Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
A GAS VALVE AND A METHOD FOR DELIVERING A GAS PULSE
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1996/027095
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A gas valve comprising a valve body which is capable of butting against a valve seat so as to close the gas valve. The valve body comprises a membrane which is fixed in the valve housing at its outside edge, in such a manner that a control chamber is formed at the side remote from the valve seat, which control chamber is connected to the gas inlet via a throttle channel. At least part of the other side of the membrane is in communication with the gas inlet, and means are provided for allowing gas to escape from the control chamber so as to open the gas valve, in that the gas pressure from the gas inlet on said other side causes the valve body to move away from the valve seat. The valve body comprises a valve member which is centrally attached to the membrane and which is substantially positioned on said other side of the membrane, which valve member sealingly mates with the valve seat.

Inventors:
Van Der, Zee Jan
Application Number:
PCT/NL1996/000099
Publication Date:
September 06, 1996
Filing Date:
March 04, 1996
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
Asco, Controls B.
Van Der, Zee Jan
International Classes:
F16K27/02; F16J3/02; F16J15/16; F16K27/00; F16K31/385; F16K41/12; F16L55/00; (IPC1-7): F16K31/385
Foreign References:
US2532568A
EP0297260A1
DE2321102A1
DE813161C
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS
1. A gas valve comprising a valve body (5,7) which is capable of butting against a valve seat (6) so as to close the gas valve, whereby said valve body (5,7) comprises a membrane (7) which is fixed in the valve housing (1,2) at its outside edge, in such a manner that a control chamber is formed at the side remote from the valve seat (6), which control chamber (9) is connected to the gas inlet via a throttle channel (10), whereby at least part of the other side of the membrane (7) is in communication with the gas inlet, and whereby means are provided for allowing gas to escape from the control chamber (9) so as to open the gas valve, in that the gas pressure from the gas inlet on said other side causes the valve body (5,7) to move away from the valve seat (6), whereby said valve body (5,7) comprises a valve member (5) which is positioned centrally with respect to said membrane (7) and which is substantially positioned on said other side of the membrane (7), which valve member sealingly mates with the valve seat (6) and whereby the dimension of said valve member (5) is such that the distance between the part of the valve member (5) mating with the valve seat and the part located near the membrane (7) is larger than half the internal diameter of the gas inlet.
2. A gas valve according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said valve body (5, 7) is positioned substantially upstream of said valve seat (6) .
3. A gas valve according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that guide means (8), which guide the movement of said valve member ( 5), are provided near said valve seat (6).
4. A gas valve according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said membrane (7) is substantially preformed in the shape of a cone, at least partially so, in such a manner that said membrane (7) has a substantially stable form in the position in which the valve is closed or substantially closed.
5. A gas valve according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said valve body (5, 7), which comprises said membrane (7) as well as said valve member (5) , is integrally made of the same material.
6. A gas valve according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the edge of said membrane (7) is provided with at least one rib (21) extending parallel to said edge.
7. A gas valve according to claim 6, characterized in that ribs (21) extend on either side of said membrane (7) and taper off towards the outside, seen in cross sectional view.
8. A gas valve according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said membrane (7) is fixed between two parts (1,2) of said valve housing near its outside edge, whereby at least a portion is provided with a substantially circular edge (13,14), which presses a groove into the surface of the membrane (7) .
9. A gas valve according to any one of the preceding claims, characterized in that said two parts (1,2) of said valve housing are interconnected by means of a clip connection (15,16,17) .
10. A gas valve according to claim 9, characterized in that said one part (1) of the valve housing comprises a number of segments of an outward circular groove (16), in which a substantially circular spring clip (15) is fitted, whilst the other part (2) of the valve housing comprises a corresponding number of segments of a circular edge (17), which engage behind the clip (15) between the parts of the groove (16) .
11. A method for delivering a gas pulse by quickly opening a gas passage, wherein a valve member (5) attached to a membrane (7) is pushed away from a valve seat (6) by the gas supply pressure in that the gas pressure on one side of the membrane (7) is reduced, after which the gas can flow between the valve member (5) and the valve seat (6) at some distance from said membrane (7) .
12. A method according to claim 11 characterized by using one or more of the measures according to any one of the preceding claims.
Description:
A GAS VALVE AND A METHOD FOR DELIVERING A GAS PULSE

The invention relates to a gas valve comprising a valve body which is capable of butting against a valve seat so as to close the gas valve, whereby said valve body comprises a membrane which is fixed in the valve housing at its outside edge, in such a manner that a control chamber is formed at the side remote from the valve seat, which control chamber is connected to the gas inlet via a throttle channel, whereby at least part of the other side of the membrane is in communication with the gas inlet, and whereby means are provided for allowing gas to escape from the control chamber so as to open the gas valve, in that the gas pressure from the gas inlet on said other side causes the valve body to move away from the valve seat. A gas valve of this kind may in particular be used for delivering a gas pulse, whereby it is necessary for the gas valve to open very quickly, so that a relatively large volume of gas can be passed in a very short time.

Gas valves of this kind are for example used for cleaning dust filter, which become clogged with dust during their use, so that the resistance of the dust filter increases. Such a dust filter may be cleaned by applying a gas pulse in a direction opposed to the direction of the normal gas flow through the dust filter. It is important thereby that an effective gas pulse can be obtained while using a minimum amount of gas, which requires a gas valve which is capable of opening very quickly and passing a large amount of gas very quickly in a very short time.

The object of the invention is to provide a gas valve, in particular for delivering a gas pulse, which operates in a reliable and efficient manner and which is capable of

opening quickly and passing a large amount of gas in a short time.

In order to accomplish that objective the valve body comprises a valve member which is centrally attached to the membrane and which is substantially positioned on said other side of the membrane, which valve member sealingly mates with the valve seat. The valve member is positioned between the membrane and the valve seat, therefore.

With known gas valves comprising a membrane said membrane sealingly mates with the valve seat. In order to make the membrane sufficiently strong a supporting means is used, which is attached to the membrane at the side remote from the valve seat, and which supports the membrane when forming a seal on the valve seat.

When a valve member positioned between the membrane and the valve seat is used, the membrane no longer mates with the valve seat, as a result of which the flexible material of the membrane does not need to have the characteristics which are specially required for such a sealing function. This provides a greater freedom of choice of materials for the membrane.

The use of the valve member furthermore makes it possible to reduce the resistance of the gas passage in the valve, because a greater freedom of designing the valve is obtained, so that on the one hand the presence of obstacles in the gas passage can be avoided, whilst on the other hand an optimum design of the valve seat and the valve member mating therewith is possible.

According to another aspect of the invention the dimension of the valve member is such that the distance between the part of the valve member mating with the valve seat and the part attached to the membrane is larger than half the internal diameter of the gas inlet, and preferably approximately equal to said diameter. This dimension of the valve member makes it possible to fit the membrane near the outside wall of the valve housing, so that a control chamber having a minimum capacity can be obtained between the membrane and said outside wall, whilst on the other hand the valve seat and the part of the valve member mating therewith can be positioned more centrally in the valve housing, which may be conducive to a low flow resistance of the gas.

According to another aspect of the invention the valve body is positioned substantially upstream of the valve seat. This construction makes it possible to achieve a maximum through-flow in the open position of the valve, because the entire space within the valve body is available for the flow of gas therethrough.

According to another aspect of the invention guide means, which guide the movement of the valve member, are provided near the valve seat. In a preferred embodiment said guide means are in the shape of a plurality of bars, for example three, which are provided coaxially with the valve body, between which the valve body, at least the bottom side of the valve member, can move. In another preferred embodiment the membrane is substantially preformed in the shape of a cone, at least partially so, in such a manner that the membrane has a substantially stable form in the position in which the valve is closed or substantially closed. In practice it has become apparent that the membrane itself

may thereby guide the valve member, so that additional guide means are not required.

According to another aspect of the invention the valve body, which comprises the membrane as well as the valve member, is integrally made of the same material. The valve body is preferably made of plastic material. A valve body of this type will be explained in more detail with reference to a drawing.

According to another aspect of the invention the edge of the membrane may be provided with at least one rib extending parallel to said edge, and preferably with several ribs, which extend on either side of said membrane and which taper off towards the outside, seen in cross- sectional view.

According to another aspect of the invention the membrane may be fixed between two parts of the valve housing near its outside edge, whereby at least one part is provided with a substantially circular edge, which presses a groove into the surface of the membrane. Preferably each of said parts comprises such an edge, both edges being concentric but having different diameters.

The result of fixing the membrane between said edge or edges instead of between two parallel surfaces is that on the one hand an adequate seal between the parts of the valve housing and the membrane is effected, whilst on the other hand the pressing together of the housing parts may be less critical. According to another aspect of the invention it is possible thereby to fit the two parts of the valve housing together by means of a clip connection. When a clip connection is used the two parts of the housing

are not pressed together with a certain force, but they are fixed in position some distance apart. In particular the use of the aforesaid edges extending into the surface of the membrane makes it possible to use a connection of this type between the parts of the valve housing.

According to another aspect of the invention the one part of the valve housing may thereby comprise a number of segments of an outward circular groove, in which a substantially circular spring clip is fitted, whilst the other part of the valve housing comprises a corresponding number of segments of a circular edge, which engage behind the clip between the parts of the groove. This will be explained in more detail by means of an example.

The invention furthermore relates to a method for delivering a gas pulse by quickly opening a gas passage, wherein a valve member attached to a membrane is pushed away from a valve seat by the gas supply pressure in that the gas pressure on one side of the membrane is reduced, after which the gas can flow between the valve member and the valve seat at some distance from the membrane.

Further aspects of the invention, which may be used both separately and in combination with each other, will become apparent from the description of the Figures and are defined in the claims.

Hereafter some examples of embodiments of a gas valve will be described by way of illustration, whereby reference will be made to the drawing, in which:

Figure 1 is a sectional view of the gas valve;

Figure 2 is a side view of the gas valve;

Figure 3 is a plan view of the gas valve;

Figure 4 is a detail indicated at IV in Figure 1;

Figure 5 is a detail indicated at V in Figure 1;

Figure 6 is an exploded view of the gas valve;

Figure 7 shows a second embodiment of a gas valve;

Figure 8 is a detail indicated at VIII in Figure 7;

Figure 9 is a sectional view of the valve body according to the second embodiment;

Figure 10 is a detail indicated at X in Figure 9, and

Figures 11 and 12 are perspective views of the valve body according to the second embodiment.

The Figures are merely schematic representations of the embodiments, whereby like parts are numbered alike in the various Figures.

Figure 1 shows the various parts of the gas valve in sectional view. The gas valve comprises a housing which consists of a valve housing 1 and a cover 2. Valve housing 1 thereby comprises a gas inlet 3 and a gas outlet 4. Both openings are provided with connecting means, so that gas pipes can be connected thereto. In the illustrated embodiment said means consist of internal screw thread in openings 3, 4, so that the end of an externally threaded

pipe can be screwed into said openings. By suitably selecting the appropriate shape of the screw thread or by interposing a sealing element a gas-tight seal can be obtained.

In the position of the gas valve shown in Figure 1 said gas valve is closed, in which position a valve member 5 butts against the valve seat 6. Valve seat 6 is formed in such a manner that the gas resistance is minimal in the open position of the valve. Preferably valve seat 6 is designed to have a relatively large radius thereby, and valve member 5 forms a seal thereon in such a manner that the annular mating surface between valve member 5 and valve seat 6 lies on a conical surface.

Valve member 5 is connected to a membrane 7, which is fixed between the valve housing 1 and the cover 2 at its outside edge. Membrane 7 is flexible to such an extent that valve member 5 can be lifted off valve seat 6, so that a free passage of gas from gas inlet 3 to gas outlet 4 is realized. The housing 1 is provided with three guide bars 8 (only one being shown) , which guide the valve member 5 during its movement.

In the embodiment according to Figure 1 the underside of membrane 7 is in direct contact with the gas inlet 3, so that the gas supply pressure is prevalent on this side of the membrane. A control chamber 9 is formed on the other side of the membrane 7, which control chamber 9 is connected to the gas inlet by means of a throttle channel 10. The cover 2 is furthermore provided with a connecting opening 11, via which said control chamber can be connected to a control unit (not shown) . Said control unit (not shown) is capable of closing connecting opening 11, so that

no gas can be displaced through connecting opening 11, whilst said control unit is furthermore capable of allowing gas to escape from control chamber 9 via connecting opening 11 in order to open the gas valve.

The operation of the gas valve shown in Figure 1 is as follows. As long as the passage of gas via connecting opening 1 is blocked, the gas valve will be closed because valve member 5 butts against valve seat 2. The gas supply pressure in gas inlet 3 is thereby higher than the gas pressure in gas outlet 4. The gas supply pressure is prevalent not only in gas inlet 3 and at the bottom side of membrane 7, but also in control chamber 9, which control chamber is connected to said gas inlet by means of throttle channel 10. As long as connecting opening 11 is closed, the resultant of the forces exerted on the membrane and the valve member will be directed downwards, as a result of which the gas valve will remain closed. The gas valve can be opened by allowing gas to escape from control chamber 9 via connecting opening 11, so that the gas pressure in control chamber 9 falls out. The resultant of the force exerted on the membrane and the valve member will be directed upwards thereby. The amount of gas that can be supplied via throttle channel 10 will thereby be insufficient to build up sufficient pressure in control chamber 9, so that the gas supply pressure prevailing at the bottom side of the membrane 7 will cause the gas valve to remain open until the discharge of gas via connecting opening 11 is stopped, so that a pressure will build up in control chamber 9 again as a result of gas being supplied to control chamber 9 via throttle channel 10, which pressure will cause the gas valve to close.

The control unit which is connected to connecting opening 11 may be a magnetic valve, which is connected directly to connecting opening 11. It is also possible for several gas valves to be controlled by a central control unit, so that a gas pipe to said central control unit is connected to connecting opening 11.

Figure 2 is a side view of the gas valve according to Figure 1, and Figure 2 is a plan view thereof.

Figure 4 shows in more detail the way in which valve member 5 is attached to membrane 7. The Figure thereby shows that a radially outwardly oriented groove 12 is provided in valve member 5, into which groove 12 membrane 7 extends. The membrane 7 is to that end provided with a circular hole in the central part thereof, whereby the edge of said hole extends into groove 12. The fitting of membrane 7 in groove 12 can take place by deformation of membrane 7, which is made of a flexible material. The hole in membrane 7 may also be sufficiently large to enable placing valve member 5 without said hole being expanded, whereby the valve member 5 is mounted on membrane 7 with some play.

Figure 5 shows the way in which membrane 7 is fixed between valve housing 1 and cover 2. Because said fixing does not take place in a flat plane but slightly obliquely, that is, according to the surface of a cone, the membrane is given a certain bias, which will keep the valve in its closed position when there is no pressure difference in the gas valve. Figure 5 furthermore shows that the membrane 7 is fitted between valve housing 1 and cover 2 with some play, that is, the distance between valve housing 1 and cover 2 is slightly larger than the thickness of the membrane. The fixing and sealing of the membrane thereby takes place in

that valve housing 1 is provided with an edge 13 and cover 2 is provided with an edge 14, which edges are slightly pressed into the surface of membrane 7. In this manner an adequate fixation and an adequate seal are obtained with a predetermined position of cover 2 with respect to valve housing 1, without cover 2 and valve housing 1 being pressed together with a certain force.

Cover 2 is connected to valve housing 1 by means of a clip 15, which clip 15 substantially consists of a resilient annular round bar. Clip 15 is fitted in a radially outward groove 16 of the housing 1, which groove 16 comprises three segments of a circle, as is shown in particular in Figure 6. Cover 2 is provided with an edge 17, which is likewise divided into three segments of a circle, which edge 17 may extend behind clip 15 when cover 2 is mounted on valve housing 1.

In this manner cover 2 is mounted on valve body 1 in a simple but highly effective manner, whereby clip 15 is first mounted on valve housing 1, after which cover 2 can be moved into position and snap down there. Furthermore cover 2 can be removed from valve housing 1 in a simple manner by removing clip 15 by means of a screwdriver, after which cover 2 can be detached from valve housing 1.

Recesses 18 are provided in order to make it possible to remove clip 15, into which recesses the end of a screwdriver can be inserted.

As is apparent in particular from Figure 1, the use of valve member 5 makes it possible to fit the valve seat centrally in the valve housing at the desired location, whilst the membrane 7 may be fitted near the cover 2, in order to obtain a control chamber having a minimum volume.

The use of the valve member furthermore makes it possible to effect an optimum through-flow of the gas, because a large degree of freedom in choosing the shape of the valve seat is possible.

Figure 7 shows a second embodiment of the gas valve, wherein the valve body, which comprises membrane 7 as well as valve member 5, is integrally made of the same material, preferably of plastic material. The part of the valve body which forms membrane 7 is relatively thin-walled, in order to obtain the required flexibility, whilst the part of the valve body which forms valve member 5 has a thicker wall and is moreover provided with strengthening ribs 20.

Figure 8 is a detailed view of the manner in which the circumferential edge of membrane 7 is clamped between valve housing 1 and cover 2. The edge of membrane 7 thereby fits in a chamber present between valve housing 1 and cover 2, whereby four ribs 21, two on either side of the membrane near the edge of membrane 7, are slightly deformed, so that an adequate fixation of the membrane is obtained.

Figure 9 is a sectional view of valve body 5, 7, which shows that at least part of the membrane 7 is substantially conical in its stable form. Because the valve body 5, 7 more or less has this stable form in the closed condition of the valve, it has become apparent in practice that no additional means such as guide bars 8 are required for guiding the valve member 5. Membrane 7 provides the guiding of valve member 5 during the closing of the valve.

Figure 10 is a view of the edge of membrane 7, showing the ribs 21, two on either side of the membrane. The ribs 21 are preferably obliquely oriented and tapered, seen in

cross-sectional view. Figures 11 and 12 are perspective views of the valve body 5, 7, wherein the throttle channel 10 and the ribs 20 can be clearly distinguished.

The embodiments described above are to be considered as examples, and it will be apparent to those skilled in the art who have studied the invention that many variations in using the invention are possible.