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Title:
IMAGING OPTICAL SYSTEM
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2012/025365
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
An imaging optical system (12) for EUV projection lithography has a plurality of mirrors (M1-M4) for imaging an object field (4) in an object plane (5) in an image field (13) in an image plane (14). An image-side numerical aperture of the imaging optical system is at least 0.3. The imaging optical system has a pupil obscuration, which is greater than 0.40. The imaging optical system has an image filed size of at least 1 mm x 10 mm. An imaging optical system results, with which the imaging of an object is possible with high imaging quality.

Inventors:
MÜLLER, Ralf (Dr.-Bosch-Strasse 6, Aalen, 73430, DE)
MANN, Hans-Jürgen (Katzenbachstrasse 49, Oberkochen, 73447, DE)
Application Number:
EP2011/063663
Publication Date:
March 01, 2012
Filing Date:
August 09, 2011
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
CARL ZEISS SMT GMBH (Rudolf-Eber-Strasse 2, Oberkochen, 73447, DE)
MÜLLER, Ralf (Dr.-Bosch-Strasse 6, Aalen, 73430, DE)
MANN, Hans-Jürgen (Katzenbachstrasse 49, Oberkochen, 73447, DE)
International Classes:
G03F7/20; G02B17/06
Domestic Patent References:
WO2009052932A1
WO2006069725A1
WO2006069725A1
Foreign References:
EP0267766A2
US6894834B2
GB541650A
US20100195076A1
US6894834B2
EP0267766A2
US20070058269A1
Other References:
HANS-JURGEN MANN: "Reflective high-NA projection lenses", PROCEEDINGS OF SPIE, vol. 5962, 1 January 2005 (2005-01-01), pages 596214-596214-8, XP055009612, ISSN: 0277-786X, DOI: 10.1117/12.625196
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
RAU, SCHNECK & HÜBNER (Königstrasse 2, Nürnberg, 90402, DE)
Download PDF:
Claims:
Claims

1. Imaging optical system (12; 39; 43) for EUV projection lithography with a plurality of mirrors (M1-M4, M1-M6) for imaging an object field (4) into an object plane (5) in an image field (13) in an image plane (14),

with an image-side numerical aperture of at least 0.3,

with a pupil obscuration, which is greater than 0.40,

characterised by an image field size of at least 1 mm x 10 mm.

2. Imaging optical system according to claim 1, characterised in that the plurality of mirrors comprises precisely four mirrors (M1-M4).

3. Imaging optical system according to claim 1 or 2, characterised by a reducing imaging scale of at least 4x between the object field (4) and the image field (13).

4. Imaging optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 3,

characterised by a wavefront error over the image field (13) of at

5. Imaging optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 4,

characterised by at least one intermediate image plane (40). 6. Imaging optical system (12; 43) for EUV projection lithography

with precisely four mirrors (M1-M4) for imaging an object field (4) in an object plane (5) in an image field (13) in an image plane (14),

with an image-side numerical aperture, which is at least 0.3, with an image field size, which is at least 1 mm x 10 mm, with a wavefront error of at most 100 m rms.

7. Imaging optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 6,

characterised in that the reflecting surface of at least one of the mirrors (M1-M4; M1-M6) is configured as a freeform face.

8. Imaging optical system according to any one of claims 1 to 6,

characterised in that the reflecting surfaces of all the mirrors (Ml- M4; M1-M6) are configured as rotationally symmetrical faces.

9. Optical system,

with an imaging optical system (12; 39; 43) according to any one of claims 1 to 8,

- with an illumination optical system (6; 22; 28; 36) for transferring illumination light (3) of an EUV light source (2) to the object field (4)·

10. Optical system according to claim 9, characterised in that a mirror (Ml) is used with an imaging mirror portion for guiding imaging light

(3) in the beam path between the object field (4) and the image field (13) and with an illumination mirror portion (20) to guide illumination light (3) in the beam path between the light source (2) and the object field (4).

11. Optical system according to either of claims 9 or 10, characterised by a configuration such that a reticle (8), through which the illumination light (3) is transmitted, can be arranged in the object field (4).

12. Projection exposure system (1)

with an optical system according to any one of claims 9 to 11, with an EUV light source (2),

with a reticle holder (8a) for holding a reticle (8),

- with a wafer holder (15a) for holding a wafer (15).

13. Projection exposure system according to claim 12, characterised in that the reticle holder (29a) is configured to receive a reticle (8), through which the illumination light (3) is transmitted.

14. Method for producing a structured component having the following method steps: providing a reticle (8) and a wafer (15),

projecting a structure on the reticle (8) onto a light-sensitive layer of the wafer (15) with the aid of the projection exposure system (1) according to claim 12 or 13,

Producing a micro structure or nanostructure on the wafer (15). 15. Structured component, produced by a method according to claim 14.

Description:
Imaging optical system

The invention relates to an imaging optical system for EUV projection lithography. Furthermore, the invention relates to an optical system with an imaging optical system of this type and an illumination optical system, a projection exposure system with an optical system of this type, a production method for a structured component using a projection exposure system of this type and a microstructured or nanostructured component produced by a method of this type.

Imaging optical systems of the type mentioned at the outset are known from US 6,894,834 B2 and EP 0 267 766 A2.

An object of the present invention is to develop an imaging optical system of the type mentioned at the outset in such a way that the imaging of an object is possible with high imaging quality.

According to the invention, it was recognised that for specific imaging requirements, systems with a large pupil obscuration surprisingly offer particular advantages. Objects to be imaged, in particular lithography masks, which are also called reticles, may, for example, consist exclusively of dense lines. Structures of this type may be imaged with imaging optical systems with high pupil obscuration with high quality. Owing to the large pupil obscuration it is possible to utilise degrees of freedom in the design of the mirrors of the imaging optical system for the mirror face which is used around the pupil obscuration and is generally annular. It has been shown that imaging optical systems with a relatively small number of mirrors, for example with four mirrors or with six mirrors are then possible, which are imaging error-corrected to an adequate extent over the field to be imaged. An imaging beam path may result, in which the illumination light impinges on the mirrors at angles of incidence in each case close to the perpendicular incidence, for example at angles of incidence, which are less than 15°, which are less than 10° or which are less than 8°, which facilitates the design of highly reflective coatings on the mirrors. The pupil obscuration is defined as the ratio of the sine of a minimal image-side aperture angle to the image-side numerical aperture of the imaging optical system. The image-side numerical aperture of the imaging optical system may be greater than 0.3. The pupil obscuration may be greater than 0.45, may be greater than 0.50 and may be greater than 0.55. An image field size of the imaging optical system is at least 1 mm x 10 mm. An image field size of this type leads to a high throughput of the imaging optical system. The image field size may, for example, be 1 mm x 13 mm or 2 mm x 26 mm. The image field size corresponds to that area in the image plane, where an image quality results which is better than a given threshold, i. e. where aberrations, e. g. the wavefront error, are below a given threshold.

In an imaging optical system with precisely four mirrors, an EUV optical system with a high throughput can be achieved because of the low number of reflective faces.

An imaging scale according to claim 3, has proven particularly suitable for projection lithography. A different reducing imaging scale between the object field and the image field than 4x is also possible, for example an imaging scale of 5x, 6x, 8x, or lOx. A wavefront error according to claim 4 fulfils the highest imaging requirements. The imaging optical system may also have a distortion of a maximum of 0.9 nm or 0.8 nm over the image field. An imaging optical system with at least one intermediate image plane, for example, allows an image- side numerical aperture which is increased again and may be 0.5, for example.

Other values of the image-side numerical aperture, for example 0.35, 0.4, greater than 0.4, 0.45 or else image-side numerical apertures of greater than 0.5 are also possible.

The advantages of an imaging optical system according to claim 6 correspond to those, which were already described above with reference to the imaging optical system according to claims 1 to 5.

A freeform face configuration according to claim 7, with a given number of mirrors of the imaging optical system, opens up further degrees of freedom for correcting imaging errors over the field.

A configuration according to claim 8 can be produced with particularly low outlay.

The advantages of an optical system according to claim 9 correspond to those, which have already been described above with reference to the imaging optical system according to the invention. The illumination light can be configured with a very small angle of a heavy beam incidence direction to a normal onto a central object field point. This leads to a good illumination quality. The angle between the heavy beam incidence direction and the normal may be at most 3°.

A configuration of the optical system according to claim 10 elegantly uses one of the mirrors simultaneously to guide the imaging light and to guide the illumination light. This allows compact designs of the optical system. The mirror with the imaging mirror portion and the illumination mirror portion is configured as a monolithic mirror. The imaging mirror portion lies in the imaging beam path. The illumination mirror portion located in the illumination beam path is disjunct with respect to this. A continuous, edge-free transition may be present between the imaging mirror portion and the illumination mirror portion. However, this is not imperative. A transition region between the two mirror portions, which is not used for beam guidance, is also possible.

The illumination optical system may have an annular intermediate focus. The symmetry of the illumination optical system may then be adapted to the symmetry of the imaging optical system. Compact and, in particular, coaxial arrangements, in which beam paths of the illumination light and the imaging light are nested in one another, are possible.

A configuration of the optical system according to claim 11, as the object does not have to be illuminated, on the one hand, and, on the other hand, imaged from the same side, leads to further freedoms in the optical design. In particular, a reflection on the object is saved, which increases the throughput of the optical system. The advantages of a projection exposure system according to claim 12 correspond to those which have already been described above in conjunction with the imaging optical system and the optical system. The advantages of a projection exposure system according to claim 13 correspond to those of the optical system according to claim 11.

The advantages of a production method according to claim 14 and a component according to claim 15 correspond to those which have already been described above with reference to the projection exposure system according to the invention. The light source may be an EUV (Extreme Ultraviolet) light source, for example an LPP (Laser Produced Plasma) light source, or a GDP (Gas Discharge Produced Plasma) light source. Embodiments of the invention will be described in more detail below with the aid of the drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 schematically shows a projection exposure system for EUV lithography, an imaging optical system of the projection exposure system being shown in meridional section perpendicular to the long sides of the object and the image field;

Fig. 2 shows the imaging optical system according to Fig. 1 in meridional section perpendicular to the short sides of the object and the image field; Fig. 3 shows, in a view similar to Fig. 1, a further configuration of the projection exposure system, also configured to illuminate a reflective reticle; Fig. 4 and 5 show, in a view similar to Fig. 1 and 3, two configurations of the projection exposure system, configured to illuminate a reticle in transmission, in other words for illumination transmitted through; Fig. 6 shows a further configuration of an imaging optical system for use in a projection exposure system according to Fig. 1 to 5, shown in meridional section perpendicular to the long sides of the object field and the image field, an input coupling mirror for the illumination light for illuminating a reflective reticle also being shown by dashed lines;

Fig. 7 shows, in a view similar to Fig. 2, the imaging optical system according to Fig. 6; and Fig. 8 shows a further configuration of an imaging optical system for use in a projection exposure system according to Fig. 1 to 5, shown in meridional section perpendicular to the long sides of the object field and the image field. A projection exposure system 1 for lithographic projection exposure for producing a microstructured or nanostructured component has a light source 2 for illumination light or imaging light 3. The light source 2 is an EUV light source, which produces light in a wavelength range of, for example, between 5 nm and 30 nm, in particular between 5 nm and 15 nm. The light source 2 may, in particular, be a light source with a wavelength of 6.9 nm or 13.5 nm. Other EUV wavelengths are also possible. Other wavelengths, which are used in lithography and are available for the suitable light sources, are also possible for the illumination or imaging light 3 that is guided in the projection exposure system 1. A beam path of the illumination light 3 is shown extremely schematically in Fig. 1.

An illumination optical system 6 is used to guide the illumination light 3 from the light source 2 to an object field 4 in an object plane 5. Apart from an input coupling mirror 7, which is the last component of the illumination optical system 6 before the object field 4 in the beam path of the

illumination light 3, the components of the illumination optical system 6 are schematically combined together to form a block in Fig. 1. The input coupling mirror 7 is designed as a grazing incidence mirror. The

illumination light 3 emitted by the light or radiation source 2 is firstly collected by a collector. An intermediate focus in the illumination beam path is typically arranged downstream of the collector. The illumination beam path may also be configured without the intermediate focus and with a collimated output of the illumination light 3 from the collector. A spectral filtering of the illumination light 3 may take place in the region of the collector or the intermediate focus. A first mirror of the illumination optical system 6 is arranged downstream of the intermediate focus in the illumination beam path. This first illumination optical system mirror may be configured as a field facet mirror. A second mirror of the illumination optical system 6 is arranged downstream of the first illumination optical system mirror in the illumination beam path. The second illumination optical system mirror may be a pupil facet mirror. Alternatively, an illumination optical system without a facetted mirror and/or with a switchable micromirror array (Micro-Electro-Mechanical System, MEMS) may be used. The input coupling mirror 7 of the illumination optical system 6 is arranged downstream of the second illumination optical system mirror in the illumination beam path. The input coupling mirror 7 may be held by a holder corresponding to a holder known from Fig. Ik, 11 and lm of WO 2006/069 725 A.

The input coupling mirror 7 guides the illumination light 3 to the object field 4. A reflective object 8 in the form of a reticle or a lithography mask is arranged there. A heavy beam incidence direction 9 of a bundle of the illumination light 3 impinging on the reticle 8 encloses a very small angle with a normal 10 onto the object plane 5. The heavy beam incidence direction 9 thus encloses with the normal 10 an angle that is smaller than 3° and may also be precisely 0° in a variant of the configuration according to Fig. 1. Other angles between the heavy beam incidence direction 9 and the normal 10 are also possible with slightly modified designs of the illumination optical system 6, for example angles between the heavy beam incidence direction 9 and the normal 10, which are 2.5°, 2°, 1.5°, 1° or 0.5°. Edge beams 11 (cf Fig. 1) of the bundle of illumination light 3, which impinges on the reticle 8, enclose an angle with the normal 10, which is smaller than 4°. The bundle of illumination light 3, which impinge on the reticle 8, thus has a maximum angle of incidence on the object field 4, which is smaller than 4°. An imaging optical system 12 in the form of a projection optical system for guiding the imaging light 3 and to image the reticle 8 in an image field 13 in an image plane 14 is arranged downstream of the object field 4 in the beam path of the projection exposure system 1. The image plane 14 runs parallel to the object plane 5.

The imaging by means of the imaging optical system 12 takes place on the surface of a substrate in the form of a wafer 15. The reticle 8 and the wafer 15 are carried by holders, not shown in detail. The reticle holder is schematically shown in Fig. 1 at 8a and the wafer holder is schematically shown in Fig. 1 at 15a. The projection exposure system 1 is of the scanner type. Both the reticle 8 and the wafer 15 are scanned during operation of the projection exposure system 1, on the one hand, in the object plane 5 and, on the other hand, in the image plane 14. A stepper type of projection exposure system 1, in which a step-wise displacement, on the one hand, of the reticle 8 and, on the other hand, of the wafer 15 takes place between individual exposures of the wafer 15, is also possible. Fig. 1 and 2 show the optical design of a first configuration of the imaging optical system 12. The beam path is shown of more than thirty individual beams 16 of the imaging light 3, which proceed from a central object field point and from two object field points in each case defining the two opposing edges of the object field.

The imaging optical system 12 according to Fig. 1 to 5 has a total of four mirrors, which are numbered consecutively by Ml to M4 in the order of the beam path of the individual beams 16, proceeding from the object field 4. The reflection faces of the mirrors Ml to M4 calculated in the design of the imaging optical system are shown in Fig. 1 to 5. Only a section of these faces shown is used, as can be seen in Fig. 1 to 5, in particular in the mirrors Ml and M4. The mirrors M2 and M3 in each case have a through-opening 17, 18 for the imaging light 3 to pass through. The mirrors M2 and M3 are thus obscured mirrors. In particular in regions of the imaging optical system 12 close to the pupil, the bundle of imaging light 3, because of this obscuration, has an inner region, in which no individual beams 16 are present. An inner free region 19 of this type, through which the normal 10 and the incidence heavy beam 9 run, is present between the mirror Ml and the object field 4. The input coupling mirror 7 is arranged in this free region 19. The input coupling mirror 7 couples the illumination light 3 through the through- opening 17 in the mirror M2 of the imaging optical system 12.

A main beam of a central object field point not belonging to the beam path because of the obscuration, in the imaging optical system 12, has a main beam angle of 0°. This means that this main beam of the central object field point coincides with the normal 10 on the object plane 5.

The two mirrors Ml and M4 have reflection faces which are closed, in other words without a through-opening. The reflection faces of the mirrors Ml and M4 are in each case used at the edge, in other words outside a central region 20, 21 not impinged upon by the individual beams 16.

Optical design data on the imaging optical system 12 will be summarised in a table below, said data having been obtained with the aid of the optical design programme Code V ® . The mirrors Ml to M4 of the imaging optical system 12 are configured as freeform faces which cannot be described by a rotationally symmetrical function. Other configurations of the imaging optical system 12 are also possible, in which at least one of the mirrors Ml to M4 has a freeform reflection face of this type. Configurations of the imaging optical system 12 are also possible, in which none of the mirrors Ml to M4 has a freeform reflection face of this type and is configured, for example, as a sphere or as a rotationally symmetrical asphere. A freeform face of this type can be produced from a rotationally

symmetrical reference face. Freeform faces of this type for reflection faces of the mirrors of projection optical systems of projection exposure systems for microlithography are known from US 2007-0058269 Al. The freeform face may be mathematically described by the following equation: cr ■2 N C,

y, -X

l + l - (l + k)c 2 r 2 j N t radius wherein:

(m + n) 2 + m + 3n „

J = - - + 1

Z is the arrow height of the freeform face at the point x, y (x 2 + y 2 = r 2 ) c is a constant, which corresponds to the summit of the curve of a corresponding asphere. k corresponds to a conical constant of a

corresponding asphere. C j are the coefficients of the monomials X m Y n . Typically, the values of c, k and C j are determined on the basis of the desired optical properties of the mirror within the projection optical system 12. N radius is a standardisation factor for the coefficients C j . The order of the monomial, m + n, can be varied as desired. A monomial of a higher order can lead to a design of the projection optical system with better image error correction, but is more complex to calculate, m + n may adopt values between 3 and more than 20.

Freeform faces may also be mathematically described by Zernicke polynomials, which are described, for example, in the manual of the optical design programme CODE V ® . Alternatively, freeform faces may be described with the aid of two-dimensional spline surfaces. Examples of this are Bezier curves or non-uniform rational basis splines (NURBS). Two- dimensional spline surfaces may, for example, be described by a network of points in an xy-plane and associated z values or by these points and slopes associated therewith. Depending on the respective type of spline surface, the complete surface is obtained by interpolation between the network points using, for example, polynomials or functions, which have specific properties with regard to their continuity and differentiability. Examples of this are analytical functions.

The mirrors M 1 to M4 carry multiple reflection layers to optimise their reflection for the impinging EUV illumination light 3. The reflection can be all the better optimised, the closer is the impingement angle of the individual beams 16 onto the mirror surfaces to the perpendicular incidence.

The first of the following tables, with respect to the optical surfaces of the optical components and to the aperture stop, in each case, gives the reciprocal value of the summit of the curve (radius) and a distance value (thickness), which corresponds to the z-spacing of adjacent elements in the beam path, proceeding from the object plane. The second table gives the coefficients C j of the monomials X m Y n in the freeform face equation given above for the mirrors Ml to M4.

The imaging optical system 12 has a reducing imaging scale of 4x between the object field 4 and the image field 13. An image-side numerical aperture of the imaging optical system 12 is 0.33. The image field 13, in the imaging optical system 12, has a size of 2 mm x 26 mm. The size of the image field 13 is at least 1 mm x 10 mm. The image field 13 is rectangular.

A long side of the image field 13 with an extent of 26 mm runs in the drawing plane of Fig. 2. A short side of the image field 13 with an extent of 2 mm runs in the drawing plane of Fig. 1. The imaging optical system 12 has a pupil obscuration of 0.70. This pupil obscuration is defined as the ratio of a sine of a minimum image field-side aperture angle a to the image-side numerical aperture of the imaging optical system 12. The minimum image-side aperture angle a (cf Fig. 1) is the angle between the normal 10 onto the image plane 5 and the individual beam 16 with the smallest image-side angle of incidence.

Other values for the pupil obscuration, which are greater than 0.50, are also possible.

A wavefront error over the entire image field 13 in the imaging optical system 12 is at most 100 m rms (root means square) for a design wavelength of 13.5 nm. A distortion of the imaging optical system 12 is always less than 0.9 nm over the image field 13.

An alternative illumination of the object field 4 within the projection exposure system 1 using the imaging optical system 12 will be described below with the aid of Fig. 3. Components corresponding to those which have already been described above with reference to Fig. 1 and 2 have the same reference numerals and will not be discussed again in detail.

Guiding components of an illumination optical system 22, which are shown schematically in Fig. 3 as a block 22a, are configured such that an annular intermediate focus 23 of the illumination light 3 is produced. The annular intermediate focus 23 may, for example, be produced by a so-called "swept conic" (conical design with a curved reflective wall face in the section containing the rotational axis) from a point-like light source. Proceeding from the intermediate focus 23, the illumination light 3, for which, analogously to the view in Fig. 1, from the intermediate focus 23 in the meridional section according to Fig. 3, an inner and an outer edge beam 11 are shown, impinges on a field facet mirror 24 arranged annularly about the normal 10 onto the central object field point. After reflection on the field facet mirror 24, the illumination light 3 impinges on a pupil facet mirror 25 also annularly arranged about the normal 10. The field facet mirror 24 has a through-opening 26, which is so large that the imaging light 3, which is reflected by the mirror M2 to the mirror M3, passes through it.

The pupil facet mirror 25 has a through-opening 27, which is so large that the latter has imaging light 3 passing through it in the beam path between the object field 4 and the mirror Ml. The pupil facet mirror 25 is arranged inside the through-opening 17 of the mirror M2.

After reflection on the pupil facet mirror 25, the illumination light 3 is reflected from the central region 20 of the mirror Ml of the imaging optical system 12 to the object field 4. The heavy beam incidence direction 9 of the bundle of illumination light 3 impinging on the reticle 8 is located precisely on the normal 10 on the central object field point of the object field 4. The heavy beam incidence direction 9 therefore encloses the angle 0° with the normal 10 in the configuration according to Fig. 3.

With the aid of Fig. 4, an alternative illumination of the object field 4 will be described below within the projection exposure system 1 using the imaging optical system 12. Components corresponding to those which have already been described above with reference to Fig. 1 and 2, have the same reference numerals and will not be discussed again in detail.

An illumination optical system 28 according to Fig. 4 is designed to illuminate a reticle 29 in transmission, in other words a reticle 29, through which the illumination light 3 is transmitted in the object field 4.

The illumination optical system 28, the guiding components of which are in turn combined to form a block 28a in Fig. 4, produces an intermediate focus in an intermediate focus plane 30. Proceeding from this intermediate focus, the illumination light 3 is firstly reflected on a field facet mirror 31 and then on a pupil facet mirror 32 and is then transmitted through the reticle 29. In an insert to Fig. 4, the reticle 29 is shown in a plan view. The reticle 29 has an outer holding frame 33. A large number of thin parallel wires 34 are spanned between opposing edge-side frame webs. Empty spaces 35 are present between adjacent wires 34. In the schematic view of the insert to Fig. 4, the wires 34 and the empty spaces are shown with an exaggerated width. In fact, an extremely large number of wires 34 of this type are present, so both the width of the wires and the spacing between the wires is in the micrometre range or even below this.

Fig. 5 shows an alternative design to Fig. 4 of an illumination optical system 36 for illuminating the reticle 29 in transmission. Components corresponding to those which have already been described above with reference to Fig. 1 to 4, have the same reference numerals and will not be discussed again in detail.

In the illumination optical system 36, guiding components thereof are also schematically combined to form a block 36a. After the intermediate focus plane 30, the illumination light 3 firstly impinges on an annular field facet mirror 37 and then on an annular pupil facet mirror 38 and is reflected thereby into the object field 4, where it is transmitted through the reticle 29. In the beam path between the

intermediate focus plane 30 and the field facet mirror 37, the illumination light 3 passes through a through-opening in the pupil facet mirror 38. In the beam path between the pupil facet mirror 38 and the reticle 29, the illumination light 3 passes through a through-opening in the field facet mirror 37.

In an embodiment according to Fig. 5, all the mirror faces reflecting the illumination and imaging light 3, in other words, in particular, the field facet mirror 37, the pupil facet mirror 38 and the mirrors Ml to M4 can be configured as faces, which are rotationally symmetrical about the normal 10 to the central object field point.

In the embodiment according to Fig. 4, a reticle holder 29a is configured to receive the reticle 29 through which the illumination light 3 is transmitted. Neither the illumination light 3 nor the imaging light 3 is blocked by the reticle holder 29a.

With the aid of Fig. 6 and 7, a further configuration of an imaging optical system 39 will be described below, which can be used instead of the imaging optical system 12 in the projection exposure system 1.

Components corresponding to those which have already been described above with reference to Figs. 1 to 5 have the same reference numerals and will not be discussed again in detail. The imaging optical system 39 has a total of six mirrors Ml to M6, which are numbered consecutively by Ml to M6 in the order of the beam path of the individual beams 16, proceeding from the object field 4. The reflection faces of the mirrors Ml to M6 calculated in the design of the imaging optical system 39 are in turn shown. Only one section of the faces shown of the mirrors Ml to M6 is, in each case, in turn, used.

An intermediate image plane 40 of the imaging optical system 39 is located in the beam path between the mirrors M4 and M5. The mirrors M2, M3, M5 and M6 in each case have through-openings 17, 18, 41, 42 for the imaging light 3 to pass through. The other mirrors Ml and M4 are also in each case used at the edge, so the central region 20, 21, as in the imaging optical system 12 according to Fig. 1 to 5, is not impinged upon by the imaging light 3. In principle, the design of the first four mirrors Ml to M4 of the imaging optical system 39 is similar to the design of the imaging optical system 12. The mirrors M5 and M6 are an obscured relay optical system to increase the image-side numerical aperture to a value of 0.50.

The image field 13 of the imaging optical system 39 has a size of 1 mm x 13 mm. The imaging optical system 39 reduces with an imaging factor of 8x. Depending on the design of the relay optical system with the mirrors M5 and M6, another imaging factor can also be realised. The long side of the image field 13 of the imaging optical system 39 runs in the drawing plane of Fig. 7 and the short side runs in the drawing plane of Fig. 6.

The optical design data of the imaging optical system 39 will in turn be summarised in a table below. The mathematical description of the freeform faces corresponds to those which have already been described above with reference to the embodiments according to Fig. 1 to 5. The structure of the tables for the configuration according to Fig. 6 and 7 also corresponds to that with respect to the configuration according to Fig. 1 to 5.

Surface Radius Distance value Operating mode object plane INFINITE 1924.599

Ml 1166.055 -1008.290 REFL

M2 1407.221 0.000 REFL

stop INFINITE 1479.641

M3 274.802 -200.000 REFL

M4 440.953 621.670 REFL

M5 -2139.439 -275.414 REFL

M6 590.813 325.414 REFL

image plane INFINITE 0.000

Coefficient Ml M2 M3

K 3.137461E+01 9.725759E-02 -7.047904E-01

Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X2 7.378066E+00 -7.166206E-01 -1.945036E-03

Y2 7.901323E+00 -5.504168E-01 2.360526E-03

X2Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

Y3 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X4 -7.828145E-02 6.591 1 18E-03 5.727904E-04

X2Y2 -6.832679E-02 -7.425390E-03 1.614149E-03

Y4 -1.819560E-02 -1.225121E-02 -1.287872E-03

X4Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X2Y3 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

Y5 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X6 -7.673374E-02 3.999186E-03 -2.764424E-04

X4Y2 -2.883221E-01 1.441305E-02 -1.512752E-03

X2Y4 -3.536469E-01 1.094338E-02 -4.903659E-04

Y6 -1.367604E-01 2.763760E-03 4.847195E-04

X6Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X4Y3 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X2Y5 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

Y7 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X8 -4.334528E-02 4.543210E-04 -2.764313E-05

X6Y2 -1.306885E-01 2.259698E-03 2.296828E-04

X4Y4 -1.505326E-01 3.821074E-03 4.795926E-04

X2Y6 -1.181 158E-01 2.710752E-03 1.693722E-04

Y8 -7.042143E-02 2.756588E-04 -1.155601E-04

X8Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X6Y3 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X4Y5 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X2Y7 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

Y9 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X10 -5.895227E-03 2.090026E-04 8.157856E-06

X8Y2 -3.674394E-02 9.457334E-04 -2.194328E-05

X6Y4 -8.188158E-02 1.703021E-03 -1.282275E-04

X4Y6 -6.939705E-02 1.582290E-03 -1.988153E-04

X2Y8 -8.174322E-03 7.991963E-04 -9.169346E-05

Y10 2.990074E-02 2.282136E-04 6.998528E-06

Nradius 1.299817E+02 3.430940E+02 3.880834E+01 Coefficient M4 M5 M6

K -1.097167E-02 7.758477E+00 2.867627E-01

Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X2 -6.970412E-07 4.443402E+00 6.713143E+00

Y2 2.695817E-07 3.576764E+00 6.435953E+00

X2Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

Y3 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X4 1.892869E-1 1 2.062571E+00 8.255535E-02

X2Y2 3.379566E-1 1 2.207828E+00 1.694564E-01

Y4 -1.070956E-10 4.737881E-01 7.840923E-02

X4Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X2Y3 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

Y5 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X6 1.358062E-16 1.323214E+00 8.181421E-04

X4Y2 -1.163835E-14 8.013364E+00 -4.351712E-02

X2Y4 -1.270577E-14 9.543790E+00 -1.776089E-02

Y6 9.642566E-15 3.455184E+00 5.034396E-04

X6Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X4Y3 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X2Y5 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

Y7 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X8 -1.510421E-19 2.978824E+00 1.518802E-03

X6Y2 2.588503E-18 7.421738E+00 1.912359E-02

X4Y4 6.666666E-18 5.918364E+00 1.844742E-02

X2Y6 5.468202E-18 2.863379E+00 -5.478091E-03

Y8 -1.102816E-19 5.514084E-01 3.891310E-03

X8Y O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X6Y3 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X4Y5 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X2Y7 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

Y9 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00

X10 2.032871E-23 -5.009193E-01 3.951301E-03

X8Y2 -1.443469E-22 -8.084060E-01 1.879087E-02

X6Y4 -6.923704E-22 1.084200E+00 3.890871E-02

X4Y6 -1.089010E-21 2.024312E+00 4.379397E-02

X2Y8 -5.705673E-22 1.092084E+00 2.402659E-02

Y10 -3.049813E-23 1.001429E-01 1.614189E-03

Nradius O.OOOOOOE+00 1.592939E+02 1.432010E+02

The central region 20 of the mirror Ml in the configuration according to Fig. 3 serves as an illumination mirror portion to guide the illumination light 3 in the beam path between the light source 2 and the object field 4. Around this central region 20, the mirror Ml is used in an annular imaging mirror portion to guide the imaging light 3 in the beam path between the object field 4 and the image field 13. The pupil obscuration in the imaging optical system 39 is 0.55.

In the imaging optical system 39, the mirrors M3 and M6 are arranged back to back. With the aid of Fig. 8, a further configuration of an imaging optical system 43 is described below, which can be used instead of the imaging optical systems 12 and 39 in the projection exposure system 1. Components corresponding to those which were described above with reference to Fig. 1 to 7 have the same reference numerals and will not be discussed again in detail.

The imaging optical system 43 has a total of four mirrors Ml to M4, which are numbered consecutively by Ml to M4 in the order of the beam path of the individual beams 16, proceeding from the object field 4. The reflection faces of the mirrors Ml to M4 calculated in the design of the imaging optical system 43 are in turn shown. Only one section of the faces shown of the mirrors Ml to M4 is in turn used in each case.

The mirrors M2, M3 and M4 in each case have through-openings 17, 18, 21a for the imaging light 3 to pass through. The size of these through- openings 17, 18, 21a is not shown with a correct imaging scale in Fig. 8. The mirror Ml also has a through-opening 44a for the illumination light 3 to pass through, which is coupled via the input coupling mirror 7 and illuminates the object field 4. The input coupling mirror 7 is indicated by dashed lines in Fig. 8, comparably to Fig. 6. As an alternative to the position of the input coupling mirror 7 shown in Fig. 8, the latter may also be arranged between the mirrors Ml and M2. In this case, the mirror Ml can be configured with a closed mirror face, of which a central region is not used, as was already described above in conjunction with the configurations, for example according to Fig. 1 and 6.

The imaging optical system 43 has an image-side numerical aperture of 0.33 and a size of the image field 13 of 2 mm x 26 mm. A reducing imaging scale of the imaging optical system 43 is 4x. The short side of the image field 13 of the imaging optical system 43 runs in the drawing plane of Fig. 8. The imaging optical system 43 has an average wavefront error in the range of 0.03 λ rms at a design wavelength of 13.5 nm and a distortion which is less than 0.8 nm.

The pupil obscuration in the imaging optical system 43 is 0.45.

The optical design data of the imaging optical system 43 will in turn be summarised in a table below.

The precise surface form of the reflection faces of the mirrors Ml to M4 described by the following asphere equation for the arrow height z(h):

+ Ah 4 + Bh 6 + Ch 8 + Dh w + Eh 12 + Fh u + Gh 16 h here is the spacing from the optical axis, in other words from the normal 9, of the imaging optical system 1. h 2 = x 2 + y 2 therefore applies. The reciprocal value of "radius" is inserted in the equation for c. The structure of the following first table structurally corresponds to the respective first table with respect to the design data of the imaging optical systems 12 and 39. In the following second table, the coefficients K and A to G are given in accordance with the above asphere equation for the mirrors Ml to M4.

Surface K A B C

Ml -1.303525E+01 O.OOOOOOE+00 1.330566E-14 -5.454580E-18

M2 -6.36612 lE+00 O.OOOOOOE+00 3.398257E-16 -1.056069E-19

M3 1.502019E+01 O.OOOOOOE+00 -3.632936E-16 -3.894515E-22

M4 1.156758E-01 O.OOOOOOE+00 6.749295E-19 -2.697022E-25

Surface D E F G

Ml 1.023589E-21 -8.221993E-26 1.414062E-30 O.OOOOOOE+00

M2 1.203971E-23 -6.482627E-28 1.276067E-32 O.OOOOOOE+00

M3 -1.081998E-25 3.748060E-30 -5.651825E-35 O.OOOOOOE+00

M4 9.102970E-30 -4.664513E-35 9.687756E-41 O.OOOOOOE+00

In the configuration of the imaging optical system 43, all the mirrors Ml to M4 are configured as reflection faces which are rotationally symmetrical with respect to an optical axis 44.

A pupil plane 45 lies between the mirrors M3 and M4 in the imag optical system 43. The mirrors Ml and M4 are arranged back to back.

To produce a microstructured or nanostructured component, the projection exposure system 1 is used as follows: firstly, the reticle 8 and the wafer 15 are provided. A structure on the reticle 8 is then projected onto a light- sensitive layer of the wafer 15 with the aid of the projection exposure system 1. By developing the light-sensitive layer, a micro structure or a nanostructure on the wafer 15, and therefore the microstructured component, for example a semiconductor component in the form of a highly integrated switching circuit, is then produced.

If the design according to the invention is provided for the use of a reticle, through which the illumination light is transmitted, it is not absolutely necessary to use an obscuration stop in the imaging optical system of the optical system, as illuminations are possible, in which exclusively a zero and a first diffraction order of the imaging light allowed through by the object arrive in the imaging optical system.