a1 ) and the outer rim of the rotor (r), whereby smaller magnets (2) are distributed concentrically in relation to the magnets (1 ), and coils (c2) are fixedly attached and arranged around the internal rim of both semi-circular plates of the stator (s) in the same manner as the smaller magnets (2) are placed on the rotor (r), equidistant from each other and at the same distance from the central axis (a1 ).

7. The electromagnetic generator according to claim 6, characterized in that the distance (dia 5) amounts to between 50 and 65 percent of the radius (dia 2).

8. The electromagnetic generator according to claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the rotor (r) and stator (s) are made of artificial material.

Description:
ELECTROMAGNETIC ELECTRICITY GENERATOR BY EXPLOITATION OF EARTH'S NATURAL GRAVITY

OBJECT OF INVENTION AND TECHNICAL PROBLEM

The object of the invention is an electromagnetic device, i.e. a generator, for the production of electrical energy, or more specifically a generator of electrical energy, which utilizes an arrangement of permanent magnets, placement of weights and adequate initial driving (starter) force on the basis of the Earth's gravitational forces (gravity) and the phenomenon of induction of electric voltage between permanent magnet and wire coil, produces electrical energy in the form of direct electrical current. The electrical energy produced in such a manner is free of carbon, whereby the input of the initial driving (starter) force, including inertia, but exclusive of the Earth's gravitational force, is lower than the energy produced. The starter force, inertia and the Earth's gravitational force used in the mentioned invention produce electrical energy.

The technical problem, solved by this invention, is a rigid construction of the electromagnetic generator of electrical energy that, with the help of magnets, weights and adequate driving force and circular and semicircular shapes of the rotor and stator, respectively, enables the production of electrical energy, whereby all of the mentioned forces (starter, inertia and Earth's gravitational force) are transformed into electrical energy. The electrical energy produced in this way is carbon-free and, thus, sustainable and environmentally-friendly.

The production of electrical energy through induction of electrical voltage and exploitation of Earth's gravity occurs in several stages. This means that the circular rotor is started by an external source, which is a regular electrical motor or thrust (the use of an electromagnetic motor is also possible). This is followed by the force of gravity, which due to the placement of suitable weights and permanent magnets, turns the rotor less than 3 cycles. To continue through half of the third cycle to the initial top equilibrium position it is then necessary to deliver thrust, which returns the rotor to its initial position before the start. On the stator, which takes the form of two parallel semicircular objects, the units of winding are mounted, i.e. coils, whereby the winding is made of copper, wolfram (tungsten), alloy, etc., which lead to the induction of electrical voltage when in contact with permanent magnets. Currently know devices using the electromagnetic poles comprising cores with magnetic permeability produce electrical energy through interwoven and concentrated winding of electrical phases, mounted in the slots between the cores of the neighboring poles. Another solution utilizes transverse magnetic flux using circular windings, necessitating at least one stator per electrical phase in designs with multiphase converters. With regard to the increase of efficiency and overcoming resistance, most of the solutions come into consideration with wind or water turbines, whereas they are almost non-existent in connection with the exploitation of autonomous gravitational potential, because existing devices only take advantage of the bipolarity of the electromagnetic field in direction north - south. Thus the exploitation the Earth's magnetic field itself, even without additional weights, offers adequate redistribution and increased efficiency of electrical energy production. On the basis of the arrangement of the permanent magnets and the principle of the exploitation of north - south bipolarity, electromagnetic generators which serve to synchronize wind and water turbines are differentiated from electromagnetic generators that obtain the thrust (for overcoming the necessary residual thrust force) through an increase in rotor mass or by delivering thrust through a pendulum. The energy produced in the aforementioned ways can be carbon-free, although in certain rarer cases, when thrust is delivered by a conventional source, it is not completely carbon-free: energy gained with the help of combustion of hard or liquid or gaseous fossil fuels (as well as other sources not derived from Earth's gravity and magnetic repulsion) is used to push the circular object. The fundamental challenge in the context of the described systems of electrical energy production is achieving the optimal combination of sources (conventional and unconventional), which ensures economically efficient systems for electrical energy production at a given quantity of energy input in relation to the quantity of produced electrical energy.

KNOWN SOLUTIONS

There are some known solutions of electrical energy production by means of electromagnetic induction. The oldest known solution for the production of electrical energy with electromagnetic induction, which shares the most similarities with the object of this patent application, can be found under patent US 9,570,969 B1. According to this document, electrical energy is produced by a device comprising of a rotating pendulum (arm) - a series of rotors and a stator, whereby a permanent magnet, which causes the swinging, is connected to the magnet coil. The rotating pendulum is attached to a series of rotors that rotate in coordination with the stator, where each individual rotor is constructed of several permanent magnets, producing e direct electrical current when in contact with the several copper coils . The described device exploits the mass / weight of the pendulum and, with the addition of thrust, spins the circular object - rotor - by 360 degrees, whereby a ferromagnetic coil (located at the bottom) repels the permanent magnet after the magnet passes or is close to the repulsion point. The rotor can be started manually or by thrust, however, the described device, in comparison to the device that is the object of this patent application, initiates the rotation of the rotor with an external element - a pendulum, which is not part of the device that is the object of this patent application, since it distributes the weight in a different manner, as well as using a different method of exploiting the ferromagnetic effects to overcome the force of gravity. The exploitation of the gravitational potential in this device is partially enabled by the distribution of weight on the rotor, while the ferromagnetic effects of additional permanent magnets are based on thrust, which is fed through a different external source than the pendulum, and not on the external element - the pendulum.

A second technical solution is described under patent EP 2647111 B1. In this patent a generator of electrical energy, propelled by an external energy source, e.g. wind source, and comprised of a main shaft with a longitudinal axis, designed for coupling with an external energy source, with a predetermined rotational moment, and a synchronous reluctance rotating electrical machine is described. This electrical machine comprises a stator and transversely laminated rotor, whereby the propelled shaft is actively coupled with the above- mentioned main shaft to generate electrical energy by way of waves of rotational moment based on a pre-set amplitude during its functioning and with the corresponding electrical connecting element for powering of the network and the controller units for the regulation of the electrical and the dynamical parameters of the electrical machine. The described device serves as a generator of electrical energy using wind (eolian) potential, excluding gravity potential, and therefore does not solve the issue of exploiting the gravitational potential, in comparison to the device mentioned in this patent application.

TECHNICAL SOLUTION OF THE INVENTION

This invention solves the problem of producing electrical energy through the exploitation of gravity with the use of an electromagnetic generator in a way that the input of electrical energy needed to start the rotor is lower than the acquired electrical energy. The invention is described based on an embodiment, including Figures depicting the following:

Figure 1 : front view of the electromagnetic generator of electrical energy;

Figure 2: side view of the electromagnetic generator of electrical energy;

Figure 3: depiction of the rotor;

Figure 4: depiction of the stator; Figure 5: depiction of auxiliary means of propulsion;

Figure 6: method of electrical energy production through the exploitation of gravitational potential.

Figures 1 and 2 depict an electromagnetic generator of electrical energy, which is based on Earth's gravity and the phenomenon of induction of electrical voltage between natural magnets (1 ) and coils (c1 ) with a copper wire winding. The electromagnetic generator comprises a (whole)-circular rotor (r) and a semicircular stator (s), constructed of a left and a right plate, whereby the rotor (r) and stator (s) are attached to the main axis (a1 ), which is connected to the external source of thrust, i.e. the auxiliary means of propulsion (em). On both ends of the main axis (a1 ) there are two fixedly mounted generators of electrical voltage (voltage), i.e. the left generator of voltage (gl) and the right generator of voltage (gd). The stable part of the generator is a static and stiff frame, which prevents the movement of the central axis of generator (a1 ) in directions (X) and (Y) and provides a stiff mounting on a fixed base - the foundation.

The rotor (r), which is the rotating part of the generator as depicted in Figure 3, takes the form of a circular plate with radius (dia 2), to which bipolar (north - south) several uniform natural magnets (1 ) have been placed, concentrically from the outer rim, on both sides of the plate of rotor (r), The natural magnets (1 ) are aligned with each other around the rim of the rotor (r) in the zone (dia 6), which covers between 28 and 43 percent of the outer rim of the rotor(r).The magnets (1 ) are primarily circular and are fixedly mounted and arranged in such a way as to attract each other, meaning that the positive pole of one magnet is turned towards the negative pole of the neighboring magnet. The magnets (1 ) are arranged so all magnets (1 ) are mounted the same distance from the central axis (a1 ) and the outer rim of the rotor (r), and are primarily mounted in such a manner that their centers are located at a distance (dia 1 ) from the outer rim of the rotor (r), whereby the distance (dia 1 ) amounts to between 5 and 20 percent of the radius (dia 2). The centers of individual magnets (1 ) are located at a certain distance from each other (dia 3), whereby this distance amounts to between 6 and 8 percent of radius dia 2.

There are several weights (lu) of different size and mass fixedly attached to the plate of the rotor (r) in addition to the magnets (1 ). They are distributed at varying distances from the central axis (a1 ) and the outer rim of the rotor (r). All weights (lu) are preferably flat and round, in order to be able to be placed into the plate of the rotor (r) without reaching over the rim of the plate of the rotor (r). The weights (lu) are arranged in the plate of the rotor (r) in such a manner that their centers are located either at the distance (dia 4) or between distances (dia 1 ) and (dia 4), whereby the distance (dia 4) amounts to between 74 and 93 percent of radius of (dia 2).

As depicted in Figure 4, the stator (s) is a stationary part of the generator comprised of two semicircular plates, with coils (c1 ) fixedly attached to each of the stator's plates. The number of coils (c1 ) is the same as the number of magnets (1 ). They are arranged around the inner rim of both semicircular plates of the stator (s), equidistant from each other and at the same distance from the central axis (a1 ), in the same way as the magnets are placed on the rotor (r). This causes the angular displacement of the coils (c1 ) in relation to the central axis (a1 ) to be the same as the angular displacement of the magnets (1 ) on the rotor (r), which ensures the highest possible yield of available energy, since at a particular moment of rotation all magnets (1 ) are in co-axis of coils (c1 ).

Beside center axis (1 ), the auxiliary means of propulsion (em) is also attached to the stator (s), as has been depicted in Figure 5. When the auxiliary means of propulsion (em) is an electrical motor, uniform smaller magnets (2) may be placed into the plate of the rotor (r), arranged next to each other at a distance of (dia 5) from the central axis (a1 ) and from the outer rim of rotor (r), whereby the distance (dia 5) preferably amounts to approximately 50 to 65 percent of the radius of (dia 2). The smaller magnets (2) are arranged concentrically in relation to magnets (1 ). In this case, coils (c2) are fixedly attached around the inner rim of both semicircular plates of the stator inthe same arrangement as the smaller magnets (2) are to rotor (r): equidistant from each other and at the same distance from the central axis (a1 ).

The rotor (r) and the stator (s) are preferably made of an artificial material of adequate weight and thickness, which can sustain larger burdens and can be equipped with magnets (1 ), weights (lu) and an attachment frame, which ensures firmness of the integrated elements.

In the implemented case, depicted in Figures 3 and 4, the rotor (r) is constructed as a whole circular object, stator (s) is comprised of a left and a right plate in the shape of semicircular object, whereby the radius, i.e. (dia 2) has the dimension of 595.5 millimeters. Sixteen round natural magnets (1 ), arranged next to each other in such a manner that they cover at least 28 percent of the outer rim of the rotor (r) and are oriented in a way that they attract each other, are fixedly attached to both sides of the plate of the rotor (r). All magnets (1 ) are mounted at the same distance from the central axis (a1 ) and are attached around outer rim of the rotor (r) at a distance (dia 1 ), which amounts to between 5 and 20 percent of radius of (dia 2). Beside magnets (1 ), there are six flat weights (lu) of different size and weight fixedly placed into the plate of the rotor(r).

The weight of the above-mentioned weights falls between 1,5 and 8 kilograms. Additionally, there are sixteen uniform, flat, smaller magnets (2) fixedly mounted into the plate of the rotor (r), with a 20 millimeters radius, aligned with each other at the same distance (dia 5) from the central axis (a1 ), which is approximately 55 percent of (dia 2), and are concentrically arranged in relation to magnets (1 ). On the inner rim of both semicircular plates of stator (s) there are coils (c1 ) arranged next to each other with the same spacing and at the same distance from each other, the same as the magnets 1 on rotor r. Coils (c2) are fixedly attached around the inner rim of both semicircular plates of the stator in the same manner as the smaller magnets (2) on rotor (r). These are arranged equidistant from each other and at the at the same distance from the central axis (a1 ).

In order to start the electromagnetic generator, a certain thrust is needed, which is provided by the auxiliary means of propulsion (em), and is dependent on the dimensions of the electromagnetic generator. Thrust is necessary to overcome complete stoppage of the rotor (r) somewhere slightly before the lapse of the third rotation. In the implemented case, the thrust is provided by the electromagnetic motor. This is subject to a separate patent application. The smaller magnets (2), mounted in the optional implementation (version) of the stator (s) with an electrical motor, produce additional electrical energy, which is wholly used to overcome complete stoppage of rotor (r) before the lapse of the third rotation. When the magnets (1 ) travel through coils (c1 ), voltage is induced in the coils (c1 ), which is then either accumulated in the battery (e), the, capacitor, or is directly returned to the network. Earth's gravity is transformed into rotational movement of rotor (r), on which several natural magnets (1) have been arranged concentrically from the outer rim. Additionally, weights (lu) have been integrated and .placed into alignment with the circular object of rotor (r). The alignment of the natural magnets (1) and weights (lu), makes the rotation of rotor (r) for less than three rotations feasible. Due to the rotation of rotor (r), the stator (s) creates an induction phenomenon, which is, in combination with permanent magnets (1 ), created by coils (d ), distributed on each side of the stator (s) in such a manner that the magnets (1) reach co-axis with coils (c1 ) at a precisely determined moment, creating an absolute maximal electrical voltage (voltage). The production of electrical energy is a result of Earth's gravity and the above-mentioned arrangement of natural magnets (1 ) and weights (lu). With appropriate selection and installation of the magnets (1 ) and weights (lu) and coils (c1 ), the functioning of the electrical generator is optimized, enabling rotation of the rotor (r) for less than three rotations without an external energy source or with only a gravitational energy source, i.e. one based on gravitational potential. The rotation with minimal initial thrust through top equilibrium position is optimized for less than three turns.

If the dimensions of the rotor (r) and consequently the stator (s) are changed, it is necessary to re-set the position and mass of weights (lu), in order to optimize the functioning of the electromagnetic generator of electrical energy, while the ratios can also be adapted somewhat to the use of smaller magnets and a corresponding electrical motor are used.

Optionally, a different distribution of weights and magnets on the rotor (r) and coils on the stator (s) can be used to optimize the functioning of the electromagnetic generator.

Figure 6 depicts a method of production of electrical energy by exploitation of gravitational potential with the use of electromagnetic generator (EMG). According to this method, the electrical energy is acquired on the basis of Earth's positive gravitational potential (GP) and the phenomenon of induction of electrical voltage between the natural magnet (1 ) and the coil (c1 ) with wire winding. The Earth's gravity is a constantly present natural energy, directed towards the center of the Earth, which can be transformed into rotational movement causing the induction phenomenon. The result of such a method is the difference between the energy input and output. The positive recovery (PI) is larger than 1 , which is constantly provided by the Earth's gravitation. When the magnet (1 ) travels through coil (c1 ), voltage is induced in the latter, which is accumulated either in a battery or capacitor, or is directly returned to the network (O). The negative gravitational potential (NP) necessarily leads to a decrease of production of electrical energy, thus with a redistribution of the weight's mass it is possible to obtain an optimal combination, which enables a recovery larger than 1.