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Title:
HINGE DEVICE WITH DAMPENING OF END STROKES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/121391
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A hinged device with dampening of the opening (A) and/or closing (C) end strokes of a door of an appliance comprises a first element (3) to be fixed to a body of the apparatus and a second element (5) to be fixed to the door of said appliance. These first (3) and second (5) elements are hinged by a hinge pin (7) and the door rotates along the opening (A) and closing (C) end strokes and an intermediate (I) stroke around the hinge pin (7). The device (1) comprises a cradle means (11) sliding into the first element (3) and a connecting rod means (13) connected to the cradle means (11) and to the second element (5) for translation, following the door rotation, of the cradle means (11) which slidably houses a damping means (21) of length variable between a minimum and a maximum and provided with sliding members (25, 27) sliding into first slots (31) of the cradle means (11) and into second slots (33) of the first element (3) having a longitudinal extension at least equal to or preferably greater than that of the first slots (31) to which they are facing.

Inventors:
GHERARDI, Eros (Via Laura Bassi Veratti 1, BOLOGNA, I-40137, IT)
Application Number:
EP2018/084951
Publication Date:
June 27, 2019
Filing Date:
December 14, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
C.M.I. CERNIERE MECCANICHE INDUSTRIALI S.R.L. (Via 2 Agosto 1980, 1/DLoc. Crespellano, VALSAMOGGIA, I-40053, IT)
International Classes:
E05F5/02; E05F1/12; E05F3/20
Foreign References:
DE202007012603U12009-01-22
EP2474786A22012-07-11
DE202007012603U12009-01-22
EP2474786A22012-07-11
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
NEGRINI, Elena (AGAZZANI & ASSOCIATI S.R.L, Via dell'Angelo Custode 11/6, BOLOGNA, I-40141, IT)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1) Hinge device with dampening of the end portions of the opening (A) and/or closing (C) strokes of a door of an appliance, and comprising a first element (3) assigned to be fixed to a body of the appliance and a second element (5) assigned to be fixed to the door of said appliance, where said first (3) and second (5) elements, in an assembled condition, are mutually connected by means of a hinge pin (7) for the rotation of the door along the end portions of the opening (A) and closing (C) strokes and along an interposed intermediate portion of the stroke (I) around a rotation axis of said hinge pin (7); said device (1) comprises a cradle means (11) sliding along or within the first element (3), and a connecting rod means (13) having an end connected by a respective rotation pins (15) to the cradle means (11) and the other end connected by a respective rotation pin (17) to the second element (5), such that the rotation of the latter (5) in the end portion of the opening (A) stroke, in the intermediate portion of the stroke (I) and in the end portion of the closing (C) stroke, causes corresponding translations of the cradle means (11) which slidably houses a linear damping means (21) having two parts, one being slidable with respect to the other, such that the length of the damping means (21) may vary from a minimum to a maximum, at which it elastically stretches as a result of the action of internal or external elastic means; said device (1) is characterized in that each of said parts is provided with a respective sliding member (25, 27) the ends of each one of them sliding in first slots (31) of the cradle means (11) and in second slots (33) of the first element (3), with their longitudinal extension being at least equal to or preferably greater than that of the first slots (31) with which they are face-to-face, or vice versa; in the intermediate portion of the stroke (I) of the door, the damping means (21) is at its maximum or nearly maximum length, and the sliding members (25, 27) of its parts contact or nearly contact the ends of the first slots (31) of the cradle means (11) and such sliding members (25, 27) slide into the second slots (33) of the first element (3) or vice versa; in the end portions of the opening (A) and closing (C) strokes of the door, one of said sliding members (25, 27) is in contact with one end of the first slots (31) and the other (27, 25) is in contact with one end of the second slots (33) of the first element (3) and the rotation of the door in the opening and closing direction causes the cradle means to slide in the corresponding direction of mutual approaching of the sliding members (25, 27) and the consequent compression of the damping means (21), which causes the rotational speed of the door to slow down in said end portions of the opening (A) and closing (C) strokes. 2) Device according to claim 1 characterized in that the length of the first slots (31) of the cradle means (11) corresponds to the maximum distance between the sliding members (25, 27) in the condition where the damping means (21) is at its maximum length, and the length of the second slots (33) of the first element (3) equals the sum of the length of the first slots (31) with the length of the translation of the cradle means (11) in the intermediate portion of the stroke (I) of the door; the distance between the hinge pin (7) and the rotation pin (17) connecting the connecting rod means (13) to the second element (5) is determined such that the length of the translations of the cradle means (11) in the end portions of the opening (A) and closing (C) strokes of the door correspond at least approximately to the excursion of the damping means (21), i.e., to the difference between the maximum and minimum values of length of the damping means (21); the length of the connecting rod means (13) and/or the longitudinal position of the second slots (33) are determined such that in the extreme opening and closing conditions of the door, the damping means (21) is at its minimum length.

3) Device according to claim 1 or 2 characterized in that the linear damping means (21) is of a viscous fluid type and one part thereof consists of a cylinder and the other part thereof of a piston provided with a rod projecting from the cylinder, which carries a seat for the respective sliding member (25), and the free end of the rod carries the respective sliding member (27), where said sliding members (25, 27) consist of cylindrical pins with enlarged ends to prevent them from disengaging the slots (31, 33); said cylinder contains an elastic means in the form of a helical spring for the elastic return of the piston to the maximum length of the damping means (21).

4) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that the second slots (33) comprise respective pass-through grooves (35) of such a length that their ends do not match the sliding members (25, 27) in either one or both end portions of the opening (A) and closing (C) strokes, and comprise a set of end-stop means (37) which can be fixed and/or are removable from the ends of said grooves (35) to activate or deactivate the damping of the rotation speed in the end portions of the opening (A) and closing (C) strokes and/or to determine the angular extensions of these end portions of the strokes (A, C) in which said damping takes place.

5) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that the first element (3) and the cradle means (11) are made of die-cut and die-bent metal sheet and the respective cross-sections are in the shape of a squared "U", where the damping means (21) is slidably housed in the U-shaped cavity of the cradle means (11) which is slidably housed in the U-shaped cavity of the first element (3).

6) Device according to claim 5 characterized in that the first (31) and second slots (33) are obtained from the face-to-face parallel longitudinal walls of the cradle means (11) and of the first element (3), respectively.

7) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that it comprises a helical spring (41) operating under tension and whose ends are fixed to end portions of the cradle means (11) and of the first element (3), opposite to the hinge pin (7).

8) Device according to any of the preceding claims characterized in that one portion of the second element (5) adjacent to the hinge pin (7) has an edge (43) in the form of a shaped cam, and in that it comprises a roller means (45) pressed by elastic thrust means thereof to match this edge (43), whereby during the rotation of the door the roller means (45) rolls along said cam edge (43) and transmits thrust or stabilizing forces to the door for the metastable positioning of the door in intermediate, closing and/or opening positions.

9) Device according to claim 8 characterized in that it comprises a guide means (47) designed to support the rotation axis of the roller means (45) and to transmit thereto the elastic force of the elastic thrust means consisting of a helical spring (48) compressed between the guide means (47) and a support means (49) bearing the guide means (47) and the helical spring (48); said support means (49) is fixed in the first element (3) and is equipped with sliding slots (51) for the rotation axis of the roller means (45). 10) Device according to claim 9 characterized in that the connecting rod means

(13) is made of die-cut and molded metal sheet, and is in the shape of an open box, with an internal cavity partially housing the support means (49).

Description:
HINGE DEVICE WITH DAMPENING OF END STROKES

DESCRIPTION

TECHNICAL FIELD

The present invention relates to hinges for household appliances, furniture, furnishing, equipment and the like and it refers to a hinge device with damping of the opening and closing end strokes.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

There are known appliances equipped with hinges provided with dampers which slow down the end portion of the opening or closing stroke of a door or leaf.

A drawback of such known devices is that they are unable to dampen both the final opening and closing strokes.

Another drawback consists in not allowing to adjust the amplitude of the stroke section which is braked.

The prior art model n. DE 20 2007 012603 Ul discloses a hinge device having the characteristics of the preamble of claim 1 of the present document. The application n. EP 2 474 786 A2 provides general information in the technical field of this document.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

An object of the present invention is to propose a hinged device with the possibility of damping both the opening and closing end strokes of a door, leaf, closure and the like, even if only one damper is used.

Another object is to propose an easily configurable device for obtaining almost any dimension of the sections or of the individual section of damping of the door speed.

A further object is to propose a device which allows to activate and deactivate the braking effect in one or both the closing and opening end sections or to adjust the angular width of the sections in which the device slows down the door even after realization, for example during device assembly in an apparatus.

Another object is to propose a device suitable for vertical, horizontal and inclined doors with horizontal or vertical or inclined rotation axes.

Other objects are to propose a device fit for balancing the door and obtaining intermediate metastable positions of the door itself.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The characteristics of the invention are shown below with particular reference to the attached drawings in which:

Figure 1 shows a side view of the hinged device with damping of the end strokes, object of the present invention, a first element be fixed to the body of an apparatus and having a second element assigned to be fixed to a door of the apparatus and illustrated with continuous line in one position at an intermediate door stroke and illustrated in dashed lines in two positions in two end strokes respectively for opening and closing the door which, in these end strokes, is slowed down by the hinge device;

Figure 2 shows a side view of the first element of Figure 1 and of a damping means illustrated in continuous line and in dashed lines in its compression conditions corresponding to the positions of the second element in the intermediate stroke and in the opening and closing end strokes;

Figure 3 shows a partial and enlarged view of a detail of figure 1;

Figure 4 shows a schematic and sectional view according to the plane IV-IV of Figure 3;

Figures 5-7 show axonometric views of the device of Figure 1 in assembled conditions and progressive disassembly;

Figures 8 and 9 show exploded views, respectively in an orthogonal projection and in an axonometric view of the exploded device of Figure 1 ;

Figure 10 shows a variant of the first element of Figure 1.

BEST MODE TO CARRY OUT THE INVENTION

With reference to Figures 1-9, numeral 1 indicates the hinged device with damping of the end portions of the opening A and/or closing C strokes of a door of an apparatus object of the present invention.

The apparatus may consist of an appliance, a piece of equipment, a piece of furniture or any object equipped with closing and opening door or hatch.

The hinged device with damping comprises a first element 3 assigned to be fixed to a body or frame of the apparatus and a second element 5 assigned to be fixed to an access door inside said apparatus.

Said first element 3 and second element 5, in an assembled condition, are mutually connected by means of a hinge pin 7 for rotating the door about the hinge pin axis along the opening A and closing C rotation end stokes and along an interposed intermediate rotation stroke I. The hinge pin 7 may consist of a simple cylindrical pin or a cylindrical pin inserted into a bushing as shown in Figures 8 and 9.

The device function is to allow the door rotation by braking its stroke in the opening A and/or closing C end portions in a symmetrical or asymmetrical manner and for angular extensions selectable according to the requirements to which the device must conform.

The device 1 comprises a cradle means 11 sliding along or preferably within the first element 3 and a connecting rod means 13 whose ends are connected, by respective rotation pins 15, 17, one to the end closest to the hinge pin 7 of the cradle means 11 and the other to a portion of the second element 5 spaced from the hinge pin 7.

This connection between the cradle means 11 and the second element 5 made by the connecting rod means 13 causes the rotation of the door and of the second element 5 in the opening end strokes A, in the intermediate stroke I and in the closing end stroke C causes corresponding translations of the cradle means 11 along the first element 3.

The cradle means 11 slidably houses a damping means 21 of a linear type and moves it, at least partially, during its motion, along the first element 3, deriving from the door rotation.

The damping means 21 has two parts one sliding with respect to the other so that the length of the damping means 21 can vary from a minimum to a maximum to which it elastically tends due to the action of internal or external elastic means.

Each of said parts of the damping means 21 is provided with a respective sliding member 25, 27 of the transverse pin type.

The cradle means 11 is provided with a pair of first slots 31 mutually facing and spaced apart and the first element 3 is provided with a pair of second slots 33 each parallel and adjacent to a respective first slot 31.

Each end of each sliding member 25, 27 slides into a first slot 31 of the cradle means 11 and into the adjacent second slot 33 of the first element 3.

The longitudinal extension of the second slots 33 is at least equal to or preferably greater than the longitudinal extension of the first slots 31 but the invention also provides the opposite alternative possibility.

In the hatch intermediate stroke I, the damping means 21 is at its maximum length or nearly so and the sliding members 25, 27 of its parts are in contact or almost with the ends of the first slots 31 of the cradle means 11 and said sliding members 25, 27 slide into the second slots 33 of the first element 3 or, alternatively, vice versa.

In the door opening A and closing C end strokes, one of said sliding members 25, 27 is in contact with one end of the first slots 31 and the other member 27, 25 is in contact with one end of the second slots 33 of the first element 3. In such conditions occurring during the opening A and closure C end stokes, the door rotation respectively in the opening and closing direction causes the cradle means to slide into the corresponding reciprocal approach of the sliding members 25, 27 and the consequent compression of the damping means 21 which causes the door rotation speed to be damped in said opening A and closing C end strokes. This also occurs in the alternative case mentioned above.

For the device operation reducing the door speed in the opening A and/or closing C end strokes, precise or predetermined positioning or sizing are not indispensable but it is sufficient the happening of the compression, or the shortening, of the damping means 21 during such opening A and/or closing C end stokes.

The length of the first slots 31 of the cradle means 11 corresponds to the maximum distance between the sliding members 25, 27 in the maximum length condition of the damping means 21 and the length of the second slots 33 of the first element 3 is equal to the sum of the length the first slots 31 with the translation length of the cradle means 11 in the door intermediate stroke I.

In this alternative case the relations between the lengths are reversed.

Preferably, for a symmetrical braking effect in the opening A and closing C end strokes, the distance between the hinge pin 7 and the rotation pin 17 of the connecting rod means 13 to the second element 5 is determined so that the translation length of the cradle means 11 in the door opening A and closing C end strokes correspond at least approximately to the damping means 21 excursion, or to the difference between the maximum and the minimum of the length of the damping means 21. Moreover the length the connecting rod means 13 and/or the longitudinal position of the second slots 33 is determined such that in the hatch opening and closing end conditions, the damping means 21 is at its minimum length. As seen such dimensions, positions and ratios are not indispensable for the operation of the device which can be made for asymmetric damping or only in one of the opening or closing end strokes.

Returning to the illustrated embodiment, the opening and closing end strokes have an angular extension between about 10° and about 35° while the intermediate stroke has an angular extension ranging between about 70° and about 20°.

The linear damping means 21 is preferably of a viscous fluid type, for example mineral oil, and a part thereof consists of a cylinder and the other part in a sliding piston which is not perfectly sealed in the cylinder lumen and has a rod protruding from the cylinder. The cylinder carries a transverse seat for the respective sliding member 25 and the rod free end, that is opposite to the piston and external to the cylinder, carries the respective sliding member 27; preferably this last sliding member 27 is rigidly and transversely fixed to the rod free end.

The opposite ends of each cylindrical pin of such sliding members 25, 27 are widened to prevent their disengagement from the slots 31, 33.

The cylinder of the damping means 21 contains, in addition to the oil, an elastic spring means compressed between the cylinder top and the piston and intended for the elastic return of the piston and the rod in the most protruding position of the latter corresponding to the maximum length of the damping means 21.

The first element 3 and the cradle means 11 are made of die-cut and die-bent metal sheet and, as illustrated in Figure 4, the respective cross sections are in a squared "U" shape. The damping means 21 is slidably housed in the U-shaped cavity of the cradle means 11 which, in turn, is slidably housed in the U-shaped cavity of the first element 3. The first and second slots 31 are formed in the mutually facing and parallel longitudinal walls of the cradle means 11 and the first "U" element 3 respectively. The device 1 comprises a helical spring 41 operating under tension and whose ends are fixed, for example by pins and/or hooks, to end portions of the cradle means 11 and of the first element 3 opposite to the hinge pin 7. This helical spring 41 transmits to the second element 5 and to the door, by means of cradle means 11 and rod means 13, a balancing force for the door weight directed in the closing direction.

A portion of the second element 5 adjacent to the hinge pin 7 has an edge 43 in the form of a shaped cam and the device 1 comprises a roller means 45 pressed against this edge 43 by its elastic thrust means. During the door rotation, the roller means 45 rolls along said cam edge 43 transmitting to the door thrust or stabilization forces for metastable positioning of the door in intermediate, closing and/or opening positions.

Moreover, the device comprises a guide means 47 designed to support the rotation axis of the roller means 45 and to transmit the elastic force of the elastic thrust means consisting of a helical spring 48 compressed between guide means 47 and a projection or shelf of a support means 49 which contains the guide means 47 and the helical spring 48 themselves.

Said support means 49 is fixed in the first element 3 and is provided with sliding slots 51 for the rotation axis of the roller means 45 allowing the latter to carry out the excursions necessary to follow the profile of the edge 43 in the form of a shaped cam.

The connecting rod means 13 is made of die-cut and die-bent metal sheet and is of open box-like shape with an inner cavity which partially houses the support means 49.

The operation of the device is that the compression and shortening of the damping means in the opening A and/or closing C end strokes of the door causes a slowing down of the opening and/or closing speed of the door itself

In the variant of Figure 10 it is provided that the second slots 33 comprise respective through grooves 35 of such length so that their ends do not meet with the sliding members 25, 27 in one or both the opening A and closing C end strokes and furthermore comprise a set of end-stop means 37, all the same or also of different lengths, which can be fixed and removed from the ends of said grooves 35 to activate or deactivate the rotational speed damping in the opening A and closing C end strokes and/or for determining the angular extensions of such end strokes A, C in which said damping takes place.