Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
FLUID FLOW ADAPTER FOR A CYLINDER OF A RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/096331
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Fluid flow adapter (1) for a cylinder (100) of a reciprocating compressor, said cylinder (100) having a side wall (101) provided with a valve seat (103), said fluid flow adapter (1) comprising a filler element (2) having an internal surface (3) facing an internal volume (104) of the cylinder (101) and an external surface (4) facing the valve, said filler element (2) having at least a channel (5) connecting the internal surface (3) to the external surface (4), wherein said internal surface (3) is flush with the side wall (101) of the cylinder (100), said channel (5) being configured to allow the passage of fluid between the internal volume (104) of the cylinder (100) and the valve.

Inventors:
BAGAGLI RICCARDO (IT)
MALECI RICCARDO (IT)
PUCCINELLI FEDERICO (IT)
PRATELLI GUIDO (IT)
BARGIACCHI MASSIMO (IT)
TOGNARELLI LEONARDO (IT)
BABBINI ALBERTO (IT)
Application Number:
EP2015/077468
Publication Date:
June 23, 2016
Filing Date:
November 24, 2015
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
NUOVO PIGNONE SRL (IT)
International Classes:
F04B39/12; F04B39/10
Foreign References:
US20140338761A12014-11-20
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ILLINGWORTH-LAW, William et al. (201 Talgarth Road, Hammersmith London W6 8BJ, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS:

1 . A fluid flow adapter (1 ) for a cylinder (100) of a reciprocating compressor, said cylinder (100) having a side wall (101 ) provided with a valve seat (103), said fluid flow adapter (1 ) comprising a filler element (2) having an internal surface (3) facing an internal volume (104) of the cylinder (101 ) and an external surface (4) facing the valve, said filler element (2) having at least a channel (5) connecting the internal surface (3) to the external surface (4), wherein said internal surface (3) is flush with the side wall (101 ) of the cylinder

(100) , said channel (5) being configured to allow the passage of fluid between the internal volume (104) of the cylinder (100) and the valve.

2. The adapter (1 ) according to claim 1 , wherein the cylinder has an end wall (102) transversal to the side wall (101 ), the internal surface (3) of the filler element (2) being flush with the end wall (102) of the cylinder (100).

3. The adapter (1 ) according to either of claim 1 or 2, wherein said valve seat (103) of the cylinder (100) is located at an intersection of the side wall

(101 ) and of the end wall (102) of the cylinder (100), the internal surface (3) of the filler element (2) comprising a cylindrical surface (3a) and a flat surface (3b).

4. The adapter (1 ) according to claim 3, wherein the cylindrical surface (3a) of the filler element (2) is flush with the side wall (101 ) of the cylinder (100).

5. The adapter (1 ) according to either of claim 3 or 4, wherein flat surface (3b) is flush with the end wall (102) of the cylinder (100).

6. The adapter (1 ) according to any one of the previous claims, wherein the adapter comprises a plurality of channels (5), each channel (5) ending on the flat surface (3b) of the filler element (2).

7. The adapter (1 ) according to any of claims 1 to 5, wherein the adapter comprises a plurality of channels (5), a first group (6) of said channels (5) ending on the flat surface (3b) of the filler element (2), a second group (7) of said channels (5) ending on the cylindrical surface (3a) of the filler element (2).

8. The adapter (1 ) according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said channel (5) defines a path for the fluid inside said filler element (2), said path being fluidodynamically optimized for the transit of said fluid during operation of said cylinder (100).

9. The adapter (1 ) according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said filler element (2) is made by casting.

10. The adapter (1 ) according to any one of the previous claims, wherein said filler element (2) is made by additive manufacturing.

1 1 . A reciprocating compressor comprising at least a cylinder (100) having a side wall (101 ) provided with a valve seat (103); an adapter (1 ) according to any one of the previous claims placed inside said valve seat (103).

12. Use of an adapter (1 ) according to any one of the claims for 1 to 10 for upgrading a reciprocating compressor.

Description:
FLUID FLOW ADAPTER FOR A CYLINDER OF A RECIPROCATING

COMPRESSOR

BACKGROUND ART

The present invention relates to a fluid flow adapter for a cylinder of a reciprocating compressor. Specifically, the invention relates to a device that can optimize the fluid flow in the proximity of a valve seat.

According to the state of the art a cylinder of a reciprocating compressor has a cylindrical side wall, in which a valve seat is machined. A valve is installed inside the valve seat. However, after the installation of the valve, a part of the volume of the valve seat remains empty, thus defining a pocket inside the cylinder. Indeed, such pocket is fluidodynamically continuous with the internal volume of the cylinder. In other words, the pocket defines an extension of the volume of the cylinder.

Disadvantageously, the presence of the pocket lowers the volumetric efficiency of the cylinder, thus reducing the amount of gas delivered. Also, the flow of fluid from/to the valve is impaired, as the irregular shape of the pocket causes turbulence which further reduces the compressor efficiency.

BREIF DESCRIPTION

A first embodiment of the present invention therefore relates to a fluid flow adapter for a cylinder of a reciprocating compressor. The cylinder, which is not part of the invention, has a side wall which is provided with a valve seat. The fluid flow adapter comprises a filler element which has an internal surface facing an internal volume of the cylinder. The filler element also has an external surface facing the valve. Also, the filler element has at least a channel which connects the internal surface to the external surface. The internal surface is flush with the side wall of the cylinder. In other words, the internal surface is level with the side wall of the cylinder. The channel is configured to allow the passage of fluid between the internal volume of the cylinder and the valve.

Advantageously, this allows to optimize the fluid path, defined in part by the channel inside the filler element. Further details and specific embodiments will refer to the attached drawings, in which:

- Figure 1 is a perspective view of a fluid flow adapter for a cylinder of a reciprocating compressor according to a first embodiment of the present invention; and - Figure 2 is a side sectional view of a fluid flow adapter for a cylinder of a reciprocating compressor according to a first embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

The following description of exemplary embodiments refers to the accompanying drawings. The same reference numbers in different drawings identify the same or similar elements. The following detailed description does not limit the invention. Instead, the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims.

Reference throughout the specification to "one embodiment" or "an embodiment" means that a particular feature, structure, or characteristic described in connection with an embodiment is included in at least one embodiment of the subject matter disclosed. Thus, the appearance of the phrases "in one embodiment" or "in an embodiment" in various places throughout the specification is not necessarily referring to the same embodiment. Further, the particular features, structures or characteristics may be combined in any suitable manner in one or more embodiments. With reference to the attached drawings, with the number 1 is indicated a fluid flow adapter for a cylinder of a reciprocating compressor according to an embodiment of the present invention. The cylinder itself will be indicated with the number 100, and is not part of this embodiment of the present invention. Therefore, the cylinder 100 will be described briefly for ease of reference.

The cylinder 100 has a side wall 101 . The cylinder also has an end wall 102 transversal, and preferably perpendicular, to the side wall 101 . Inside the cylinder 100 is defined an internal volume 104.

A valve seat 103 is located on the side wall 101 . In other words, the valve seat 103 is located on the side of the cylinder 100. The valve seat 103 is continuous with the internal volume 104 of the cylinder 100. Moreover, as shown for example in figure 1 , the valve seat 103 of the cylinder 100 is located at an intersection of the side wall 101 and of the end wall 102.

A valve, not shown in the drawings, is inserted into the valve seat 103. When such valve is inserted into the valve seat 103 Therefore, once the cylinder 100 is assembled together with the valve, a pocket 105 of volume is still present. Such pocket 105 is continuous with the internal volume 104 of the cylinder 100.

The fluid flow adapter 1 comprises a filler element 2. The filler element 2 has an internal surface 3 which, in operation, faces the internal volume 104 of the cylinder 100. The filler element 2 also has an external surface 4 which, in operation, faces the valve. Such filler element 2 has a shape so that it fits precisely in the pocket 105 of the cylinder 100.

The filler element 2 has at least a channel 5, which connects the internal surface 3 to the external surface 4. Such channel 5 has the purpose of guiding a fluid flow in and/or out of the cylinder 100. In other words, the channel 5 is configured to allow the passage of fluid between the internal volume 104 of the cylinder 100 and the valve. 8. In particular, the channel 5 defines a path for the fluid inside the filler element 2. Preferably, such path is fluidodynamically optimized. Indeed, such path could be easily defined as the envelop of all the optimum sections duct along its path from the valve to the cylinder (suction valve) and vice versa for discharge valve. This design of the flow path therefore reduces losses and vortexes. Also, as a consequence, the sizing of the minimum required volume to reach the cylinder 100 will allow the reduction of clearance volume to the minimum required volume for fluidynamic efficiency. For the transit of the fluid during operation of the cylinder 101 . More detail on the shape and on the function of the channel 5 will be given in a following part of the present disclosure. With more detail, the internal surface 3 is flush with the side wall 101 of the cylinder 100. Moreover, the internal surface 3 of the filler element 2 is flush with the end wall 102 of the cylinder 100. Within the context of the present disclosure the term "flush" is intended to mean "on the same level with", implying that two surfaces can be considered each as a continuation of the other, without substantial discontinuities. In other words, there are no "breaks" or "steps" between two such surfaces.

With more detail, the internal surface 3 of the filler element 2 comprises a cylindrical surface 3a and a flat surface 3b.

The cylindrical surface 3a is shaped as a portion of a lateral surface of a geometric cylinder. Also, the cylindrical surface 3a of the filler element 2 is flush with the side wall 101 of the cylinder 100. Indeed, the cylindrical surface 3a is shaped so that it fills the missing portion of the side wall 101 of the cylinder 100.

In the same way, the flat surface 3b has a substantially planar shape, so that it can fill the missing portion of the end wall 102 of the cylinder 100. The flat surface 3b is flush with the end wall 102 of the cylinder 100.

As shown for in figures 1 and 2, the adapter 1 comprises a plurality of channels 5. Each channel 5 ends on both the internal surface 3 and on the external surface 4. With reference to the embodiment of the invention shown in figure 2, please note that all channels 5 end on the flat surface 3b of the filler element 2.

In an alternative embodiment, shown in figure 1 , a first group 6 of channels 5 ends on the on the flat surface 3b of the filler element 3. A second group 7 of channels 5 ends on the cylindrical surface 3a of the filler element 2.

The filler element 2 can be secured in place through any possible kind of connections like thread, forcing or adhesive. In an alternative embodiment, it can be directly machined as part of the valve. In a further alternative embodiment, the filler element 2 and the valve seat 103 in the cylinder 100 can lock onto each other as a mechanic fitting. Preferably, such fitting doesn't require any additional stops like screws or pins.

According to a preferred embodiment of the invention, the filler element 2 is made by casting. Alternatively, the filler element 2 can be made by additive manufacturing. As a further alternative embodiment, the filler element 2 can also be made by machining. Other embodiments can also be made by any production process that combines the casting, additive manufacturing or machining processes.

Another embodiment of the invention relates to a reciprocating compressor comprising at least a cylinder 100 as described above. Finally, a reciprocating compressor according to the state of the art can be upgraded with a suitably constructed adapter 1 .