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Title:
GOVERNOR DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING A COMPRESSOR
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/081113
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention refers to a governor device (1) for controlling a compressor in a pressurized air system, said governor device (1) comprising: - a supply port (21) for receiving a supply pressure (p21), - a control port (20) for delivering a control pressure (p1) to said compressor, - an exhaust opening (17a) for exhausting air, - an inlet valve provided between said supply port (21) and said control port (20), and - an outlet valve provided between said control port (20) and said exhaust opening (17a), - a displaceable piston (4), an active bottom face (4a) of said piston (4) being chargeable with said supply pressure (p21) to exert a pressure force, - a spring means (5) for biasing said piston (4) with a bias force against said pressure force of said supply pressure (p21), wherein said governor device (1) is switchable between a basic position with open outlet valve and closed inlet valve and an actuated position with closed outlet valve and open inlet valve. A valve arrangement (12) is provided at said piston (4), said valve arrangement (12) comprising a fixed means (14) fixed to said piston (4) and a valve plate (15) displaceable with respect to said fixed means (14), wherein said inlet valve and said outlet valve are realized by said valve arrangement (12). The piston itself can be slidably provided inside an insert (3) to be screwed into a dome (2) to be screwed into an external casing.

Inventors:
CHAMOT, Marcin (ul.Kosciuszki 15D/6, 58-400 Kamienna Góra, 58-400, PL)
CZAPIEWSKI, Radoslaw (Pilawska 2/1, 50-538 Wroclaw, 50-538, PL)
JUSZCZYNSKI, Marcin (ul. Ogrodnicza 5/5, 55-011 Siechnice, 55-011, PL)
KOSTRZEWA, Kamil (ul.Parafialna 69A/D/4, 52-233 Wroclaw, 52-233, PL)
Application Number:
EP2018/073972
Publication Date:
May 02, 2019
Filing Date:
September 06, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
WABCO EUROPE BVBA (Chaussée de la Hulpe 166, 1170 Brüssel, 1170, BE)
International Classes:
F04B39/12; F04B49/24
Domestic Patent References:
WO1995011384A11995-04-27
Foreign References:
US3834837A1974-09-10
US20040040601A12004-03-04
US6038856A2000-03-21
US20140116534A12014-05-01
GB1006806A1965-10-06
US3834837A1974-09-10
US3545887A1970-12-08
US20140116534A12014-05-01
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
COPI, Joachim (Am Lindener Hafen 21, Hannover, 30453, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims:

1 . Governor device (1 ) for controlling a compressor (24) in a pressurized air system, said governor device (1 ) comprising:

- a supply port (21 ) for receiving a supply pressure (p21 ),

- a control port (20) for delivering a control pressure (p1 ) to said compressor (24),

- an exhaust opening (17a) for exhausting air,

- an inlet valve provided between said supply port (21 ) and said control port (20), and

- an outlet valve provided between said control port (20) and said exhaust opening (17a),

- a displaceable piston (4), an active bottom face (4a) of said piston (4) being chargeable with said supply pressure (p21 ) to exert a pressure force,

- a spring means (5) for biasing said piston (4) with a bias force against said pressure force of said supply pressure (p21 ),

wherein said governor device (1 ) is switchable between a basic position with open outlet valve and closed inlet valve and an actuated position with closed outlet valve and open inlet valve,

characterized in that

a valve arrangement (12) is provided at said piston (4), said valve arrangement (12) comprising a fixed means (14) fixed to said piston (4) and a valve plate (15) displaceable with respect to said fixed means (14), wherein said inlet valve and said outlet valve are realized by said valve arrangement (12).

2. Governor device (1 ) according to claim 1 , wherein

in said basic position said supply pressure (p21 ) does not exceed said bias force, and

in said actuated position said supply pressure (p21 ) exceeds said bias force and said control port (20) outputs said pressure signal (p1 ) to said compressor (24).

3. Governor device (1 ) according to claim 1 or 2,

further comprising a dome (2) to be fixed in an external part, and an insert (3) screwed into said dome (1 ),

wherein said piston (4) is slidably provided inside said insert (3).

4. Governor device (1 ) according to one of the preceding claims,

wherein said fixed means (14) comprises an exhaust passage (14c, 14d) to be sealed by a lip seal (15c) of said valve plate (15) in said pressure actuated position thereby realizing said outlet valve.

5. Governor device (1 ) according to claim 4,

wherein said fixed means (14) is screwed into said piston (4) and comprises a hole, in particular a blind hole (14c), and

wherein said exhaust passage (14c, 14d) is realized by said blind hole (14c) extending in axial direction (A) and a drilling (14d) extending vertical to said axial direction (A).

6. Governor device (1 ) according to claim 4 or 5,

wherein said lip seal (15c) is provided on a central hole (15a) of said valve plate (15), said central hole (15a) surrounding said fixed means (14) for realizing said outlet valve,

wherein said valve plate (15) is moveable in axial direction (A) with respect to said fixed means (14), for closing and opening said drilling (14d) in dependence of the piston position.

7. Governor device (1 ) according to one of the preceding claims,

wherein said spring means (5) is adjustable to adjust said bias force and defines a cut-out pressure (P_cut_out), which exceeds said bias force.

8. Governor device (1 ) according to one of the preceding claims,

wherein said inlet valve is realized by a sealing interface (15b) of said valve plate (15) and an external casing sealing surface (25),

wherein a valve spring (1 6) biases said valve plate (15) with respect to said piston (4),

wherein in said idle position of said piston (4) said valve spring (1 6) presses said sealing surface (15b) of said valve plate (15) against said second sealing surface (25) thereby closing said inlet valve.

9. Governor device (1 ) according to claim 8,

wherein in said idle position a distance between said piston (4) and said casing sealing surface (25) is smaller than in said actuated position.

10. Governor device (1 ) according to claim 8 or 9,

wherein the valve spring (1 6) is provided between said bottom face (4a) of said piston (4) to be charged by said supply pressure (p21 ) and said valve plate (15).

1 1 .Pressurized air system comprising

a governor device (1 ) according to one of claims 8 to 10, and

a casing (30) receiving and housing said governor device (1 ), wherein said casing sealing surface (25) is provided at said casing (30), wherein a control channel (23) is formed in said casing (30) extending to said control port (20).

12. Pressurized air system according to claim 1 1 , wherein

said casing (30) is an air dryer casing of an air dryer.

Description:
Governor device for controlling a compressor

Background of the invention

The invention refers to a governor device for monitoring a supply pressure and controlling a compressor, in particular in an pressurized air system of a vehicle, and such a pressurized air system to be used in a vehicle.

Pressurized air systems in vehicles in general comprise a compressor to be driven by the motor or engine of the vehicle. The compressor supplies pressurized air to a supply tank or supply tank system, which in turn supplies consumer circuits, e. g. air brake circuits or suspension circuits of said compressed air system. Thus the compressor is to be controlled in dependence of the supply pressure stored in the supply tank.

A pressure monitoring device known as "governor" is provided for monitoring the supply pressure; the governor comprises a supply port to be connected to the supply tank, an exhaust port and a control output port for outputting a pressure signal to an unloader valve of the compressor. If the pressure of the supply tank exceeds a first pressure threshold, the cut-out-pressure, then the governor outputs a pressure signal to switch the compressor into its off-load- state, which may be a switched-off state or an idle state, in which the compressor is not switched off. In general, governors comprise a spring mechanism to compare the supply pressure with a spring force of the spring mechanism; thus a movable piston of the governor is charged with the supply pressure on its bottom (active) face and biased by the spring mechanism on its top face (back face).

In the basic position of the governor its control output port is connected to its exhaust port thereby exhausting the control conduit between the control out- put port and the compressor. If the supply pressure exceeds the cut-out- pressure, the governor switches and connects its supply port to its control output port thereby pressurizing (venting) the control conduit, which realizes the pressure signal to the compressor.

GB 1 ,006,806 A, US 3,834,837, US 3,545,887 disclose governors realized as mechanical devices comprising mechanical parts.

US 2014/01 16534 A1 describes a heat-exchange dryer apparatus comprising a compressed-air conduit and a purge-air reservoir, which purge-air reservoir comprises a material having a heat transfer coefficient that is at least about 100 W/mK.

It is an object of the invention to provide a governor device with high reliability and at low costs.

Summary of the invention

This object is realized by a governor device according to claim 1 . The subclaims describe preferred embodiments.

Thus the governor device comprises a piston to be charged at its bottom surface (active surface) by said supply pressure, said piston being biased by a spring. Thus a cut_out pressure for switching between a basic state and an actuated state can be realized by a spring, in particular a helical spring, by balancing the spring force and the supply pressure force acting on the piston.

The inlet valve and outlet valve are realized by a valve arrangement provided at or fixed to said piston, said valve arrangement comprising a fixed means fixed to said piston and a valve plate displaceable with respect to said fixed means. Thus a compact design with small size is realized, in which the inlet valve and outlet valve can be integrated into the main parts, in particular the piston. The weight can be reduced with respect to systems using more external elements.

According to a preferred embodiment the piston is slidably provided inside an insert screwed into a dome; the dome is any part to be fixed at an external part, in particular an external casing, as e.g. an air dryer casing. Thus main functional parts of the governor can be realised in the insert. The insert can be pre-assembled and adjusted and afterwards the insert can be screwed into the dome, which in turn can be screwed into the external casing.

Pre-assembling is therefore ease to handle, since most parts can be adjusted and pre-assembled in the insert. Mounting of the governor can be done in one screwing operation with an axial automotive socket tool. In particular mounting is possible without additional fasteners. The governor comprising the complete valve arrangement can already be pre-set and pre-tested before mounting it.

The valve arrangement preferably comprises an exhaust passage formed in the fixed means, which exhaust passage is sealable by the valve plate, which can be realized as a valve disc. These parts thereby form the outlet valve.

Thus the piston can be charged with the supply pressure to be compared with the spring force; the axial position of the piston within the insert thus depends on the supply pressure. The valve arrangement can thereby be switched either into its basic position with open outlet valve and closed inlet valve or into its an actuated position with closed outlet valve and open inlet valve, only in dependence of the position of the piston. Furthermore external part comprising a material with low heat transfer factor can be used for insulating internal (elastomer parts) parts of the governor from heat stress.

Brief description of the drawings

The invention is explained in more detail below by means of preferred embodiments shown in the drawings, wherein fig. 1 is a sectional perspective view of a governor according to one embodiment of the invention; fig. 2 is a sectional perspective view of the valve plate; fig. 3 is a sectional view of the valve arrangement; fig. 4 is a sectional view of the governor in its basic state (consumption, cut-in); fig. 5 the valve arrangement of fig.3 in its actuated state (cut-out, off load phase); fig. 6 depicts a pneumatic symbolic scheme representing the governor; and fig. 7 is a diagram of the pressure as a function of time during subsequent phases.

A governor 1 is provided in a pressurised air system of a vehicle in order to switch a compressor on and off in dependence of a supply pressure p21 provided in a supply tank 22. Thus the governor 1 detects a system pressure p21 of the supply tank 22 and outputs a control pressure p1 as a pressure signal to the control input of the compressor 24; this control input can be realised for example as part of an unloader valve of the compressor 24.

The governor 1 comprises a dome 2 serving as a cover and being fixed, in particular screwed with its outer thread 2a into a casing 30, further an insert 3 screwed into the dome 1 , a piston 4 slidably provided inside the insert 3, a spring 5 and a spring cap 6, wherein the spring 5 is provided between the spring cap 6 and the piston 4 and acts upon the top surface 4b of the piston 4.

Thus main parts of the governor 1 are realised in the insert 3, which is fixed in the dome by an insert thread connection 13. Pre-assembling is therefore ease to handle, since most parts can be adjusted and pre-assembled in the insert 3.

Further the governor 1 comprises a regulation screw 7 for adjusting a bias force of the spring 5 by pushing the spring cap 6. The piston 4 is sealed inside the insert 3 by a dynamic O-ring 8; further a static O-ring 9 and a protection cover 10 are provided; the regulation screw 7 is screwed into a screw thread part 1 1 fixed to the protection cover 10.

A valve arrangement 12 is provided inside the piston 4 and extends under the piston 4; said valve arrangement 12 is explained more in detail with respect to figures 2 to 5. The valve arrangement 12 comprises a stem 14 provided in the piston 4, for example by a thread (or interference fitting), further a valve plate 15 (valve disc) and a valve spring 1 6 provided between the piston 4 and the valve plate 15. The valve plate 15 surrounds a smaller top part 14a of the stem 14 and is biased by the valve spring 1 6. The stem 14 comprises a blind hole 14c starting from the top face 14e, extending through the smaller top part 14a and ending in the thicker bottom part 14b. A drilling 14d extends vertically to the axis A from the outside through the wall of the smaller top part 14a to the blind hole 14c.

The valve plate 15 comprises a central hole 15a surrounding the smaller top part 14a of the stem; thus the valve plate 15 is displaceable (shiftable) in the top part 14a of the stem 14 along the axis A. The valve plate 15 further comprises at its bottom face a ring-shaped sealing surface 15b surrounding the central hole 15a. Furthermore the valve plate 15 comprises a lip seal 15c at the top of the central hole 15a.

These features enable the valve arrangement 12 to realize the following valve functions: a) inlet valve between control port 20 and supply port 21

The sealing surface 15b of the valve plate 15 and a casing sealing surface 25 of the casing 30 serving as an inlet valve (The casing 30 is e.g. part of an air dryer body):

Closed inlet valve, Fig. 4:

is in the basic position of fig. 4 the piston 4 is in its lowest position. Thus the valve plate 15 is pressed with its sealing surface 15b against the casing sealing surface 25 thereby closing a passage between a supply port 21 , which is connected to the supply tank 22, and a control port 20 to be connected to the control input of the compressor. Therefore the inlet valve is closed.

Open inlet valve, Fig. 5:

The control port 20 is provided in the casing 30 under the bottom part 14b of the stem 14; air can pass the bottom part 14b in axial direction along passages surrounding the bottom part 14b. Thus if the valve plate 15 detaches according to the actuated position of Fig. 5 and gets out of contact with the casing sealing surface 25, air from the supply port 21 can enter the control port 20; therefore the inlet valve is open. The control port 20 is therefore pneumatically connected to a control channel 23 provided in the casing 30. b) outlet valve between control port 20 and exhaust chamber 17

The second valve function realises an outlet valve between the control port 20 and the exhaust chamber 17 provided above the piston 4: the control port 20 is connected to the passages surrounding the bottom part 14b of the stem 14; these passages extend to the drilling 14d of the stem 14.

Closed outlet valve, Fig. 5:

If the drilling 14d is closed by the lip seal 15c and the sealing surface 15b of the valve plate 15 is pressed to the sealing seat 14f of the stem 14, then the control port 20 is disconnected from the exhaust chamber 17; the outlet valve is closed.

Open outlet valve, Fig. 4:

If the drilling 14d is not sealed, the control port 20 can exhaust through the passages around the bottom part 14b, the drilling 14d and the blind hole 14c of the stem 14, upward to the exhaust chamber 17, which is connected to the outer space via exhaust holes 17a. Thus the drilling 14d and the blind hole 14c realize an exhaust passage formed in the stem 14.

Figure 4 depicts the idle condition or basic position of the valve arrangement 12: the pressure p21 of the supply chamber 22, acting through the supply port 21 onto the bottom face 4a of the piston 4 is not high enough to overcome the bias spring force of the spring 5. Thus the inlet valve con- sisting of the sealing surface 15b and the casing sealing surface 25 is closed, since the piston 4 is pressed into its lowest position, in which the valve plate 15 is pressed onto the casing sealing surface 25. The spring force of the valve spring 1 6 is considerably lower than the bias spring force of the spring 5 and therefore not relevant in this content.

In this idle condition or basic position the control port 20 is connected via the passages surrounding the bottom part 14b of the stem 14 to the area surrounding the smaller top part 14a of the stem 14 and via the drilling 14d to the blind hole 14c and to the exhaust chamber 17. Therefore the control port 20 is exhausted, and the compressor receives the pressure signal p1 =0 (1 bar) for continuing pressurising air.

If the supply pressure p21 in the supply port 21 rises, see the diagram of figure 7, and reaches a cut-out level, then the force exerted by the pressure onto the bottom face 4a of the piston 4 is higher than the bias spring force of the spring 5 Therefore the piston 4 is moved upward, thereby disengaging the sealing surface 15b of the valve plate 15 from casing sealing surface 25 and thereby opening the inlet valve. Further the outlet valve realized by the lip seal 15c , the drilling 14d, sealing surface 15b and sealing seat 14f of stem is closed by the relative axial movement of the valve plate 15 with respect to the stem 14; this movement is enabled by the valve spring 1 6, which presses the valve plate 15 downward.

Thus the two valve functions are realized by the relative position of the valve plate 15, with respect to the fixed insert 3 (insert valve), and the relative position of the valve plate 15 with respect to the stem 14, which is fixed to the piston 4.

Figure 7 displays a pressure-time-diagram of the supply pressure p21 . Starting at time tO, the compressor starts to compress; at time t1 the pressure p1 starts to rise until time t2, in which the cut-out pressure P_cut_out is reached, thereby opening the inlet valve and closing the outlet valve, as described above. At t3 the pressure p21 levels out to a maximum plateau, and then at t4 starts to fall due to consumption by the connected air circuits, for example air brake circuits. At t5 the pressure p21 reaches the cut-in pressure P_cut_in, thereby closing the inlet valve and opening the outlet valve, as already described above.

List of reference numerals (Part of the description) governor

dome

a outer thread of the dome 2

insert

piston

a bottom face of the piston 4

b top surface of the piston 4

spring

spring cap

regulation screw

dynamic o-ring

static o-ring

0 protection cover

1 screw thread part fixed to protection cover 10

2 valve arrangement

3 insert thread connection between dome 2 and insert 3 4 stem

4a smaller top part

4b thicker bottom part

4c blind hole

4d drilling vertical to the blind hole and the axis A

4e top face of the stem

4f sealing seat of the stem 5 valve plate, valve disc

5a central hole

5b sealing surface

5c lip seal

6 valve spring for biasing said valve plate 15 17 exhaust chamber

17a exhaust hole

20 control port

21 supply port, supply port to the supply chamber

22 supply tank

23 control channel in the casing 30

24 compressor

25 casing sealing surface

30 casing 30

A axis p21 supply pressure

p1 control pressure

P_cut_in cut-in pressure

P_cut_out cut-out pressure