Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
FILTER CIRCUIT WITH A NOTCH FILTER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/154655
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A filter circuit comprises in a signal line a band filter (BF) allowing to let pass a useful frequency band and a notch filter (NF) circuited in series to the band filter for filtering out a stop band frequency. The notch filter comprises a series circuit of a number of parallel shunt elements (SE1... SE6) wherein each shunt element is shifted in frequency against the other shunt elements that the frequencies thereof are distributed (f1... F6) over a notch band. All shunt elements may be realized as a SAW one-port resonator (TRNF) including regions with different pitches.

Inventors:
HEIJNA, Roeland (Bosserheide 37, 5855 EB Well, 5855 EB, NL)
Application Number:
EP2019/051976
Publication Date:
August 15, 2019
Filing Date:
January 28, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
RF360 EUROPE GMBH (Anzinger Str. 13, München, 81671, DE)
International Classes:
H03H7/01; H03H9/145; H03H9/54; H03H9/64
Domestic Patent References:
WO2017149878A12017-09-08
WO2017073652A12017-05-04
Foreign References:
US20120188026A12012-07-26
US20140035702A12014-02-06
KR100860509B12008-09-26
US20040130411A12004-07-08
US20110102107A12011-05-05
JPH04132409A1992-05-06
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
EPPING HERMANN FISCHER PATENTANWALTSGESELLSCHAFT MBH (Schloßschmidstr. 5, München, 80639, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A filter circuit comprising in a signal line (SL)

- a band filter (BF) allowing to let pass a useful

frequency band and

- a notch filter (NF) circuited in series to the band

filter for filtering out a stop band frequency

wherein

- the notch filter comprises a series circuit of a number n of parallel shunt elements (SE) ,

- each shunt element ( SE1 , SE2 , .. SEn) being shifted in

frequency against the other shunt elements that all shunt elements are distributed over a notch band

- the notch filter (NF) provides the notch band (NB) .

2. The filter circuit of the foregoing claim

wherein the parallel shunt elements (SE) are chosen from resonators (R) circuited in parallel to the signal line (SL) wherein each shunt element has a small admittance of about 1/n times the admittance of a normal notch filter (NF) where n is the number of shunt elements.

3. The filter circuit of the foregoing claim

wherein the parallel shunt elements (SE) are chosen from resonators (R) operating with acoustic waves.

4. The filter circuit of the foregoing claim

wherein the parallel shunt elements (SE) comprise a one-port

SAW resonator.

5. The filter circuit of one of the foregoing claims, wherein the notch filter (NF) comprises a single one-port SAW resonator having a transducer with two bus bars and a number of transducer fingers alternatingly connected to one of the two bus bars

wherein a finger distance between the centers of two adjacent transducer fingers defines a stop band frequency within the notch band (NB)

wherein the transducer of the one-port SAW resonator

comprises a number of different finger distances

(dl, .. dx, .. dn) and hence a number of n different shunt elements with respective stop band frequencies.

6. The filter circuit of the foregoing claim

wherein the transducer comprises each finger distance only one time such that each pair of adjacent fingers has a different distance.

7. A PAMiD frontend module (FEM) comprising the filter circuit of one of the foregoing claims, a power amplifier (PA) and a matching circuit, wherein a further filter circuit operating in a neighbored band is part of the PAMiD frontend module or of a different device operating together with the PAMiD frontend module

wherein the notch band (NB) is centered on the neighbored band .

8. The PAMiD frontend module of the foregoing claim,

wherein the filter circuit and the further filter circuit are band pass filters and are part of a duplexer or a

multiplexer, wherein the notch band (NB) assigned to a filter circuit is centered at the useful frequency band of the respective other filter circuit of the duplexer or

multiplexer .

9. The PAMiD frontend module of the foregoing claim, wherein the filter circuit is a Tx filter of a duplexer wherein the notch band (NB) complies with the useful band of the Rx filter of the same duplexer.

Description:
Description

Filter circuit with a notch filter

In cellular communications a system consisting of a PA, PA- matching and TX filter (e.g., a SAW duplexer) or in a

respective frontend modules the isolation within the stop band may be too bad to comply with given specification of a specified frequency band. Hence additional measures have to be taken to improve the isolation between different bands.

A known method for doing so is to include a notch filter in the signal path that filters out a specific frequency to create a pole in the filter transfer function. Usually one notch filter is filtering out just one single frequency and is thus useful for attenuating just one spurious signal and improves the isolation at one specific frequency only.

Introducing any further notch would unduly enhance the series resistance thereby producing losses what is not desired.

It is an object of the invention to improve the isolation between different frequency bands that are operating

simultaneous in standard frontend modules without causing too much additional loss.

This and other objects are met by a filter circuit according to claim 1. Further embodiments including advantageous features are given by dependent claims.

The idea is to provide a notch filter for filtering out a stop band frequency. The notch filter is circuited in series to a band filter and comprises a series circuit of a number of parallel shunt elements. The shunt elements are mutually shifted in frequency and hence, provide a number stop band frequencies that are distributed over a notch band. This results in a notch filter having a broad notch band according to the distribution of the single stop band frequencies.

None of the shunt element needs or does provide a substantial pole in the transfer function of the filter for sufficiently for filtering out a stop band frequency. However the sum of the small shunt elements, each of them providing a small notch, yields an improved isolation over a substantial broad band. It is possible to adjust the isolation by setting a proper admittance for each shunt element and by selecting a useful number and distribution of shunt elements.

The total admittance of the notch filter is selected and set at a value comparable to that of a known shunt element but is distributed over the number of shunt elements. Hence, the total additional impedance added by the notch filter is only small and does not extend the impedance of a known notch filter e.g. realized by a single shunt element.

As preferred shunt element resonators can be used that are circuited in parallel to the signal line. Any kind of

resonator is possible. Preferred resonators are realized in the same technology like the filter circuit. Preferred shunt elements are chosen from resonators operating with acoustic waves. If the band filter is a SAW filter the resonator may be a SAW resonator. Accordingly BAW resonators and LC

resonators may be used in the case of BAW filters or LC filters respectively.

According to an embodiment the parallel shunt elements comprise a one-port SAW resonator. More preferably the notch filter comprise a single one-port SAW resonator only having a transducer with two bus bars and a number of transducer fingers alternatingly connected to one of the two bus bars. A finger distance between the centers of two adjacent

transducer fingers defines a stop band frequency within the notch band. In the one-port resonator there are provided a number of different finger distances each providing a shunt elements with a respective stop band frequency.

Each of the shunt elements is comprised by a low number of fingers only.

According to a preferred embodiment each finger distance is present only once in the single one-port resonator. Hence, each pair of adjacent fingers has a different distance.

The filter circuit may comprise acoustic filters like SAW or BAW filters. The acoustic filters may be part a duplexer, diplexer or a higher multiplexer like a quadplexer.

The band filter may be a band pass, a high pass or a low pass. A preferred application of the filter circuit is a Tx filter, e.g. within a duplexer that needs an improved Rx isolation. Here the notch filter is set to a notch band centered at the according Rx frequencies that are usually located in a neighbored band.

The band filter may comprise a DMS filter, a reactance filter in a ladder type or lattice type arrangement, an LC filter or a hybrid filter that combines two partial filters using different technologies. The filter circuit can be used in a wireless fronted module for cellular mobile devices e.g. a wireless Power RF PAMiD fronted module. With the filter circuit used in such module it is possible to adjust a TX RX notch filter element in such a way that the total RX isolation in the system is maximum.

Within the PAMiD fronted module the notch band can be centered at the useful frequency band of a respective other filter circuit comprised in and operated by the frontend module. Alternatively the other filter circuit may be a separate circuit operating together with the PAMiD fronted module

In the following the filter circuit is explained in more detail by reference to specific embodiments and the

accompanied figures. The figures are schematic only and not to scale.

Figure 1 shows a filter circuit of the art;

Figure 2 shows the transfer curve of the filter circuit of

Figure 1;

Figure 3 shows a filter circuit according to an embodiment;

Figures 4A and 4B show the transfer curve of the filter

circuit of Figure 3;

Figure 5 shows a transducer that can be used as a shunt

resonator in the embodiment of Figure 3;

Figure 6 shows a frontend module comprising a filter circuit according to figure 3. Figure 1A shows a known filter circuit according to the art comprising a band filter BF, and a notch filter NF circuited in series within a signal line SL. The band filter BF may be embodied as a band pass filter. The notch filter N comprises a shunt element SE circuited in parallel to the signal line SL. As shown in Figure IB the notch filter may comprise a one-port SAW resonator R having a resonance frequency fo. Due to circuiting the resonator R as a shunt element resonance frequency fo complies with a single stop band frequency.

Figure 2 shows the transfer curve of the filter circuit of Figure 1. In the example the band pass filter BF is a Tx filter and the pass band complies with the Tx band. The respective Rx band is located above the Tx band. In the figure the required Rx isolation of the Tx filter is depicted as rectangle. Graph 1 of Figure 2 shows the transfer curve and the dotted line of graph 2 depicts a transfer curve of the same filter circuit but without a notch filter. It is shown that curve 2 is unsatisfactory and the required

isolation like in curve 1 can only be achieved with a notch filter NF. However, the isolation below the pole created by the stop band frequency fo of the notch could possibly be improved .

Figure 3 shows a filter circuit according to an embodiment of the invention. The filter circuit comprises a band filter BF, and a notch filter NF circuited in series within a signal line SL. Different to Figure 1 the presented notch filter NF comprises a series of parallel shunt elements SI to S6. Each of the shunt elements is assigned to a different stop band frequency fl to f6. The notch filter can be construed by a series of small notches of low admittance each of which would be insufficient to create a useful pole in the transfer curve (admittance curve S21) . However, when circuited together in parallel the total notch filter NF creates broad notch band NB3 as can be seen from curve 3 in Figure 4B that is an enlarged cut-out of Figure 4A in the Rx region. For reference only depicted curve 1 complies with a curve 1 achieved from a filter circuit according to figure 1 and shown in figure 2.

As can be seen a new notch band NB3 is created being broader than the pole N f o according to a "notch band" NB1 as achieved by a known filter according to Figure 1.

Curve 3 shows an improved isolation at frequencies below the pole of curve 1 according to the art. Thereby the isolation for the whole Rx band is improved as the maximum of the attenuation curve 1 (worst attenuation) is higher (worse) than the maximum of the attenuation curve 3. As a result the high attenuation of a single pole originating from a notch filter of the art is diminished if favor of broad attenuation with no disturbing maximum.

Figure 5 shows a transducer TR NF of a SAW one-port resonator R that can be used as a notch filter NF in the embodiment of the filter circuit of Figure 3. The transducer has two bus bars with interdigitated transducer fingers alternatingly connected to the two bus bars. Each two adjacent transducer finger have a center to center finger distance d. The

transducer TR NF comprises a series of n different finger distances dl to dn and each occurring finger distance is assigned to a respective stop band frequency of the notch filter NF and creates a small pole in the transfer curve. The finger distances dl to dn and the according stop band

frequency thereof are mutually shifted by the same amount and hence are uniformly distributed. Figure 6 shows a frontend module FEM comprising a filter circuit according to figure 3. Here, the band filter is embodied as a Tx filter TxF of a duplexer. The according Rx filter RxF is connected with the Tx filter TxF to form a duplexer operating in the according Rx and Tx band. The notch filter NF is placed between power amplifier PA and Tx filter

TxF.

List of used terms and reference symbols

BF band filter

dl , dx, dn finger distances between the centers of two adjacent transducer fingers

fo stop band frequency of single notch filter fl to f6 stop band frequencies of SE1 to SE6

FEM PAMiD frontend module

N notch

NB notch band

NF notch filter

PA power amplifier

R one port SAW resonator

R resonator

RxF Rx filter

SE1 to SE 6 shunt elements

SL signal line

TR transducer having

TxF Tx filter

1

2 admittance of a common filter

3 admittance of a

band pass filter

bus bars

duplexer or multiplexer

filter circuit

further filter circuit

matching circuit

neighbored band

parallel shunt elements

stop band frequency

useful frequency band