Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
FIRE-RETARDANT MATERIALS
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/201818
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A fire-retardant material comprising from 25 to 50 wt% base oil, from 0.5 to 2.5 wt% polymer, from 0.1 to 1.0 wt% antioxidant, and from 50 to 75 wt% flame retardant.

Inventors:
ALLEN, Scott William (6 Chawbrook Mews, EASTBOURNE East Sussex BN22 8HB, BN22 8HB, GB)
KARIMI, Mohamed (24 Bramshott Place, FLEET Hampshire GU51 4QF, GU51 4QF, GB)
CAI, Zhihong (24 Entwisle Avenue, URMSTON Manchester M41 5TW, M41 5TW, GB)
TORY, Ivan Alexander (5 Sheep Fair, LEWES East Sussex BN7 1QH, BN7 1QH, GB)
Application Number:
EP2019/059574
Publication Date:
October 24, 2019
Filing Date:
April 12, 2019
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
UNIGEL IP LIMITED (Registered : 26th Floor, Beautiful Group Tower 77 Connaught Road Central,CENTRAL, Hong Kong,Residential : UNIGEL House,7 Park View, Alder Close EASTBOURNE Sussex BN23 6QE, BN23 6QE, GB)
International Classes:
C09K21/02; C08K3/014; C08K3/016; C09K21/06; C09K21/14; C10M105/00; H01B7/295
Foreign References:
US20120129962A12012-05-24
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BODEN, Keith McMurray (FRY HEATH & SPENCE LLP, Unit A Faraday CourtFaraday Road, CRAWLEY West Sussex RH10 9PU, RH10 9PU, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A fire-retardant material comprising from 25 to 50 wt% base oil, from 0.5 to 2.5 wt% polymer, from 0.1 to 1.0 wt% antioxidant, and from 50 to 75 wt% flame retardant.

2. The material of claim 1, wherein the base oil is an iso-paraffinic white oil.

3. The material of claim 2, wherein the base oil is Risella X (RTM), optionally Risella X430 (RTM).

4. The material of claim 1, wherein the base oil is a hydro-treated neutral base oil.

5. The material of claim 4, wherein the base oil is Paraflex HT (RTM), optionally Paraflex HT100 (RTM).

6. The material of claim 1, wherein the base oil is a Group II base oil.

7. The material of claim 6, wherein the base oil is PURITY (RTM), optionally PURITY PC1810 (RTM).

8. The material of any of claims 1 to 7, wherein the polymer is a linear di-block co-polymer.

9. The material of claim 8, wherein the polymer is a styrene-based diblock co-polymer.

10. The material of claim 9, wherein the polymer is a di-block styrene ethylene/propylene co-polymer.

11. The material of claim 10, wherein the polymer is KRATON G1701 or G1702 (RTM).

12. The material of any of claims 1 to 7, wherein the polymer is a styrenic- based thermoplastic rubber.

13. The material of claim 12, wherein the polymer is SEPTON 1020 (RTM).

14. The material of any of claims 1 to 13, comprising from 0.1 to 0.5 wt% antioxidant.

15. The material of any of claims 1 to 14, wherein the antioxidant is a phenolic antioxidant having a molecular weight of from 400 g/mol to 1200 g/mol.

16. The material of claim 15, wherein the antioxidant is IRGANOX (RTM), optionally IRGANOX L115 (RTM).

17. The material of any of claims 1 to 16, wherein the flame retardant has an average particle size of from 2 to 10 mm, optionally from 2 to 6 mm.

18. The material of any of claims 1 to 17, wherein the flame retardant is a metal hydroxide, a metal oxide or a metal silicate, or a combination of one or more of a metal hydroxide, a metal oxide and a metal silicate.

19. The material of claim 18, wherein the flame retardant is aluminium hydroxide, optionally aluminium trihydroxide.

20. The material of claim 19, wherein the flame retardant is MARTINAL (RTM), optionally MARTINAL (RTM) ON904 or ON908.

21. The material of claim 18, wherein the flame retardant is calcium hydroxide.

22. A product incorporating the material of any of claims 1 to 21.

23. The product of claim 22, wherein the product is a cable, optionally a telecommunications cable.

Description:
FIRE-RETARDANT MATERIALS

The present invention relates to fire-retardant materials, in particular gels, such as for use in cables, especially telecommunications cables, for example, fiber-optic cables, and products formed therewith.

Various fire-retardant materials exist, such as the applicant's Unigel FR gels, but there is an increasing requirement for improved materials, both in terms of cost and performance, and in terms of compatibility with new product materials being developed.

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described hereinbelow, by way of example only.

The fire-retardant material comprises from 25 to 50 wt% base oil, from 0.5 to 2.5 wt% polymer, from 0.1 to 1.0 wt% antioxidant, and from 50 to 75 wt% flame retardant.

In one embodiment the base oil is an iso-paraffinic white oil, such as Risella X (RTM) (as supplied by Shell Deutschland Oil GmbH, Hamburg, Germany).

In a preferred embodiment the base oil is Risella X430 (RTM).

In one embodiment the base oil is a hydro-treated neutral base oil, such as Paraflex HT (RTM) (as supplied by Petro-Canada Lubricants Inc., Ontario, Canada).

In a preferred embodiment the base oil is Paraflex HT100 (RTM).

In another embodiment the base oil could be a Group II base oil, such as PURITY (RTM) (as supplied by Petro-Canada Lubricants Inc., Ontario, Canada). In another embodiment the base oil could be a Group II base oil, such as PURITY PC1810 (RTM).

In one embodiment the polymer is a linear di-block co-polymer.

In this embodiment the polymer is a styrene-based di-block co-polymer.

In this embodiment the polymer is a di-block styrene ethylene/propylene co polymer, such as K RATON G1701 or G1702 (RTM) (as supplied by Kraton Corporation, Houston, Texas), which is in the form of a powder.

In another embodiment the polymer could be a styrenic-based thermoplastic rubber, such as SEPTON 1020 (RTM) (as supplied by Kura ray Co., Ltd., Tokyo,

Japan).

In one embodiment the material comprises from 0.1 to 0.5 wt% antioxidant.

In this embodiment the antioxidant is a phenolic antioxidant having a molecular weight of from 400 g/mol to 1200 g/mol, such as IRGANOX (RTM) (as supplied by BASF GmbH, Ludwigshafen, Germany).

In a preferred embodiment the antioxidant is IRGANOX L115 (RTM).

In one embodiment the flame retardant is a metal hydroxide, a metal oxide or a metal silicate, or a combination of one or more of a metal hydroxide, a metal oxide and a metal silicate.

In one embodiment the flame retardant has an average particle size of from 2 to 10 mm, optionally from 2 to 6 mm.

In this embodiment the flame retardant is aluminium hydroxide, here aluminium trihydroxide, such as MARTINAL (RTM) (as supplied by Martinswerk GmbH, Bergheim, Germany). In a preferred embodiment the flame retardant is aluminium trihydroxide MARTINAL (RTM) ON904 or ON908.

In another embodiment the flame retardant could be calcium hydroxide.

In one preferred embodiment production of the fire-retardant material is done using mixers, here batch mixers, in two mixing phases using two separate process tanks.

In a first phase a master batch is prepared containing the base oil, the polymer and the antioxidant. In a second phase the master batch is mixed with the flame retardant.

In one embodiment the mixers are turbine and plough mixers.

In the process, in this embodiment for a 1850 kg batch, the following steps are performed:

Base Oil Preparation

1. A predetermined quantity of the base oil, in this embodiment 691.9 kg (37.4 wt%), is added to a heating vessel.

2. The heating vessel is heated to a first pre-set temperature, in this embodiment 90 °C.

3. A predetermined quantity of the anti-oxidant, in this embodiment 2.775 kg (0.5 wt%), is then added to the heating vessel.

4. The heating vessel is then heated to a second pre-set temperature, in this embodiment 110 °C. First Mixing Phase

5. The heated batch of the base oil and the anti-oxidant is then added to a first process vessel, which has a turbine mixer (Greaves GFLH 370, as supplied by Joshua Greaves & Sons Ltd, Bury, UK) and a shear mixer (Greaves GM25, as supplied by Joshua Greaves & Sons Ltd, Bury, UK).

6. A predetermined quantity of the polymer, in this embodiment 27.75 kg (1.5 wt%), is then added to the first process vessel.

7. The turbine and shear mixers are then set to operate at 45 Hz for a predetermined period, in this embodiment from 60 to 90 minutes, in order to achieve complete dissolution of the polymer, with the resulting material being in the form of a gel.

Second Mixing Phase

8. The gel is then added to a second process vessel, which is a plough shear mixer having a low-shear/high-shear setup (LDH-2, as supplied by Shengli Machinery Co, Ltd, Shanghai, China).

9. A predetermined quantity of the flame retardant, in this embodiment 1121.1 kg (60.6 wt%), is then added to the second process vessel.

10. The turbine and shear mixers are then set to operate at 45 Hz for a predetermined period, in this embodiment from 60 to 90 minutes, in order to achieve complete dissolution of the polymer, with the resulting material being in the form of a gel.

11. The plough shear mixer is first set to run at speed 1, with all dispensers running, for a predetermined period, in this embodiment about 60 minutes, until homogeneous.

12. The plough shear mixer is then set to run at speed 2, with an applied vacuum, for a predetermined period, in this embodiment about 30 minutes, until de-aerated.

The present invention will now be described with reference to the following non-limiting Examples.

Finally, it will be understood that the present invention has been described in its preferred embodiments and can be modified in many different ways without departing from the scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.