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Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2002/033718
Kind Code:
EVS is use in the field of small electric currents and voltages. It is activated at occurence of vibrations ranging form low level to high intensity and frequency oscillations with limited time duration. It consists of the base plate - insulator, one electric contact in the shape of ring with or without spring support and another one in the shape of spring support and little ball (mass) on its top, installed within the first contact ring, and if needed provided with special protective housing with foot plugging or threaded support. It is used for monitoring of movable objects, for production of special effects on children toys (reaction on touch of the user), for signaling purposes on shoe ware and clothes, for saving of energy in signaling functions and energy production branch. Special application can be seen in signaling module or shoe ware, light emitting ball and angling signaling module.

Katinic, Filip (Nas. Slavonija II, 3/5 Slavonski Brod, 35000, HR)
Palenkic, Zvjezdan (Vukovarska 8/7 Slavonski Brod, 35000, HR)
Application Number:
Publication Date:
April 25, 2002
Filing Date:
October 17, 2001
Export Citation:
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Katinic, Filip (Nas. Slavonija II, 3/5 Slavonski Brod, 35000, HR)
Palenkic, Zvjezdan (Vukovarska 8/7 Slavonski Brod, 35000, HR)
International Classes:
A01K93/02; A01K97/12; A43B3/00; A43B5/00; H01H35/14; A63B43/06; (IPC1-7): H01H35/14; A01K87/00; A43B3/00; A63B43/06
Foreign References:
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Katinic, Filip (Nas. Slavonija II, 3/5 Slavonski Brod, 35000, HR)
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1. EVS consists of base plateinsulator and one electric contact in the shape of ring, another one in the form of spring with the mass on top passing through ring of the first contact, or its more sensitive option with contact within spring coil with mass on top has been defined so that it must be made to be appropriate for use with weak, low voltage currents in various fields of operational sensitivity (ranging from very large like touch of hand to relatively small) ! and capable to operate in different conditions of environment being at the same time very simple.
2. EVS has been defined with requirement No, I so as to be manufactured of such material, which is sufficiently elastic to fulfill requirements of sensitivity and outgoing oscillsation, sufficiently stiffe to maintain contact with the ball in neutral position, when no incitement exist, to have surface of such a quality which ensures closure of electric current circuit at each mutual contact.
3. EVS has also been defined with requirement No. 2 so that ball mass, elasticity of the spring, ring diameter, air clearance between contacts, contact height and the bolt thread and size must fulfill requirements of the EVS regarding sensitivity of the outgoing frequency fulfilling at the same time installation requirements.
4. EVS defined according to requirement No. 3 displays property to be installed, if necessary, in small size, tiny objects and capability to function under unfavorable environmental conditions (humidity, water, flammable explosive zones, high and low temperatures).
5. According to requirement No 4 FVS can be mstalled in special waterproof hottsings, if necessary in @acuum chambers (greater rehablity), its connection contacts to the current having the form of thread (as with cl <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> @ Reqmrement 5 defines FVS as having simple form and liny mass, due to broad range oef application <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 7 Requ@ement 6 defines LVS that @tf can be used as component in children lovs, energy equipment, general purpose appliances, angling, anti hail and o@ter safety systems, medicine,e motor car industry, military industry, space exploration and all other fields of application, where it might be convenient to use @ 8 Light module for shoe ware, consiting of housing with the breech mechansm, source of DC current. EVS. LED diodes with transparent reflecting chambers of the main two pole switch and electric conduits has been fdefined to be appropriate for installation into shoe wave, emitting light from mterior of transparent, reflecting chambers, marking the user and <BR> <BR> <BR> ,.<BR> having signaling function in taffic under conditiions of poor visibility tought, dusk log) or deco@@@e and anmalug funchol (fasion detal, play @@c @duing walking, jumping. biking and similar @ Requirement 8 defines the light module as consisting of EVS. batterv. light source (@@@) diode) located in transparent, reflecting housing 10. Requirement 9 specifies all components as being tiny, tight and highly efficient. reliable and simple for installation.
6. 11 Light module for shoe ware according to requirement 10 specifies that LED diodes have high light intensity with wide angle of dispersion, low energy consumption, tiny size, and that they are supplied by batteries over small size EVS with appropriate dewgree of sensitivity.
7. 12 Requirement 11 for light module for shoe ware specifies that it has small size. tight batteries with capacity of at least 2500 mAh, which cand be changed by simple opening of the housing over upper breech mechanism, that they are connected into electric curent circuit over LED diodes and EV5 ensuring flashing effects.
8. 13 Requirement 12 specifies light module for shoe ware as having main switch in the upper part of shoe in the form of dismountable plug connector ('press button"). By plugging in or off energy supply is ensured.
9. 14 Requirement 13 demands that light module for shoe ware has adjusted EVS sensitivity so as to ensure discernible. large intensity light flashing, comfortable for eyes.
10. 15 According to requirement 14, light module for shoe ware must be reliable, with long operation lifetime and to be installed without possibility of additional alternations. l 6. Shoe ware light module according to requirement 15 may have twopole main switch ensuring choosing of tight color by simple plugging in of the element i 7. Shoe ware tight module according to requirement 16 has transparent, reflecting chambers each with two LED diodes in different colors, joined into independent circuits with the other LED diodes having the same light color, which enables user to select light color 18. Shoe ware light module according to requirement 17 should be produced with small size, emitting powerful ligh signals (poor visibility, night, dusk, fog).
11. 19 Light emitting ball consists of air chamber and tight and% or sound modules, whereby modules are installed into ball and are located on its wall. Hitting, throwing or rolling the ball makes the bail emit light or sound, which makes it more interesting for polay without disturbing its basic function.
12. 20 Light emitting ball according to requirement 19 defines that light and sound modules consist of battery compartment with breech mechanism, batteries, LEDdiodes and the sound source as well as EVS, while the ball wall is transparent on equator with width of 4050 mm.
13. 21 Light emitting bat) according to requirement 20 specifies that all components must be tiny and light, simple for installation and highly efficient.
14. 22 Light emitting ball according to requirement 2 ! specifies that LED diodes must have high intensity ; wideangle light dispersion (60t20") and small size, while the sound source ensures sound intensity of approximately 70 90 dB and small size. Depending on circumstances module combinations with one or up to several LED diodes and one sound source are allowed. Energy supply is provided from batteries over tiny EVS with appropriate sensitivity degree.
15. Light emitting ball according to requirement 22 specifies that batteries must have small size and must be light, with caapcity of at least 200 mAh. They can be changed when needed. They are protected with special breech mechanism and connected into electric current circuit, equipped with LED diodes or sound module and EVS ensuring emission ofiight and sound signals (or only oen of these two sorts of signals).
16. Light emitting ball according to requirement 23 specifies that LED diodes are directed towards transparent equator having width of approximately 40 50 mm, so as to ensure efficient intrusion of into interior of the bat), i.e. to make the effect of Hashing and discontinuous sound signa ! attractive for the user.
17. Light emitting ball according to requirement 24 must have adjusted sensitivity of the EVS so as to enable flashing and discontinuous sound emission lasting for 2 to 6 seconds, agreeable and discernible for eyes and ears.
18. Light emitting ball according to requirement 25 must have reliable, long lifetime operation EVS installed into module without possibility of additional change. t7.
19. Light emitting ball according to requirement 26 must have capability to prevent the intrusion of pressurized air into ball interior through light and sound module, by fusion (melting) of connections between batteries and LED diodes (sound source) into housing of the module.
20. Light emitting ball according to requirement 27 must have shape and retain all functions of the ball, enhanced by flashing and sound effects. awakening the interest and making playing more attractive for all age groups of users.
21. Light emitting ball according to requirement 28 must be produced in different sizes, with stronger or weaker light and sound signals (playing bv day and night) 30 Angling signaling module consisting of twopart housing with installed li, ht and (or) sound module and fulfills requirement that each engagement offish at the bated hook produces at the rod tip or in the float light signals due to vibrations, warning the user to lift the rod, which is especially important under conditions of poor visibility.
22. Angling signaling module, according to requirement 30, has got EVS, batteries, springs, contact ring and LED diodes or sound emitting source, with transparent housing in the zone of light emitting source.
23. 39 Angling signaling module, according to requirement 31, has got srnall size, light, simple to install, ghigh efficiency and long tifetime components.
24. Angling signaling module, according to requirement 32, has got high power LEDs with great light intensity, wide angle of dispersion and low level energy consumption, small size, fed from batteries over tiny EVS with appropriate sensitivity level.
25. 4 Angling signaling module, according to requirement 33, has got smalt size, light batteries with at least 200 mAh, diameter.
26. 9 mm, 7.9 mm, 11.e 6 mm, 5.4 mm thick, with diameter depending upon size oef module housing. Batteries are taken out by simple opening of compartmentturning off on the central threaded joint or by simple disconnection over elastic clamp joint. They are connected into electric current circuit, with LEDs or sound emitting source and EVS enabling required light or sound effects.
27. 35 Angling signaling module. according to requirement 34, has got in the area of central threaded or elastic clamp joint the contact ring and contact plate EVS. Turning oef the housing causes shift of the housing components along threaded joint. Axial drawings in case of elastic ciamp joint switch the energy supply on or off.
28. 36 Angling signaling module, according to requirement 35, has got EVS with so as to enable the occurrence of flashing and/or discontinuous sound signal for the time period of I to 6 seconds, on frequencies comfortable and discernible for eyes and ears.
29. 37 Angling signaling module, according to requirement 36, has got a reliable, long time operation EVS being installed into the module without possibility of supplementary alternations,.
30. Angling signaling module, according to requirement 37, has got, in the area of threaded or elastic clamp joint, gasket for prevention of water intrusion into interior module, especially in cases when the module is used instead of angling water float, or when it is built into the angling float.
31. tingling signaling module, according to requirement 38, has got integrated ring on its housing with split for plugging in of the module on the rod tip, or on the plastic angling line, instead of the float.
32. Angling signaling module, according to requirement 39, can be produced in small, tiny sizes with powerful light emitting and/or sound emitting sources (poor visibility, night, dusk, fog).
ELECTROMECHANICAL VIBRATION STICHER(EVS) 1. SCOPE OF APPLICATION OF INNOVATION This innovation refers to the field of application of electromecahnical switches for small currents and voitages, whic are activated at the appearance of oscillations (ranging from small to high intensity and frequency oscillations), which occur through instantaneous or continuous exertion of impulse mechanical force (impact) which outgoing function displays oscillating properties with iimited duration, and are classified according to international classification (MPK) as: TEECHNICAL PROBLEMES INVOLVED The need for installation of highly sensitive sensors and switches capable to reasct to very small and short time rorces (impulses) arise very frequently when we have to deal with some technical problems. Besides detection of inpulse, they must also have capability to induce external reaction in the form ofosciiiation, having greaster or smaller frequencies, depending on intensity and the form of impulse, being in some way in function of measuring of intensity and frequency of the impulse.

In this manner such systems must fulfill requirements of simple design (very low production price), combined with reliable and long life time in operation, whereby their size and shape must be adjustable to conditions of installation into diverse systems, ranging from micro-systems to normal size sysems, in all environmental conditions (air, water, Flammable liquids, explosion zones, etc.) The emergence of complex multifunctional electronic modulesd (opto-s sensors. switches and relays, microprocessor-simulating output functions), due to their complexity, unreliability, numerous limitations, low level sensitivity and

incapability to achieve interdependence of intensity and the form of the output signa) with the form and intensity of the input function, have failed to fulfill completely the above mentioned requirements.

3. STATE OF TECHNIQUE There are no soiutions of classical sensors and switches for transfer of effects of impact force (with oscillating properties). There are unsuccessful simulation systems consisting of several components, building as such complex system of rather large dimensions and inappropriate shape for installation into tiny. small size objects or things.

They display very low degree of sensitivity, and fail to react to very tiny impulses (i. e. hand touch on the object). They are only capable to react to lai-,,, er forces acting in the zone of the switch or to presence or some object or thing in the area ofopto-sensor. Their incoming signal is most frequently microprocessor simulation of the osciftation switch, because they cannot detect intensity and frequency of the inpulse. They have very short lifetime, and fabrication is very expensive, due to high costs of components.

4. PRESENTATION OF THE INNOVATION CONCEPT Primary goal of this innovation is to define and design osciiiation mechanical switch systems, i. e. to determine such a osciellation switch, which will be capable to detect wide range oscillation intensities and to transmit the oscillation signa) of limited duration to the device. Thereby it shall not loose shape and intensity of impulse preserving very high switch sensitivity and its small size. Manufacturing process must be kept very simple, and the production costs very low. This will

finally enable production of children toys, which shall be moved and given light or sound signal at the pure hand touch.

Further goal of innovation is to determine such an oscillation switch, which can be easily installed in products of different size, shape and application, using simple procedures of screw fastening or plugging, whereby their sensitivity can be regulated. i he additionai advantages ofthe innovation shaii be partly presented in the following description.

Electromechanical vibration switcher includes the following components: based plate-insulator (Position and two electric contacts : one in the form of ring with or without spring support (Position 1), and another one, which is installed inside the first ring, consiting of spring support and the ball (Position 2) on the top (Pictures I and At occurrence of oscillation impulse the action shall be transferred to bat ! contact having corresponding mass, which start to swing touching alternatively the second internai contact closing the current circuit. Depending on size of the impulse the ball swings several times creating more or less contacts at one impulse. With very high sensibility of the switch there is option of installation of the fiat contact within spring coil with the bail-second contact (Position 3j.

If we want to use the switch with changeable sensibility, the contact must be installed on screws (Position 4), which enables change of height H1 and H2, and consequently also sensibility and frequency of the switch (Picture 4). Change in the mass of the ball. elasticity of the spring, ring diameter and heights H2 and H3 change characteristics of sensibility and response of switch frequency.

Electromechanical vibration switcher can be installed in a separate housing (Position 5), depending on its application and the environment by installation of special integrated contacts in the form of soils or plugs (Position 6), which are

installed into other elements and systems (Picture 5). Such a switch may be used for special effects on children toys and for enhancement of their function (light and sound balls, light pens and cars, dolls and toys which move, give light or sound signais at a touch, but also for monitoring of moving objects as well as for special decoration effects and signatization effects on shoe ware, for cut down of energy consumption in batteries, for monitoring of movement of animals, in motor car industry, energy production, military industry and space exploration industry, 5. SHORT DESCRITPION OF DRAWINGS The following drawings represent constituent part of innovation description and illustrate the best possible ways of innovation design and its application for various purposes, as well as explanation of the fundamental principle of the innovation itself.

Figure I gives schematic view of the basic form of electromechanical vibration switcher (EVS) connected in the electric current circuit- Figure 2 represents modified K) rm of EVS with increased sensitivity.

Figure 3 represents high-level sensitivity EVS.

Figure 4 represents user sensitivity and outgoing freqeucny adjustable EVS.

Figure 5 represents EVS housing and contacts design as well as joining of EVS to electric current circuit.

Figure 6 gives sketch representtion of a factive EVS.

Figure 7 is the layout and cross-section of the ht emitting shoe ware sole.

Figure 8 represents the upper part of battery compartment cover in all three <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> po@@ @ons<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> s ! 'ni. _'' r ! >p,, C,'ix= f1i11I,'i. , ' ; p) allt ; ? l,'tII t'll : ItiS ! rll'Cr ?) ! .'tlt ' ? lltt 7r11jC'Il : <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 'I, ! UI't : If' (OCSCIIt ; ; 1111CtIF) Ilrt iCilf ; ITIC' (lllfl ClY111117i ( ; IUG VvrMl IlIC) (jUC, Rj) l) i7 with three parallel circuits with oen diode and option with two independent circuits .. ,', ; l i ; Cl3r"t1 ! iir ; ill ?'t'' ( ? i1P'rl ; tl nG ; t' ! t ! ' ! II t ? xiC' i. , l E'., 1-'il1fi11IlL : PlilCt : Figure 11 represents side view and back view of the light-cmitting children sport <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 'Ae. :) r<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> Figure 12 represents cross s@@@@@ of the light-emtring ball Figure 13 represents top vlew of light emitting module with characteristic secfions Figure 14 represents layout of the battery housing with characteristic sections Figure 16 represents layout regtesentation of LED-s within the module] Figure 17 represents outline scheme of electric components Figure 18 represents signaling module housing for angling <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> Figure 19 is the @@@@ section on the signating module for @@gling and<BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> <BR> 4t' iit_S'fllillllfl tifE : l ( : EO711 ; yi^11. 'lsii , ) C ; GI'tl C' Illl'ell 711 fl'C1I11.'ii i_l. jil (a contacts at pomts distmantling of the bousing Figure 20 represents two-part neusing with the view on coss section of coil joints on contact pomts Figure 21 represents all compenents or signaling enon for angling in developed wstalianon @@@

Figure 22 reresents electric schemes Figure 23 represents light signaling module for angling in the form of the fishing float.

Figure 24 represents signaling module to be installed in the fishing float.

Figure 25 is representation of signaling module, which is installed in the Hshing rod.

6. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF AL LEAST ONE FORM OF APPLICATION OF THE INNOVATION The attached technical description, together with attached drawings fully explains the concept of the Innovation and how to use it. Application of the innovation win be described in the case of using of the EVS in light emitting balls. EVS gadget is built into a special module containing batteries and the fight-emitting source.

Switch contacts (position) and 2) are connected into electric current circuit together with batteries and light or sound emitting source (Figure 1).

Module is installed into interior of the ball. When the ball is at rest, contacts or EVS are in neutral position, electric current circuit is opened and there are no indications on the ball. When the ball is set in motion (touched, carried, rolled or hurled) different intensity forces and frequencies occur, sufficient to make the small bat ! on the top of the contct swing, causing elastic deformations of this contact, which touches ewith its surface ring of the second contact and closes the electric current circuit (Position 6). At this moment the tight or sound source is being activated. Touch of these two contacts is instantaneous, because due to stiffness of the contact the ball returns into neutral position. and due to inertia also on the second half of the ring. During this time the electric current circuit is opened and the light or sound emitting sources are inactive. Only at the touch of

the contact with the ball second half of the ring comes to activatiion of sound and light emitting source. EVS is adjusted to carry out with one initiation imputse several (5-10) oscillations, which results in flashing of the light source within the ball, i. e. discontinuous Functioning oF tile sound source. After using of the ball the contacts come againg into neutral positioin making sound and light emitting sources inactive.

7. WAYS OF OF APPLICATION OF THE INNOVATION This is the way in which the innovation enables profitable production of very practical and useful equipment, Fuifiiiing ali technical requiremetits for production of tilis sort oF equipment. it is evident from the outset for engineering specialist that numerous vasriantsd and changes on the EVS switches can be made, without moving away from essential purpose of the innovation.

The next text describes some of these variants and alternatives of application.

Application 1: LIGHT EMITTING MODULE FOR SHOE WARE This innovation can be used in production of sport shoe ware, fashion shoes and special shoe ware-roll shoes, and has been design so as to enable the user to create light effect of flashing which may be very attractive For visual perception as fashion styled detail, introducing element out play and extremely useful for marking of user under conditions otpoor visibility, especially in traffic. This effect occurs in walking, running, biking and generally speaking when moving. When inactive this effect is totally passive.

The greatest problem with such objects is how to activate the tight emitting system and how to create the efefect of blinking. Durability of the entire system and

consumption of electric energy also represent particular problems. Such solutions are based on manual activation of electronic system by classical on-off switch and continuous or discontinuous electronic simulated work, till the point of switching off, imposed, by using of this same on-off switch. Such a system cannot react automatically to walking, i. e, body movement, carrying, shaking, trembling or similar.

In the same way frequency of tight emitting shoe ware system cannot follow speed and intensity of movement, which means that it must be attuned before that, while the outgoing system retains same properties, i. e. constant pre-programmed frequency, Such systems display large size and mass. Similarly solutions for production of light effects on the basis of chemical reactions are based on small modules with limited capacities, without possibility of change, making life time of this system relatively short (10 to 0 days), light intensity insignificant, hardly to be noticed and without blinking and flashing effect.

Solutions for this type of shoe ware production are still non-existent. There are classical electronic solutions, having basic flaw in the way of activation of the system by application of classical on-off switch, expensive electronic components and relays, high-energy consumption, and excessive weight. The effect of outgoing functioning has artificial and simulated properties, due to electronic programming and the failure to follow up speed and intensity of movement. it also cannot appropriately change frequency and intensity of contact, movement, jerky shifting and shaking and consequently is incapable of changing frequency and intensity of the outgoin g signal. Prior to application of this system, user must manually set it in motion by classical switch only on predestined place, which afterwards closes the electric current circuit and starts action of the electronic system, which has got program for operation of the outgoing sub-systems. Such a system is either entirely independent and has no connection with speed and intensity of impulse activities of the user (touching, moving, shaking or carrying...), while outgoing effect

(Hashing) is not eye-catching due to its simplicity. Mass and size are relatively large. Solutions by application of chemically reactive systems have flaw in small capacity and relatively weak light intensity and short working lifetime, Primary goal ! of the innovation is to define and design highly reliable, durable and sufficiently sensitive device which will be installed in the shoe ware (fashion shoes, sport shoes, children shoes or roll shoes), capable of detecting the smallest, even slightest user's touch, walking or body movement, carrying, shaking, biking or similar, and activating the light source which will intermittently operate at different frequencies, depending on speed and intensity of stitnulus activity at the eye-catching and attractive frequencies, i. e. such device must attract user's attention and ensure safe operation in traffic, especially under conditions of pure visibility twilight, fog), top quality feeling, amusing play and use for other applications, while retaining at the same time high efficiency, properties of simple design and high sensitivity level, durability, small mass, size and small discontinuous energy consumption as well as very low price level.

Furthermore the goal of innovation is to define and design such a device, which can, under supposition of fulfilling general aitns (marking of the user in traffic at poor visibility, shoe ware decoration, play and animation and similar), also be used for other purposes (indirect illumination of micro zone under of the sole of shoe and support in movement under condition of poor visibility.

Additional oals and advantages of innovation are shown in the fbiiowing description.

Light emitting module for shoe ware includes components, which are installed into sole of the shoe heel: battery compartment (Figure 7, Position 2), battery-source of DC current (Figure 9, Position 3), electro-mechanical vibration switcher-

patented innovation No. P20000695 A (Fig. 7, Pos, 4), upper closing device of battery compartment (Figure 8, Position 5) and LED diode with transparent reflection chambers installed on the frond and rear part of the shoe sole (Fig. 7, Pos. 6 and 7) and (Fi,. 11, Pos. 7), so as to install one or two electrically separated different color LED diodes (Fig, 10), which gives the user possibility of choosing of different light color on the main switch (Fig. 7, Pos. 8) and (Fig. 10), being installed into upper part of the shoe ware in the form of dismountable plug connection ("press button")-Fig. 11, Position 9, whereby elements are connected by flexible, fine wired conduits (Fig. 7, Pos. tO) so as to form eharmonious entity, and the electric components are mutually connected so as to ensure transfer from one electric current circuit having one color to another one having different color by simple re-connection by application of plug connector ("press button"). This enables reduction of electric current consumption obtained from batteries in conditions ofgood visibility (daylight, good illumination, etc.). Operation of the system is based on functioning of sensitive EVS switch enabling inciting of oscillations due to touch, walking, carrying, shirting and discontinuous closure of electric circuit, and as a final result creation of light signal in the transparent housing (Pos. 7) in the form of oscillations, which might be of great use in traffic under conditions of poor visibility (night, twilight, fog, etc.) and especially interesting, for decoration of fashion shoes, sport shoes, children and specialized shoe ware (roll shoes), as well as for the purpose of playing.

Now details of presupposed realization of the innovastion will be given, illustrated by the attached drawings.

In reference to Fi 78, 9, 10 and I I it can be seen that the light module installed in the shoe ware includes components to be installed into sole heel of the show ware : DC source housing (Fig. 7, Pos. 2) and the upper breech mechanism of the battery compartment (Fig. 9, Pos. 5) for the purpose of batter change, two 1,5 V batteries (Fig. 9, Pos. 3), EVS switch-patented application NO. P20000695A (Fig. 7, Pos.

4) and LED diode, with reflecting chambers installed on the front and rear part of the shoe sole (Fig. 7, Pos 6 and 7) and (Fig.)), Pos. 7), producing tight intensity level visible also by daylight. One or two separate different color LED diodes (Fig.

10), as well as main switch (Fi. 7. Pos. 8) and (Figs 10) are installed in the upper part of the shoe ware in the form of dismountable plug connection ("press button") -Fig, 1L Pos. 9.

The housing and breech mechanism are made ofpoiymer material mutuaiiy connected with elastic tightening joint. Condis connect all electrical components (Fig. 7, Pos. 10), and Fig. 10, so as to make harmonious unit, electrical installations being joined mutually so as to ensure on one point (ig. 11, Pos. 9) transfer from one electric current circuit (one color) to another (another color), by simple reconnection over dismountable plug connection ("press buttons"), which connection can be entirely interrupted by contact separation ("press buttons").

The following description gives an example of Hashing tight emitting shoe ware for the purpose of marking of pedestrians and bikers, and traffic participants under conditions of poor visibility (night and fog).

Prior to use of light emitting shoes user must choose electric current circuit (Fig, 11, Pos. 9)-selection of light color-by simple reconnection over dismountable plug connection ("press button"). After activation of the main switch and simultaneous choice of color, user might start up with use of shoe ware. during user's rest light module will not emit signals. For the period of walking, body stir, running, hiking and generally speaking any motion, oscillation will arise and will be transferred on the EVS switch. EVS (Pos. 4) which also represents an innovation (see patented innovation No. P20000695A), consiss of electric conductor in the form of ring 8 copper or similar), insulator (plastic, rubber) and sprial or Fiat steel spring with metal ball (mass), The ring is directly connected on one fo teh battery poles, while the metal ball is connected to one tight emission

Pole. another light source pole is directly connected on the left over battery pole (Fig. 10). Prompted by oscillation the EVS will activate and swing the metal spring, which will start to oscillate touching ill one moment the ring and closing the electric current circuit activating electric current source. The next-moment it will open the electric current circuit and cut feedin, of the tight source, which wit) result in module flashing.

Duration of the process by single movement depends on sensitivity degree of the EVS (from to several seconds). For renewed activation of the system new shift is required. As long as the movement lasts, oscillating signal will continuously its frequency depending on intensity of the movement. The appearance of the signal from module warns car drivers,"rollers"and even other pedestrians and bikers on presence of the marked pedestrian or biker on the road and the need to take required care measures in driving, overtaking and passing by.

Reaching the well lighted place user can switch off light emitting shoes, disconnecting main switch elements on the upper part of shoe ware in the form of dismountable plug connection ("press buttons") - Fig. 11, Pos. 9, thus reducing battery consumption.

Application 2. LIGH EMITTING BALL This innovation can be applied for playing with balls, especially designed and equipped with iight and sound emitting module. For years. designers of children toys and especially balls coat their product surfaces with diverse colors and graphic designs, with the Coal to attract the attention of children and make the play more interesting. Slowly, classical forms of graphic design have become exhausted and the market expects some new solutions for increase of attractiveness of their play with balls.

Already known solutions in ball manufacture originate in the need to incite children fantasy and increase its magnetism for them. Balls are adorned with diverse colors, motives and figures. Selection include famous cartoon heroes, populasr singers, actors, sportsmen, advert slgans of differen companies. Some solutions displayed tendency towards simplicity, which means that you could find one colored and even transparent balls. All these solutions have instantaneous impact on childrne fancy. The strongest impact occurs at the moment of the first contact with the ball. After tht the ball losses slowly its attractiveness and significance and rapidly fails into oblivion due to market saturation with classical balls. There are attempts to design bails with iight source located in its interior. All these solutions have not found technical validation in serial production, mainly due to large size of light module, large and heavy batteries, and impractical electric bulbs with glowing threads with short life time, not resistant to vibrations, with complex model of switches, unevenness created by iight module, iow sensitivity of the light module to external stimulus (no response during carrying of the ball, rolling or throwing, response being effected only when kicking the ball without light flashing).

Primary aim is to improve and develop the existing solutions directed towards increase of magnetism of the bat) and piay so as to equip the ball with and sound module with integrated EVS with high level sensitivity, having extremely low size and mass- Secondary goai is to ensure top quality sound and light effects in the form of oscillation.

Additional aims and advantages win partly be shown in the following descrption, and partly will be recognized in application of the innovation.

The light ball includes the air chamber in the form of sphere with installed light and sound modules in the interior of the ball through the walls of the air chamber.

The form and size of the modules do not disturb normal properties of the ball (rolling. skipping, flight, etc.). Besides that the light module has got LED diodes, system of feeding with direct current (batteries), and EVS switch for activating of the light source. Sound module may be integrated into light module by installation of sound source and the amptifier, but it may also be independent, with all the required components (housing, battery compartment, sound source, EVS). In all these cases EVS is activated by vibrations (each contact of the ball with the ground or some other obstacle when throwing, rolling or touching and carrying, or shaking it, causing creation of the closed circuit, because they are made of conductive ring with the inbuilt steel wire, with spiral or flat spring wire, having on top contact in the form of the ball, Bail and spring wire length and weight are sized so as to produce vibrations of the spring and throwing of the ball from one to another side. when hit, shaken or touched, closing the electric current circuit and emitting flashing light and/or sound in the ball interior. This makes play interesting and attractive to the players.

All previous attempts of iighted ball have essentially failed, due to unknown solution of EVS switch, which problem has been solved with our solution. We have achieved great improvement in production of light effect or'the ball, which is going to attract users attention and make playing interesting.

Now I am going to give a detailed account of advantages in realization of innovation. One example has been illustrated in the attached drawings.

We draw your attention to Figures 12 and 13 showing that the light-emitting ball has the air chamber within the ball (Position 7). There are transparent zones in the form of equator ranging in width from approximately 40-50 mm (Figure 12, Position 8). This is the zone through which the liCht will protrude when the ball is in action (Figure 12). Sound and tight module are being installed into air chamber (Figure 12, Position 2) as well as the module for ball pumping 9Figure 12, Position 6). Modules can be installed on two points. oil one one of meridians under the angle of

1800 (Figure 12). This is the way to ensure the appropriate mass balance. Light and sound modules are installed in housings, which can be easily installed into the air chamber by process of gluing and heat treatment (Fig. 12). The light module consists of batteries (possibility of change). Fig. ! 4-Pos. 9 for feeding of the light source (LED diode, Fig. 14-Pos. 3), and ESO switch (Fig. 14, Pos. 5).

For the purpose of broadening of configuration electronic assemblies for light effects programming may be used. EVS switch, patent number P20000695A, represents innovation too. It consists of electrically conductive housing in the form of ring (copper and similar), insulation (plastic material, rubber), spirale or flat steel spring with metal ball on top (Position 5). Ring is directly joined with one of battery po ! es, white the small metal ball is connected with one light source.

Another light source pole is directly connected on the left battery pole (Fig. 17). At moment when the ball is thrown and touches the ground, or if it is carried, EVS switch is going to activate metal ball, swing the steel spring, which starts to osciallate touching in one moment the ring and closing the electric current circuit and activating the electric current source. The next moment it will close the electric current circuit and activate the current supply, and moment later it will open it and break energy supply, with result of making ihe light-emittingball to flash and blink.

Duration of this process depends on sensitivity degree of EVS switch (from 2 to 10 seconds). The reactivastion of the system demands new contact with the ball. Here we see that one very simple device (EVS switch) enables flashing effect in an easy manner.

This same description is also valid for application of the sound module, which consists of feeding batteries for DC electric current for running of the sound module, EVS switch and the amplifier.

Sound and light modules can be installed into the ball as separate units, as well as integrated systems (one module with one EVS switch).

Application ANGLING SIGNALING MODULE This innovation refers to angling appliances, designed so as to warn the angler on the presence offish in the bated hook area, i. e. touching of the hook carrying bait or lure by fish, emitting warning light and/or sound signals.

The greatest problem for anglers is how to control state of engagement and activity of fish, especially in the moment of their touching of the bated hook, in condition of poor visibility (twilight, darkness, fog) in such circumstances it is impossible to determine right moment for pulling out of the rod with bated hook. Classical solutions took the form of bells and complex systems in the area of reel spool, which basically failed to yield positive results. Now there is tendency to find out simpler solutions elaborated on the basis of trouble-free, very cheap and efficient devices For the moment, there are no ways of fish contact detection on the baited hook in the form of sound and/or light signal induced by top sensitivity EVS switch with long life time expectancy.

The already known methods of installation of bells on the rod top display high level of lack of efficiency and unreliability, accompanied by low level sensitivity.

There are also very complex systems functioning on the principle of activation of classical switch by force, which occurs in plastic angling line at the moment of fish contact with bated hook. Such systems, which are installed in reel spool device are very expensive, complex and often disturb regular functioning of the angling rod, displaying at the same time very low sensitivity level.

Primary goal of this innovation is definition and design of highly reliable and sufficiently sensitive device capable of detecting each, even the least fish contact With the bated hook, and proceeding of this information to the user in the form of

light and/or sound signal, i. e. such a device, which will by its efficiency, simplicity of design, adjustable sensitivity, small size, ong life time, very small weight and low and discontinuous energy consumption and very low price attract attention of customers and ensure them conditions for top quality angling in poor visibility ( night, twilight, fog). Further goals and advantages of this innovation shall be presented in the following description.

Angling signaling module contains four parts housing (Fig. 18, Pos. 1,2,3,4) with installed following elements: EVS switch (Fig. 19, Pos.5)-registered patent No.

P20000695A, two 175 V and approximately 200 mAh button batteries (Figure 19, Pos. 6), spiral spring (Figure 1 9, Pos. 7) 7 cylindrical insulator (Figure 19, pos. 11), contact ring (Fig. 19, Pos. 8), contact plate-insulator (Figure 19, Pos. 9) and LED diodes (Figure 19, Pos. 10), whereby positions 1 and 2 are joined by glue, as well as positions 3 and 4 (Fig. 20) ; Afterwards such integrated assemblies are mutually joined either by threaded joint (Fig. 20,, view"b-b") or in the form of elastic clamp joint, whereby these elements are joined so as to build harmonious unit. Electric devices are mutually connected so as to enable their disconnection by switcing of the main integrated assemblies, putting this unit in function or switch them oR, depending on contact established between contact ring (Pos. 8) and the contact plate (Pos 5). Basic operation of the system is ensured by impeccable functioning of the sensitive EVS switch incited by vibration of anglin rod on which it is positioned or from angling float on which it is being installed. This causes discontinuous closure of the electric current circuit, and as the final result discontinuous Hash iight through transparent element (Pos 4) in the form oF flutter and/or discontinuous warning signals. This gives the user signal when to pull the rod, i. e. angling plastic thread, and so enable him top quality angling in conditions of poor visibility (night, dusk, fog).

Now come some details of the presupposed realization of innovation through one example illustrated by the attached drawings-

We turn attention to Fig. 18, 19 and 20, where angling signaling module can be seen. ! t consists of the two-part housing, each part consisting of two mutually glued elements: Pos 1 and 2 and Pos. 3 and 4, Fig No. 20.

Components of the housing are mutually joined by threaded joint (thread shown on Pos. 2 and 3) or by elastic clamp joint. This threaded joint or elastic clamp joint enable opening of the module during battery change ensuring complete switch off of module during transport (turning of housing components for approximately 9D ° and creation of air clearance between EVS contact plate (Fig. 19, Pos. 5, detail"a") and the contact ring (Fig. 19, Pos. 8, detail"a"), There are designations"on"and "off'with indication of appropriate rotation direction depending on the state of activation or deactivation of the module. Housing is made of tight material (polymer), while signaling part of the housing (Pos. 4) is transparent so as to ensure light emission from the interior of the module. Housing is used for accommodation of electromechanical components of EVS (Pos 5), for activation of LED diodes (Pos-10), button batteries (pos. 6) and for feeding of the systemd with DC electricity. There are also cylindrical insulation (Pos. 11)-battery coating to prevent contact between contact plate of EVS (Pos.5) and battery compartment (Pos. 6), spring (pos, 7), contact ring (Pos. 8), insulation plate (Pos. 9) and LED diodes 8 Pos. I GJ.

Housing of the angling light module has also got ; integrated embracing ring (Pos. 2) with split for installation on the angling rod tip. If the module is installed into angling float (Fig. 23, 24 and 25) then it is made without embracing ring.

After coming on the place of angling the angler must activate module feeding by turning of the two part housing into position which ensures connection of all elements of the electric current circuit.

Prior to installation, putting on the rod top or insertion into the angling float, operational feasibility of the module must be checked by its shaking. As soon as the blinking tight appears module is ready for operation, and can be installed (put on) the rod top or into the float. After that the angler can start angling. As long as

the fish doesn't come, i. e. as the contact with the hook has not been realized, the module will stay silent without emission of any si, nah The force of wind or other environmental forces casnnot spur sensitivity of the system.

When the fish contacts the bated hook, rod or Float will start to vibrate. Vibrations will be transferred on EVS switch. EVS switch (Pos. 5) consists of electrically conductible ring shaped housing (copper or similar), insulator (plastic, rubber) and sprial or flat steel spring with metal ball (mass). Ring is directly connected to one of battery poles. while metai baii is connected with one light source po) e. Another light pole is directly connected on the left battery pole (Pos, Stirred by oscillation the EVS will be activated so that the metal bail starts to swing the steel spring, which starts to vibrate touching in one moment the ring, closing the electric current circuit and activating source of electric current. Next moment it opens electric current circuit and stops feeding of the light source, which results in blinking of the module. Duration of this process depends upon degree of sensitivity of EVS switch (from I to several seconds). For renewed activation of the system new fish contact with the hook is required.

The appearance of signal from module warns the angler that fish is touching the bated hook, so that he needs to carry out required actions for its catching (strike by quick lifting of the rod, pulling of the angling line by rolling of reel device and similar actions). These signals are very important in poor visibility angling (darkness, dusk, fog).

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