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Title:
END CAP FOR CEILING PANEL AND CEILING SYSTEM INCOPORATING THE SAME
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/108475
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Described herein is a ceiling panel assembly comprising a panel body having an inner surface defining an internal cavity having a first open end defined by a first side edge of the panel body, a first end cap comprising a face plate, an insertion portion extending from an inner surface of the face plate, and a concealment portion extending from the inner surface of the face plate; and the first end cap coupled to the panel body so that: (1) the insertion portion extends into the internal cavity; (2) the concealment portion wraps around at least a portion of the first edge and is adjacent an outer surface of the panel body; and (3) the end face plate encloses the first open end of the internal cavity, and the first end cap is coupled to the panel body by frictional fit.

Inventors:
FRIEZ, Nicholas J. (425 N. Prince Street, Apt. 107Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 17603, US)
Application Number:
US2018/062441
Publication Date:
June 06, 2019
Filing Date:
November 26, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
ARMSTRONG WORLD INDUSTRIES, INC. (2500 Columbia Avenue, P.O. Box 3001Lancaster, Pennsylvania, 17604-3001, US)
International Classes:
E04B9/34
Foreign References:
US4200171A1980-04-29
US6279278B12001-08-28
KR200458337Y12012-02-15
US5331785A1994-07-26
KR100463919B12005-01-03
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
STERNER, Craig M. (ARMSTRONG WORLD INDUSTRIES, INC.2500 Columbia Avenue,P.O. Box 300, Lancaster Pennsylvania, 17604-3001, US)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A ceiling panel assembly comprising:

a panel body having an inner surface defining an internal cavity having a first open end defined by a first side edge of the panel body;

a first end cap comprising a face plate, an insertion portion extending from an inner surface of the face plate, and a concealment portion extending from the inner surface of the face plate; and

the first end cap coupled to the panel body so that: (1) the insertion portion extends into the internal cavity; (2) the concealment portion wraps around at least a portion of the first edge and is adjacent an outer surface of the panel body; and (3) the end face plate encloses the first open end of the internal cavity.

2. The ceiling panel assembly according to claim 1 wherein the insertion portion retains the first end cap to the panel body via a friction-fit between the insertion portion and the inner surface of the panel body.

3. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 1 to 2 wherein the insertion portion comprises a first insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at an upper end of the face plate and a second insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at a lower end of the face plate.

4. The ceiling panel assembly according to claim 3 wherein each of the first and second insertion plates are in biased contact with the inner surface of the panel body.

5. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 3 to 4 further comprising:

the first insertion plate comprising: a first contact section extending from the inner surface of the face plate at the upper end of the face plate; and a first entry section at a distal end of the first contact section and extending downwardly therefrom in an inclined orientation; and the second insertion plate comprising: a second contact section extending from the inner surface of the face plate at the lower end of the face plate; and a second entry section at a distal end of the second contact section and extending upwardly therefrom in an inclined orientation.

6. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 3 to 5 wherein the first insertion plate has an inner surface, the first insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate so that a first obtuse angle is formed between the inner surface of the first insertion plate and the inner surface of the face plate; and wherein the second insertion plate has an inner surface, the second insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate so that a second obtuse angle is formed between the inner surface of the second insertion plate and the inner surface of the face plate.

7. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 1 to 6 wherein a portion of the panel body adjacent the first edge is located between the insertion portion of the first end cap and the concealment portion of the end cap.

8. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 1 to 7 further comprising:

the concealment portion of the first end cap comprising: a first concealment plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at a first side of the face plate; and a second concealment plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at a second side of the face plate, the second side of the face plate opposite the first side of the face plate;

the first concealment plate wrapping around a first side portion of the first edge; and

the second concealment plate wrapping around a second side portion of the first edge.

9. The ceiling panel assembly according to claim 8 further comprising: the outer surface of the panel body comprising a front surface, a rear surface, an upper surface extending between the front and rear surface, and a lower surface extending between the front and rear surface;

the first concealment plate comprising a first middle section wrapping around a first side portion of the first edge and being adjacent the front surface of the panel body, a first lower section extending inwardly from an inner surface of the first middle section and being adjacent the lower surface of the panel body, and a first upper section extending inwardly from the inner surface of the first middle section and being adjacent the upper surface of the panel body; and

the second concealment plate comprising a second middle section wrapping around a second side portion of the second edge and being adjacent the front surface of the panel body, a second lower section extending inwardly from an inner surface of the second middle section and being adjacent the lower surface of the panel body, and a second upper section extending inwardly from the inner surface of the second middle section and being adjacent the upper surface of the panel body.

10. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 1 to 9 wherein the first end cap is formed of a single sheet of metal bent into shape.

11. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 1 to 10 further comprising:

the internal cavity of the panel body having a second open end defined by a second side edge of the panel body;

a second end cap comprising a second face plate, a second insertion portion extending from an inner surface of the second face plate, and a second concealment portion extending from the inner surface of the second face plate; and

the second end cap coupled to the panel body so that: (1) the second insertion portion extends into the internal cavity; (2) the second concealment portion wraps around at least a portion of the second edge and is adjacent the outer surface of the panel body; and (3) the second face plate encloses the second open end of the internal cavity.

12. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 1 to 11 wherein the panel body is metal.

13. A ceiling panel assembly comprising:

a panel body having an inner surface defining an internal cavity having a first open end defined by a first side edge of the panel body;

a first end cap comprising a face plate, an insertion portion extending from an inner surface of the face plate, and a concealment portion extending from the inner surface of the face plate; and

the first end cap coupled to the panel body so that: (1) the insertion portion extends into the internal cavity; (2) the concealment portion wraps around at least a portion of the first edge and is adjacent an outer surface of the panel body; and (3) the end face plate encloses the first open end of the internal cavity.

14. The ceiling panel assembly according to claim 13 wherein the panel body is formed of metal.

15. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 13 to 14 wherein the panel body comprises perforations.

16. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 13 to 15 wherein the ceiling panel comprises a front wall, a rear wall, a bottom wall, and a top wall that collectively define the internal cavity.

17. A ceiling panel assembly comprising:

a panel body having an inner surface defining an internal cavity having a first open end defined by a first side edge of the panel body;

a first end cap comprising:

a face plate;

a first insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at an upper end of the face plate; and a second insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at a lower end of the face plate;

the first end cap coupled to panel body so that: (1) the end face plate encloses the first open end of the internal cavity; and (2) the first and second insertion plates are biased into contact with the inner surface of the panel body to retain the first end cap to the panel body via a friction-fit.

18. The ceiling panel assembly according to claim 17 wherein the first insertion plate has an inner surface, the first insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate so that a first obtuse angle is formed between the inner surface of the first insertion plate and the inner surface of the face plate; and wherein the second insertion plate has an inner surface, the second insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate so that a second obtuse angle is formed between the inner surface of the second insertion plate and the inner surface of the face plate.

19. The ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 17 to 18 further comprising:

the first insertion plate comprising: a first contact section extending from the inner surface of the face plate at the upper end of the face plate; and a first entry section at a distal end of the first contact section and extending downwardly therefrom in an inclined orientation; and

the second insertion plate comprising: a second contact section extending from the inner surface of the face plate at the lower end of the face plate; and a second entry section at a distal end of the second contact section and extending upwardly therefrom in an inclined orientation.

20. A ceiling system comprising:

at least one of the ceiling panel assembly according to any one of claims 1 to 19: an overhead support structure; and

the at least one of the ceiling panel assembly mounted to the overhead support structure.

21. The ceiling system according to claim 20 wherein the overhead support structure comprises at least one suspended strut.

22. The ceiling system according to any one of claims 20 to 21 wherein the at least one of the ceiling panel assembly is mounted to the overhead support structure so as to be suspended below the overhead support structure in a vertical orientation.

23. An end cap for a panel body of a ceiling baffle, the end cap comprising:

a face plate;

an insertion portion extending from an inner surface of the face plate; a concealment portion extending from the inner surface of the face plate; and a gap being formed between an inner surface of the concealment portion and an outer surface of the insertion portion that is configured to receive an edge portion of the panel body.

24. The end cap according to claim 19 further comprising the insertion portion comprising a first insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at an upper end of the face plate and a second insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at a lower end of the face plate.

25. The end cap according to claim 20 further comprising:

the first insertion plate comprising: a first contact section extending from the inner surface of the face plate at the upper end of the face plate; and a first entry section at a distal end of the first contact section and extending downwardly therefrom in an inclined orientation; and

the second insertion plate comprising: a second contact section extending from the inner surface of the face plate at the lower end of the face plate; and a second entry section at a distal end of the second contact section and extending upwardly therefrom in an inclined orientation.

26. The end cap according to any one of claims 20 to 21 wherein the first insertion plate has an inner surface, the first insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate so that a first obtuse angle is formed between the inner surface of the first insertion plate and the inner surface of the face plate; and wherein the second insertion plate has an inner surface, the second insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate so that a second obtuse angle is formed between the inner surface of the second insertion plate and the inner surface of the face plate.

27. The end cap according to any one of claims 20 to 22 further comprising the concealment portion comprising a first concealment plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at a first side of the face plate and a second concealment plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at a second side of the face plate, the second side of the face plate opposite the first side of the face plate;

28. The end cap according to claim 23 further comprising:

the first concealment plate comprising a first middle section extending from the inner surface of the face plate at the first side of the face plate, a first lower section extending inwardly from an inner surface of the first middle section and below the second insertion plate and terminating at a distal end, and a first upper section extending inwardly from the inner surface of the first middle section to extend above the first insertion plate and terminating at a distal end; and

the second concealment plate comprising a second middle section extending from the inner surface of the face plate at the second side of the face plate, a second lower section extending inwardly from an inner surface of the second middle section and below the second insertion plate and terminating at a distal end, and a second upper section extending inwardly from the inner surface of the second middle section to extend above the first insertion plate and terminating at a distal end.

29. The end cap according to claim 24 wherein a first gap exists between a lower surface of the first upper section and an upper surface of the first insertion plate; wherein a second gap exists between a lower surface of the second upper section and the upper surface of the first insertion plate; wherein a third gap exists between the upper surface of the first lower section and a lower surface of the second insertion plate; and wherein a fourth gap exists between an upper surface of the second lower section and the lower surface of the second insertion plate.

30. The end cap according to any one of claims 24 to 25 wherein the distal ends of the first and second lower sections abut one another.

31. A method of installing a ceiling system comprising:

providing an end cap and a first panel body extending along a longitudinal axis from a first side edge that is opposite a second side edge;

removing a longitudinal portion comprising the first side edge from the first panel body to create shortened first panel body comprising a non-factory side edge opposite the second side edge;

attaching the end cap to the shortened panel body such that the end cap conceals at least a portion of the non-factor side edge; and

mounting the shortened first panel body to an overhead support grid.

32. The method according to claim 31, wherein the shortened first panel body comprises an inner surface defining an internal cavity, the first and second insertion portions entering the internal cavity during attachment of the end cap to the shortened first panel body.

33. The method according to claim 32, wherein during attachment of the end cap to the shortened first panel body, the first and second insertion portions contact the inner surface of the internal cavity causing the first and second insertion portions to be biased toward each other.

34. The method according to claim 33, wherein a frictional fit is created between the first and second insertion portions and the inner surface of the shortened first panel body.

35. The method according to any one of claims 31 to 34, wherein the ceiling system further comprises a second panel body mounted to the overhead support gird, the second panel body having a length that is different than the length of the shortened first panel body.

Description:
END CAP FOR CEILING PANEL AND CEILING SYSTEM INCOPORATING THE SAME

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application is a PCT International Application of United States Patent Application No. 62/592,137, filed on November 29, 2017. The disclosure of the above application is incorporated herein by reference.

BACKGROUND

[0002] Ceiling panels - such as vertical metal blades - may be placed in a ceiling system to impart desired aesthetic value to a room environment. These vertical ceiling panels are produced as factory-supplied panels having predetermined dimensions. Difficulties exist when installing such factory- supplied panels in a ceiling system that require panels of varying dimensions. Either there various differently-sized panels must be ordered to an installation site - thereby making the building process more inconvenient, or such factory- supplied panels may be improperly modified at the time of installation to fit the custom needs of the ceiling system. However, such customization of factory-supplied panels is undesirable as it creates noticeable flaws in the panel that otherwise do not exist before such modification. Therefore, while the dimensions of the panel may be modified, the overall aesthetic appearance of such panel is greatly damaged - thereby negatively impacting the resulting ceiling system. Thus, there exists a need for a ceiling system comprising factory supplied ceiling panels that may be modified at the time of installation while avoiding the aesthetic setback issues created by such customization.

BRIEF SUMMARY

[0003] The present invention may be directed to a ceiling panel assembly comprising: a panel body having an inner surface defining an internal cavity having a first open end defined by a first side edge of the panel body; a first end cap comprising a face plate, an insertion portion extending from an inner surface of the face plate, and a concealment portion extending from the inner surface of the face plate; and the first end cap coupled to the panel body so that: (1) the insertion portion extends into the internal cavity; (2) the concealment portion wraps around at least a portion of the first edge and is adjacent an outer surface of the panel body; and (3) the end face plate encloses the first open end of the internal cavity. [0004] In one embodiment, the invention may be a ceiling panel assembly comprising: a panel body having an inner surface defining an internal cavity having a first open end defined by a first side edge of the panel body; a first end cap comprising a face plate, an insertion portion extending from an inner surface of the face plate, and a concealment portion extending from the inner surface of the face plate; and the first end cap coupled to the panel body so that: (1) the insertion portion extends into the internal cavity; (2) the concealment portion wraps around at least a portion of the first edge and is adjacent an outer surface of the panel body; and (3) the end face plate encloses the first open end of the internal cavity.

[0005] In other embodiments, the present invention includes a ceiling panel assembly comprising: a panel body having an inner surface defining an internal cavity having a first open end defined by a first side edge of the panel body; a first end cap comprising: a face plate; a first insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at an upper end of the face plate; and a second insertion plate extending from the inner surface of the face plate at a lower end of the face plate; the first end cap coupled to panel body so that: (1) the end face plate encloses the first open end of the internal cavity; and (2) the first and second concealment plates are biased into contact with the inner surface of the panel body to retain the first end cap to the panel body via a friction-fit.

[0006] Other embodiments of the present invention include a ceiling system comprising one or more of the aforementioned ceiling panel assemblies, the ceiling system further comprising: an overhead support structure; and at least one of the ceiling panel assembly mounted to the overhead support structure, the ceiling panel assembly.

[0007] In other embodiments, the present invention may include an end cap for a panel body of a ceiling baffle, the end cap comprising: a face plate; an insertion portion extending from an inner surface of the face plate; a concealment portion extending from the inner surface of the face plate; and a gap being formed between an inner surface of the concealment portion and an outer surface of the insertion portion that is configured to receive an edge portion of the panel body.

[0008] Other embodiments of the present invention include a method of installing a ceiling system comprising: providing an end cap and a first panel body extending along a longitudinal axis from a first side edge that is opposite a second side edge; removing a longitudinal portion comprising the first side edge from the first panel body to create shortened first panel body comprising a non-factory side edge opposite the second side edge; attaching the end cap to the shortened panel body such that the end cap conceals at least a portion of the non-factor side edge; and mounting the shortened first panel body to an overhead support grid.

[0009] Further areas of applicability of the present invention will become apparent from the detailed description provided hereinafter. It should be understood that the detailed description and specific examples, while indicating the preferred embodiment of the invention, are intended for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0010] The present invention will become more fully understood from the detailed description and the accompanying drawings, wherein:

[0011] Figure 1 is a perspective view of a ceiling system comprising a plurality of ceiling panel assemblies according to the present invention;

[0012] Figure 2 is a perspective view of the ceiling panel assembly of the present invention;

[0013] Figure 3 is a perspective view of an end cap in an uninstalled state from a panel body;

[0014] Figure 4 is a top perspective view of the ceiling panel assembly installed within the ceiling system according to the present invention;

[0015] Figure 5 is a bottom perspective view of the ceiling panel assembly installed within the ceiling system according to the present invention;

[0016] Figure 6 is a rear top perspective view of the end cap according to the present invention;

[0017] Figure 7 is a front top perspective view of the end cap according to the present invention;

[0018] Figure 8 is a rear elevation view of the end cap according to the present invention;

[0019] Figure 9 is a front elevation view of the end cap according to the present invention;

[0020] Figure 10 is top view of the end cap according to the present invention;

[0021] Figure 11 is a bottom view of the end cap according to the present invention;

[0022] Figure 12 is a side view of the end cap according to the present invention;

[0023] Figure 13 is a cross-sectional view of the end cap along line XI-XI in Figure 8;

[0024] Figure 14 is a cross-sectional view of the panel assembly along line XII-XII in Figure 2;

[0025] Figure 15 is a side view of the panel assembly;

[0026] Figure 16 is a top view of the panel assembly;

[0027] Figure 17 is a bottom view of the panel assembly;

[0028] Figure 18 is a perspective view of the panel assembly;

[0029] Figure 19 is a perspective view of a factory-supplied panel body; [0030] Figure 20 is a perspective view of a non-factory- supplied panel body;

[0031] Figure 21 is a perspective view of a panel assembly formed from the post-cut panel body of Figure 20;

[0032] Figure 22 is a rear top perspective view of an end cap according to another embodiment of the present invention;

[0033] Figure 23 is a side view of the end cap according to another embodiment of the present invention end cap according to the present invention;

[0034] Figure 24 is a cross-sectional view of the end cap according to another embodiment of the present invention, the cross-sectional view being taken along line XV-XV of Figure 22; and

[0035] Figure 25 is a cross-sectional view of a panel assembly according to another embodiment of the present invention, the panel assembly formed with the end cap of Figures 22-24.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0036] The following description of the preferred embodiment(s) is merely exemplary in nature and is in no way intended to limit the invention, its application, or uses.

[0037] The description of illustrative embodiments according to principles of the present invention is intended to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings, which are to be considered part of the entire written description. In the description of embodiments of the invention disclosed herein, any reference to direction or orientation is merely intended for convenience of description and is not intended in any way to limit the scope of the present invention. Relative terms such as“lower,”“upper,”“horizontal,”“vertical,” above,”“below,” “up,” “down,” “top” and “bottom” as well as derivatives thereof (e.g., “horizontally,” “downwardly,”“upwardly,” etc.) should be construed to refer to the orientation as then described or as shown in the drawing under discussion. These relative terms are for convenience of description only and do not require that the apparatus be constructed or operated in a particular orientation unless explicitly indicated as such. Terms such as “attached,” “affixed,” “connected,”“coupled,”“interconnected,” and similar refer to a relationship wherein structures are secured or attached to one another either directly or indirectly through intervening structures, as well as both movable or rigid attachments or relationships, unless expressly described otherwise. Moreover, the features and benefits of the invention are illustrated by reference to the exemplified embodiments. Accordingly, the invention expressly should not be limited to such exemplary embodiments illustrating some possible non-limiting combination of features that may exist alone or in other combinations of features; the scope of the invention being defined by the claims appended hereto.

[0038] As used throughout, ranges are used as shorthand for describing each and every value that is within the range. Any value within the range can be selected as the terminus of the range. In addition, all references cited herein are hereby incorporated by referenced in their entireties. In the event of a conflict in a definition in the present disclosure and that of a cited reference, the present disclosure controls.

[0039] Referring to FIGS. 1, 4, and 5, a building system 1 is generally depicted. FIG. 1 illustrates the ceiling system 1 comprising a support structure 50 and a plurality of panel assemblies 100 mounted to the support structure 50, wherein the ceiling system 1 forms a ceiling for an interior room 2 (also referred to herein as“active space”) from the vantage point of looking up at the ceiling system 1 from below in the active space 2. FIG. 2 illustrates a close-up of the ceiling system 1 by itself from the vantage point of looking down at the ceiling system 1 from above in a plenum 3. FIG. 3 illustrates a close-up of the ceiling system 1 by itself from the vantage point of looking upward at the ceiling system 1 from below in the active space 2.

[0040] The plenum 3 is defined by the space above the support structure 50 and the panel assemblies 100 and below a structural boundary (i.e., subfloor of the adjacent floor, structural roof, skylight, etc.). The plenum 3 provides space for mechanical lines within a building (e.g., HVAC, plumbing, etc.). The active space 2 provides room for the building occupants during normal intended use of the building (e.g., in an office building, the active space would be occupied by offices containing computers, lamps, etc.). The For the purposes of this invention, the phrase“ceiling system” may be used in place of “building system,” however, the present invention is not limited to only ceiling systems.

[0041] The overhead support structure 50 may be a grid support that is configured for mounting in a suspended manner from an overhead building support structure via appropriate hanger elements, such as for example without limitation fasteners, hangers, wires, cables, hooks, rods, struts, etc. Although not pictured, in other embodiments include the support structure 50 may be a wall surface - e.g., dry wall, structural wall between floors of a building. In the exemplified embodiment the support structure 50 may include a plurality of grid support members 51 that are arranged parallel to one another. As shown in Figure 1, in certain embodiments the support structure 50 may include both longitudinal grid support elements and lateral grid support elements that intersect one another. The use of support structure 50 of these types is generally well known for forming a suspended ceiling in a commercial building (or any other building or space as may be desired).

[0042] The support member 51 may be an inverted T-bar comprising a horizontal flange 52 and a vertical web 53. The inverted T-bar may further comprise a bulb 54 atop the vertical web 53. The plurality of first grid support members 51 may be substantially parallel to each other. Although not pictured, a plurality of second grid support members may be substantially perpendicular to the first grid support members 51. The plenum 3 exists above the support structure 50, and the active space 2 exists below the support structure 50. In some embodiments, the ceiling system 1 comprises at least one suspended support member 51 that is a strut.

[0043] The ceiling system 1 may further comprise at least one ceiling panel assembly 100 mounted to the overhead support structure 50 so as to be suspended below the overhead support structure 50 in a vertical orientation.

[0044] Referring now to FIGS. 2 and 3, the panel assembly 100 of the present invention comprises a panel body 200 and at least one end cap 300.

[0045] The panel body 200 may comprise a first wall 205 (also referred to as a“front wall”), a second wall 206 (also referred to as a“rear wall”), a bottom portion 207 (also referred to as a “bottom wall”), and a top portion 208 (also referred to as a“top wall”). As discussed further herein, the first wall 205, the second wall 206, the bottom portion 207, and the top portion 208 may collectively define an internal cavity 260 within the panel body 200.

[0046] The first wall 205 may be substantially vertical - also referred to herein as a“first vertical wall” 205. The second wall 206 may be substantially vertical - also referred to herein as a “second vertical wall” 206. The bottom portion 207 may extend from the first wall 205 to the second wall 206. The bottom portion 207 may be substantially horizontal - also referred to herein as a“bottom horizontal portion” 207. The top portion 208 may extend from the first wall 205 to the second wall 206. The top portion 208 may be substantially horizontal - also referred to herein as a“top horizontal portion” 208. The panel body 200 may further comprise a mounting portion 250 that extends upward from the top portion 208 - as discussed further herein.

[0047] The panel body 200 may be attached to the support structure 50 by an attachment hardware 80. The attachment hardware 80 may be capable of attachment to the mounting portion 250 of the panel body as well as the mounting flange 52 of the support structure 51. [0048] The panel body 200 comprises an outer surface 201 that is opposite an inner surface 202. The outer surface 201 comprises a first major outer surface 211 that is opposite a second major outer surface 212. The first wall 205 may comprise the first major outer surface 211. The second wall 206 may comprise the second major outer surface 212. The outer surface 201 further comprises a top outer surface 213 that is opposite a bottom outer surface 214. The top portion 208 may comprise the top outer surface 213. The bottom portion 207 may comprise the bottom outer surface 214. The top and bottom outer surfaces 213, 214 intersect the first and second major outer surfaces 211, 212. The first major outer surface 211 may extend from the top outer surface 213 to the bottom outer surface 214. The second major outer surface 212 may extend from the top outer surface 213 to the bottom outer surface 214.

[0049] The first and second major outer surfaces 211, 212 may be parallel. In other embodiments, the first and second major outer surfaces 211, 212 may not be parallel (not shown). The top and bottom outer surfaces 213, 214 may be parallel. In other embodiments, the top and bottom outer surfaces 213, 214 may not be parallel (not shown). The first and second major outer surfaces 211, 212 may each independently be perpendicular to the top outer surface 213. In other embodiments, the first and second major outer surfaces 211, 212 may each independently be oblique to the top outer surface (not shown). The first and second major outer surfaces 211, 212 may each independently be perpendicular to the bottom outer surface 214. In other embodiments, the first and second major outer surfaces 211, 212 may each independently be oblique to the bottom outer surface 214 (not shown).

[0050] The inner surface 202 may comprises a first major inner surface 221 that is opposite a second major inner surface 222. The first wall 205 may comprise the first major inner surface 221. The second wall 206 may comprise the second major inner surface 222. The inner surface 202 may further comprises a top inner surface 223 that is opposite a bottom inner surface 224. The top portion 208 may comprise the top inner surface 223. The bottom portion 207 may comprise the bottom inner surface 224. The top and bottom inner surfaces 223, 224 intersect the first and second inner major surfaces 221, 222. The first major inner surface 221 may extend from the top inner surface 223 to the bottom inner surface 224. The second major inner surface 222 may extend from the top inner surface 223 to the bottom inner surface 224.

[0051] The first and second major inner surfaces 221, 222 may be parallel. In other embodiments, the first and second major inner surfaces 221, 222 may not be parallel (not shown). The top and bottom inner surfaces 223, 224 may be parallel. In other embodiments, the top and bottom inner surfaces 223, 224 may not be parallel (not shown). The first and second major inner surfaces 221, 222 may each independently be perpendicular to the top inner surface

223. In other embodiments, the first and second major inner surfaces 221, 222 may each independently be oblique to the top inner surface 223 (not shown). The first and second major inner surfaces 221, 222 may each independently be perpendicular to the bottom inner surface

224. In other embodiments, the first and second major inner surfaces 221, 222 may each independently be oblique to the bottom outer surface 224 (not shown).

[0052] As discussed further herein, the first major inner surface 221, the second major inner surface 222, the top inner surface 223, and the bottom inner surface 224 may collectively define the internal cavity 260 within the panel body 200.

[0053] The panel body 200 may comprise a plurality of apertures 209 (also referred to as “perforations”) present on at least one of the first wall 205 and/or the second wall 206. The apertures 209 may extend from the outer surface 201 to the inner surface 202 of the panel body 200. Specifically, a plurality of apertures 209 may extend from the first major outer surface 211 of the first wall 205 to the first inner surface 221 of the first wall 205. A plurality of apertures 209 may extend from the second major outer surface 212 of the second wall 206 to the second inner surface 222 of the second wall 206. The apertures 209 may be of any suitable shape - including but not limited to circular, polygonal, or ovular. The apertures 209 may be a combination of different shapes.

[0054] The panel body 200 may further comprise a mounting portion 250 that extends upward from the top portion 208 of the panel body 200. The mounting portion 250 may extends upward from top outer surface 213 of the panel body 200. The mounting portion 250 may be t-shaped and comprise a vertical web 251 and a support flange 252. The vertical web 251 may extend upwards from the top portion 208 of the panel body 200, and the support flange 252 may extend out laterally from an upper portion of the vertical web 251.

[0055] The panel body 200 may be formed from metal, plastic, or combinations thereof. In one embodiment, the panel body 200 may be formed from a single sheet of metal that is bent into the shape of the panel body 200, wherein the perforations are punched into the sheet.

[0056] Referring now to FIGS. 19 and 20, the panel body 200 may extend along a longitudinal axis A-A. The panel body 200 may further comprise a first side edge 271 that is opposite a second side edge 281. The first side edge 271 may be collectively formed from a combination of first end portions of the first wall 205, the second wall 206, the bottom portion 207, and the top portion 208. The second side edge 281 may be collectively formed from a combination of second end portions of the first wall 205, the second wall 206, the bottom portion 207, and the top portion 208 - whereby the first end portions are opposite the second end portions along the longitudinal axis A-A. The panel body 200 may have a length as measured from the first side edge 271 to the second side edge 281 along the longitudinal axis A-A. The length of the panel body 200 may range from about 12 inches to about 144 inches - including all distances and sub ranges there-between.

[0057] The panel body 200 may comprise a first open end 270 that is defined by the first side edge 271 of the panel body 200. The panel body 200 may comprise a second open end 280 that is defined by the second side edge 281 of the panel body 200. The first and second open ends 270, 280 may intersects the longitudinal axis A-A. In some embodiments, the panel body 200 may comprise only a single open end - e.g., only the first open end 270 (not pictured)

[0058] Referring now to FIGS. 19 and 20, the first side edge 271 of the panel body 200 may be a factory-supplied first side edge 272. The phrase“factory-supplied” refers to a component supplied directly from a manufacturer, whereby no customization or modifications has been performed in the field. For example, a factory-supplied panel body 200a is one that is supplied off-the-shelf from a building materials distributor, whereby the no customization or modification has been performed at the time of installation of the ceiling system. As shown in Figure 19, the factory-supplied first side edge 271 may comprise a non-perf orated portion extending from the bottom wall 207 to the top wall 208. The non-perf orated portion adds aesthetic value to the overall panel assembly. The second side edge 281 may independently also be a factory-supplied second side edge that also comprises the non-perforated portion.

[0059] The first side edge 271 of the panel body 200 may also be a non-factory- supplied first side edge 273. The phrase“non-factory- supplied” refers to a panel body 200b that may have started as a factory- supplied panel body 200a, but has been customized / modified in the field by being cut at a cut point Xi along the longitudinal axis A-A such that the resulting panel body 200b has a custom length. The phrase“custom-cut” may be used interchangeably with“non- factory-supplied.” In a non-limiting example, a panel body 200 may be cut at the cut point Xi at the time of installation of the ceiling system. The cut point Xi may be located at any point along the longitudinal axis A-A and extend transverse to the longitudinal axis A-A. The second side edge 281 may be a non-factory-supplied second side edge (not pictured).

[0060] Referring now to FIG. 1, with the inclusion of custom-cut panel bodies 200b, the ceiling system 1 of the present invention may include a plurality of panel assemblies lOOb that have custom lengths. The non-factory supplied panel assemblies lOOb may be used in combination with factory- supplied panel assemblies lOOa within a single ceiling system 1.

[0061] Customizing the panel body 200 outside of the factory and/or at the time of installation may create issues with respect to desired aesthetics of the panel assembly 100. Specifically, contractors or ceiling installers may lack specialized equipment needed for the non-factory supplied edge 273 to be cut cleanly and without imperfections (such as bending, serrated portions, jagged texture). Furthermore, for a panel body 200 comprising fs 209, custom cutting may result in a non-factory supplied edge 273 that has rough texture due to the cut edges 273 being formed from portions of the perforations - as well as perforations 209 extend to the first and/or second side edge 271, 272 depending on which edge of the panel body 200 has been cut. The end cap 300 of the present invention solves these aesthetic issues.

[0062] Referring now to FIGS. 6-13, the end cap 300 of the present invention comprises a face plate 310, an insertion portion 330, and a concealment portion 370. The face plate 310 comprises an inner surface 311 that is opposite an outer surface 312. The face plate 310 comprises an upper end 313 that is opposite a lower end 314. The face plate 310 may extend longitudinally along a Y-axis such that the Y-axis intersects both the upper and lower ends 313, 314 of the face plate 310. An X-axis and Z-axis also exist in perpendicular relationship to the Y- axis - creating a standard three-dimensional axis system. The face plate 310 may further comprises a first side 315 that is opposite a second side 316 that are located on opposite sides of a first plane formed by the X-axis and Y-axis (the first plane may be referred to as the X-Y plane).

[0063] The inner surface 311 of the face plate 310 may be coplanar with a second plane formed by the Y-axis and the Z-axis (the second plane may also be referred to as the Y-Z plane). A third plane may exist as formed between the X-axis and the Z-axis (referred to as the X-Z plane).

[0064] The insertion portion 330 comprises a first insertion plate 340 and a second insertion plate 350. The first insertion plate 340 may have an outer surface 341 that is opposite an inner surface 342. The outer surface 341 may be parallel to the immediately adjacent inner surface 342 of the first insertion plate 340. The second insertion plate 350 may have an outer surface 351 that is opposite an inner surface 352. The outer surface 351 may be parallel to the immediately adjacent inner surface 352 of the second insertion plate 350. The inner surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340 may face the inner surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350.

[0065] Referring now to FIG. 13 in particular, the first insertion plate 340 may extend from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310. The first insertion plate 340 may extend from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310 at the upper end 313 of the face plate 310 at a first angle 0i. The second insertion plate 350 may extend from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310. The second insertion plate 350 may extend from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310 at the lower end 314 of the face plate 310 at a second angle 0 2 .

[0066] The inner surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340 may form a continuous surface with the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310. The inner surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350 may form a continuous surface with the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310.

[0067] The first angle 0i may be obtuse - i.e., greater than 90°. In some embodiments, the first angle 0i ranges from greater than 90° to about 110° - including all angles and subranges there between. In some embodiments, the first angle 0i ranges from about 91° to about 100° - including all angles and subranges there-between. In some embodiments, the first angle 0i ranges from 91° to about 95° - including all angles and subranges there-between. The first angle 0i may ranges from 91° to 93°.

[0068] The second angle 0 2 may be obtuse - i.e., greater than 90°. In some embodiments, the second angle 0 2 ranges from greater than 90° to about 110° - including all angles and subranges there-between. In some embodiments, the second angle 0 2 ranges from about 91° to about 100° - including all angles and subranges there-between. In some embodiments, the second angle 0 2 ranges from 91° to about 95° - including all angles and subranges there-between. The second angle 0 2 may ranges from 91° to 93°.

[0069] The first and second angles 0i, 0 2 refer to the end cap 300 - specifically, the first and second insertion plates 340, 350, being in an unbiased state.

[0070] Referring now to FIGS. 6-13, the first insertion plate 340 may comprise a first contact section 343 and a first entry section 345. The first contact section 343 may extend from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310 - at the upper end 313 of the face plate 310 - to a distal end 344 of the first contact section 343. The first entry section 345 may extend from the distal end 344 of the first contact section 343 to a first distal end 346 of the first entry section 345. The first entry section 345 may extend downward from the distal end 344 of the first contact section 343 at an inclined orientation toward the first distal end 346 of the first entry section 345.

[0071] The first entry section 345 may extend downward from the distal end 344 of the first contact section 343 at an inclined orientation such that a third angle 0 3 is formed between the first contact section 343 and the first entry section 345 on the inner surface 342 of the first insertion plate 340.

[0072] The second insertion plate 350 may comprise a second contact section 353 and a second entry section 355. The second contact section 353 may extend from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310 - at the lower end 314 of the face plate 310 - to a distal end 354 of the second contact section 353. The second entry section 355 may extend from the distal end 354 of the second contact section 353 to a second distal end 356 of the second entry section 355. The second entry section 355 may extend upward from the distal end 354 of the second contact section 353 at an inclined orientation toward the first distal end 356 of the second entry section 355.

[0073] The section entry section 355 may extend upward from the distal end 354 of the second contact section 353 at an inclined orientation such that a fourth angle 0 4 is formed between the second contact section 353 and the second entry section 355 on the inner surface 342 of the first insertion plate 340. The third and fourth angles 0 3 0 4 may be less than 180°. The third and fourth angles 0 3 0 4 may be selected such that the distance between first distal end 346 of the first entry section 345 and the second distal end 356 of the second entry section 355 is less than the distance between the top inner surface 223 and the bottom inner surface 224 of the panel body 200 when the end cap 300 is in an unbiased state. The first and second angles 0i 0 2 may be selected such that the distance between first distal end 344 of the first contact section 343 and the second distal end 354 of the second contact section 353 is greater than the distance between the top inner surface 223 and the bottom inner surface 224 of the panel body 200 when the end cap 300 is in an unbiased state.

[0074] The concealment portion 370 of the end cap 300 may comprise a first concealment plate 380 extending from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310. The first concealment plate 380 may extend from the first side 315 of the face plate 310. The concealment portion 370 of the end cap 300 may comprise a second concealment plate 390 extending from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310. The second concealment plate 390 may extend from the second side 316 of the face plate 310. The first concealment plate 370 may be opposite the second concealment plate 380. The first concealment plate 370 may be generally opposite the second concealment plate 380 across the X-Y plane.

[0075] The first concealment plate 380 may comprise a first middle section 381, a first lower section 382, and a first upper section 383. The first middle section 381 may have an inner surface 384 that is opposite an outer surface 385. The first middle section 381 may extend from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310 at the first side 315 of the face plate 310. The inner surface 384 of the first middle section 381 may be coplanar with the X-Y plane.

[0076] The first lower section 382 may be adjacent to the lower end 314 of the face plate 310. The first lower section 382 may extend inwardly from the inner surface 384 of the middle section 381 and below the second insertion plate 350. The first lower section 382 may extend from the middle section 381 and terminate at a distal end 386 of the first lower section 382. The first lower section 382 may comprise an upper surface 382a that is opposite a lower surface 382b.

[0077] The first upper section 383 may be adjacent to the upper end 313 of the face plate 310. The first upper section 383 may extend inwardly from the inner surface 384 of the middle section 381 and above the first insertion plate 340. The first upper section 383 may extend from the middle section 381 and terminate at a distal end 387 of the first upper section 383. The first upper section 383 may comprise an upper surface 383a that is opposite a lower surface 383b.

[0078] The lower surface 383b of the first upper section 383 may face the outer surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340. The upper surface 382a of the first lower section 382 may face the outer surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350. A first gap may exist between the lower surface 383b of the first upper section 383 and the outer surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340 (i.e., the first gap may exist between the lower surface 383b of the first upper section 383 and the upper surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340). A second gap may exist between the upper surface 382a of the first lower section 382 and the outer surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350 (i.e., the second gap may exist between the upper surface 382a of the first lower section 382 and the lower surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350).

[0079] The first concealment plate 380 may wrap around a first side portion 275 of the first side edge 271 of the panel body 200. The first side portion 275 of the first side edge 271 may independently comprise a portion of the front wall 205, a portion of the bottom wall 207, and/or a portion of the top wall 208.

[0080] The second concealment plate 390 may comprise a second middle section 391, a second lower section 392, and a second upper section 393. The second middle section 391 may have an inner surface 394 that is opposite an outer surface 395. The second middle section 391 may extend from the inner surface 311 of the face plate 310 at the second side 316 of the face plate 310. The inner surface 394 of the second middle section 391 may be coplanar with the X-Y plane.

[0081] The second lower section 392 may be adjacent to the lower end 314 of the face plate 310. The second lower section 392 may extend inwardly from the inner surface 394 of the second middle section 391 and below the second insertion plate 350. The second lower section 392 may extend from the second middle section 391 and terminate at a distal end 396 of the second lower section 392. The second lower section 392 may comprise an upper surface 392a that is opposite a lower surface 392b.

[0082] The second upper section 393 may be adjacent to the upper end 313 of the face plate 310. The second upper section 393 may extend inwardly from the inner surface 394 of the second middle section 391 and above the first insertion plate 340. The second upper section 393 may extend from the second middle section 391 and terminate at a distal end 397 of the second upper section 393. The second upper section 393 may comprise an upper surface 393a that is opposite a lower surface 393b.

[0083] The lower surface 393b of the second upper section 393 may face the outer surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340. The upper surface 392a of the second lower section 392 may face the outer surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350. A third gap may exist between the lower surface 393b of the second upper section 393 and the outer surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340 (i.e., the first gap may exist between the lower surface 393b of the second upper section 393 and the upper surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340). A fourth gap may exist between the upper surface 392a of the second lower section 392 and the outer surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350 (i.e., the second gap may exist between the upper surface 392a of the second lower section 392 and the lower surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350). [0084] The distal end 386 of the first lower section 382 may abut the distal end 396 of the second lower section 392. The distal end 387 of the first upper section 383 may not abut the distal end 397 of the second upper section 393.

[0085] The end cap 300 may be formed from metal, plastic, or combinations thereof. In one embodiment, the end cap 300 may be formed from a single sheet of metal that is bent into the shape of the end cap 300.

[0086] The end cap 300 may be coupled to the panel body 200. Specifically, a first end cap 300 may be coupled to the panel body 200 so that the insertion portion 330 extends into the internal cavity 260 of the panel body 200. This includes the first insertion plate 340 and the second insertion plate 350 extending into the internal cavity 260 of the panel body.

[0087] The end cap 300 may be coupled to the panel body 200 such that the concealment portion 370 wraps around at least a portion of the first side edge 271 of the panel body 200 and is adjacent to the outer surface 201 of the panel body 200. This includes at least one of the first concealment plate 380 and/or second concealment plate 390 being adjacent to the outer surface 201 of the panel body 200. Specifically, the first concealment plate 380 may wrap around a first side portion 275 of the first side edge 271 of the panel body 200. The first side portion 275 of the first side edge 271 may independently comprise a portion of the front wall 205, a portion of the bottom wall 207, and/or a portion of the top wall 208. The second concealment plate 390 may wrap around a second side portion 276 of the first side edge 271 of the panel body 200. The second side portion 276 of the first side edge 271 may independently comprise a portion of the rear wall 206, a portion of the bottom wall 207, and/or a portion of the top wall 208.

[0088] The end cap 300 may be coupled to the panel body 200 such that the face plate 310 encloses one of the first or second open ends 270, 280 of the internal cavity 260 of the panel body 200.

[0089] The first side portion 275 and the second side portion 276 of the first side edge 271 may exist on both the factory- supplied panel body 200a as well as the non-factory supplied panel body 200b.

[0090] During coupling of the end cap 300 to the panel body 200, the first and second entry sections 345, 355 pass the first side edge 271 (or the second side edge 281, depending on which side is being capped off) and enter the internal cavity 260. The distal ends 346, 356 of the first and second entry sections 345, 355 are separated by a distance that is less than the distance between the top inner surface 223 and the bottom inner surface 224 of the panel body 200 - allowing both the first and second insertion plates 340, 350 to move into the internal cavity 260 without being blocked by any surface on the panel body 200.

[0091] As the insertion portion 300 continues to move into the internal cavity 260, the top inner surface 223 of the panel body 200 eventually contacts the first insertion plate 340 at a first contact point. The first contact point may exist on the first entry section 345. As the insertion portion 300 continues to move into the internal cavity 260, the bottom inner surface 224 of the panel body 200 eventually contacts the second insertion plate 350 at a second contact point. The second contact point may exist on the second entry section 355.

[0092] As the end cap 200 moves into the internal cavity 260, the first insertion plate 340 and the second insertion plate 350 are biased towards each other. Specifically, the first contact between the top inner surface 223 of the panel body 200 and the outer surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340 may bias the first insertion plate 340 downward toward X-Z plane. The second contact between the bottom inner surface 224 of the panel body 200 and the outer surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350 may bias the second insertion plate 350 upward toward X-Z plane. Additionally, the first contact between the top inner surface 223 of the panel body 200 and the outer surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340, and the second contact between the bottom inner surface 224 of the panel body 200 and the outer surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350 biases the first insertion plate 340 and the second insertion plate 350 toward each other and toward the X-Z plane.

[0093] The first and second contact created between the panel body 200 and the end cap 300 creates a frictional fit between the insertion portion 300 and the inner surface 202 of the panel body 200. Specifically, the first contact created between the top inner surface 223 of the panel body 200 and the outer surface 341 of the first insertion plate 340 creates a frictional fit between the insertion portion 300 and the inner surface 202 of the panel body 200. The second contact created between the bottom inner surface 224 of the panel body 200 and the outer surface 351 of the second insertion plate 350 creates a frictional fit between the insertion portion 300 and the inner surface 202 of the panel body 200.

[0094] Once coupled to the panel, the concealment portion 370 of the end cap 200 wraps around at least a portion of the first side edge 271 of the panel body 200 and is adjacent to the outer surface 201 of the panel body 200. [0095] The inner surface 384 of the first middle section 381 of the first concealment plate 380 may face the front wall 205 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. The inner surface 384 of the first middle section 381 of the first concealment plate 380 may face the first major surface 211 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. The inner surface 394 of the second middle section 391 of the second concealment plate 390 may face the rear wall 206 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. The inner surface 394 of the second middle section 391 of the second concealment plate 390 may face the second major surface 212 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271.

[0096] The lower surface 383b of the first upper section 383 of the first concealment plate 380 may face the top wall 208 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. The lower surface 383b of the first upper section 383 of the first concealment plate 380 may face the top outer surface 213 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. The lower surface 393b of the second upper section 393 of the second concealment plate 390 may face the top wall 208 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. The lower surface 393b of the second upper section 393 of the second concealment plate 390 may face the top outer surface 213 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271.

[0097] The upper surface 382a of the first lower section 382 of the first concealment plate 380 may face the bottom wall 207 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. The upper surface 382a of the first lower section 382 of the first concealment plate 380 may face the bottom outer surface 214 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. The upper surface 392a of the second lower section 392 of the second concealment plate 390 may face bottom wall 207 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. The upper surface 392a of the second lower section 392 of the second concealment plate 390 may face the bottom outer surface 214 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271.

[0098] When the end cap 300 is coupled to the building panel 200, a portion of the panel body 200 adjacent the first side edge 271 is located between the insertion portion 330 of the end cap 300 and the concealment portion 370 of the end cap 300. A portion of the panel body 200 may be located between the lower surface 383b of the first upper section 383 of the first concealment plate 380 and the top outer surface 213 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. A portion of the panel body may be located between the lower surface 393b of the second upper section 393 of the second concealment plate 390 and face the top outer surface 213 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. A portion of the panel body 200 may be located between the upper surface 382a of the first lower section 382 of the first concealment plate 380 and the bottom outer surface 214 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271. A portion of the panel body 200 may be located between the upper surface 392a of the second lower section 392 of the second concealment plate 390 and the bottom outer surface 214 of the panel body 200 that is immediately adjacent to the first side edge 271.

[0099] It should be understood that the foregoing discussion also applies to a second end cap 300 being coupled to the second side edge 281. Therefore, the present invention may include a panel assembly 100 comprising a first and second end cap 300 attached to the first side edge 271 and the second side edge 281, respectively.

[0100] Referring now to Figures 19 and 20, the present invention further includes a method of forming a panel assembly 100 - including both factory- supplied panel assemblies lOOa, and custom panel assemblies lOOb - as well as installing the panel assembly within a ceiling system 1. The method includes first providing at least one end cap 300 and a first panel body 200a. The first panel body 200a may be a factory-supplied panel body that extends along a longitudinal axis A-A from a first side edge 271 to an opposite second side edge 281. Both the first side edge 271 and the second side edge 281 may be factory supplied side edges. For instance, the first side edge 271 of the factory-supplied body 200a may be a first factory- supplied side edge 272 and the second side edge 281 of the factory- supplied body 200a may be a second factory- supplied side edge 282. The factory supplied panel body 200a has a first length as measured from the first and second factory supplied edges 272, 282.

[0101] During customization, a cut may be formed at cut point Xi on the factory- supplied panel body 200a, whereby the cut point Xi is located along the longitudinal axis A-A at a point between the first factory- supplied side edge 272 and the second factory- supplied side edge 282. The cut at the cut point Xi may be formed by any suitable tool - including tools suitable for in the field installation, such as table saw, hacksaw, chop saw, and the like. The cut at cut point XI may extend transverse to the longitudinal axis A-A. The cut at cut point Xi may extend through the entirety of the first wall 205, the second wall 206, the bottom portion 206, the top portion 207, as well as the mounting portion 250 of the panel body 100. Stated otherwise, the cut at cut point XI may completely separate a cut portion from the remainder of the non-factory- supplied body 200b.

[0102] After removing the cut portion from the non-factory supplied body 200b, the first factory side edge 272 is replaced with the first non-factory supplied side edge 273 as the first side edge 271 of the panel body 200b. Stated otherwise, after cutting, the custom-cut panel body 200b may comprise the second factory supplied edge 282 and the first non-factory supplied side edge 273. The non-factory supplied panel body 200b has a second length as measured from the first non-factory supplied side edge 273 to the second factory supplied edge 282. The second length is less than the first length.

[0103] Although not pictured, the second factory-supplied side edge 282 may also be removed at a separate cut point (not pictured), whereby the second factory side edge 282 is replaced with the second non-factory supplied side edge as the second side edge 281 of the panel body 200b.

[0104] Referring now to Figures 2 and 3, the end cap 300 may then be attached to the shortened panel body 200 (i.e., the custom cut panel body 200b) the end cap conceals at least a portion of the non-factory side edge 273 - as previously discussed. The panel assembly lOOb may then be mounted to a support structure 51 of an overhead support grid 50 by the attachment hardware 80.

[0105] In some embodiments, the present invention may include a kit comprising at least one panel body 200 and at least one end cap 300. The kit may comprise a plurality of panel bodies 200 and a plurality of end caps 300. In some embodiments, the kit may comprise a panel body 200 having at least one factory applied end cap that is attached to at least one side edge of the panel body, whereby the other respective side edge does not have a factory applied end cap attached thereto. The factory applied end cap may be the same or different than the end cap 300 of the present invention. The factory applied end cap may be coupled to the panel body 300 by fastener and/or adhesive. Thus, the resulting panel body 100 may have one factory applied end cap that is coupled to the panel body 200 by fastener and/or adhesive and one end cap 300 that is coupled to the panel body 200 by frictional fit.

[0106] Referring to FIGS. 22-25, a panel assembly 1100 is illustrated in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention. The panel assembly 1100 is similar to the panel assembly 100 except as described herein below. The description of the panel assembly 100 above generally applies to the panel assembly 1100 described below except with regard to the differences specifically noted below. A similar numbering scheme will be used for the panel assembly 1100 as with the panel assembly 1100 except that the lOOO-series of numbers will be used.

[0107] The panel assembly 1100 of this embodiment comprises an insertion portion 1300 including a first insertion plate 1340 and a second insertion plate 1350. The first insertion plate 1340 may extend from the inner surface of the face plate 1310 at the upper end at a first angle 0 1001 · The second insertion plate 1350 may extend from the inner surface of the face plate 1310 at the lower end at a second angle 0ioo2·

[0108] The first angle 0iooi may be a right angle - i.e., 90°. In some embodiments, the first angle 0iooi may be less than 90°. The second angle 0ioo 2 may be a right angle - i.e., 90°. In some embodiments, the second angle 0ioo 2 may be less than 90°.

[0109] The first insertion plate 1340 and second insertion plate 1350 may each independently comprises a tab 1360. The tab 1360 may extend upward from the outer surface of the first insertion plate 1340 at a third angle 0ioo 3 · The tab 1360 may extend upward from the outer surface of the second insertion plate 1340 at a fourth angle 0ioo 3 · The third and fourth angles 0ioo 3 , 0ioo 4 may be selected such that a distal end of the tab 1360 contacts at least one of the top inner surface 1223 and/or the bottom inner surface 1224 when the end cap 1300 is coupled to the panel body 1200 -thereby creating a frictional fit between the end cap 1300 and the panel body 1200 even when the first and/or second insertion plates 1340, 1350 are oriented either coplanar or inward toward the Z-X plane in an unbiased state.

[0110] While the invention has been described with respect to specific examples including presently preferred modes of carrying out the invention, those skilled in the art will appreciate that there are numerous variations and permutations of the above described systems and techniques. It is to be understood that other embodiments may be utilized and structural and functional modifications may be made without departing from the scope of the present invention. Thus, the spirit and scope of the invention should be construed broadly as set forth in the appended claims.