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Title:
HEADLAMP WITH AN IMPROVED LIGHT ADJUSTMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2018/041373
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The invention relates to a headlamp for a vehicle comprising a housing (10), a low beam light unit (11) and at least one high beam light unit (12) both being received in the housing (10) as well as a headlight range adjusting unit (13) for adjusting the range of the low beam by tilting the low beam light unit (11) about a low beam tilting axis (14). Further, the headlamp comprises a mechanical coupling unit (16) coupling the low beam light unit (11) to the high beam light unit (12) such that the high beam light unit (12) is tilted about a high beam tilting axis (15) simultaneously with the low beam light unit (11) being tilted about the low beam tilting axis (14). According to the invention, the mechanical coupling unit (16) comprises a coupling element (17), a first coupling link (18) and a second coupling link (19), wherein the first coupling link (18) is arranged between the low beam light unit (11) and the coupling element (17) and the second coupling link (19) is arranged between the high beam light unit (12) and the coupling element (17).

Inventors:
SEIGER, Ralf (Sommerweg 57, Lippstadt, 59556, DE)
Application Number:
EP2016/070855
Publication Date:
March 08, 2018
Filing Date:
September 05, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
HELLA GMBH & CO. KGAA (Rixbecker Straße 75, Lippstadt, 59552, DE)
International Classes:
B60Q1/076
Foreign References:
EP2796320A12014-10-29
DE102009033910A12011-01-27
EP2679444A22014-01-01
EP0081399A11983-06-15
Download PDF:
Claims:
Patent Claims

1 . Headlamp for a vehicle comprising

a housing (10),

a low beam light unit (1 1 ) and a high beam light unit (12) which are received in the housing (10),

a headlight range adjusting unit (13) for adjusting the range of the low beam by tilting the low beam light unit (1 1 ) about a low beam tilting axis (14), and

a mechanical coupling unit (1 6) coupling the low beam light unit (1 1 ) to the high beam light unit (12) such that the high beam light unit (12) is tilted about a high beam tilting axis (15) simultaneously with the low beam light unit (1 1 ) being tilted about the low beam tilting axis (14), characterised in that

the mechanical coupling unit (16) comprises a coupling element (17), a first coupling link (18) and a second coupling link (19), wherein

the first coupling link (18) is arranged between the low beam light unit

(1 1 ) and the coupling element (17) and

the second coupling link (19) is arranged between the high beam light unit (12) and the coupling element (17).

2. Headlamp according to claim 1 , characterised in that the coupling element

(17) forms a rocker element (20), wherein the rocker element (20) is tiltable arranged about a rocker tilting axis (21 ).

3. Headlamp according to claim 2, characterised in that the first coupling link

(18) is connected to the rocker element (20) on a first side of the rocker tilting axis (21 ) and the second coupling element (19) is connected to the rocker element (20) on a second side of the rocker tilting axis (21 ) opposite to the first side. Headlamp according to one of the claims 1 to 3, characterised in that the first coupling link (18) and the second coupling link (19) both have the same length.

Headlamp according to one of the preceding claims, characterised in that - in relation to the mounting position of the headlamp in the vehicle - the low beam light unit (1 1 ) is arranged in an upper position and the high beam light unit (12) is arranged in a lower position within the housing (10).

Headlamp according to one of the preceding claims, characterised in that - with respect to the light emitting direction (X) - the low beam light unit (1 1 ) is arranged in a backward position and the high beam light unit (12) is arranged in a forward position.

Headlamp according to one of the preceding claims, characterised in that the low beam light unit (1 1 ) comprises a first reflector element (22) and a second reflector element (23), wherein

the first reflector element (22) is tiltable about the low beam tilting axis

(14),

the second reflector element (23) is arranged in the housing (10) and is tiltable about a tilting axis (24), and

both reflector elements (22, 23) are connected to each other by means of an interconnecting element (25).

Headlamp according to claim 7, characterised in that the first reflector element (22) comprises a lever arm (26) extending in vertical direction and behind the high beam light unit (12), wherein the first coupling link (18) is coupled to the low beam light unit (1 1 ) by a connection to the lever arm (26).

Headlamp according to claim 8, characterised in that the lever arm (26) comprises a connection point (27) for tiltable receiving the low beam light unit (1 1 ) in the housing (10), wherein

the first coupling link (18) is connected to the lever arm (26) below the connecton point (27) and

the interconnecting element (25) between the reflector element (22) of the low beam light unit (1 1 ) and the second reflector element (23) is connected to the lever arm (26) above the connection point (27).

10. Headlamp according to claim 9, characterised in that the headlight range adjusting unit (13) is connected to the reflector element (22) above the connection point (27) and below a connection point of the interconnecting element (25) which is arranged between the reflector element (22) of the low beam light unit (1 1 ) and the second reflector element (23).

Description:
Head Lamp with an improved Light Adjustment

Description

The invention relates to a headlamp for a vehicle with a housing, wherein a low beam light unit and a high beam light unit are received within the housing, and wherein the headlamp comprises a headlight range adjusting unit for adjusting the range of the low beam by tilting the low beam light unit in a low beam tilting axis, and wherein the high beam light unit is tiltable about a high beam tilting axis simultaneously with tilting the low beam light unit by means of a mechanical coupling between the low beam light unit and the high beam light unit.

PRIOR ART

Most of known headlights for vehicles comprise more than one light unit. Depending on the kind of the vehicle and the regulations of the national market, it is necessary to provide a tilting mechanism for the low beam light unit as well as for the high beam light unit. Usually, the headlight range adjusting unit is coupled to the low beam light unit. In order to adjust the high beam light unit directly with the adjustment of the low beam light unit, the mechanical coupling is directly arranged between the lower and the high beam light unit. Accordingly, a simultaneous tilting of both the low beam light unit and the high beam light unit is provided.

DE 10 2009 033 910 A1 discloses a headlamp for a vehicle having a housing in which a low beam light unit and a high beam light unit are received. The headlight comprises a headlight range adjustment unit having a mechanical coupling unit for simultaneously tilting the lower and the high beam light unit. The disclosed arrangement is only feasible for applications with light units which are arranged one next to the other. However, the headlight range adjustment unit as disclosed is not applicable for headlamps comprising a low beam light unit in an upper position and a high beam light unit in a position below the low beam light unit. Another headlamp is known from DE 10 2014 102 867 A1 , which comprises a first frame for receiving a first light unit and a second frame for receiving a second a light unit. Both light units are arranged one in front of the other. A mechanical coupling is performed with a coupling means. When the headlight range adjustment unit is activated, both light units are tilted about dedicated tilting axes. However, the mechanical coupling is not suitable for light units which are arranged above each other.

DISCLOSURE OF INVENTION

The object of the present invention is providing a headlamp for a vehicle comprising at least two light units which are arranged one above the other, wherein the mechanical coupling allows for tilting both light units about an at least similar tilting angle. Herein, the tilting of both light units should be achieved with only one headlight range adjustment unit.

This object is achieved by a headlamp as taught by claim 1 of the present invention. Advantageous embodiments of the invention are defined in the dependent claims.

The invention includes the technical teaching that the mechanical coupling unit between two light units of the headlamp comprises a coupling element, a first coupling link and a second coupling link, wherein the first coupling link is arranged between the low beam light unit and the coupling element and wherein the second coupling element is arranged between the high beam light unit and the coupling element.

The main idea of the invention is the design of the mechanical coupling unit having a coupling element which enables a simultaneous tilting of a light unit which is arranged below another light unit, wherein the other light unit is coupled to the headlight range adjusting unit. The mechanical coupling unit comprises the coupling element as well as the first and the second coupling link. Both coupling links are connected to the coupling element. Further, the first light unit is coupled to the first coupling link, whereas the second light unit is coupled to the second coupling link. When the coupling element performs a tilting movement about a tilting axis, both coupling links are moved in a longitudinal direction. In other words: The first coupling link is coupled to the light unit which is connected to the headlight range adjusting unit. When the headlight range adjusting unit actuates the first light unit, this movement is transferred to a longitudinal movement of the first coupling link resulting in a tilting movement of the coupling element about a tilting axis of the coupling element. Finally, the tilting movement of the coupling element causes a longitudinal movement of the second coupling link, which is connected to the second light unit. Thus, the coupling element causes a reversion of the moving direction, and as a result, the tilting movement of the high beam light unit is the same as the tilting movement of the low beam light unit.

According to a preferred embodiment, the coupling element forms a rocker element, wherein the rocker element is tiltable arranged about a rocker tilting axis. The first coupling link is connected to the rocker element on a first side of the rocker tilting axis and the second coupling link is arranged to the rocker element on a second side of the rocker tilting axis opposite to the first side on which first coupling element is connected to the rocker element. At least this arrangement results in the reversion of the longitudinal movement of both coupling links to a simultaneous tilting of both light units in the same direction.

According to yet another embodiment, the first coupling link and the second coupling link both have the same length. The identical length of both coupling links lead to a thermo-symmetric arrangement of the mechanical coupling unit. I.e., the arrangement is independent of temperature changes, as any temperature induced elongation of the coupling linksis counter balanced due to the same length of the coupling links. For ensuring a complete compensation of temperature induced elongations of the coupling links, the coupling links are preferably made of one and the same material.

According to a special embodiment of the invention, the low beam light unit is arranged in an upper position within the housing (with respect to the mounting position of the headlamp in the vehicle), whereas the high beam light unit is arranged in a lower position within the housing (with respect to the mounting position of the headlamp in the vehicle). Accordingly, the headlight range adjustment unit is coupled to the low beam light unit and the high beam light unit is coupled to the low beam light unit by means of the mechanical coupling unit comprising the coupling element and the first and second coupling link.

With respect to the light emitting direction in which the light propagates, e.g. in forward direction of the vehicle, the low beam light unit is arranged in a backward position and the high beam light unit is arranged in a forward position. Accordingly, the high beam light unit is situated in front of the low beam light unit in the longitudinal direction of the car and the high beam light unit is arranged below the low beam light unit with respect to a vertical axis of the car. The arrangement must be seen in a usual mounting position of the headlamp in the vehicle.

Advantageously, the low beam light unit comprises a first reflector element and a second reflector element, wherein the first reflector element is tiltable about the low beam tilting axis and wherein the second reflector element is tiltable about a tilting axis, and wherein both reflector elements are connected to each other by means of an interconnecting element. Consequently, the low beam light unit is an assembly of the first and the second reflector element, wherein the first reflector element is some kind of basic element and the second reflector element is a coordinated reflector element. The interconnecting element extends from the first reflector element to the second reflector element. The second reflector element comprises a separate tilting axis which is disposed in a spaced arrangement with respect to the low beam tilting axis.

According to one embodiment of the present invention, the first reflector element comprises a lever arm extending in vertical direction and behind the high beam light unit, wherein the first coupling link is coupled to the low beam light unit by a connection to the lever arm. Alternatively, the lever arm can be arranged at the second reflector element. In n general, the lever arm is arranged at the low beam light unit.

According to a preferred embodiment, the lever arm comprises a connection point for tiltable receiving the low beam light unit in the housing, wherein the first coupling link is connected to the lever arm below the connection point and wherein the interconnecting element between the reflector element of the low beam light unit and the sec- ond reflector element is connected to the lever arm above the connection point. The connection point forms the central point of the low beam light unit forming a stationary point which is inactively resting in the housing of the headlamp, and the connection point may form an adjusting point for a pre-adjusting of the headlamp.

The headlight range adjusting unit may be connected to the first reflector element above the connection point and below the connection point of the coupling element which is arranged between the first reflector element of the low beam light unit and the second reflector element. When the first reflector element of the low beam light unit is tilted by the headlight range adjusting unit towards the light emitting direction, the lever arm of the first reflector element is tilted backwards with regard to the light emitting direction. This tilting of the lever arm causes a longitudinal movement of the first coupling link and thus a tilting of the coupling element of the mechanical coupling unit. Due to the interconnection of the coupling element to the high beam light unit via the second coupling link, the high beam light unit also tilts towards the light emitting direction. In other words, the low beam light unit and in particular itsfirst reflector element forms some kind of a seesaw, and due to the movement reversion of the mechanical coupling unit both the low beam light unit and the high beam light unit perform the same tilting movement in the same direction when the headlight range adjusting unit gets activated.

PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Additional details, characteristics and advantages of the object of the invention are disclosed in the dependent claims and the following description of the respective figures which show in an exemplary fashion a preferred embodiment of the light emitting device according to the invention.

Fig. 1 a perspective view of the low beam light unit and the high beam light unit and the mechanical coupling unit between both light units,

Fig. 2 a cross sectioned perspective view of the low beam light unit and the high beam light unit with a detailed illustration of the mechanical coupling unit and

Fig. 3 a view of the housing showing the tilting axis of the light units within the housing.

Figure 1 shows a perspective view of the low beam light unit 1 1 and the high beam light unit 12. The low beam light unit 1 1 is arranged above the high beam light unit 12. The high beam light unit 12 is coupled to the low beam light unit 1 1 by means of a mechanical coupling unit 1 6 which is rotatably supported within the housing of the headlamp (not shown).

The low beam light unit 1 1 comprises a reflector element having a first reflector 22 and a second reflector element 23. The first reflector element 22 is tiltable about a low beam tilting axis 14, and the second reflector element 23 is tiltable about a tilting axis 24 located at a distance from the low beam tilting axis 14.

The first reflector element 22 and the second reflector element 23 together build a part of the low beam light in front of the vehicle. However, the reflectors 22 and 23 are tiltable about different axis 14 and 24. In order to couple both reflector elements 22 and 23, an interconnecting element 25 is arranged between both reflectors 22 and 23.

The reflector element 22 comprises a lever arm 26, to which the mechanical coupling unit 1 6 is connected. The mechanical coupling unit 1 6 comprises a coupling element 17, a first coupling link 18 and a second coupling link 19. The first coupling link 18 is connected to the free end of the lever arm 26. The second coupling link 19 is coupled to the high beam light unit 12. For rotatably supporting the mechanical coupling unit 1 6, the coupling element 17 comprises two studs which are provided on opposite sides of the coupling element 17 and each extend in direction of axis 21 (compare fig. 2).

When the low beam light unit 1 1 is actuated by the headlight range adjusting unit 13, the reflector elements 22 and 23 perform a tilting movement as shown in fig. 1 by the double-arrows. Accordingly the lever arm 26 performs an opposite tilting movement about the low beam tilting axis 14. This movement of the lever arm 26 is transmitted to the high beam light unit 12 via the first coupling link 18, the coupling element 17 and the second coupling link 19, such that the high beam light unit 12 and the low beam light unit 1 1 are synchronously tilted about their corresponding tilt axis 14 and 15.

Figure 2 shows a cross sectioned perspective view of the high beam light unit 1 1 and the low beam light unit 12. The high beam light unit 1 1 comprises the first reflector element 22 and the second reflector element 23. In the cross section, an interconnecting element 25 is shown between the reflector element 22 and the second reflector element 23.

When the reflector element 22 is tilted by the headlight range adjusting unit 13 about the connection point 27 in clockwise direction, the upper part of the reflector element 22 and thus the second reflector element 23 are tilted backwards with respect to the light emitting direction X. This movement causes a movement of the lever arm 26 towards the light emitting direction X. Accordingly, the rocker element 20, which is coupled to the lever arm 26 via the first coupling link 18, is also tilted about the rocker tilting axis 21 in clockwise direction. I.e., the coupling element 17 forms a rocker element 20, wherein the attachment of the second coupling link 19 on the opposite side of the first coupling link 18 causes a tilting movement of the high beam light unit 12 also in a clockwise direction. In other words, the mechanical coupling unit 1 6 reverses the tilting direction of the lever arm 26 (which is a part of the reflector element 22). As a result, the high beam light unit 12 and the low beam light unit 1 1 perform (at least almost) the same tilting movement in the same direction.

Figure 3 shows a perspective view of the housing 10 of the headlamp. As shown in fig. 3, a number of ball joints 28 is arranged in the body of the housing 10. Pairs of ball joints 28 are interconnected by imaginary lines illustrating the tilting axis of the first reflector element 22, the second reflector element 23 and the high beam light unit 12. In detail, the tilting axis 24 between the two upper left ball joints 28 represents the tilting axis of the second reflector element 23. The low beam tilting axis 14 is located at a distance from the tilting axis 24. The high beam tilting axis 15 is also arranged apart from the low beam axis 14 and the tilting axis 24. As can be seen in the perspective view, the high beam tilting axis 15 and the low beam tilting axis 14 are not parallel to each other, but they are arranged in a distance and with a slight inclination. This shows another advantage of the mechanical coupling unit 1 6 of the present invention, as the tilting axes may be also arranged in a non-parallel manner relative to each other.

The present invention is not limited to the embodiment described above, which is represented as an example only and can be modified in various ways within the scope of protection defined by the pending patent claims. Thus, the invention is also applicable to different embodiments, in particular regarding the design of the upper and low beam light units.

List of numerals

10 housing

1 1 low beam light unit

12 high beam light unit

13 headlight range adjusting unit

14 low beam tilting axis

15 high beam tilting axis

1 6 mechanical coupling unit

17 coupling element

18 first coupling link

19 second coupling link

20 rocker element

21 rocker tilting axis

22 first reflector element

23 second reflector element

24 tilting axis

25 interconnecting element

26 lever arm

27 connection point

28 ball joint

X light emitting direction