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Title:
FORWARD COMPARTMENT BAFFLE ARRANGEMENT FOR A GEARED TURBOFAN ENGINE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2014/022396
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A baffle within a gas turbine engine includes a cylindrical flange with a multiple of holes at least partially therearound.

Inventors:
DIBENEDETTO, Enzo (88 Glenview Drive, Kensington, Connecticut, 06037, US)
NGUYENLOC, Fred (55 Oakland Terrace, Apt. 54Manchester, Connecticut, 06042, US)
Application Number:
US2013/052728
Publication Date:
February 06, 2014
Filing Date:
July 30, 2013
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION (1 Financial Plaza, Hartford, Connecticut, 06101, US)
International Classes:
F02C7/00; F02C9/00
Foreign References:
US20110108360A12011-05-12
US20080044276A12008-02-21
US6996968B22006-02-14
US8167091B22012-05-01
US20120121378A12012-05-17
US20110108360A12011-05-12
US20080044276A12008-02-21
Other References:
See also references of EP 2880281A4
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
O'SHEA, Patrick J. (O'Shea Getz P.C. c/o CPA Global, P.O. Box 52050Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55402, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. A baffle within a gas turbine engine comprising:

a cylindrical flange with a multiple of holes at least partially therearound.

2. The baffle as recited in claim 1, wherein said cylindrical flange is defined around an engine central longitudinal axis.

3. The baffle as recited in claim 1, further comprising an oil recovery gutter axially offset from said multiple of holes.

4. The baffle as recited in claim 3, wherein said oil recovery gutter is radially offset from said flange.

5. The baffle as recited in claim 1, wherein said multiple of holes are defined in a multiple of rows. 6. The baffle as recited in claim 1, wherein said cylindrical flange extends from a bearing support.

7. The baffle as recited in claim 1, wherein said cylindrical flange extends from a front center body.

8. A gas turbine engine comprising:

an epicyclic gear system; and

a baffle with a multiple of holes, said baffle at least partially surrounds said epicyclic gear system.

9. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 8, wherein said baffle defines an oil recovery gutter.

10. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 9, wherein said oil recovery gutter is radially outboard of an oil passage. 11. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 10, wherein said multiple of holes are downstream of said oil recovery gutter.

12. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 10, wherein said oil passage extends through a ring gear of said epicyclic gear system.

13. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 12, wherein said epicyclic gear system is a planetary gear system.

14. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 12, wherein said epicyclic gear system is a star gear system. 15. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 8, wherein said cylindrical flange extends from a bearing support.

16. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 8, wherein said cylindrical flange extends from a front center body.

17. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 8, further comprising a knife seal engaged with said baffle.

18. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 17, wherein said oil recovery gutter is manufactured of a softer material than said knife seal.

19. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 8, further comprising a bypass channel defined by said baffle. 20. The gas turbine engine as recited in claim 8, wherein said baffle defines an axial length approximately 70% +25% / -30% of an axial length of a front center body.

Description:
FORWARD COMPARTMENT BAFFLE ARRANGEMENT

FOR A GEARED TURBOFAN ENGINE

BACKGROUND

[0001] The present disclosure claims priority to United States Provisional Patent

Disclosure Serial No. 61/677,273, filed July 30, 2012 and United States Patent Appln. Serial No. 13/709,153 filed December 10, 2012.

[0002] The present disclosure relates to a lubrication system for a gas turbine engine and, more particularly, to a baffle which reduces oil windage.

[0003] Aircraft gas turbine engines include a lubrication system to supply oil to various components. Under certain conditions, the oil may be churned at a high velocity and thereby become aerated. If the oil is not quieted and deaerated, the oil may not be effectively scavenged. SUMMARY

[0004] A baffle within a gas turbine engine according to one disclosed non-limiting embodiment of the present disclosure includes a cylindrical flange with a multiple of holes at least partially therearound.

[0005] In a further embodiment of the foregoing embodiment, the cylindrical flange is defined around an engine central longitudinal axis.

[0006] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the baffle further comprising an oil recovery gutter axially offset from the multiple of holes. In the alternative or additionally thereto, in the foregoing embodiment the oil recovery gutter is radially offset from the flange.

[0007] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the multiple of holes are defined in a multiple of rows.

[0008] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the cylindrical flange extends from a bearing support.

[0009] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the cylindrical flange extends from a front center body.

[0010] A gas turbine engine according to another disclosed non-limiting embodiment of the present disclosure includes an epicyclic gear system and a baffle with a multiple of holes, the baffle at least partially surrounds the epicyclic gear system.

[0011] In a further embodiment of the foregoing embodiment, the baffle defines an oil recovery gutter. In the alternative or additional thereto, in the foregoing embodiment the oil recovery gutter is radially outboard of an oil passage. In the alternative or additional thereto, in the foregoing embodiment the multiple of holes are downstream of the oil recovery gutter. In the alternative or additional thereto, in the foregoing embodiment the oil passage extends through a ring gear of the epicyclic gear system. In the alternative or additional thereto, in the foregoing embodiment the epicyclic gear system is a planetary gear system. In the alternative or additional thereto, in the foregoing embodiment the epicyclic gear system is a star gear system.

[0012] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the cylindrical flange extends from a bearing support. [0013] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the cylindrical flange extends from a front center body.

[0014] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the gas turbine engine further comprising a knife seal engaged with the baffle. In the alternative or additional thereto, in the foregoing embodiment the oil recovery gutter is manufactured of a softer material than the knife seal.

[0015] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the gas turbine engine further comprising a bypass channel defined by said baffle.

[0016] In a further embodiment of any of the foregoing embodiments, the baffle defines an axial length approximately 70%+25%/-30% of an axial length of a front center body.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0017] Various features will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description of the disclosed non-limiting embodiment. The drawings that accompany the detailed description can be briefly described as follows:

[0018] Figure 1 is a schematic cross-section of a gas turbine engine;

[0019] Figure 2 is an expanded schematic cross-section of the gas turbine engine;

[0020] Figure 3 is expanded schematic cross-section of a geared architecture of the gas turbine engine with a baffle arranged therearound; [0021] Figure 4 is expanded perspective cross-section of the baffle mounted to a bearing support according to one disclosed non-limiting embodiment;

[0022] Figure 5 is a perspective view of the baffle mounted to the bearing support;

[0023] Figure 6 is expanded perspective cross-section of the baffle mounted to a front center body according to another disclosed non-limiting embodiment;

[0024] Figure 7 is an end view of a front center body and bearing support with a baffle.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0025] Figure 1 schematically illustrates a gas turbine engine 20. The gas turbine engine 20 is disclosed herein as a two-spool turbofan that generally incorporates a fan section 22, a compressor section 24, a combustor section 26 and a turbine section 28. Alternative engines might include an augmentor section (not shown) among other systems or features. The fan section 22 drives air along a fan bypass flowpath while the compressor section 24 drives air along a core flowpath for compression and communication into the combustor section 26 then expansion through the turbine section 28. Although depicted as a turbofan gas turbine engine in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment, it should be appreciated that the concepts described herein are not limited to use with turbofans as the teachings may be applied to other types of turbine engines such as a three-spool (plus fan) engine wherein an intermediate spool includes an intermediate pressure compressor (IPC) between the LPC and HPC and an intermediate pressure turbine (IPT) between the HPT and LPT.

[0026] The engine 20 generally includes a low spool 30 and a high spool 32 mounted for rotation about an engine central longitudinal axis A relative to an engine case assembly 36 via several bearing structures 38. The low spool 30 generally includes an inner shaft 40 that interconnects a fan 42, a low pressure compressor 44 ("LPC") and a low pressure turbine 46 ("LPT"). The inner shaft 40 drives the fan 42 through a geared architecture 48 to drive the fan 42 at a lower speed than the low spool 30.

[0027] The high spool 32 includes an outer shaft 50 that interconnects a high pressure compressor 52 ("HPC") and high pressure turbine 54 ("HPT"). A combustor 56 is arranged between the high pressure compressor 52 and the high pressure turbine 54. The inner shaft 40 and the outer shaft 50 are concentric and rotate about the engine central longitudinal axis A which is collinear with their longitudinal axes.

[0028] Core airflow is compressed by the low pressure compressor 44 then the high pressure compressor 52, mixed with the fuel and burned in the combustor 56, then expanded over the high pressure turbine 54 and the low pressure turbine 46. The turbines 54, 46 rotationally drive the respective low spool 30 and high spool 32 in response to the expansion.

[0029] In one non-limiting embodiment, the gas turbine engine 20 is a high-bypass geared architecture engine in which the bypass ratio is greater than about six (6:1). The geared architecture 48 can include an epicyclic gear train, such as a planetary gear system, star gear system or other gear system. The example epicyclic gear train has a gear reduction ratio of greater than about 2.3, and in another example is greater than about 2.5. The geared turbofan enables operation of the low spool 30 at higher speeds which can increase the operational efficiency of the low pressure compressor 44 and low pressure turbine 46 and render increased pressure in a fewer number of stages.

[0030] A pressure ratio associated with the low pressure turbine 46 is pressure measured prior to the inlet of the low pressure turbine 46 as related to the pressure at the outlet of the low pressure turbine 46 prior to an exhaust nozzle of the gas turbine engine 20. In one non- limiting embodiment, the bypass ratio of the gas turbine engine 20 is greater than about ten (10:1), the fan diameter is significantly larger than that of the low pressure compressor 44, and the low pressure turbine 46 has a pressure ratio that is greater than about five (5:1). It should be appreciated, however, that the above parameters are only exemplary of one embodiment of a geared architecture engine and that the present disclosure is applicable to other gas turbine engines including direct drive turbofans.

[0031] The high bypass ratio results in a significant amount of thrust. The fan section 22 of the gas turbine engine 20 is designed for a particular flight condition - typically cruise at about 0.8 Mach and about 35,000 feet. This flight condition, with the gas turbine engine 20 at its best fuel consumption, is also known as bucket cruise Thrust Specific Fuel Consumption (TSFC). TSFC is an industry standard parameter of fuel consumption per unit of thrust.

[0032] Fan Pressure Ratio is the pressure ratio across a blade of the fan section 22 without the use of a Fan Exit Guide Vane system. The low Fan Pressure Ratio according to one non- limiting embodiment of the example gas turbine engine 20 is less than 1.45. Low Corrected Fan Tip Speed is the actual fan tip speed divided by an industry standard temperature correction of ("T" / 518.7) 0'5 . in which "T" represents the ambient temperature in degrees Rankine. The Low Corrected Fan Tip Speed according to one non-limiting embodiment of the example gas turbine engine 20 is less than about 1150 fps (351 m/s).

[0033] With reference to Figure 2, the engine case assembly 36 proximate the compressor section 24 generally includes a front center body 60 and an intermediate case 62 aft of the front center body 60. The front center body 60 generally defines an annular core flow path

64 for core airflow into the low pressure compressor 44. The intermediate case 62 continues the core flow path 64 into the high pressure compressor 52. The core flow path 64 defined by the intermediate case 62 is generally radially inward of the core flow path 64 defined by the front center body 60 to form a "wasp waist" gas turbine engine architecture. It should be appreciated that various case structures may alternatively or additionally be provided, yet benefit from the architecture described herein.

[0034] A #2 bearing structure 38-2 at least partially supports the inner shaft 40 relative to the front center body 60. A #3 bearing structure 38-3 at least partially supports the outer shaft 50 relative the intermediate case 62. That is, the #2 bearing structure 38-2 generally supports the low spool 30 and the #3 bearing structure 38-3 generally supports the high spool 32.

It should be appreciated that various systems such as thrust bearing structures, angled roller bearing structures and other arrangements will benefit herefrom.

[0035] A flex support 68 (illustrated schematically) epicyclic gear system 72 provides a flexible attachment of an epicyclic gear system 72 within the front center body 60. The flex support 68 reacts the torsional loads from the epicyclic gear system 72 and facilitates vibration absorption as well as other support functions. A centering spring 70 - a generally cylindrical cage-like structural component with a multiple of beams that extend between flange end structures - resiliently positions the #2 bearing structure 38-2 with respect to the low spool 30.

[0036] The low spool 30 drives the epicyclic gear system 72 of the geared architecture 48 in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment through a coupling shaft 74. The coupling shaft 74 transfers torque to the epicyclic gear system 72 as well as facilitates the segregation of vibrations and other transients.

[0037] A # 1/1.5 bearing support 80 and the front center body 60 define a forwardmost bearing compartment B-l . It should be appreciated that various bearing structures and seals may be supported by # 1/1.5 bearing support 80 to contain oil and support rotation of a fan output shaft 82 which connects the geared architecture 48 with the fan 42.

[0038] With reference to Figure 3, a baffle 84 is mounted to the # 1/1.5 bearing support 80 to define a cylindrical flange that extends axially therefrom relative to the engine central longitudinal axis A. The baffle 84 may be radially arranged either completely or partially around the epicyclic gear system 72. That is, the baffle 84 is defined radially outboard of a ring gear 86 of the epicyclic gear system 72. Oil is supplied through an epicyclic carrier 88 and into each journal pin 90 thereof to communicate outwardly and lubricate and cool the epicyclic gear system 72.

[0039] Oil is radially expelled through the ring gear 86 of the epicyclic gear system 72 through a multiple of oil passages 92 (one shown) toward the baffle 84 which includes an oil recovery gutter 100 axially aligned therewith. That is, the oil recovery gutter 100 is a radially displaced section that is axially aligned with the multiple of oil passages 92 to receive oil slung therefrom. It should be appreciated that the various supply and return passages may alternatively or additionally provided.

[0040] Radially outward directed knife seals 104 facilitate the direction of oil from the oil passages 92 into the oil recovery gutter 100 for communication into an auxiliary tank 96 through an inlet 98 (Figure 4). In one disclosed non-limiting embodiment, the oil recovery gutter 100 may be manufactured of a relatively softer material than the knife seals 104 so that the spinning knife seals 104 can rub on the baffle 84 without effect to the flexibly mounted epicyclic gear system 72. It should be appreciated that other interfaces may be utilized.

[0041] The baffle 84 includes a multiple of baffle holes 102 (also shown in Figure 5) axially displaced form the oil recovery gutter 100. The multiple of baffle holes 102 may form a full 360 degree, circular structure as illustrated in the disclosed, non-limiting embodiment, but may alternatively be less than 360 degrees should, for example, the oil slung off the epicyclic gear system 72 is limited to less than the full 360 degrees.

[0042] The baffle 84, in one disclosed non-limiting embodiment, defines the oil recovery gutter 100. (Figure 6). The baffle 84, in this disclosed non-limiting embodiment, projects into the front center body 60, starting from a similar axial position at the forward most inner diameter bolt flange 60A of the front center body 60 an axial distance D that is approximately 70% +25% / -30% of an axial length W of the front center body 60 from the forward most inner diameter bolt flange 60A to the aft most, inner diameter bolt flange 60B.

100431 In another disclosed non-limiting embodiment the baffle 84" is a component separate from an oil recovery gutter 100 'such as an integral flange extension from the front center body 60' [0044] The baffle 84 in the disclosed non-limiting embodiment is located proximate a rear of the forwardmost bearing compartment B-l that may be defined in part by an oil supply manifold 112. A separate area in the forwardmost bearing compartment B-l thereby operates as a compartment sump 106 from which quiescent oil is scavenged (Figure 7).

[0045] With reference to Figure5, the baffle holes 102 may be arranged in a multiple of rows. The first row of baffle holes 102-1 may, in the disclosed, non-limiting embodiment include eighty-nine (89) holes +/- 50% and the second row of baffle holes 102-2 may, in the disclosed, non-limiting embodiment include ninety (90) holes +/- 50%. It should be appreciated that other numbers of rows, number of baffle holes as well as the size and shape of the baffle holes 102 may alternatively or additionally be provided. It should also be appreciated that the baffle holes 102 may be utilized in any gas turbine engine structure that generates highly energized oil that is to be quieted and scavenged inclusive or exclusive of a geared architecture.

[0046] The baffle holes 102 slow and at least partial de-aerate the high-energy oil slung from the epicyclic gear system 72 prior to migration toward the auxiliary tank 96 and ultimately to the compartment sump 106 (Figure 7).

[0047] As the auxiliary tank 96 becomes full, the oil overflows into a bypass channel inlet 108 of a bypass channel 110 that may be defined by the # 1/1.5 bearing support 80 or the baffle 84. The oil is communicated by the bypass channel 110 around the # 1/1.5 bearing support 80 for release into the compartment sump 106 (Figure 7) through a multiple of bypass holes 114. The oil may then be scavenged therefrom. It should be appreciated that other oil communication arrangements and paths may alternatively or additonally be provided. [0048] It should be appreciated that like reference numerals identify corresponding or similar elements throughout the several drawings. It should also be appreciated that although a particular component arrangement is disclosed in the illustrated embodiment, other arrangements will benefit herefrom.

[0049] Although particular step sequences are shown, described, and claimed, it should be appreciated that steps may be performed in any order, separated or combined unless otherwise indicated and will still benefit from the present disclosure.

[0050] The foregoing description is exemplary rather than defined by the limitations within. Various non-limiting embodiments are disclosed herein, however, one of ordinary skill in the art would recognize that various modifications and variations in light of the above teachings will fall within the scope of the appended claims. It is therefore to be appreciated that within the scope of the appended claims, the disclosure may be practiced other than as specifically described. For that reason the appended claims should be studied to determine true scope and content.