FRATICELLI, Gabriele (Vie Piergili 2, Cingoli, I-62011, IT)
1. A fume-discharge device for boilers, comprising a tubular main duct (2) in which a first and a second tubular section (3, 4) for fume intake and exhaust, respectively, are defined, a third section (5) being interposed between the first and the second section (3, 4) and including a valve seat (6) having an opening (10) for communication between the first and second section, a shutter member (7) being provided for cooperation with the valve seat (6) and for being moved from and to a position of closing off the valve seat, in order to oppose the return of the fumes in the direction towards the first section (3), means for guiding the shutter being provided in the region of the valve seat (6) in order to guide, in a manner movable to a limited extent, the shutter (7) from and to the closing-off position by the action of the passage of the fumes in the duct (2), characterized in that the valve opening (10) is defined at the end of a cylindrical portion (9) of the third section (5), and the shutter (7) comprises a plurality of rod-shaped appendages (12) which rise in the same direction from the shutter (7) and which are capable of engaging inside the portion (9) in relative sliding contact with the cylindrical profile thereof for the axial guiding of the shutter (7) from and to the valve seat (6) coaxially with the opening (10).
2. A device according to claim 1, wherein four appendages (12) are provided which rise from the shutter (7) in the same direction with a regular angular pitch and which extend parallel with each other from a circumferential edge (13) of the shutter (7) adjacent to an annular surface thereof capable of cooperating with the valve seat (6) in order to close it in a sealed manner.
3. A device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein anti-detachment means are provided between the shutter (7) and the valve seat (6) and are suitable for preventing the disengagement of the shutter (7) during the axial movement thereof away from the valve seat (6). 4. A device according to claim 3, wherein the anti-detachment means comprise portions (15) which lengthen the appendages (12) and which extend at the free ends of the appendages with a pre-selected inclination with respect to the direction of the axial extent of the appendage, in such a manner as to interfere with a respective inclined surface of the third tubular section (5) during the axial movement of the shutter (7) away from the valve seat (6).
5. A device according to claim 4, wherein the inclined surface capable of interfering with the appendages (12) is defined by a frustoconical wall extending in the third section (5) in a position adjacent to and coaxial with the valve seat (6). 6. A device according to claim 5, wherein each appendage (12) is lengthened by a respective inclined portion, having the same, predetermined, inclination, capable of engaging with the frustoconical wall, with an anti-detachment function in respect of the shutter (7) relative to the seat (6). 7. A device according to one or more of the preceding claims, wherein the second and third sections (4, 5) define a volume for collecting condensation water, which is placed in communication with an outlet (17) which opens into the main duct (2).
The present invention relates to a boiler fume discharge device, particularly for condensation boilers, having the features set out in the preamble of the main claim no. 1.
The device of the invention is for particular, although not exclusive, application in installations comprising a plurality of boilers operating in series with each other, or operating as a group in accordance with a configuration such that each duct for discharging the fumes of the respective boiler is connected to a single main fume-exhaust duct. In such applications, which are designed to optimise the output and management of the installation, the boilers are positioned adjacent to each other and each of them is provided with a discharge duct which extends substantially vertically and which is connected to the main discharge duct, the latter extending transversely and being dimensioned in accordance with the number and overall power of the boilers installed. In that type of installation, it may be provided that the boilers do not operate simultaneously and in that case it is necessary to ensure that the discharge fumes of the boilers that are in operation do not flow back towards the boilers that are not in operation and from there into the surrounding environment. To that end, valve devices for closing off the fumes are known which are located inside the discharge duct of each individual boiler. Those devices generally comprise a shutter member guided vertically in the discharge duct and cooperating with a valve seat to ensure the flow of the fumes in one direction and to prevent the return thereof in the opposite direction, operating substantially as a non-return valve. The valve seat is typically defined between two tubular sections which are adjacent to each other and define the discharge duct. In addition, it is known to provide in the region of one of the sections a collecting chamber having an exhaust duct, these being designed to collect and discharge the condensation water, respectively.
A known type of those devices provides a discoidal shutter body from the centre of which a rod-shaped support rises, the support cooperating with an upright guide means which is provided in the region of the valve seat and which comprises a plurality of radial fins extending, with a preselected circumferential pitch, in the direction of the main axis of the valve and defining at their free ends a plurality of respective surfaces which together define the guide cooperating with the rod-shaped shaft of the shutter. Such a device is described in the prior art document DE 19906736. Description of the invention A principal object of the invention is to provide a fume-discharge device for boilers in which the structure of the means for guiding the shutter body is more simplified than the known solutions, with a consequent simplification, with reduced costs, of the stages of manufacturing and assembling the closing-off member. In addition, if the valve device is produced from plastics material, the structural simplification is also reflected in the setting-up of the moulds and equipment provided for the moulding of the components of the closing-off member and also of the valve seat.
That object is achieved by the invention by means of a fume-discharge device for boilers which is produced in accordance with the claims, which follow. Brief description of the drawings Further features and advantages of the invention will emerge more clearly from the following detailed description of a preferred embodiment thereof which is illustrated by way of non-limiting example with reference to the appended drawings in which: - Figure 1 is a side view of a device produced in accordance with the invention,
- Figures 2 and 3 are views in axial section of the device of Figure 1, in two distinct operative positions of the closing-off member,
- Figure 4 is a perspective view, on a reduced scale, of the device of the previous Figures, - Figure 5 is a perspective view of a detail of the device of the previous Figures,
- Figures 6 and 7 are side and plan views, respectively, of the detail of Figure 5.
Preferred embodiment of the invention With reference to the mentioned Figures, a fume-discharge device for boilers, particularly for condensation boilers, which is produced in accordance with the present invention is generally indicated 1. The device comprises a main fume- discharge duct 2 which is substantially cylindrical in shape with a main axis X and in which are defined a first tubular section 3 for fume intake and a second section 4 for fume exhaust. The first section 3 is capable of communicating with a boiler, while the second section 4 is capable of communicating with a master fume-discharge tube (not shown), to which the discharge fumes of a possible plurality of boilers connected to each other as a group can be conveyed. In the duct 2, the fume-discharge flow is directed axially in the direction indicated by the arrow A in Figure 1. The device also comprises a third section 5 which is interposed between the sections 3 and 4 inside the duct 2 and which includes a valve seat 6 capable of cooperating with a shutter member 7, described in detail hereinafter. The third section 5 is defined by a frustoconical tubular portion 8 which is connected to the fume-intake section 3 and which also continues coaxially as a cylindrical portion 9 which has an opening 10 with a circular cross-section defining the outflow section of the valve seat 6, in communication with the fume-exhaust section 4. The shutter 7, which is provided to cooperate with the valve seat 6, comprises a discoidal body 11 from which four rod-shaped appendages 12 rise in the same direction. To be more precise, the appendages 12 extend parallel with each other and transversely to one of the opposite faces of the shutter, and are arranged at a regular angular pitch (pitch of 90°) starting from a circumferential edge 13 of the shutter adjacent to an annular surface 14 thereof. The surface 14 is capable of cooperating with the valve seat 6 to ensure that the latter is closed in a sealed manner.
The position of the appendages 12 on the shutter body is selected in such a manner that they are capable of engaging inside the portion 9 in relative sliding contact with the cylindrical profile thereof, in order to guide the shutter 7 axially from and to the valve seat 6 coaxially with the opening 10. In other words, the appendages 12, by engaging with the cylindrical surface of the valve seat, inside the opening 10, ensure the axially guided movement of the shutter 7 from and to the position of closing off the valve seat. That position of closing the opening 10 is shown in Figure 2, while Figure 3 illustrates the position of maximum axial removal of the shutter from the valve seat. Although the described preferred embodiment provides for four appendages, it will be appreciated that a different number of appendages may nevertheless be provided, starting from a minimum of three appendages in order to ensure positioning stability in the function of guiding the shutter in the valve seat. Also provided are means for the anti-detachment of the shutter from the valve seat which comprise, for each appendage 12, a respective portion 15 which lengthens the appendage and which extends at the free end thereof with a pre-selected inclination with respect to the direction of the axial extent. The inclined portions 15 are provided to interfere with the frustoconical surface of the portion 8 during the axial movement of the shutter, away from the valve seat, in order to prevent the disengagement thereof, as shown clearly in Figure 3.
Also provided in the fume-discharge device 1 is a volume for collecting condensation water, generally indicated 16, which is jointly defined by the sections 4 and 5 and which is placed in communication with an outlet 17 which is preferably produced integrally with the duct 2.
In operation, it is provided that, in the fume discharge phase, the flow of fumes conveyed in the direction of the arrow A urges the shutter to open the valve seat, permitting the passage of fumes to the exhaust section and from there to the master discharge tube. Whenever the boiler with which the device is associated is not in operation, the discharge fumes conveyed in the master tube are prevented from flowing back through the opening 10, in the opposite direction to the arrow A, by the closing intervention of the shutter which is urged towards the valve seat by the action of the return flow of the fumes. The invention thus achieves the proposed objects, gaining numerous advantages over the known solutions.
A main advantage resides in the fact that the device according to the invention has a simplified structure which integrates the three tubular sections of the duct, defining the valve seat and the guide means cooperating with the shutter. The structural simplicity also makes it possible to manufacture, with simplified moulding processes and at reduced cost, the tubular body of the device, on the one hand, and the shutter body, on the other, with as much ease of assembly of the shutter in the valve seat. This therefore also enables the device to be produced in a simple manner by moulding plastics material, given that the provision of the moulds does not involve any particular complexity.