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Title:
GRAPHENE POLYMER COMPOSITES FOR HAIR STYLING TOOLS & APPLIANCES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/040391
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A hairstyling assembly comprising the main components of a handle and a barrel and bristles having a graphene material composite for retaining energy and is electrically conducting static electricity from a head of hair through the bristles and barrel and handle to ground.

Inventors:
LOOSE JOE (US)
Application Number:
US2018/047145
Publication Date:
February 28, 2019
Filing Date:
August 21, 2018
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
LOOSE JOE F (US)
International Classes:
A46B15/00; A46B7/00; A46B9/02; H01B1/02; H05F3/00; H05F3/02
Foreign References:
US20110017226A12011-01-27
US8875717B22014-11-04
US6382216B12002-05-07
US20150064571A12015-03-05
US20090165234A12009-07-02
US5150491A1992-09-29
US20150128366A12015-05-14
US20170037257A12017-02-09
US4549559A1985-10-29
US4500939A1985-02-19
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MILTON, Jr., Harold, W. et al. (2600 W. Big Beaver RoadSuite 30, Troy MI, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

What is claimed is:

1. An assembly for hairstyling assembly (20) including;

a handle (22) having a cylindrical shape and extending along a center axis (A), said handle (22) having a distal end (24) and extending through a grip section (26) and into a cup-shaped end (28) being radially larger than said grip section (26)

said handle (22) having a bore (32) extending along said center axis (A) from said cup-shaped end (28),

a barrel (34) retained in said cup-shaped end (28) of said handle (22) and axially aligned with said center axis (A) and extending to an open end (36),

said barrel (34) having a wall (38) defining an interior (40) and an exterior (42) and surrounding said center axis (A),

said wall (38) of said barrel (34) having a plurality of apertures (44), a bristle tree assembly (46) including a rod (48) with a mounting section (50) and bristle section (52),

said mounting section (50) of said rod (48) retained in said bore (32) of said handle (22),

a plurality of bristles (54) extending radially from said bristle section (52) and through said apertures (44) to said exterior (42) of said barrel (34),

a top cap (58) being cup-shaped and covering said open end (36) of said barrel (34) to close off said open end (36) of said barrel (34)

said handle (22) comprising a molded polymer,

characterized by, a coating (60) disposed on said handle (22) and containing graphene and antistatic agent,

said barrel (34) containing graphene and antistatic agent,

said bristles (56) containing graphene and antistatic agent

for retaining energy and for electrically conducting static electricity from a head of hair through said bristles (56) and said barrel (34) and said handle (22) to ground.

2. A hairstyling assembly (20) including;

a handle (22) having a cylindrical shape and extending along a center axis (A), said handle (22) having a distal end (24) and extending through a grip section

(26) and into a cup-shaped end (28) being radially larger than said grip section (26),

said handle (22) presenting a hanger hole (30) extending transversely through said distal end (24),

said handle (22) having a bore (32) extending along said center axis (A) from said cup-shaped end (28),

a barrel (34) retained in said cup-shaped end (28) of said handle (22) and axially aligned with said center axis (A) and extending to an open end (36),

said barrel (34) having a wall (38) defining an interior (40) and an exterior (42) and surrounding said center axis (A),

said wall (38) of said barrel (34) having a plurality of apertures (44) forming a honeycomb pattern,

a bristle tree assembly (46) including a rod (48) with a mounting section (50) and a bristle section (52),

said mounting section (50) of said rod (48) retained in said bore (32) of said handle (22), a plurality of bristles (54) extending radially from said bristle section (52) and through said apertures (44) to said exterior (42) of said barrel (34),

a top cap (58) being cup-shaped and covering said open end (36) of said barrel (34) to close off said open end (36) of said barrel (34),

said handle (22) comprising a molded polymer,

characterized by,

a coating (60) disposed on said handle (22) and comprising,

Propane and being a % volume of 25-30

VM&P Naphtha and being a % volume of 25-30

Heptane and being a % volume of 13-15

N-Butane and being a % volume of 5-10

Xylene and being a % volume of 5-10

Methyl Ethyl Ketone and being a % volume of 1-5 Methyl n-Amyl Ketone and being a % volume of 1-4

Ethylbenzene and being a % volume of 1-2

N006-010-P graphene powder and being a % volume of 7

Alkyl Sulphonate and being a % volume of 2-3

Benzenepropanamide,N,N'-l,6-hexanediylbis[3,5-bis(l,l- dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy and being a % volume of 0.05-0.2.

said barrel (34) comprising,

Polyoxymethylene POM and being a % volume of 77-87

N006-010-P graphene powder and being a % volume of 9-19

N002-PDR nano graphene platelets and being a % volume of 0.5-1 Alkyl Sulphonate and being a % volume of 2-3 Benzenepropanamide,N N'-l,6-hexanediylbis[3,5-bis(l,l- dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy and being a % volume of 0.05-0.5,

said rod (48) comprising a conductive material,

said bristles (56) comprising

a material chosen from the material group of Nylon wherein the material is Nylon 46 or Nylon 66 and being a % volume of 86-96

N006-010-P graphene powder and being a % volume of 1.5-10 N002-PDR nano graphene platelets and being a % volume of 0.5-1.0 Alkyl Sulphonate and being a % volume of 2-3

Benzenepropanamide,N.N'-l,6-hexanediylbis[3,5-bis(l,l- dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy and being a % volume of 0.05-0.5

said top cap (58) comprising a molded polymer body coated with said coating

(60),

for retaining energy and for electrically conducting static electricity from a head of hair through said bristles (56) and said barrel (34) and said handle (22) to ground.

Description:
GRAPHENE POLYMER COMPOSITES FOR HAIR STYLING TOOLS

& APPLIANCES

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

[0001] This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 62/548,153 filed August 21, 2017.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

[0002] A thermally conductive hairstyling assembly being thermally conductive for conducting static electricity from the hair to ground.

2. Description of the Prior Art

[0003] Personal grooming of hair is frequently accomplished using a hair dryer and brush or comb. This can result in damaged hair due to the brush or comb comprising synthetic materials, such as a nylon or plastic. These types of dielectric materials do not adequately conduct and/or retain heat properly and lead to electrostatic charge build up causing hair to be more prone to frizz, fly-away, split ends, dullness, dry and itchy scalp. Also, the use of polymer composites in the beauty industry hair tools consists of traditional plastic and nylon polymers that have performed adequately but because of the high-heat and high-style trends, have shorter life expectancies. Combs and brush bristles bend, melt, and break under the high heat/high stress conditions.

[0004] Hair styling devices such as brushes and combs in general are known in the art. Wood combs have been well known for decades for their antistatic capabilities. Metal brushes and combs are known to have excellent anti-static qualities, as well as, for being more conductive with the heat of a blow dryer. Compounds and coatings have been developed to give brush bristles and brush barrels non-static properties, but brushes treated with them do nothing to dissipate the static electricity built up in the hair. Even though static charge has been better managed in the bristles and barrel of the brush, this does not help with the electrical charge build up that takes place over the rest of the body of the styling device. Static charge needs a place to be truly remediated. Creating connected pathways of positive ionic flow from the hair styling tool to the user is the only means of effective static charge remediation.

[0005] A hair styling tool having antistatic qualities is U.S. Patent No.

4,632,135 issued December 30, 1986 to Lenting et al. This patent describes a comb connected to a device having a high-voltage source arranged in a holder and a plurality of electrodes electrically connected to the source for generating ions and projecting into the air. These ions neutralize the positive charge of the hair caused by the friction between the hair and the movement of the comb over the hair.

[0006] Likewise, U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2004/0016066 issued January 29, 2004 introduces a static removing hairbrush that dissipates electrostatic charges from the hair and brush by providing a circuit away from the hair being brushed and away from the user. The brush has a plurality of conductive bristles connected to a ground wire that is attached to an electrical ground.

[0007] U.S. Patent No. 4,797,966 issued January 17, 1989 to Fong describes an antistatic hairbrush that eliminates the electrostatic charge in a user's hair by providing a discharge circuit from the brush handle to the user's hand.

[0008] U.S. Patent No. 2,665,443 issued June 4, 1949 to Simon et al., teaches bristles of a hairbrush made from dielectric materials combined with etymols to create antistatic properties within bristles.

[0009] Similarly, U.S. Patent No. 4,610,925 issued September 9, 1986 teaches bristles of a hairbrush having a nylon or polyester core and a compatible polymeric sheath containing carbon to create antistatic properties within the bristles. [0010] WIPO Patent Application Publication No. WO2018001196 issued on

June 30, 2016 to Xu Jiacai introduces an antistatic hair brush where the main body of the brush is coated with an electrically conductive film and a resin film that lowers the static property of the brush handle.

[0011] U.S. Patent 6,024,101 issued on February 15, 200 to Garner discusses a hair styling brush having a brush head that is conductive and coated with a temperature sensitive color-changed material to indicate a minimum threshold temperature for hair styling.

[0012] Similarly, WIPO Patent Application Publication No. WO 2014001879 issued on June 26, 2013 teaches a brush having a heat conductive coating allowing for continuous application of heat at lower temperatures.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

[0013] The subject invention provides such an assembly for a hairstyling assembly with a material makeup including:

a coating disposed on the handle and containing graphene and an antistatic agent a barrel containing graphene and an antistatic agent

a plurality of bristles containing graphene and an antistatic agent

and whereby graphene and the antistatic agent retains thermal energy and is electrically conductive for transferring static electricity from a head of hair through the bristles, barrel, and handle to ground the static electricity out of the handle.

ADVANTAGES OF THE INVENTION

[0014] The invention in its broadest aspect is a hairstyling assembly that thermally conducts heat from a source such as a blow dryer for hair styling and statically dissipates static electricity buildup on a person's hair and grounds the static electricity through the user by a combination of parts having a material makeup of a graphene polymer composite.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

[0015] Other advantages of the present invention will be readily appreciated, as the same becomes better understood by reference to the following detailed description when considered in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein:

[0016] Figure 1 is a perspective view of the hairstyling assembly.

[0017] Figure 2 is a section view of the hairstyling assembly.

[0018] Figure 3 is a section view of the barrel of the hairstyling assembly.

[0019] Figure 4 is a side view of the bristle tree assembly.

DESCRIPTION OF THE ENABLING EMBODIMENT

[0020] Referring to the Figures, wherein like numerals indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views, a hairstyling assembly 20 of the type for styling hair is generally shown in Figure 1. This styling device is known as a hairbrush. Other types of hairstyling assembly 20 may include, but are not limited to all types of brushes, hair dryers, diffuser attachments, flat irons, hair curlers, hair clips, hair pins, barrettes, headbands, haircutting combs, detangling combs and brushes, hot rollers, and velcro rollers.

[0021] The device, generally indicated in Figures 1 and 2, includes a handle

22 for holding while styling hair, having a cylindrical shape and extending along a center axis A. The handle 22 has a distal end 24 that extends through a grip section 26 and into a cup- shaped end 28 being radially larger than the grip section 26. The handle 22 presenting a hanger hole 30 extending transversely through the distal end 24 for storage or usage functions, e.g., storage by a hook or looping a cord through the hole 30 for fastening around a person's wrist. The handle 22 has a bore 32 extending along the center axis A from the cup- shaped end 28.

[0022] A barrel 34 of the styling device is retained in the cup-shaped end 28 of the handle 22 and axially aligned with the center axis A and extending to an open end 36. Figure 3 shows the barrel 34 having a wall 38 that is defined by an interior 40 and an exterior 42 and surrounding the center axis A. The wall 38 of the barrel 34 having a plurality of apertures 44 forming a honeycomb pattern mutually in an offset relationship to one another. Alternatively, the apertures 44 can be arranged in other such patterns, for instance, where the ovals are lined in a block grid pattern or diagonal grid partem, or instead elongated parallel apertures 44, that extend the length of the barrel 34. The preferred shape of the apertures 44 is an oval for optimal airflow, venting, and heat distribution, but can also be other shapes, such as for example, triangles, squares, hexagons, and other geometric type shapes.

[0023] A bristle tree assembly 46, shown in Figure 4, including a rod 48 with a mounting section 50 and a bristle section 52. The mounting section 50 of the rod 48 retained in the bore 32 of the handle 22. A plurality of bristles 54 are anchored to the bristle section 52 of the rod 48 and extend radially from the bristle section 52 of the rod 48. The bristles 56 extend outwardly past the interior 40 of the barrel 34 and through the apertures 44 to the exterior 42 of the barrel 34. The diameter of the apertures 44 are dimensioned such that the total cross-section of the plurality of bristles 54 extending through a single aperture 44 only fills a fraction of the aperture 44 cross-section. A top cap 58 being cup-shaped and covering the open end 36 of the barrel 34 to close off the open end 36 of the barrel 34. The top cap 58 can also be provided with a bore 32 for receiving the bristle section 52 of the rod 48 so that the rod 48 is coaxially supported with respect to the handle 22.

[0024] The handle 22 a molded polymer, and is characterized by a coating 60 disposed on the handle 22. The coating 60 comprises, Propane and being a % volume of 25-30

VM&P Naphtha and being a % volume of 25-30

Heptane and being a % volume of 13-15

N-Butane and being a % volume of 5-10

Xylene and being a % volume of 5-10

Methyl Ethyl Ketone and being a % volume of 1-5 Methyl n-Amyl Ketone and being a % volume of 1-4

Ethylbenzene and being a % volume of 1-2

N006-010-P graphene powder and being a % volume of 7

Alkyl Sulphonate and being a % volume of 2-3

Benzenepropanamide,N,N'-l,6-hexanediylbis[3,5-bis(l , l- dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy and being a % volume of 0.05-0.2.

[0025] The graphene polymer based thermal coating 60 can be applied to the substrate surface of any polymer. The coating 60 transforms the surface of the polymer into having a thermal conductivity of about 6-8 Watts per meter Kelvin (W/mK), a surface resistivity of 1X10 4 ~10 6 , and increased mechanical and tribological strength. The paint base can also have different finishes such as a rubber finish, leather finish, suede finish, metallic finish, faux finish, plaster finish, texture sand finish, sandstone finish, flat finish, and satin finish. Other suitable paint bases including polyurethane paint, elastomer paints, and other rubberized and plastic paint coatings may be used.

[0026] The barrel 34 comprises:

Polyoxymethylene POM and being a % volume of 77-87

N006-010-P graphene powder and being a % volume of 9-19

N002-PDR nano graphene platelets and being a % volume of 0.5-1 Alkyl Sulphonate and being a % volume of 2-3 Benzenepropanamide,N,N'-l,6-hexanediylbis[3,5-bis(l , l- dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy and being a % volume of 0.05-0.5.

[0027] The POM graphite polymer composite transforms the polymer into having a thermal conductivity of about 4-8 Watts per meter Kelvin (W/mK), and a surface resistivity of lxl 0 4 , as well as, increased qualities of higher tensile and mechanical strength and improved antibacterial properties. POM is the preferred polymer base for the graphene polymer composite, but can be substituted by nylon, polypropylene, ABS, and other like polymer based materials. Alkyl sulphonate is the preferred antistatic agent. Ionic antistats of cationic compounds, quaternary ammonium, phosphium, or sulfonium salts, and nonionic compounds, including sodium salts of sulfonates, phosphates, and carboxylic acids, can replace the alkyl sulphonate. Nonionic antistats including glycerol esters of fatty acids, and ethoxylated teriary amines, can also replace alkyl sulphonate. N002-PDR nano graphene platelets is preferred, but can be replaced with graphene oxide. Other additives can also be added into the current invention including, antioxidants, thermal stabilizers, antimicrobial agents, flame retardants, colorants, lubricants, clip agents, and radiation stabilizers.

[0028] The rod 48 comprises of any type of conductive material, such as, aluminum, iron, steel which is preferably rust-proof, or a composite plastic with conductive qualities.

[0029] The bristles 56 comprise:

a material chosen from the material group of Nylon wherein the material is Nylon 46 or Nylon 66 and being a % volume of 86-96

N006-010-P graphene powder and being a % volume of 1.5-10 N002-PDR nano graphene platelets and being a % volume of 0.5-1.0 Alkyl Sulphonate and being a % volume of 2-3 Benzenepropanamide,N,N'-l,6-hexanediylbis[3,5-bis(l , l- dimethylethyl)-4-hydroxy and being a % volume of 0.05-0.5.

[0030] The graphene nylon polymer composite transforms the polymer into having increased thermal conductivity by transferring the heat energy form the initial point of contact down and throughout the entire bristle 56 of the styling device and therefore preventing structural failure in a localized area of the bristle 56. Static dissipation is reduced to a surface resistivity of lxl 0 6 ~10 9 , as well as, increased qualities of higher tensile and mechanical strength and improved antibacterial properties.

[0031] The percentage of graphene nano platelets dispersion varies upon the level of static dissipation desired contrasted with the level of mechanical stiffness desired for the bristle 56. Graphene Oxide (GO) can also be introduced into the formula as a partial substitute for graphene nanoplatelets to increase the flexibility of the bristles 56.

[0032] Alkyl sulphonate is the preferred antistatic agent for the bristle 56 formula. Ionic antistats of cationic compounds including quaternary ammonium, phosphonium, or sulfonium salts, and nonionic compounds, including sodium salts of sulfonates, phosphates, and carboxylic acids, can replace the alkyl sulphonate. Nonionic antistats including glycerol esters of fatty acids, and ethoxylated teriary amines, can also replace alkyl sulphonate.

[0033] Tourmaline powder can be used as an additive by emitting anions to help eliminate moisture form the hair. Other additives can also be added into the current invention including, antioxidants, thermal stabilizers, antimicrobial agents, flame retardants, colorants, lubricants, slip agents, and radiation stabilizers. The top cap 58 is molded in one piece from plastic/polymer material and coated with the coating 60. [0034] The graphene and antistatic agent is for retaining energy and for electrically conducting static electricity from a person's hair the bristles 56 and barrel 34 and the handle 22 to ground.

[0035] The general characteristics, particle size distribution and physical sizes of the N002-PDR Nano Graphene Platelets are as follows in Tables 1-3 (Data retrieved from Angstron Materials Technical Data Sheet, revision date 04/01/2014).

TABLE 1

General Characteristics of the

N002-PDR Nano Graphene Platelets

PARAM ETER SPECIFICATIONS

Visual Fluffy, Light Powder

Color Match Standard, Black

Moisture < 0.5%

Solids > 97.90%

True Density < 2.20 g/cm 3

Specific Surface Area 400 m 2 /g - 800 m 2 /g

Carbon by wt% > 95.00%

Hydrogen by wt% < 2.00%

Nitrogen by wt% < 0.50%

Oxygen by wt% < 2.50%

Ash by wt% < 2.50%

TABLE 2

Particle Size Distribution of the

N002-PDR Nano Graphene Platelets

PARAMETER SPECI FICATIONS

MT10 3.30 urn - 3.90 urn

MT50 8.00 urn - 10.00 urn

MT90 17.00 urn - 20.00 urn

TABLE 3

Physical Sizes of the N002-PDR Nano Graphene Platelets

PARAM ETER SPECI FICATIONS

Average Lateral Dimension (x & y) < 10.00 urn

Average Through-Plane Dimension (z) ~1.0 - 1.2nm (as estimated by BET

and particle size distribution data) [0036] The general characteristics, particle size distribution and physical sizes of the N006-010-P Nano Graphene Platelets are as follows in Tables 4-6 (Data retrieved from Angstron Materials Technical Data Sheet, revision date 08/14/2012).

TABLE 4

General Characteristics of the N006-010-P Nano Graphene Platelets are Fine Greyish-Black Carbon in Powder Form

PARAM ETER SPECIFICATIONS

Visual Homogeneous; No Aggregation Color Match Standard Greyish-Black Moisture < 1.20% Solids < 98.80%

True Density < 2.20 g/cm 3 Specific Surface Area 21 m 2 /g Carbon by wt% < 97.00% Hydrogen by wt% < 0.70% Nitrogen by wt% < 0.50% Oxygen by wt% < 1.50% Ash by wt% < 1.50%

TABLE 5

General Characteristics of the N006-010-P

Nano Graphene Platelets are Fine Greyish-

Black Carbon in Powder Form

PARAM ETER SPECIFICATIONS

MT10 4.00 urn - 8.00 urn

MT50 10.00 urn - 14.00 urn

MT90 23.00 urn - 27.00 urn

TABLE 6

General Characteristics of the N006-010-P Nano Graphene Platelets are

Fine Greyish-Black Carbon in Powder Form

PARAM ETER SPECI FICATIONS

Average Lateral Dimension (x & y) < 14.00 um

Average Through-Plane Dimension (z) ~io.O - 20.0 nm (as estimated by a

Dye Absorbing Method and particle

size distribution data) [0037] Please note that the composites described in the present invention include, but are not limited to, compounded polymers such as PP, POM, LDPE, HDPE, LLDPE, ABS, PA6, PA46, PLA, Nylons, UHMWPE, and TPEs.

[0038] Obviously, many modifications and variations of the present invention are possible in light of the above teachings and may be practiced otherwise than as specifically described while within the scope of the appended claims. That which is prior art in the claims precedes the novelty set forth in the "characterized by" clause. The novelty is meant to be particularly and distinctly recited in the "characterized by" clause whereas the antecedent recitations merely set forth the old and well-known combination in which the invention resides. These antecedent recitations should be interpreted to cover any combination in which the inventive novelty exercises its utility. The use of the word "said" in the apparatus claims refers to an antecedent that is a positive recitation meant to be included in the coverage of the claims whereas the word "the" precedes a word not meant to be included in the coverage of the claims. In addition, the reference numerals in the claims are merely for convenience and are not to be read in any way as limiting.