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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
FEED SUPPLEMENT COVERED WITH BY-PASS FAT IN ORDER TO INCREASE MILK YIELD AND REPRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/028241
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention is developed in order to be used in livestock sector and especially relates to a feed which comprises dextrose, niacin and vitamins A, D and E in order to increase milk yield and reproductive efficiency in bovines and which provides digestion said content in small intestine by covering them with by-pass fat.

Inventors:
KOVANLIKAYA, Arda (Bursa Yem Fabrikasi, Hürriyet Mah. Yeşilova Cad. No:2, Nilüfer Bursa, TR)
KILIÇ, Bilal (Bursa Yem Fabrikasi, Hürriyet Mah. Yeşilova Cad. No:2, Nilüfer Bursa, TR)
Application Number:
TR2015/000306
Publication Date:
February 25, 2016
Filing Date:
August 14, 2015
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
VANER GIDA TICARET VE SANAYI LIMITED ŞIRKETI (Bursa Yem Fabrikasi, Hürriyet Mah. Yeşilova Cad. No:2, Nilüfer Bursa, TR)
International Classes:
A23K1/18; A23K1/00; A23K1/16
Domestic Patent References:
2005-01-27
Foreign References:
US20030129295A12003-07-10
US5391371A1995-02-21
US20090092704A12009-04-09
US5571527A1996-11-05
EP0183305A11986-06-04
US20050271603A12005-12-08
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
TOSUN, Halil (Bariş Mah. Ikbal Sok. Atalsy 10 Sitesi No:13 K:6 D:12, Nilüfer Bursa, Nilüfer Bursa, TR)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1- A feed supplement covered with by-pass fat in order to increase milk yieid and reproductive efficiency, characterized in that it consists of dextrose, niacin and vitamins A, D and E covered with by-pass fat in order to prevent dissolution in the rumen and to provide digestion in the smali intestine.

2- Feed supplement covered with by-pass fat in order to increase milk yield and reproductive efficiency according to Claim 1, characterized in that in one kilogram, it comprises

GLUCOSE 400 g/kg

NIACIN 8 g/kg

VIT. A 30,000 I.U./kg

VIT. D3 3.000 1.U./kg

VIT. E 30 mg/kg and the remaining amount is by-pass fat.

Description:
DESCRIPTION

FEED SUPPLEMENT COVERED WITH BY-PASS FAT IN ORDER TO INCREASE MILK YIELD

AND REPRODUCTIVE EFFICIENCY

The invention is developed In order to be used in livestock sector and especially relates to a feed which comprises dextrose, niacin and vitamins A, D and E in order to increase milk yield and reproductive efficiency in bovines and which provides digestion said content in small intestine by covering them with by-pass fat.

Today, population increases drastically in Turkey and around the world. In order to meet the needs of the increasing population, stockbreeding must be conducted more effectively. Thus, care and feed conditions must be inspected more carefully today. The main two elements yielding profitability in bovine milk sector are milk yield and reproductive efficiency. Due to the mistakes that can be made regarding these two subjects, the profitability of the establishments may decrease day by day.

The most important period regarding milk yield and reproductive efficiency is early lactation period. As is known, in the early lactation period, dairy cattle have a lower dry matter consumption but higher milk yield. In this regard, the dairy cattle must be fed with rations comprising the highest possible energy and protein in this period. Days before the birth, the dry matter consumption of cattle reduce about 2 to 4 kilograms and this reduction continues after the birth. The reduction reaches its peak only around 10 to 12 weeks after the birth. Contrary to the slow decrease in dry matter consumption, milk yield reaches its peak around 40 to 60 days after birth. As a result of ail these physiologic conditions experienced, dairy cattle encounter the situation called negative energy balance in early lactation period.

In negative energy balance the dairy cattle mobilize their body fat. When this mobilization exceeds a specific level, the metabolic disease called KETOSIS occurs. Ketosis disease is characterized by a blood beta hydroxybutyric acid level higher than 1400μmol/L The milk yield of the dairy cattle that have ketosis reduces approximately 3-5.3 L/day. Ketosis disease not only reduces milk yield of dairy cattle but also show negative effects on their reproductive efficiency. It is proven by research that the dairy cattle, which rapidly lose weight and get ketosis, experience reproductive efficiency problems. The invention which relates to feed supplement covered with by-pass fat in order to increase milk yield and reproductive efficiency eliminates mentioned disadvantages, prevents ketosis and hypocalcemia diseases and increases immune system and reproduction performances by means of the vitamins it contains.

In consideration of the information given above, it is very important to protect dairy cattle from the ketosis disease which is observed between weeks 2 to 6. Today, one of the treatments used for ketosis is dextrose treatment for increasing the blood glucose level. Thanks to this treatment, blood glucose level is increased again and as a result of this increase, insulin carries glucose from the blood to the tissues and fat mobilization is stopped. In the researches, it is seen that glucose administered directly from abomasum increases milk yield in dairy cattle. It is seen in another research that administering glucose increases blood glucose and blood insulin levels. Within the light of these researches, it is considered that a glucose form which can pass from rumen in early lactation without dissolving may increase milk yield and moreover, it may suppress negative energy balance. In addition to all of these, the niacin comprised in the product has features protecting liver and lowering BHBA amount in the blood.

Another important disease encountered in dairy cattle in early lactation period is hypocalcemia. Vitamin D added to the rations in order to provide protection from hypocalcemia reduced hypocalcemia incidence in dairy cattle. In this regard, vitamin D comprised in the product participates in this situation. Vitamins A and E comprised in the product are used in order to increase immune system and reproduction performances of the animals. Milk fat and rumen microorganisms are negatively affected by the fact that the amount of unsaturated fatty acids active in the rumen is plenty in the feed. The purpose of using by-pass fat in feeding highly productive dairy cattle is to prevent the fats from the effect of the microorganisms located in the rumen and provide their passage from omasum and to small intestine and their digestion there. These are saturated forms of free fatty acids or triglycerides, They contain high amounts of palmitic acid and stearic acid. As they have high dissolving points, they are prevented from being used in the rumen by being saturated. Fractionized fatty acids are also included in the saturated fats group. The most Important difference of these from hydrogenated fats is their saturated fatty acid structures. Hydrogenated and fractionized fats are preserved fats group obtained from fractions (partially or completely hydrogenated, esterif led) of animal or vegetable origin oils in solid or liquid form by special physical and chemical processing, The preserved fats used in feeding animals are mainly produced from palm oil acids. The production technologies of fractionized fats are relatively different from those of hydrogenated fats. As can be understood from the name, fractionized fats are obtained by fractioning by a special method (distillation of the raw material into layers) and being passed through standardization, cold spray and covering processes. They have more homogenous granular structure and lighter color. Although the hydrogenated and fractionized fats have lower digestibility due to the physical structure of the fatty acids they comprise and their bond structures, as they are treated with special chemical processes during their production, they have a homogenous granular structure and their smell does not have a negative effect on feed consumption, in terms of tastiness, fractionized fats are the better than the rest. Their most important characteristic is that they affect the milk fat more positively than the preserved fats. in consideration with the information provided above, the product comprises dextrose, niacin and vitamins A, D and E. Ail of these ingredients are covered with bypass fat, made indigestible in the rumen and the digestion thereof is provided to occur in the small intestine. The chemical content of one kilogram of the product is given below. The remaining amount is referred to as by-pass fat. GLUCOSE 400 g/kg NIACIN 8 g/kg V!T. A 30.000 1.U./kg V!T. D3 3.000 1.U./kg VIT. E 30 mg/kg