Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
FIRE OR SMOKE BARRIER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/103576
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A fire or smoke barrier (1) having a head box (2) for housing a curtain (4) which is open at its underside to allow the curtain to be deployed and withdrawn. The head box (2) houses a roller (3) for the curtain (4) to be rolled from for deployment and rolled back onto for withdrawal and attached at the bottom of the curtain (4) is a bottom bar (7) for weighing down the curtain (4) when deployed. The head box (2) has one or more apertures (14, 15) for cleaning air circulation and being provided at the, or each, aperture (14,15) with a spring (22) loaded trap (16,17) normally held open by a fusible link (31), the link fusing (31) in event of fire.

Inventors:
REED, James (22 Burney Road, Alverstoke Hampshire PO12 2QB, PO12 2QB, GB)
Application Number:
GB2016/053918
Publication Date:
June 22, 2017
Filing Date:
December 12, 2016
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
COOPERS FIRE LTD (Edward House, Penner Road, Havant Hampshire PO9 1QZ, PO9 1QZ, GB)
International Classes:
A62C2/10; A62C2/12; A62C2/18; A62C2/24; E06B9/13; E06B9/17
Domestic Patent References:
WO2014135863A12014-09-12
Foreign References:
DE202007015361U12008-02-28
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NIGEL BROOKS CPA (Hill Hampton, East Meon, Petersfield Hampshire GU32 1QN, GU32 1QN, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:

1. A smoke or fire barrier having a curtain comprising:

• a head box for housing the curtain, open at its underside to allow the

curtain to be deployed and withdrawn;

· a roller, housed in the head box, for the curtain to be rolled from for

deployment and rolled back onto for withdrawal; and

• a bottom bar attached to the bottom of the curtain for weighing down the curtain when deployed,

the head box having:

· one or more apertures for cleaning air circulation and being provided at the or each aperture with

• a spring loaded trap normally held open by a fusible link, the link fusing in event of fire.

2. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in claim 1 , including means for supplying clean filtered air to be circulated through the head box to keep the head box clean.

3. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, wherein there is only one aperture, in use clean air circulation being drawn into the head box via its opening as clean air from the clean room.

4. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, wherein there are two apertures, one for admission of clean air to the head box and the other for withdrawal of the air from the head box.

5. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in claim 4, wherein both apertures are provided with spring loaded fusible link traps.

6. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the or each aperture will be provided on the topside of the head box with the traps also fitted to the top of the box.

7. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein air ducts route the air to and from the apertures.

8. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in claim 7, wherein air duct end fittings are provided to enclose the traps.

9. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the air ducts will be connected to a clean air circulating system, typically including a filter such as a HEP A or ULPA filter.

10. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the fusible link will be such as to rupture between 57-150°C.

11. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the trap has a fixed guide, typically formed as a sheet metal pressing, for a moveable trap member, with a spring acting between the guide and the trap member.

12. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the spring loaded trap will include at least two springs.

13. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the guide has an upstand at one end with the trap having a complementary upstand and the, or a plurality of, springs acting between them.

14. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the guide has:

• an abutment for regulating the closed position in the trap; and/or

• an aperture complementary to the aperture on the head box; and/or

• C-shaped channels along its edges to guide the trap over the aperture.

IS. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the fusible link can be attached to the fixed guide and movable trap member.

16. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the fusible link can be formed of two portions attached by a fusible material, one portion being attached to the guide and the other portion attached to the trap member to allow closure of the trap member on sufficient temperature rise,

• the two portions of the fusible link are normally held together, but on

sufficient temperature rise, the material will melt, releasing the portions of the fusible link and allowing the trap member to close the aperture in the head box.

17. A smoke or fire barrier as claimed in claim 16, wherein the portions can be held together by a material having a low melting point range typically between 57-150°C.

Description:
FIRE OR SMOKE BARRIER

The present invention relates to a fire or smoke barrier more particularly, but not exclusively, for a clean room.

Fire and smoke barriers typically comprise:

• a head box for housing a curtain, open at its underside to allow the curtain to be deployed and withdrawn;

• a roller, housed in the head box, for the curtain to be rolled from for

deployment and rolled back onto for withdrawal; and

• a bottom bar attached to the bottom of the curtain for weighing down the curtain when deployed.

Normally, the bottom bar closes the open bottom of the head box when the curtain is wound up.

A clean room is an environment with a low level of environmental pollutants such as dust, airborne microbes, aerosol particles, and chemical vapours. Clean rooms are used extensively in semiconductor manufacturing, biotechnology, the life sciences, and other fields that are very sensitive to environmental contamination. Entire manufacturing facilities can be contained within a clean room with factory floors covering thousands of square meters. A clean room has a controlled level of contamination that is generally controlled by a filtration system. The air entering a clean room from the outside is filtered to exclude dust and the air inside is constantly recirculated through high-efficiency particulate air (HEP A) and/or ultra-low particulate air (ULPA) filters to remove internally generated contaminants.

The object of the present invention is to provide a fire or smoke barrier that is suitable for use in clean room.

According to the invention there is provided a smoke or fire barrier comprising:- • a head box for housing a curtain, open at its underside to allow the curtain to be deployed and withdrawn;

• a roller, housed in the head box, for the curtain to be rolled from for

deployment and rolled back onto for withdrawal; and

· a bottom bar attached to the bottom of the curtain for weighing down the curtain when deployed,

the head box having

• one or more apertures for cleaning air circulation and being provided at the or each aperture with

· a spring loaded trap normally held open by a fusible link, the link fusing in event of fire.

With the barrier installed in a clean room, to avoid contamination from within the head box passing into the clean room, clean filtered air can be circulated through the head box to reduce the need for a person to clean inside the head box. The air circulated via apertures can keep the head box clean. It is to avoid the aperture(s) providing a fire route that the fusible trap(s) are provided.

Whilst we can envisage that a single aperture only might be provided, for instance where the cleaning air circulation is drawn into the head box via its opening as clean air from the clean room, we prefer to provide two apertures one for admission of the clean air to the head box and the other for withdrawal of this cleaning air from the head box, both being provided with spring loaded fusible link traps. Normally, the aperture will be provided on the topside of head box with the traps also fitted to the top of the box. Air duct end fittings can be provided to enclose the traps route the air to and from the apertures. The ducts will be connected to a clean air circulating system, typically including a filter such as a HEPA or ULPA filter. The design of the system per se will be within the capabilities of the skilled reader and will not be described further. Normally the fusible link will be such as to rupture between 57-150°C. The trap can have a fixed guide, typically formed as a sheet metal pressing, for a moveable trap member, with a spring acting between the guide and the trap member. Typically the spring loaded trap will include at least two springs. The guide can have an upstand at one end with the trap having a complementary upstand and the, or a plurality of, springs acting between them. The guide can have an abutment for regulating the closed position in the trap. The guide can have an aperture

complementary to the aperture on the head box. The guide can have C-shaped channels along its edges to guide the trap over the aperture. The fusible link can be attached to the fixed guide and movable trap member.

The fusible link can be formed of two portions attached by a fusible material, one portion being attached to the guide and the other portion to the trap member to allow closure of the trap member on sufficient temperature rise. The portions can be held together by a material having a low melting point range typically between 57-150 ° C. The two portions of the fusible link are normally held together, but on sufficient temperature rise, the material will melt, releasing the portions of the fusible link and allowing the trap member to close the aperture in the head box.

To help understanding of the invention, a specific embodiment thereof will now be described by way of example and with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a front view of a fire and smoke barrier according to the present invention;

Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view on the line II-II in Figure 1 of the head box of the barrier of Figure 1 ;

Figure 3 is a perspective view similar to Figure 2 at line III-III of Figure 1;

Figure 4 is a perspective view of a spring loaded trap shown open in Figure 3;

Figure 5 is a perspective view of the spring loaded trap when closed ;

Figure 6 is a cross-sectional plan view on the line VI-VI of a side guide of the barrier of Figure 1 ; and

Figure 7 is a similar view of the side guide open for cleaning. Referring to the drawings, a smoke or fire barrier 1 has a head box 2, mounted in use in a ceiling C at a building aperture A. A roller 3 is arranged in the head box 2 and has a curtain 4 rolled onto it. The curtain extends through an opening 5 in the bottom 6 of the head box which is flush with the ceiling. Normally a bottom bar 7 closes the opening. The roller incorporates a motor and brake for controlling unrolling of the curtain to the floor under the weight of the bottom bar and rewinding. The barrier is conventional in this respect and its conventional features will not be described further. In accordance with the invention, the head box 2 is provided with two air duct end fittings 1 1 ,12 for passing clean air into and out of it for purging it of any contaminants, which might otherwise accumulate in it. The head box has apertures 14,15 for air to pass from the fittings to its interior. Remote from the fittings non- shown ducts and conventional means for the supply of clean, filtered air are provided. These apertures, the fittings and indeed ducts provide a potential route for fire to pass into the clean room in which the barrier is installed.

At each aperture, a respective spring loaded trap 16,17 is provided with a fusible link, whereby normally the head box can have clean air circulated through it, but in event of fire the apertures are closed.

Each spring loaded trap 16,17 has a fixed guide 20, typically formed as a sheet metal pressing, for a moveable trap member 21, with two springs 22 acting between the guide 20 and the trap member 21. The guide 20 has an upstand 23 at one end with the trap 21 having a complementary upstand 24 and the springs 22 acting between them. The guide 20 also has an abutment 25 for regulating the closed position 26 in the trap 16,17. The guide has an aperture 27 aligned with the respective apertures 14,15 in the head box 2. The guide 20 extends across the width 28 of the head box and is located by down-turned flanges 29 fixed to the head box. It includes C-shaped channels 30 along its edges to guide the movable member 21 as it closes the apertures. The channels and the upstands locate the air duct end fittings.

The fusible link 31 extends between respective studs 32,33 attached to the fixed guide 20 and movable trap member 21 and normally holds the trap member from closing the apertures. It is formed of two portions 34,35 attached by a fusible material 36, having a low melting point range typically between 57-150°C. On temperature rise due to fire, the material 36 melts, releasing the portions 34,35 of the fusible link 10 and allowing the trap member to close the respective apertures 14,15 in the head box 2 and the aperture 27 on the spring loaded trap 16, 17.

At the sides of the building aperture A, side guides 41 ,42 are provided for retaining the edges of the curtain when deployed by engagement with conventional edge studs or the like not shown. The side guides have in-turned lips 43 for this purpose. These extend from flanges 44 defining with an inner web a U-section channel, down which the respective edges of the curtain pass on deployment. The flanges are each divided into outer and inner strips 441,442 with a hinge 45 between them extending the height of the guides, with springs 46 biasing the outer strips to take up a position with the interned lips parted just sufficiently for the curtain to deploy.

For periodic cleaning of the side guides, they can be hinged open and swabbed down.