Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
FACE TOOTH HYDRAULIC PISTON BRAKE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2012/012013
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A braking mechanism is provided for a hydraulic motor driven wheel utilizing a two-piece design of a hub that rotates by means of a drive shaft. A hydraulic chamber is created on the hub in which a piston resides. The piston is grounded (i.e., non-rotatable relative to the motor housing) in the sealed chamber. The piston face inside of the chamber has a radial set of face teeth. These face teeth are similar to the face teeth inside of the hydraulic chamber. When the chamber is pressurized, the piston face teeth are pushed away from the hub face teeth allowing the hub to freely rotate. When pressure is released from the chamber, a spring, or a number of springs, push the piston into the hub causing it to stop rotating relative to the piston.

Inventors:
FEUSSE, Craig (737 Elmwood Drive, Fenton, Michigan, 48430, US)
Application Number:
US2011/035471
Publication Date:
January 26, 2012
Filing Date:
May 06, 2011
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
WARN INDUSTRIES, INC. (13270 S.E. Pheasant Court, Milwaukie, Oregon, 97222, US)
FEUSSE, Craig (737 Elmwood Drive, Fenton, Michigan, 48430, US)
International Classes:
F16D55/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO1981002614A11981-09-17
Foreign References:
US5855115A1999-01-05
US6090006A2000-07-18
US5398776A1995-03-21
US3608679A1971-09-28
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MASSEY, Ryan W. et al. (Harness, Dickey & Pierce P.L.C.,P.O. Box 82, Bloomfield Hills Michigan, 48303, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1 . A brake assembly, comprising:

a motor including a drive member rotatable about an axis;

a hub attached to said drive member, said hub defining a piston chamber, a surface of said piston chamber including a first plurality of teeth;

a piston non-rotatably disposed in said piston chamber and having a second plurality of teeth that, in a braking mode, engage said first plurality of teeth;

a spring for biasing said piston axially toward said surface of said piston chamber for causing engagement of said second plurality of teeth with said first plurality of teeth; and

a supply of pressurized fluid connected to a chamber between said surface of said piston chamber and said piston for moving said piston away from said surface of said piston chamber to disengage said second plurality of teeth from said first plurality of teeth.

2. The brake assembly according to claim 1 , wherein said first plurality of teeth of said piston chamber extend radially outward and said surface faces in a direction axially parallel to said drive shaft.

3. The brake assembly according to claim 1 , further comprising a wheel mounted to said hub.

4. The brake assembly according to claim 1 , wherein said piston is axially supported by a plurality of guide pins extending generally parallel to said output shaft and said spring includes a plurality of springs each supported on said guide pins between said piston and a fixed structure. 5. The brake assembly according to claim 1 , wherein said piston includes an inner groove and an outer groove each receiving a seal therein for engagement with inner and outer walls, respectively of said piston chamber.

6. The brake assembly according to claim 1 , further comprising a supply of pressurized fluid connected to a chamber between said surface of said piston chamber and said piston.

7. A brake assembly, comprising:

a motor including a drive member rotatable about an axis;

a hub attached to said drive member and including a first plurality of face teeth on a surface thereof;

a piston and backing plate assembly non-rotatably fixed to a housing of said motor and defining a hydraulic chamber therebetween, said piston being axially movable relative to said backing plate and including a second plurality of face teeth that, in a braking mode, engage said first plurality of teeth;

a spring for biasing said piston axially toward said surface of said hub for causing engagement of said second plurality of teeth with said first plurality of teeth; and

a hydraulic fluid port disposed in communication with said hydraulic chamber for moving said piston away from said surface of said hub to disengage said second plurality of teeth from said first plurality of teeth.

8. The brake assembly according to claim 7, wherein said piston includes a first seal chamber on one axial side of said hydraulic chamber with a first seal disposed therein in sealing engagement with a surface of said backing plate and said backing plate includes a second seal chamber on an opposite axial side of said hydraulic chamber with a second seal disposed therein in sealing engagement with a surface of said piston.

9. The brake assembly according to claim 7, wherein said backing plate includes a flange portion mounted to said housing of said motor.

10. The brake assembly according to claim 7, wherein said piston and said backing plate each include a plurality of inter-engaging splines that relative axial movement and prohibit relative rotation between said piston and said backing plate.

1 1 . The brake assembly according to claim 10, wherein said plurality of inter-engaging splines are disposed in said hydraulic chamber.

12. The brake assembly according to claim 7, wherein said spring is disposed between said housing of said motor and said piston.

13. A brake assembly, comprising:

a motor including a drive member rotatable about an axis;

a hub attached to said drive member, said hub defining a piston chamber, a surface of said piston chamber including a first plurality of teeth;

a piston non-rotatably disposed in said piston chamber and having a second plurality of teeth that, in a braking mode, engage said first plurality of teeth;

a spring for biasing said piston axially toward said surface of said piston chamber for causing engagement of said second plurality of teeth with said first plurality of teeth; and

an actuator for moving said piston away from said surface of said piston chamber to disengage said second plurality of teeth from said first plurality of teeth.

14. The brake assembly according to claim 13, wherein said first plurality of teeth of said piston chamber extend radially outward and said surface faces in a direction axially parallel to said drive shaft. 15. The brake assembly according to claim 13, further comprising a wheel mounted to said hub.

16. The brake assembly according to claim 13, wherein said piston is axially supported by a plurality of guide pins extending generally parallel to said output shaft. 17. The brake assembly according to claim 16, wherein said spring includes a plurality of springs each supported on said guide pins between said piston and a fixed structure.

18. The brake assembly according to claim 13, where said actuator includes a cable engaged with said piston and operable to disengage said second plurality of teeth from said first plurality of teeth.

19. The brake assembly according to claim 13, wherein said actuator includes an electro-magnetic device engaged with said piston and operable to disengage said second plurality of teeth from said first plurality of teeth.

20. The brake assembly according to claim 13, wherein said actuator includes a cam and cam follower wherein one of said cam and cam follower is engaged with said piston and operable to disengage said second plurality of teeth from said first plurality of teeth.

21 . A brake assembly, comprising:

a motor including a drive member rotatable about an axis;

a hub attached to said drive member, said hub defining a piston chamber, a surface of said piston chamber including a first plurality of teeth;

a piston non-rotatably disposed in said piston chamber and having a second plurality of teeth that, in a braking mode, engage said first plurality of teeth;

a spring for biasing said piston axially away from said surface of said piston chamber for causing disengagement of said second plurality of teeth with said first plurality of teeth; and

an actuator for moving said piston toward said surface of said piston chamber to engage said second plurality of teeth with said first plurality of teeth. 22. The brake assembly according to claim 21 , wherein said actuator includes a cam and cam follower wherein one of said cam and cam follower is engaged with said piston, and operable to engage said second plurality of teeth with said first plurality of teeth.

Description:
FACE TOOTH HYDRAULIC PISTON BRAKE

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATIONS

[0001] This application claims priority to U.S. Utility Application No. 13/029,423, filed February 17, 201 1 , and the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application No. 61 /366,378, filed on July 21 , 2010, the disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference.

FIELD

[0002] The present disclosure relates to brakes for mechanical devices, and more particularly, to a face tooth piston brake.

BACKGROUND

[0003] This section provides background information related to the present disclosure which is not necessarily prior art.

[0004] Many types of devices require safety brakes that are automatically engaged upon de-actuation of the device and disengaged upon activation of the device. Exemplary technologies that can benefit from this type of device include lawn mowers, all-terrain vehicles, maintenance vehicles, winches, hoists, lifts, as well as other types of recreational and industrial machinery.

SUMMARY

[0005] This section provides a general summary of the disclosure, and is not a comprehensive disclosure of its full scope or all of its features.

[0006] According to the principles of the present disclosure, a brake assembly is provided including a drive member rotatable about an axis. A hub is attached to the drive member with the hub defining a piston chamber therein. A surface of the piston chamber includes a first plurality of face teeth. A piston is non-rotatably disposed within the piston chamber and has a second plurality of face teeth that, in a braking mode, engage the first plurality of teeth. A spring biases the piston axially toward the surface of the piston chamber for causing engagement of the first and second plurality of face teeth. A hydraulic chamber is defined between the piston and the piston chamber to allow the chamber to be supplied with hydraulic fluid for disengaging the face teeth to allow rotation of the hub along with the drive member. Alternative actuation devices can be provided for disengaging the face teeth to allow the drive member to drive the hub. Exemplary actuating devices can include a pneumatic system, a mechanical system, or an electro-mechanical system that can be operated to disengage the safety brake.

[0007] Further areas of applicability will become apparent from the description provided herein. The description and specific examples in this summary are intended for purposes of illustration only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.

DRAWINGS

[0008] The drawings described herein are for illustrative purposes only of selected embodiments and not all possible implementations, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.

[0009] Figure 1 is a perspective view of a hydraulic motor and wheel hub arrangement incorporating a parking brake, according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0010] Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view of the hydraulic motor and wheel hub parking brake system shown in Figure 1 ;

[0011] Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view illustrating the components of the parking brake assembly according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0012] Figure 4 is a further detailed cross-sectional view of the components of the park brake assembly according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0013] Figure 5 is a perspective view of the hub having face teeth thereon according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0014] Figure 6 is a plan view of the hub shown in Figure 5;

[0015] Figure 7 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 7-7 of Figure 6; [0016] Figure 8 is a perspective view of the piston having face teeth thereon according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0017] Figure 9 is a rear perspective view of the piston shown in Figure 8;

[0018] Figure 10 is a top plan view of the piston shown in Figure 8;

[0019] Figure 1 1 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 1 1 -1 1 of Figure 10;

[0020] Figure 12 is a cross-sectional view taken along line 12-12 of Figure 10;

[0021] Figure 13 is a rear plan view of the piston shown in Figure 8;

[0022] Figure 14 is a cross-sectional view of a hydraulic motor and hub brake system according to an alternative embodiment;

[0023] Figure 15A is a front plan view and Figure 15B is a side plan view of the piston of Figure 14 having face teeth thereon according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0024] Figure 16 is a perspective view of the hub of Fig. 14 having face teeth thereon according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0025] Figure 17 is a cross-sectional view of a hydraulic motor and wheel hub parking brake system incorporating a mechanical actuation device for disengaging the brake;

[0026] Figure 18 is a cross-sectional view illustrating the components of the mechanical actuation device of Figure 17;

[0027] Figure 19 is a cross-sectional view of a hydraulic motor and wheel hub parking brake system incorporating an electro-mechanical actuation device for disengaging the brake;

[0028] Figure 20 is a perspective view of a hydraulic motor and wheel hub arrangement incorporating a parking brake, according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0029] Figure 21 is a side plan view of the hydraulic motor and wheel hub parking brake system shown in Figure 20; [0030] Figure 22 is a partial cross-sectional view illustrating the components of the parking brake assembly according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0031] Figure 23 is a perspective view of an alternative hydraulic motor and wheel hub arrangement incorporating a parking brake, according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0032] Figure 24 is a cross-sectional view of the hydraulic motor and wheel hub parking brake system shown in Figure 23;

[0033] Figure 25 is a perspective view of a hub of Fig. 24 having face teeth thereon according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0034] Figure 26 is a perspective view of the piston of Fig. 24 having face teeth thereon according to the principles of the present disclosure;

[0035] Figure 27 is a cross-sectional view of a winch incorporating a hub brake according to the principles of the present disclosure; and

[0036] Figure 28 is a cross-sectional view of the winch shown in

Figure 27 with the drum grounding path being shown.

[0037] Corresponding reference numerals indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawings. DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0038] Example embodiments will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings.

[0039] Example embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough, and will fully convey the scope to those who are skilled in the art. Numerous specific details are set forth such as examples of specific components, devices, and methods, to provide a thorough understanding of embodiments of the present disclosure. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that specific details need not be employed, that example embodiments may be embodied in many different forms and that neither should be construed to limit the scope of the disclosure. In some example embodiments, well-known processes, well-known device structures, and well-known technologies are not described in detail.

[0040] The terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular example embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting. As used herein, the singular forms "a," "an," and "the" may be intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. The terms "comprises," "comprising," "including," and "having," are inclusive and therefore specify the presence of stated features, integers, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, integers, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof. The method steps, processes, and operations described herein are not to be construed as necessarily requiring their performance in the particular order discussed or illustrated, unless specifically identified as an order of performance. It is also to be understood that additional or alternative steps may be employed.

[0041] When an element or layer is referred to as being "on," "engaged to," "connected to," or "coupled to" another element or layer, it may be directly on, engaged, connected or coupled to the other element or layer, or intervening elements or layers may be present. In contrast, when an element is referred to as being "directly on," "directly engaged to," "directly connected to," or "directly coupled to" another element or layer, there may be no intervening elements or layers present. Other words used to describe the relationship between elements should be interpreted in a like fashion (e.g., "between" versus "directly between," "adjacent" versus "directly adjacent," etc.). As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.

[0042] Although the terms first, second, third, etc. may be used herein to describe various elements, components, regions, layers and/or sections, these elements, components, regions, layers and/or sections should not be limited by these terms. These terms may be only used to distinguish one element, component, region, layer or section from another region, layer or section. Terms such as "first," "second," and other numerical terms when used herein do not imply a sequence or order unless clearly indicated by the context. Thus, a first element, component, region, layer or section discussed below could be termed a second element, component, region, layer or section without departing from the teachings of the example embodiments.

[0043] Spatially relative terms, such as "inner," "outer," "beneath," "below," "lower," "above," "upper," and the like, may be used herein for ease of description to describe one element or feature's relationship to another element(s) or feature(s) as illustrated in the figures. Spatially relative terms may be intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if the device in the figures is turned over, elements described as "below" or "beneath" other elements or features would then be oriented "above" the other elements or features. Thus, the example term "below" can encompass both an orientation of above and below. The device may be otherwise oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.

[0044] With reference to Figure 1 , a hydraulic motor 10 is shown for driving a hub 12 of a hydraulic controlled vehicle. The hydraulic motor 10 includes fluid ports 14, 16 that control the operation of the hydraulic motor to provide forward or reverse rotation thereof. Mounting apertures 18 are provided on the hydraulic motor for mounting the hydraulic motor to a frame structure 20 of a vehicle as is schematically illustrated in Figure 2. The hub 12 can include a plurality of wheel lugs 22 which allow for mounting of a wheel W (schematically illustrated in Fig. 2) thereon. The hydraulic motor 10 includes a drive shaft 24 which extends through the hub 12 and is secured thereto by a nut 26.

[0045] With reference to Figure 2, a cross-sectional view of the hydraulic motor and hub 12 are shown with details of a brake mechanism 30 shown therein. The brake mechanism 30 utilizes a piston 32 disposed within a piston cavity 34 of the hub 12. The piston cavity 34 defines an axially facing surface 36 having a plurality of face teeth 38 thereon. The piston 32 includes a second axially facing surface 40 including a plurality of face teeth 42 disposed thereon for mating engagement with the face teeth 38 disposed within the piston cavity 34. The piston cavity 34, as best shown in Figure 7, also includes an inner cavity wall 44 and an outer cavity wall 46 with the axially facing surface 36 extending therebetween.

[0046] The piston 32, as best shown in Figure 1 1 , includes an outer seal groove 50 and an inner seal groove 52 which receive an outer seal ring 54 and an inner seal ring 56, respectively, that provides sealing engagement with the outer cavity wall 46 and inner cavity wall 44 of the piston cavity 34, as shown in Figures 2-4.

[0047] The piston 32 is supported for axial movement within the piston cavity 34 by a plurality of guide pins 60 which are secured to the housing of the hydraulic motor. The guide pins 60 can be threadedly engaged with the hydraulic motor, or otherwise attached thereto either directly or indirectly. The guide pins 60 further include a spring seat portion 62 against which a coil spring 64 can be seated. The coil spring 64 is disposed between the seat portion 62 and the piston 32. The guide pins 60 further include a post portion 66 which is received in a corresponding guide hole 68 provided in a rear surface of the piston 32. The piston 32 is biased by the springs 64 in an axial direction so that the face teeth 42 of the piston 32 are engaged with the face teeth 38 within the piston cavity 34 of the hub 12.

[0048] As best shown in Figures 8-13, the piston 32 is provided with a fluid passage 70 and a fluid channel 72 which bisects the face teeth 42 whereby the fluid passage 70 is provided with hydraulic fluid that extends through the fluid passage 70 and into the fluid channel 72 creating a hydraulic pressure that axially opposes the biasing force of the springs 64 to move the piston 32 axially away from the face teeth 38 within the piston cavity 34. By disengaging the face teeth 42 of the piston 32 from the face teeth 38 within the hub 12, the hub 12 is free to rotate along with the drive shaft 24.

[0049] It is noted that the hub 12 includes a tapered aperture 80, as best shown in Figures 5-7. The tapered aperture 80 receives the drive shaft 24 therein while the nut 26 secures the hub 12 onto the shaft 24. The hub 12 can include a keyway 82 communicating with the tapered aperture 80 to provide a keyed connection with the drive shaft 24. The drive shaft 24 can include a rotor 90 which is received in the housing of the hydraulic motor 10 which upon supply of hydraulic fluid in a controlled manner to the hydraulic motor, causes the rotor 90 to rotate, thereby causing the drive shaft 24 and hub 12 to rotate as well. The hydraulic fluid can also be supplied to the fluid passage 70 within the piston 32 so as to disengage the safety brake when the hydraulic motor is being operated. When the hydraulic motor 10 is no longer being operated, the supply of hydraulic fluid for disengaging the safety brake is removed, and the safety brake automatically re-engages to prevent rotation of the hub 12 and thereby the wheel mounted thereto.

[0050] The present disclosure provides a braking mechanism for a hydraulic motor driven wheel utilizing a two-piece design of a hub that rotates by means of a drive shaft 24. A hydraulic chamber is created within the hub 12 in which the piston 32 resides. The piston 32 is grounded (i.e., non-rotatable relative to the motor housing) in the sealed chamber. The piston face inside of the chamber has a radial set of face teeth. These face teeth are similar to the face teeth inside of the hydraulic chamber. When the chamber is pressurized, the piston face teeth are pushed away from the hub face teeth allowing the hub to freely rotate. When pressure is released from the chamber, a spring, or a number of springs, push the piston into the hub causing it to stop rotating relative to the piston. It is noted that a pneumatic actuation system can be operated in the same manner as the described hydraulic actuation system.

[0051] With reference to Figure 14, an alternative hydraulic piston brake arrangement is shown for use with a hydraulic motor 10 for driving a hub 1 12. The hydraulic motor 10 can include fluid ports (similar to ports 16, 18 shown in Figure 1 ) that control the operation of the hydraulic motor to provide forward or reverse rotation thereof. The motor can also be provided with mounting apertures (similar to apertures 18 shown in Figure 1 ) for mounting the hydraulic motor 10 to a frame structure of a vehicle or other machinery as is desired. The hub 1 12 can include wheel lugs for use on a hydraulic controlled vehicle, or alternatively, it can be used in other machinery for operating a hydraulically operated device. The hydraulic motor includes a drive shaft 24 which extends through the hub 1 12, and is secured thereto by a nut 26. The hydraulic motor 10 and hub 1 12 include a brake mechanism 130 shown therein. The brake mechanism 130 utilizes an annular piston 132 disposed against an annular backing plate 134 that is securely mounted to the motor housing. The backing plate 134 and piston 132 define a hydraulic chamber 136 radially therebetween that is supplied with hydraulic fluid for moving the piston 132 to a disengaged position against the biasing force of springs 138.

[0052] As best shown in Figure 16, the hub 1 12 includes a center aperture 140 that receives the drive shaft 24 of the motor 10 therein. The nut 26 secures the hub 1 12 to the drive shaft 24. The hub 1 12 further includes a plurality of brake teeth 142 on an axially facing surface 144.

[0053] The piston 132, as best shown in Figures 15A and 15B, includes a plurality of brake teeth 146 which are engageable with the brake teeth 142 of the hub 1 12. The brake teeth 146 are disposed on an axial end face of the annular piston 132. As shown in the cross-sectional view of Figure 14, the piston 132 includes a seal cavity 150 therein for receiving a seal 152 that is disposed on one side of the hydraulic chamber 136 for engagement with the outer surface 154 of the backing plate 134. The backing plate 134 includes a second seal cavity 156 for receiving a second seal 158 for sealing against an interior surface 160 of the piston 132 on an opposite end of the hydraulic chamber 136. The hydraulic chamber 136 includes a first end face in the form of an annular flange 162 extending radially inward from the piston 132. A second end face 164 of the hydraulic chamber 136 is disposed on a radially outwardly extending flange 166 of the backing plate 134.

[0054] The backing plate 134 includes a plurality of radially outwardly extending splines 168 which mate with corresponding inwardly extending splines 170 on the interior surface of the piston 132. The splines 168, 170 allow axial movement of the piston 132 relative to the backing plate 134 in response to pressurization of the hydraulic chamber 136 while preventing relative rotation of the piston 132 relative to the backing plate 134 which is fixedly attached to the motor housing.

[0055] As shown in Figure 15B, the piston 132 is provided with a hydraulic port 174 which receives pressurized hydraulic fluid therein for moving the piston 132 axially relative to the backing plate 134 against the biasing force of the springs 138 in order to disengage the brake teeth 146 of the piston 132 from the brake teeth 142 of the hub 1 12. When the hydraulic pressure is released, the springs 138 bias the piston 132 back to an engaged position so that there is a brake tooth interface between the brake teeth 146 of the piston 132 and the brake teeth 142 of hub 1 12.

[0056] When the motor 10 is supplied with hydraulic fluid for driving the motor, the hydraulic fluid is also supplied to the hydraulic port 174 to disengage the hydraulic brake to allow the motor 10 to drive the hub 1 12. When the hydraulic fluid to the motor 10 is interrupted, the hydraulic fluid that disengages the brake is also halted so that the brake is re-engaged automatically when the motor is not driven. As shown in Figure 14, the backing plate 134 can be provided with an annular flange 178 including a plurality of apertures 180 for receiving mounting bolts 182 therein for mounting the backing plate to the motor housing. With the brake arrangement of the embodiment shown in Figures 14- 16, the seals 152 and 158 are provided in a non-rotating environment between the non-rotating backing plate 134 and piston 132, and therefore provide a sealed hydraulic chamber 136 capable of withstanding high pressures for use in various types of applications. The ability to withstand high pressures within the hydraulic chamber 136 allows the use of biasing springs 138 having a high spring rate for providing a strong brake connection.

[0057] With reference to Figures 17 and 18, a motor and piston brake assembly is shown in which a mechanical actuator is utilized for disengaging the piston brake. In particular, as shown in Figure 17, a motor 10 includes a drive shaft 24 which is connected to a hub 12 in the same manner as previously described. A piston 232 is provided with face teeth 234 which engage corresponding face teeth 236 on the hub 12. A plurality of guide pins 60 engage and guide the piston 232 while a plurality of springs 64 bias the piston 232 into engagement with the face teeth of the hub 12. A mechanical actuator 240 includes a pull cable 242 that engages a shift fork 244 that is received in an annular groove 246 of the piston 232. Accordingly, by actuation of the pull cable 242, the shift fork 244 is pulled in a rightward direction, as illustrated in Figure 17, so as to oppose the biasing force of the springs 64 so that the piston 232 is moved out of engagement with the face teeth 236 of the hub 12. It should be understood that the pull cable 242 can be connected to various mechanical devices that given an operator a mechanical advantage for overcoming the spring force of the springs 64 to disengage the piston brake 232.

[0058] With reference to Figure 19, an alternative embodiment is shown utilizing an electro-mechanical actuator for disengaging the piston brake. In particular, as shown in Figure 19, a motor 10 includes a drive shaft 24 that is connected to a hub 12. The piston 232 includes face teeth 234 which engage correspondence face teeth 236 provided on the hub 12. Again, there are a plurality of guide pins which engage apertures in the piston 232 for guiding the piston 232 in an axial direction. A plurality of springs 64 bias the piston 232 in a leftward direction as illustrated in Figure 19. An electro-mechanical actuation device 200 is provided for disengaging the piston brake. The electro-mechanical actuation device 200 includes an armature 202 connected to a shift fork 204 that engages the piston 232. A coil 206 is provided within a core 208 and when supplied with a current, causes the armature 202 to move in a rightward direction as illustrated in Figure 19, thus, causing the piston 232 to move out of engagement with the face teeth 236 of the hub 12. Therefore, the hub 12 is free to rotate along with the drive shaft 24. Upon removing the current supply to the coil 206, the springs 64 bias the face teeth 234 of the piston 232 back into engagement with the face teeth 236 of the hub 12.

[0059] With reference to Figures 20-22, a motor and piston brake assembly is shown in which a cam actuator is utilized for disengaging the piston brake. In particular, as shown in Figure 20, a motor 10 includes a drive shaft 24 which is connected to a hub 312 by a nut 26 in the same manner as previously described. A piston 332 is provided with face teeth 334 (Fig. 21 ) which engage corresponding face teeth 336 on the hub 312. The piston 332 is axially biased into braking engagement with the hub 312 by springs 338 as best shown in Figure 22. The piston 332 includes a plurality of cam surfaces 340 spaced circumferentially around the piston 332. A plurality of cam members 342 are mounted to an actuator ring 344 for moving the cam members 342 between engaged and disengaged positions with the cam surface 340. [0060] By slight rotation movement of the actuator ring 344, the cam members 342 can be caused to ride up the cam surfaces 340 to cause axial movement of the piston 332 out of braking engagement with the hub 312. By returning the actuator ring 344 to a disengaged position, the cam members 342 ride downward along the cam surfaces 340 so that the biasing force of the spring 338 bias the piston 332 into braking engagement with the hub 312. The slight rotational movement of the actuator ring 344 allows engagement and disengagement of the brake during and after operation of the motor 10. Operation of the actuator ring 344 can be performed by mechanical, electromechanical, hydraulic, or other known operating techniques.

[0061] It is noted that the brake mechanism shown in the embodiment of Figures 20-22 is a normally applied braking system wherein the piston 332 is normally braked against the hub 312. In order to disengage the brake, the actuator ring 344 is driven to cause the cam members 342 to move up the cam surfaces 340 to draw the teeth 334 of the piston 332 away from engagement with the teeth 336 on the hub 312.

[0062] According to an alterative embodiment, as illustrated in Figures 23-26, a cam actuated system is provided in which the brake is normally in an unapplied condition, and the brake can be actuated to be engaged by the cam system. In particular, as shown in Figure 23, a motor 10 includes a driveshaft 24 which is connected to a hub 412 by a nut 26 in the same manner as previously described. A piston 432 is provided with face teeth 434 which engage corresponding face teeth 436 on the hub 412. A plurality of guide pins 460 engage and guide the piston 432 while a plurality of springs 464 (Fig. 24) bias the piston 432 out of engagement with the teeth of the hub 412. A cam actuator plate 440 includes a plurality of cam surfaces 442 which engage a rear surface of the piston 432. The rear surface of the piston 432 includes a cam surface 444 which opposes the cam surfaces 442 of the actuator 440. For causing engagement of the brake, the actuator 440 is rotated to cause the cam surfaces 442 to ride upward along the cam surfaces 444 on the rearward surface of the piston 432 to cause axial movement of the piston 432 into braking engagement with the brake teeth 436 on the hub 412. When the actuator 440 is rotated so that the cam surfaces 442 ride downward along the cam surfaces 444 of the piston 432, the springs 464 cause the piston 432 to disengage the brake teeth 436 on the hub 412. The piston 432 is non-rotatably mounted to the motor housing by the guide pins 460, and therefore, provide a braking force when engaged with the brake teeth 436 of the hub 412.

[0063] With reference to Figure 27, a winch 500 is shown incorporating a hub brake according to the principles of the present disclosure. The winch 500 includes a motor 502 which provides driving torque to a drive shaft 504. The drive shaft 504 is connected to a gear box 506 which can include one or more planetary gear stages. In the embodiment shown, first and second planetary gear stages 508, 510 are illustrated. The function and operation of the planetary gear stages 508, 510 are generally well known in the art. The planetary carrier 512 of the second planetary gear stage 510 provides a splined connection to the drum 514 at spline connection 516.

[0064] Upon normal operation, the motor 502 drives the drive shaft

504 which provides input torque to the gear box 506 and the drum 514 is driven by the output spline connection 516 of the gear box 506. According to the principles of the present disclosure, a hub 520 is mounted to the drive shaft 504. The hub 520 includes face teeth disposed within a piston chamber in the same manner as described previously. A piston 522 is disposed within the piston chamber and includes face teeth which engage the face teeth within the hub 520. A plurality of guide pins 524 are mounted to a drum support 526 and guidingly engage the piston 522 for axial movement while preventing rotational movement of the piston 522. A plurality of springs 528 bias the piston 522 in the direction for engagement with the face teeth of the hub 520. A brake housing or cover 530 can be provided for mounting the motor 502 to the drum support 526.

[0065] The motor 502 can be a hydraulic motor or an electric motor. The piston 522 can be engaged by an actuation device that can include a hydraulic, mechanical, pneumatic, or electro-mechanical actuation device for disengaging the piston 522 from the face teeth of the hub 520.

[0066] With reference to Figure 28, when the face teeth of the piston 522 are engaged with the face teeth of the hub 520, the piston 522 prevents the hub 520 from rotating, thus providing a brake for the winch drum 514. The piston 522 is non-rotatable relative to the drum support 526 and the drum support 526 is mounted to an exterior structure to prevent rotation of the drum support. Thus, while the hub 520 is effectively braked, the drive shaft 504 and drum 514 are also braked. Upon actuation of the motor 502, the piston 522 can be disengaged from the hub 520 to allow the drive shaft and hub to freely rotate.

[0067] The foregoing description of the embodiments has been provided for purposes of illustration and description. It is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the disclosure. Individual elements or features of a particular embodiment are generally not limited to that particular embodiment, but, where applicable, are interchangeable and can be used in a selected embodiment, even if not specifically shown or described. The same may also be varied in many ways. Such variations are not to be regarded as a departure from the disclosure, and all such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of the disclosure.