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Title:
HYDRAULIC ACCUMULATOR EXCHANGE TOOL
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/206662
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
It is described an arrangement (100) for removing and/or exchanging a hydraulic fluid accumulator (101) installed within a hub of a wind turbine, the arrangement comprising: a first pair (103) of mounting legs (105, 107) each having at an upper portion connection means (109, 111) for connecting to a hub component; a second pair (113) of mounting legs (115, 117) each having at an upper portion connection means (119, 121) for connecting to a hub component; a first bar (123) connecting the first pair (103) of mounting legs at a lower portion; a second bar (125) connecting the second pair (115) of mounting legs at a lower portion; an elongate resting structure (127) for carrying an accumulator (101), the resting structure being at one end (129) slidably supported by the first bar (123) and at another end (131) slidably supported by the second bar (125) and being movable in a parallel manner traverse, in particular perpendicular (135), to a longitudinal direction (133) of the resting structure (127).

Inventors:
PARK, Heungsu (Grauballvej 18, 8632 Lemming, 8632, DK)
Application Number:
EP2019/059261
Publication Date:
October 31, 2019
Filing Date:
April 11, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
SIEMENS GAMESA RENEWABLE ENERGY A/S (Borupvej 16, 7330 Brande, 7330, DK)
International Classes:
F03D80/50; F03D1/06; F03D80/70; F03D80/80
Domestic Patent References:
WO2012069062A12012-05-31
WO2015090655A12015-06-25
Foreign References:
US20100011575A12010-01-21
US20110280730A12011-11-17
EP2402604A22012-01-04
Other References:
None
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
ASPACHER, Karl-Georg (Postfach 22 16 34, München, 80506, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. Arrangement (100) for removing and/or exchanging a hydrau lic fluid accumulator (101) installed within a hub of a wind turbine, the arrangement comprising:

a first pair (103) of mounting legs (105, 107) each hav ing at an upper portion connection means (109, 111) for con necting to a hub component;

a second pair (113) of mounting legs (115, 117) each having at an upper portion connection means (119, 121) for connecting to a hub component;

a first bar (123) connecting the first pair (103) of mounting legs at a lower portion;

a second bar (125) connecting the second pair (115) of mounting legs at a lower portion;

an elongate resting structure (127) for carrying an ac cumulator (101), the resting structure being at one end (129) slidably supported by the first bar (123) and at another end (131) slidably supported by the second bar (125) and being movable in a parallel manner traverse, in particular perpen dicular (135), to a longitudinal direction (133) of the rest ing structure (127).

2. Arrangement according to the preceding claim, wherein the arrangement is configured to temporarily fix the resting structure (127) at one of plural positions along the first bar (123) and the second bar (125), the plural positions matching plural positions of plural accumulators fixed in a hub hydraulic assembly (183) .

3. Arrangement according to one of the preceding claims, wherein for temporarily fixing the resting structure the ar rangement comprises at least one fixing pin (147),

wherein at least one of the first bar (123) and the second bar (125) comprises plural holes (137) along the bar,

wherein a slide engagement portion (139) of the resting structure (127) comprises at least one through hole (141), wherein the at least one fixing pin (147) is leadable through the through hole (141) of the slide engagement portion (139) and one of the plural holes (137) of the first and/or second bar (123,125 for fixing the resting structure at one of the plural positions.

4. Arrangement according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the arrangement (100) is configured to, when mounted at the hub component, orient the elongate resting structure (127) such as to carry the accumulator (101) in the horizon tal orientation.

5. Arrangement according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the first pair (103) of mounting legs is longer than the second pair (113) of mounting legs.

6. Arrangement according to one of the preceding claims, wherein a first leg (105) of the first pair (103) and/or a first leg (115) of the second pair (113) :

extends at a lower portion substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the first bar (123);

has a kink (149, 151) in a middle portion; and

extends (155) beyond the kink to the upper portion tilt ed by between 5° and 15°, with respect to the extension di rection (153) in the lower portion.

7. Arrangement according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the hub component is a hub hydraulic assembly (183) comprising an accumulator mounting plate (185) on which plu ral accumulators are fixed.

8. Arrangement according to the preceding claim, wherein the connection means (109, 119) at the upper portion of the first leg (105) of the first pair (103) and/or the first leg (115) of the second pair (113) comprises:

a clamp configured to engage the accumulator mounting plate .

9. Arrangement according to the preceding claim, wherein the clamp comprises two parallel plan gripping portions (157,

159) shiftable towards each other having the accumulator mounting plate (185) in between.

10. Arrangement according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the connection means at the upper portion of a second leg (107) of the first pair (103) and/or a second leg (117) of the second pair (113) comprises a bolt (161) and/or a hole for a bolt.

11. Arrangement according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the resting structure (127) is shorter than the accu mulator (101) and/or

wherein the accumulator (101) substantially has a cylindrical shape .

12. Arrangement according to one of the preceding claims, wherein the resting structure (127) has a central resting portion (163) arranged, when the arrangement is mounted at the hub component, in a horizontal plane and two portions (165) adjacent to the central portion slanted in their width direction upwards.

13. Arrangement according to one of the preceding claims, further comprising:

an extension resting structure (173) hookable at one end to the first bar (123) to be in alignment with the resting structure (127) and having at another end two floor legs (177) to be put on a horizontal auxiliary structure floor (189), in particular of a maintenance frame or service plat form.

14. Hub hydraulic assembly, comprising:

an accumulator mounting plate (185); and

an arrangement (100) according to one of the preceding claims mountable at the accumulator mounting plate.

15. Method of removing and/or exchanging a hydraulic fluid accumulator (101) installed within a hub of a wind turbine, the method comprising:

providing an arrangement (100) for exchanging the hy draulic fluid accumulator, the arrangement having:

a first bar (123) connecting a first pair (103) of mounting legs (105, 107) at a lower portion;

a second bar (125) connecting a second pair (113) of mounting legs (115, 117) at a lower portion;

connecting the first pair (103) of mounting legs each having at an upper portion connection means (109, 111) to a hub component;

connecting the second pair (113) of mounting legs each having at an upper portion connection means (119, 121) to a hub component;

moving an elongate resting structure (127) at one end slidably supported by the first bar (123) and at another end slidably supported by the second bar (125) in a parallel man ner traverse, in particular perpendicular, to a longitudinal direction of the resting structure such as to be below the accumulator (101) to be exchanged;

lowering the accumulator (101) onto the resting struc ture (127) for carrying the accumulator.

Description:
DESCRIPTION

Hydraulic accumulator exchange tool Field of invention

The present invention relates to an arrangement and to a method for exchanging a hydraulic fluid accumulator installed within a hub of a wind turbine and further relates to a hub hydraulic assembly and still further relates to a wind tur bine including the hub hydraulic assembly.

Art Background

A wind turbine may require a hydraulic system for actuating one or more components of the wind turbine, such as a yaw system, a pitch system or the like. Conventionally, an hy draulic fluid accumulator assembly has been installed within the hub of the wind turbine at which plural rotor blades are connected. The accumulator assembly installed within the hub is also referred to as hub hydraulic assembly (HHA) . The ac cumulators may store hydraulic fluid, such as a mineral oil or water based liquid, and may be connected by several pipes or hoses carrying or conveying the hydraulic fluid, in par ticular the hydraulic fluid to one or more locations within the blades and/or the nacelle of the wind turbine.

The hydraulic fluid accumulators may be required to be ex changed from time to time, in order to ensure a safe opera tion. Conventionally it has been difficult to exchange an ac cumulator comprised in a hub hydraulic assembly due to hin dered access to the accumulator and the restricted space available for maintenance personnel and/or also available for carrying away the old accumulator.

Thus, there may be a need for an arrangement and for a method for exchanging a hydraulic fluid accumulator installed within a hub of a wind turbine, wherein a safe and fast exchange is achieved and only requiring an auxiliary structure having simple construction and low weight.

Summary of the Invention

This need may be met by the subject matter according to the independent claims. Advantageous embodiments of the present invention are described by the dependent claims.

According to an embodiment of the present invention it is provided an arrangement for exchanging a hydraulic fluid ac cumulator installed within a hub of a wind turbine, the ar rangement comprising: a first pair of mounting legs each hav ing at an upper portion connection means for connecting to a hub component; a second pair of mounting legs each having at an upper portion connection means for connecting to a hub component; a first bar connecting the first pair of mounting legs at a lower portion; a second bar connecting the second pair of mounting legs at a lower portion; an elongate resting structure for carrying an accumulator, the resting structure being at one end slidably supported by the first bar and at another end slidably supported by the second bar and being movable in a parallel manner traverse, in particular perpen dicular, to a longitudinal direction of the resting struc ture .

The arrangement may be assembled close to or within the na celle of the wind turbine for which exchange of an accumula tor is required. The arrangement may have a low weight such as several kilograms, for example 5 to 20 kg. The arrangement may be adapted for exchanging an accumulator which may have in particular a cylindrical shape, may have a weight between 50 kg and 150 kg and which may have a length of between 1 m and 3 m for example. The hydraulic fluid accumulator may be filled with hydraulic fluid (e.g. oil or water based liquid) and may have one or more hydraulic connectors to which hy draulic pipes or hoses are connected which lead to components requiring hydraulic fluid supply. At the hub, three or more rotor blades may be connected. The hub may be connected to a rotation shaft which may be con nected to an optional gearbox which in turn may be connected to an electric generator.

The mounting legs may be utilized for mounting the arrange ment at the hub component, which may in particular be or com prise a hydraulic or a hub hydraulic assembly (HHA) which may be installed within the hub. In particular, the HHA may have approximately a three-fold symmetry, wherein the symmetry ax is may be aligned with or slightly inclined relative to the rotation axis of the hub. The hub hydraulic assembly may com prise three mounting plates which mutually include an angle of 120° each on which several, in particular five, accumula tors are mounted. During normal operation, the hub hydraulic assembly rotates together with the hub and the rotor blades. The HHA may in particular supply hydraulic fluid for actuat ing a pitch system for pitching the blades.

The connection means at the upper portion of the mounting legs may be configured in a number of manners, such as com prising a clamp, bolts or an engagement or clipping mecha nism. The connection to the hub component may be performed by maintenance personnel or service personnel in an easy manner.

The first pair of the mounting legs may be arranged (when the arrangement is mounted at the hub component) to be oriented closer to the tip of the hub than the second pair of mounting legs .

The accumulator to be exchanged may be mounted at the mount ing plate of the hub hydraulic assembly. Thereby, the mount ing plate may be tilted relative to a horizontal direction or horizontal plane by for example 13°. The hub itself may be tilted by for example 6° together with the nacelle on the wind turbine tower. The arrangement may support a tilt of the accumulator to be exchanged in a range from for example 0° to 20°. Depending on the tilt, the length of the first pair of mounting legs and the second pair of mounting legs may be adapted. In particular, the larger the tilt is, the larger may be the difference between the length of the first pair of mounting legs and the second pair of mounting legs.

The first bar and the second bar may in particular run sub stantially perpendicular to an extension of the first pair of mounting legs and second pair of mounting legs. The first bar as well as the second bar may substantially be straight bars. All components of the arrangement may be manufactured from a metal, such as steel.

The elongate resting structure may be configured for carrying one (single) accumulator. The elongate resting structure may have in a cross-section a tray-like shape for accompanying the accumulator. The resting structure may substantially be oriented such that a longitudinal direction of the resting structure is substantially perpendicular to longitudinal di rections of the first bar and the second bar. The resting structure may be shifted without changing its orientation in a parallel manner in a direction of the longitudinal direc tion of the first bar or the second bar. By placing the rest ing structure at different positions, accumulators mounted at an accumulator mounting plate at different positions may be exchanged in an easy manner.

The resting structure may have at or close to respective ends engagement portions which may engage with the first bar and the second bar, respectively, allowing shifting the resting structure in a parallel manner along the longitudinal direc tion of the first bar and the second bar.

The arrangement may be mounted at the hub component such that the resting structure is located in a distance between for example 25 cm and 2 m below the position where the accumula tor to be exchanged is mounted at the accumulator mounting plate of the hub hydraulic assembly. Thereby, the accumulator to be exchanged may be required to be only lowered by a rela tively short distance until the accumulator reaches the rest ing structure at which it can be placed and carried. Thus, a safe and reliable exchange, i.e. removal of an old accumula tor and installation of a new accumulator is enabled by the arrangement .

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the ar rangement is configured to temporarily fix the resting struc ture at one of plural positions along the first bar and the second bar, the plural positions matching plural positions of plural accumulators fixed in a hub hydraulic assembly.

Fixing the resting structure at one of plural positions may be achieved by different constructive measures. For example, one or more barriers may be provided which may be temporarily fixed at the first bar or the second bar to restrict the resting structure at a particular position. Further, one or more plungers of fixing pins may be provided. When the rest ing structure is enabled to be temporarily fixed at one of plural positions, advantageously, accumulators to be ex changed placed at different locations of a hub hydraulic as sembly may easily be removed by shifting the resting struc ture to the position of the accumulator to be exchanged.

Thereby, the accumulator to be exchanged may only be required to be lowered, i.e. moved in the vertical direction, to reach the resting structure without requiring moving the accumula tor also in a direction lateral thereto, i.e. in the horizon tal direction or plane. Thereby, removal and/or replacements of an accumulator may be facilitated.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, for tem porarily fixing the resting structure the arrangement com prises at least one fixing pin, wherein at least one of the first beam and the second beam comprises plural holes, where in a slide engagement portion of the resting structure com prises at least one through hole, wherein the at least one fixing pin is leadable through the through hole of the slide engagement portion and one of the plural through holes of the first and/or second beam for fixing the resting structure at one of the plural positions.

The fixing pin may be inserted into the holes by maintenance personnel. The plural holes in the first bar and/or the sec ond bar may have a distance being equal to the distance of the different positions of the accumulators as mounted at the accumulator mounting plate. Thereby, different configurations of a hub hydraulic assembly may be supported.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the ar rangement is configured to, when mounted at the hub compo nent, orient the elongate resting structure such as to carry the accumulator in the horizontal orientation.

When the accumulator is oriented in the horizontal plane when carried by the resting structure, the risk may be avoided that the accumulator slides away from or off the resting structure due to gravity. Thereby, a safe operation may be enabled .

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the first pair of mounting legs is longer than the second pair of mounting legs. Thereby, it may be enabled to support removing and/or replacing an accumulator from a hydraulic hub assembly in which the accumulators are mounted tilted relative to the horizontal plane. The higher the tilt of the mounted accumu lators is, the longer the first pair of mounting legs is than the second pair of mounting legs.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, a first leg of the first pair and/or a first leg of the second pair: extends at a lower portion substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the first beam; has a kink in a middle portion; and extends beyond the kink to the upper por tion tilted by between 5° and 15°, with respect to the exten sion direction in the lower portion. The kink in the middle portion of the first leg of the first pair and/or the first leg of the second pair may be adapted to be compatible with the tilt of the stored accumulators. When the arrangement is mounted at the hub component, the lower portion may substantially extend in the vertical direc tion. When the upper portion of the first leg of the first pair and/or the first leg of the second pair is tilted by be tween 5° and 15°, an engagement portion may engage an accumu lator mounting plate which may be tilted between 5° and 15° relative to the horizontal plane. Thus, conventionally ap plied configurations of a hub hydraulic assembly may be sup ported .

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the hub component is a hub hydraulic assembly comprising an accumula tor mounting plate on which plural accumulators are fixed.

The arrangement may exclusively be mounted at portions of the accumulator mounting plate without requiring mounting at still further components of the hub. Thus, the arrangement may be configured to be compatible with a particular hub hy draulic assembly, in particular accumulator mounting plate comprised therein. Thereby, great flexibility may be

achieved, since the arrangement may not be required to be compatible with any other structures or components of the hub or within the hub.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the con nection means at the upper portion of the first leg of the first pair and/or the first leg of the second pair comprises a clamp configured to engage the accumulator mounting plate.

The clamp may merely comprise engagement plates which may be spaced apart from each other such as to enclose therein a portion of the accumulator mounting plate. In other embodi ments, the clamp may comprise pressing means which may allow to press two gripping surfaces towards each other to engage therein the mounting plate and hold it due to the pressing force. A clamp may be a conventional connection means, there by reducing the complexity of the arrangement.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the clamp comprises two parallel plan gripping portions shiftable towards each other having the accumulator mounting plate in between. The plane gripping portions may be shiftable relative to each other and then fixable upon applying a pressure or pressing force to two opposed surfaces of the accumulator mounting plate. Thereby, a reliable fixation may be achieved.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the con nection means at the upper portion of a second leg of the first pair and/or a second leg of the second pair comprises a bolt and/or a hole for a bolt. The bolts may be inserted and tightened by maintenance personnel. In contrast, the connec tion means at the upper portion of the first leg of the first pair and/or the first leg of the second pair may not require tightening actions performed by maintenance personnel, there by simplifying the installation of the arrangement within the hub .

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the resting structure is shorter than the accumulator and/or wherein the accumulator substantially has a cylindrical shape. When the resting structure is shorter than the accumu lator, the accumulator may be lowered while carrying the ac cumulator close to its ends by strings or tires without col liding with the resting structure. When the accumulator has a cylindrical shape, it may safely be carried in the resting structure. Furthermore, conventionally available accumulators are thereby supported.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the resting structure has a central resting portion arranged, when the arrangement is mounted at the hub component, in a horizontal plane and two portions adjacent to the central portion slanted in their width direction upwards. Most of the weight of the accumulator may rest on the central resting portion, while the two portions adjacent to the cen tral portion of the resting structure may ensure that the ac cumulator does not fall (or roll) off the resting structure.

According to an embodiment of the present invention, the ar rangement further comprises an extension resting structure hookable at one end to the first beam to be in alignment with the resting structure and having at another end two floor legs to be put on a horizontal auxiliary structure floor, in particular of a maintenance frame or service platform.

The extension resting structure may allow to convey the accu mulator to be exchanged further away, in particular towards a maintenance platform or service platform where the accumula tor to be exchanged may be received from maintenance person nel. Thereupon, a new accumulator may be put onto the exten sion resting structure and may be shifted along the longitu dinal direction of the extension resting structure to reach the resting structure from which it may be raised using strings or tires which may be put around ends of the accumu lator .

According to an embodiment of the present invention it is provided a hub hydraulic assembly comprising an accumulator mounting plate and an arrangement according to one of the aforementioned or described embodiments. Furthermore, a wind turbine comprising the hub hydraulic assembly installed in a hub is provided.

It should be understood, that features, individually or in any combination, disclosed, described or mentioned in the context of an arrangement for exchanging a hydraulic fluid accumulator installed within a hub of a wind turbine may also apply, individually or in any combination, to a method of ex changing a hydraulic fluid accumulator installed within a hub of a wind turbine according to embodiments of the present in vention and vice versa.

According to an embodiment of the present invention it is provided a method of exchanging a hydraulic fluid accumulator installed within a hub of a wind turbine, the method compris ing: providing an arrangement for exchanging the hydraulic fluid accumulator, the arrangement having: a first bar con necting a first pair of mounting legs at a lower portion; a second bar connecting a second pair of mounting legs at a lower portion; connecting the first pair of mounting legs each having at an upper portion connection means to a hub component; connecting the second pair of mounting legs each having at an upper portion connection means to a hub compo nent; moving an elongate resting structure at one end slida bly supported by the first bar and at another end slidably supported by the second bar in a parallel manner traverse, in particular perpendicular, to a longitudinal direction of the resting structure such as to be below the accumulator to be exchanged; lowering the accumulator onto the resting struc ture for carrying the accumulator.

The aspects defined above and further aspects of the present invention are apparent from the examples of embodiment to be described hereinafter and are explained with reference to the examples of embodiment. The invention will be described in more detail hereinafter with reference to examples of embodi ment but to which the invention is not limited.

Brief Description of the Drawings

Fig. 1 schematically illustrates in a perspective view an ar rangement for exchanging a hydraulic fluid accumulator in cluding the accumulator according to an embodiment of the present invention; Figs. 2 and 3 schematically illustrate different configura tions of an arrangement for exchanging an accumulator accord ing to an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 4 schematically illustrates in a perspective view a resting structure included in embodiments according to the present invention;

Fig. 5 schematically illustrates in a perspective view an ex tension resting structure included in an arrangement for ex changing an accumulator according to an embodiment of the present invention;

Figs. 6 to 8 illustrate an interior of a hub including an ar rangement for exchange of an accumulator according to embodi ments of the present invention.

Detailed Description

The illustration in the drawings is in schematic form. It is noted that in different figures, similar or identical ele ments are provided with the same reference signs or with ref erence signs, which are different from the corresponding ref erence signs only within the first digit.

The arrangement 100 for exchanging a hydraulic fluid accumu lator 101 according to an embodiment of the present invention illustrated in Fig. 1 comprises a first pair of mounting legs 103 including a first leg 105 and a second leg 107 of the first pair 103. The first leg 105 and the second leg 107 of the first pair 103 each have at an upper portion connection means 109, 111 respectively for connecting the respective legs to a hub component, i.e. a component inside a hub of a wind turbine. The arrangement 100 further comprises a second pair 113 of mounting legs including a first leg 115 and a second leg 117 of the second pair 113. Also the first leg 115 and the second leg 117 of the second pair 113 have at an up per portion connection means 119, 121, respectively, for con- necting the respective leg at an upper portion at a hub com ponent .

The arrangement 100 further comprises a first bar 123 con necting the first pair 103 of mounting legs 105, 107 at a lower portion of the mounting legs. The arrangement further comprises a second bar 125 connecting the second pair 113 of mounting legs 115, 117 at a lower portion. In particular, the legs 105, 107, 115, 117 are connected to the first and second bar 123, 125, respectively, such that they substantially ex tend, at least at a lower portion thereof, traverse, in par ticular perpendicular to the first bar 123 and the second bar 125.

The arrangement 100 further comprises a resting structure 127 for carrying the accumulator 101. The resting structure 127 is at one end 129 slidably supported by the first bar 123 and is at another end 131 slidably connected by the second bar 125. This enables to move the resting structure 127 in a par allel manner, such that a longitudinal axis 133 of the rest ing structure 127 remains parallel to an original longitudi nal direction, traverse, in particular perpendicular to the longitudinal direction 133 of the resting structure. The movement of the resting structure 127 is thereby enabled in directions 135 substantially being parallel to the longitudi nal axis of the first bar 123 and the second bar 125.

The arrangement 100 is further configured to temporarily fix the resting structure 127 at one of plural positions along the first bar 123 and the second bar 125. For this purpose, the first bar 123 comprises plural holes 137 and also a slide engagement portion 139 of the resting structure comprises a through-hole which is best illustrated in Fig. 4 and labelled with reference sign 141. Thereby, the slide engagement por tion 139 receives the first bar 123 within an opening 143 such that the sliding arrangement 139 can slide over or along the first bar 123. A similar sliding arrangement 145 is pro vided at the other end of the resting structure to surround or at least partly surround the second beam 125. The sliding arrangement 139 further comprises a fixing pin (or plunger) 147 which is leadable through the through-hole 141 of the slide engagement portion 139 and into or through one of the plural through-holes or holes 137 (see Figs. 2 or 3, e.g.) in the first bar or first beam 123 and/or the second beam 125 for fixing the resting structure 139 at one of the plural po sitions. The pin 147 and the holes 137 may be provided on both ends of the resting structure, i.e. at the slide engage ment portion 139 as well as on the slide engagement portion 145 at the other end of the resting structure. A handle 140 at the side engagement portion 139 allows a user to shift the resting structure 127.

As can be appreciated from Fig. 1 or also from Figs. 2 and 3, the first pair 103 of mounting legs 105, 107 is slightly longer than the second pair 113 of mounting legs 115, 117. In particular, the first leg 105 of the first pair 103 is longer than the first leg 115 of the second pair 113. Furthermore, the second leg 107 of the first pair 103 is longer than the second leg 117 of the second pair 113. This enables to orient the resting structure 127 to be in a horizontal plane, if the arrangement 100 is mounted at a hub component which is tilted relative to the horizontal plane.

As can also be appreciated from Fig. 1, the first leg 105 of the first pair and also the first leg 115 of the second pair 113 extend at a lower portion substantially perpendicular to a longitudinal direction 135 of the first beam 123 and also of a longitudinal direction of the second beam 125. Further, these legs 105, 115 have a respective kink 149, 151 at a mid dle portion thereof from which portion or from which kink 149, 151 upwards the respective upper portion of the respec tive leg is tilted by between 5° and 15° with respect to the extension direction 153 of the lower portion of the respec tive leg 105, 115, respectively. At the upper portion, the respective leg 105, 115 extends in the direction 155 inclined with respect to the extension direction 153 at the lower por- tion. The kinks enable to mount the upper portion of the re spective leg 105, 115 using the mounting or connection means 109, 119, respectively, in a simple manner, for example to an accumulator mounting plate of a hub hydraulic assembly as will be illustrated or described with respect to Figs. 6 to 9.

The connection means 119, 109 of the legs 115, 105, respec tively, comprise a respective clamp configured to engage an accumulator mounting plate which may be present within the hub of the wind turbine. In particular, the clamps 119, 109 comprise two parallel plan gripping portions 157, 159 which may or may not be shiftable towards each other having the ac cumulator mounting plate in between. The clamps 119, 109 may comprise pressing means to press together the plan gripping portions 157, 159 or the gripping portion may have a prede termined distance from each other which may be fixed such that they can receive the accumulator mounting plate in be tween without applying pressure forces.

As can also be appreciated from Fig. 1, the connection means

111, 121 at the upper portion of the second leg 107 of the first pair 103 and the second leg 117 of the second pair 113 comprises a bolt 161 and/or may comprise a hole for a bolt. Thereby, the upper portion of the second legs 107, 117 of the first pair 103 and the second pair 113 may merely be bolted to the hub component, in particular by leading the bolt 161 through a through-hole and fixing it with a nut.

As can also be appreciated from Fig. 1, the resting structure

127 is shorter than the accumulator having a length 'la' , while the resting structure has a length 'lr'. Thereby, it is enabled to support the accumulator 101 during the exchange procedure at respective end portions of the accumulator by a string or a wire.

Figs. 2 and 3 illustrate the arrangement 100 illustrated in Fig. 1 wherein the resting structure 127 is fixed at two dif- ferent positions for exchanging accumulators mounted at dif ferent positions within the hub, in particular at different positions at an accumulator mounting plate of a hydraulic hub assembly. In particular, the resting structure 127 is shifted and fixed in Fig. 2 close to the lower portion of the first leg 105 of the first pair 103 and the first leg 115 of the second pair, while the resting structure is shifted and fixed close to the second leg 107 of the first pair 103 and close to the second leg 117 of the second pair 113. To fix the po sition of the resting structure, the pin 147 in the slide en gagement portion 139 is inserted in one of the plural holes 137 in the first beam 123.

As can be seen in Figs. 2, 3 and 4, the resting structure 127 has a central resting portion 163 which is, when the arrange ment 100 is mounted at the hub component, in a horizontal plane. Further, the resting structure 127 has two portions 165, 167 adjacent to the central portion 163 and slanted in their width direction upwards, in order to avoid that an ac cumulator placed onto the resting structure 127 falls off the resting structure. The central resting portion 163 as well as the adjacent portions 165, 167 are fixed using bolts 169 to frame elements 171.

Fig. 5 illustrate in a perspective view an extension resting structure 173 which may be included in an arrangement for ex changing an accumulator according to an embodiment of the present invention. Thereby, the extension resting structure 173 may be utilized in combination with the arrangement parts illustrated in Figs. 1 to 4.

In particular, the extension resting structure 173 comprises a hook portion 175 via which the extension resting structure is hookable at one end to the first beam 123 illustrated in Fig. 1 in particular substantially aligned with the resting structure 127. At another end, the extension resting struc ture 173 has two floor legs 177 to be put on a (e.g. horizon tal) auxiliary structure floor. The extension resting struc- ture 173 has a similar resting structure comprising a central resting portion 179 and two adjacent slanted portions 181 which together may carry an in particular cylindrical accumu lator .

Figs. 6 to 8 illustrate an arrangement 100 for exchanging an accumulator according to an embodiment of the present inven tion when installed within a hub of the wind turbine during a removal/exchange procedure for removing/exchanging an accumu lator. Within the hub, a hub hydraulic assembly 183 is in stalled. In the illustrated example the hub hydraulic assem bly 183 comprises three accumulator mounting plates 185 which are oriented and installed such that they substantially form a triangle when viewed in cross-section or viewed along a di rection of a rotation axis 187 of the hub and thus rotation axis of the rotor shaft. In particular, the hub hydraulic as sembly 183 has at least approximately three fold symmetry having the symmetry axis aligned with the rotation axis 187.

At each accumulator mounting plate 185, five cylindrical ac cumulators are installed and provide supply of hydraulic flu id during normal operation of the wind turbine during which they rotate together with the hub around the rotation axis 187. For exchanging one of the accumulators 101, the arrange ment 100 for exchanging an accumulator has been installed within the hub by mounting it to one of the accumulator mounting plates 185, in particular the one which is oriented downwards. For connecting the arrangement 100 to the mounting plate 185, the connection means 109, 119 engage a portion of the mounting plate 185 such that one of the gripping portions 157 is above and one of the gripping portions 159 is below the mounting plate.

While the arrangement 100 is mounted within the hub, the resting structure is oriented in the horizontal plane. It should be noted, that the horizontal plane is not necessarily parallel to the plane of the accumulator mounting plate 185, since the whole hub and/or the hub hydraulic assembly 183 may be tilted relative to the horizontal plane, such as between 5° and 15°. By having the different lengths of the legs of the first pair and the second pair, this tilt is balanced, such that advantageously the resting structure 127 is ar ranged and oriented within a horizontal plane, facilitating supporting an accumulator 101 to be exchanged.

In the illustrated exchange procedure, also the extension resting structure 173 has been hooked at one end to the first bar 123 to extend the conveying trail along which the accumu lator to be removed/exchanged is to be transported. The two floor legs 177 of the extension resting structure are put on a horizontal auxiliary structure floor 189, such as a floor of a maintenance or service platform 190.

Fig. 7 illustrates a view inside the hub with the installed exchange arrangement 100 from the backward side having the second leg 107 of the first pair 107 and the second leg 117 of the second pair in the foreground. As can be seen in Fig. 7, the bolts 161 at the upper portion of the legs 107, 117 are connected to an additional plate 191 which is bolted to the accumulator mounting plate 185 approximately perpendicu lar to the plate 185.

Figs. 6 and 7 illustrate a method step during removing one of the accumulators 101, as the accumulator has been lowered from the accumulator mounting plate 185 to the horizontally oriented resting structure 127. In a next step, as illustrat ed in Fig. 8, the accumulator 101 is shifted along the rest ing structure 127 to reach the extension resting structure 173 which extends towards the service platform at which the accumulator may be received by maintenance or service person nel. The removed accumulator 101 may then be replaced with a new accumulator which may be transported using the arrange ment 100 and may be raised to the accumulator mounting plate and fixed thereon. Accumulators may for example be mounted 13° tilted on a hub hydraulic assembly and the hub may in total be tilted 6° to gether with the nacelle on the turbine tower. The exchange tool or exchange arrangement may give the accumulator in a horizontal position when it is on the resting point. Two legs of the exchange tool may be attached to the hub hydraulic as sembly frame without any additional joint tools and the other two legs may be fastened on the frame by two bolts so that the exchange tool may be stable under the hub hydraulic as sembly frame. There may be two traversal beams between left legs and right legs which may give the accumulator a horizon tal orientation. Between the two beams there may be a car riage (also called resting structure) which may hold the ac cumulator in a stable fashion. The carriage may move left to right to reach different storing positions of accumulators. The carriage may comprise a plunger (also called a fixing pin) which may stop the carriage in five or more positions right under the five accumulators as mounted at the accumula tor mounting plate. The extension resting structure (also called gutter) may be attached to the bar on one side and two legs thereof may be put on a service platform. Since there may be cables and hoses for the hub hydraulic assembly, the pathway may be limited as is illustrated in Figs. 6 to 8.

With the exchange arrangement, plural accumulators, such as five accumulators, may be extracted and transported using one pathway. The arrangement may provide safer accumulator ex change operations to technicians. Further, the exchange pro cess using the exchange arrangement will be faster and easier for the service so that the whole turbine stop time may be reduced .

It should be noted that the term "comprising" does not ex clude other elements or steps and "a" or "an" does not ex clude a plurality. Also elements described in association with different embodiments may be combined. It should also be noted that reference signs in the claims should not be con strued as limiting the scope of the claims.