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Title:
FINE GRAINED CEMENTED CARBIDE POWDER MIXTURE WITH LOW SINTERING SHRINKAGE AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2010/096004
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture for cutting tool inserts for metal machining comprising WC-powder with a Scott density of 2.75 - 3.75 g/cm3 and a compacting density after dry pressing at 100 MPa within 8.8 - 9.8 g/cm3. The sintering shrinkage of the fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture is 16.8 to 17.9 % at a compacting pressure of 150 MPa. The present invention also relates to a method of making the powder mixture.

Inventors:
QVICK, Jan (Kvarnängsvägen 4, Virsbo, S-730 61, SE)
Application Number:
SE2010/050178
Publication Date:
August 26, 2010
Filing Date:
February 16, 2010
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SECO TOOLS AB (S- Fagersta, 737 82, SE)
QVICK, Jan (Kvarnängsvägen 4, Virsbo, S-730 61, SE)
International Classes:
C22C29/08; B22F1/00; C22C1/05; C22C29/00
Foreign References:
JP2006045601A2006-02-16
EP1043413A22000-10-11
Other References:
See also references of EP 2398927A1
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
CARLSSON, Lars-Åke (Sandvik Intellectual Property AB, Sandviken, S-811 81, SE)
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Claims:
Claims

1. Fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture for cutting tool inserts for metal machining c h a r a c t e r i s e d in that the WC-powder has a Scott density of 2.75 - 3.75 g/cm^ and a compacting density after dry pressing at 100 MPa within 8.8 - 9.8 g/cm^ and the sintering shrinkage of the fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture is 16.8 to 17.9 % at a compacting pressure of 150 MPa. 2. Fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture for cutting tool inserts for metal machining according to claim l c h a r a c t e r i s e d in comprising WC-powder with an FSSS grain size of 0.4 - 1.7 μm and 4-15 wt-% Co.

3. A method of making a fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture for cutting tool inserts for metal machining c h a r a c t e r i s e d in using a WC-powder with a Scott density of 2.75 - 3.75 g/cm^ and a compacting density after dry pressing at 100 MPa of 8.8 - 9.8 g/cm^.

4. A method of making a fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture for cutting tool inserts for metal machining according to claim 3 c h a r a c t e r i s e d in using a WC-powder with an FSSS grain size of 0.4 - 1.7 μm and 4-15 wt-% Co.

Description:
Fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture with low sintering shrinkage and method of making the same

The present invention relates to a fine grained ce- mented carbide powder with low sintering shrinkage, particularly useful for cutting tool inserts for turning, milling and drilling of metals and a method of making the same .

Cemented carbide is made by wet milling of powders forming hard constituents and binder phase to a slurry, drying the slurry generally by spray drying, tool pressing the dried powder to inserts of desired shape and finally sintering.

During sintering, the inserts shrink about 16-20 % linearly. The shrinkage depends on pressing pressure, WC grain size, grain size distribution and Co-content. Pressing tools are expensive to make and are therefore made for a standard shrinkage such as 17.5 %. The shrinkage is determined at a standard pressing pressure. If the shrinkage at the standard pressure is high, the pressing pressure at the predetermined shrinkage will be high. If the shrinkage at the standard pressure is low, the pressing pressure at the predetermined shrinkage will be low. A high pressing pressure is not desirable because of the risk of pressing cracks in the pressed bodies and abnormal wear and even risk of pressing tool failure including injuries to humans. A too low pressing pressure may lead to parts that are not fully dense after sintering. Moreover, dimensional control of the sintered part is facili- tated if the pressing pressure is kept within a certain interval. Inserts produced with a high pressing pressure often show edges with pressing cracks.

EP 1043413 discloses a method of making a cemented carbide with fine grained WC grain size with a low com- pacting pressure. The method consists in premixing all components except WC for about three hours, adding the WC powder and then finally milling for about ten hours.

EP 1749601 discloses a method of making a ready to press cemented carbide powder with low compaction pres- sure suitable for the production of fine grained cemented carbide. The method comprises using 1 - 3 wt-% pressing agent of the following composition, <90 wt-% PEG and 10 - 75 wt-% of blends of high molecular weight (C12 - <C20) saturated or unsaturated fatty acids, or salts thereof containing at least one element of Al, Ba, Ca, Co, Cr, Mg, N, Na, V, Zn.

EP 1739197 discloses a method of making cemented carbide at which powders forming hard constituents and powders forming binder phase are wet milled together with a pressing agent. A cemented carbide powder with a reduced compacting pressure at a predetermined weighing in of 18- shrinkage can be obtained by using from about 1 to about 3 wt-% pressing agent with the following composition: less than about 90 wt-% PEG and greater than about 10 wt- % of long chain C>=20 fatty acids, their esters and salts, in particular, erucic acid and/or behenic acid.

It has now surprisingly been found that a fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture with a reduced sintering shrinkage at a constant pressing pressure can be made from powder mixtures made of a tungsten carbide with a relatively high Scott density.

According to the invention there is now provided a fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture with desired low sintering shrinkage and excellent compacting properties for cutting tool inserts for metal machining comprising fine grained WC and 4 - 15 wt-% Co, preferably 5 - 14 wt-% Co, conventional pressing agents and possibly grain growth inhibitors such as <1 wt-% Cr, preferably 0.2-0.6 wt-% Cr and/or <1 wt-% V, preferably 0.2-0.6 wt-% V and/or <1 wt-% Ta and/or <1 wt-% Nb and/or <1 wt-% Ti.

The fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture has a sintering shrinkage of 16.8 to 17.9 %, preferably within 17.0 to 17.7 % at a compacting pressure of 150 MPa.

The WC-powder has an FSSS grain size in the range 0.4 - 1.7 μm, preferably 0.5 - 1.5 μm. It has a relatively high Scott density (ISO 3923 Part 2) of 2.75 - 3.75 g/cm 3 and a compacting density after dry pressing without pressing agent at 100 MPa within 8.8 - 9.8 g/cm 3 , preferably 8.9 - 9.5 g/cm 3 . The compacting density of the WC is determined by weighing and measuring the dimensions of the compacted body. The present invention also relates to a method of making a cemented carbide powder with low sintering shrinkage and excellent compacting properties for cutting tool inserts for metal machining comprising fine grained WC and 4 - 15 wt-% Co, preferably 5 - 14 wt-% Co, conventional pressing agents and possibly grain growth inhibitors such as <1 wt-% Cr, preferably 0.2-0.6 wt-% Cr and/or <1 wt-% V, preferably 0.2- 0.6 wt-% V and/or <1 wt-% Ta and/or <1 wt-% Nb and/or <1 wt- % Ti by means of the powder metallurgical techniques wet milling, dry pressing and sintering.

The WC-powder has an FSSS grain size in the range 0.4 - 1.7 μm, preferably 0.5 - 1.5 μm. It has a relatively high Scott density (ISO 3923 Part 2) of 2.75 - 3.75 g/cm 3 and a compacting density after dry pressing without pressing agent at 100 MPa within 8.8 - 9.8 g/cm 3 , preferably 8.9 - 9.5 g/cm 3 .

Example 1 Invention

A fine grained cemented carbide powder with the composi- tion WC - 6 wt-% Co, 0.3 wt-% Cr3C2, 2.0 wt-% PEG 3400 and 0.5 wt-% PEG 1500 was prepared. The Fisher Sub Sieve Sizer value of the WC was 0.82 μm, the Scott density was 2.87 g/cm 3 and the compacting density after dry pressing without pressing agent at 100 MPa was 9.04 g/cm 3 by weighing and measuring the dimensions of the compacted body.

The cemented carbide powder batch was spray dried and compacted to bodies with the approximate size 15x15x7 mm at the standard pressure 150 MPa. The bodies were sintered at 1430 0 C at standard sintering conditions. The ex- act dimensions of the bodies were determined before and after sintering.

The linear shrinkage of the bodies was 17.4 % and the coercivity was 24.7 kA/m.

Example 2 Prior Art

Example 1 was repeated with the exception that the WC had a Fisher Sub Sieve Sizer value of 0.81 μm, a Scott density of 2.31 g/cm 3 and a compacting density after dry pressing without pressing agent at 100 MPa of 8.44 g/cm 3 . The linear shrinkage of the bodies was 18.3 % and the coercivity was 24.9 kA/m.

Example 3 Invention Example 1 was repeated with the exception that the Co- content was 13 %.

The linear shrinkage of the bodies was 17.3 % and the coercivity was 18.2 kA/m.

Example 4 Prior Art

Example 3 was repeated with the exception that the WC had a Fisher Sub Sieve Sizer value of 0.81 μm, a Scott density of 2.31 g/cm^ and a compacting density after dry pressing without pressing agent at 100 MPa of 8.44 g/cm^. The linear shrinkage of the bodies was 18.3 % and the coercivity was 18.3 kA/m.

Example 5 Invention

A fine grained cemented carbide powder with the composi- tion WC - 6 wt-% Co, 0.2 wt-% TaC, 1.5 wt-% PEG 3400 and 0.5 wt-% PEG 1500 was prepared. The Fisher Sub Sieve Sizer value of the WC was 1.37 μm, the Scott density was 2.99 g/cm^ and the compacting density after dry pressing without pressing agent at 100 MPa was 9.15 g/cm^ by weighing and measuring the dimensions of the compacted body.

The cemented carbide powder batch was spray dried and compacted to bodies with the approximate size 15x15x7 mm at the standard pressure 150 MPa. The bodies were sintered at 1430 0 C at standard sintering conditions. The ex- act dimensions of the bodies were determined before and after sintering.

The linear shrinkage of the bodies was 17.2 % and the coercivity was 16.9 kA/m.

Example 6 Prior Art

Example 5 was repeated with the exception that the WC had a Fisher Sub Sieve Sizer value of 1.42 μm, a Scott density of 2.38 g/cm^ and a compacting density after dry pressing without pressing agent at 100 MPa of 8.40 g/cm^. The linear shrinkage of the bodies was 18.2 % and the coercivity was 16.7 kA/m.

Thus, Examples 1-6 show that the use of a fine grained WC-powder with a relatively high Scott density and compacting density gives a fine grained cemented carbide powder mixture with a low sintering shrinkage.