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Title:
HEAT-SHRINKABLE TUBE COVERING
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/028307
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A sleeve is provided for covering a pipe joint formed between two pipes that are coupled to one another to form a tube. The sleeve comprises a heat-shrinkable material that is configured to conform to the first and second pipes when heated to cover the pipe joint.

Inventors:
NAVARRO, Marcia E. (Privada Brindisi #6208-4, Santa Fe III SeccionTijuana BC, CP, CP22117, MX)
Application Number:
US2018/045089
Publication Date:
February 07, 2019
Filing Date:
August 03, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
BERRY GLOBAL, INC. (101 Oakley Street, Evansville, Indiana, 47710, US)
International Classes:
B32B7/10; B32B7/12; B32B27/34; B32B27/38; C08G69/34; C08L77/00; C09J7/38; C09J177/08; F16L47/22
Foreign References:
US20130168958A12013-07-04
US20120077027A12012-03-29
US4914162A1990-04-03
US20030021989A12003-01-30
Other References:
"Hot-Melt Adhesive", WIKIPEDIA, 28 August 2018 (2018-08-28), pages 4, XP055570987
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
JARMAN, Brian K. (Barnes & Thornburg LLP, 11 South Meridian StreetIndianapolis, Indiana, 46204, US)
Download PDF:
Claims:
WHAT IS CLAIMED IS:

1. A conduit comprising

a sleeve formed to include a tube-receiving passageway, a first-end aperture opening into the tube-receiving passageway at a first end of the sleeve, and a second-end aperture opening into the tube-receiving passageway at an opposite second end of the sleeve, wherein the sleeve includes an interior adhesive layer formed to define the tube- receiving passageway and an exterior heat-activated heat-shrink layer arranged to surround and mate with the interior adhesive layer without closing the first-end and second-end apertures, and

wherein the interior adhesive layer includes a first adhesive strip comprising a first adhesive material comprising a polyamide and configured to define the first-end aperture, a second adhesive strip comprising the first adhesive material and configured to define the second-end aperture, and an adhesive band comprising a second adhesive material and arranged to extend between and interconnect the first and second adhesive strips.

2. The conduit of claim 1, further comprising a tube arranged to extend through the tube-receiving passageway formed in the sleeve, the tube including a first fluid- transport unit comprising a first pipe and a first exterior pipe coating coupled to an exterior surface of the first pipe and arranged to lie in spaced-apart relation to a downstream end of the first pipe to form a first exposed portion of the first pipe therebetween and a second fluid- transport unit comprising a second pipe and a second exterior pipe coating coupled to an exterior surface of the second pipe and arranged to lie in spaced-apart relation to an upstream end of the second pipe to form a second exposed portion of the second pipe therebetween, the downstream end of the first exposed portion of the first pipe is mated to the upstream end of the second exposed portion of the second pipe to establish a pipe joint therebetween and to define an exterior uncoated section of the tube located between the first and second exterior pipe coatings, and

wherein the first adhesive strip of the interior adhesive layer of the sleeve directly contacts and engages the first exterior pipe coating.

3. The conduit of claim 2, wherein the first and second exposed portions are coated with an epoxy.

4. The conduit of claim 2, wherein the first adhesive material is not tacky at room temperature.

5. The conduit of claim 4, wherein the first adhesive material is activated at a first temperature that is between about 50 °C and 95 °C.

6. The conduit of claim 4, wherein the first adhesive material is a hot-melt adhesive.

7. The conduit of claim 4, wherein the polyamide of the first adhesive comprises an acid-terminated polyamide.

8. The conduit of claim 1, wherein the first adhesive further comprises an acrylate copolymer.

9. The conduit of claim 8, wherein the acrylate terpolymer comprises an acrylic acid, ethylene, and methyl/butyl acrylate.

10. The conduit of claim 8, further comprising an elastomer.

11. The conduit of claim 10, wherein the elastomer comprises a polyacrylate elastomer.

12. The conduit of claim 11, further comprising an antioxidant, a process stabilizer, a filler, a tackifier, or a combination thereof.

Description:
HEAT-SHRINKABLE TUBE COVERING

PRIORITY CLAIM

[0001] This application claims priority under 35 U.S.C. § 119(e) to U.S. Provisional

Application Serial No. 62/540,675, filed August 3, 2017, which is expressly incorporated by reference herein.

BACKGROUND

[0002] The present disclosure relates to a covering for a tube, in particular a shrinkable covering. More particularly, the present disclosure relates to a heat-shrinkable tube covering.

SUMMARY

[0003] A conduit in accordance with the present disclosure includes a sleeve formed to include a tube -receiving passageway. In illustrative embodiments, the conduit further includes a tube arranged to extend through the tube -receiving passageway to cause a pipe joint formed at a junction between first and second pipes included in the tube to be surrounded by the sleeve.

[0004] In illustrative embodiments, the sleeve includes an exterior, heat-activated, heat- shrink layer and an interior adhesive layer coupled to the exterior, heat-activated, heat-shrink layer and to an exterior surface of the tube. The interior adhesive layer comprises tubular first and second adhesive strips made of a first adhesive and a tubular adhesive band made of a second adhesive and positioned to lie between the tubular first and second adhesive strips. The tubular adhesive band straddles and covers the pipe joint provided between the first and second pipes.

[0005] In illustrative embodiments, the first adhesive included in the first and second adhesive strips is configured to bond to an exterior pipe coating such as polyolefin applied to the first pipe included in the tube and to the second pipe included in the tube. The second adhesive included in the adhesive band is configured to bond to an exposed exterior surface of each of the first and second pipes such as an epoxy primed steel surface. Each adhesive in accordance with the present disclosure is configured to resist disbondment during exposure to high heat.

[0006] In illustrative embodiments, the sleeve includes a wraparound sheet and a sheet- retention patch. The wraparound sheet is a multi-layer sheet including the interior adhesive layer and the exterior, heat- activated, heat- shrink layer. The sheet is wrapped around the tube to cause the interior adhesive layer to mate with the tube and to produce an overlapping seam. The sheet-retention patch is coupled to the sheet to cover the seam and retain the sheet in place on the tube to cover the pipe joint.

[0007] Additional features of the present disclosure will become apparent to those skilled in the art upon consideration of illustrative embodiments exemplifying the best mode of carrying out the disclosure as presently perceived.

BRIEF DESCRIPTIONS OF THE DRAWINGS

[0008] The detailed description particularly refers to the accompanying figures in which:

[0009] Figs. 1-3 provide a series of views showing formation of a pipe joint between two pipes included in a tube before application of a sleeve to the pipes to cover and protect the pipe joint as suggested in Figs. 10-11;

[0010] Fig. 1 is a perspective view showing an initial stage of forming the tube in which a first fluid-transport unit including a first pipe and a first exterior pipe coating on a portion of the first pipe is aligned with a second fluid-transport unit including a second pipe and a second exterior pipe coating on a portion of the second pipe and showing a wraparound sheet and a sheet-retention patch that later will be mated to provide a sleeve and mounted on the tube to form conduit as shown, for example, in Fig. 6;

[0011] Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. 1 suggesting that the two pipes are brought together so that the ends of each pipe are arranged to abut one another to form a pipe joint shown in Fig. 3;

[0012] Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 showing the formation of the tube by welding the two ends of the pipes together at the pipe joint to establish the tube;

[0013] Figs. 4-6 provide a series of views showing formation on the tube of a sleeve comprising a wraparound sheet and a sheet-retention patch to establish a conduit;

[0014] Fig. 4 is a view showing the one straight end edge of the wraparound sheet included in the sleeve being arranged to overlap another straight end edge of the wraparound sheet to wrap that sheet around the tube and the pipe joint to cause an overlapping seam to be established and suggesting that the sheet-retention patch is arranged to cover the overlapping seam and mate with the wraparound sheet to retain the wraparound sheet on the tube;

[0015] Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 showing the sheet-retention patch coupled to the wraparound sheet to cover the overlapping seam and to form the sleeve and showing use of a torch to apply heat to all exposed exterior surfaces of the wraparound sleeve to cause an exterior, heat-activated, heat-shrink layer included in the wraparound sheet of the sleeve to shrink to assume a shape shown, for example, in Fig. 6;

[0016] Fig. 6 is a view similar to Fig. 5 after heat has been applied to the exterior, heat- activated, heat-shrink layer of the sleeve to cause the sleeve to be established around the pipe joint interconnecting the pipes included in the first and second fluid-transport units of the tube;

[0017] Fig. 7A is an enlarged perspective view of the wraparound sheet of the sleeve of

Fig. 1 before it is wrapped around the tube and showing that the wraparound sleeve includes, an exterior, heat-activated, heat-shrink layer (on the left) and an interior adhesive layer (on the right) and showing that the interior adhesive layer comprises, in series, from top to bottom, a narrow first adhesive strip made of a first adhesive, a wide adhesive band made of a second adhesive, and a narrow second adhesive strip made of the first adhesive;

[0018] Fig. 7B is a diagrammatic perspective view showing portions of the interior adhesive layer peeled back to reveal the underlying exterior, heat-activated, heat-shrink layer of the wraparound sheet;

[0019] Fig. 8 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line 8-8 of Fig. 1, with portions broken away, showing that the sleeve includes (on the top) an exterior, heat- activated, heat- shrink layer, and (on the bottom and from left to right) a first adhesive strip made from the first adhesive, an adhesive band made from the second adhesive, and a second adhesive strip made from the first adhesive;

[0020] Fig. 9 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line 9-9 of Fig. 4 showing the sleeve coupled to the tube prior to application of heat and showing that (1) the first adhesive strip made of the first adhesive is arranged to engage the first exterior pipe coating of the first fluid-transport unit, (2) the second adhesive strip also made of the first adhesive is arranged to engage the second exterior pipe coating of the second fluid-transport unit, and (3) the adhesive band made of the second adhesive is arranged to lie over and cover the pipe joint provided at the junction between the first pipe included in the first fluid-transport unit and the second pipe included in the second fluid -transport unit;

[0021] Fig. 10 is an enlarged sectional view taken along line 10-10 of Fig. 6 showing the final shape of the sleeve coupled to the tube after application of heat has caused the exterior, heat-activated, heat-shrink layer of the sleeve to shrink causing the adhesive band included in the interior adhesive layer to mate with exposed portions of the first and second pipes and the pipe joint so that the pipe joint is protected; and [0022] Fig. 11 is a diagrammatic view of a portion of the sleeve coupled to the tube to form a conduit in accordance with the present disclosure and showing that the exterior, heat- activated, heat-shrink layer of the sleeve is coupled to the first adhesive included first adhesive strip, the second adhesive included in the adhesive band, and the first adhesive included in the second adhesive strip, and showing that the first adhesive strip made of the first adhesive is coupled to the first exterior pipe coating of the first fluid-transport unit, the second adhesive strip also made of the first adhesive is coupled to the second exterior pipe coating of the second fluid-transport unit, and the adhesive band made of the second adhesive is coupled to exposed portions of the first and second pipes and to the pipe joint.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0023] A sleeve 100 has an exterior, heat- activated, heat-shrink layer 101 surrounding an interior adhesive layer 102 as shown illustratively in Figs. 1, 6, and 10 and diagrammatically in Fig. 11. Sleeve 100 includes a wraparound sheet 19 and a sheet-retaining patch 20 in an illustrative embodiment as suggested in Figs. 1 and 11. Wraparound sheet 19 includes exterior, heat-activated, heat-shrink layer 101 and interior adhesive layer 102 as suggested in Figs. 1 and 7. Sleeve 100 is formed on a tube 10 to cover a pipe joint 15 in tube 10 and then shrunk owing to exposure to external heat 82 to form a conduit 200 as suggested in Figs. 4-6.

[0024] Sleeve 100 has a tubular shape and covers a pipe joint 15 formed at the abutting ends of a first pipe 11 and a second pipe 12 as suggested in Figs. 6, 10, and 11. Pipes 11, 12 cooperate to form a portion of a tube 10 extending through a tube-receiving passageway 10P defined by interior adhesive layer 102 of wraparound sheet 19 of sleeve 100 as suggested in Figs. 10 and 11. Interior adhesive layer 102 includes a first adhesive Al configured to adhere to exterior pipe coatings 13, 14 applied to first and second pipes 11, 12 included in tube 10 and a second adhesive A2 configured to adhere to an exterior uncoated section 100 of tube 10 including pipe joint 15 as suggested in Figs. 10 and 11.

[0025] A conduit 200 in accordance with the present disclosure includes a tube 10 and a sleeve 100 coupled to tube 10 as suggested illustratively in Figs. 6 and 10 and diagrammatically in Fig. 11. Sleeve 100 is formed on tube 10 in a manner shown, for example, in Figs. 1-6.

[0026] Tube 10 includes a first fluid-transportation unit 111 comprising a first pipe 11 and a first exterior pipe coating 13, a second fluid-transportation unit 112 comprising a second pipe 12 and a second exterior pipe coating 14, and a pipe joint 15 interconnecting units 111, 112 as suggested in Figs. 6, 10, and 11. Tube 10 is formed to include a fluid-conducting channel IOC extending there through as suggested in Figs. 6 and 10.

[0027] Sleeve 100 is formed to include a tube-receiving passageway 10P, a first-end aperture 10P1 opening into tube-receiving passageway 10P at a first (left) end of sleeve 100, and a second-end aperture opening 10P2 into tube-receiving passageway 10P at an opposite second (right) end of sleeve 100 as suggested in Figs. 1 and 8. Sleeve 100 includes an interior adhesive layer 102 formed to define tube-receiving passageway 10P and an exterior heat- activated heat- shrink layer 101 arranged to surround and mate with interior adhesive layer 102 without closing the first-end and second-end apertures 10P1, 10P2.

[0028] Interior adhesive layer 102 includes, in series, a first narrow adhesive strip

102S1 made of first adhesive material Al and configured to define first-end aperture 10P1, a narrow second adhesive strip 102S2 made of first adhesive material Al and configured to define second-end aperture 10P2, and a relatively wider adhesive band 102B made of second adhesive material A2 as suggested in Figs. 7A, 7B, 8-10, and 11. Adhesive band 102B is arranged to lie between the first and second adhesive strips 102S1, 102S2 as suggested in Figs. 7A, 7B, 10, and 11.

[0029] Adhesive band 102B is arranged to interconnect first and second adhesive strips

102S1, 102S2 in illustrative embodiments of the present disclosure. First adhesive strip 102S1 has a tubular shape and is characterized generally by a first inner diameter Dl as suggested in Fig. 10. Second adhesive strip 102S2 has a tubular shape and is characterized by the first inner diameter Dl. Adhesive band 102B includes a tubular middle portion 102BM characterized by a second inner diameter D2 that is less than the first inner diameter Dl associated with each of the first and second adhesive strips 102S1, 102S2 as suggested in Figs. 6 and 10.

[0030] Adhesive band 102B further includes first funnel 102BF1 and second funnel

102BF2 as suggested in Figs. 6 and 10. First funnel 102BF1 is arranged to interconnect first adhesive strip 102S1 and the tubular middle portion 102BM of adhesive band 102B. Second funnel 102BF2 is arranged to interconnect second adhesive strip 102S2 and tubular middle portion 102BM of the adhesive band 102B. Each of first and second funnels 102BF1, 102BF2 are bell-shaped as shown, for example, in Fig. 10.

[0031] As suggested in Figs. 6 and 10, exterior, heat-activated, heat-shrink layer 101 includes, in series, a first annular collar 101C1 coupled to first adhesive strip 102S1, a first transition ring 101R1 coupled to the first annular collar 101C1 and to first funnel 102BF1 of adhesive band 102B, a second annular collar 101C2 coupled to first transition ring 101R1 and to tubular middle portion 102BM of adhesive band 102B, a second transition ring 101R2 coupled to second annular collar 101C2 and to second funnel 102BF2 of adhesive band 102B, and a third annular collar 101C3 coupled to the transition ring 102R2 and to second adhesive strip 102S2. Second annular collar 101C2 is characterized by an outer diameter that is less than an outer diameter of each of the first and third annular collars 101C1, 101 C3 as suggested in Figs. 6 and 10. Each of the first, second, and third annular collars 101C1, 101C2, 101C3 is tube-shaped. Each of first and second transition rings 101R1, 101R2 is funnel-shaped as suggested in Figs. 6 and 10.

[0032] Tube 10 is arranged to extend through tube-receiving passageway 10P formed in sleeve 100 as suggested in Figs. 6 and 10. Tube 10 includes first and second fluid-transport units 111, 112.

[0033] First fluid-transport unit 111 comprises a first pipe 11 and a first exterior pipe coating 13 coupled to an exterior surface of first pipe 11 as suggested in Figs. 1, 10, and 11. First exterior pipe coating 13 is arranged to lie in spaced-apart relation to a downstream end 1 IE of first pipe 11 to form a first exposed portion 11EP of first pipe 11 therebetween as suggested in Figs. 1 and 9.

[0034] Second fluid-transport unit 112 comprises a second pipe 12 and a second exterior pipe 14 coating coupled to an exterior surface of second pipe 12 as suggested in Figs. 1, 10, and 11. Second exterior pipe coating 14 is arranged to lie in spaced-apart relation to an upstream end 12E of second pipe 12 to form a second exposed portion 12EP of second pipe 12 therebetween as suggested in Figs. 1 and 9.

[0035] Downstream end 1 IE of first exposed portion 11EP of the first pipe 11 is mated to upstream end 12E of second exposed portion 12EP of second pipe 12 to establish a pipe joint 15 therebetween. Exposed portions HEP, 12EP, and pipe joint 15 cooperate to define an exterior uncoated section 10U of tube 10 located between first and second exterior pipe coatings 13, 14 as suggested in Figs. 9 and 10.

[0036] First adhesive strip 102S1 of interior adhesive layer 102 of sleeve 100 is coupled to first exterior pipe coating 13 as suggested in Figs. 9-11. Adhesive band 102B of the interior adhesive layer 102 is coupled to first and second exposed portions 11EP, 12EP to cover pipe joint 15. Second adhesive strip 102S2 of interior adhesive layer 102 of sleeve 100 is coupled to second exterior pipe coating 14.

[0037] Adhesive band 102B includes a tubular middle portion 102BM coupled to the exterior uncoated section 10U of tube 10 to cover pipe joint 15, a first funnel 102BF1 arranged to interconnect first adhesive strip 102S1 and tubular middle portion 102BM, and a second funnel 102BF2 arranged to interconnect tubular middle portion 102BM and second adhesive strip 102S2 as suggested in Fig. 10.

[0038] First exterior pipe coating 13 is chamfered in an illustrative embodiment to provide a negatively sloping beveled frustoconical surface so as to include an upstream end face 13F that is arranged to face toward second exterior pipe coating 14 as suggested in Fig. 10. Second exterior pipe coating 14 is chamfered in an illustrative embodiment to provide a positively sloping beveled frustoconical surface so as to include a downstream end face 14F that is arranged to face toward upstream end face 13F of first exterior pipe coating 13 as also suggested in Fig. 10. Tubular middle portion 102BM of adhesive band 102B is arranged to lie between and in spaced-apart relation to each of the downstream and upstream end faces 13F, 14F.

[0039] Adhesive band 102B is arranged to interconnect first and second adhesive strips

102S1, 102S2 as suggested in Figs. 7A, 7B, and 10. First adhesive strip 102S1 of interior adhesive layer 102 of sleeve 100 is arranged to lie in spaced-apart relation to the exterior uncoated section 10U of tube 10 as suggested in Fig. 10. Adhesive band 102B includes a tubular middle portion 102BM that is coupled to first and second exposed portions 11EP, 12EP to cover pipe joint 15 and a first funnel 102BF1 arranged to interconnect first adhesive strip 102S1 and tubular middle portion 102BM.

[0040] As shown in Fig. 7, a sleeve 100 in accordance with the present disclosure includes heat-shrink layer 101 and an adhesive layer 102 coupled to heat-shrink layer 101. Sleeve 100 is used to protect an area where two pipes 11, 12 are joined together as suggested in Figs. 1-6. Heat-shrink layer 101 of sleeve 100 has heat- shrinking properties that allow sleeve 100 to shrink and conform to the shape of the underlying structure as shown in Fig. 6 when external heat 82 is applied as shown in Fig. 5.

[0041] Adhesive layer 102 includes, in series, a first adhesive strip 102S1, a second adhesive strip 102S2, and an adhesive band 102B as shown in Figs. 7A and 7B. As suggested in Figs. 9-11, first and second adhesive strips 102S1, 102S2 are configured to mate with exterior pipe coatings 13, 14 applied to pipes 11, 12. Adhesive band 102B is configured to mate with an area including pipe joint 15 provided on pipes 11, 12. First and second adhesive strips 102S1, 102S2 comprise a first adhesive Al that interconnects heat-shrink layer 101 and exterior pipe coatings 13, 14. Adhesive band 102B comprises a second adhesive A2 that interconnects heat-shrink layer 101 and a portion of exterior uncoated section 10U of tube 10 at the junction of pipes 11, 12.

[0042] A sleeve 100 in accordance with the present disclosure covers portions of a tube

10 comprising first fluid-transport unit 111 and a second fluid-transport unit 112. First fluid- transport unit 111 includes a first pipe 11 and a first exterior pipe coating 14 as suggested, for example, in Figs. 1-6. Second fluid-transport unit 112 includes a second pipe 12 and a second exterior pipe coating 13. At the ends of first fluid-transport unit 111, first pipe 11 extends beyond first exterior pipe coating 14 leaving a first exposed portion HEP shown, for example, in Fig. 2. Similarly, second fluid-transport unit 112 extends beyond second exterior pipe coating 13 leaving a second exposed portion 12EP shown, for example, in Fig. 2. In some examples, first and second exterior pipe coatings 13, 14 comprise polyethylene.

[0043] Sleeve 100 is used to cover the exposed portions HEP, 12EP in a series of illustrative steps shown in Figs. 1-6. First, fluid-transport units 111, 112 are aligned in spaced- apart relation to one another as suggested in Fig. 1. Second, fluid-transport units 111, 112 are brought together, as suggested in Fig. 2. Third, a welder 90 welds pipes 11, 12 to establish a pipe joint 15 as shown in Fig. 3. Fourth, sheet 19 of sleeve 100 is wrapped around pipes 11, 12 and pipe joint 15 to establish an overlapping seam 18 (shown in phantom in Fig. 5) after heat has dissipated from pipe joint 15. Fifth, a sheet-retention patch 20 is coupled to wraparound sheet 19 of sleeve 100 to cover seam 18 so that sleeve 10 is retained in place during application of heat 82 to sleeve 100. Finally, heat 82 is applied to sleeve 100 placed over pipe joint 15 illustratively by a gas torch 80 as shown in Fig. 5 to cover pipe joint 15 as shown in Fig. 6.

[0044] As shown in Fig. 3, pipe joint 15 is used to interconnect the ends of pipes 11, 12 by welding. Illustratively, first fluid-transport unit 111 may be connected to second pipe fluid- transport 112 using a TIG welder 90, as shown in Fig. 3. It is within the scope of this disclosure to use any suitable welding or coupling technique. After joining first and second fluid-transport units 111, 112, sleeve 100 can be arranged over first fluid-transport unit 111 and second fluid-transport units 112 so as to cover pipe joint 15, first exposed portion HEP, and second exposed portion 12EP, as suggested in Fig. 4.

[0045] As shown in Fig. 5, sleeve 100 is heated using gas torch 80 or other suitable heater to at least a predetermined temperature to cause heat-shrink layer 101 to shrink and conform to exposed portions HEP, 12EP of first and second fluid-transport units 111, 112. Using an illustrative technique suggested in Fig. 5, gas torch 80 is moved around the circumference of sleeve 100 in direction 81 using a side-to-side motion to apply heat 82 to all exposed exterior surfaces of sleeve 100.

[0046] Sleeve 100 includes heat-shrink layer 101 and adhesive layer 102 as suggested in

Figs. 7A and 7B. Adhesive layer 102 includes first adhesive strip 102S1, second adhesive strip 102S2, and adhesive band 102B. As shown in Figs. 7-11, adhesive band 102B is positioned to lie between and interconnect first and second adhesive strips 102S1, 102S2. As an illustrative example, first and second adhesive strips 102S1, 102S2 are made from a first adhesive Al while adhesive band 102B is made from a second adhesive A2 that is different from the first adhesive A2.

[0047] As suggested in Figs. 8-11, first and second adhesive strips 102S1, 102S2 are configured to couple to associated exterior pipe coatings 13, 14. First and second adhesive strips 102S1, 102S2 comprise first adhesive Al which is configured to couple to exterior pipe coatings 13, 14. As an example, first adhesive Al comprises a non-PSA (Pressure Sensitive Adhesive), hot-melt adhesive. In a further example, the non-PSA, hot-melt adhesive comprises a polyamide and a polyamide blend that is responsive at a first temperature. Illustratively, first and second adhesive strips 102S1 and 102S2 are in direct contact and lie adjacent to exterior pipe coatings 13, 14. In some examples, exterior pipe coatings 13, 14 are not primed with an epoxy.

[0048] In some embodiments, first adhesive Al is not a pressure-sensitive adhesive. In some embodiments, first adhesive Al is not tacky at room temperature but becomes tacky at an elevated temperature. As an example, outer surface exterior pipe coating 13, 14 is brought to the first temperature by exposure to heat 82 provided by use of torch 80. The first temperature is relatively lower than a melt temperature of exterior pipe coatings 13, 14. In some embodiments, the first temperature is less than about 100 °C, about 95 °C, about 90 °C, about 85 °C, or about 80 °C. In some embodiments, first temperature is equal or greater than about 50 °C, about 60 °C, about 65 °C, about 70 °C, or about 75 °C. As a result, exterior pipe coatings 13, 14 are preserved during installation of sleeve 10 on pipes 11, 12.

[0049] First adhesive Al comprises a formulation. In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Al comprises a polyamide. In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Alcomprises a polyamide and an acrylate copolymer. In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Al comprises a polyamide, an acrylate copolymer, and an elastomer. In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Al may further comprise an antioxidant, a stabilizer, a filler, a tackifier, or a mixture thereof. [0050] In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive A 1 comprises a formulation comprising a polyamide. In some examples, the polyamide is an acid terminated polyamide. In some embodiments, the polyamide is an amine terminated polyamide. In some embodiments, the polyamide is an acid terminated polyamide and also an amine terminated polyamide. The polyamide may be one of several different percentages by weight of the formulation for first adhesive Al or fall within one of several different ranges. The percentage by weight of the polyamide in the formulation may be about 25%, about 30%, about 35%, about 40%, about 45%, about 50%, about 55%, about 60%, about 65%, about 70%, about 75%, about 80%, about 85%, about 90%, about 95%, or about 100%. The percentage by weight of the polyamide in the formulation for first adhesive Al may fall within one of many different ranges. In a set of ranges, the percentage by weight of the polyamide in the formulation for first adhesive Al is one of the following ranges: about 30% to about 100%, about 30% to about 95%, about 30% to about 90%, about 30% to about 80%, about 35% to about 80%, about 40% to about 80%, about 45% to about 80%, or about 45% to about 75%.

[0051] In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Alcomprises an acrylate terpolymer. In some examples, the acrylate terpolymer comprises an ethylene/acrylic acid /butyl acrylate terpolymer. In some examples, the acrylate terpolymer comprises an ethylene/ acrylic acid/ methyl acrylate terpolymer.

[0052] The acrylate terpolymer may be one of several different percentages by weight of the formulation for first adhesive Al or fall within one of several different ranges. The percentage by weight of the acrylate copolymer in the formulation for first adhesive Al may be about 0.1%, about 0.5%, about 1%, about 3%, about 5%, about 10%, about 15%, about 20%, about 25%, about 30%, or about 45%. The percentage by weight of the acrylate copolymer in the formulation for first adhesive Al may fall within one of many different ranges. In a set of ranges, the percentage by weight of the acrylate copolymer in the formulation for first adhesive Al is one of the following ranges: about 0.1% to about 40%, about 1% to about 40%, about 5% to about 40%, about 5% to about 35%, about 5% to about 30%, about 10% to about 30%, or about 15% to about 30%.

[0053] In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Al comprises an elastomer. In some examples, the elastomer is polyacrylate elastomer. The elastomer may be one of several different percentages by weight of the formulation for first adhesive Al or fall within one of several different ranges. The percentage by weight of the elastomer in the formulation for first adhesive Al may be about 0.1%, about 0.5%, about 1%, about 1.5%, about 2% about 2.5%, about 3%, about 3.5%, about 4%, about 4.5%, or about 5%. The percentage by weight of the elastomer in the formulation for first adhesive Al may fall within one of many different ranges. In a set of ranges, the percentage by weight of the acrylate copolymer in the formulation for first adhesive Al is one of the following ranges: about 0.1% to about 5%, about 0.5% to about 5%, about 0.5% to about 4.5%, about 0.5% to about 4%, about 1% to about 4%, or about 1% to about 3%.

[0054] In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Al comprises an antioxidant. In some examples, the antioxidant is a phenolic antioxidant. The antioxidant may be one of several different percentages by weight of the formulation for first adhesive Al or fall within one of several different ranges. The percentage by weight of the antioxidant in the formulation for first adhesive Al may be about 0.01%, about 0.05%, about 0.1%, about 0.5%, about 1%, about 1.5%, about 2% about 2.5%, or about 3%. The percentage by weight of the antioxidant in the formulation for first adhesive Al may fall within one of many different ranges. In a set of ranges, the percentage by weight of the antioxidant in the formulation for first adhesive Al is one of the following ranges: about 0.01% to about 3%, about 0.05% to about 3%, about 0.1% to about 3%, about 0.5% to about 3%, about 0.5% to about 2.5%, about 1% to about 2.5%, or about 1% to about 2%.

[0055] In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Al comprises a stabilizer. In some examples, the stabilizer is a process stabilizer. In one example, the process stabilizer is a phosphite process stabilizer. The process stabilizer may be one of several different percentages by weight of the formulation for first adhesive Al or fall within one of several different ranges. The percentage by weight of the process stabilizer in the formulation for first adhesive Al may be about 0.01%, about 0.05%, about 0.1%, about 0.5%, about 1%, about 1.5%, about 2% about 2.5%, or about 3%. The percentage by weight of the process stabilizer in the formulation for first adhesive Al may fall within one of many different ranges. In a set of ranges, the percentage by weight of the process stabilizer in the formulation for first adhesive Al is one of the following ranges: about 0.01% to about 3%, about 0.05% to about 3%, about 0.1% to about 3%, about 0.5% to about 3%, about 0.5% to about 2.5%, about 1% to about 2.5%, or about 1% to about 2%.

[0056] In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Al comprises an antioxidant. In some examples, the antioxidant is a phenolic antioxidant. The antioxidant may be one of several different percentages by weight of the formulation for first adhesive Al or fall within one of several different ranges. The percentage by weight of the antioxidant in the formulation for first adhesive Al may be about 0.01%, about 0.05%, about 0.1%, about 0.5%, about 1%, about 1.5%, about 2% about 2.5%, or about 3%. The percentage by weight of the antioxidant in the formulation for first adhesive Al may fall within one of many different ranges. In a set of ranges, the percentage by weight of the antioxidant in the formulation for first adhesive Al is one of the following ranges: about 0.01% to about 3%, about 0.05% to about 3%, about 0.1% to about 3%, about 0.5% to about 3%, about 0.5% to about 2.5%, about 1% to about 2.5%, or about 1% to about 2%.

[0057] In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Al comprises a tackifier. In some examples, the tackifier comprises an anhydride. In some examples, the tackifier comprises an alkenyl succinic anhydride and blends thereof. The tackifier may be one of several different percentages by weight of the formulation for first adhesive Al or fall within one of several different ranges. The percentage by weight of the tackifier in the formulation for first adhesive Al may be about 0.1%, about 0.5%, about 1%, about 1.5%, about 2% about 2.5%, about 3%, about 3.5%, about 4%, about 4.5%, or about 5% The percentage by weight of the tackifier in the formulation for first adhesive Al may fall within one of many different ranges. In a set of ranges, the percentage by weight of the tackifier in the formulation for first adhesive Al is one of the following ranges: about 0.1% to about 5%, about 0.5% to about 5%, about 0.5% to about 4.5%, about 0.5% to about 4%, about 1% to about 4%, or about 1% to about 3%.

[0058] In some embodiments, the formulation for first adhesive Al comprises a filler.

In some examples, the filler comprises carbon black, calcium carbonate, hydrated aluminum silicate, or a mixture thereof. The filler may be one of several different percentages by weight of the formulation for first adhesive Al or fall within one of several different ranges. The percentage by weight of the filler in the formulation for first adhesive Al may be about 0.1%, about 0.5%, about 1%, about 1.5%, about 2% about 2.5%, about 3%, about 3.5%, about 4%, about 4.5%, or about 5% The percentage by weight of the filler in the formulation for first adhesive Al may fall within one of many different ranges. In a set of ranges, the percentage by weight of the acrylate copolymer in the formulation for first adhesive Al is one of the following ranges: about 0.1% to about 5%, about 0.5% to about 5%, about 0.5% to about 4.5%, about 0.5% to about 4%, about 1% to about 4%, or about 1% to about 3%.

[0059] Adhesive band 102B is configured to couple to an area including pipe joint 15 as suggested in Fig. 9 and shown in Figs. 10 and 11. As shown in Figs. 1 and 2, exposed portions HEP, 12EP of pipes 11, 12 and pipe joint 15 cooperate to establish that area. [0060] Adhesive band 102B comprises second adhesive A2 which is configured to couple to the exterior uncoated section 10U. In some embodiments, uncoated section 10U is coated with an epoxy. In some examples, second adhesive A2 couples to uncoated section 10U at a second temperature. In some embodiments, the second temperature is greater than the first temperature. In some other embodiments, the second temperature is substantially the same as the first temperature.

[0061] In one example, second adhesive A2 is a hot-melt adhesive that is activated at the second temperature. In one example, the second temperature is about 80 °C. In other examples, the second temperature is about 70 °C, about 75 °C, about 80 °C, about 85 °C, about 90 °C, about 95 °C, or at least 95 °C. The area including exterior uncoated section 10U may be brought to the second temperature by use of torch 80. As a result of only heating that area to the second temperature, exterior pipe coatings 13, 14 may be maintained at the first temperature.

[0062] In illustrative embodiments, heat-shrink layer 101 is heat shrinkable when exposed to heat above a predetermined temperature. As an example, heat-shrink layer 101 is made from a polyolefin-based sheet that shrinks by about 5% to about 200%, based on the reduction in length, upon heating. In another embodiment, the polyolefin layer shrinks by about 10% to about 60%, based on the reduction in length, upon heating. In yet another embodiment, the polyolefin layer shrinks by about 25% to about 50%, based on the reduction in length, upon heating. In one embodiment, the polyolefin layer shrinks from about 10% to about 60%, based on the reduction in length, upon heating.

[0063] In one embodiment, heating includes raising the temperature of the polyolefin layer to at least about 60 degrees Celsius. In another embodiment, heating includes raising the temperature of the polyolefin layer into a range of about 60 degrees Celsius to about 200 degrees Celsius. In yet another embodiment, heating includes raising the temperature of the polyolefin layer into a range of about 100 degrees Celsius to about 160 degrees Celsius. In one embodiment, the shrink force is greater than about 30 psi, as determined by ASTM D-638 at 150 degrees C. In another embodiment, the shrink force is greater than about 40 psi, as determined by ASTM D-638 at 150 degrees C.

[0064] Sleeve 100 provides minimized installation time to mount on tube 10.

Installation equipment may include only torch 80 which allows for minimized capital equipment costs. Specialized equipment, other than torch 80, may also be minimized. Furthermore, minimized first temperature provides for simplified material formulations and maximized reliability and reproducibility during installation.

[0065] An exemplary formulation for first adhesive Al in accordance with certain aspects of the present disclosure may comprise a polyamide, an acrylate terpolymer, an elastomer, an antioxidant, a stabilizer, a filler, and a tackifier.

[0066] In some embodiments, the polyamide was Unirez 2653, available from Katron.

In some exemplary embodiments, the polyamide was about 30% to about 100% by weight of the formulation.

[0067] In some embodiments, the acrylate terpolymer was Bynel 2002, available from

DuPont. In some exemplary embodiments, the acrylate terpolymer was about 0.1% to about 40% by weight of the formulation.

[0068] In some embodiments, the elastomer was Hi Temp 4054, available from Zeon

Chemicals. In some exemplary embodiments, the elastomer was about 0.1% to about 5% by weight of the formulation.

[0069] In some embodiments, the antioxidant was Irganox 1010, available from BASF.

In some exemplary embodiments, the antioxidant was about 0.01% to about 3.0% by weight of the formulation.

[0070] In some embodiments, the processing stabilizer was Irgafox 168, available from

BASF. In some exemplary embodiments, the processing stabilizer was about 0.01% to about 3% by weight of the formulation.

[0071] In some embodiments, the filler was Black Pearls 280, available from Cabot

Corporation. In some exemplary embodiments, the filler was about 0.1% to about 5% by weight of the formulation.

[0072] In some embodiments, the tackifier was Dodecenyl Succinic Anhydride, available from Dixie Chemicals. In some exemplary embodiments, the tackifier was about 0.1% to about 5% by weight of the formulation. In some embodiments, the tackifier is also called a chemical intermediate/curing agent.

[0073] In some exemplary embodiments, the polyamide, the acrylate terpolymer, the polyacrylate elastomer, the antioxidant, the stabilizer, the filler, and the tackifier were combined via melt blending to provide a suitable formulation for the intended application

[0074] The following numbered clauses include embodiments that are contemplated and non-limiting:

[0075] Clause 1. A conduit comprising [0076] a sleeve formed to include a tube-receiving passageway, a first-end aperture opening into the tube-receiving passageway at a first end of the sleeve, and a second-end aperture opening into the tube-receiving passageway at an opposite second end of the sleeve.

[0077] Clause 2. The conduit of clause 1, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the sleeve includes an interior adhesive layer formed to define the tube- receiving passageway and an exterior heat-activated heat-shrink layer arranged to surround and mate with the interior adhesive layer without closing the first-end and second-end apertures.

[0078] Clause 3. The conduit of clause 2, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the interior adhesive layer includes a first adhesive strip comprising a first adhesive material comprising a polyamide and configured to define the first-end aperture.

[0079] Clause 4. The conduit of clause 3, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the interior adhesive layer further includes a second adhesive strip comprising the first adhesive material and configured to define the second-end aperture.

[0080] Clause 5. The conduit of clause 4, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the interior adhesive layer further includes an adhesive band comprising a second adhesive material and arranged to extend between and interconnect the first and second adhesive strips.

[0081] Clause 6. The conduit of clause 5, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, further comprising a tube arranged to extend through the tube-receiving passageway formed in the sleeve.

[0082] Clause 7. The conduit of clause 6, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the tube includes a first fluid-transport unit comprising a first pipe and a first exterior pipe coating coupled to an exterior surface of the first pipe and arranged to lie in spaced-apart relation to a downstream end of the first pipe to form a first exposed portion of the first pipe therebetween.

[0083] Clause 8. The conduit of clause 7, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the tube further includes a second fluid-transport unit comprising a second pipe and a second exterior pipe coating coupled to an exterior surface of the second pipe and arranged to lie in spaced-apart relation to an upstream end of the second pipe to form a second exposed portion of the second pipe therebetween.

[0084] Clause 9. The conduit of clause 8, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the downstream end of the first exposed portion of the first pipe is mated to the upstream end of the second exposed portion of the second pipe to establish a pipe joint therebetween and to define an exterior uncoated section of the tube located between the first and second exterior pipe coatings.

[0085] Clause 10. The conduit of clause 9, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the first adhesive strip of the interior adhesive layer of the sleeve directly contacts and engages the first exterior pipe coating.

[0086] Clause 11. The conduit of clause 10, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the first and second exposed portions are coated with an epoxy.

[0087] Clause 12. The conduit of clause 10, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the first adhesive material is not tacky at room temperature.

[0088] Clause 13. The conduit of clause 12, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the first adhesive material is activated at a first temperature that is between about 50 °C and 95 °C.

[0089] Clause 14. The conduit of clause 12, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the first adhesive material is a hot-melt adhesive.

[0090] Clause 15. The conduit of clause 12, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the polyamide of the first adhesive comprises an acid-terminated polyamide.

[0091] Clause 16. The conduit of clause 5, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the first adhesive further comprises an acrylate copolymer.

[0092] Clause 17. The conduit of clause 16, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the acrylate terpolymer comprises an acrylic acid, ethylene, and methyl/butyl acrylate.

[0093] Clause 18. The conduit of clause 16, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, further comprising an elastomer.

[0094] Clause 19. The conduit of clause 18, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, wherein the elastomer comprises a polyacrylate elastomer.

[0095] Clause 20. The conduit of clause 19, any other clause, or any combination of clauses, further comprising an antioxidant, a process stabilizer, a filler, a tackifier, or a combination thereof.