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Title:
A FROTH FLOTATION ARRANGEMENT AND A FROTH FLOTATION METHOD
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/008214
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention comprises a froth flotation arrangement and method for treating mineral ore particles suspended in slurry. The froth flotation arrangement comprising a flotation cell (1) for separating the slurry (2) into an underflow (3) and an overflow (4), wherein the arrangement comprises: a primary line (18) comprising at least three flotation cells (1) connected in series, wherein each subsequent flotation cell (1) is arranged to receive the underflow (3) from the previous flotation cell (1), the flotation cell (1) comprising a tank (5), and the flotation cell (1) comprising an impeller (7) within the tank (5), and the flotation cell (1) comprising a gas supply (8) within the tank (5), the tank (5) comprising a volume of at least 200 m3, the flotation cell (1) comprising a froth collection launder (15) capable to receive the overflow (4), the froth collection launder (15) comprising a froth overflow lip (14), the flotation cell (1) having an available froth surface area (A froth), the flotation cell having a pulp area (A pulp), where the pulp area (A pulp) is calculated as an average from the cross sectional areas of the tank (5) at the height (hi) of the impeller (7). A ratio between a height (h) from a bottom (13) of the tank (5) to the froth overflow lip (14) of the froth collection launder (15) and the diameter (D) of the tank (5) at the height (hi) of the impeller (7) (h/D ) is less than 1,5. The third flotation cell (1) or subsequent flotation cell (1) in the series has a ratio between an available froth surface area and the pulp area (A froth/A pulp) less than 0,45.

Inventors:
YANEZ, Alejandro (Jääkärinkatu 4 A 12, Helsinki, 00150, FI)
GRAU, Rodrigo (Opiskelijantie 10, Pori, 28600, FI)
Application Number:
FI2017/050502
Publication Date:
January 10, 2019
Filing Date:
July 04, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY (Rauhalanpuisto 9, Espoo, 02230, FI)
International Classes:
B03D1/14; B03D1/02; B03D103/02
Domestic Patent References:
WO2009115348A12009-09-24
WO1993020945A11993-10-28
Foreign References:
US5251764A1993-10-12
US5039400A1991-08-13
US2182442A1939-12-05
EP0146235A21985-06-26
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
PAPULA OY (P.O. Box 981, Helsinki, 00181, FI)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A froth flotation arrangement for treating mineral ore particles suspended in slurry, comprising a flotation cell (1) for separating the slurry (2) into an underflow (3) and an overflow (4), wherein the arrangement comprises:

- a primary line (18) comprising at least three flotation cells (1) connected in series, wherein each subsequent flotation cell (1) is arranged to receive the underflow (3) from the previous flotation cell (1),

- the flotation cell (1) comprising a tank (5), and the flotation cell (1) comprising an impeller (7) within the tank (5), and

- the flotation cell (1) comprising g a gas supply (8) within the tank (5),

- the tank (5) comprising a volume of at least 200 m3,

- the flotation cell (1) comprising a froth collection launder (15) capable to receive the overflow (4),

- the froth collection launder (15) comprising a froth overflow lip (14),

- the flotation cell (1) having an available froth surface area (A froth),

- the flotation cell having a pulp area (A puiP), where the pulp area (A puip) is calculated as an average from the cross sectional areas of the tank (5) at the height (hi) of the impeller (7),

- a ratio between a height (h) from a bottom (13) of the tank (5) to the froth overflow lip (14) of the froth collection launder (15) and the diameter (D) of the tank (5) at the height (hi) of the impeller (7) (h/D ) is less than 1,5,

- c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the third flotation cell (1) or subsequent flotation cell (1) in the series has a ratio between an available froth surface area and the pulp area (A froth/A puiP) less than 0,45.

2. A froth flotation arrangement according to claim 1, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that a ratio between a height (h) from a bottom (13) of the tank (5) to the froth overflow lip (14) of the froth collection launder (15) and the diameter (D) of the tank (5) (h/D) is less than 1,1.

3. A froth flotation arrangement according to any of claims 1-2, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the ratio between the available froth surface area and the pulp area (A froth/A puiP ) is from 0,1 to 0,45.

4. A froth flotation arrangement according to any of claims 1-3, characterized in that the periphery shape of the froth collection launder (15) shape corresponds the tank (5) periphery shape.

5. A froth flotation arrangement according to any of claims 1-4, characterized in that the froth collection launder (15) comprises an internal peripheral launder or the tank (5) comprises an internal peripheral froth blocker (17).

6. A froth flotation arrangement according to claim 5, character- i z e d in that the ratio between the area of the internal peripheral launder and the pulp area (A int launder /A puip), or the ratio between the area of the internal peripheral froth blocker (17) and the pulp area (A int blocker /A puip), is more than 0,1, preferably more than 0,1 and less than 0,5.

7. A froth flotation arrangement according to any of claims 1 -6, characterized in that the tank (5) is circular in cross section at the overflow lip height (h2) of the tank (5).

8. A froth flotation arrangement according to any of claims 1-7, characterized in that the froth collection launders (15) are circular shaped and positioned coaxially.

9. A froth flotation arrangement according to claim 8, characterize d in that an average froth transport distance (dtr) is less than 100 cm, preferably is less than 100 cm and more than 5 cm.

10. A froth flotation arrangement according to any of claims 1-9, characterized in that the tank (5) comprises at least three separate froth collection launders (15).

11. A froth flotation arrangement according to claim 10, characterized in that the number of overflow lips (14) in the froth collection loun- ders (15) is five.

12. A froth flotation arrangement according to any of claims 1-7, characterized in that the froth collection launders (15) are positioned in radial direction (r) of the tank (5).

13. A froth flotation arrangement according to any of claims 8-11, characterized in that a ratio between the average transport distance (dtr) and a froth collection launder average width (w) in radial direction (r)

14. An arrangement in a froth flotation cell according to any of claims 1-13, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the gas supply (8) comprises a pipe delivering gas to the bottom (13) part of the tank (5) at least partly under the impeller (7), or a conduit formed to an agitator (9) comprising the impeller (7).

15. An arrangement in a froth flotation cell according to any of claims 1-14, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the flotation cell (1) comprises an agitator (9) comprising an impeller (7) and a stator (10).

16. A froth flotation method for treating mineral ore particles suspended in slurry, and in the method separating the slurry (2) in a flotation cell (1) into an underflow (3) and an overflow (4), the method comprising the steps of:

- connecting at least three flotation cells (1) in series for creating a primary line (18),

- feeding the slurry (2) to a tank (5) of the flotation cell (1),

- wherein each subsequent flotation cell (1) is receiving the underflow (3) from the previous flotation cell (1),

- introducing gas into the tank (5) through a gas supply (8),

- mixing the slurry (2) and the gas with an impeller (7) within the tank (5),

- providing the tank (5) with a volume of at least 200 m3,

- receiving the overflow (4) in a froth collection launder (15) provided in the flotation cell (1),

- receiving the overflow (4) over a froth overflow lip (14) provided in the froth collection launder (15),

- forming an available froth surface area (A froth) in the flotation cell (1),

- the flotation cell (1) having a pulp area (A puiP), where the pulp area (A puiP) is calculated as an average from the cross sectional areas of the tank (5) at the height of the impeller (hi),

- providing the tank (5) with a ratio between a height (h) from a bottom (13) of the tank (5) to the froth overflow lip (14) of the froth collection launder (15) and the diameter (D) of the tank

(5) at the height (hi) of the impeller (7) of a pulp area (h/D ) being less than 1,5,

- c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that feeding the underflow (3) to the third flotation cell (1) or subsequent flotation cell (1) in the se- ries wherein a ratio between an available froth surface area and the pulp area (A froth/A puiP) comprises less than 0,45.

17. A froth flotation method according to claim 16, characterized in that the ratio between a height (h) from a bottom (13) of the tank (5) to the froth overflow lip (14) of a froth collection launder (15) and the diameter (D) of the tank (5) (h/D) is less than 1,1.

18. A froth flotation method according to any of claims 16-17, characterized in that the slurry (2) comprises copper (Cu).

19. A froth flotation method according to claim 18, characterized in that the slurry (2) fed to the third flotation cell (1) or a subsequent flotation cell (1) in the series comprises copper (Cu) less than 0,2 weight %.

Description:
A FROTH FLOTATION ARRANGEMENT AND A FROTH FLOTATION METHOD

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

[0001] The invention relates to a froth flotation arrangement and a froth flotation method, and particularly to an arrangement and a method com- prising a primary line comprising at least three flotation cells connected in series.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

[0002] A froth flotation arrangement is used for treating mineral ore particles suspended in slurry.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0003] An object of the present invention is to provide a froth flotation arrangement and a method for treating mineral ore particles suspended in slurry. The objects of the invention are achieved by a method and an arrangement which are characterized by what is stated in the independent claims. The preferred embodiments of the invention are disclosed in the dependent claims.

[0004] The invention is based on an arrangement for treating mineral ore particles suspended in slurry, comprising a flotation cell for separating the slurry into an underflow and an overflow. The arrangement comprises

- a primary line comprising at least three flotation cells connected in series, wherein each subsequent flotation cell is arranged to receive the under- flow from the previous flotation cell,

- the flotation cell comprising a tank, and the flotation cell comprising an impeller within the tank, and

- the flotation cell comprising g a gas supply within the tank,

- the tank has a volume of at least 200 m3,

- the flotation cell comprising a froth collection launder capable to receive the overflow,

- the froth collection launder comprising a froth overflow lip,

- the flotation cell having an available froth surface area,

- the flotation cell having a pulp area, where the pulp area is calculated as an average from the cross sectional areas of the tank at the height of the impeller,

- a ratio between a height from a bottom of the tank to the froth overflow lip of the froth collection launder and the diameter of the tank at the height of the impeller of a pulp area is less than 1,5, -the third flotation cell or subsequent flotation cell in the series has a ratio between an available froth surface area and the pulp area (A froth/A pulp) is less than 0,45..

[0005] The invention is based on a froth flotation method for treating mineral ore particles suspended in slurry, and in the method separating the slurry in a flotation cell into an underflow and an overflow, the method comprising the steps of:

- connecting at least three flotation cells in series for creating a primary line,

- feeding the slurry to a tank of the flotation cell,

- wherein each subsequent flotation cell is receiving the underflow from the previous flotation cell,

- introducing gas into the tank through a gas supply,

- mixing the slurry and the gas with an impeller within the tank,

- providing the tank with a volume of at least 200 m 3 ,

- receiving the overflow in a froth collection launder provided in the flotation cell,

- receiving the overflow over a froth overflow lip provided in the froth collection launder,

- forming an available froth surface area in the flotation cell,

- the flotation cell having a pulp area, where the pulp area is calculated as an average from the cross sectional areas of the tank at the height of the impeller,

- providing the tank with a ratio between a height from a bottom of the tank to the froth overflow lip of the froth collection launder and the diameter of the tank at the height of the impeller of a pulp area being less than 1,5,

- feeding the underflow to the third flotation cell or subsequent flotation cell in the series wherein a ratio between an available froth surface area and the pulp area comprises less than 0,45.

[0006] An effect of the method and arrangement of the invention is that reduced available froth area on the top of the tank leads to a good froth recovery since the transport distance of the fragile bubble particle aggregate to a froth collection launder is reduced. Further, the reduced horizontal transport distance takes more relevance for the recovery of coarse particles. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0007] In the following the invention will be described in greater detail by means of preferred embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which

Figure 1 shows a top view of a froth flotation arrangement;

Figure 2 shows a side view of the arrangement shown in Figure 1;

Figure 3 shows a perspective view of two froth collection launders;

Figure 4 shows a top view of a froth flotation arrangement;

Figure 5 shows a side view of a froth flotation arrangement;

Figure 6 shows a top view of a froth flotation arrangement;

Figure 7 shows a side view of a froth flotation arrangement;

Figure 8 shows a primary line in a froth flotation arrangement.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

[0008] Figure 1 shows a top view of a froth flotation arrangement for treating mineral ore particles suspended in slurry. Figure 2 shows a side view of the arrangement shown in Figure 1. The froth flotation arrangement comprises a flotation cell 1 which separates the slurry 2 into an underflow 3 and an overflow 4.

[0009] Froth flotation is a physical separation method for separating particles based on differences in the ability of air bubbles to selectively adhere to specific mineral surfaces in a mineral/water slurry. If a mixture of hydrophobic and hydrophilic particles are suspended in water, and air is bubbled through the suspension, then the hydrophobic particles will tend to attach to the air bubbles.

[0010] The tank 5 of the flotation cell 1 contains slurry 2 which is a mixture of solid particles in a carrier liquid, e.g. mineral particles in water. The bubble— particle aggregates move up in the froth flotation cell 1 by buoyancy forming a froth 6 layer on the surface. The froth 6 comprises water, bubbles and particles.

[0011] The tank 5 is mechanically agitated. The tank 5 comprises an impeller 7 within the tank 5 and a gas supply 8. The agitator 9 disperses air in the slurry 2, pumps slurry 2, keeps solids in the suspension and provides an environment in the cell tank 5 for interaction of bubbles and hydrophobic particles and their subsequent attachment and therefore separation of valuable mineral particles from the undesired gangue mineral particles. The agitator 9 comprises an impeller 7 and a drive assembly for rotating the impeller 7. Further, the agita- tor 9 may also comprise a stator 10 for providing a more stable air dispersion. The drive assembly may comprise a motor 11 and a drive shaft 12.

[0012] A gas supply 8 to the froth flotation cell 1 comprises pressurized or self-aspirating gas supply. Examples of pressurized gas supply systems are pipes or tubes delivering gas to the bottom part of the tank 5 at least partly under the impeller 7. Gas may be supplied to the impeller 7 area also through conduits formed to the agitator 9 comprising the impeller 7.

[0013] The tank 5 volume is preferably large and comprises at least 200 m 3 . The tank 5 volume comprises the volume of the tank 5 surrounding the slurry 2 measured from the bottom 13 of the tank 5 to height h2 of a froth overflow lip 14 of the froth collection launder 15. The tank 5 may comprise smaller cylindrical containers within it. Large tank 5 volumes have benefits such as lower capital, operating and maintenance costs.

[0014] The tank 5 further comprises a froth collection launder 15 comprising a froth overflow lip 14. The froth collection launder 15 is capable to receive the overflow 4. Figure 3 shows a perspective view of two froth collection launders 15. The froth collection launder 15 collects the froth 6 from the surface, i.e. the overflow 4, and transports it out of the tank 5 of the froth flotation cell 1. The froth collection launder 15 is an inclined drainage module. The froth 6 layer level is generally above the froth overflow lip 14 of the launder 15 permitting the froth 6 to flow over the overflow lip 14. The froth collection launder 15 comprises a subsurface discharge pipe 16 for carrying the froth 6 or concentrate product, i.e. the overflow 4, from the launder 15 to outside of the tank 5, for instance.

[0015] The froth flotation cell 1 can have one or more froth collection launders 15 which can be either internal or external, double, radial, depending on the capacity of the froth collection launder 15 necessary for the froth 6 removal. An internal launder means a froth collection launder 15 which is positioned at least partially above the pulp area A pu i P .

[0016] In the arrangement in the froth flotation cell 1 the ratio be- tween an available froth surface area and the pulp area A froth/A pu i P is less than 0,45, where the pulp area A pu i P is calculated as an average from the cross sectional areas of the tank 5 at the height of the impeller hi. The available froth surface area A froth is the horizontal area at the top of the tank 5 which is open for the froth 6 to flow at the height h of the lip 14 of the froth collection launder 15. The available froth surface area A froth is the dashed froth 6 areas shown in Figure 1, Figure 4 and Figure 6. This reduced available froth surface area Af ro th on the top of the tank 5 shortens the transport distance of the fragile bubble particle aggregate to a froth collection launder or launders 15. Solid particles are an important component of the froth 6 structure and adequate solid particles will also lead to a high froth 6 stability and a better transportation of the froth 6 to the launder lip. A bet- ter particle recovery is then obtained and especially with coarse particles. Additionally, the reduced available froth surface area A froth stabilizes the froth 6 by creating a thicker froth 6 layer as a flotation cell 1 with a high froth surface area could lead to a situation where insufficient material with solid particles is present to stabilize the froth 6.

[0017] The ratio between a height h from a bottom 13 of the tank 5 to the lip 14 of the froth collection launder 15 and the diameter D of the tank 5 at the height of the impeller h/D is less than 1,5. This means the tank 5 is relatively shallow.

[0018] The third flotation cell lor subsequent flotation cell 1 in the series of connected flotation cells 1 has a ratio between the available froth surface area and the pulp area A froth/A pu i P less than 0,45.

[0019] The arrangement provides a high concentrate content to the overflow 4 of the flotation cell 1 even when the slurry 2 fed to the flotation cell 1 is diluted, i.e. the flotation cell 1 receives an underflow 4 resulting from a multiple of previous flotation cells 1. A shallow tank 5 having a relatively large pulp area A puip provides a long residence time for the particles in the slurry 2 to meet air bubbles and create air bubble particle aggregates. The significance of the residence time increases with decreasing concentrate content of the inlet slurry 2. The reduced available froth surface area A froth creats a thicker froth 6 layer and results in a more pure froth 6. In an embodiment the ratio between a height h from a bottom of the tank 13 to the froth overflow lip 14 of the froth collection launder 15 and the diameter D of the tank h/D is less than 1,1. This means the tank 5 is shallow.

[0020] In an embodiment the ratio between the available froth sur- face area and the pulp area A froth/A pu i P is from 0,1 to 0,45. The decrease in the available surface area A froth for the froth 6 to flow causes the rising particles to flow also in a horizontal direction. In order to keep the froth 6 layer stabile the ratio is preferably not below the lower limit.

[0021] The periphery shape of the froth collection launder 15 shape may correspond the tank 5 periphery shape. The shape of the froth collection launder 15 may be circular or rectangular, for instance. [0022] The reduction of the available froth surface area A froth is preferably made at the periphery of the tank 5. This is advantageous as in the middle of the tank 5 are more gas bubbles than in the periphery. The reduction of the available froth surface area A froth can be implemented by means of an internal peripheral launder 15, or a froth blocker 17, for instance. An internal peripheral type of a froth collection launder 15 extends around the inside top of the sidewall of the tank 5 as shown in Fig.4.

[0023] If the tank 5 comprises either an internal peripheral launder 15 or a peripheral froth blocker 17, the available froth surface area A froth may be defined by subtracting a launder area A launder which is the area covered by froth collection launders 15 at the height h2 of the froth overflow lip 14, and a blocker area which is the area not available for the froth 6 and not covered by the froth collection launders 15 at the height h2 of the lip 14 of the froth collection launder 15 from the pulp area A pu i P .

[0024] As an example, the ratio between the area of the internal peripheral launder and the pulp area A ln t launder /A pu i P , or the ratio between the area of the peripheral froth blocker and the pulp area A biocker/A pu i P , is more than 0,1, preferably more than 0,1 and less than 0,5. The angle of ascent for the air bubble particle aggregates limits the amount of the froth surface area which can be re- duced. If the angle of descent becomes too low-gradient the air bubble particle aggregates start forming air pockets causing the particles to drop back.

[0025] In an embodiment the tank 5 is circular in cross section at the froth overflow lip height h2 of the tank 5 as shown in Fig.2. Further, the froth collection launders 15 are circular shaped and positioned coaxially as shown in Fig- ure 1. A circular tank 5 provides a more stable air bubble dispersion causing a more stable froth layer as the impeller 7 is positioned in the middle of the tank 5 producing a circular shaped air bubble zone.

[0026] Figure 3 presents an embodiment comprising two froth collection launders 15, and the first launder 15 is arranged within the second launder 15 at a distance apart di. The froth collection launders 15 comprise circular peripheries.

[0027] The average froth transport distance d tr is preferably less than 100 cm and more than 5 cm with circular shaped and coaxially positioned froth collection launders 15. The average froth transport distance d tr is the distance the froth 6 has to travel in horizontal direction before reaching the froth overflow lip 14. The average froth distance d tr is calculated as a ratio between the sum of the transport distances between the froth collection launders 15 and the number of the froth collection launders 15 (di+d2+...d n )/n. If two launders 15 have overflow lips 14 facing each other the transport distance is half of the distance between the two launders 15, e.g. half of the distance between the froth overflow lips 14. When two launders 15 have an overflow lip 14 and a launder side wall facing each other the transport distance is the distance between the two launders 15, e.g. the distance between the froth overflow lip 14 and the side wall.

[0028] If the average froth transport distance d tr is too long some particles of the air bubble agglomerates may detach and flow downwards. This froth drop back reduces the froth recovery to the froth collection launders 15.

[0029] The tank 5 may comprise at least three separate froth collection launders 15, and the number of froth overflow lips 14 in the froth collection lounders 15 is five as shown in Figure 5. The outer froth collection launder 15 comprises an internal peripheral launder with one froth overflow lip 14. The oth- er two internal froth collection launders 15 comprise two froth overflow lips 14 each. This arrangement reduces the drop back of the air bubble particle agglomerates as the transport distance to a froth collection launder 15 is shorter compared to a case where there is only one froth collection lauder 15.

[0030] Figure 7 shows an embodiment where the froth flotation cell 1 comprises two froth collection launders 15 and a froth blocker 17, a cone blocker in the middle of the tank 5. The available froth surface area A froth is further reduced with a peripheral froth blocker 17. The outer froth collection launder 15 has two froth overflow lips 14. The inner froth collection launder 15 has one froth overflow lip 14 facing the froth blocker 17.

[0031] In another embodiment the froth collection launders 15 are positioned in radial direction r of the tank 5 as shown in Figure 6.

[0032] The average froth transport distance d tr is preferably less than 100 cm and more than 5 cm with froth collection launders 15 positioned in radial direction r of the tank 5. The average froth distance is calculated as a ratio be- tween the sum of the transport distances between the froth collection launders 15 and the number of the froth collection launders (di+d2+...d n )/n. The transport distance between two launders 15 having overflow lips 14 facing each other is half of the distance between the two launders. The transport distance between two launders 15 having an overflow lip 14 and a launder side wall facing each other is the distance between the two launders. The distance between two launders 15 is an average of the distances between the first ends and the second ends of the two radially directed r launders 15.

[0033] Further, in an embodiment comprising froth collection launders 15 in a peripheral direction of the tank 5 a ratio between the average transport distance d tr and a froth collection launder 15 average width in radial direction d tr /w is 0,1-0,6. This ratio provides adequate size for the froth collection launder 15 to receive the flowing froth 6 overflow. If the froth collection launder 15 is too narrow compared to the amount of the overflowing froth 6 the transporting capacity of the launder is exceeded and the launder is clogged 15. In Figure 3 the average transport distance d tr is di/2.

[0034] In a froth flotation method for mineral ore particles suspended in slurry 2 are treated. In the method the slurry 2 in a flotation cell 1 is separated into an underflow 3 and an overflow 4. The method comprises the steps of: connecting at least three flotation cells 1 in series for creating a primary line 18, feeding the slurry 2 to a tank 5 of the flotation cell 1, wherein each subsequent flota- tion cell 1 is receiving the underflow 3 from the previous flotation cell 1, introducing gas into the tank 5 through a gas supply 8, mixing the slurry 2 and the gas with an impeller 8 within the tank 5, providing the tank 5 with a volume of at least 200 m3, receiving the overflow 4 in a froth collection launder 15 provided in the flotation cell 1, receiving the overflow 4 over a froth overflow lip 14 provided in the froth collection launder 15, forming an available froth surface area A f ro th in the flotation cell 1, the flotation cell 1 having a pulp area A pu i P , where the pulp area A pu i P is calculated as an average from the cross sectional areas of the tank 5 at the height hi of the impeller 8, providing the tank 5 with a ratio between a height h from a bottom 13 of the tank 5 to the froth overflow lip 14 of the froth collection launder 15 and the diameter D of the tank 5 at the height hi of the impeller 8 of a pulp area h/D being less than 1,5, feeding the underflow 3 to the third flotation cell 1 or subsequent flotation cell 1 in the series wherein a ratio between an available froth surface area and the pulp area A froth /A pulp comprises less than 0,45.

[0035] Further, in the froth flotation method the ratio between a height h from a bottom 13 of the tank 5 to the froth overflow lip 14 of a froth collection launder 15 and the diameter D of the tank is less than 1,1, for instance.

[0036] Figure 8 shows a primary line 18 in a froth flotation arrangement. The primary line 18 comprises at least three flotation cells 1 connected in series as shown in Fig.8. Each flotation cell 1 separates the slurry 2 into an underflow 3 and an overflow 4. Each subsequent flotation cell 1 is arranged to receive the underflow 3 from the previous flotation cell 1.

[0037] The presented arrangement and method are suitable for a slurry 2 comprising copper (Cu), for instance. The slurry 2 fed to the third flotation cell 1 or subsequent cell in the series may comprise copper (Cu) less than 0,2 weight %.

[0038] It will be obvious to a person skilled in the art that, as the technology advances, the inventive concept can be implemented in various ways. The invention and its embodiments are not limited to the examples described above but may vary within the scope of the claims.

[0039] Part list: 1 a flotation cell; 2 slurry, 3 an underflow; 4 an overflow; 5 a tank; 6 a froth; 7 an impeller; 8 a gas supply; 9 an agitator; 10 a stator; 11 a motor; 12 a drive shaft; 13 a bottom; 14 an overflow lip; 15 a froth collection launder; 16 a discharge pipe; 17 a froth blocker; 18 a primary line.

[0040] A blocker a blocker area; A int blocker an internal blocker area; A launder a launder area; A int launder a lauder area; A froth a froth surface area; A pu i P a pulp area; di, d 2 ,...d n a distance; d tr a transport distance; D a diameter; h a height; hi a height of the impeller; h2 a height; r a radial direction.




 
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