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Title:
IMPROVED CLAMP FOR MOUNTING CABLES TO A SUPPORTING ELEMENT
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/145830
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A clamp (20) for mounting cables (29) to a tubular supporting element (30), said clamp (20) being composed of a jumper having a C-shaped cross-section with two opposing wings (21,22) interconnected by a core (23), wherein a movable thrust plate (38) is provided between said two opposing wings (21,22), and wherein said tubular supporting element (30) can be tightened between said thrust plate (38) and the wing (21,22) opposed to the same. At least one of said wings (21,22) opposing said thrust plate (38) is provided with a longitudinal groove (40) in which a portion of the casing of said tubular supporting element (30) can be engaged.

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Inventors:
VARALE, Alberto (Via Milano 121, Cologno Monzese, 20093, IT)
PISCOPO, Michelangelo (Via del Sasso 3, Vanzago, 20010, IT)
Application Number:
IB2019/050418
Publication Date:
August 01, 2019
Filing Date:
January 18, 2019
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
FI.MO.TEC.S.P.A. (Corso Venezia 36, Milano, 20121, IT)
International Classes:
F16B2/06; F16B2/12; F16B7/04; F16B7/18; F16L3/237; F16L3/24; H02G3/32
Domestic Patent References:
WO2017060199A12017-04-13
WO2017199083A12017-11-23
Foreign References:
US20120096691A12012-04-26
US2711300A1955-06-21
US20150238377A12015-08-27
US6601813B12003-08-05
DE102004028707A12006-01-05
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MARTEGANI, Franco et al. (Via Carlo Alberto 41, Monza, 20900, IT)
Download PDF:
Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A clamp (20) for mounting cables (29) to a tubular supporting element (30), said clamp (20) consisting of a jumper having a "C"-shaped cross-section with two opposing wings (21,22) interconnected by a core (23), wherein a movable thrust plate (38) is provided between said two opposing wings (21,22), and wherein said tubular supporting element (30) can be tightened between said thrust plate (38) and the wing (21,22) opposed to the same, characterized in that at least one of said wings (21,22) opposing said thrust plate (38) is provided with a longitudinal groove (40) in which a portion of the casing of said tubular supporting element (30) can be engaged.

2. The clamp (20) according to claim 1, characterized in that said groove (40) has a single arched section which forms a housing seat for the tubular supporting element (30) .

3. The clamp (20) according to claim 1, characterized in that said groove (40) has at least two arched sections with a different curvature radius so that the clamp (20) can be adapted for tightening on tubular supporting elements (30) having different diameters.

4. The clamp (20) according to one or more of the previous claims, characterized in that said groove (s) (40) form longitudinal edges (S,Så) that act against the tubular supporting elements (30) when the thrust plate (38) is tightened on said tubular supporting element (30) .

5. The clamp (20) according to one or more of the previous claims, characterized in that said groove (40) is the seat of an arc (401) of the circumference of the tubular supporting element (30), said seat blocking said clamp (20) on said tubular supporting element (30) .

6. The clamp (20) according to one or more of the previous claims, characterized in that the wings (21,22) and the core (23) are provided with respective threaded pass-through holes (24,25, 26) .

7. The clamp (20) according to claim 6, characterized in that each of said threaded pass-through holes (24,25 and 26) is formed within respective collars (24 ' , 25 ' , 26 ' ) produced integrally with said wings (21,22) and said core (23) and externally to the same, said collars (24 ' , 25 ' , 26 ' ) being rigidly interconnected by an external reinforcement rib (27) .

8. The clamp (20) according to claim 6 or 7, characterized in that the axes (X, X') of said pass-through holes (24,25,26) lie on the same median plane (PI) as the clamp (20) and are interconnected by an external reinforcement rib (27), said rib (27) also lies on said median plane (PI) of the clamp (20) ,

9. The clamp (20) according to one or more of the previous claims from 6 to 8, characterized in that said groove (40) extends longitudinally with respect to the wing (21) and/or the opposing wing (22) in the same direction as the tubular supporting element (30) and lies on a plane (P2) perpendicular to the plane (PI) on which the axes (X) of said pass-through holes (24,25,26) lie.

10. The clamp (20) according to one or more of the previous claims, characterized in that said thrust plate (38) can be translated on the sides of the core (23) by means of guides (39), the movement of said thrust plate (38) being adjustable by means of a screw (36) which passes through the threaded hole (24) of the wing (21) or through the threaded hole (25) of the opposing wing (22) .

11. The clamp (20) according to claim 10, characterized in that said guides (39) are produced in the form of peripheral hooks, provided projecting on one side of said thrust plate (38), and sliding on rails (39') provided on said core (23) or on said core (23) and said wings (21, 22) .

12. The clamp (20) according to one or more of the previous claims, characterized in that said thrust plate (38) has, on its surface in contact with said tubular supporting element (30), teeth (381) for engaging on the casing surface of said tubular supporting element (30) which prevent the side disengagement/sliding of said tubular supporting element (30) from the clamp (20) .

13. The clamp (20) according to one or more of the previous claims, characterized in that said clamp (20) is equipped with seats (28), so-called saddles, for the passage of cables (29), said seats (28) being fixed to one of the wings (21,22) or to the core (23) by means of a bolt (32) whose screw (33) passes through the threaded hole (26) of the core (23) or by means of a bolt (35) whose screw (36) passes through the threaded hole (24) of the wing (21) or through the threaded hole (25) of the opposing wing (22) .

14. The clamp (20) according to one or more of the previous claims, characterized in that said clamp (20) is made of plastic material charged with glass fibers.

Description:
IMPROVED CLAMP FOR MOUNTING CABLES TO A SUPPORTING ELEMENT

The present invention relates to an improved clamp for mounting cables, for example coaxial cables, optical-fiber cables or power cables, to a supporting element, for example a segment of a pylon.

For this purpose, clamps consisting of a metal jumper having a C-shaped cross-section with two opposed wings rigidly interlocked by a core are known.

The seats of the cables, commonly called saddles, are bolted externally to one of the two wings, or to the core of the "C", whereas the clamp is bolted to the supporting element which is positioned between the wings of the clamp itself.

An example of said saddles and clamps is described in the document W02017/060199.

As the supporting element can have different sizes and shapes, a thrust plate (jaw) is provided between the wings of the clamp, movable by means of the screw of the fixing bolt, which is suitable for clamping the supporting element, for example a metal bar with a circular section, between itself and the opposite wing.

Metal clamps of the type briefly described above have a satisfactory functioning: they are not able, however, to guarantee a secure grip on the supporting element, especially against a lateral disengagement, i.e. from the open side of the "C" of the clamp, with respect to the supporting element itself, in particular when the supporting element is a bar with a circular section.

The general objective of the present invention is to overcome the drawbacks of the known art by providing a clamp for mounting cables to a supporting element provided with means capable of preventing the lateral disengagement of said clamp from the supporting element itself.

A further objective of the invention is to provide a clamp for mounting cables to a supporting element, which is sturdy and durable.

Another objective of the invention is to provide a clamp which is very simple and economical to produce, light, and not subject to rapid wear due to atmospheric agents.

Yet another objective of the invention is to provide a clamp which can be easily disassembled from the supporting element even after a certain period of time.

The above objectives are achieved by a clamp having the characteristics set out in the enclosed claim 1 and subclaims.

The structural and functional characteristics of the present invention and its advantages with respect to the known art will be even more apparent from an examination of the following description, referring to the attached drawings, which illustrate examples of possible embodiments of the clamp itself. In the drawings:

Figures 1 and 2 are two perspective views illustrating a first embodiment of the clamp according to the invention;

- Figures 3 and 4 are two perspective views, similar to Figures 1 and 2, but showing a second embodiment of the clamp according to the invention;

- Figures 5 and 6 are two perspective views similar to Figures 1 and 2, but showing a third embodiment of the clamp according to the invention;

- Figures 7 and 8 are two perspective views similar to Figures 3 and 4, but showing a fourth embodiment of the clamp according to the invention;

- Figures 9 and 10 are two perspective views similar to Figures 1 and 2, but showing a fifth embodiment of the clamp according to the invention;

- Figures 11a and lib are a perspective view illustrating the clamp of the invention mounted on site;

- Figure 12 is a vertical section of the perspective view of Figure 11a;

Figure 13 is a partially sectional raised side view of the clamp of Figures 5 and 6 tightened on a supporting bar;

- Figure 14 is a raised side view of the clamp of Figures 7 and 8 tightened on a supporting bar;

- Figure 15 is a raised side view of the clamp of Figure 14 tightened on a tubular supporting bar having a smaller diameter;

- Figures 16 and 17 are two views illustrating the behaviour of the clamp when subjected to forces which tend to disengage it from the supporting bar.

With reference first of all to figures 1 and 2 of the drawings, the clamp of the invention, according to a first embodiment, is generally indicated with 20 and is structurally composed of a jumper having a "C" section, with two opposed wings 21, 22 interlocked by a core 23.

The wings 21, 22 and the core 23 are provided with respective threaded pass-through holes 24, 25 and 26 which are, preferably, surrounded by respective collars 24', 25', 26'.

The axes X, X' of said collars and pass-through holes 24, 25 and 26 lie on the same median plane PI of the clamp and are interconnected by an external reinforcement rib 27.

The rib 27 also lies on said median plane PI of the clamp

20.

The axes X of the holes 24 and 25 on the wings 21 and 22 and the axis X' of the hole 26 on the core 23 are perpendicular to each other.

In particular, as shown in the figures, each of said threaded pass-through holes 24, 25 and 26 is formed within respective collars 24', 25', 26' produced in one piece with said wings 21, 22 and said core 23 and externally with respect to the same, said collars 24', 25', 26' being rigidly interconnected by said rib 27.

Said collars 24', 25', 26' and said rib 27 give the clamp the strength necessary for supporting induced loads.

As is clearly illustrated in figures 11a and lib of the drawings, the clamp 20 equipped with seats 28 (so-called saddles) for the passage of cables 29, is fixed to a support, for example a tubular supporting element or a tubular bar 30 of a pylon 31.

The seats 28 for cables 29 can be fixed either to one of the wings 21, 22 of the clamp as shown in Figure lib, or to the core 23, as in the example of Figures 11a, 12.

As illustrated in Figure 11a, the fixing of the seats/saddles 28 is effected by means of a bolt (threaded bar/nut) 32 passing through the threaded hole 26 of the core 23. The threaded bar is indicated with 33 and the nut with 34.

As shown in Figures 13-17, according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the clamp 20 is fixed to the tubular supporting element or tubular bar 30 by means of a screw 36 passing through the threaded hole 24 of the wing 21 or through the hole threaded 25 of the wing 22.

As illustrated in figures 11a, lib and 12, according to a further embodiment, the screw 36 can be substituted by a bolt (screw/nut) 35. The screw is indicated with 36 1 and the nut with 37.

A thrust plate 38 cooperates with the screw 36, 36 1 , which is movable on the sides of the core 23 by means of guides 39.

Said guides 39 are produced in the form of peripheral hooks, provided projecting on one side of said thrust plate 38, and sliding on rails 39' provided on said core 23.

As illustrated in the figures, said rails 39' can also be provided on the edges of said wings 21, 22, favouring the insertion of the plate 38 between said wings 21, 22. Said thrust plate 38 cooperates with the opposing wing 21 or 22 of the clamp 20 for tightening the same clamp 20 on bars 30 having a circular cross section, as it is possible to provide bars having different diameters (Figures 13-17) .

With reference to the figures, a clamp 20 such as that previously described, according to a possible embodiment of the invention, is provided, on the wing 21 and/or 22 opposed to the thrust plate 38, of at least one groove 40.

As illustrated in Figures 1-4, said groove 40 is provided on only one of the two wings 21 or 22 of the clamp 20.

According to a preferred embodiment, said groove 40 is provided on both of the wings 21 and 22 of the clamp 20.

In this embodiment, the clamp 20 has opposed grooves 40 on the wings 21 and 22 respectively.

As can be clearly seen from the drawings, said groove 40 extends longitudinally with respect to the wing 21 and/or 22 in the same direction as the tubular bar 30 and lies on a plane P2 perpendicular to the plane PI on which the axes X, X' of the holes 24,25 and 26, lie.

As shown in figures 1, 2, 5, 6 and 13, the groove 40 has a single arched section on one or both of the wings 21 and 22 of the clamp 20.

As illustrated in Figures 3, 4, 7, 8, 14 - 17, according to a further embodiment, each groove 40 has, on one or both of the wings 21 and 22 of the clamp 20, at least two arched sections with a different curvature radius. Said groove 40 has different sections, in particular at least two different sections so that the clamp can adapt to tubular bars 30 having different diameters.

According to a further embodiment, as shown in Figures 9 and 10 it is possible to provide that one of the two wings has a groove 40 with a single section and that the opposed wing is provided with a groove 40 with at least two sections different from each other.

In one embodiment, the clamp 20 has a groove 40 on one or both of the wings 21 and 22 of said clamp 20, with a single arched section.

In a further embodiment, the clamp 20 has a groove 40 on one or both of the wings 21 and 22 of said clamp 20, each with two arched sections with a different curvature radius.

In a further embodiment, the clamp 20 has a groove 40 on both of the wings 21 and 22 of said clamp 20, one groove 40 having a single section and the other groove 40 having two arched sections with a different curvature radius.

Said grooves 40 form a housing seat for tubular bars 30 which can have different diameters.

The groove 40 with a double section, for example, can have a curvature radius of 15 mm and a curvature radius of 4 mm so as to be able to house tubular bars 30 between the wings 21, 22, with a diameter ranging from about 8 to 26 mm.

As can be clearly seen in Figures 13-15, there is an arc 40 1 in said groove 40, having the circumference of the tubular bar 30, which creates a positive engagement of the clamp 20 on the tubular bar 30 itself.

Said groove (s) 40 in fact form longitudinal edges S, S 1 which act against the tubular bar 30 when the thrust plate 38 is clamped on the tubular bar 30 itself.

Figure 16 shows, for example, in a sectional view, the edges S in contact with the tubular bar 30.

In a preferred embodiment said groove 40 extends longitudinally and in a median position of the wing 21 and/or 22.

The clamp 20, object of the present invention, therefore guarantees a stable clamping of the tubular bar 30, whatever its size, thanks to the presence of grooves 40 with different arched sections; said grooves 40, form longitudinal edges S, S 1 , which keep the bar tubular 30 engaged between the wings 21, 22 of the clamp 20, without the risk of lateral sliding in both of the directions T, T 1 , perpendicular to the length of the tubular bar 30 and without requiring excessive tightening of the thrust plate 38, which could cause breakage of the clamp 20 itself.

As shown in the figures, said thrust plate 38 can have on its surface in contact with the tubular bar 30, teeth 38 1 for engaging the casing surface of said tubular bar 30, which prevent the slipping/disengagement of the tubular bar 30 itself from the clamp 20.

As illustrated in Figure 17, in fact, if the clamp 20 is stressed by a force F which tends to disengage it from the tubular bar 30, for this to happen, the force must be such as to open out the wing 21 with the consequent breakage of the c1amp 20 itself.

According to the present invention, the clamp 20 is made of plastic material reinforced with glass fibers.

From what has been described above with reference to the figures, it is evident that a clamp 20 according to the present invention is particularly useful and advantageous.

The objectives mentioned in the preamble of the description have thus been achieved.

In particular, the plastic clamp charged with glass fibers has a resistance comparable to that of metal clamps; the plastic clamp charged with glass fibers is sturdy and durable; the presence of the grooves 40 ensures a secure grip of the bar without applying excessive force on the thrust plate 38 which could lead to breakage of the clamp 20 itself and/or to the lateral sliding of the tubular bar 30.

Furthermore, the clamp 20 of the present invention is reinforced by the presence of the rib 27 and the collars 24', 25' , 26' .

The clamp 20 for mounting cables to a supporting element, according to the present invention, in fact, guarantees an easy and solid assembly on any type of a pylon segment, in particular a tubular segment.

The clamp 20 according to the present invention offers resistance guarantees similar to the known metal clamps but with the advantage of having a greater resistance to atmospheric agents and greater ease of assembly and disassembly, thanks to the fact that the material with which they are formed is not corroded.

Furthermore, the clamp 20 of the present invention can be easily produced in series.

The forms and materials of the clamp 20 according to the present invention can naturally be different from those shown merely by way of non-limiting example in the drawings.

The protection scope of the invention is therefore defined by the enclosed claims.