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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
GRAMENT HANGER
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2005/046405
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An injection moulding apparatus (80) for has a cavity (64) and core (65) co-operatively defining a void of inverted J-shape transverse cross-section for moulding a garment hanger (10). A first leg (115, 127) of the J-shape cross-section forms a front of the garment hanger, a base (111) of the J-shape cross-section forms a transversely arcuate upper face of the garment hanger for receiving shoulders of a garment to be suspended from the garment hanger and a second leg (116, 126), opposed to the first leg, and substantially shorter than the first leg, forms a return rear portion of the garment hanger. A garment hanger moulded in the injection moulding apparatus is also disclosed.

Inventors:
Hunt, William J. (Farm Cottage, Park Road Stoke Poge, Buckinghamshire SL2 4PG, GB)
Application Number:
PCT/GB2004/004604
Publication Date:
May 26, 2005
Filing Date:
November 02, 2004
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BRAITRIM (UK) LIMITED (Braitrim House, 98 Victoria Road, London NW10 6NB, GB)
Hunt, William J. (Farm Cottage, Park Road Stoke Poge, Buckinghamshire SL2 4PG, GB)
International Classes:
A47G25/28; B29C33/00; B29C33/44; (IPC1-7): A47G25/28; A47G25/36; B29C45/00
Foreign References:
DE3423301A11986-01-09
US3581959A1971-06-01
DE19810516A11999-09-16
EP0728432A11996-08-28
US3406881A1968-10-22
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
Want, Clifford J. (Harrison Goddard Foote, 40-43 Chancery Lane, London WC2A 1JA, GB)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS
1. An injection moulded garment hanger (10) characterised by an inverted J shape transverse crosssection such that a first leg (115,127) of the Jshape crosssection forms a front of the garment hanger, a base (114,128) of the J shape crosssection forms a transversely arcuate upper face of the garment hanger for receiving shoulders of a garment to be suspended from the garment hanger and a second leg (116,126), opposed to the first leg, and substantially shorter than the first leg, forms a return rear portion of the garment hanger.
2. A garment hanger as claimed in claim 1, wherein a moulding split line (61,62) is located on a front face of the first leg (115,127) and on a rear face of the second leg (116,126).
3. A garment hanger as claimed in claim 2, wherein the moulding split line (61) is located at a base of the front face of the first leg (115,127).
4. A garment hanger as claimed in claims 2 or 3, wherein the moulding split line (62) is located at a base of the rear face of the second leg (116,126).
5. An injection moulding apparatus for moulding a garment hanger, the apparatus being characterised by a cavity (64) and core (65) cooperatively defining a void of inverted Jshape transverse crosssection for moulding a garment hanger (10) such that a first leg (115,127) of the Jshape crosssection forms a front of the garment hanger, a base (128) of the Jshape crosssection forms a transversely arcuate upper face of the garment hanger for receiving shoulders of a garment to be suspended from the garment hanger and a second leg (116, 126), opposed to the first leg, and substantially shorter than the first leg, forms a return rear portion of the garment hanger.
6. An injection moulding apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein a moulding split line (61,62) defines at least one surface substantially perpendicular to a major plane of the garment hanger.
7. An injection moulding apparatus as claimed in claims 5 or 6, wherein a moulding split line (61,62) is located on the front face of the first leg (115, 127) and on a rear face of the second leg (116,126).
8. An injection moulding apparatus as claimed in claim 7, wherein the moulding split line (61) is located at a base of the front face of the first leg (115,127).
9. An injection moulding apparatus as claimed in claims 7 or 8, wherein the moulding split line (62) is located at a base of the rear face of the second leg (116,126).
10. An injection moulding apparatus as claimed in any of claims 5 to 9, wherein a major portion of the core (65) is of a sufficient thickness for cooling channels to be located in the major portion of the core proximate the cavity (64).
11. An injection moulding apparatus as claimed in any of claims 5 to 10, wherein the major portion of the core (65) is wider than a distance between the first leg (115,127) and the second leg (116,126).
Description:
Garment Hanger This invention relates to an injection moulded garment hanger and a moulding apparatus for moulding such a garment hanger.

Injection moulded garment hangers of various transverse cross-sections are known.

A known I-section garment hanger has a I-shaped transverse cross-section with upper and lower substantially planar flanges transverse to an interconnecting web.

Front and rear views of the garment hanger are therefore the same or similar, so that the upper and lower flanges are, in an undesirable manner for some applications, visible both from the front and rear of the garment hanger. The garment hanger is moulded with a mould split line along upper and lower faces of the upper and lower flanges respectively and substantially in the plane of the web, that is the garment hanger is moulded with the garment hanger horizontal in the mould 90, as shown in Figure 9, with garment hangers 91 located adjacent one another with an upper face of one garment hanger adjacent a lower face of a neighbouring garment hanger. In order for the garment hanger to be removable from the mould the upper surface of the upper flange is therefore necessarily substantially planar and does not present a desirable rounded upper surface for receiving shoulders of a garment to be suspended from the garment hanger.

A known C-section garment hanger has a C-shaped transverse cross-section with an upper flange or portion and a lower flange or portion on only a rear side of an interconnecting web. The flanges or upper and lower portions are therefore, in a desirable manner, not visible from a front of the garment hanger. The garment hanger is moulded with a mould split line along the upper flange or portion and typically, although not necessarily, also along the lower flange or portion and substantially parallel to a plane defined by the web, that is with the garment hanger horizontal in the mould 90, as shown in Figure 9, with garment hangers 91 located adjacent one another with an upper face of one garment hanger adjacent a lower face of a neighbouring garment hanger. Moreover, sufficient space has to be allowed between neighbouring garment hangers for a side action for formation of a boss in a body portion of the garment hanger for receiving a suspension hook. In order for the garment hanger to be removable from the mould the upper surface of the upper flange or portion is therefore necessarily substantially planar or of only limited curvature and does not present a

desirable rounded upper surface for receiving shoulders of a garment to be suspended from the garment hanger.

A known U-section garment hanger has an inverted U-shaped transverse cross- section with no flanges. The garment hanger is moulded with a mould split line along a lower edge of the garment hanger and the split line defines a surface substantially perpendicular to planes defined by a front portion and a substantially parallel rear portion of the garment hanger, which form opposed legs of the U-shaped cross- section, that is with the garment hanger vertical in a mould as shown in Figure 8, with the garment hangers located one in front of another with a front face of one garment hanger adjacent a rear face of a neighbouring garment hanger. During moulding a portion of a moulding core is located between the opposed front and rear faces of the garment hanger. Therefore, a narrowness with which a U-section garment hanger can be moulded, that is a distance between the front and rear portions or legs, is limited by a limited narrowness of a core having sufficient strength not to bend or crack under pressures exerted during moulding. Moreover, due to their narrowness, the cores are too small and weak to locate cooling channels close to a surface of the core and therefore close to an opposed cavity, for rapid cooling of mould material. The upper surface can, however, be desirably rounded for receiving shoulders of a garment to be suspended from the garment hanger.

It is an object of the present invention at least to ameliorate the aforesaid deficiencies in the prior art.

According to the invention, there is provided an injection moulded garment hanger having an inverted J-shape transverse cross-section such that a first leg of the J-shape cross-section forms a front of the garment hanger, a base of the J-shape cross- section forms a transversely arcuate upper face of the garment hanger for receiving shoulders of a garment to be suspended from the garment hanger and a second leg, opposed to the first leg, and substantially shorter than the first leg, forms a return rear portion of the garment hanger.

Preferably, a moulding split line is located on a front face of the first leg and on a rear face of the second leg.

Conveniently, the moulding split line is located at a base of the front face of the first leg.

Advantageously, the moulding split line is located at a base of the rear face of the second leg.

According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided an injection moulding apparatus for moulding a garment hanger, the apparatus having a cavity and core co-operatively defining a void of inverted J-shape transverse cross-section for moulding a garment hanger such that a first leg of the J-shape cross-section forms a front of the garment hanger, a base of the J-shape cross-section forms a transversely arcuate upper face of the garment hanger for receiving shoulders of a garment to be suspended from the garment hanger and a second leg, opposed to the first leg, and substantially shorter than the first leg, forms a return rear portion of the garment hanger.

Preferably, a moulding split line defines at least one surface substantially perpendicular to a major plane of the garment hanger.

Preferably, the moulding split line is located on the front face of the first leg and on a rear face of the second leg.

Conveniently, the moulding split line is located at a base of the front face of the first leg.

Advantageously, the moulding split line is located at a base of the rear face of the second leg.

Preferably, cooling channels are located in the core proximate the cavity.

The invention will now be described, by way of example, with reference to the accompanying drawings in which: Figure 1 is a front perspective view of a garment hanger according to the invention; Figure 2 is a rear perspective view of the garment hanger of Figure 1; Figure 3 is a front view of the garment hanger of Figure 1; Figure 4 is a side view of the garment hanger of Figure 1; Figure 5 is a rear view of the garment hanger of Figure 1; Figure 6 is an enlarged transverse cross-section along the line A-A of Figure 5; Figure 7 is an enlarged transverse cross-section along the line B-B of Figure 5;

Figure 8 is a schematic perspective drawing of a moulding tool containing known U-section garment hangers or garment hangers according to the invention; and Figure 9 is a schematic perspective drawing of a moulding tool containing known I-section or known C-section garment hangers.

In the Figures, like reference numerals denote like parts.

Referring to Figures 1 to 7, a garment hanger 10 according to the invention has a generally inverted J-shaped transverse cross-section as best shown in Figures 6 and 7.

The garment hanger has a central body portion 11 having an upwardly convex upper face 111 and an upwardly concave lower face 112 having a greater radius of curvature than the upper face. The body portion has, central of the upper face 111, a boss 113 passing through the upper face to receive a known garment hanger hook, not shown, for suspending the garment hanger 10. Joined to opposed sides of the central body portion 11 are opposed first and second arms 12,13 inclined, in use, below a horizontal line through the body portion. The first and second arms 12,13 terminate remote from the body portion in down-turned portions 120,130 respectively, each having an upwardly convex upper face 121,131 respectively with a smaller radius of curvature than a radius of curvature of an upwardly concave lower face 122,132 respectively. As best seen in Figures 6 and 7, an upper surface of the arms 125,135 is wider in a direction transverse of the arms 12,13 than the upper surface 111 of the body portion 11.

As best shown in Figure 7, a first leg 115 of the inverted J-shape cross-section central body portion forms a front of the central body portion of the garment hanger, a base 114 of the inverted J-shape cross-section central body portion forms a transversely arcuate upper face 111 of the body portion of the garment hanger and a second leg 116, opposed to the first leg 115, and substantially shorter than the first leg 115, forms a return rear portion of the body portion of the garment hanger 10. As best shown in Figure 6, a first leg 127 of the inverted J-shape cross-section first arm forms a front of the first arm 12 of the garment hanger, a base 128 of the inverted J-shape cross-section first arm forms a transversely arcuate upper face 125 of the first arm of the garment hanger for receiving shoulders of a garment to be suspended from the garment hanger 10 and a second leg 126, opposed to the first leg 127, and substantially shorter than the first leg 127, forms a return rear portion of the first arm of the garment hanger 10. The second arm 13 is a mirror image of the first arm 12. As shown in

Figures 6 and 7, the length of the second leg 116,126 is substantially a same length in the body portion and the first and second arms, whereas the first leg 115 is substantially eight times longer than the second leg 116 along the line B-B in the body portion and the first leg 125 is substantially three times longer than the second leg 126 along a major portion of the first and second arms.

As shown in Figure 6, a split line 61,62, with a cavity 64 of a mould used to mould the garment hanger above the split line, and a core 65 of the mould below the split line 61,62, is located at a base of a front face of the garment hanger forming the first leg 127 of the inverted J-section cross-section and at the base of the rear return portion 126 on the rear of the garment hanger. That is, the garment hanger defines a major plane substantially perpendicular to a surface defined by the split line. The garment hangers are conveniently moulded upright in a tool as shown in Figure 8.

Because a major portion of the core 65 is wider than a distance between the first leg 127 and the second leg 126, the core is stronger than a core used for a U-section garment hanger. It is therefore possible to locate cooling channels in a majority of the core close to the cavity, resulting in faster cooling and therefore shorter moulding cycle times, reducing costs of production. That is, a portion of the core which is between the front leg 115,127 and the rear leg 116,126 of the hanger does not contain cooling channels but a remaining portion of the core block 65 carries cooling channels, so that effective cooling is achieved because the"short"portion of the core 65 between the front and rear legs is thermally attached to a well-cooled main body of the core tool.

Because the inverted J-section cross-section of the garment hanger is open on one side, and does not have a large surface to shrink on to the core 65, ejection of the moulded garment hanger 10 does not require as many ejector pins to eject the hanger from the mould as a U-section garment hanger requires, so that the tooling costs are also less than for a U-section garment hanger.

As can be seen from Figures 8 and 9, because of the closer packing, a larger number of U-section or J-section garment hangers can be moulded simultaneously in a given size moulding tool than I-section or C-section garment hangers can be moulded simultaneously in a same size moulding tool, further reducing costs of production for U-section or J-section garment hangers compared with I-section or C-section garment hangers.

The J-section garment hanger of the invention has the additional advantage of a solid appearance, similar to that of a U-section garment hanger, in which no flanges are visible, while being more economical to produce than a solid garment hanger or a U-section garment hanger. It will be understood that in use a garment is in contact with the upper and front surface of the garment hanger.