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Title:
FIXING DEVICES FOR A CONTAINER OF A CANDLE, LIMITING THE MOVEMENT OF A WICK HOLDER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/130086
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Containers which contain flammable materials, wicks and other elements are used for the production of a candle. Typically containers of non-flammable materials such as glass, aluminum (or other metal), ceramics, etc. are used for the production of a candle. In order to produce a container of the candle of the flammable materials it is necessary to ensure that when the flammable material of a candle moves into a liquid state, a candle wick will not be able to get close to a wall of the container or other elements of the container at a distance, for which there is a real threat to a wall or a container to ignite. This description provides a fixing device formed at the junction of a wall and a bottom of the container of the candle, for which a wick with its holder cannot get close to a wall of the container. Such structural solution is simple and inexpensive to implement in the production process, the solution does not interfere with the candle burning. Moreover, when using this solution, it is ensured greater strength of the container of the candle, the stability of the structure.

Inventors:
IGARIS, Gintautas (Kretingos str. 43, Kartena, Kretingos raj., LT-97353, LT)
Application Number:
IB2017/050308
Publication Date:
August 03, 2017
Filing Date:
January 20, 2017
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UAB ''GERALDA'' (Kretingos str. 43, Kartena, Kretingos raj., LT-97353, LT)
International Classes:
F21V35/00; F23D3/34
Domestic Patent References:
WO1996021124A11996-07-11
Foreign References:
FR2626961A11989-08-11
EP2930421A12015-10-14
GB2337813A1999-12-01
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ZABOLIENE, Reda (Gyneju str. 16, LT- Vilnius, LT- 01109, LT)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1 . A candle with a container (1 ) that contains a flammable material, which melts when the candle burns and turned into a liquid state rises upwards by the wick and ignites at the highest point of the wick

characterized in that it has fixing devices located at the junction of the wall (4) and the bottom (5) of the container of the candle (1 ) ensuring the distance between the wick holder (3) and the wall (4), preventing the wick holder (3) to get too close to the wall (4) that may ignite.

2. The fixing device (2) located in the container of the candle (1 ) according to claim 1 , characterized in that it is shaped like a plate, one side of which is common with the wall (4) of the container (1 ) and the other side of the fixing device (2) is common with the bottom (5) of the container (1 ).

3. The fixing device (2) located in the container of the candle (1 ) according to claim 1 -2, characterized in that one of the limit points of the one side in contact with a bottom (5), coincides with the line, formed by a junction of a wall (4) and bottom (5) of the container (1 ); the other point of the side is on the imaginary line which joins the mentioned point of the junction of the wall (4) and the bottom (5) to the center of the bottom (5).

4. The fixing device (2) located in the container of the candle (1 ) according to claim 1 -3, characterized in that the side of the fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the candle resembles a straight line connecting the side (4) and the bottom (5) of the container (1 ) (Fig. 4).

5. The fixing device (2) located in the container of the candle (1 ) according to claim 1 -3, characterized in that the side of the fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the candle resembles a concave arc where the concavity oriented towards the angle of the wall (4) and bottom (5) of the container (1 ), i.e. the radius of the arc, extending from the arc to the center of the arc is oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) (Fig. 5).

6. The fixing device (2) located in the container of the candle (1 ) according to claim 1 -3, characterized in that the side of the fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the candle resembles a concave arc oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) (Fig. 6).

7. The fixing device (2) located in the container of the candle (1 ) according to claim 1 -3, characterized in that the side of the fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the candle recalls a concave arc oriented towards the angle of the wall of the container (1 ) and the bottom (5), however, the side at the junction of the arc with the wall (4) and the bottom (5) has an almost right-angle turn to the outside of the container (1 ) and then one end connects with a wall (4) and the other end connects with the bottom (5) (Fig. 7 ).

8. The fixing device (2) located in the container of the candle (1 ) according to claims 1 -3, characterized in that the side of the fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the candle recalls a cross-sectional shape of stairs, and the potential number of stairs is one, two, three, or other (Fig. 8), (Fig. 9).

9. The fixing device (2) located in the container of the candle (1 ) according to claims 1 -3, characterized in that the side of the fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the candle forms a step (stair) at the bottom (5), then it orients towards the wall (4) of the container (1 ) with a 45 ° angle or close to it which is formed by the part of the wall (4) between the bottom (5) and the junction of the side of the fixing device (2) and (the side of the fixing device 2) (Fig. 10).

10. The fixing device (2) located in the container of the candle (1 ) according to claims 1 -3, characterized in that the side of the fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the candle forms a step (stair) at the bottom (5), then the horizontal part of the step (stair), parallel to the bottom (5) of the container (1 ), changes to the concave arc, wherein the radius of the arc extending from the arc to the center of the arc is directed to the inside of the container (1 ) (Fig. 1 1 ).

Description:
FIXING DEVICES FOR A CONTAINER OF A CANDLE, LIMITING THE MOVEMENT OF A WICK HOLDER

THE FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to the field of candle production and, more specifically, to a structural element of a container of the candle that limits the movement of a wick.

THE STATE OF ART

When producing a container of the candle of flammable materials, it is necessary to eliminate the possibility for the container to ignite. The most likely cause of ignition of the container of the candle is that a wick holder, in which the wick is embedded, moves to a wall of the container. A wall of the container can lignite from the direct flame. When moving or transferring a candle, the wick holder can move to the wall of the container when the flammable candle material becomes a liquid state. One of solutions to this problem is to prevent the wick holder with the flaming wick to get close to the wall of the container at a dangerous distance.

After a review of solutions to this problem in patent documents, it is found US20030064340A1 document, published on April 3, 2003. It provides the solution when the wick is embedded in a disc-shaped base, and the base is made of nonflammable material. Any constructive solutions to ensure the correct distance between the wick and walls of the container are not provided. The size of a disc, which is attached to the wick, does not enable to judge the possibility for the wick to get close to the wall of the container. Also to produce a wick base, the material, which increases the costs for the production of candles, is used.

The patent EP1232588B1 (published on October 1 5, 2003) provides a solution where at the bottom of the container of the candle the recess, into which a wick base is placed, is formed. The mentioned recess is slightly recessed, that does not ensure that a wick base will not be able to move outside the bounds of the recess when the flammable material becomes a liquid state. If you make a deep recess, the container of the candle loses stability, the filling volume of the flammable material reduces; moreover high edges of the recess may be in close proximity to the flame and flame up.

WO2003064921 A3 document published on January 22, 2004) provides the solution where the container of the candle has a plate with a hole through which the wick is put and thus the movement of a wick is limited. This method of candle production results in higher costs for production (production of the plate, putting) when the flammable material remains little, the plate limits the possibility for the flammable material to freely move to the wick.

FR2626961 A1 document (published on August 1 1 , 1989) and W09621 124A1 documents (published on March 18, 1998) provides the solution where sharp projections which effectively can prevent the change of the wick position when the flammable material remains little and it is in the liquid state, are formed at a bottom of the container of the candle. However, such projections are difficult to produce, when the candle ends to burn, they themselves appear very close to the flame, which could lead to ignition.

Summarizing the field of art, it can be said that in order to solve the problem of the change of the wick position, when the flammable material becomes a liquid state, disadvantages which are faced are the following:

provided solutions do not ensure a fixed wick position, which would not lead to ignition of the container of the candle;

provided solutions inefficiently, irrationally increases the costs for candle production;

provided solutions interfere with the process of candle burning;

measures, limiting the change of the wick position can easily lignite. Further this description provides the solution, which avoids the above mentioned disadvantages, besides it imparts the additional strength to the container of the candle.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

For the production of a container of the candle which contains flammable materials, wicks and other elements are used. Typically for the production of a container of the candle non-flammable materials such as glass, aluminum (or other metal), ceramics, etc. are used. In order to produce a container of the candle of flammable material it is necessary to ensure that when the flammable material of a candle moves into a liquid state, a candle wick will not be able to get close to a wall of the container or other elements of the container at a distance, for which there is a real threat to a wall or a container to ignite.

This description provides a fixing device formed in the junction of a wall and a bottom of the container of the candle, for which a wick with its holder cannot get close to the wall of the container. Such structural solution is simple and inexpensive to implement in the production process, the solution does not interfere with the candle burning. Moreover when using this solution, it is ensured greater strength of the container of the candle, the stability of the structure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional view of a candle when a wick holder (3) is leant to a fixing device (2).

Fig. 2 is a cross-sectional view of a candle when a wick holder (3) is on the top of fixing devices (2).

Fig. 3 is a top view of a candle: on the left side a wick holder (3) is located in its normal position; on the right side a wick holder (3) is leant to a fixing device (2).

Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a candle (on the left) and a cross-sectional magnified view of the fixing device (2) (on the right). An embodiment where a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) recalls a straight flat line.

Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view of a candle (on the left) and a cross-sectional magnified view of the fixing device (2) (on the right). An embodiment where a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) resembles a concave arc.

Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a candle (on the left) and the lock (2) a cross- sectional magnified view (on the right). An embodiment where a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) resembles a convex arc.

Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a candle (on the left) and the lock (2) a cross- sectional magnified view (on the right). An embodiment where a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) resembles an arc with side end turns towards the place of intersection.

Fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a candle (on the left) and the lock (2) a cross- sectional magnified view (on the right). An embodiment where a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) resembles a stepped line. Fig. 9 is a cross-sectional view of a candle (on the left) and a cross-sectional magnified view of the fixing device (2) (on the right). An embodiment where a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) resembles a stepped line.

Fig. 10 is a cross-sectional view of a candle (on the left) and a cross-sectional magnified view of the fixing device (2) (on the right). An embodiment where a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) resembles a stepped line together with a straight flat line.

Fig. 1 1 is a cross-sectional view of a candle (on the left) and a cross-sectional magnified view of the fixing device (2) (on the right). An embodiment where a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) resembles a stepped line together with a concave arc.

In figures, the following items are marked: (1 ) - a container of the candle, (2) - a fixing device, (3) - a wick holder, (4) - a wall of the container (1 ), (5) - a bottom of the container (1 ).

THE PREFFERED EMBODIMENTS

In this description the term "holder" shall be understood as an element, the base into which a wick is attached with its lower part.

A flammable material of the candle is put in the container (1 ) that when the candle is burning, a flammable material does not escape into the environment when it reaches the melting temperature and melts and becomes a liquid state. Typically, container of the candles (1 ) are made of fire-resistant materials, such as aluminum (or other metal), ceramics, glass. Often materials which are much easier, cheaper, and friendlier to the environment or for other reasons can be used for the production of container of the candles (1 ), however, not always such materials have the required fire resistance. On the other hand, when a candle is burning, the fire resistance is not a constantly required feature of the container (1 ). If the candle is burning in a windless environment, the container (1 ) is immobilized or the position of the flame and the container (1 ) is not changed in any way, if for the production of the container (1 ) extremely flammable, easily ignitable material is not used, typically, structural elements of the container (1 ) are at a safe distance from the flame that the temperature of the container (1 ) does not reach a temperature for which the container (1 ) can self-ignite or catch fire due to other causes, such as ignition at contact with a direct fire, ignition when melting or otherwise.

The lower part of a candle wick is usually fixed in a wick holder (3), a wick with its holder (3) is put in a container of the candle (1 ); a wick is surrounded by flammable materials. A solid state flammable material also holds a wick from moving.

When all the flammable material is in the liquid state in order to prevent moving of the wick holder (3) in the container (1 ), a wick holder (3) can be mounted to the bottom (5) of the container of the candle (1 ). There are at least the following types of mounting:

chemical type, when the wick holder (3) is mounted to the bottom (5) of the container (1 ) with glue or other chemicals. This is a convenient way to produce, but the adhesive material must be extremely resistant to heat, to be able to demonstrate good adhesion to the hard bonding surfaces (metal, glass, etc.), for this reason it can be expensive, environmentally unfriendly, with inadequate security,

mechanical type when the moving of a wick holder (3) is limited by making elements, projections, recesses or the like in the bottom (5) of the container (1 ) or in the wick holder (3) itself which interfere with the free movement of a wick holder (3). In this case, optimal arrangement, size, shape of elements is required, otherwise the element may not provide a sufficient barrier, not hold the movement of a holder (3) or, conversely, to be too high, which could result in an additional threat to for the stopping element to ignite; a stopping element can be inconvenient to produce.

This description provides a fixing device (2) which is a candle element stopping a wick holder (3) (Fig. 3) formed at the junction of a wall (4) and a bottom (5) of a container of the candle (1 ). Mostly a perpendicular cross section of the junction of a bottom (5) and a wall (4) of the candle resembles a steep angle or one similar to it. The fixing device (2) is shaped like a plate, of which one of three dimensions is negligible in comparison with the other two dimensions. One side of the fixing device

(2) reaches the inside of a wall (4) of a container of the candle (1 ), and the other side with is adjacent with that side reaches the inside of a bottom (5) of a container of the candle (1 ). Mentioned sides of the wall (4) and bottom (5) are firmly attached. In other embodiments, a fixing device (2), a wall (4) and a bottom (5) consists of a single material. The other side of a fixing device (2) is oriented to the inside of the container of the candle (1 ). Various shapes of this side are possible.

In one of embodiments (Fig. 4) a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of a candle resembles a straight line connecting a side (4) and a bottom (5) of a container (1 ). In this case, the fixing device (2) is shaped like a triangle.

In other embodiment, a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of a candle resembles a concave arc (Fig. 5) concavity is oriented towards an angle of a wall (4) and a bottom (5) of the container (1 ) e.g. arc radius extending from the arc to the arc center is oriented to the inside of a container (1 ). The arc may be irregular in shape. The fixing device (2) is shaped as a rounded angle of a wall (4) and a bottom (5) of the container (1 ) e.g. at the fixing device (2), a wall (4) and a bottom (5) of the container (1 ) does not form a right angle, and resembles a rounded, concave shape.

In other embodiment, a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of a candle which resembles a convex arc (Fig. 6), oriented to the inside of the container (1 ). A side resembles a circular arc of which radius extending out from the arc to the center of the arc is directed to the outside of the container (1 ). Mentioned arc may be irregular in shape.

In other embodiment, a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of a candle which resembles a convex arc (Fig. 7), towards an angle of a wall (4) and a bottom (5) of the container (1 ), however, a side at the junction of a wall (4) and the bottom (5) has an almost right-angle turn to the outside of the container (1 ) and then one end connects with a wall (4), and the other end connects with a bottom (5). Each ends of the side connected with a bottom (5) or a wall (4) is at right angle or very close.

In other embodiment, a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of a candle resembles a cross sectional shape of steps (stairs) (Fig. 8). The end of the side forms a right angle or close to it with a bottom (5) of the container (1 ) a side oriented to the inside of the container (1 ) which is parallel or nearly parallel to the wall (4) of the container (1 ), and changes its direction to a right angle or very close to it towards the wall (4) of the container (1 ), then it becomes parallel or approximately parallel to the bottom (5) of the container (1 ) and perpendicular to the wall (4) of the container (1 ). Then it repeats a described change of a direction, thereby forming a shape of a side resembling steps (stairs). The potential number of steps is one, two (Fig. 9), three, or different. Mentioned stepped cross section may have rounded angles

In other embodiment (Fig. 10), a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of a candle comprises a compound of the described cases, when at the bottom (5) of the container (1 ) a side forms a step, and then is oriented towards the wall (4 ) of the container (1 ) with either 45 0 angle or close to it which is formed by the part of the wall

(4) located between the junction of the bottom (5) and the side of the fixing device (2).

In other embodiment (Fig. 10), a side of a fixing device (2) oriented to the inside of a candle comprises a compound of described variants, when at the bottom (5) of the container (1 ) a side forms a step, and then a horizontal (parallel to the bottom (5) of the container (1 )) part of the step changes to the concave arc (arc radius extending out from the arc to the center of the arc is directed towards the inside of the container).

The shape of the majority of fixing devices (2) is selected such that if a wick holder (3) slits up on the top of the fixing device (2) (Fig. 2) that because of features of the shape of the fixing device (2) (mainly because of the slope directed to the inside of the container (1 )), a wick holder (3) will be pushed down by the force of gravity on the usual place, away from the a wall (4) of the container (1 ).

Although when a wick holder (3) slits up on the fixing device (2) a distance between the wick and the wall (4) decreases, but because of unparallelism of the wick holder (3) to the bottom (5) of the container (1 ) a wick inclines to the inside of the container (1 ) therefore the upper part of a wick gets farther away from the wall (4) and the flame is not able to get close to the wall (4) at dangerous distance.

One of limit points of sides of fixing devices (2) being in contact with a bottom

(5) , coincide with the line, comprising a junction of a wall (4) and a bottom (5) of a container (1 ); the other point of a side is on the imaginary line connecting the mentioned line point of the junction of a wall (4) and a bottom (5) with the center of a bottom (5). The side of a fixing device (2) being adjacent to the bottom (5) of the container (1 ) directed from the wall (4) of the container (1 ) to the center of the bottom (5) of the container (1 ). On such principle, at a distance from each other, fixing devices (2) are placed on the whole line of junction of a bottom (5) and the wall (4). The spacing of the arrangement of fixing devices depends on the diameter of a wick holder (3) of the candle. The arrangement distance among fixing devices (2) must be such that a wick holder (3) does not fit between ends of the fixing device (2) which are the closest to the center of a bottom (5). A distance between ends of a fixing device (2) which are closest to the center of a bottom (5) must be shorter than a diameter of the wick holder (3). Thus, the wick with a holder (3) cannot fit between fixing devices (2) and get close to a wall (4) of the container (1 ) at a dangerously short distance when a wall (4) of the container (1 ) can heat up to ignition temperature, and flame.

The mentioned distance between points of the side of the fixing device (2) preventing a wick holder from fitting between them (3) also determines a number of fixing devices (2) in the container of the candle (1 ). A number of fixing devices (2) should be sufficient to ensure adequate spacing between points of the fixing device

(2) . A number of fixing devices (2) can also be determined by a diameter of the wick holder (3), i.e. if a high (e.g. 30 mm) diameter of the holder (3) is selected, a number of fixing devices (2) may be very low: Even a low number will ensure that the holder

(3) would not fit between fixing devices (2).

Lengths of lines of the junction of the fixing device (2) and bottom (5) and of the junction of the fixing device (2) and the wall (4) shall ensure the proper shortest distance between a wick holder (3) and a wall (4) of the container (1 ). The mentioned appropriate distance must be selected according to the strength value of the wick, material flammability degree of the container (1 ), dimensions of the container, a diameter of the wick holder (3), and other factors that may lead to the possibility for the container (1 ) to ignite because of being impermissibly close to the flame. These factors may be determined by theoretical calculations, experimental tests or other means.

Fixing devices (2) can be made of various heat and flame resistant materials; they can be made of a different material than the material of the bottom (5); it can be attached in various ways. In preferred embodiments these fixing devices are made of the same material used to produce the container of the candle (1 ). If the container of the candle (1 ) produced by the casting process, the most convenient to prepare such molds which using the whole container of the candle (1 ) together with mentioned fixing devices is formed at the same time. The container of the candle (1 ) with such fixing devices (2) ensures that the wick with the wick holder (3) does not get so close to structural elements of the container (1 ) that these structural elements heat up strongly and ignite. These fixing devices (2) are shaped in that way (low without sharp protrusions and the like) that avoids flammability. Therefore the container of the candle (1 ) can be made of not highly fire-resistant materials.

To illustrate and describe this invention, description of preferred embodiments is given above. This is not a complete or limiting description aimed at prescribing a precise embodiment or implementation option. The description given above should be regarded more as an illustration than a constraint. Obviously, the specialists in this field may clearly see a multitude of modifications and variations. The embodiment has been selected and described so as to enable the specialists in this field to best understand the principles behind this invention and their best practical application for different embodiments with different modifications fit for a specific application or embodiment customization. The invention scope is defined by the attached claims and their equivalents wherein all the used terms have the broadest possible meanings unless stated otherwise.

Embodiments described by specialists in the respective field may contain changes that do not depart from the scope of this invention, as described in the claims given next.