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Title:
IMPROVED PROCESS FOR PREPARATION OF INTERMEDIATES
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2019/171161
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
PCT00760 20 ABSTRACT Disclosed herein is a process for preparation of 1-chloro-2-(1- chlorocyclopropyl)-3-(2-chlorophenyl)propan-2-ol (compound of formula (I)) 5 and 2-(1-chlorocyclopropyl)-2-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]oxirane (compound of formula (II)).

Inventors:
SHELKE, Santosh, Ganpat (UPL House, 610 B/2 Bandra Village, Off Western Express Highway, Bandra East, Maharashtra, Mumbai 1, 400051, IN)
VITHALDAS, Talati, Paresh (UPL House, 610 B/2 Bandra Village, Off Western Express Highway, Bandra East, Maharashtra, Mumbai 1, 400051, IN)
SHROFF, Jaidev, Rajnikant (206 Swiss Tower, Cluster Y Jumeirah Lake Towers, P.O. Box:, Dubai, 33421, AE)
SHROFF, Vikram, Rajnikant (206 Swiss Tower, Cluster Y Jumeirah Lake Towers, P.O. Box:, Dubai, 33421, AE)
Application Number:
IB2018/053974
Publication Date:
September 12, 2019
Filing Date:
June 04, 2018
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
UPL LTD (Agrochemical Plant, Durgachak Midnapore Dist., West Bengal, Haldia 2, 721 602, IN)
International Classes:
C07C29/40; A01N43/653; A01P3/00; C07D249/12; C07D301/26
Foreign References:
CN107628928A2018-01-26
US5099040A1992-03-24
CN106749057A2017-05-31
DE4030039A11992-03-26
DE3942240A11991-06-27
US4913727A1990-04-03
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
MAJUMDAR, Subhatosh et al. (5 Harish Mukherjee Road, West Bengal, Kolkata 5, 700 025, IN)
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Claims:
CLAIMS

1. A process for preparation of 1-chforo-2-(1-chlorocyclopropyi)-3-(2- chiorophenyl)propan-2-oi and 2-( 1 -chlofocyclopropy!:)-2~[(2- chiorophenyl}metbyl]oxirane or a mixture thereof by reacting 2- chlorobenzyl haiide with 1-chioro-1-chloroacety!cyciopropane wherein said reaction is carried out in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran.

2. The process of claim 1 further comprising at least another solvent.

3. The process of claim 2 wherein said another solvent is selected from aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons.

4. The process of claim 2 wherein said another solvent is toluene.

5. A process for preparation of compound of 1-chloro-2~(1-chiQrocyctopropyt)- 3-(2-ch!orophehyl)propan-2-ol and 2-(1-chlorocyciopropyl)-2-[(2- chlorophenyl)methy!]oxirane or a mixture thereof by reacting 2-chlorobenzyl chloride with 1-chloro-1-chloroacetyScyclopropane wherein said reaction is carried out in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran.

6. A process for preparing prothiocon azole comprising;

(a) reacting 2-chlorobenzyl halide with 1-chloro-l-chloroacetylcyclopropane in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran; and

(b) using the step (a) product to prepare prothioconazole.

7, A process for preparing prothioconazole comprising;

(a) reacting 2-chlorobenzyl haiide with 1-chloro-l-chioroacetyicyclopropane in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran; (b) reacting step (a) product with 1 ,2,4-triazoie to produce 2-(1- chlorocyclopfopyl)-1-{2-chiorophenyl)-3-(tH-1 ,2,4-triazoi-1-yl)propan-2- oi; and

(c) reacting step (b) product with sulphur to produce prothioconazole.

8. The process as claimed in claims 5 - 7 additionally comprising at least another solvent.

9. The process of claim 8 wherein said another solvent is toluene.

10. Prothioconazole being substantially free of 1-chloro-2-[2-(2- chloropheny!)ethyl] benzene.

11. Prothioconazole of claim 10 wherein said 1-ch!oro-2-[2-(2- chiorophenyi)ethyl]benzene is present in an amount less than 3% by weight.

12. Prothioconazole of claim 10 wherein said 1-chioro-2-[2-(2- chloropheny!)etSiyi]benzene is present in an amount less than 1 % by weight, 13. Use of a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran for preparing 1- cliloro-2-(1-chiorocyc!opropyl)-3-(2-chiorophenyl)propan-2-ol and 2-{1~ chlorocyclopropyl}~2-|'{2-chiorophenyi)meihyl]oxirane or a mixture thereof.

14. Use of solvent system of claim 12 wherein said solvent system further comprises at least another solvent,

15. Use of solvent system of claim 13 wherein said another solvent is toluene.

16. Prothioconazole prepared by a process which proceeds via the intermediates 1-ch!oro-2-(t-chlorocyclopropy!)-3~(2-chlorophenyl)propan-2- o! or 2-(1-ch!orocyclopropyi)-2-[(2-ch!orophenyl)methyl]oxsrane or a mixture thereof, wherein said intermediates are prepared by reacting reacting 2- ch!orobenzy! halide with 1-chlaro-1-chforoacetylcyciopropane in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran.

Description:
IMPROVED PROCESS FOR PREPARATION OF INTERMEDIATES

Technical field of the invention:

The present invention relates to the preparation of intermediates for triazoie fungicides. Particularly, the present invention relates to the preparation of t-chforo- 2-(1-chlorocyclopropyi)-3-(2-chlorophenyl)propan-2-ol represented by compound of formula (!) and 2-(1"Chlorocyc!opropyl)-2-i(2-chtorophenyl)methyl]oxirane represented by compound of formula {II}.

Background of the Invention:

The propane-2-ol derivative of the formula (I) and oxlrane derivative of the formula (l!) are valuable intermediates for preparation of triazoie fungicides. One such example of triazoie fungicide is prothioconazole. Prothioconazole is a sterol bio- synthesis inhibitor and systemic fungicide with protective, curative, eradicative and tong-lasting activity.

US4913727 discloses the preparation of 1-chloro-2-{1-chlorocyclopropy!}-3-(2- chlorophenyl)propan-2-oi of compound of formula (I) and 2-(t-chiorocyclopropyf)- 2-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]oxirane of compound of formula (If) by reaction of 2- chlorobenzyf bromide with magnesium flakes in diethyl ether to get bromo-[(2- chfQrophenyl)iTiethyi]magnesium which further reacts with 1-chforo-1- chloroacetylcyclopropane in diethyl ether. However diethyl ether is not a suitable solvent for industrial manufacturing processes due to flammability hazards and processing difficulties.

US5G9904G discloses a process for preparation of compound of formula (1) and compound of formula (II) by reaction of 2-chlorobenzylch!oride with magnesium flakes in the presence of toluene and tetrahydrofuran to obtain chloro-[(2- ch!orophenyl)methyl]magnesium: which is further reacted with 1-chloro-l- chloroacetytcyclopropane in toluene and tetrahydrofuran to get compound of formula (I) and compound of formula (11). However the yield of the desired product is often not satisfying and the undesirable side product is formed in large quantities. Further, during the work up of reaction mass, THF is lost into the aqueous phase due its high water solubility. This causes the aqueous waste disposal problems and makes the process uneconomical.

Inventors of the present invention noted that a large amount of dimer 1-chioro-2- [2-{2-chloropheny!)eihyl]benzene of compound of formula (III) (Fig. 2) is produced by following the above mentioned solvent system : .

Consequently, the known methods for preparation of compound of formula (!) and compound of formula (II) may not be suitable for large scale production due to the causes such as insufficient yield, reaction conditions, and formation of large amount of undesirable side products. Considering the significance of compounds of formula (I) and compound of formula (il) for manufacturing ftmgiddally active compounds, there is a need for improved process for preparing such compounds. Objects of the Invention:

ft is an object of the present invention to provide an improved process for preparation of propan-2-ol derivative of the formula (!) and oxirane derivative of formula (If), Another object of the present invention is to provide an improved process for preparing prothioconazole.

It is an object of the present invention to provide an economical process for preparation of compounds of formula (f) and compounds of formula (II) where water immiscible solvent is used which can be easily recovered. Summary of the Invention:

The present invention provides a process for preparation of 1~chloro-2-(1- chiorocyclopropyf)-3-(2-chloropheny!}propan-2-oJ (compound of formula (!)} and 2- (1~ch!orocyclopropyl)-2-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyljoxirane (compound of formula (II)) or a mixture thereof, by reacting 2~chlorobenzy! halide with 1-chloro-l- chloroacety!cydopropane wherein the reaction is carried out in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran.

The present invention further provides a process for preparation of compound of formula (1) and compound of formula (I!) or a mixture thereof by reacting 2- chlorobenzyl chloride with 1-chloro-1-chforoacetylcyclopropane wherein the reaction is carried out in a solvent system comprising methyl fetrahydrofuran.

The present invention provides a process for preparing prothioconazole comprising a) reacting 2-chiorobenzyl halide with 1-ch!oro-1-chidroacetyicyclopropane in a solvent system comprising methyl fetrahydrofuran; and

b) using the step (a) product to prepare prothioconazole. The present invention further provides a process for preparing prothioconazole comprising c) reacting 2-chlorobenzy! halide with 1-chioro-1-chloroacety!cyc!opropane in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran;

d) reacting the step (a) product with i ,2,4~triazole to produce 2-(1- chiorocydopropy!)-1-(2-chiorophenyi)-3-(1H-1 ,2,4-triazot-1-yf)propan-2-oi; and

e) reacting the step (b) product with sulphur to produce prothioconazoie.

The present invention further provides prothioconazoie being substantially free of 1-ch!oro-2-[2-(2-chlorophenyl)ethy!jbenzene of formula 111 :

Further the invention provides use of solvent system according to the present invention for preparing compounds of the formula (1) and compounds of formula

(M).

Detailed Description of the invention:

St has now been found surprisingly that 1-chloro-2-(3-ohloro-2-(1- chlorocyciopropyl)-2-methyt-propy j 3benzene represented by compound of formula (I) and 2-{1-chlorocyclopropyl)-2-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]oxirane represented by compound of formula (II) or a mixture thereof can be prepared by Grignard reaction of 2-chiorobenzyi halide with 1-cbloro-1-ch!oroacetyicyciopropane wherein the reaction is carried out in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran. inventors of the present invention unexpectedly observed that the inventive process drastically reduces the formation of compound of formula ill as a byproduct. Such an advantage makes the inventive process suitable for upscale to Industrial manufacturing of prothioconazoie. Inventors of the present invention also observed that the solvents of the present process can be recovered and recycled, thus making the process more industrially viable.

The inventors of the present invention further observed that certain compounds of formula (I) and compound of formula (II) or a mixture thereof are important intermediates for promising fungicidal!y active compounds.

The present invention thus provides a process for preparation of 1-chloro-2-(1-chlorccyciopropyi)-3-(2-chiorophenyl)propan-2- ol (compound of formula (!)) and 2- {1~chlorocyciopropyl)-2-[(2-chlorophenyl)methyl]oxirane (compound of formula (II)) or a mixture thereof by reacting 2-eh!orobenzyl halide with 1~chloro-1- chloroacetylcydopropane wherein the reaction is carried out in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran.

In an embodiment., the solvent system of the present invention comprises at least another solvent. in an embodiment the solvent system of the present invention comprises at least another solvent selected from solvents that are suitable for Grignard reagents.

In another embodiment, the solvent system of the present invention comprises at least another solvent selected from aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons, in a preferred embodiment, the solvent system of the present invention comprises at least another solvent selected from aromatic hydrocarbons.

In yet another embodiment, the aliphatic solvents comprise hexanes and heptanes.

In another embodiment, the aromatic solvents comprise toluene and xylene. in a preferred embodiment, the solvent system of the present invention comprises toluene. Accordingly, one aspect of the present invention is to provide a process for preparation of compounds of formula (!) and compounds of f ormula (! i) or a mixture thereof by Grignard reaction of 2-chlorobenzy! halide with 1~chloro-1- chforoacetylcyclopropane in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran. in another embodiment, there is provided a process for preparation of compound of formula (i) and compound of formula (II) or a mixture thereof comprising Grignard reaction of 2-chiorobenzyi chloride and magnesium in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran to prepare magnesium complex followed by reaction with 1 "Chioro-1 -chlQroacetyicyclopropane.

The course of the process according to the invention can be illustrated in scheme 1 as below; Scheme 1 :

in an embodiment the solvent system of the present invention comprises methyl tetrahydrofuran and toluene, In an embodiment the ratio of methyl tetrahydrofuran and toluene is in the range of 1; 5 to 5: 1. in a preferred embodiment the ratio of methyi tetrahydrofuran and toiuene is in the range of 1 : 3 to 3: 1.

In an embodiment, the solvents used in the reaction are recovered and recycled. in an embodiment the Grignard reaction is carried out by simultaneous addition of 2~chforobenzyl chloride and magnesium.

In another embodiment the Grignard reaction is carried out by sequential addition of magnesium and 2-chforobenzyf chloride. in an embodiment the reaction is carried out at temperatures between Q = C and 100° C. In a preferred embodiment the reaction is carried out at temperatures between 0° C and 40° C.

In an embodiment the inventive process produces compound of formula (til) in an amount less than 5%. In a preferred embodiment the inventive process produces compound of formula ili in an amount less than 3%. in a preferred embodiment, the inventive process produces compound of formula HI in an amount less than 1%.

In an embodiment the inventive process may further comprise catalysts or other solvents that are customary for Grignard reactions.

Another aspect of the present invention is to provide a process for preparing prothioconazoie. This aspect too may have one or more embodiments described above.

Each of the embodiments described above may apply to this aspect as well. These embodiments are intended to be read as being preferred features of one or ali the aspects described hereinabove.

Accordingly, in an embodiment, there is provided a process for preparing prothioconazoie comprising: a) Grignard reaction of 2'Ch!orobenzyl halide with 1-chioro*1- chioroacety!cyc!opropane in a soivent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran;

b) Using the step a) product to produce prothioconazole, In an embodiment, using the step a) product to produce prothioconazole comprises reacting the step a) product with 1 ,2,4-triazoie to produce 2-{ 1 -chlorocyclopropy!)- 1-<2~chioropheny{)-3-(1H-1 ,2.4-triazoi-1-yi)proparv2-ol; and reacting this step's product with sulphur to produce prothioconazole.

Accordingly, in an embodiment, there is provided a process for preparing prothioconazole comprising: c) Grignard reaction of 2-chlorobenzyl halide with 1-chioro-1- chloroacetylcydopropane in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran;

d) Reaction of step a) product with 1 ,2,4-triazo!e to produce 2-(1- chlorocyciopropyl}- 1-(2-chiorophenyl)-3-( 1 H-1 ,2,4-triazol-1-yl)propan-2-ol; and

e) Reaction step b) product with sulphur to produce prothioconazole.

In an embodiment, the solvent system of the present invention comprises at least another solvent. in an embodiment, the soivent system of the present invention comprises at least another solvent selected from: solvents that are suitable for Grignard reagents. in another embodiment, the soivent system of the present invention comprises at least another soivent selected from aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons.

In a preferred embodiment, the solvent system of the present invention comprises at least another solvent selected from aromatic hydrocarbons.

In yet another embodiment, the aliphatic solvents comprise hexanes and heptanes.

In another embodiment, the aromatic solvents comprise toluene and xylene. in a preferred embodiment, the solvent system of the present invention comprises toluene, it has been found that prothioconazoie prepared using the process of the present invention is substantially free of the dimeric impurity of formula III. In another embodiment, the present invention further provides prothioconazoie being substantially free of 1'ChlQro-2-[2-(2-chiorophenyl)ethyl]benzene of formula HI:

The term substantially free of is defined herein to mean that the prothioconazoie contains less than 10%, preferably less than 5%, and most preferably less than 3% of the compound 1-chloro-2-[2-(2-chlorophenyi)ethyl]benzene of formula ill, in an embodiment the inventive process produces compound of formula (ill) in an amount less than 5%. in a preferred embodiment the inventive process produces compound of formula ill in an amount less than 3%.

In another preferred embodiment, the process produces compound of formula III in an amount less than 1 %,

The course of the process according to the invention in this embodiment can be illustrated in scheme 2 as below: Scheme 2:

In a preferred embodiment there is provided a process for preparing prothioconazole comprising: a) Grignard reaction of 2-chlorobenzyl chloride with 1-chloro-l- chloroacetyicyciopropane in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran;

b) Reacting step (a) product with 1,2,4- triazole and a base in an organic solvent to produce 2-{1-chlorocyclopropyi)-1-(2-chlorophenyl)-3-{1 H-1 ,2 > 4- triazoi-1-yl)propan-2-ol; and

c) Reacting step (b) product with sulphur powder in an organic solvent to produce prothioconazole. In an embodiment the Grignard reaction of step (a) is conducted in a soivent system comprising toluene and methyl tetrahydrofuran wherein the ratio of methyl tetrahydrofuran and toluene is in the range of 1: 5 to 5: 1

In a preferred embodiment the ratio of methyl tetrahydrofuran and toluene for step (a) of the reaction is in the range of 1 : 3 to 3: 1.

In an embodiment the Grignard reaction of step (a) is carried out by simultaneous addition of 2-ch!orobenzyf chloride and magnesium.

In another embodiment the Grignard reaction of step (a) is carried by sequential addition of magnesium and 2-chlorobenzyl chloride. The reaction with 1,2,4- triazole of step (b) is performed by known methods.

In the present invention the reaction of step (b) is achieved by reacting step (a) product with 1 ,2,4-triazole in an organic solvent in presence of a base.

In an embodiment, suitable bases for step (b) is selected from organic or inorganic base. Preferably the base is selected from alkali or alkaline earth metal hydroxides, alkali nieta! carbonates or amines.

In another preferred embodiment the base for step (b) is selected from alkali metal carbonate such as potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate.

In an embodiment, suitable organic solvent for carrying out the step (b) of the process is selected from ethers, glycols, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane or polar solvents such as N-meihyi pyrrolidone, dimethyl sulfoxide or dimethylformamide.

In a preferred embodiment the organic soivent for carrying out the step (b) of the process is selected from polar solvents such as N-methy! pyrrolidone, dimethyl sulfoxide or dimethylformamide. The reaction with sulphur of step (c) is performed by known methods. In the present invention the reaction with sulphur of step (c) is achieved by reacting step (b) product with sulphur powder in an organic solvent.

In an embodiment the suitable organic solvent for carrying out the step (c) of the process is selected from polar solvents such as N-methyl pyrroiidone, dimethyl sulfoxide or dimethylformamide.

According to another aspect, the invention provides use of solvent system according to the present invention for preparing compounds of the formula (I) and compounds of formula (II) or a mixture thereof.

The present invention further provides a method of using a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran for preparing prothioconazole.

Therefore, in this embodiment, the present invention also provides prothioconazole prepared by a process which proceeds via the intermediates 1-ch!oro-2-(1- chlOFocydopropyl)-3-(2-chiorophenyl)propan-2-ol or 2-(1-chiorocyclopropyi)-2-[{2- chlorophenyl)methyl}oxirane or a mixture thereof, wherein said intermediates are prepared by reacting reacting 2-chiofobenzyl halide with 1-ch!oro-1- chloroacety!cyciopropane in a solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran.

In an embodiment the invention provides use of solvent system comprising methyl tetrahydrofuran for preparing compounds of the formula (I) and compounds of formula {!!) or a mixture thereof.

In another embodiment the invention provides use of solvent system comprising toluene and methyl tetrahydrofuran for preparing compounds of the formula (I) and compounds of formula (II) or a mixture thereof.

In a preferred embodiment the present invention provides the use of solvent system comprising toluene and methyl tetrahydrofuran for preparing compounds of the formula (!) and compounds of formula (II) or a mixture thereof, wherein said process comprises Grignard reaction of 2-chlorobenzyl chloride and magnesium to prepare magnesium complex in said solvent system followed by reaction with 1- chioro-1-chloroacety!cyclopropane. Sn another embodiment the present invention provides the use of solvent system comprising toluene and methyl tetrahydrofuran for preparing prothioconazole which is substantially free of compound of formula ill.

The instant invention is more specifically explained by below examples. However. it should be understood that the scope of the present invention is not limited by the examples in any manner, It will be appreciated by any person skilled in this art that the present invention includes below examples and further can be modified and altered within the technical scope of the present invention.

Examples The following examples described below are to illustrate the embodiments of the present invention and are not limiting the scope of the present invention.

Example 1 : Preparation of 2-(2-chforobenzyl)-2~(1-chlorocycfopropy!) oxirane and 1-chloro-2-(1-chiorocyciopropyl)-3-{2-chloropheny!) propan-2-ol (according to the present invention) To a stirred mixture of magnesium flakes (29.0 g, 1,2 mol) and iodine (2.0 g, 0.0157 mol) in toluene (68 ml) and 2-methyl tetrahydrofuran (32 ml) was dropwise added a mixture of 2-chlorobenzylchioride (163.0 g, 1.0 mo!e) in toluene (230 mi) and 2- methy! tetrahydrofuran (1 10 mi) at 20-30°C. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0- 10°C and l-chloro-l-chloroacetylcyclopropane (153 g, 0.95 mole) in 2-methyi tetrahydrofuran (40 ml) and toluene (120 ml) was dropwise added to it and the reaction was stirred for 2 hours. Mixture of toluene and 2-methy! tetrahydrofuran was concentrated under reduced pressure and the reaction mass was cooled to 1G°C. To the reaction mass was added water (350 ml) followed by hydrochloric acid (30%, 170 g) and was stirred for 3 hours at room temperature. The organic layer was separated, dried and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain 247 g mixture of 2-(2-chlorobenzyi)-2-(1-ch[orocyclopropy!) oxirane and 1-chioro-2-(1- chlorocyciopropyi)-3-(2-ehIorophenyi) propan-2-ol. Crude mass 247 g is analyzed as 54,02 % 2-(2-chlorobenzyl)-2-(1-chiorocyclopropyl) oxirane and 14,06% 1- chloro-2-(1-chlorocyciopropyl)-3-(2-chiorophenyl) propan-2-ol. Accordingly yield is 70,8% based on 1-chioro-1-chloroacetyFcyc(opropane. Dimer content: 3.5%.

Example 2: Preparation of 2-{2-chlorobenzyl)-2-(f-chlorocyGlopropyi) oxirane and 1-chloro-2-(1-chlorocycJopropyi)-3-{2-chlorophenyi) propan-2~ol {Comparative Example as per US509904Q)

A mixture of magnesium flakes (17,0 g, 0.708 mo!) and iodine (0.5 g) is treated with toluene (80 mi), tetrahydrofuran {20 ml) and 2-chSorobenzylchlonde (1 g, 0.006 mole) at 20° C, A mixture of 2-chlorobenzyichloride {97.0 g, 0.60 mole) in toluene (338 ml) and tetrahydrofuran (42 mi) is drop-wise added to it in the course of 5 hours at 50-55° C. After completion of addition the mixture is allowed to react for 30 minutes 50-55° C. The reaction mixture was cooled to 20° C and un reacted magnesium is decanted. Into the decanted reaction mixture, t-chioro-1- chloroacety!cyclopropane (89 g, 0.58 mole) in is dropwise added in the course of 45 minutes at 20-30° C and the reaction was further stirred for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture is poured into the solution of concentrated sulfuric acid (24 g) and water (170 g) in the course of 30 minutes at 0-20° C. The organic layer was separated and washed with water. The organic layer was dried and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain a mixture of 2-(2-chlorobenzyi)-2-(1- ch!orocycfopropyl) oxirane and 1-chloro-2-(1-chlorocyclopropyi)-3-(2- ch!orophenyi) propan-2-ol. Crude mass 145 g is analyzed as 27.69% 2-(2- chforobenzy!)-2-(1-chlorocyclopropyl) oxirane and 10.36% 1-chloro-2-{1- chlorocycSopropyl)-3-(2-chlorophenyl) propan-2-ol. Accordingly yield is 49.92% based on 1-ehloro-1~chforoacetyicyciopropane. Dimer content: 28.84%. The following Table 1 describes Examples 3-11 prepared according to the present invention. Example 2 is a comparative sample prepared using THF and toluene as solvents.

Table 1 :

‘Solvent used is tetrahydrofuran: Toluene

It is evident from the above table that the process according to the present invention led to the advantage of high yield of the product. Example 2 (comparative example) leads to a large amount of dimer as a side product thereby makes the process unsuitable.

Example 12: Preparation of Prothioconazole: Step a): Preparation of 2-{2-chlorobehzyl}-2-{1-chiorocycloprQpyi) oxirane and 1- ch!oro-2-(1-chiorocyciopropyl}-3-(2-chlorophenyi) propan-2-oi

The process of example 1 is followed to prepare 2-(2-chiorobenzy!}-2-(1- chlorocyciopropyl) oxirane and 1-chloro-2-(f-chlorocyGlopropyi)-3-{2- chiorophenyi) propan-2-o! mixture.

Step b); Preparation of 2-(1-chlorocycloprQpy!}-1-(2-chlorophenyf)-<3-(1 ,2,4-tnazot- 1-yl)propan-2-oi:

A mixture of 1 , 2, 4-triazole (431 g), potassium carbonate (861 g) in dimethylformamide (DMF) (704 g) is heated to 80-85 °C for 1.0 hr. To this mixture is drop wise added 1-chioro-2-(1-chlorocyclopropyl)-3-(2-chiorophenyl)propa-2-o l and 2-(2-chlorobenzyi)-2-(1-qhforocyclopropyl) oxirane (577 g) in DMF (450 g) and the reaction mixture is heated to 80-85 °C for 3 hrs. The mixture is then cooled to room temperature and filtered to obtain residue. The residue thus obtained is washed with the portions of DMF, and then the filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain a crude mass. The crude mass is then dissolved in toluene (900 g) and water (700 g) with continuous stirring at 65-70° C for 1.0 hr. The resulting mixture is cooled and filtered off. The resulting filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure and then crystallized in isopropanol to obtain 314 g of 2- (1-chlorocyciopropyf)-1-(2-chiorophenyl}-3-(1 > 2 ; 4-tr!azol-1-yi)propan-2-ol. Step C): Preparation of prothioconazo!e

A mixture of DMF (80.0 g ), 2-(1-chlorocyclopropyl)~t-(2-chlorophenyl)-3-(1 ,2,4- triazol-1-yf)propan-2-o! (80.0 g) and sulphur (21.0 g) are heated at 160-165 °C for 16 hrs. The reaction mixture is cooled to 20 °C and unreacted sulphur is filtered. The filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue is added toluene (350.0 g) and caustic solution (7.0%, 200 g) and stirred for 30 minutes at 70°C. Layers are separated. Toluene (350.0 g) is added to the aqueous layer and the solution is acidified with 15.0% HCI to pH 4-5, The mixture is cooled to 5 °C and the solid thus formed is washed with water followed by toluene (100.0 g). Crude solid is crystallized in methanol {100.0 g) after a charcoal treatment to obtain 70.0 g (98.0 % purity) of prothiocohazoie.

The instant invention is more specifically explained by above examples. However, it should be understood that the scope of the present invention is not limited by the examples in any manner. It will be appreciated by any person skilled in this art that the present invention includes aforesaid examples and further can be modified and altered within the technical scope of the present invention.