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Title:
HOOD FOR SI-METAL TAPPING AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION OF SILICON USING SUCH A HOOD
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/161897
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
The present invention provides a hood (1) for a taphole (4) and a tapping spout (2) in a submerged arc furnace in the production of silicon wherein the hood (1) has at least two suction ducts (3) which are placed on either side of the hood (1). The present invention further provides a process for the production of silicon in a submerged arc furnace, wherein liquid silicon and refining gas escape from a taphole (4) of a crucible (7), wherein the liquid silicon is flowing on a tapping spout (2) into a ladle (5), wherein the refining gas is sucked in a hood (1) which has at least two suction ducts (3) which are placed on either side of the hood (1).

Inventors:
BERTAKIS, Evangelos (Wackerstr. 53, Burghausen, 84489, DE)
EULENBERGER, Ronald (Pfarrer-Hilz-Str. 7, Kastl, 84556, DE)
SCHEI, Einar Olav (Ørneiveien 17, 7200 KYRKSÆTERØRA, 7200, NO)
Application Number:
EP2018/054384
Publication Date:
August 29, 2019
Filing Date:
February 22, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
WACKER CHEMIE AG (Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4, München, 81737, DE)
International Classes:
F27D3/15; C01B33/037; F27D17/00
Domestic Patent References:
WO2013186664A12013-12-19
Other References:
MEHDI KADKHODABEIGI: "Modeling of Tapping Processes in Submerged Arc Furnaces", 1 May 2011, Trondheim [Norway], ISBN: 978-82-471-2841-1, pages: 108 - 142, XP002785584
MEHDI KADKHODABEIGI: "Modeling of Tapping Processes in Submerged Arc Furnaces, Thesis for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor", May 2011, pages: 108 - 142
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
FRITZ, Helmut et al. (Wacker Chemie AG, Hanns-Seidel-Platz 4, München, 81737, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. Hood (1) for a taphole (4) and a tapping spout (2) in a

submerged arc furnace in the production of silicon wherein the hood (1) has at least two suction ducts (3) which are placed on either side of the hood (1) .

2. Process for the production of silicon in a submerged arc furnace, wherein liquid silicon and refining gas escape from a taphole (4) of a crucible (7), wherein the liquid silicon is flowing on a tapping spout (2) into a ladle (5), wherein the refining gas is sucked in a hood (1) which has at least two suction ducts (3) which are placed on either side of the hood (1) .

3. Hood (1) as claimed in claim 1 and process as claimed in claim 2, wherein the two suction ducts (3) are placed asymmetrically on either side of the hood (1) .

4. Hood (1) as claimed in claims 1 or 3 and process as

claimed in claims 2 or 3, wherein one suction duct (3) is placed close to the taphole (4), thus ventilating the gas emitted from the crucible (7) and the other suction duct (3) is placed over the ladle (5) into which the liquid silicon flows for capturing the fume emitted by the refining process.

5. Hood (1) as claimed in claims 1, 3 or 4 and process as

claimed in claims 2, 3 or 4, wherein the refining or the tapping gas is sucked by pipes (6) which are connected with the suction ducts (3) that are oriented vertically

immediately after their connection point on either side of the hood ( 1 ) .

6. Hood (1) as claimed in claims 1, 3, 4 or 5 and process as claimed in claims 2, 3, 4 or 5, wherein the ducts (3) have manhole openings.

7. Hood (1) as claimed in claims 1, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and process as claimed in claims 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6, wherein the hood (1) walls are slopped.

Description:
HOOD FOR SI-METAL TAPPING AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCTION

OF SILICON USING SUCH A HOOD

The present invention provides a hood for a taphole and the tapping spout in a submerged arc furnace in the production of silicon and a process for the production of silicon.

During the production of metallurgical-grade silicon, the molten metal exits the furnace through a borehole at the bottom of the crucible (taphole) during a process called "tapping".

The liquid silicon flows onto a runner called "tapping spout" and into a container called "ladle". Gaseous fume from the furnace hearth, mostly consisting of SiO and CO, also exits through the taphole together with the liquid silicon. At the same time, air and/or oxygen is blown through the bottom of the ladle and rises through the molten silicon. This process, called "refining", also produces a gaseous fume containing SiO. These two streams of waste gas react with the ambient air into microsilica particles, carbon dioxide and heat, thus creating a hot exhaust gas (called tapping and/or refining gas/fume) that is loaded with microsilica dust and needs to be ventilated away from the working environment. For this purpose a small hood (called "doghouse") is placed above and around the taphole and the tapping spout. The doghouse is connected or adjacent to an exhaust duct and suction is provided by a dedicated ventilator. The efficiency of the suction depends greatly on the geometric design of the doghouse and the exhaust duct.

At the same time, some technical aspects pose limitations to the doghouse design. One such limitation is that the doghouse is mounted on the crucible that is in constant rotational motion and suction should be provided regardless of the current doghouse position. Another limitation is that different pieces of equipment (called "tapping equipment") need to access the taphole(s) of the crucible in order to drill them open, seal them etc. The doghouse must not come in the way of such

equipment. A third limitation is that during tapping the ladle needs to be accessible from above in order to introduce certain additives to the molten metal. The doghouse may therefore not fully cover the top surface of the ladle, which could let a portion of the fume emitted by the ladle escape into the environment .

The current state-of-the-art doghouse designs do not manage to provide sufficient suction, thus letting a significant amount of the tapping gas escape into the working environment.

An example of a state-of-the-art doghouse design is known from Mehdi Kadkhodabeigi : Modeling of Tapping Processes in Submerged Arc Furnaces, Thesis for the degree of Philosophiae Doctor, May 2011, Norwegian University, Trondheim; p. 108-142.

The state-of-the-art doghouse designs include a single suction duct, which can either be located opposite the doghouse, or on the side of the doghouse. If the suction duct is placed at a fixed location opposite the doghouse, the suction will only be sufficient if the doghouse and the suction duct are aligned. However, due to the constant rotational motion of the crucible there will often be a misalignment of the doghouse and the suction duct. This will lead to a ventilation of mostly ambient air instead of the tapping fume, which will be able to escape into the working environment. It is therefore advantageous to place the suction duct on the doghouse in which case the suction system needs to rotate together with the doghouse and the crucible. Even in this design, using a single duct is inadequate for ventilating both the fume emitted by the taphole and the fume coming from the ladle due to the distance between them. If the suction duct is placed over the ladle then the fume from the taphole can escape. If the suction duct is placed close to the taphole then the fume from the ladle will not be ventilated. In addition, usually doghouses are built using panels that are either horizontal or vertical, thus creating stagnant volume regions in which the tapping gas can accumulate and escape.

The present invention provides a hood (1) for a taphole (4) and a tapping spout (2) in a submerged arc furnace in the

production of silicon wherein the hood (1) has at least two suction ducts (3) which are placed on either side of the hood (1) ·

The present invention further provides a process for the production of silicon in a submerged arc furnace, wherein liquid silicon and refining gas escape from a taphole (4) of a crucible (7), wherein the liquid silicon is flowing on a tapping spout (2) into a ladle (5), wherein the refining gas is sucked in a hood (1) which has at least two suction ducts (3) which are placed on either side of the hood (1) .

The hood according to the invention uses at least two suction ducts (3) instead of the usual single suction duct (3) and therefore provides improved suction of the gas emitted from the taphole (4) when compared to the conventional designs while it manages to comply with the aforementioned restrictions.

If the ducts (3) are located on the same side of the hood (1), then the suction will not be uniform and the gas may escape on the other side of the hood (1) .

Preferably, the hood (1) features a suction system that rotates together with the hood (1) and the crucible (7) .

Preferably, the hood (1) has two suction ducts (3) which are placed asymmetrically on either side of the hood (1) .

The asymmetrical position avoids that the gas flow can have a stagnation point halfway between the two ducts (3) and that the suction can be inadequate.

However, if the ducts (3) are placed asymmetrically opposite each other, then no stagnation point will appear, thus

improving the suction.

Preferably, one suction duct (3) is placed close to the taphole (4), thus ventilating the gas emitted from the crucible (7) and the other suction duct (3) is placed over the ladle (5) into which the liquid silicon flows for capturing the fume emitted by the refining process.

Preferably, the refining gas or the tapping gas is sucked by pipes (6) which are connected with the suction ducts (3) .

Preferably, both suction pipes (6) are oriented vertically immediately after their connection point to the hood (1) . This causes the gas to flow downwards as soon as it enters the duct (3) . In this way the microsilica particles contained in the gas cannot sediment and stick on the inner walls of the pipes (6) and clogging risk of the ducts (3) is thus reduced.

In a preferred embodiment, the pipes (6) have manhole openings which facilitate cleaning of the hood (1) and the pipes (6) .

In a preferred embodiment, in order to further minimize the amount of smoke that may escape, the hood (1) walls are slopped whenever possible instead of being horizontal or vertical. This minimizes the hood inner volume and eliminates stagnant volume regions in which suction is poor and smoke can accumulate. Preferably the side walls of the hood (1) are slopped.

The hood decreases the amount of flue gas that manages to escape the ventilation system and enter the working

environment. This results into better working conditions for the people operating the tapping equipment by improving the air quality and by reducing the dust accumulation in the tapping area .

In a preferred embodiment, the hood material is steel.

Figures 1 to 3 show the hood (1) according to the invention placed above the ladle (5) from different views. Figure 1 is a front view, Figure 2 is a perspective view and Figure 3 is a top view.

Figures 1 to 3 show the hood (1) which covers the tapping spout (2) where liquid silicon is flowing into the ladle (5) . Two suction ducts (3) are used for capturing the tapping and the refining gas from the taphole (4) and the tapping spout (2) which are connected with the crucible (7) . The gas is sucked by pipes (6) which are connected with the suction ducts (3) .

In addition the two ducts (3) are located on opposite sides of the hood (1) in an asymmetric manner. The two pipes (6) are oriented vertically after their connection point to the hood (1) . The hood (1) has sloped surfaces.