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Title:
ENZYMATIC PROCESS FOR OBTAINING 17 ALPHA-MONOESTERS OF CORTEXOLONE AND/OR ITS 9,11-DEHYDRODERIVATIVES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2009/019138
Kind Code:
A2
Abstract:
The present invention refers to an enzymatic process for obtaining 17alpha-monoesters of cortexolone and/or its 9, 11-dehydroderivatives starting from the corresponding 17alpha, 21-diesters which comprises an enzymatic alcoholysis reaction. Furthermore, the present invention refers to crystalline forms of cortexolone 17alpha-propionate and 9,11-dehydro-cortexolone 17alpha-butanoate.

Inventors:
AJANI, Mauro (Via C. Colombo 1, Lainate, I-20020, IT)
MORO, Luigi (Via C. Colombo 1, Lainate, I-20020, IT)
Application Number:
EP2008/059702
Publication Date:
February 12, 2009
Filing Date:
July 24, 2008
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
COSMO SPA (Via C. Colombo 1, Lainate, I-20020, IT)
AJANI, Mauro (Via C. Colombo 1, Lainate, I-20020, IT)
MORO, Luigi (Via C. Colombo 1, Lainate, I-20020, IT)
International Classes:
C12P33/00; C07J5/00; A61K31/573; A61P5/28
Domestic Patent References:
WO2003014141A12003-02-20
Foreign References:
EP1421099A12004-05-26
US3152154A1964-10-06
Other References:
GARDI ET AL., GAZZ. CHIM. IT., vol. 63, 1963, pages 43 1
R. GARDI ET AL., TETRAHEDRON LETTERS, 1961, pages 448
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PISTOLESI, Roberto et al. (Via Marina 6, Milan, I-20121, IT)
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Claims:

CLAIMS 1. Process for preparing compounds of formula (I)

wherein R is a linear or branched aliphatic or aromatic chain containing 1 - 10 carbon atoms, characterised in that a compound of formula II

wherein R bears the same meaning as indicated above, is reacted with a compound of formula III

R'OH (III) wherein R' is a linear aliphatic chain containing 1 - 10 carbon atoms, in presence of a lipase from Candida.

2. Process according to claim 1 wherein R is a Ci -C 4 alkyl.

3. Process according to claim 1 wherein R is selected from among CH 3 , CH 3 CH 2 , CH 3 (CH 2 ) 2 or CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 .

4. Process according to claim 1 wherein R' is an aliphatic chain containing 1 - 8 carbon atoms.

5. Process according to claim 1 characterised in that it occurs in presence of an organic solvent, preferably aprotic.

6. Process according to claim 5 wherein said solvent is selected from among toluene, acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuran, dichloromethane and/or chloroform.

7. Process according to claim 1 wherein said compound of formula II is present at an amount in the range of about 0.01 to 0.15 molar.

8. Process according to claim 7 wherein said compound of formula II is present at an amount of 0.025 molar.

9. Process according to claim 1 wherein said compound of formula III is selected from among methanol, ethanol, butanol and/or octanol.

10. Process according to claim 1 wherein said compound of formula III is present at an amount varying from about 0.5 to about 50 moles per mole of initial substrate.

11. Process according to claim 1 wherein said compound of formula III is present at an amount 5 moles per mole of substrate.

12. Process according to claim 1 wherein said lipase from Candida is selected between CCL and CALB.

13. Process according to claim 1 wherein said lipase from Candida is present at an amount varying from about 100 to 1,000,000 U/mrnol.

14. Process according to claim 13 wherein said lipase from Candida is present at an amount ranging from about 1,000 to 1,000.000 U/mmol in case of CCL, and ranges from about 100 to 100,000 U/mmol in case of CALB.

15. Process according to claim 1 characterised in that it comprises a further step of crystallisation from an organic solvent.

16. Process according to claim 15 wherein said crystallisation solvent is selected from among diisopropylether, terbutylmethylether, dichloromethane, hexane, acetone, ethanol, ethyl acetate, water or their mixture.

17. Process according to one of the preceding claims characterised in that the reaction temperature is in the range of 10 to 48°C, preferably in the range of 20 to 32°C.

18. Crystalline form I of cortexolone-17α-proprionate characterised by a

DRX as represented in Figure 1 and/or a DSC as represented in Figure 2 and/or an IR as represented in Figure 3.

19. Crystalline form II of cortexolone-17α-proprionate characterised by a DRX as represented in Figure 4 and/or a DSC as represented in Figure 5 and/or an IR as represented in Figure 6.

20. Crystalline form III of cortexolone-17α-propionate characterised by a DRX as represented in Figure 7, 10 or 13 and/or a DSC as represented in Figure 8, 11 or 14 and/or an IR as represented in Figure 9, 12 or 15.

21. Crystalline solvate form IV of cortexolone-17α-propionate characterised by a DRX as represented in Fig. 28 and/or an IR as represented in Figure 29.

22. Crystalline form I of the 9,l l-dehydro-cortexolone-17α-butanoate characterised by a DRX as represented in Figures 16, 19, 22 or 25 and/or a DSC as represented in Figure 17, 20, 23 or 26 and/or an IR as represented in Figures 18, 21, 24 or 27.

23. Pharmaceutical composition containing at least one of the crystalline forms according to claims 18-22 in association with at least one physiologically acceptable excipient.

24. Pharmaceutical composition according to claim 23 in solid, semisolid, pasty or liquid form.

25. Composition according to claim 24 in form of a tablet, capsule, powder, pellet, suspension, emulsion, solution, cream, gel, ointment, lotion or paste.

26. Crystalline form according to any one of claims 18-22 for treating pathologies affecting the urogenital system, the endocrine system, the skin and/or the cutaneous appendages.

27. Crystalline form according to claim 26 for treating acne, seborrhoeic dermatitis, androgenetic alopecia, hirsutism, benign prostatic hyperplasia, forms of prostate cancer, male contraception, polycystic ovary syndrome, syndrome of precocious puberty and control of aggressive or aberrant sexual behaviours.

Description:

TITLE

Enzymatic process for obtaining 17 alpha-monoesters of cortexolone and/or its 9,11-dehydroderivatives.

DESCRIPTION

Cortexolone derivatives in which the hydroxyl group at position C-17α is esterified with short chain aliphatic or aromatic acids , and the derivatives of the corresponding 9,11-dehydro derivative, are known to have an antiandrogenic effect.

EP 1421099 describes cortexolone 17α-propionate and 9,11-dehydro-cortexolone-

17-α-butanoate regarding a high antiandrogenic biological activity demonstrated both "in vitro" and "in vivo" on the animal.

A method for obtaining the above mentioned derivatives is described by Gardi et al. (Gazz. Chim. It. 63, 43 1,1963) and in the United States patent US3152154 providing for the transformation of cortexolone, or transformation of 9,11- dehydrocortexolone, in the intermediate orthoester using orthoesters available in the market as a mixture of aprotic solvents such as cyclohexane and DMF, in presence of acid catalysis (ex. PTSA.H 2 0). The intermediate orthoester thus obtained can be used as is or upon purification by suspension in a solvent capable of solubilising impurities, preferably in alcohols. The subsequent hydrolysis in a hydroalcoholic solution, buffered to pH 4-5 preferably in acetate buffer, provides the desired monoester.

Such synthesis is indicated in the diagram 1 below

Diagram 1

fv 1 CH 3, CH 3CH 2, CH 3CH 2CH 2, CH 3CH 2CH 2CH 2 R=CH 31 CH 3 CH 2

However, the monoesters thus obtained were, in the reaction conditions, unstable and, consequently hard to manipulate and isolate (R. Gardi et al Tetrahedron

Letters, 448, 1961). The instability is above all due to the secondary reaction of migration of the esterifying acyl group from position 17 to position 21.

It is thus known that in order to obtain the above mentioned monoesters with a chemical purity in such a manner to be able to proceed to the biological tests, it is necessary to use, at the end of the synthesis, a purification process which is generally performed by means of column chromatography.

Furthermore, US3152154 describes how the hydrolysis of the diester in a basic environment is not convenient due to the formation of a mixture of 17α,21-diol, of

17- and 21 -monoesters, alongside the initial non-reacted product.

Now, it has been surprisingly discovered that an alcoho lysis reaction using a lipase from Candida as a biocatalyst can be usefully applied during the preparation of 17α monoesters of cortexolone, or its 9,11-dehydroderivatives.

As a matter of fact, it has been discovered that such enzymatic alcoho lysis of the

17,21 -diester of the cortexolone, or of its derivative 9,11-dehydro, selectively occurs in position 21 moving to the corresponding monoester in position 17, as shown in diagram 2 below:

Diagram 2

ϋpasi ROCOR

The chemoselectivity of the special enzymatic reaction in alcoho lysis conditions, according to the present invention, opens new perspectives for preparation, at industrial level with higher yields, of 17α-monoesters with respect to the methods already indicated in literature.

The diesters serving as a substrate for the reaction of the invention can be prepared according to the prior art, for example following the one described in

B.Turner, (Journal of American Chemical Society, 75, 3489, 1953) which provides for the esterifϊcation of corticosteroids with a linear carboxylic acid in presence of its anhydride and PTSA monohydrate.

Therefore, an object of the present invention is a process for the preparation of 17 α monoesters of cortexolone, and its 9,11-dehydroderivatives, of formula I

wherein R is a linear or branched aliphatic or aromatic chain containing 1 to 10 carbon atoms, characterised in that a compound of formula II

wherein R bears the same meaning indicated above, is reacted with a compound having the formula R'OH, wherein R' is a linear chain containing 1 to 10 carbon atoms, preferably a Ci-Cs alkyl , in presence of a lipase from Candida. According to the present invention R is preferably a Ci -C 4 alkyl , even more preferably it is selected from among CH 3 , CH 3 CH 2 , CH 3 (CH 2 )2 or CH 3 (CH 2 ) 3 .

The dashed symbol in position 9,11 inside the abovementioned formulas I and II means that the double bond can be present (9,11-dehydroderivative) or not present in such position, as shown in the formulas indicated hereinafter

The lipase from Candida used to catalyse the process of the present invention is preferably selected between the lipase from Candida cylindracea (CCL) and lipase from Candida antarctica of type B (CALB).

Lipase from Candida, and in particular the ones from Candida cylindracea and

Candida antarctica are proved to be capable of selectively hydro lysing the ester function in position 21, contrary to the porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL) and to one from Pseudomonas fluorescens (PFL), which are proved to be almost inactive.

The amount of said enzyme, calculated with respect to the initial substrate, may vary depending on the type of enzyme used. In particular, said enzyme is preferably used in an amount in the range of 100 to 1,000,000 U/mmol; more preferably in the range of 1,000 to 1,000,000 U/mmol in case of CCL and in the range of 100 to 100,000 U/mmol in case of CALB. Even more preferably, said enzyme is present at an amount of about 60,000 U/mmol in case of CCL and about 5,000 U/mmol in case CALB.

Furthermore, from an economical/industrial point of view, the possibility to reutilise such enzymes in several cycles without losing the catalytic activity was proved.

The concentration of the initial diesters of formula II is preferably in the range of about 0.01 to 0.15 molar, more preferably about 0.025 molar.

The process of the invention preferably occurs in the presence of an organic solvent, more preferably an aprotic organic solvent.

Said solvent is then preferably selected from among toluene, acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuran, dichloromethane and/or chloroform.

The R'OH alcohol according to the invention is preferably selected from among methanol, ethanol, butanol and/or octanol.

Said alcohol is preferably present at a quantity in the range of about 0.5 to about

50 moles per mole of initial substrate, more preferably 5 moles per mole of substrate.

The process according to the present invention preferably occurs under constant stirring until the initial diester of formula II is dissolved. Subsequently the enzyme used is removed for filtration, preferably filtration on Celite and the monoester of formula I is obtained through evaporation of the solvent under low pressure.

When the compound of formula II is a 17α,21-diester of cortexolone, the reaction time of the process is usually in the range of 20 to 150 hours, preferably in the range of 24 to 72 hours and the reaction temperature is preferably in the range of about 10 to 48°C, more preferably in the range of 20 to 32°C.

Table 1 below summarises the reaction conditions and the results of the enzymatic alcoho lysis according to the present invention.

TABLE 1

Enzymatic alcoholysis reaction of 17a,21-diesters of cortexolone to produce the corresponding 17a -monoester

*the conversion percentages were evaluated from the 1 H-NMR spectra from the integrations of signals due to the hydrogens in position 21 of the corresponding diesters and monoesters.

The enzymatic method according to the present invention also proved useful not only for converting 17α-

21 -diesters of cortexolone or of 9,11-dehydro-cortexolone: in particular the 17α- butanoate of 9,11-dehydrocortexolone was obtained starting from the corresponding dibutanoate preferably using the CCL enzyme and methanol as an

acceptor alcohol of the acyl group.

The concentration of the initial 9,11-dehydro derivatives is preferably in the range of 0.01 to 0.15 molar, more preferably 0.025 molar.

In this case, the reaction time is preferably in the range of 45 to 55 hours, preferably 53 hours.

Also in this case the reaction temperature is preferably in the range of 10 to 48°C, more preferably in the range of 20 to 32°C.

Table 2 below shows the reaction conditions of the enzymatic alcoholysis of

17α,21-dibutanoate of 9,11 -dehydrocortexo lone and the related final yield of the respective monoester.

TABLE 2

Enzymatic alcoholysis reaction of 17a,21-diesters of 9,11-dehydro-cortexolone to produce the corresponding 17a -monoester.

*the conversion percentages were evaluated from the H-NMR spectra from the integrations of signals due to the hydrogens in position 21 of the corresponding diesters and monoesters.

Furthermore, the process according to the present invention may optionally comprise a final step of crystallisation from an organic solvent, water, buffered aqueous solutions and/or or their mixture.

The organic solvent of said step of crystallisation is preferably selected from among diisopropylether, terbutylmethylether, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, hexane, acetone, ethanol, water or their mixture at any proportion.

Thus, further object of the present invention are crystalline forms of 17α- monoesters of cortexolone, and their corresponding 9,11-dehydro derivatives.

In particular, an object of the present invention are the crystalline forms of

cortexolone 17α-propionate and of 9,11 -cortexo lone- 17α-butanoate.

The crystalline form I of 17α-propionate is preferably obtained through crystallisation from tert-butylmethylether. The concentration of 17α-propionate in said solvent is in the range of 0.9 to 1.1 g in 9-11 ml of tert-butylmethylether preferably Ig in 10 ml. Said crystalline form I is characterised by a melting point in the range of about 133 to 135°C and/or a DRX as in Fig. 1 and/or a DSC as shown in Fig. 2 and/or an IR as shown in Fig. 3.

The crystalline form II of 17α-propionate is preferably obtained through crystallisation from diisopropylether. The concentration in said solvent is preferably in the range of 0.9 to 1.1 g in 54-66 ml of diisopropylether.

Said crystalline form II is characterised by a melting point in the range of about

114 to 116°C and/or a DRX as in Fig. 4 and/or a DSC as shown in Fig. 5 and/or an IR as shown in Fig. 6.

The crystalline form III of 17α-propionate is preferably obtained through crystallisation from a mixture of dichloromethane/n-hexane preferably in a ratio of about 1/30, acetone/n-hexane preferably in a ratio of about 1/8, or ethano I/water mixture preferably in a ratio of about 1/2.

The melting point of said crystalline forms III could not be determined.

The crystalline form III obtained from dichloromethane/n-hexane has a DRX as shown in Fig. 7 and/or a DSC as shown in Fig. 8 and/or an IR as shown in Fig. 9.

The crystalline form III obtained from acetone/n-hexane has a DRX as shown in

Fig. 10 and/or a DSC as shown in Fig. 11 and/or an IR as shown in Fig. 12.

The crystalline form III obtained from ethanol/water has a DRX as shown in Fig.

13 and/or a DSC as shown in Fig. 14 and/or an IR as shown in Fig. 15.

The crystalline form I of 9,1 l-dehydro-17α-cortexo lone is preferably obtained from tert-butylmethylether, diisopropylether, a dichloromethane/n-hexane mixture preferably in a ratio of 1/15 , or an acetone/n-hexane mixture preferably in a ratio of 1/5.

The crystalline form I obtained from tert-butylmethylether has a DRX as shown in

Fig. 16 and/or a DSC as shown in Fig. 17 and/or an IR as shown in Fig. 18.

The crystalline form I obtained from diisopropylether has a DRX as shown in Fig.

19 and/or a DSC as shown in Fig. 20 and/or an IR as shown in Fig. 21.

The crystalline form I obtained from dichloromethane/n-hexane has a DRX as shown in Fig. 22 and/or a DSC as shown in Fig. 23 and/or an IR as shown in Fig.

24.

The crystalline form I obtained from acetone/n-hexane has a DRX as shown in

Fig. 25 and/or a DSC as shown in Fig. 26 and/or an IR as shown in Fig. 27.

The differences observable in the DRX diagrams regarding the form III of 17α- propionate and regarding the form I of 9,11-dehydro derivative are to be deemed irrelevant in that they are due to the phenomena of crystal disorientation.

Likewise, the differences observed in IR and DSC are to be deemed irrelevant in that they are due to variations when preparing the sample and/or when performing the analysis.

Table 3 shows some identification parameters and conditions for obtaining the abovementioned crystalline forms.

TABLE 3

TABLE 3

The existence of a pseudo polymorph crystalline form of 17α-propionate, characterised by the presence of a crystallization water molecule and defined as solvate form IV was determined.

The solvate crystalline form IV of 17α-propionate is preferably obtained through crystallisation from an organic/water solvent mixture in a ratio generally in the range of 1/2 to 2/1, preferably from propylene glycol/water in a ratio of 1/1 or poly ethylengly co I/water in a ratio of 1/1.

The solvate crystalline form IV obtained from propylene glycol/water 1/1 has a

DRX as shown in Fig. 28 and/or an IR as shown in Fig. 29.

The crystallisation of 17α-propionate in solvate form may occur during the formulation processes of the final pharmaceutical form, where the manufacturing process of the pharmaceutical form provides for the dissolution of the active ingredient in an organic solvent, such as for example, propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol or short-chained aliphatic alcohols, followed by the addition of water in a ratio of 1/3 to 3/1 with respect to the organic solvents used for the dissolution of the active ingredient.

Furthermore, an object of the present invention is a pharmaceutical composition containing at least one of the crystalline forms described above in association with at least one physiologically acceptable excipient.

The compositions of the present invention can be of solid, semi- so lid, pasty or liquid form and they are preferably selected from among tablets, capsules, powders, pellets, suspensions, emulsions, solutions, creams, gel, ointment, lotions or pastes both ready to use or to be reconstituted before use.

Lastly, object of the present invention is the use, preferably for human beings, of at least one of the crystalline forms and/or solvates described above for the preparation of a medication for treating pathologies affecting the urogenital system, the endocrine system, the skin and/or the cutaneous appendages. In particular, an object of the present invention is the use of a liquid or semi-liquid formulation for topical administration, such as for example, cream, gel, ointment, emulsion or dispersion containing cortexolone-17α-propionate in the range of 0.1 to 2% by weight, preferably in the range of 0.2 to 1%, in a crystalline form selected from among solvate forms I, II, III or IV, preferably in solvate form IV, both in solution and crystalline dispersion states, the latter being possibly obtained also in an extemporaneous manner by precipitation of the crystalline active ingredient upon addition of water or aqueous solution to a solution containing the same active ingredient in an organic solvent or a mixture of organic solvents, for the preparation of a medication for treating pathologies affecting the urogenital system, the endocrine system, the skin and/or or skin appendages. Additionally, an object of the present invention is the use of a liquid or solid formulation for oral or systemic administration, such as for example, a tablet, capsule, granule or powder containing 9,l l-dehydro-cortexolone-17α-butanoate

in the dosage in the range of 4 to 65% by weight, preferably in the range of 5 to 50%, with respect to the total formulation when said total formulation has a final weight of 200 mg or in the range of 1 to 25% by weight, preferably in the range of 2 to 20%, when the total formulation has a final weight of 500 mg in a crystalline form selected between solvate forms I, or IV, for treating pathologies affecting the urogenital system, the endocrine system, the skin and/or or skin appendages. Said pathologies according to the invention are preferably selected from among acne, seborrhoeic dermatitis, androgenetic alopecia, hirsutism, benign prostatic hyperplasia, forms of prostate cancer, male contraception, polycystic ovary syndrome, control of aggressive or aberrant sexual behaviours and syndrome of precocious puberty .

The following examples are included to enhance the understanding of the present invention without restricting it in any way whatsoever. EXAMPLES Example 1

Alcoho lysis with CCL of cortexolone 17α, 21-dipropionate

Add butanol (0.4g, 5.45 mmoles) and CCL (17.4g, 3.86 U/mg, FLUKA) to a solution of cortexolone- 17α,21-dipropionate (0.5g, 1.09 mmoles) in toluene (50ml). Maintain the mixture under stirring, at 30 0 C, following the progress of the reaction in TLC (Toluene/ethyl acetate 6/4) until the initial material is dissolved (24h). Remove the enzyme by means of filtration using a Celite layer. Recover the cortexolone 17α-propionate (0.437, 99%) after evaporation under low pressure. Through crystallisation, from diisopropyl ether you obtain a product with a purity >99% in HPLC.

1 H-NMR (500MHz, CDCl 3 ) relevant signals δ (ppm) 5.78 (br s, 1 H, H-4), 4.32 (dd, 1 H, H-21), 4.25 (dd, IH, H-21), 1.22 (s, 3H, CH 3 -19), 1.17 (t, 3H, CH 3 ), 0.72 (s, 3H 5 CH 3 -18). P.f. 114 0 C Example 2

According to the method described in example 1 prepare cortexolone- 17α- butanoate.

1 H-NMR relevant signals δ (ppm) 5.78 (br s, IH, H-4), 4.32 (dd, IH, H-21), 4.26 (dd, IH, H-21), 1.23 (s, 3H, CH 3 -19), 0.97 (t, 3H, CH 3 ), 0.73 (s, 3H, CH 3 -18). P.F.

134-136 0 C

Example 3

According to the method described in the example prepare cortexolone- 17α- valerate.

1 H-NMR relevant signals δ (ppm) 5.77 (br s, IH, H-4), 4.32 (dd, IH, H-21), 4.26

(dd, IH, H-21), 1.22 (s, 3H, CH 3 -19), 0.95 (t, 3H, CH 3 ), 0.72 (s, 3H, CH 3 -18). P.f.

114 0 C (diisopropyl ether).

Example 4

According to the method described in the example prepare 9,11-dehydro- cortexolone- 17α-butanoate.

1 H-NMR relevant signals δ (ppm) 5.77 (br s, IH, H-4), 5.54 (m, IH, H-9), 4.29

(dd, IH, H-21), 4.24 (dd, IH, H-21), 1.32 (s, 3H, CH 3 -19), 0.94(t, 3H, CH 3 ), 0.68

(s, 3H, CH 3 - 18). P.f. 135-136 0 C (acetone/hexane).

Example 5

Alcoho lysis with CALB of cortexolone- 17α, 21-dipropionate

Dissolve cortexolone, 17α, 2-dipropionate (0.5g, 1 .09 mmoles) in acetonitrile

(40ml), add CALB (2.3g, 2.5 U/mg Fluka) and octanol (0.875ml). Leave the mixture under stirring, at 30 0 C, for 76 hrs. Remove the enzyme by means of filtration using a paper filter. Once the solvents evaporate, recover a solid

(0.4758) which upon analysis 1 H-NMR shall appear made up of cortexolone- 17α- propionate at 91%.

Example 6

Crystallisation

Add the solvent (t-butylmethylether or diisopropylether) to the sample according to the ratios indicated in Table 3. Heat the mixture to the boiling temperature of the solvent, under stirring, until the sample dissolves completely. Cool to room temperature and leave it at this temperature, under stirring, for 6 hours. Filter using a buchner funnel and maintain the solid obtained, under low pressure, at a room temperature for 15 hours and then, at 40 0 C, for 5 hours.

Example 7

Precipitation

Disslove the sample in the suitable solvent (dichloromethane, acetone, ethyl acetate or ethanol) according to the ratios indicated in table 3 and then add the solvent, hexane or water, according to the ratios indicated in table 3, maintaining the mixture, under stirring, at room temperature. Recover the precipitate by filtration using a buchner funnel and desiccate as in example 6. Example 8.

Obtaining a pharmaceutical form containing the medication in a defined crystalline form.

Prepare a fluid cream containing 2 % cetylic alcohol, 16% glyceryl monostearate, 10% vaseline oil, 13 % propylene glycol, 10% poly ethylengly col with low polymerization 1.5% polysorbate 80 and 47.5 % purified water. Add 1 g of cortexolone 17α-propionate of crystalline form III to 100 g of this cream and subject the mixture to homogenisation by means of a turbine agitator until you obtain homogeneity. You obtain a cream containing a fraction of an active ingredient dissolved in the formulation vehicle and a non-dissolved fraction of an active ingredient, present as a crystal of crystalline form III. This preparation is suitable for use as a formulation vehicle for skin penetration tests on Franz cells, where a coefficient of penetration in the range of 0.04 to 0.03 cm/h is observed on the preparation. Example 9.

Obtaining the pharmaceutical form containing the medication in solvate form IV for replacing the solvent during the galenic formulation procedure Dissolve lOOg of cortexolone 17α-propionate of crystalline form III in 2500 g of propylene glycol under stirring at room temperature. Separately prepare, by using a turbo emulsifϊer raising the temperature up to about 70 0 C, an emulsion with 250 g of Cetylic alcohol, 1500 g of glyceryl monostearate, 1000 g of liquid paraffin, 5 g of mixed tocopherols, 100 g of polysorbate 80 and 4650 g of water. After cooling the emulsion up to about 30 0 C, add - under stirring and under negative pressure - the cortexolone 17α-propionate solution in propylene glycol. Maintain the emulsioned cream under stirring until you obtain homogeneity, making sure the temperature remains low by means the circulation of a coolant. The cream contains a dispersed crystalline fraction, made up of an active

ingredient in solvate crystalline form IV, formed due to the precipitation of the active ingredient itself from the glycolic solution which contained it when the latter was added to the predominantly aqueous formulation. The DRX spectra of the crystalline form present in the cream are indicated in Fig. 30.




 
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