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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
FASTENING DEVICE, FASTENING SYSTEM AND FURNITURE ASSEMBLY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/072080
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A fastening device (2;20) for assembling panels (170;180) in furniture, the device (2;20) having an axial extension along an axial direction and a lateral extension along a lateral direction, said device (2;20) comprising an upper part (4;40), and a lower part (5;50) a circumferential extending peripheral surface (10;110), the device (2;20) having an axially extending through passage (8;80) for the insertion of a pin the in the axial direction, wherein the fastening device (2;20) comprises elements for taking up forces along both the axial and lateral direction.

Inventors:
LEVEEN JIM (SE)
ERIKSSON ANDERS (SE)
SJÖSTEDT GÖRAN (SE)
Application Number:
EP2013/054518
Publication Date:
May 15, 2014
Filing Date:
March 06, 2013
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
INTER IKEA SYS BV (NL)
International Classes:
A47B13/00; F16B12/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO1997016090A11997-05-09
Foreign References:
DE19962955A12001-07-05
EP1041297A22000-10-04
EP2446777A12012-05-02
EP0611002A11994-08-17
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ROOS, R. (P.O. Box 793, Lund, SE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A fastening device (2; 20) for assembling panels (17; 170; 18; 180) in furniture, the device (2;20) having an axial extension along an axial direction and a lateral extension along a lateral direction, said device (2;20) comprising an upper part (4;40), and a lower par t(5;50) a circumferential extending peripheral surface (10; 110), the device(2;20) having an axially extending through passage (8;80) for the insertion of a pin the in the axial direction, characterized in that, the fastening device (2;20) comprises elements for taking up forces along both the axial and lateral direction.

2. A fastening device (2) according to claim 1, characterized in that the fastening device (2) comprises protrusions (9) arranged on the peripheral surface (11) of the fastening device (2). 3. A fastening device (2) according to claim 2, characterized in that the protrusions (9) have a pyramidal shape.

4. A fastening device (2) according to claim 2 or 3, characterized in that the upper part (4:40) having a wider section (6) and more narrow section (7), the more narrow section comprising vertical grooves.

5. A fastening device (2) according to any of claims 2-4, characterized in that the protrusions (9) are arranged to extend in the axial direction and also in a direction transversal thereto of the fastening device (2).

6. A fasting device (2) according to any of claims 2-5, characterized in that the peripheral surface (10) comprising a first outer surface (11) and a second outer surface (12) both having protrusions (9) arranged thereon. 7. A fastening device (2) according to any of claims 1-6, characterized in that the protrusions (9) having an extension from the peripheral surface of about 0.1-3 mm.

8. A fastening device (2) according to any of claims 1-7, characterized in that the axially extending through passage (8) having an inner surface (21), said inner surface (21) being provided with an inner circumferential recess (22) provided in the upper part of the fastening device (2).

9. A fastening device (20) according to claim 1 characterized in that the upper part (40) comprises a top surface (150) and the lower part (50) comprises a bottom surface (230), wherein the fastening device (20) comprises a first slit (90a) arranged in the axial direction extending from the upper part (40) of the fastening device (20) and a second slit (90b) extending in the axial direction in the lower part (50) of the fastening device (20).

10. A fastening device (20) according to claim 9, characterized in that the first slit (90a) is arranged from the top surface (150) of the upper part (40), extending in the axial direction. 11. A fastening device (20) according to claim 9, characterized in that the second slit is arranged from the bottom surface (230) of the lower part (50) extending in the axial direction.

12. A fastening device (20) according to claim 10 or 11 characterized in that a further slit (90c) is arranged in from the top surface (150) of the upper part (40), extending in the axial direction.

13. A fastening device (20) according to any of claim 10-12 characterized in that a further slit (90d) is arranged in from the bottom surface (230) of the lower part (50), extending in the axial direction.

14. A fastening device (20) according to claim 13 characterized in that the slits (90a; 90c) arranged in the upper part (40) also extends into the lower part (50) and that the slits (90b; 90d) arranged in the lower part (50) also extends into the upper part (40).

15. A fastening system (1; 100) comprising a fastening device (2; 20) according to any of claims 1-14 and a locking device (3; 30) for insertion into the through passage (8; 80) of the fastening device (2; 20).

16. A furniture assembly (200) comprising a fastening system (1) according to claim 15, a first joining member (17) having a hole (16) and a second joining member (18) having a hole (24) , wherein the dowel 2 is inserted into the hole (16) in the first joining member (17) via the through passage (24) in the second furniture member(l 8).

17. A furniture assembly (300b) comprising a fastening system (100) according to claim 15, and a first joining member (170) and a second joining member (180) wherein the first joining member (170) comprises a recess (270) for insertion of the second member (180) and a hole for insertion of the fastening device (20).

Description:
FASTENING DEVICE, FASTENING SYSTEM AND FURNITURE

ASSEMBLY

Field of the invention The present invention relates to a fastening device for detachably assembling panels in furniture. The invention also relates to a fastening system and a furniture assembly including the fastening device.

The fastening device is for detachably assembling panels in furniture having an axial extension along a axial direction and a lateral extension along a lateral direction, a circumferential extending peripheral surface, the device comprising an upper part exhibiting a wider portion and a more narrow portion, and a lower part the device having an axially extending through passage for the detachable insertion of a pin the in the axial direction. Background

The invention aims to improve how panels are assembled in furniture. The manner this is done presently, when assembling for instance back panels in furniture, is by nailing the back panel to the other part of the furniture. Currently, this is done by the end customer using a hammer and nails. This has several disadvantages, such as requiring substantial effort by the customer, hazards of destroying the back of the furniture by misplacing or destroying the nails. Furthermore, the furniture thus assembled cannot be disassembled and re-assembled.

Summary

An object of the invention is to provide for a fastening device that comprises elements for taking up forces along both axial and lateral directions.

The fastening device has an axial extension along an axial direction and a lateral extension along a lateral direction, the device comprising an upper part, and a lower par t a circumferential extending peripheral surface, the device having an axially extending through passage for the insertion of a pin the in the axial direction.

According to another embodiment of the invention, the device comprises protrusions arranged on the peripheral surface thereof.

According to yet another embodiment of the invention, the protrusions have a pyramidal shape.

According to a further embodiment of the invention, the fastening device has an upper part having a wider and narrower section, the more narrow section comprising vertical grooves.

According to a further embodiment of the invention, the protrusions are arranged to extend in the axial direction and also in a direction transversal thereto of the fastening device. According to a further embodiment of the invention, the peripheral surface comprises a first outer surface and a second outer surface both having protrusions arranged thereon.

According to a further embodiment of the invention, the protrusions have an extension from the peripheral surface of about 0.1-3 mm.

According to a further embodiment of the invention the axially extending through passage has an inner surface, said inner surface being provided with an inner circumferential recess provided in the upper part of the fastening device.

According to a further embodiment of the invention, the upper part comprises a top surface and the lower part comprises a bottom surface, wherein the fastening device comprises a first slit arranged in the axial direction extending from the upper part of the fastening device and a second slit extending in the axial direction in the lower part of the fastening device. According to a further embodiment of the invention, the fastening device comprises a first slit s arranged from the top surface of the upper part, extending in the axial direction.

According to a further embodiment of the invention, the second slit is arranged from the bottom surface of the lower part extending in the axial direction.

According to a further embodiment of the invention a further slit is arranged in from the top surface of the upper part, extending in the axial direction.

According to a further embodiment of the invention a further slit is arranged in from the bottom surface of the lower part, extending in the axial direction. According to a further embodiment of the invention the slits arranged in the upper part also extends into the lower part and that the slits arranged in the lower part also extends into the upper part.

According to a further embodiment of the invention there is provided for a fastening system comprising a fastening device, and a locking device for insertion into the through passage of the fastening device.

According to a further embodiment of the invention there is provided for a furniture assembly comprising a fastening system comprising a first joining member having a hole and a second joining member having a hole , wherein the dowel is inserted into the hole in the first joining member via the through passage in the second furniture member.

According to a further embodiment of the invention there is provided for a furniture assembly comprising a fastening system and a first joining member and a second joining member wherein the first joining member comprises a recess for insertion of the second member and a hole for insertion of the fastening device. Brief description of drawings

Embodiments of the present invention will now be described with reference to the appended drawings.

Fig. 1 shows a perspective view of a fastening system according to an embodiment of the invention, in a pre-assembled state;

Figure 2 shows a perspective view of a fastening system according to an embodiment of the invention, in a semi-assembled state;

Figure 3 shows a perspective view of a fastening system according to an embodiment of the invention, in an assembled state; Fig. 4 shows a side view of the fastening system in Figure 2;

Fig. 5 shows a perspective view of a fastening device according to another embodiment of the invention; Fig. 6 shows another perspective view of the fastening device shown in Figure

5.

Figure 7 shows perspective view of a fastening system comprising the fastening device shown in Figures 5-6 , the fastening system being in a pre-assembled state;

Figure 8 shows perspective view of a fastening system comprising the fastening device shown in Figures 5-6 , the fastening system being in an assembled state;

Figure 9 shows another perspective view of a fastening system shown in Figure

8;

Figure 10 shows parts of a furniture assembly comprising the fastening system shown in Figures 7-9, in semi-assembled state; Figure 11 shows a furniture assembly comprising the fastening system shown in Figures 7-9, in semi-assembled state; Figure 12 shows a furniture assembly comprising the fastening system shown in Figures 7-9, in an assembled state.

Detailed description

A fastening system 1 as seen in Figure 1 is for assembling furniture parts into a furniture assembly, and in the end product an entire assembled piece of furniture. The fastening system 1 as shown in the embodiment in Figure 1 comprises a fastening device 2 in the form of a dowel and a locking device 3 in the form of a pin. The dowel 2 exhibits an elongated form with an axial extension, having an upper part 4 and a lower part 5. The upper part 4 exhibits a wider upper portion 6 and a narrower lower portion 7. The wider portion 6 is arranged to rest on a surface of a furniture part encompassing a hole in said furniture part. The underside of the wider upper portion 6 then abuts the surface of the furniture part encompassing said hole. The narrower lower portion 7 is dimensioned and shaped to fit, preferably snuggly, the hole in the furniture part, so as to keep the dowel 2 in the hole in a retained manner. The upper part 4 thus retains the dowel 2, to the surface of a furniture part when the dowel 2 is inserted in a hole with a narrower dimension than the wider portion 6. The hole could then also substantially correspond in shape and dimensions with the narrower lower portion 7 to receive and cooperate with the narrower lower portion 7, and thus the dowel 2, in a retaining manner. The dowel 2 is provided with an axially extending through passage 8 for insertion of the pin 3. In the embodiment as shown in Figure 1 the through passage 8 runs through the entire body of the dowel 2. The dowel 2 exhibits protrusions 9 arranged on the circumferential peripheral surface 10 of the dowel 2. The lower part 5 comprises two tongues on opposite sides of the through passage created by the through passage 8 and the slits arranged in the circumferential peripheral surface 10. The tongues have a lateral and a central surface, respectively; the central surfaces of the respective tongue extend in planes that are angled with respect of each other. The peripheral surface 10 of the lower part 5 The peripheral surface 10 comprising a first outer surface 11 and a second outer surface 12, located on each tongue. The protrusions 9 serve the purpose of elements taking up forces in both the axial and the lateral direction. That is the elements or protrusions 9 will, when the pin 3 is inserted into the dowel 2 resist movement in the axial direction of the dowel 2 and in the sideways or lateral direction thereto. The protrusions 9 extend in the axial direction as well as in a transversal direction of the dowel 2 and cover both said first outer surface 11 and said second outer surface 12. In other words, the protrusions 9 are arranged over outer surface 11 and a second outer surface of the circumferential peripheral surface 10 in a matrix form. The protrusions 9 as shown in Figure 1 have a pyramidal shape. This feature improves the uptake of axial and lateral forces of the protrusions 9. The protrusions according to the invention may exhibit other suitable shapes that serve the purpose of taking up forces coming from both the axial direction and a lateral, or sideways, direction.

The pin 3 exhibits a wider upper part 13 and a more narrow lower part 14. The wider upper part 13 may then be considered a pin head 13, while the narrower lower part 14 may be considered a pin stem. The pin 3 is intended to be inserted into the through passage 8 of the dowel 2, with its lower part 14 inserted into the through passage 8, with the lower surface of the upper part 13 resting on the top surface of the upper part 4 of the dowel 2.

Figure 2 shows the fastening system 1 in a semi-assembled state, the pin 3 partially inserted into the through passage 8 of the dowel 2.

In Figure 3 the fastening system 1 is in an assembled state, the pin 3 being fully inserted into the dowel 2, resting with the lower surface of the upper part 13 on the top surface 15 of the upper part 4 of the dowel 2. In this state the tongues of the lower part 5 of the dowel 2 have been urged laterally, such that the circumference of the lower part 5 is increased. In this way the dowel 2 may be secured to the furniture part.

Figure 4 is a side view of the fastening system 1 shown in Figure 2, when in semi-assembled state, the pin 3 being partially inserted into the through passage 8. The fastening system is partially assembled in a furniture assembly 200 comprising a first furniture member 17, a second furniture member 18, the dowel 2 and the pin 3. The lower part 5 of the dowel 2 is inserted into a predrilled hole 16 in the first furniture member 17, through a through passage in the second furniture member 18. When the pin 3 is fully inserted into the through passage 8 of the dowel 2, the dowel 2 will expand and the protrusions 9 will grip into the inner circumferential surface 19 of the first furniture member 17 surrounding the predrilled hole 16. The pin 3 is removably inserted into the through passage 8 of the dowel 2. When removed, the furniture members assembled will be disassembled and can be re-assembled again. As can be seen in Figure 1-4 the dowel 2 exhibits an inner surface 21 provided with an inner

circumferential recess 22 in the upper part 4 of the dowel 2. This recess 22 is for locking the pin 3 to the dowel 2when it is inserted therein in a semi-assembled state as shown in Figure 2... This is achieved by the pin 3 exhibiting a corresponding groove 23 arranged on the pin 3, that locks against the recess 22 thus locking the pin 3 to the dowel in a transport mode, making it easy for the end customer to find the two parts and to assembly them into the furniture. When the pin 3 is finally assembled as shown in figure 3, the pin 3 is fully inserted into the dowel 2 and the groove 23 will lock the pin 3 to the dowel 2 by hooking into the bottom part of the dowel 2.

The fastening device 20 seen in Figure 5 shows an alternative way of performing the instant invention. The fastening device or dowel 20 exhibits an elongated form having an axial direction, further having an upper part 40 and a lower part 50. The upper part 40 exhibits a wider upper portion 60 and a narrower portion 70. The wider portion 60 is arranged to lock the upper part 40, and thus the dowel 20, to the surface of a furniture part when the dowel is inserted in a hole with a narrower dimension than the wider portion 60 .The dowel 20 is provided with an axially extending through passage 80. In the embodiment as shown in Figure 5 the through passage 80 runs through the entire body of the dowel 20. The dowel 20 comprises four axially extending slits. A first slit 90a extends from the top surface 150 of the upper part 40 of the dowel 20, a second slit 90b extends from the bottom surface of the lower part 50 of the dowel 20, a third slit 90c extends from the top surface of 150 of the upper part 40 of the dowel 20, and a fourth slit 90d extends from the bottom surface of the lower part 50 of the dowel 20. As can be seen in figure 5 the dowel 20 exhibits a general cylindrical cross-section seen from the top surface 150 of the upper part, with a segment of the cylindrical shape truncated. The circumferential peripheral surface 110 of the dowel 20 will thus comprise partly, a curved surface 210, and partly, a flat surface 220, extending in the axial direction from the top surface 150 of the upper part of the dowel 20 to the bottom surface 230 of the lower part 50 of the dowel 20. The curved surface is intended to fit in a bore hole of a first furniture part when assembled and the flat surface 220 is intended to fit and clamp against the flat surface of a second furniture part to assemble the two furniture parts together. The dowel 20 comprises circumferential flanges 240 on the curved surface 210 of the circumferential peripheral surface 110. The flat surface 220 of the circumferential peripheral surface 110 exhibits circumferential grooves 250.

Figure 6 shows the dowel 20 from the side of the flat surface 220 of the circumferential peripheral surface 110 of the dowel 20. Figure 6 shows that the grooves of the flat surface 220 of the circumferential peripheral surface 110 are of smaller dimension than the flanges 240 of the curved surface 210 of the circumferential surface 110. As can be seen in figure 6 there are a multitude of grooves 250 with ridges in between, and a multitude of flanges 240 with neck portions in between, arranged in the circumferential direction of the dowel 20.

A fastening system 100 is shown in Figure 7, in an un-assembled state. The system 100 is shown from a below view in relation to the top surface 150 of the upper part 40 of the dowel 20 and showing the bottom surface 230 of the lower part 50 of the dowel 20.

The pin 30 exhibits a wider upper part 270 and a more narrow lower part 280. The pin 30 is intended to be inserted into the through passage 80 of the dowel 20, with its lower part 280 inserted into the through passage 80, resting on the top surface 150 of the upper part 40 of the dowel 20.

Figure 8 shows a fastening system 100 in the assembled state, comprising a dowel 20 and a pin 30 inserted into the through passage 80 of the dowel 20. The dowel 20 is seen from the same perspective view as shown in Figure 5. As can be seen in Figure 8, when the pin 30 has been inserted into the dowel 20 it will force the section 260 of the dowel 20 between the second slit 90b and the fourth slit 90d to move in an outwards, radial direction thus expanding the dowel 20 in its lower part 50 to press against the walls of a borehole in which is inserted into, thus fixing the dowel to the furniture part comprising the borehole. The slits 90a-d will thus work as elements of taking up forces as well in the axial direction as in a direction lateral thereto, in the manner that when the pin 30 is inserted into the dowel 20, making a tongue or tongues of material extend from the dowel 20. Section 260 of the dowel 20 will form such a tongue, the other tongue being formed by the material between the slits 90a and 90 c. When the pin 30 is fully inserted into the dowel 20 it will cause the dowel to expand in its upper part by means of the slits 90a and 90c arranged in the upper part 40 making the dowel 20 taking up forces in its upper part. The pin 30 will also expand the dowel in the lower part 50 of the dowel 20, by means of the slits 90 b and 90d arranged in the lower part 50, thus the dowel taking up forces also in the lower part 50.

Figure 9 shows the fastening system 100 in its assembled stage shown from another perspective than in figure 8. The device 100 is seen from the side of the dowel 20 exhibiting the flat surface 220 of the circumferential peripheral surface.

The fastening system 100 shown in Figure 9 is in an assembled state, shown from the same perspective as the dowel 20 is shown in Figure 6. The fastening system 100 and the dowel 20 are shown from the side of the flat surface 220 of the

circumferential peripheral surface 110 of the dowel 20.

Figure 10 shows parts of a furniture assembly 300a comprising the fastening system 100 shown in Figures 7-9, in semi-assembled state. This entails that the assembly 300a has started but is not finished. The assembly comprises a first furniture member 170 having a recess 270 for insertion of a second furniture member. The first furniture member 170 has a pre-drilled hole 160 into which the dowel 20 and the pin partially inserted into it are inserted. The dowel 20 and the pin 30 of the furniture assembly 300a may comprise all the details described above in connection to Figures 5- 9. Figure 11 shows a furniture assembly 300b. In addition to the assembly 300a described in Figure 10 the furniture assembly according to Figure 11 also comprises a second furniture member 180 inserted into the recess 270 of the first furniture member 170. The furniture assembly 300b in Figure 11 is in a semi-assembled state, the pin 30 not being fully inserted into the dowel 20.

Figure 12 shows the furniture assembly 300b in an assembled state, when the pin 30 has been fully inserted into the dowel 20, the dowel 20 expanding from the insertion of the pin, in the parts where the slits 90a-90d are provided, thus clamping the dowel against the walls of the predrilled hole 160 in the first furniture part and expanding to clamp the second furniture part 180 against the first furniture part 170 thus assembling them in a detachable manner. As described earlier the dowel 20 will expand in its upper part 40 and also in its lower part 50. The manner in which the slits 90a-d are arranged will decide in which direction this will happen. The slits in the embodiment described are arranged in a manner so that the tongues in the upper part 40 and the lower part 50 will expand at an angle to each other. This will have the effect that the lower part 50 will clamp against the first furniture part 170 in the hole 160 and that the upper part 40 will clamp against the second furniture part 180, as the hole 160 is in connection with the recess 270, in which the furniture part is inserted. The first furniture part 170 is typically a part of furniture such as a cabinet and the second furniture part 180 is typically a back panel to be assembled to said furniture part. The furniture assembly 300b is easily detachable by pulling the pin 30 from the dowel 20.

It will be understood that various features of the device, system and assembly may be varied whilst still retaining their essential functionality within the realms of the invention. For instance, the protrusions, flanges and/ or grooves of the dowel in the respective embodiment may vary in shape and/or size, as well as the dowel and pin and other features of the assembly. The fastening system according to the invention can be used to assemble any other suitably furniture parts, for instance for securing shelves in a furniture.