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Title:
FLAP-CLOSING HAND GLOVE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/210317
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Embodiments of a hand glove that can be quickly, comfortably and conveniently worn on kids and adults and those who are disabled, aged, and suffering from various medical conditions are disclosed along with methods to wear them. In one embodiment, the hand glove comprises a base that is configured to cover palmar side of a hand, a flap that is foldably attached to the base and configured to cover backside of the hand, and one or more fasteners placed on or along edges of the base and the flap. The base and the flap forms body of the glove that covers the hand fully when they are folded over each other and the one or more fasteners are engaged. The gloves allow users to fully cover a hand with the glove by placing a hand on the base, folding the flap over the base and engaging the fastener.

Inventors:
ANAND, Syam Prasad (2100 East County Line Rd, Ardmore, PA, 19003, US)
Application Number:
US2019/029720
Publication Date:
October 31, 2019
Filing Date:
April 29, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ANAND, Syam Prasad (2100 East County Line Rd, Ardmore, PA, 19003, US)
International Classes:
A41D19/01
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ANAND, Syam (Mainline Intellectual Property, 2100 East County Line RdArdmore, PA, 19003, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What Is Claimed Is:

1. A hand glove comprising:

a base configured to cover palmar of a hand of a user;

a flap foldably attached to the base and configured to cover backside of the hand of the user; and

one or more fasteners placed on or along one or more edges of the base and the flap; wherein, the base and the flap together forms body of the glove that covers the hand when they are folded over each other and the one or more fasteners are engaged.

2. The hand glove of claim 1, wherein the one or more fasteners is a slide fastener, a zipper, a hook-and-loop fastener, a hook-and-pile fastener, a touch fastener material, or one or more buttons.

3. The hand glove of claim 2, wherein the one or more fasteners is a zipper.

4. The hand glove of claim 2, wherein the one or more fasteners is a hook-and-loop fastener, a hook-and-pile fastener, or a touch fastener material.

5. The hand glove of claim 2 further comprising one or more retainers on the inner surface of the base or the flap, and configured to hold a palm, wrist, thumb, forearm of a hand in place inside the glove.

6. The hand glove of claim 5, wherein the retainers are elastic or stretchable and are permanently attached or removably fixed to the base or the flap.

7. The hand glove of claim 2 wherein the base further comprises a thumb cap configured to fully cover the thumb of a user.

8. The hand glove of claim 2, wherein a section of the flap or base is configured to fold back on itself and held in place with additional fasteners.

9. The hand glove of claim 2, wherein the base or flap is made from material comprising stretchable on non-stretchable nylon, neoprene, microfleece, polyester microfleece, cotton or viscose, or from synthetic fiber such as polyester, polyamides, polypropylene or polyolefins in the form of woven elastic fabrics, knit elastic fabrics, felt fabrics, fleece, microfleece, ribbons, bands, straps, belts, laminates, sponges, films or membranes, or combinations or blends thereof.

10. The hand glove of claim 2, wherein the fastener is motorized.

11. The hand glove of claim 10, wherein the motor is programmable.

12. The hand glove of claim 11, wherein the motor is configured to open or close the glove in response to commands.

13. The hand glove of claim 12, wherein the commands are voice commands.

14. The hand glove of claim 13, wherein the commands arise from a remote controller.

15. The hand glove of claim 2, wherein the base and flap covers a hand and forearm of a user.

16. The hand glove of claim 2, wherein the base and the flap are near mirror images of each other.

Description:
FLAP-CLOSING HAND GLOVE

PRIORITY PARAGRAPH

[0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Patent Application No. 62/663,490 filed Apr. 27, 2018, titled“FLAP-CLOSING HAND GLOVE”, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

BACKGROUND

[0002] Hand gloves protect hands from injuries during various activities such as different kinds of sports and occupations, handling harsh substances or chemicals, and exposure to inclement weather such as uncomfortable temperatures, ice, and snow. They also provide comfort to the user during various activities, and adverse conditions. Specialized gloves are available for diverse activities, hobbies and vocations, occupational hazards, and weather conditions. They are usually manufactured from one or more layers of one or more of a number of materials, such as natural or synthetic fabrics, leather, rubber, plastic, or polymers. The inherent characteristics of the materials used for manufacturing gloves as a single uniform unit, or a composite unit made of multiple layers decides the improved dexterity, strength, comfort, and protection offered by the gloves against various conditions.

[0003] Wearability is another important feature of a glove. It is the ease and comfort with which a glove can be put on, retained, used, and taken off. Most gloves are worn by the same method- inserting the hand and fingers into the glove, wherein the fingers have to be inserted into long narrow individual compartments. Inserting fingers into these narrow compartments can be tedious and challenging especially for newborns, infants, toddlers, the disabled, the aged, people with medical conditions that affect cognition, people with injuries to their hands or fingers, etc. Hand mittens partly overcome this challenge by allowing the fingers to be held together while they are inserted into a single long compartment. Even then, it is tedious, challenging and time-consuming, and it may even cause injury to the fingers while attempting to put one on the categories of users mentioned earlier. Fragility, lack of dexterity, and injuries on the digits, lack of cognition, lack of muscular or nerve control, and inability to understand and follow verbal or visual commands or cues given by people who assist such users to put on the gloves or mittens, to name a few, affect the wearability of gloves and mittens that currently exist. The same reasons may make it challenging to retain and take off the gloves too.

[0004] Flap-closing hand gloves and methods to wear them disclosed herein overcome the drawbacks of gloves and mittens that currently exist. They allow a hand to be sandwiched between the two halves of the glove that form the covers for the back and palmar sides of palms, fingers and wrists, and in some embodiments the forearms of users. One or more convenient zips or other kinds of fasteners with or without additional attachments between the two halves of the glove seal and hold the edges of the two halves of the glove together, keeping the hand sandwiched between the two halves, protecting it when these gloves are worn.

SUMMARY

[0005] Disclosed herein are embodiments of a hand glove and methods to wear them quickly, comfortably and conveniently. In one embodiment, a hand glove comprises a base configured to cover the palmar side of a hand of a user, a flap foldably attached to the base and configured to cover the backside of the hand of the user, and one or more fasteners placed on or along one or more edges of the base and the flap, wherein, the base and the flap together forms body of the glove that covers the hand when they are folded over each other and the one or more fasteners are engaged. In some embodiments, the hand glove comprises a base and a flap that are near mirror images of each other. In some embodiments, the base and flap are near mirror images of each other except for a thumb section or thumb cap that covers a thumb of a person, and present on the base or the flap.

[0006] In some embodiments, the hand glove comprises a base having an inner edge, an outer edge, a top edge, a bottom edge, an inner surface and an outer surface, and the flap having an inner edge, an outer edge, a top edge, a bottom edge, an inner surface and an outer surface, the outer edges being proximal to a thumb section, the inner edges being distal to the thumb section, the top edges being proximal to a fingers section, the bottom edges being proximal to a wrist section, and the inner surfaces directly contacting a hand of a user when the glove is worn. One or more fasteners run along the edges of the base and the flap. The base and the flap form a body of the glove when they are folded over each other and the fastener is engaged.

[0007] In some embodiments, one or more additional attachments connect the inner edge of the base to the inner edge of the flap, keeping the two halves together when the fastener is not engaged or closed. In some embodiments, the fastener and the attachment s) are adjacent to each other and placed along the edges of the flap and the base. In some embodiments, the fastener is placed away from the attachment.

[0008] In some embodiments, the base or the flap further comprises a first retainer on its inner surface, configured to hold palm. In some embodiments, the base or the flap further comprises a second retainer on the inner surface of the base, configured to hold a wrist. In some embodiments, the base or the flap further comprises a third retainer on its inner surface, configured to hold a thumb. In some embodiments, the flap or the base further comprises a retainer for the forearm. In some embodiments, the first, second and/or third retainers are bands made of stretchable or elastic materials. In some embodiments, the retainers are fixed to the base or flap. In some embodiments, the retainers are removably attached to the base or the flap.

[0009] In some embodiments, the hand glove comprises a thumb cap on the base or the flap, and is configured to fully cover the thumb of a user.

[0010] Another embodiment further comprises placements for fingers on the base and flap in the form of shapes that mimic fingers. They may appear as impressions, moulds or depressions on the inner surface of the flap and/or base in the shape of fingers and other parts of the hand they mimic and cover while the glove is in use.

[0011] Some embodiments of the glove are configured to cover the forearm of a user.

[0012] In some embodiments, the base and flap are foldably attached. In some embodiments, the base and the flap are fully detachable. In some embodiments, the base and flap are near mirror images of each other.

[0013] In some embodiments the fastener is a zip. In some embodiments, the fastener is a slider, a hook-and-loop fastener, a hook-and-pile fastener, or a touch fastener material or one or more button(s).

[0014] In some embodiments, the fastener is motorized and the motor is configured to respond to commands. In some embodiments, the motor is programmable. In some

embodiments, the motor is configured to open or close the glove in response to commands. In some embodiments the commands are voice commands. In some embodiments, the commands arise from a remote controller.

[0015] In some embodiments, a section of the flap or the base or both may be folded back on themselves, and held in place by additional fasteners to allow users to grasp or handle things with their fingers when desired. [0016] In some embodiments, the base and flap are connected along an edge that runs parallel to the fingers and palm. In some embodiments, the base and flap are connected along an edge that runs perpendicular to the fingers and palm.

[0017] In some embodiments, the base or flap is made from material comprising stretchable on non-stretchable nylon, neoprene, microfleece, polyester microfleece, cotton, or viscose, or from synthetic fiber such as polyester, polyamides, polypropylene or polyolefins in the form of woven elastic fabrics, knit elastic fabrics, felt fabrics, fleece, microfleece, ribbons, bands, straps, belts, laminates, sponges, films or membranes, or combinations thereof.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES

[0018] FIG. 1 shows a flap-closing glove according to one embodiment. FIG. 1 A shows the embodiment in the closed state. FIG. 1B shows the same embodiment in the open state.

[0019] FIG. 2 shows the inner side of a hand glove in an open state according to one embodiment.

[0020] FIG. 3 shows the inner side of a hand glove, where the section contacting the thumb on the base has a retainer for a thumb according to one embodiment.

[0021] FIG. 4 shows the outer side of a hand glove in an open state according to one embodiment.

[0022] FIG. 5 shows the outer side of a hand glove in a closed state according to one embodiment.

[0023] FIG. 6 shows an open state of the inner side of a hand glove without a separate thumb section according to one embodiment.

[0024] FIG. 7 shows a closed state of the outer side of a hand glove without a separate thumb section according to one embodiment. [0025] FIG. 8 shows an open state of the inner side of a hand glove with a separate thumb section on the base according to one embodiment.

[0026] FIG. 9 shows a closed state of the outer side of a hand glove configured to cover the forearm of a user.

[0027] FIG. 10 shows a closed state of the outer side of a hand glove, where the fastener is placed along the middle of the flap.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0028] FIG. 1 discloses a flap-closing hand glove according to one embodiment. FIG.

1 A shows the glove in a closed state. FIG. 1B shows the same glove in an open state. The glove comprises a base 101 connected through a foldable attachment 103 to a flap 102. Disengaging the two fasteners 104 that run along the edges the flap allows a user to keep the flap open vertically as shown in FIG. 1B. After a hand is kept with its palmar face down in place on the base 101, the flap 102 may be folded back over the backside of the hand, and the two fasteners 104 fully engaged to cover the hand of the user.

[0029] The base 101 and the flap 102 forms the body of the glove 100 when they are folded over each other and the fasteners 104 are engaged, as shown in FIG. 1 A. A thumb cap 105 present on the base fully covers the thumb of a user while wearing the glove and also keeps it in place while it is being put on. Retainers 106 and 107 hold the palm and wrist of a user in place while the glove is being put on, helping to hold them in place while the flap 102 is folded back for engaging the fasteners 104. Disengaging the fasteners 104 as shown in FIG. 1B, allows the user to open the flap vertically or upwards and remove the hand with ease. Although in the embodiment in FIG. 1, the flap is narrow and shorter compared to the base, in some

embodiments, their relative proportions may be changed so that they may be almost equal in width and length. In such embodiments, the attachment and the two fasteners may be moved accordingly where they are functional.

[0030] FIGs. 2-5 disclose embodiments of a flap-closing glove wherein the base 101 and the flap 102 are near mirror images of each other. The base 101 is connected through a foldable attachment 103 to a flap 102. FIGs. 2 and 3 show the inner side of two glove embodiments in an open state. FIG. 4 shows the outer side of the same gloves in an open state, and FIG.5 shows a similar glove- except for the placement of fastener with respect to the attachment- in its closed state. Disengaging the fasteners 104 allows a user to keep the flap open to one side as shown in FIG. 2 and 3. After a hand is kept with its palmar face up in place on the base 101, the flap 102 may be folded over the palmar side of the hand, and the fastener 104 engaged to fully cover the hand of the user. The base 101 and the flap 102 forms the body of the glove 500 when they are folded over each other and the fasteners 104 are engaged, as shown in FIG. 5 Disengaging the fasteners allows a user to open the flap sideways and remove the hand with ease.

[0031] A thumb groove 105 present on the base fully covers and keeps the thumb of a user in place while wearing the glove shown in FIG. 2. Alternatively, the groove may be replaced by a retainer 301, as shown in FIG. 3. A thumb cap (105, FIGs. 1, 8), a thumb groove (105, FIG. 2) or a thumb retainer (105, FIG. 3) in flap-closing gloves function to keep the thumb of a user in place while it is being put on before the fasteners are engaged.

[0032] Retainers 106 and 107 that go across the base or flap of the glove in flap-closing glove embodiments hold the palm and wrist of a user in place while the glove is being put on, helping to hold them in place while the flap is folded back for engaging the fastener 104. [0033] Retainers are horizontal elements comprising a length that is shorter than the width of the base 101 or the width of a section of the glove on which they are present. Their width is lesser than the width of the section (the various sections are defined below) of the base on which they are present. The retainers may be removably attached allowing the user to detach the retainer at one or both ends while putting on or removing the gloves. Alternatively, they may be permanently attached. They may be made of stretchable or elastic elements. Removable attachment of the retainers may be facilitated through one or more hook-and-loop fastener, a hook-and-pile fastener, or a touch fastener material or one or more buttons or any other attachment known in the art. Permanent attachment of the retainers may be facilitated by sewing them in place, or using adhesives, or any other means known in the art leaving gaps for placing a thumb, fingers, or wrist. A user may place a hand on the base and engage the retainer if it is removable. Alternately, a user may slide a hand through the retainers if they are permanently attached.

[0034] The base and the flap are generally divided into two or more sections indicated by dotted lines (FIGs. 1, 2, 4-7, and 9). These are based on functional aspects of the parts of a hand, the proportions of which can vary from user to user for which the gloves are intended. Therefore, they are not to be considered rigid demarcations of their boundaries. Thus, for example, a first section of the base 108a and the flap 108b forms a section 108 in the body 100 (FIG. 1) or 500 (FIG. 5) of a closed glove that covers the thumb of a user, a second section of the base 109a and the flap 109b forms a section 109 in the body 100 (FIG. 1) or 500 (FIG. 5) of a closed glove that covers the remaining fingers, a third section of the base 110a and the flap 110b forms a section 110 in the body 100 (FIG. 1) or 500 (FIG. 5) of a closed glove that covers the palm, and a fourth section of the base 111a and the flap 111b forms a section 111 in the body 100 (FIG. 1) or 500 (FIG. 5) of the closed glove that covers the wrist. The bottom edge 112a of the base 101 and the bottom edge 112b of the flap 101 together form a gap 112 in the body 100 (FIG. 1) or 500 (FIG. 5) of a closed glove for inserting or removing a hand.

[0035] Both the base as well as the flap has an outer edge that is proximal to the thumb sections 108a and 108b and an inner edge that is distal to the thumb sections. Both the base and the flap also have a top edge proximal to the fingers section 109a and 109b and a bottom edge proximal to the wrist sections 111a and 111b. In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the base 101 and flap 102 are connected to each other along the top edge of the flap with an attachment 103.

In the embodiments shown in FIGs. 2-5, the base 101 and the flap 102 are connected to each other along their inner edge. In the embodiments in FIGs. 2-5, the bottom of the attachment 103a is located on the inner edge of the base 101 and the flap 102 towards the bottom edge, and the top of the attachment 103b is located on the inner edge of the base 101 and the flap 102 towards the top edge.

[0036] FIG. 4 shows the outer surface of a glove. The bottom stop 201 of the zip fastener 104 is located outside the attachment 103, at bottom of the inner edge 103a and the elements of the zip run adjacent to the attachment along the rest of inner edge. Thereafter, they continue along the top and outer edges of the base 101 and the flap 102 and ends with the top stops 203a and 203b near the bottom of the outer edges of the base and the flap respectively, leaving an area 112a/122b free of fasteners and attachments. The elements allow movement of the slider 202, to engage the zip. 112a and 112b come together in the closed state of the glove to form the gap 112 for inserting or placing a hand at the bottom edge of the glove.

[0037] The zip fastener shown in FIG. 2 is of a closed type. Alternatively, it may be of an open type in some embodiments allowing complete detachment of the two halves of a zip. [0038] As shown in FIG. 5, an embodiment similar to the embodiments in FIGs. 2-4, the bottom stop 201 of the fastener 104 may be placed non-overlapping with the attachment on the inner edge of the flap and the base towards their top edge. In this configuration, the fastener 104 does not enclose the attachment 103 in the closed glove when it is fully engaged. In the configuration of the fastener 104 and the attachment 103 shown in FIGs. 2 and 3, the bottom stop 201 of the fastener 104 is placed on the inner edge of the flap and the base towards their bottom edge and the fastener 104 fully encloses the attachment 103 in the closed glove when it is fully engaged. The top stop 203 of the fastener is placed on the outer edge of the flap and the base towards the bottom edge, proximal to the thumb. In some embodiments, the positions of the top and bottom stops on the inner and outer edges maybe reversed.

[0039] In the embodiment shown in FIG. 1, the bottom stops 201 of two zipper-type fasteners 104 are kept on either side of the attachment 103, towards the top edges of the base and flap. The elements of the fasteners extend along the inner and the outer edges of the base and flap. The top stops 203 are kept towards the bottom edges of the base and the flap. Engaging the fastener with the two sliders 202 closes the glove fully. In some embodiments, the positions of the top and bottom stops may be reversed.

[0040] In some embodiments such as the one shown in FIGs. 6 and 7, a thumb section maybe completely absent, giving the flap-closing glove an appearance of a flap-closing mitten. FIG. 6 shows a flap-closing embodiment lacking a thumb section in an open state. FIG. 7 shows a flap-closing embodiment lacking a thumb section in a closed state. Disengagement of the fasteners of a glove as shown in FIG. 6, in an open state allows a user to keep a hand palmar face up on the base 101, within the retainers 106 and 107, and fold the flap 102 over the hand.

Engagement of the fastener 104 closes the glove forming its body 700 that fully covers the hand of the user (FIG. 7). The user can easily remove the hand by disengaging the fastener 104, opening the flap 102 sideways, and sliding the hand out of the retainers. The retainers may be removably attached allowing the user to detach the retainer at one or both ends while putting on or removing the gloves.

[0041] In some embodiments such as the one shown in FIG. 8, a separate thumb section 801 may be provided to a flap-closing glove that resembles a mitten. This may allow a user to move its thumb independently letting the user engage in functions that require grasping or other manipulations with a thumb. FIG. 8 shows the inner side of this embodiment in an open state. As shown in FIG. 8, the fastener 104 does not go along the edges of the thumb region but rather across the thumb region. In this embodiment, the base 101 and the flap 103 are not exact mirror images of each other as the thumb section is missing from the flap 102 and the section of the glove that covers the thumb is formed entirely by a section of the base 101 of the glove. A non limiting advantage of the embodiment shown in FIG. 8 is the ease of manufacturing and ease of putting on the glove as a curving section of the fastener over the thumb region is eliminated.

[0042] In some embodiments of the flap-closing glove that lacks a thumb section altogether and thus resembles a mitten, the base, flap, attachments and fasteners may be configured as shown in the embodiment in FIG. 1 allowing the user to open and close the flap as described for the embodiment in FIG. 1. The embodiment shown in FIG. 8 may also be modified by configuring the base, flap, attachments and fasteners as shown in the embodiment in FIG. 1 allowing the user to open and close the flap as described for the embodiment in FIG. 1.

[0043] In some embodiments such as the one shown in FIG.9, a fifth section 113 of the base and the flap contact the forearm. The body of the glove 900 is configured to cover fingers, palm, wrist, and forearm of a user. The attachment 103 and the fasteners 104 may be extended to the adjacent edges of the fifth section on the base and flap covering the forearm region. The attachment 103 and fastener 104 leaves no gaps on the closed glove except one gap 112 for inserting a hand into the glove. In these embodiments, the length of the attachment 103 and/or the fastener 104 may be increased to strengthen the glove and allow the body of the glove to cover any length of the forearm as desired. The bottom stop 201 of the fastener 104 may be placed on the outer edge towards the bottom edge 112 and the top stop placed on the inner edge towards the bottom edge 112 as shown in FIG. 6. Alternatively, the positions of the top and bottom stops on the inner and outer edges maybe reversed. In some embodiments that have a section covering the forearm as in FIG. 9, the base, flap, attachments and fasteners may be organized as in the embodiment shown in FIG. 1. In these embodiments, the flap will be lifted upwards rather than sideways allowing the user to open and close the flap as described for the embodiment in FIG. 1.

[0044] One advantage of lifting the flap upwards (as in FIG 1B) rather than sideways (as in other embodiments) is the added convenience it gives the user to wear or remove a glove. A non-limiting example for closing is a simple lifting of the hand towards the user by the user. With an upward lifting flap, the flap will fall back on the base allowing the user to easily engage the fasteners. A non-limiting example for opening is a simple dropping of the hand in a forward tilting angle by a user after disengaging the fasteners. The flap will fall open or away from the base.

[0045] A non-limiting example for convenient closing or opening of the flap on a sideways opening flap-closing glove is by simple turning of the user’s hand in the clockwise or anti-clockwise direction, depending on the hand (right or left) that the glove is being put on or removed from. When the fastener is disengaged, the flap will flap open from the base as a result. [0046] In flap-closing gloves disclosed herein, the placement of the attachment and the fasteners decide how the flap may be opened or closed. Thus, an attachment that goes across the base and flap would result in a flap that opens up or down (or vertically) as shown in FIG. 1 example, whereas an attachment that goes along the sides (inner or outer edges) of the base and the flap would result in a flap that open sideways as shown in other examples.

[0047] In some embodiments where the flap opens sideways, the retainers, the thumb sections or the thumb groove may be placed on the flap instead of the base. This would allow users to keep their hand palmar face down on the flap, for putting the gloves on and removing it.

[0048] The attachment 103 shown in the various embodiments of the flap-closing hand gloves disclosed herein serves to keep the base 101 and the flap 102 together when the fastener 104 is not engaged. It may also contribute to the insulation properties of the glove as well as its foldability whether or not it is fully enclosed by the engaged fastener 104. In some embodiments, the attachment is absent and the fastener 104 may hold the two halves together even when it is not fully engaged or closed. A non-limiting example is a non-separating zip fastener.

[0049] As shown in FIG. 5, the attachment 103 along the inner edge is configured to be foldable so that a user can place backside of a hand on the base 102 and fold the flap 104 over the palmar side. The attachment 103 starts along the inner edges sides of the fourth sections of the base and the flap llla/lllb distal to the thumb and ends in the second section 109a/109b. In some embodiments, the attachment starts along the inner edges of the fourth section and extends to the third section and ends before the second section. In some other embodiments, the attachment starts along the inner edge of the fourth section and extends along the third and second sections and ends at/before the top edge of the second section. Thus, the length of the attachment 103 may be varied in different embodiments of the glove as desired. [0050] As shown in FIG. 2, a fastener 104 runs along the inner edges and outer edges of the base 101 and the flap 102 outside the attachment 103 that connects the base and flap such that when the base and the flap are folded over each other and the fastener is engaged or closed, it encloses the attachment. FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 shows a glove in the open state for placing a hand and FIG. 3, shows a glove in the closed state. In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 2, the fastener 104 and attachment 103 are present along the same edges. In some embodiments, as shown in FIG. 5, the fastener 104 is not present along with the attachment 103 on the same edge.

[0051] In some embodiments the fastener may not be placed at the edge of a base or a flap; instead they may be placed inwards or outwards of the edge of a base or a flap and configured to perform the fastener(s)’ function as outlined for the embodiments disclosed in FIGs. 1-10. A non-limiting example is a fastener that is placed in the middle of a flap in an embodiment shown in FIG. 10. In this embodiment, additional foldable or extendable

attachments 1001 and 1002 along the top edge of the flap allows both halves of the flap to be fully opened to the two sides giving full access to the base for placing a hand. The outer and inner edges of the flap and base of embodiments with similar arrangement of attachments and fastener may be made more flexible to allow the two halves of the flap to easily open to the two sides, sideways.

[0052] In some embodiments, such as the ones in FIGs. 1-5 and 8-10, the sections contacting the thumb stands out from the sections contacting the fingers so that when the glove is used, the thumb does not rest alongside the remaining fingers in the body of the glove. In some embodiments, such as the ones shown in FIGs. 6 and 7, the section contacting the thumb may not stand out from the section contacting the remaining fingers. In such embodiments, the thumb remains alongside and close to the remaining fingers inside the body of glove. Some embodiments that lack a thumb section may have the section that protects a section or entire forearm of a user as shown for the embodiment in FIG. 9.

[0053] The glove may be configured to the fit a right hand or a left hand of a user or it may be ambidextrous. Further, the base or flap or both may be made of varying uniform or non- uniform thickness and materials to suit the user’s preferences and activities for which it is used. The glove embodiments featured in all the figures except 6 and 7 are configured for a left hand. The glove featured in FIGs. 6 and 7 are ambidextrous.

[0054] The base and flap are configured to provide a covering for the backside and the palmar side of a hand, including thumb and wrist of a user. In some embodiments, the covering extends to the forearm. In some embodiments, the base covers the backside of a hand while the flap covers the palmar side. In some embodiments, the base covers the palmar side of a hand, while the flap covers the backside.

[0055] The base and flap conforms to the shape and size of the hands of users. In some embodiments the shape and size is that of an infant. In others the shape and size may be that of a toddler, kid, teenager or adult.

[0056] The base and flap may be made of one or more filling layers enclosed within a flexible shell or a covering. Some of the filling layers are made of materials that insulate the hand from conditions of weather such as mild cold, freezing conditions or rain or other conditions such as those encountered while doing activities such as play or different kinds of sports. Some of the filling layers are made of materials that will cushion the hand such as sponges or spongy material. The filling layers may be sewn together at their perimeter or at regular or irregular intervals along their length or width or both to make a composite unit.

Alternatively they may be glued together with long-lasting adhesives. While sewing or gluing the layers, not all layers may be held together and some might be free-floating within the covering.

In some embodiments, the base or the flap may be single unit or a single layer without additional fillers.

[0057] The outer surface of the base and the flap protects the filling layers from wear as well as from the elements to which the glove may be exposed. It may be configured to look aesthetically pleasing and of any color or design. The materials used for making the outer surface may add one or more functionalities to the glove. For example, the outer surface may be made with materials that are water-resistant, mold-resistant, chemical-resistant, and/or heat-resistant materials. It may be made to make to it sturdy and fashionable, or it may be configured to have elements that increase the grip of the glove such as ribbed or rough surfaces.

[0058] The inner surface of the base and the flap directly contacts the hand. It may be configured to make it smooth over the hand and capable of absorbing moisture such as sweat arising from the hand and/or retaining heat released from the hand.

[0059] The different sections of the flap and the base may be made of different materials that confer, increase or decrease properties such as flexibility, elasticity, stretchability, dexterity etc. For example, in some embodiments, the sections contacting the thumb and fingers may be made more flexible compared to the other sections to accommodate for movement of these parts of the hands of a user wearing the gloves so that various jobs such as grasping, clasping, dropping etc. can be achieved by the user with ease. The boundaries between the sections may be made flexible to accommodate for movement of these parts with respect to each other so that various jobs by the user of this glove can be made easy and comfortable by conferring dexterity to the movements of users hand wearing the glove. [0060] In some embodiments, the base has a contiguous perimeter edge. In some embodiments, the flap has a contiguous perimeter edge. In some embodiments, the outer surface of the base is contiguous, while in some it is not. In some embodiments, the outer surface of the flap is contiguous, while in some it is not. For example, in some embodiments an additional layer of material on the outer surface of the flap is sewn into the shell or the inner filling layers or both to make a one or more pockets on the glove for storing small items such as coins, cash, cards, and tools. Additional fasteners placed along the pockets may be engaged to open and close these pockets. Alternatively, zip, seal, or string closures may be placed to carry out this function.

[0061] In some embodiments, a section of the flap or the base or both may be folded back on themselves and held in place by additional fasteners. This would free the fingers allowing them to grasp or handle things with their fingers without removing the glove completely. This facilitates temporary use of fingers when desired. A non-limiting example is an infant in a car seat wearing a glove and desiring to hold a toy or a bottle, or a food item. Rather than removing the entire glove, which may make it difficult to store and retrieve it later, by folding the flap or the base or both, allows temporary use of fingers by the wearer of the gloves. Other non-limiting examples are disabled or old people desiring to free their fingers temporarily, or people engaged in some activity that desire to temporarily use their fingers without having to store and retrieve the gloves during such intervals. The ability to neatly engage the folded base and flap on themselves with additional fasteners such as a hook-and-loop fastener, a hook-and- pile fastener, a touch fastener or one or more buttons make them non-intrusive and thereby prevent them from becoming bulky obstructions to activities desired during such intervals.

[0062] In some embodiments, the bottom of the base and flap sections may be held together by a circumferential cinch cord or drawstring. The cord or drawstring will allow the glove to remain attached to the arm while it is not being worn. Alternatively, one or more hooks, or clips, or other means thereof may be provided on the base or the flap or both to attach or hang the glove to another piece of clothing or other accessories such as bags, pieces of furniture or walls etc.

[0063] Some of the materials forming the filling layers of the shell may provide a thermal barrier or insulation or a water barrier or insulation or barriers or insulations to harsh or harmful chemicals. Some materials may be stretchable or elastomeric in one or more dimensions. Layers maybe substantially or entirely free of folds or bunching or they may have substantial folds and bunching. Layers may be sewn together or held together by adhesives. Filling layers, layers of the shell or covering, and layers forming outer and inner surface may vary in thickness from a few micrometers to several millimeters or one or two centimeters. Materials for various parts of the glove embodiments disclosed herein may be chosen from stretchable on non- stretchable nylon, neoprene, microfleece, polyester microfleece, cotton, or viscose, or from synthetic fiber such as polyester, polyamides, polypropylene or polyolefins in the form of woven elastic or non-elastic fabrics, knit elastic or non-elastic fabrics, felt fabrics, fleece, microfleece, ribbons, bands, straps, belts, laminates, sponges, films or membranes, or combinations thereof, or blends of two or more of these materials. Different parts may have different materials or combinations, or blends of materials described herein.

[0064] Flap-closing hand gloves and methods to wear them disclosed herein overcome the drawbacks of gloves and mittens that currently exist. They enable users to protect their own hands or the hands of individuals they assist comfortably and with ease without causing injury to fingers especially those who are unable to follow cues and commands of people trying to assist them to wear gloves. They allow a hand to be easily placed between two layers of the glove that may be opened completely and remain sandwiched between them when closed.

[0065] The embodiments and methods disclosed herein for flap-closing hand gloves do away with inserting fingers into long narrow compartments of hand gloves and mittens, thereby avoiding a step that may cause injury to fragile fingers and may also prevent some from using gloves and mittens altogether due to age and/or health-related conditions. Non-limiting examples of users who suffer from various ailments and may benefit from flap-closing gloves disclosed herein are those suffering from Multiple Sclerosis, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, spinal and nerve injuries, muscular dystrophies, Carpel Tunnel Syndrome, Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Tendonitis, Tenosynovitis, nerve compressions, fractures of hands, hand surgeries, nerve compressions, hand cysts, hand tumors, neuropathy of hand, and Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy.

[0066] Motorizing the closing and opening of the zip further enhances the utility of the hand gloves disclosed herein. Features such as controlling the zip with remote commands such as voice commands increase the utility of the hand gloves. Further, features such as pockets that are inbuilt into the gloves provide a means to store and access routinely used materials to users or to the people assisting the users.

[0067] It is to be understood that even though numerous characteristics and advantages of various embodiments of the present disclosure have been set forth in the foregoing materials, together with details of the structure and function of various embodiments of the invention, this detailed description is illustrative only, and changes may be made in detail, especially in matters of structure and arrangements of parts within the principles of the embodiments of the present invention to the full extent indicated by the broad general meaning of the terms disclosed.