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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
HAND-HELD ELECTRICALLY OPERATED CIRCULAR SAW WITH A DETACHABLE AND ROTATABLE SAW UNIT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/1992/011112
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An electrically-driven circular hand saw comprising a motor housing (11), an electric motor and a saw unit (12) which are detachably connected to the motor housing. The motor housing includes a support neck (18) and an output drive shaft (24) which carries and drives the saw unit. The saw unit includes a saw head (20) which incorporates a bevelled gearing (21), input and output drive shafts (22, 25) connected to the gearing, and a support device (26) which is mounted on the output shaft and which carries a circular saw blade (27). The saw unit also includes a guide sleeve (13) which can be fitted detachably to the support neck (18) so as to carry the saw head (18) and to guide a connection (23) between the drive shaft (24) of the motor housing and the input drive shaft (22) connected to the gearing. The motor housing (11) suitably comprises a standard electric hand drill.

Inventors:
Holmgren
Bertil, Munther
Stig
Application Number:
PCT/SE1991/000878
Publication Date:
July 09, 1992
Filing Date:
December 18, 1991
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
NIKE LUFTVERKTYG AB HOLMGREN
Bertil, Munther
Stig
International Classes:
B23D45/16; B23D47/12; B23D57/00; (IPC1-7): B23D45/16; B27B9/00
Foreign References:
SE139395C
SE360815B1973-10-08
SE385806B
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims
1. An electricallyoperated circular handsaw co pris ing a motor housing (11) with an electric motor, and a saw unit (12) which is detachably connected to the motor housing, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the motor housing comprises a support neck (18) and an output drive shaft (24) for supporting and driving the saw unit (12); in that the saw unit includes a saw head (20), a bevelled gearing (21) incorporated in said saw head, input and output drive shafts (22, 25) connected to the bevelled gearing, and a circular sawblade (27) support¬ ing device (26) connected to the output shaft; and in that the saw unit further includes a guide sleeve (13) which can be fitted detachably to the support neck (18) so as to support the saw head and to guide a connection (23) between the drive shaft (24) of the motor housing and the input drive shaft (22) connected to the bevelled gearing.
2. A circular saw according to Claim 1, c h a r ¬ a c t e r i z e d in that the guide sleeve (13) com¬ prises a cylindrical body having a wide collar part (17) which encircles the support neck (18) of the motor housing, and a narrower guide cylinder (19) for engage¬ ment with a corresponding cylindrical recess (33) in the saw head (20), and a central throughpassing bore (49) which surrounds and protects said connection (23) and said drive shafts (22, 24).
3. A circular saw according to Claim 1 or 2, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the output drive shaft (24) of the motor housing and the input shaft (22) of the bevelled gearing are in line with one another, whereas the output shaft (25) of said bevelled gearing extends perpendicular to the firstmentioned shafts.
4. A circular saw according to any one of the preced¬ ing Claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the saw unit (12) can be rotated around the support neck (18) of the motor housing through an angle of at least 180°, and can be locked in selected positions with the aid of locking devices (39).
5. A circular saw according to any one of the preced¬ ing Claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the saw head is guided and lockable in the guide cylinder (19) with the aid of an annular groove (37) provided therein and screw devices (35) in the saw head (20).
6. A circular saw according to Claim 5, c h a r a c ¬ t e r i z e d in that the screw device has a conical top (36); and in that the groove (37) in the guide cylinder has an abutment surface which is inclined correspondingly to the inclination of the conical top (36) and which coacts with said conical top in a manner to press the saw head (20) and the guide sleeve (13) together when locking the head to said sleeve.
7. A circular saw according to any one of the preced¬ ing Claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the motor housing has the form of an electric handdrill with the drill chuck removed therefrom (24), and in that the connection between said output drive shaft and the drive shaft (22) of the bevelled gearing has the form of a screw connection (23) which conforms to the screw thread of the chuck.
8. A circular saw according to any one of the preced ing Claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the bevelled gearing (21) is a conical gearing which includes a first conical gear wheel (29) mounted on that end of the input shaft located in the gearing, and a second conical gear wheel (30) which is mounted on the output shaft (25) of said gearing.
9. A circular saw according to any one of the preced¬ ing Claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the saw unit is intended for sawing with saw blades (27) of relatively small diameter, preferably diameters between 4075 mm; and in that the saw head (20) includes a fixed protective cover (40) which is intended to cover protec¬ tively at least 60% of the periphery of said saw blade.
10. A circular saw according to any one of the preced ing Claims, c h a r a c t e r i z e d in that the saw head (20) has mounted thereon an adjustable support plate (41) for setting the saw depth; and in that the support plate (41) includes a first angled attachment leg (42) provided with a slot (43) which receives a locking screw (44), and a second leg (45) which is intended to abut supportingly the workpiece being sawn, the free end (46) of said supporting leg being bent upwards so as to abut the saw head (20).
Description:
Hand-held electrically operated circular saw with a detachable and rotatale saw unit.

The present invention relates to an electrically- operated circular handsaw comprising a motor housing with an electric motor, and a saw unit detachably con ¬ nected to the motor housing.

Several different types of electrically-operated hand- saws are known to the art, including compass or keyhole saws and circular saws. Although the circular saws possess certain advantages with regard to sawing capaci¬ ty and simplicity in construction, they cannot normally be manipulated with sufficient ease to enable workpieces to be sawn to high degrees of accuracy, for instance shape-sawing in conjunction with metal sheetwork. Compass saws, on the other hand, can be manipulated more easily, but have a relatively poor capacity. It is also known to provide saws with fittings which will enable them to be fitted to conventional electric drills, although hitherto tools of this nature have not func¬ tioned satisfactorily, due to instable connecting devic¬ es and to their excessively bulky and heavy construction when assembled, among other things.

It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide an electrically-operated circular handsaw whose capacity and maneuverability is superior to earlier known saws, particularly with respect to metal sheet- work. Another object is to enable such circular saws to be driven by means of electric drills which are intended to be handheld. Further objects of the invention and advantages afforded thereby are made evident in the following description. These objects are achieved with the circular saw defined in the following Claims.

The present invention is based on the realization that circular saws which are intended for sawing sheet metal or the like in conjunction with installation work, car repairs and the like for instance, should have an elon- gated main configuration with the saw blade arranged perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis of the saw. In addition, the saw should be divided into a saw unit and a motor unit, so as to enable these units to be replaced individually and so as to enable standard drills to be used as a drive motor. According to the invention, a compact bevelled gear is provided for power transmission between the drive motor and the saw blade, and an ergo- nomically and functionally adapted guide sleeve is detachably mounted on the motor housing such as to support the saw head stably and to guide the bevelled gearing connection.

The invention will now be described in more detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which

Figure 1 is a side view of one embodiment of an inven¬ tive circular saw; Figure 2 illustrates in larger scale the forward part of the saw illustrated in Figure 1; and Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view taken on the line

A-A in Figure 2.

The illustrated circular saw comprises a motor housing 11 and a saw unit 12 which are mutually connected through the intermediary of a guide sleeve 13 on the saw unit. The motor housing is chosen from any appropriate standard electric drill which includes conventionally an electric motor 14, a handgrip 15 and an on/off trigger 16. The machine, however, has no drill chuck, but is instead connected directly to the saw unit 12. This connection includes the aforesaid guide sleeve 13, which

has a wide collar part 17 which embraces the standard circular support neck 18 on the drill, and which has a narrower guide cylinder 19 which supports and guides a saw head 20. More specifically, the guide sleeve 13 comprises a cylindrical body which has three mutually different diameters which decrease stepwise from the collar part 17 to an intermediate, cylindrical shoulder 14, and to the guide cylinder 19. A central bore 49 extends through the whole of the guide sleeve. Mounted in the saw head 20 is a bevelled gearing 21 comprising an input drive shaft 22 which is provided with a screw thread connection 23 and which is connected to the output drive shaft 24 of the drill. This screw thread connection 23 and the drive shafts 22, 24 extend through the bore 49 and are therewith encircled by and also protected by the guide sleeve 13. Mounted on the output shaft 25 of the bevelled gearing is a carrier device 26 which is intended to carry a circular saw blade 27. The input shaft 22 is journalled in the saw head 20 by means of a ball-bearing 28 and is disposed fully in line with the output shaft 24 of the drill, through the intermedi¬ ary of said ball-bearing and said thread connection 23. Mounted on the inner end of the shaft 22 is a conical gear wheel 29 which functions to transmit torque to a second conical gear wheel 30 firmly mounted in the output shaft 25. This gearing 25 is journalled in the saw head 20 with the aid of a needle bearing 31 and a rearward ball-bearing 32, such that the shafts 25 and 22 extend perpendicularly to one another. Thus, the output drive shaft 25, i.e. the saw-blade carrying shaft, is perpendicular to both the motor housing 11 and to the longitudinal axis of the saw unit 12.

For the purpose of connecting and guiding the saw head 20 in the guide sleeve 13, a cylindrical recess 33 is provided centrally in the saw head and adapted to the

guide cylinder 19 on the guide sleeve 13. The saw head is also provided with a narrow cylindrical wall 34, which forms a junction between the saw head and the guide sleeve and which connects with the cylindrical shoulder 48 with a diameter corresponding to the diame¬ ter of the guide sleeve. The saw head 20 is assembled to the guide sleeve 13 with the aid of a screw device 35, consisting of one or more stop screws having conical tops and screwed through the wall of the saw head and into engagement with guide cylinder 19. The conical top 36 of respective stop screws is intended to engage in an annular groove 37 formed in the mantle surface of the guide cylinder. The groove has an angular cross-section with sloping abutment surfaces 38 intended for coaction with the conical tops 36 of respective locking screws 35. The guide sleeve 13 can be firmly mounted on the supporting neck 18 of the drill in some suitable, known manner, e.g. by means of locking screws 39 or by means of clamping devices which function to press the collar part 17 against the support neck. Loosening or removal of the locking- screws will enable the guide sleeve 13, and therewith the whole of the saw unit 12, to be rota¬ ted around the support neck and locked in new, selected positions throughout one complete turn of the saw unit. If so desired, however, for instance for safety reasons, rotation of the saw unit can be restricted to ±90° in relation to the position shown in the drawings.

The saw head 20 is also provided with a fixed protective cover 40 which is intended to cover at least 60% of the circumference of the saw blade and to expose only one circular segment inclined to the longitudinal axis of the saw at the forward edge of the saw. The saw is thus intended to be held inclined slightly forwards in rela- tion to its longitudinal axis, when sawing on a flat support surface. The saw depth can be adjusted to

depths of up to 25 mm, with the aid of a support plate 41 in the form of an angled plate whose one leg 42 is provided with a slot 43 which accommodates a locking screw 44. The other leg 45 of the plate forms a flat saw support surface, while the outer free end 46 of said other leg is bent or angled upwards towards the saw head 20, so as to form a stable support. The leg 42 is bent around a circular line adapted to a corresponding round¬ ing on the saw head 20, this rounding being adapted so that the support plate 41 can rotate around the free end 46 when adjusting the saw depth, without said end moving out of abutment with the saw head. The saw blade 27 preferably has a diameter of about 50 mm and the tool is particularly suited for sawing steel sheet having a thickness of up to 1 mm. The saw, however, is particu¬ larly suitable for sawing with the aid of saw blades of relatively small diameters, preferably between 40-60 mm and is, of course, not restricted to sawing steel sheet.

When fitting the saw unit to the motor housing, the guide sleeve 13 is first loosely attached to the support neck 18 of the drill. When the motor housing is com¬ prised of a standard drill, as in the illustrated case, that is fitted with a drill chuck, the chuck is, of course, removed prior to fitting the guide sleeve. The saw head 20, together with a firmly mounted input shaft 22, is then screwed as a unit onto the shaft journal or drive shaft 24 of the drill. The guide sleeve and saw head are secured together to form a single unit, by tightening respective stop screws 35 so that the conical tops 36 of said screws enter the annular groove 37 and press the end of the guide sleeve against the ball¬ bearing 28, so as to fix the bearing in the correct position. The collar part 17 is then tightened firmly on the support neck, with the aid of the locking or tightening screws 39. The saw unit 12 is now firmly

connected to the motor housing 11, but can be rotated around its own axis, as before mentioned, when the locking screws 39 are backed-off sufficient to enable the saw head to be rotated around the support neck 18 of the drill. The illustrated working state of the saw is normally the most appropriate, since the operator is able to grip the standard handgrip 15 on the motor housing with one hand and to grip the rearward part of the saw head and the collar 17 on the guide sleeve with the other hand. To this end, the collar part is prefer¬ ably rounded and the saw head may be provided with an appropriate plastic covering 47 which bridges the join between the saw head and the guide sleeve.