Login| Sign Up| Help| Contact|

Patent Searching and Data


Title:
HEALTHY FROZEN CONFECTION MIX
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/097542
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention relates to a frozen confection mix comprising 9 to 13,5 wt. % added sugar, below 8,5 wt. % fat, protein and emulsifier, and having a total solid content between 35% to 41,5%; wherein the frozen confection mix has a protein to emulsifier ratio of 10 to 11 and comprises 1 to 8 wt. % non-digestible fibers. The frozen confection mix according to the invention mix may have calories < 190kcal, saturated fatty acids < 5,5 wt. %, and mono and di saccharides < 19,5 wt. %. The invention also relates to a frozen confection comprising this mix and to a process of making the mix.

Inventors:
CHADJICHRISTOS, Sigrid (2 allée des Mésanges, Villers sous Saint Leu, Villers sous Saint Leu, 60340, FR)
JUNG, Jin-Mi (14 rue Henri Gaudichet, App. 58, Beauvais, 60000, FR)
DE MAUROY, Maylis (47 rue des Martyrs, Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, 78700, FR)
Application Number:
EP2016/077589
Publication Date:
June 15, 2017
Filing Date:
November 14, 2016
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
NESTEC S.A. (IAM Department, Avenue Nestlé 55, 1800 Vevey, 1800, CH)
International Classes:
A23G9/32; A23G9/34; A23G9/52
Domestic Patent References:
2011-06-16
2003-03-13
2008-01-10
2015-06-25
Foreign References:
EP2756762A12014-07-23
EP1982601A12008-10-22
EP1925210A12008-05-28
EP1570746A12005-09-07
EP1673980A12006-06-28
US20060141103A12006-06-29
EP1597976A12005-11-23
EP1967077A22008-09-10
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ELLEBY, Gudrun (NESTEC S.A, IAM DepartmentAvenue Nestlé 55, 1800 Vevey, 1800, CH)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. A frozen confection mix comprising

9 to 13,5 wt. % added sugar,

below 8,5 wt. % fat,

protein and emulsifier, and

having a total solid content between 35% to 41,5%;

wherein the frozen confection mix has

a protein to emulsifier ratio of 10 to 11 and comprises

1 to 8 wt. % non-digestible fibers.

2. A frozen confection mix according to claim 1, wherein the frozen confectionery mix has

calories < 190kcal,

saturated fatty acids < 5,5 wt. %, and

mono and di saccharides < 19,5 wt. %.

3. A frozen confection mix according to claims 1 or 2, wherein the frozen confection mix comprises a protein to emulsifier ratio of 10,2 to 10,8, preferably from 10,4 to 10,6.

4. A frozen confection mix according to any if the preceding claims, wherein the mix comprises glucose syrup. 5. A frozen confection mix according to any if the preceding claims, wherein the added sugar 10%) to 13,5 wt. % of added sugar.

6. A frozen confection mix according to any if the preceding claims, wherein the non- digestible fibers are resistant dextrin.

7. A frozen confection mix according to any if the preceding claims comprising

4 to 8 wt. % fat, preferably 4,5% to 6,5 wt. % fat, and wherein the fat comprises coconut oil.

8. A frozen confection mix according to any of claims 1 to 6, wherein the frozen confection mix comprises

5 to 8,5 wt. % fat, preferably 5,5 to 8,1 wt. % fat, and wherein the fat consist of dairy fat.

9. A frozen confection mix according to any of claims 1 to 6, wherein the frozen confection mix further comprises

4 to 8 wt. % fat, preferably 4,5 to 6,5 wt. % fat, and wherein the fat blend comprises coconut fat and palm oils.

10. A frozen confection mix according to any of claims 1 to 9, wherein the frozen confection mix does not contain, artificial or natural, high intensity sweeteners, and no added fructose or high fructose corn syrup.

11. A frozen confection mix according to any of claims 1 to 10, wherein the frozen confection mix does not contain, polyols or sugar alcohol, for example Gycerol, Maltitol, Xylitol, Sorbitol.

12. A frozen confection mix according to any of claims 1 to 11, wherein the frozen confection mix contain less than 0,6g of emulsifier and stabilizer, per lOOg of mix.

13. Process of making a frozen confection mix, wherein the process comprising the following steps:

providing an frozen confection mix according to any of claims 1 to 12,

blending the mix, heat treating blend to destroy pathogens,

homogenize blend to breakdown and stabilize fat globules,

optionally flavoring the blend to suit taste, and

cooling blend to allow aging and partial coalescence of the fat globules.

14. A frozen confection comprising a frozen confection mix according to any if claims 1 to 12.

Description:
HEALTHY FROZEN CONFECTION MIX

Field of Invention The present invention relates to a mix composition for frozen confection, in particular to a mix composition for frozen confection reduced in fat, saturated fatty acid, and added sugar, with preserved organoleptic properties. The invention also relates to a method for producing said frozen confection mix composition, and to the use of said mix composition in ice cream manufacturing.

Background of Invention

Ice cream and other frozen confections are treats highly appreciated by consumers. Texture and nutritional profile are key criteria driving the consumers' preference. With the increasing concern for health and wellness there is a wish to reducing calories, sugars and saturated fatty acids (SFA) also in frozen confections.

Fat and sugar reduced frozen confectioneries are well known. In order to reduce the fat and SFA content, one could simply reduce the fat proportion in the mix composition of the frozen novelty or use a fat blend with a reduced content in SFA. Sugar reduction could be achieve by substituting sugar with other low molecular weight molecules, and balance the sweetness perception loss by adding high intensity sweeteners. However these solutions are not satisfactory because fat reduction has a negative impact on the mix composition, and sugar reduction increases the hard and icy mouthfeel.

Fat reduction has a negative impact on the mix composition, it is likely to decrease the stability of the final product and reduce the organoleptic properties. These negative effects on texture and shape retention can be addressed by adding stabilizers and emulsifiers to the mix. However, stabilizers and emulsifiers are usually expensive and they are sometimes perceived as artificial compounds by the consumers.

Sugar reduction increases the hard and icy mouthfeel while decreasing the sweetness of the frozen confection. Low molecular weight compounds and intense sweeteners that are used to in frozen confection to provide low sugar product are not supported by all consumers due to digestive discomfort etc. The low molecular weight compounds and intense sweeteners may furthermore be perceived as artificial compounds. Another known solution is the use of bulking agents such as fibers.

WO 2012/076641 (Nestec) teaches a frozen confection with hydrolysed whole grain. The whole grain may contain dietary fibres. The use of the hydrolysed whole grain provides an effect on the texture of the frozen confection. This application is silent about fat reduction.

WO 2008/125595 (Nestec) teaches ice confections with reduce sugar content. Said sugar reduction is achieved through a mixture of sugar containing fructose. Non digestible carbohydrates may be used as bulking agent. This application is silent about fat reduction.

WO 2011/069224 (Carella et al.) teaches gelato formulations which are sugar reduced, high in protein, and fibres enriched. The fibres may be non digestible oligosaccharides. This application discloses formulations with high contents of polyols. Consumers are looking for healthier options of frozen confection but are not willing to compromise either on the quality (e.g. too many artificial additives) or on the indulgence (rich and pleasant mouthfeel).

Therefore there is a need for providing healthier mix compositions for frozen confectioneries, while maintaining the organoleptic experience and shape stability.

Object of the invention

It is an object of the present invention to provide healthier mix compositions for frozen confections with reduced fat, saturated fatty acid and sugar contents, and providing organoleptic experiences equivalent to less healthy products.

Another object of the invention is to provide healthier mix compositions for frozen confections which have the same shape retention properties than less healthy products.

Summary of the invention

The present invention provides healthier mix compositions for frozen confections with less than 190kcal per lOOg, having a sensory profile similar to existing less healthy frozen confection mixes while maintaining the shape retention properties of the final product.

According to a first aspect the invention relates to frozen confection mix comprising 9 to 13,5 wt. % added sugar,

below 8,5 wt. % fat,

protein and emulsifier, and

having a total solid content between 35% to 41 ,5%;

wherein the frozen confection mix has

a protein to emulsifier ratio of 10 to 11 and comprises

1 to 8 wt. % non-digestible fibers. Frozen confections made with the mix according to the invention have a smooth and creamy texture.

Brief description of the figures Figure 1 shows trial 1; sensory evaluation, example 18 (diamond) and example 19 (square) are plotted.

Figure 2 shows trial 1; total melt after 3 hours at room temperature, in % (vertical axis); example 18 (left) and 19 (right) .

Figure 3 shows trial 1; shape retention after 1 hour at room temperature; pictures of example 18 (left) and 19 (right) .

Figure 4 shows trial 1; sensory evaluation; examples 2 (diamond), 19 (square) and 34 (triangle) are plotted. Figure 5 shows trial 1; total melt after 3 hours at room temperature, in % (vertical axis); example 19 (left) , example 2 (middle) and 34 (right).

Figure 6 shows trial 1; shape retention after 30 minutes at room temperature; pictures of example 19 (left column), example 2 (middle column) and example 34 (right column) are displayed.

Figure 7 shows trial 2; sensory evaluation; example 20 (diamond) and example 22 (circle).

Figure 8 shows trial 2; total melt after 3 hours at room temperature, in % (vertical axis); example 20 (left) and example 22 (right) .

Figure 9 shows trial 2; shape retention after 30 minutes at room temperature; pictures of example 20 (upper row) and example 22 (lower row).

Figure 10 shows trial 2; sensory evaluation; example 5 (circle), example 22 (cross) and example 37 (triangle).

Figure 11 shows trial 2; total melt after 3 hours at room temperature, in % (vertical axis), example 22 (left) , example 5 (middle) and example 37 (right).

Figure 12 shows trial 2; shape retention after 30 minutes at room temperature; pictures of example 22 (left column), example 5 (middle column) and example 37 (right column).

Figure 13 shows trial 2; sensory evaluation; example 3 (triangle) and example 6 (square) are plotted.

Figure 14 shows trial 2; sensory evaluation; example 20 (diamond) and example 23 (square).

Detailed Description

It has surprisingly been found that the particular protein to emulsifier ratio of 10 to 1 1 allows a product with good shape retention properties and taste when combined with 1 to 8 wt. % non-digestible fibres. This is the case even for mixes which are reduced in fat, saturated fatty acid and sugar contents. A particular preferred protein to emulsifier ratio is 10,2 to 10,8, more preferably from 10,4 to 10,6. It is knows in the art that proteins may behave as emulsifier due to their chemical structure. However, in the present context, proteins are not included among emulsifier for the calculation of the protein to emulsifier ratio. Protein sources, in the context of the present invention, may be dairy products, stabilizers, non digestible fibers, low DE glucose syrup.

In the present context the added sugars are mono and di saccharides, excluding lactose of dairy origin.

Further by Carbohydrate is meant: All saccharides and polysaccharides, thus including sugars, and lactose. This definition of carbohydrates does not include non digestible oligosaccharides, organic acids, alcohols and polyols. In the present context by dietary fibers is meant: hydrocolloids, digestible polysaccharide. These dietary fibers may contain traces of non-digestible oligosaccharides. Furthermore, by non-digestible fibers is meant: a composition containing at least 60% (in dry mass) of non digestible oligosaccharide, soluble or insoluble, that escapes digestion in the small intestine of healthy persons and do not raise blood glucose levels. These non-digestible oligosaccharides are obtained for example through chemical (acid hydrolysis) or enzymatic treatment of polysaccharides.

Further, in the present context healthier frozen confection is made from a frozen confection mix which is characterized by having calories < 190kcal, fat < 8,5 %, SFA < 5,5%, and mono and di saccharides < 19,5%.

Dairy fat in the present content can be made from milk products, including cream, butter, butterfat, or milk in one of its various forms: whole fluid milk, evaporated milk, skim milk, condensed milk, sweetened dried milk, or dried skim milk.

High intensity sweeteners are Glycyrrhizin and its acid derivatives, Monk fruit, Monatin, Steviol glycosides, Thaumatin, Acesulfame K, Alitame, Aspartame, Aspartame-Acesulfame Salt, Cyclamic acid and its salts, Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone , Neotame, Saccharin and its salts, Sucralose.

It is preferred that the frozen confection mix according to the invention does not contain, artificial or natural, high intensity sweeteners, and no added fructose or high fructose corn syrup.

Furthermore, it is preferred that the frozen confection mix does not contain, polyols or sugar alcohol, for example Gycerol, Maltitol, Xylitol, Sorbitol. In the present context by emulsifier is meant a surfactant molecule that has the ability to form a stable emulsion.

Further in the present context unless otherwise indicated % of a component means the % of weight based on the weight of the composition, i.e. weight/weight %.

It has been found that it is possible to provide a healthier mix compositions for frozen confections without noticeably increasing the amount of stabilizers and emulsifiers. It has further been found that the present invention provides a healthier mix compositions for frozen confections which do not contain high intensity sweeteners.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the frozen confection mix comprises glucose syrup. Glucose syrup provides the benefits of balancing the total solids reduction due to sugar decrease. Furthermore, glucose syrups bind water more efficiently than small molecules (like sugars) and tend to give more body and texture to the final product.

It is furthermore preferred that the frozen confection mix comprises 10% to 13,5 wt. % of added sugar. This give a desirable sweetness to the product while keeping the added sugar content low and acceptable from a nutritional point of view.

In a particular preferred embodiment of the invention the frozen confection mix as described above further comprises non-digestible fibers being resistant dextrin. Non digestible fibers have the same benefits that glucose syrup in terms of total solids balance and texture improvement, without increasing the caloric content. Resistant dextrin are advantageous over other non-digestible oligosaccharides such as inulin for example, because they don't have laxative effects. The following are preferred embodiments of frozen confection mixes:

A coconut oil based frozen confection mix according to the invention comprising 4 to 8 wt. % fat, preferably 4,5 to 6,5 wt. % fat, and comprising coconut oil. Preferably in this frozen confection mix the fat consist of coconut oil.

A dairy fat based frozen confection mix according to the invention comprising 5% to 8,5 wt.% fat, more preferably 5,5 to 8,1 wt. % fat, and wherein the fat consist of dairy fat. A palm and coconut fat based frozen confection mix according to the invention comprising 4 to 8 wt. % fat, preferably 4,5 to 6,5 wt. % fat, and wherein the fat blend comprises coconut fat and palm oils. Preferably in this frozen confection mix the fat consist of coconut oil and palm oils. Good shape retention properties may be obtained with a frozen confection mix according to the invention even with less than 0,6g of emulsifier and stabilizer, per lOOg of mix.

The invention also relates to a frozen confection comprising a frozen confection mix as described in this document.

The invention also relates to a process of making a frozen confection mix, wherein the process comprising the following steps:

providing an frozen confection mix as discussed above,

blending the mix, heat treating blend to destroy pathogens,

homogenize blend to breakdown and stabilize fat globules,

optionally flavoring the blend to suit taste, and

cooling blend to allow aging and partial coalescence of the fat globules. The invention also relates to a frozen confection obtained with this process.

Experimental part

All masses are expressed in g per lOOg of material. Energy values are expressed in Kcal per lOOg of material. Materials

Carbohydrate sources:

Sugar (Energy : 399,76 Kcal; water 0,06g; protein Og; carbohydrates 99,94g; sugars 99,94g; ashes and mineral Og; lactose Og; total solids 99,94g).

- Glucose Syrup 37-40 DE (Energy: 314,4 Kcal; water 20,5g; protein 0,lg; carbohydrates 78,5g; sugars 22g; ashes and mineral 0,9g; lactose Og; total solids 79,5g).

Glucose Syrup 60 DE (Energy : 319,96 Kcal; water 20g; protein Og; carbohydrates 79,9g; sugars 53g; ashes and mineral 0,0 lg; lactose Og; total solids 80g).

- Glucose Syrup 92-97 DE (Energy : 295,6 Kcal; water 26g; protein Og; carbohydrates 73, 9g; sugars 72g; ashes and mineral 0,lg; lactose Og; total solids 74g).

Glucose Syrup 95-98 DE (Energy : 295,6 Kcal; water 26g; protein Og; carbohydrates 73, 9g; sugars 72g; ashes and mineral 0,lg; lactose Og; total solids 74g).

Dextrose Monohydrate Bag (Energy : 362 Kcal; water 9g; protein Og; carbohydrates 90,5g; sugars 90,5g; ashes and mineral 0,05g; lactose Og; total solids 91g). Dairy compounds:

Whey Sweet Powder (Energy : 359,92 Kcal; water 2,98g; protein 12,44g; fat l,04g; SFA 0,6g; carbohydrates 74,45g; sugars 74,45g; ashes and mineral 8,09g; lactose 74,45g; total solids 97,02g). Milk Skimmed Powder MH Low Range 25kg (Energy : 357,72 Kcal; water 4g; protein 35,33 g; fat 0,96g; SFA 0,64g; carbohydrates 51,94g; sugars 51,94g; ashes and mineral 7,77g; lactose 51,94g ; total solids 96g). Stabilizer is a combination of about 45% Guar gum, about 45% Caroub gum and about 10% Carrageenan:

Gum Guar Flour (Energy : 196,2Kcal; water 8g; protein 4,5g; fat 0,6g; SFA Og; carbohydrates Og; sugars Og; ashes and mineral 0,5g; lactose Og; total solids 92g; dietary fibers 86,4g).

- Gum Carob Flour (Energy : 197Kcal; water lOg; protein 6g; fat lg; SFA Og; carbohydrates Og; sugars Og; ashes and mineral lg; lactose Og; total solids 90g; dietary fibers 82g).

Carrageenan (Energy : 156,3Kcal; water 8,7g; protein l,2g; fat 0,3g; SFA Og; carbohydrates Og; sugars Og; ashes and mineral 15,4g; lactose Og; total solids 91 ,3g; dietary fibers 74,4g).

Fat sources:

Coconut Fat (Energy : 900Kcal; water Og; protein Og; fat lOOg; SFA 86g; Mono- unsaturated fatty acids 6,4g; Poly-unsaturated fatty acids l,5g; carbohydrates Og; ashes and mineral Og; total solids lOOg).

- Oil Blend Palm 60% Coconut 40% (Energy : 899,0 lKcal; water 0,lg; protein Og; fat 99,89g; SFA 64,2g; Mono-unsaturated fatty acids 23, lg; Poly-unsaturated fatty acids 6,3g; carbohydrates Og; ashes and mineral 0,0 lg; total solids 99, 9g).

Cream 36%> Fat Pasteurized (Energy : 342,4Kcal; water 59g; protein 2g; fat 36g; SFA 19,74g; carbohydrates 2,6g; sugars 2,6g; ashes and mineral 0,4g; lactose 2,6g; total solids 41g).

Cream Fresh 30%> Fat (Energy : 291,2Kcal; water 64,18g; protein 2,3g; fat 30g; SFA 18,6g; Mono-unsaturated fatty acids 7,5g; Poly-unsaturated fatty acids 0,6g; carbohydrates 3g; sugars 3g; ashes and mineral 0,52g; lactose 3g; total solids 35,82g).

Emulsifier: - Mighty Soft (Energy : 890,88Kcal; water lg; protein Og; fat 98,98g; SFA 65,13g; Mono-unsaturated fatty acids 12,09g; Poly-unsaturated fatty acids l,86g; carbohydrates Og; organic acids (fatty acids excluded) 0,02g; ashes and mineral Og; total solids 99g).

Non digestible Fibers:

Resistant Dextrin Powder DE18-21 (Energy : 245,4Kcal; water 5,5g; protein 0,05g; fat Og; non-digestible Oligosaccharides 66g; carbohydrates 28,3g; sugars 9,4g; ashes and mineral 0,05g; lactose Og; total solids 94, 5g).

Cocoa Powder

Cocoa Powder 10-12% fat (Energy : 311,6Kcal; water 4g; protein 22g; fat 1 lg; SFA 6,8g; non-digestible Oligosaccharides Og; carbohydrates 12,5g; sugars lg; ashes and mineral 12g; lactose Og; total solids 96g; dietary fibers 31,3g).

- Cocoa Powder 20-22%> fat (Energy : 378,46Kcal; water 4g; protein 20g; fat 21g;

SFA 12g; non-digestible Oligosaccharides Og; carbohydrates 10,7g; sugars lg; ashes and mineral 10,5g; lactose Og; total solids 96g; dietary fibers 28, 5g).

Methods

Ice cream processing

Conventional mix proceedings, homogenization and pasteurization were used, as well as freezing in a continuous freezer. The following ingredients were blended (water, carbohydrate sources, stabilizers, milk solids, fat sources), then the hydration of ice cream mix took place for about 20 min at about 60°C, then preheating to 72°C, the mixes were homogenized and then pasteurized using a continuous plate heat-exchanger (at about 85°C for about 30 seconds). Mixes were aged at least 4 hours, in chilled conditions (about +5°C). Each mix was frozen on a continuous freezer. An overrun of about 120% was provided, freezing temperature about -6°C. Each ice cream was then hardened in a ventilated hardening cell at -30°C to -40°C.

Sensory Analysis The tasting was done after a heat shock test as described herein.

The tasting panel consisted of twelve people who are trained for ice cream tasting. For each sensory attribute on texture and sweetness an intensity scale of 0 to 100 was used. Monadic profiles were obtained.

There were 2 limits of acceptance:

1) No more than 3 sensory attributes having a significant difference, according to the panel,

2) No sensory attributes with a difference of 10 points, or more, (on a 100 point scale) compared to the reference.

If one of these limits (or both) is reach, then the sample is not validated as similar to the reference. Sensory attributes were as follow:

Hard (or Firm): Force required to vertically penetrate the spoon into the ice cream in the center of the ice cream mass. Penetrate the spoon vertically into the center of the ice cream mass up to 2/3 of the spoon. Apply the same force on every sample.

Elastic: Ability of the product to regain its shape after a deformation. After rating hardness, move the spoon horizontally forwards and backwards 3 times and evaluate the degree to which the mass comes back to its previous position.

Cold: Thermal perception at the contact of the ice cream with the tongue, teeth and palate. Evaluate the cold perception at the contact with the ice cream after 3 seconds and then spit out.

Compact: Perception of the compactness when compressing the sample between the tongue & palate. A sample with many & large air cells will be perceived as fluffy, not compact. A sample with a few and small air cells will be perceived as compact.

Melting rate: Evaluate the speed at which the ice cream becomes liquid when compressing the sample between tongue & palate (From slow to fast).

Smooth: Silky perception in the mouth generated by a product which is free from roughness, lumps, ridges, irregularities or particles (e.g. ice-crystals) when compressing the ice cream between the tongue and palate.

Chewy: Evaluate the resistance to bite, the effort required to prepare the sample for swallowing (i.e. the number of chews before swallowing).

Mouth coating: Describes the amount and persistence of the film coating the mouth and palate after swallowing or spitting. Evaluated on a bite of the decor.

Sweet (or sweet intensity): Intensity of the basic taste characterized by solutions of sucrose.

Overall flavor: Intensity of overall flavor remaining in mouth after swallowing.

Milky / Cream: Intensity of specific plain pasteurized milk flavor or cream flavor (not sour cream).

Vanillin: Intensity of specific vanillin flavor.

Flavor intensity: Intensity of the overall flavor (with inclusions if any).

Sweet length: Intensity of sweetness in mouth after swallowing.

Off-notes: Off-notes intensity.

Sticky: Evaluate the amount of ice cream which sticks to the spoon.

Vanilla bean: Intensity of the specific vanilla bean flavor.

Caramel: Intensity of the generic caramel flavor.

Aniseed: Intensity of the specific aniseed note.

Heat shock resistance, melting profile and shrinkage. Heat shock test:

Heat shock stresses were applied to samples over 7 days and each heat shock cycle lasted for 24 hours with temperature variations of between -20 °C to -8 °C.

Heat Shocked: submitted to heat shock stresses.

Fresh: kept frozen, without T° stress after production, also noted: TO

Drip test (or melting test):

Drip test measure the Melting behavior of ice cream samples placed on a mesh in a closed device at about 22°C (room temperature). Sample weight is measured overtime. Measure was performed on fresh and heat shocked samples.

Total melt %, shape retention and melting profile are used to evaluate ice cream stability. Shape retention is a qualitative measurement.

Limit of acceptance: Total melt after 3 hours at about 22°C is considered as significant if there is a difference with the reference higher than 15%. Shrinkage:

Shrinkage measures the specific weight of the fresh ice cream first and then of the sample after 4 to 6 cycles of heat shock treatment and evaluate the shrinkage index (loss of volume).

Limit of acceptance: no shrinkage is accepted.

Nutritional data

Nutritional component such as: Fat, protein, solids, sugars, Saturated Fatty Acids, lactose, added sugars, and carbohydrates, are expressed in g per lOOg of the ingredient or ice cream mix.

Regarding the ice cream mixes these nutritional component are calculated. All the ingredients containing said nutritional component are summed up, proportionally to their weight in the ice cream mix and to their content of said nutritional component.

By Solids is meant: Solid content of a raw material, all compounds except water.

By Sugars is meant: Mono and di saccharides.

By Total Lactose is meant: lactose coming from dairy product (for example skim milk, cream).

By Added Sugars is meant: mono and di saccharides minus the lactose coming from dairy products.

By Carbohydrate is meant: All saccharides and polysaccharides, thus including sugars, and lactose. This definition of carbohydrates does not include non digestible oligosaccharides, organic acids, alcohols and polyols.

By dietary fibers is meant: hydrocolloids, digestible polysaccharide. These dietary fibers may contain traces of non-digestible oligosaccharides.

By non-digestible fibers is meant: a composition containing at least 60% (in dry mass) of non digestible oligosaccharide, soluble or insoluble, that escapes digestion in the small intestine of healthy persons and do not raise blood glucose levels. These non- digestible oligosaccharides are obtained for example through chemical (acid hydrolysis) or enzymatic treatment of polysaccharides. Results

Recipes with 3 different types of fats have been tested: Coconut oil, Dairy fat, Coconut oil and Palm oil blend. For each type of fat 6 trials have been conducted. An additional seventh trial has been done for Coconut & Palm fat blend with cocoa powder.

For each Trial, a reference (standard level of sugar and fat) is described and several mixes according to the invention are disclosed. These mixes according to the invention are healthier than their respective reference, but have a similar sensory profile. Some non- working examples are also disclosed.

The references of trials 1, for each type of fat, have similar sensory profile. In other words, the sensory profiles of examples 1, 18 and 33 are similar.

Mutatis mutandis the same equivalence of sensory profiles of the references applies to the sets of trials 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6:

For trials 2, sensory profiles of examples 3, 20 and 33 are similar. For trials 3, sensory profiles of examples 7, 24 and 38 are similar. For trials 4, sensory profiles of examples 11, 27 and 41 are similar. For trials 5, sensory profiles of examples 13, 29 and 43 are similar. For trials 6, sensory profiles of examples 15, 31 and 45 are similar.

This feature is important because it allows sensory comparisons between samples made with different fats within the same sets of trials. In other words, according to the present invention, the sensory profiles of examples 2, 19 and 34 should be similar because they are both designed with respect to references which have similar sensory profiles (namely examples 1, 18 and 33).

In the following tables the amount of non-digestible fibers and the protein to emulsifier ratio are highlighted.

Glossary:

Ex. means Example

Ref. means Reference

Inv. means Invention

NWE means Non working example Materials are expressed in % of composition total weight, water is added to complete to 100%. Nutritional values are expressed in g per lOOg of composition, or Kcal per lOOg of composition.

1- Coconut fat

Table 1 : Coconut fat Trials 1 and 2, with nutritional values. Coconut Trial

COCONUT Coconut Trial 3 A 1

Ex. 7 Ex. 8 Ex. 9 Ex. 10 Ex. 11 Ex. 12

(Ref.) (Inv.) (Inv.) NWE) (Ref.) (Inv.)

Material name

Water (complete to 100%)

Sugar 13 4 4 2,5 3 7

Coconut Fat 9 4 4 4 6 4

Whey Sweet Powder 5 5 5 5 3 5,3

Glucose Syrup 37-40 DE 6 12 21 27 12 6

Milk Skimmed Powder 4,4 4,4 4,4 4,4 5,0 4,0

Glucose Syrup 95-98 DE 5 4 2 0 12 4

Emulsifier 0,24 0,21 0,21 0,21 0,25 0,20

Stabilizer 0,13 0,14 0,14 0,22 0,13 0,15

Non-digestible Fibers 0 10 4 0 0 8

Dextrose o 0 0 2,5 0 0

Density (ale.) 1,13 1,15 1,15 1,15 1,12 1,13

Fat (g) 9,3 4,3 4,3 4,3 6,3 4,3

Protein (g) 2,19 2,20 2,21 2,21 2,16 2,09

Protein / emulsifier 9,12 10,48 10,50 10,54 8,63 10,45

Solids (g) 39,9 39,4 39,4 39,7 35,5 35,6

Mono and di saccharides (g) 23,9 16,5 16,4 16,7 19,1 18,0

Saturated Fatty Acids (g) 8,0 3,6 3,6 3,6 5,4 3,6

Total Lactose (g) 6,0 6,0 6,0 6,0 4,8 6,0

Mono and di saccharides without

lactose (g) 17,9 10,5 10,4 10,7 14,3 11,9

Carbohydrates (g) 27,4 29,1 32,0 26,1 22,9

Energy (kcal) 202,7 162,0 169,6 176,0 170,4 149,8

Table 2: Coconut fat Trials 3 and 4, with nutritional values Coconut Trial

COCONUT 5 Coconut Trial 6

Ex. 13 Ex. 14 Ex. 15 Ex. 16 Ex. 17

(Ref.) (Inv.) (Ref.) (Inv.) (NWE)

Material name

Water (complete to 100%)

Sugar 13 3 8 5 5

Coconut Fat 7 4 12 6 6

Whey Sweet Powder 5 5,2 5 4,9 4,7

Glucose Syrup 37-40 DE 5 15 6 18 23,5

Milk Skimmed Powder 4 4 5 4,7 4,8

Dextrose Monohydrate 0 7 0 0 0

Glucose Syrup 95-98 DE 4 0 7 2 0

Emulsifier 0,25 0,20 0,25 0,22 0,22

Stabilizer 0,22 0,29 0,27 0,24 0,25

Non-digestible Fibers 0 1 0 3 0

Density (ale.) 1,12 1,14 1,11 1,14 1,14

Fat (g) 7,3 4,3 12,3 6,3 6,3

Protein (g) 2,05 2,09 2,41 2,30 2,32

Protein / emulsifier 8,20 10,44 9,63 10,46 10,52

Solids (g) 36,1 35,6 40,1 39,3 39,3

Mono and di saccharides (g) 22,8 18,7 20,7 16,8 16,2

Saturated Fatty Acids (g) 6,2 3,6 10,5 5,4 5,4

Total Lactose (g) 5,8 5,9 6,3 6,1 6,0

Mono and di saccharides without lactose

(g) 17,0 12,7 14,4 10,7 10,2

Carbohydrates (g) 25,7 27,3 24,2 27,5 29,4

Energy (kcal) 177,5 158,3 218,2 180,7 184,4

Table 3: Coconut fat Trials 5 and 6, with nutritional values 2- Dairy fat

Table 4: Dairy fat Trials 1 and 2, with nutritional values DAIRY Dairy Trial 3 Dairy Trial 4

Ex. 24 Ex. 25 Ex. 26 Ex. 27 Ex. 28

(Ref.) (Inv.) (Inv.) (Ref.) (Inv.)

Material name

Water (complete to 100%)

Sugar 16 8 6 5 7

Glucose Syrup 37-40 DE 4 10 19 10 3

Glucose Syrup 92-97 DE 0 0 0 8 5

Cream 36% Fat 33 16 16 23 16

Milk Skimmed Powder 3 3,5 3,5 4 3,1

Whey Sweet Powder 5 5 4,9 4 5,3

Stabilizer 0,21 0,24 0,24 0,22 0,29

Emulsifier 0,24 0,21 0,21 0,25 0,20

Non-digestible Fibers 0 10 4 0 8

Density (ale.) 1,11 1,14 1,14 1,11 1,12

Fat (g) 12,2 6,1 6,1 8,6 6,0

Protein (g) 2,36 2,20 2,20 2,39 2,09

Protein / emulsifier 9,81 10,50 10,47 9,56 10,47

Solids (g) 40,9 40,6 40,0 36,5 35,8

Mono and di saccharides (g) 23,0 17,1 16,4 18,6 18,0

Saturated Fatty Acids (g) 6,7 3,3 3,3 4,8 3,3

Total Lactose (g) 6,1 6,0 5,9 5,7 6,0

Mono and di saccharides without lactose

(g) 16,9 11,1 10,6 13,0 12,0

Carbohydrates (g) 25 5 3 24,6 27,9 24,4 21,3

Energy (kcal) 220,8 175,6 180,8 185,2 159,1

Table 5: Dairy fat Trials 3 and 4, with nutritional values

Table 6 : Dairy fat Trials 5 and 6, with nutritional values

3- Coconut & Palm fats blend

Table 7: Coconut & Palm fats blend Trials 1 and 2, with nutritional values Coconut & Palm Trial Coconut &

COCO-PALM 3 Palm Trial 4

Ex. 38 Ex. 39 Ex. 40 Ex. 41 Ex. 42

(Ref.) (Inv.) (Inv.) (Ref.) (Inv.)

Material name

Water (complete to 100%)

Sugar 13 5 3 4 7

Glucose Syrup 37-40 DE 5 11 21 12 5

Glucose Syrup 92-97 DE 5 4 3 11 4

Oil Blend Palm 60% Coconut 40% Refined 10 5 5 7 5

Milk Skimmed Powder 4 4,4 4,4 5 4

Whey Sweet Powder 5 5 5 3 5,4

Stabilizer 0,07 0,09 0,09 0,08 0,12

Emulsifier 0,24 0,21 0,21 0,25 0,20

Non-digestible Fibers 0 10 4 0 8

Density (ale.) 1,12 1,15 1,15 1,12 1,13

Fat (g) 10,3 5,3 5,3 7,3 5,3

Protein (g) 2,04 2,20 2,20 2,16 2,10

Protein / emulsifier 8,51 10,46 10,49 8,62 10,50

Solids (g) 39,6 40,5 40,1 36,7 35,9

Mono and di saccharides (g) 23,5 17,2 16,2 19,4 17,8

Saturated Fatty Acids (g) 6,6 3,4 3,4 4,7 3,4

Total Lactose (g) 5,8 6,0 6,0 4,8 6,1

Mono and di saccharides without lactose

(g) 17,7 11,2 10,2 14,6 11,7

Carbohydrates (g) 26,4 25,4 28,8 26,4 22,2

Energy (kcal) 207,0 171,7 177,4 180,2 155,9

Table 8: Coconut & Palm fats blend Trials 3 and 4, with nutritional values

Table 9: Coconut & Palm fats blend Trials 5 and 6, with nutritional values

nergy ca ,

Table 10: Coconut & Palm fats blend Trial 7, chocolate recipe, with nutritional values Results:

For the sake of clarity results description will be focused on sets of trials number 1 and 2 for each type of fat. Similar results were obtained with other trial sets (3 to 7) and will not be further commented here.

Trial 1 (Examples 2, 18, 19, 34) Example 19 (invention) versus example 18 (reference):

Sensory profile of Example 19 versus Example 18 is disclosed in figure 1.

Overall profiles are similar. 3 significant differences are observed: Hard, Compact and

Sweet intensity. No difference over 10 points was observed.

No sensory measure was outside the acceptance limit, the 2 samples (examples 18 and 19) have similar sensory profiles.

Total melt did not show any significant difference (see figure 2).

Shape retention did not show any significant difference (see figure 3).

No shrinkage was observed.

The 2 samples corresponding to examples 18 and 19 have similar stabilities.

Example 2 (invention) versus example 19 (invention) versus example 34 (invention): Sensory profile of Example 2, 19 and 34 are disclosed in figure 4.

Overall profiles are similar. 2 significant differences are observed: Smoothness and Melting rate. No difference over 10 points was observed.

No sensory measure was outside the acceptance limit, the 3 samples corresponding to examples 2, 19 and 34 have similar sensory profiles.

Example 34 show a total melt slightly above the one observed for examples 2 and 19; however it is not a significant difference (see figure 5).

Shape retention did not show any significant difference (See figure 6).

No shrinkage was observed.

The 3 samples corresponding to examples 2, 19 and 34 have similar stabilities. Trial 2 (Examples 5, 6, 20, 22, 23, 37)

Example 22 (invention) versus example 20 (reference):

Sensory profile of Example 22 versus Example 20 (Reference) is disclosed in figure7. Overall profiles are similar. 2 significant differences are observed: Compact and Chewy. No difference over 10 points was observed.

The 2 samples corresponding to examples 22 and 20 have similar sensory profiles. Total melt did not show any significant difference (see figure 8).

Shape retention did not show any significant difference (See figure 9).

No shrinkage was observed.

The 2 samples corresponding to examples 22 and 20 have similar stabilities. Example 5 (invention) versus example 22 (invention) versus example 37 (invention): Sensory profile of Example 5, 22 and 37 are disclosed in figure 10.

Overall profiles are similar. 1 significant difference is observed: Hard. No difference over 10 points was observed.

The 3 samples corresponding to examples 5, 22 and 37 have similar sensory profiles.

Total melt did not show any significant difference (see figure 11).

Shape retention did not show any significant difference (See figure 12).

No shrinkage was observed.

The 3 samples corresponding to examples 5, 22 and 37 have similar stabilities.

Example 6 (non- working example):

This example does not contain non-digestible fibers.

Sensory profile of Examples 6 versus Example 3 (Reference) is disclosed in figure 13. Five attributes are significantly different to reference, and two attributes have a difference over 10 points; this is outside the acceptance limit: Hard (more than 10 point difference), Elastic, Compact, Smooth, Chewy (more than 10 point difference).

Sensory profile is not similar to the reference; so example 6 is not in the scope of the present invention. Moreover, shrinkage of the sample produced was observed.

Example 23 (non-working example):

This example does not contain non-digestible fibers.

Sensory profile of Examples 23 versus Example 20 (Reference) is disclosed in figure 14.

Six attributes are significantly different to reference, and two attributes have a difference over 10 points; this is outside the acceptance limit: Hard (more than 10 point difference), Cold, Compact (more than 10 point difference), Melting rate, Smooth, Chewy.

Sensory profile is not similar to the reference; so example 6 is not in the scope of the present invention.

No shrinkage was observed.

Further details on the shown figures:

Figure 1; trial 1; sensory evaluation, example 18 (diamond) and example 19 (square) are plotted. Significant differences are pointed with an arrow.

Figure 2; trial 1; total melt after 3 hours at room temperature, in % (vertical axis); example 18 (left) and 19 (right) are plotted at TO (hashed) and after heat shock (plain). Figure 3; trial 1; shape retention after 1 hour at room temperature; pictures of example 18 (left) and 19 (right) are displayed; both samples have been heat shocked.

Figure 4; trial 1; sensory evaluation; examples 2 (diamond), 19 (square) and 34 (triangle) are plotted. Significant differences are pointed with an arrow.

Figure 5; trial 1; total melt after 3 hours at room temperature, in % (vertical axis); example 19 (left) , example 2 (middle) and 34 (right), are plotted at TO (hashed) and after heat shock (plain). Figure 6; trial 1; shape retention after 30 minutes at room temperature; pictures of example 19 (left column), example 2 (middle column) and example 34 (right column) are displayed; at TO (upper row) and after heat shock (lower row).

Figure 7; trial 2; sensory evaluation; example 20 (diamond) and example 22 (circle) are plotted. Significant differences are pointed with an arrow.

Figure 8; trial 2; total melt after 3 hours at room temperature, in % (vertical axis); example 20 (left) and example 22 (right) are plotted at TO (hashed) and after heat shock (plain).

Figure 9; trial 2; shape retention after 30 minutes at room temperature; pictures of example 20 (upper row) and example 22 (lower row) are displayed, at TO (left column) and after heat shock (right column). Figure 10; trial 2; sensory evaluation; example 5 (circle), example 22 (cross) and example 37 (triangle) are plotted. Significant difference is pointed with an arrow.

Figure 11; trial 2; total melt after 3 hours at room temperature, in % (vertical axis), example 22 (left) , example 5 (middle) and example 37 (right) are plotted at TO (hashed) and after heat shock (plain).

Figure 12; trial 2; shape retention after 30 minutes at room temperature; pictures of example 22 (left column), example 5 (middle column) and example 37 (right column) are displayed at TO (upper row) and after heat shock (lower row).

Figure 13; trial 2; sensory evaluation; example 3 (triangle) and example 6 (square) are plotted. Significant differences are pointed with an arrow.

Figure 14; trial 2; sensory evaluation; example 20 (diamond) and example 23 (square) are plotted. Significant differences are pointed with an arrow.

It should be understood that various changes and modifications to the presently preferred embodiments described herein will be apparent to those skilled in the art. Such changes and modifications can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present subject matter and without diminishing its intended advantages. It is therefore intended that such changes and modifications be covered by the appended claims.