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Title:
GAS BYPASS METER SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/055403
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A technique facilitates fluid flow measurement by providing a meter able to accurately monitor fluid flow of a liquid even if gas is present in the liquid. The meter may comprise a tubing with an internal flow passage and a wedge or other restriction extending into the internal flow passage. A first port is located upstream of the restriction and a second port is located downstream of the restriction to enable monitoring of a differential pressure across the restriction. The differential pressure can be used to determine the desired flow parameter, e.g. volumetric flow. The system facilitates separation of gas from the liquid and utilizes a gas bypass. The gas bypass routes the separated gas past the restriction, e.g. wedge, before directing the gas back into the fluid flow path.

Inventors:
WOOLSEY, Kelly (9 St SE, Calgary, Alberta T2C2P3, T2C2P3, CA)
MONTILLA JIMENEZ, Benigno Segundo (Schlumberger Oman & Co LLC, PO Box 2548 - Ruw, Muscat 112, 112, OM)
MAIER, Matthias (2109 boul. Saint-Regis, Dollard-des-Ormeaux, Québec H9B 2M9, 2M9, CA)
Application Number:
US2018/050436
Publication Date:
March 21, 2019
Filing Date:
September 11, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION (300 Schlumberger Drive, Sugar Land, Texas, 77478, US)
SCHLUMBERGER CANADA LIMITED (125 – 9 Avenue SE, Calgary, Alberta T2G 0P6, 0P6, CA)
SERVICES PETROLIERS SCHLUMBERGER (42 rue Saint Dominique, Paris, Paris, FR)
SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY B.V. (Parkstraat 83, 2514 JG The Hague, Hague, NL)
International Classes:
G01L13/00; F16L41/00; F17D1/02; G01L19/06
Domestic Patent References:
WO1993018373A11993-09-16
Foreign References:
US5741977A1998-04-21
US20140299210A12014-10-09
US20070006640A12007-01-11
US8548753B22013-10-01
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
HEWITT, Cathy (Schlumberger, 10001 Richmond AvenueRoom 472, Houston Texas, 77042, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS claimed is:

A system for monitoring flow, comprising: a wedge meter having a tubing with an internal flow passage, a wedge extending into the internal flow passage, a first port upstream of the wedge, and a second port downstream of the wedge;

a flow straightening section coupled along the tubing at a location upstream of the wedge; and

a gas bypass having a conduit extending from the flow straightening section and into communication with the internal flow passage downstream of the wedge.

The system as recited in claim 1, further comprising a pressure differential monitor coupled with the first port and the second port.

The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the gas bypass comprises a valve which may be adjusted to control gas flow.

The system system as recited in claim 1, wherein the flow straightening section comprises a plurality of vanes oriented to straighten fluid flow and to facilitate release of gas from a fluid as the fluid flows through the plurality of vanes.

The system as recited in claim 4, wherein the plurality of vanes comprises a plurality of perforated tubes.

The system as recited in claim 1, wherein the conduit of the gas bypass is connected to the tubing via a pair of bypass connectors.

7. A system for monitoring flow, comprising: a meter having a tubing with an internal flow passage, a restriction located in the internal flow passage, a first port upstream of the restriction, and a second port downstream of the restriction;

a flow straightening section coupled along the tubing at a location upstream of the restriction; and

a gas bypass positioned to receive gas separated from a fluid flowing through the flow straightening section, the gas bypass comprising a conduit extending from the flow straightening section and into communication with the internal flow passage downstream of the restriction.

8. The system as recited in claim 7, wherein the restriction is in the form of a wedge extending into the internal flow passage from a wall of the tubing.

9. The system as recited in claim 7, wherein gas flow along the gas bypass is

controlled via a bypass valve.

10. The system as recited in claim 7, further comprising a pressure differential

monitor coupled with the first port and the second port.

11. The system as recited in claim 7, wherein the flow straightening section

comprises a plurality of vanes oriented to straighten fluid flow and to thus facilitate release of gas from the fluid.

12. The system as recited in claim 11, wherein the plurality of vanes comprises a plurality of perforated tubes.

13. The system as recited in claim 7, wherein the meter is coupled with a well system tubing.

14. A method for monitoring flow, comprising: providing a restriction along an internal flow passage of a tubing;

locating a gas separating section along the tubing at a position upstream of the restriction;

flowing a fluid along the internal flow passage through the gas separating section and then past the restriction;

conducting gas, separated from the fluid at the gas separating section, along a gas bypass before reintroducing the gas back into the internal flow passage downstream of the restriction; and

using a differential pressure between regions of the internal flow passage upstream and downstream of the restriction to determine a desired flow parameter of the fluid.

15. The method as recited in claim 14, wherein providing comprises providing the restriction in the form of a wedge extending into the internal flow passage from a wall of the tubing.

16. The method as recited in claim 14, wherein conducting gas comprises controlling gas flow along the gas bypass via a bypass valve.

17. The method as recited in claim 14, wherein flowing the fluid through the gas separating section comprises flowing the fluid through a flow straightening section having a plurality of vanes oriented to straighten fluid flow as the fluid moves through the flow straightening section.

18. The method as recited in claim 17, further comprising forming the plurality of vanes as a plurality of perforated tubes.

19. The method as recited in claim 14, further comprising coupling a pressure differential monitor with a first tubing port located upstream of the restriction and with a second tubing port located downstream of the restriction.

20. The method as recited in claim 14, further comprising coupling the tubing with a well system tubing so the gas separating section, restriction, and gas bypass are able to function as a meter for monitoring a flow parameter with respect to flow through the well system tubing.

Description:
PATENT APPLICATION GAS BYPASS METER SYSTEM

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] The present document is based on and claims priority to US Provisional

Application Serial No.: 62/557527, filed September 12, 2017, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

BACKGROUND

[0002] In a variety of applications, wedge meters are used to provide flow measurements with respect to a fluid flowing through the meter. A wedge meter has a tubular flow body and a smooth wedge-shaped restriction in the tubular flow body to create a pressure drop as fluid flows past the restriction. Wedge meters may be used to establish and measure differential pressures in gases, steam, or liquids, including highly viscous liquids. However, wedge meters tend to provide unreliable, e.g. erratic, measurements when mixed fluids flow through the tubular flow body. For example, wedge meters tend to provide erratic measurements regarding flow of liquids mixed with gas. Sufficient gas void fractions (GVFs) in the fluid can substantially affect the accuracy of the wedge meter.

SUMMARY

[0003] In general, a system and methodology provide a meter for accurately monitoring fluid flow of a liquid even if gas is present in the liquid. The meter system may comprise a tubing with an internal flow passage and a wedge or other restriction extending into the internal flow passage. A first port may be located upstream of the restriction and a second port may be located downstream of the restriction to enable monitoring of a differential pressure across the restriction. The differential pressure can be used to determine the desired flow parameter, e.g. volumetric flow. The system facilitates separation of gas from the liquid and utilizes a gas bypass. The gas bypass routes the separated gas past the restriction, e.g. wedge, before directing the gas back into the fluid flow path.

[0004] However, many modifications are possible without materially departing from the teachings of this disclosure. Accordingly, such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of this disclosure as defined in the claims.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0005] Certain embodiments of the disclosure will hereafter be described with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein like reference numerals denote like elements. It should be understood, however, that the accompanying figures illustrate the various implementations described herein and are not meant to limit the scope of various technologies described herein, and:

[0006] Figure 1 is an orthogonal view of an example of a gas bypass meter system, according to an embodiment of the disclosure;

[0007] Figure 2 is a partial cross-sectional view of the gas bypass meter system illustrated in Figure 1, according to an embodiment of the disclosure;

[0008] Figure 3 is a left end view of the gas bypass meter system illustrated in

Figure 1, according to an embodiment of the disclosure;

[0009] Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view taken generally along line 4-4 of Figure

2, according to an embodiment of the disclosure; and [0010] Figure 5 is a flowchart providing an example of a methodology for implementing a gas bypass meter system, according to an embodiment of the disclosure.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0011] In the following description, numerous details are set forth to provide an understanding of some embodiments of the present disclosure. However, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that the system and/or methodology may be practiced without these details and that numerous variations or modifications from the described embodiments may be possible.

[0012] The present disclosure generally relates to a system and methodology for facilitating a more accurate monitoring of flowing liquid even if gas is present in the liquid. The system and methodology utilize a meter system which may be used in a variety of well related applications and other fluid flow applications. By way of example, the meter system may be used in oil and gas industry applications to measure flows of liquid produced by a progressive cavity pumping system, electric submersible pumping system, or other pumping system used to pump oil up through a wellhead.

[0013] According to an embodiment, the system utilizes a meter having a tubing with an internal flow passage and a wedge or other restriction extending into the internal flow passage. The restriction/wedge creates a reduction in the flow area within the internal flow passage and thus establishes a differential pressure between the regions upstream and downstream of the restriction. The meter may further comprise a first port located upstream of the restriction and a second port located downstream of the restriction to enable monitoring of the differential pressure.

[0014] This differential pressure can then be used to determine the desired flow parameter, e.g. volumetric flow. For example, wedge type restrictions may be used to create a differential pressure which can be correlated with volumetric flow. In some embodiments, the differential pressure may be correlated with a volumetric flow rate of the liquid by utilizing standard flow equations. However, calibration curves also may be used in determining correspondence between the differential pressure measured across the restriction/wedge and the volume flow rate. In some applications, the differential pressure created by the restriction can be correlated with a mass flow rate or with other flow parameters of the liquid.

[0015] To reduce inaccuracies which may result from gas mixed within the liquid, the system is constructed to facilitate separation of gas from the liquid and to then route the gas past the restriction. According to an embodiment, a gas bypass may be used to route the separated gas from the internal flow passage and past the restriction, e.g. wedge, before directing the gas back into the fluid flow path. By way of example, the separation of gas may be encouraged by a flow straightening section or other suitable gas separation section. The gas bypass routes gas past the restriction/wedge and may comprise a conduit coupled to the tubing upstream and downstream of the restriction/wedge.

Additionally, various types of differential pressure monitors/transmitters may be coupled with the first and second ports to enable continued monitoring of the differential pressure across the restriction.

[0016] Referring generally to Figure 1, an embodiment of a gas bypass meter system 20 is illustrated. In this example, the gas bypass meter system 20 comprises a meter 22 which will be described as a wedge meter for purposes of explanation.

However, the wedge meter 22 may utilize various styles of restrictions which have wedge shapes or other types of shapes able to establish a suitable differential pressure. In the illustrated example, the wedge meter 22 comprises a tubing 24 having an internal flow passage 25. The wedge meter 22 is constructed for coupling into a variety of fluid flowing systems, such as a well system 26. By way of example, the wedge meter 22 may comprise connectors 27, e.g. flange connectors or other suitable connectors, by which the tubing 24 may be coupled into a fluid flow path of the well system 26 or other fluid flow system. [0017] With additional reference to Figure 2, the meter 22 further comprises a restriction 28, e.g. a wedge, which extends into the internal flow passage 25 to establish a reduced flow area region 30. For example, the restriction/wedge 28 may extend into internal flow passage 25 from a wall of tubing 24. The meter 22 may further comprise a first port 32 located upstream of the restriction 28 and a second port 34 located downstream of the restriction 28. In some embodiments, a plurality of first ports 32 and/or a plurality of second ports 34 may be used. The ports 32, 34 are formed through the wall of tubing 24 to enable monitoring of the pressure differential between the region upstream of the restriction 28 and the region downstream of the restriction 28.

[0018] In the embodiment illustrated, the gas bypass meter system 20 also comprises a gas separating section 36, e.g. a flow straightening section, which may be coupled along tubing 24 at a position upstream of the restriction/wedge 28. By way of example, the flow straightening section 36 may comprise a plurality of flow straightening vanes 38 which serve to straighten a flow of fluid, represented by arrow 40, as the fluid moves through tubing 24. In some applications, the flow straightening vanes 38 may be in the form of perforated tubes 42 stacked side-by-side, as further illustrated in Figure 3.

[0019] The flow straightening section 36 straightens the flow of fluid represented by arrow 40 and also generates a constant flow profile. Additional effects on the fluid flowing through flow straightening section 36 include separation of gas from the liquid portion within fluid flow 40. Following separation, the lighter gas migrates to an upper portion of the tubing 24 which enables removal of the gas from internal flow passage 25 via a gas bypass 44.

[0020] In the embodiment illustrated, gas bypass 44 comprises a conduit 46 extending from the flow straightening section 36 and into communication with the internal flow passage 25 downstream of the restriction 28. By way of example, the conduit 46 may be placed in fluid communication with the internal flow passage 25 above and below restriction 28 via a pair of bypass conduit connectors 48 which couple the conduit 46 to tubing 24. The conduit connectors 48 may comprise various types of connectors. By way of example, each connector 48 may comprise a male tube fitting end 50 which is threadably received in a corresponding receptacle 52 welded or otherwise affixed to tubing 24.

[0021] Additionally, a valve 54 may be positioned along the gas bypass 44 and may be in the form of a needle valve or other suitable gas flow valve. In the illustrated example, the valve 54 is positioned along conduit 46 and is adjustable to enable control over the gas flow rate along gas bypass 44.

[0022] Depending on parameters of a given application, various types of differential pressure monitors 56 may be used to monitor the differential pressure across the restriction/wedge 28. By way of example, the differential pressure monitor 56 may comprise a differential pressure sensor and transmitter for sensing and transmitting the differential pressure data to a suitable processing system, e.g. a computer-based processing system. The processing system may then be used to automatically determine the desired flow parameter, e.g. volumetric flow rate, of the flowing liquid based on standard flow equations, calibration curves, or other suitable correlation/modeling techniques. The differential pressure data provided by monitor 56 also may be compared manually to appropriate calibration curves or other pressure/flow correlation data to estimate the volumetric or mass flow rate of the liquid.

[0023] With additional reference to Figure 4, the differential pressure monitor 56 may be placed in fluid communication with first and second ports 32, 34 via appropriate flow conduits, flow manifold, or other suitable flow circuit. In some embodiments, a valve 58, e.g. a three-way valve, may be coupled with tubing 24 via a suitable mounting fixture 60 and placed in fluid communication with the differential pressure monitor 56 as well as with first and second ports 32, 34. The valve 58 may be used as a flow isolation device as well as a device for zeroing the differential pressure monitor 56.

[0024] Referring generally to Figure 5, a flow chart is provided to illustrate a methodology for implementing gas bypass meter system 20. In this operational example, restriction 28 is provided along the internal flow passage 25 of tubing 24, as indicated by block 62. In a variety of embodiments, the restriction 28 may be in the form of wedge 28 as described above.

[0025] The flow straightening section 36 is placed along tubing 24 at a position upstream of the restriction 28, as indicated by block 64. Fluid flowing along internal flow passage 25 of tubing 24 is directed through the flow straightening section 36 and past the restriction 28, as indicated by block 66. As the fluid flows through the flow straightening section 36, gas is separated from the fluid, as indicated by block 68.

[0026] The gas moves upwardly into the upstream end of gas bypass 44 via the upstream connector 48. The separated gas is then able to move separately through gas bypass 44, e.g. through conduit 46. The separated gas may then be reintroduced into the internal flow passage 25 downstream of the restriction 28, as indicated by block 70. As described above, gas bypass 44 may comprise conduit 46 which is coupled into fluid communication with internal flow passage 25 upstream and downstream of restriction 28 via bypass conduit connectors 48 so as to enable flow of the gas around the restriction 28.

[0027] The "lower gas content" fluid/liquid continues to flow past restriction 28 and establishes a differential pressure between regions of the internal flow passage 25 upstream and downstream of restriction 28. This differential pressure can be measured via monitor 56 and used to determine a desired flow parameter, as indicated by block 72. Effectively, tubing 24, restriction 28, flow straightening section 36, and gas bypass 44 cooperatively function to establish a gas bypass meter system 20 able to accurately determine the desired flow parameter, e.g. a volumetric flow rate of the liquid phase of the fluid.

[0028] The gas bypass meter system 20 may be used in cooperation with a variety of systems to obtain data on the desired flow parameter as fluid flows through the system. For example, the tubing 24 may be coupled with a well system tubing of well system 26 to provide a flow parameter meter 22 able to measure the desired flow parameter with respect to fluid flow through the well system tubing, as indicated by block 74. At least a portion of the fluid flow moving through the well system tubing (or other system tubing) is able to flow through the tubing 24 so that appropriate well system fluid flow parameter data may be determined via gas bypass meter system 20.

[0029] It should be noted the well system tubing may be part of a variety of well systems 26 having corresponding fluid flows. Examples of well systems 26 which may be combined with gas bypass meter system 20 include progressive cavity pumping systems, electric submersible pumping systems, other pumping systems, or various fluid flow control or directing systems. The gas bypass meter system 20 also may be used to measure selected fluid parameters with respect to fluid flows through non-well related systems.

[0030] Accordingly, the gas bypass meter system 20 may be used in many types of well applications and also in non-well applications. In a variety of such operations, the gas separating section 36 is a flow straightening section used to smooth the fluid flow thus enabling gas to break out from the liquid. However, other types of gas separating sections 36 may be employed. The gas bypass 44 provides a path for the gas to exit from the internal flow passage 25 of the tubing 24 and to flow around the restriction/wedge 28. By removing the gas, the flow of liquid past restriction 28 establishes a more consistent and accurate differential pressure which can be monitored and transmitted via differential pressure monitor 56. Consequently, reliable differential pressure data is available to provide accurate monitoring of liquid flow 40 through meter 22.

[0031] Depending on the specific usage of gas bypass meter system 20, the components and features of the gas bypass meter system 20 may be adjusted. For example, various types of differential pressure monitors 56 may be used to measure and utilize the differential pressure established on upstream and downstream sides of the restriction 28. Additionally, the gas bypass 44 may comprise tubing or a variety of other conduits, e.g. passages, for directing the gas around the restriction 28. The restriction 28 may be formed as a wedge extending internally from the wall forming tubing 24, or the restriction 28 may have other suitable shapes and configurations. The restriction 28 is constructed to create the desired differential pressure as the liquid (lower gas fluid) moves past the restriction. The size, shape, and materials of the various components of gas bypass meter system 20 may be selected according to the characteristics of a given system and/or environment.

[0032] Although a few embodiments of the disclosure have been described in detail above, those of ordinary skill in the art will readily appreciate that many modifications are possible without materially departing from the teachings of this disclosure. Accordingly, such modifications are intended to be included within the scope of this disclosure as defined in the claims.