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Title:
FURNITURE HINGE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2009/115170
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The furniture hinge comprises a first and a second equaliser connecting, operatively to each other, a box- shaped body- adapted to be fixed to a door of the furniture and an arm of a hinge adapted to be fixed to a fixed element of the furniture, the first equaliser being pivoted to the box- shaped body through a first pin and to the hinge arm through a second pin parallel to the first pin, the second equaliser being pivoted to the box- shaped body through a third pin parallel to the first pin and the hinge arm through a fourth pin parallel to the first pin, further provided for also being a flexure spring for generating a force on the door during the rotation of the hinge, the flexure spring being wound around a pin fixed to the hinge arm and having a first arm abutting against the hinge arm and a second arm abutting against a control cam present on the first equaliser, further provided for being a contact surface between the control cam and the second arm, during the rotation of the hinge, moves both along the profile of the control cam and along the profile of the second arm.

Inventors:
SALICE, Luciano (Via Ronco 30, Carimate, I-22060, IT)
Application Number:
EP2009/000786
Publication Date:
September 24, 2009
Filing Date:
February 05, 2009
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
ARTURO SALICE S.P.A. (Via Provinciale Novedratese 10, Novedrate, I-22060, IT)
SALICE, Luciano (Via Ronco 30, Carimate, I-22060, IT)
International Classes:
E05D11/10; E05F1/12; E05F5/00
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
RAPISARDI, Mariacristina (Ufficio Brevetti Rapisardi S.r.l, Via Serbelloni 12, Milano, I-20122, IT)
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Claims:

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1. Furniture hinge of the type comprising a first and a second equaliser connecting, operatively to each other, a box-shaped body adapted to be fixed to a door of said furniture and am hinge arm adapted to be directly or indirectly fixed to a fixed element of said furniture, said first equaliser being pivoted to said box-shaped body through a first pin and to said hinge arm through a second pin parallel to said first pin, said second equaliser being pivoted to said box-shaped body through a third pin parallel to said first pin and said hinge arm through a fourth pin parallel to said first pin, further provided for also being a flexure spring for restoring said door during the rotation of said hinge, said flexure spring being wound around a pin fixed to said hinge arm and having a first arm abutting against said hinge arm and a second arm abutting against a control cam present on said first equaliser, characterised in that it has a contact surface between said control cam and said second arm of said spring which, during said rotation, moves the both along the profile of said control cam and along the profile of said second arm of said spring.

2. Furniture hinge according to claim 1, characterised in that said control cam has a curvilinear profile having a centre of curvature positioned at a distance from said second pin.

3. Furniture hinge according to one or more of the preceding

claims, characterised in that said curvilinear profile is arched and has a constant radius of curvature .

4. Furniture hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said contact surface is between the profile of said control cam and a rectilinear section of the profile of said second arm.

5. Furniture hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said control cam is proximal to the end of said first equaliser pivoted to said second pin.

6. Furniture hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said control cam is made in a single piece with said first equaliser.

7. Furniture hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said control cam is made in a piece associated to said first equaliser.

8. Furniture hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that it has a device for decelerating its rotation.

9. Furniture hinge according to one or more of the preceding claims, characterised in that said second arm of said flexure spring has an opening camber almost absent and a minimum closure camber.

10. Furniture hinge as described and claimed.

Description:

FURNITURE HINGE

DESCRIPTION

The present invention refers to a furniture hinge of the type comprising a hinge arm adapted to be fixed directly or indirectly onto a fixed element of the furniture and a box- shaped element adapted to be fixed onto a door of the furniture, and a first and a second equaliser connecting the box-shaped body and the arm operatively to each other defining an articulated quadrilateral therewith. Such hinges usually have springs of various types for creating a closure and/or opening restoring force of the doors on which they are applied.

In a currently common embodiment, the restoring spring, of the flexure type, is peripherally wound around a hinging pin of the second equaliser, to the hinge arm and has a first arm abutting against the hinge arm a second arm abutting against a control cam present on the first equaliser.

Hinges of the abovementioned type with a closure restoring force on the door usually require a considerable effort to open the door during an angular excursion of the same, such excursion being extremely limited starting from its closed position.

This leads to an excessive mechanical stress on the spring, due to the fact the second spring arm is subjected to a large camber during most of the opening movement of the hinge and it can have a noticeable opposite camber during the last opening arc of the hinge before reaching the maximum opening

of the door.

All this gives rise to an intense stress caused by mechanical fatigue of the spring jeopardising its structural integrity within a short period of time.

Therefore, the technical task of the present invention is that of providing a furniture hinge capable of eliminating the technical drawbacks observed in the known art .

In the scope of this technical task, an object of the invention is that of providing a furniture hinge capable of allowing the opening of a door with a limited effort, though maintaining a good restoring force of the door when closing.

Another object of the invention is that of providing a furniture hinge which is mechanically extremely resistant, and capable of maximally limiting the mechanical fatigue stress to which the restoring spring is subjected.

Last but not least, an object of the invention is that of providing a furniture hinge which is strong, long-lasting and accurate in its operation, as well as being inexpensive.

The technical task, as well as these and other objects, according to the present invention are attained by providing a furniture hinge according to claim 1.

Furthermore, other characteristics according to the present invention are defined in the subsequent claims .

Further characteristics and advantages of the invention shall be clearer from the description of a preferred but not exclusive embodiment of the furniture hinge according to the

finding, illustrated for indicative and non-limiting purposes in the attached drawings, wherein:

- Figure 1 shows a side view of the first equaliser of a hinge according to the known art;

- Figure 2 shows a longitudinal section of a hinge according to a first preferred embodiment of the invention, wherein the first equaliser is illustrated at the open and closure position of the door;

- Figure 3 shows a side view of the first equaliser of the hinge of figure 2;

- Figure 4 shows a partial longitudinal section of a second preferred embodiment of the first equaliser of a hinge according to the present invention;

- Figure 5 shows a longitudinal section of a portion of the hinge of figure 2 comprising the first equaliser in opening and closure position of the door, in a reference position and in an intermediate position between the reference position and the closer position; and

- Figure 6 shows a diagram representing the opening force of the door depending on the opening angle both for the hinge of figure 2 according to the present invention, and a hinge having the first equaliser as represented in figure 1 (obtained from the known art) replacing the first equaliser as represented in figure 3.

Referring to the abovementioned figures, shown is a furniture hinge, indicated in its entirety with reference number 1. The hinge 1 comprises a first equaliser 2 and a second equaliser

3 connecting, operatively to each other, the box-shaped body

4 adapted to be fixed to a door 5 of the furniture and a hinge arm 6 adapted to be directly or indirectly fixed to a fixed element 7 of the furniture.

The first equaliser 2 is pivoted to the box-shaped body 4 through a first pin 8 and to the hinge arm 6 through a second pin 9 parallel to the first pin 8.

The second equaliser 3 is pivoted to the box-shaped body 4 through a third pin 10 parallel to the first pin 8 and to the hinge arm 6 through a fourth pin 11 parallel to the first pin

8.

The structure made up of the box-shaped body 4 and the hinge arm 6 operatively connected by the equalisers 2 and 3 through pins 8,9,10, and 11 forms an articulated quadrilateral.

A flexure spring 12 is provided for the return of the door 5 during the rotation of the hinge 1.

The spring 12, in the final door closure phase, allows creating a restoring force on the door for a spontaneous and accurate closure thereof .

The flexure spring 12 is wound around a pin fixed to the hinge arm 6, in particular to the fourth pin 11, and it has a first spring arm 13 abutting against a hinge arm 6 and second spring arm 14 abutting against a control cam 15 present on the first equaliser 2.

According to an advantageous aspect of the invention, the hinge 1 has a contact surface 16 between the control cam 15 and the second spring arm 14 which, during the rotation of

the hinge 1, moves both along the profile of the control cam

15 and along the profile of the second spring arm 14.

More precisely, the contact surface 16, during the rotation of the hinge 1, slides along the profile 17 of the control cam 15 and along a rectilinear section 20 of the profile of the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12.

The control cam 15 has a curvilinear profile 17 having a curvature centre 18 positioned at a distance from the second hinging pin 9.

Preferably, the profile 17 of the control cam 15 is an arch having a constant radius of curvature 19 and a centre of curvature 18 positioned at a distance from the second hinging pin 9. The concavity of the profile 17 of the control cam 15 is faces the second hinging pin 9.

The control cam 15 is positioned proximal to the end of the first equaliser 2 pivoted to the second pin 9, and it can be made in a single piece with the first equaliser 2, as illustrated in figure 3, or as a separated piece associated to the first equaliser 2, as illustrated in figure 4.

With reference to figures 5 and 6 now examined are some parameters for comparing the hinge 1 according to the present invention and a hinge in which the first equaliser of figure

3 is replaced by the first equaliser of figure 1 according to the known art .

Represented in figure 5 is only the apical part 21 of a control cam 22 of the first equaliser of figure 1 which slides with its vertex at contact with the second arm 14 of

the flexure spring 12.

Now, following is a comparison of the sliding trajectory of the vertex point 23 of the apical part 21 of the control cam 22 on the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 and the sliding trajectory of the control cam 15 with respect to the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 wherein the contact surface 16 is represented in figure 2 with a point 24 for simplification purposes.

In figure 5, 2A indicates the first equaliser in the configuration of maximum opening of the hinge 1, 2B indicates the first equaliser in the configuration of closure of the hinge 1, 2C is the first equaliser in the intermediate reference configuration of the hinge 1 wherein the position of point 23 and point 24 coincide, 2D is the first equaliser in a configuration of the hinge 1 intermediate between configuration B and C.

In figure 5, 23A, 23B, 23C and 23D are used to indicate the position of point 23 in configuration A, B, C and D respectively; analogously, 24A, 24B, 24C and 24D respectively indicate the position of point 24 in configuration A, B, C and D respectively.

In figure 5, Fl is used to indicate the closure camber to which the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 is subjected actuated by the control cam 15 to close the hinge, F2 is used to indicate the closure camber to which the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 is subjected actuated by the control cam 22 to close the hinge and F3 is used to indicate the

closure camber to which the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 is subjected ton actuated by the control cam 22 for the maximum opening of the hinge, the opening camber to which the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 actuated by the control cam 15, to open the hinge, not being indicated in that, as observed hereinafter, it is almost totally absent. In figure 5, it is clear that if from the reference configuration C, wherein points 23C and 24C coincide, the hinge is rotated to open, the contact point 23 moves towards the end of the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 exceeding the forward movement of point 24 and - on the contrary - if from the reference configuration C, wherein points 23C and 24C coincide, the hinge is rotated to close, contact point 23 moves away from the end of the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 exceeding the diverging movement of contact point 24.

In particular, in the opening configuration A, the attained contact point 23A is at a position most proximal to the end of the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 with respect to contact point 24A and this causes, for the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 actuated by the control cam 22, a greater relaxation giving forth to a noticeable opening camber F3 with respect to the almost absent opening camber of the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 actuated by the control cam 15.

In the same manner, in configuration D, the attained contact point 23D is at a more distant position from the end of the

second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 with respect to the contact point 24D and, even in a more accentuated manner, in the closure configuration B the attained contact point 23B is at a more distant position from the end of the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 with respect to the contact point 24B. This leads to a closure camber F2, for the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 actuated by the control cam 22, perceptibly greater than the closure camber Fl, for the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12 actuated by the control cam 15.

The description provided above derives from the fact that while contact point 23 moves along a circumference arc 30 with a constant radius centred on the axis 31 of the second pin 9, contact point 24 has a more limited movement deriving from its movement along a circumference arc 17 having a constant radius whose centre 18 in turn rotates with respect to the axis 31 of the second pin 9.

The dashed-dotted line of figure 6, representing - for the hinge provided with the first equaliser having a control cam 22 - the opening force F of the hinge depending on the opening angle β, shows an opening force with an intensity maintained high, at least during the initial opening phase, and with a high maximum intensity and with application on a small opening angle.

The continuous line of figure 6, which represents - for the hinge provided with the first equaliser with a control cam 15 - the opening force of the hinge depending on the opening

angle, shows an opening force with an intensity maintained lower with respect to the preceding case, at least during the initial opening phase, with lower maximum intensity, and with application on a wider opening angle.

Alongside the lower width of the arm b corresponding to the distance of the line of action of the force of the spring from the rotation axis of the first equaliser with a control cam 15, with respect to the corresponding width of the arm, and of the first equaliser with a control cam 22, this is also due to the fact that the camber of the spring has a smaller width and hence this can provide a more constant thrust force. Furthermore, while the control cam 22 has a point contact through its sharp edge with the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12, the control cam 15 has a extended contact on a surface with the second arm 14 of the flexure spring 12.

The above necessarily leads to a longer duration of the flexure spring 14 actuated by the control cam 15 in that subjected to a simple mechanical fatigue with a lower camber with respect to the fatigue alternated with greater camber generated during the an opening and subsequent closure cycle of the hinge with the equaliser according to the known art. Other advantages correlated to the use of the hinge according to the present invention are even clearer in cases where the hinge has an integrated device for its deceleration under mechanical or viscous effect or a combination of both. In such case, the hinge ensures that - during the door

closure movement - the angle corresponding to the actuation of the deceleration device be re-comprised in the working angle of the flexure spring 14 in such a manner to avoid the occurrence of a stalemate condition in which the flexure spring yet does not exert a sufficient closure force, while the deceleration device is already operating.

During the opening of the door, the hinge - on the contrary - prevents jamming due to the amassing of the resistant action of the flexure spring and the deceleration device.

The device thus conceived is susceptible to various modifications and variants, all falling within the scope of the inventive concept; furthermore, all details can be replaced by technically equivalent elements.

In practice, the material used, as well as the dimensions, may vary depending on the requirements and the state of the art.