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Patent Searching and Data


Title:
IMPROVED TRUCK ASSEMBLY
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2017/136873
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
A truck assembly for roller skates or a skateboard including a base portion configured to be secured to an underside of a roller skate or skate board, an axle housing for receiving an axle, an axle, at least a first and second pins, at least a first bushing, wherein the axle is housed within the axle housing and the first bushing and the axle is captivity held within the axle housing and the at least a first and second pins are in engagement of the at least two pins with the axle.

Inventors:
CARTER, Daniel (6 Brady Court, Pooraka, South Australia 5095, AU)
Application Number:
AU2017/000042
Publication Date:
August 17, 2017
Filing Date:
February 10, 2017
Export Citation:
Click for automatic bibliography generation   Help
Assignee:
CARTER, Daniel (6 Brady Court, Pooraka, South Australia 5095, AU)
International Classes:
A63C17/00; A63C17/01; A63C17/22
Foreign References:
US20040041360A12004-03-04
US5372383A1994-12-13
US4213226A1980-07-22
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
COLLISON & CO (GPO Box 2556, Adelaide, South Australia 5001, AU)
Download PDF:
Claims:
p T/ A T Ton i /Q00042

WO 2017/136873 PCT/AU2017/000042

8

THE CLAIMS DEFINING THE INVENTION ARE AS FOLLOWS:

1. A truck assembly including a base portion configured to be secured to an

underside of a roller skate or skate board, an axle housing for receiving an axle, an axle, at least a first and second pins, at least a first bushing, wherein the axle is housed within the axle housing and the first bushing and the axle is captivity held within the axle

housing and the at least a first and second pins are in engagement of the at least two pins with the axle.

2. The truck assembly of claim 1 , wherein the at least a first and second pins pass through at least a first and second opening in an outer surface of the axle housing and abut against the axle.

3. The truck assembly of claim 2, wherein the base portion is adapted to be

releasably secured to an underside of a roller skate or skateboard.

4. The truck assembly of any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein the at least a first and second pins are held in place in the axle housing by a first and second retaining ring.

5. The truck assembly of claim 4, wherein the at least a first and second retaining rings are distal to one another on the axle housing.

6. The truck assembly of any one of claims 4 or 5, wherein first and second

retaining rings are held in place on the axle housing by a plurality of retaining means.

7. The truck assembly of any one of the above claims, wherein there is at least a first bushing and a second bushing located within the axle housing.

8. The truck assembly of claim 1, wherein the first bushing and second bushings support the axle within the axle housing. p T/ATToni /Q00042

WO 2017/136873 PCT/AU2017/000042

9

9. The truck assembly of any one of claims 4-8, wherein the first and second

retaining rings have a groove about an outer periphery.

10. The tmck assembly of claim 9, wherein the groove is shaped to receive at least a portion of the pin.

11. The tmck assembly of any one of the above claims, wherein the busing is a

shrouded busing.

Description:
IMPROVED TRUCK ASSEMBLY FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This present invention relates to a truck assembly for use in roller skates or

skateboarding.

In particular, the invention relates to a truck assembly for roller skates and or skateboards in which the truck assembly provides increased control and feedback to the operator, particularly when used in high speed applications.

BACKGROUND

The typical truck assembly which has been used for roller skates and skateboards relies on a user changing their centre of mass from one side of the platform (skateboard/roller skate) to the other. This causes the truck to pivot thus changing the direction in which the corresponding wheels attached thereto are pointing. The rider on the skateboard or roller skates thus shifts their weight to one side or another in order to effect a change in the desired direction.

A typical truck for a skateboard or roller skate is shown in Figure 1 (prior art) in which there is a base plate (10) attached to the underside of a skateboard or roller skate, a hangar (12) having an axle (14) running through it. Located between the base plate (10) and the hangar (12) are bushings (16) and (17) that provide a cushioning mechanism during the turning of the truck. A bolt (20) commonly referred to as a king pin holds the hangar (12) to the base plate (10). By tightening or loosening the king pin nut (22), as well as by adjusting the hardness of the bushings, the trucks may be tuned by the operator to provide the appropriate turning characteristics.

In addition, typical truck assemblies commonly used for roller skates or skateboards do not provide sufficient stability and control in high speed situations, such as those typically encountered in the sport of speed skating as the main control of the trucks is largely dominated by controlling tension of the king pin and/or variation in the elastomer material used in the bushings. The forces exerted by the user in a tight turn, using standard truck assemblies are sufficient at times to overcome the resistance of firmer bushings. Moreover, the standard truck assembly is relatively heavy and whilst this is generally not a problem for the recreational skater, the advanced skaters are interested in pursuing lighter weight truck assemblies so as to lower the overall weight of their skate, as well as assemblies that provide accurate and effective turning properties suitable in high speed applications.

The heavy weight and undesirable turning characteristics of the truck assemblies of present devices is a serious shortcoming and further improvements are seen as being desirable in this area.

OBJECT OF THE INVENTION

It is an object of the present invention to overcome, or at least substantially ameliorate, the disadvantages and shortcomings of the prior art.

Other objects and advantages of the present invention will become apparent from the following description, taking in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein, by way of illustration and example, an embodiment of the present invention is disclosed.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

According to the present invention, there is provided a truck assembly including a base portion configured to be secured to an underside of a roller skate or skate board, an axle housing for receiving an axle, an axle, at least a first and second pins, at least a first bushing, wherein the axle is housed within the axle housing and the first bushing and the axle is captivity held within the axle housing and the at least a first and second pins are in sliding engagement with the axle.

In preference, the at least a first and second pins pass through at least a first and second opening in an outer surface of the axle housing and abut against the axle. In preference, the base portion is adapted to be releasably secured to an underside of a roller skate or skateboard.

In preference, the at least a first and second pins are held in place in the axle housing by a first and second retaining ring.

In preference, the at least a first and second retaining rings are distal to one another on the axle housing.

In preference, the at least a first and second retaining rings have a pin receiving groove.

In preference, first and second retaining rings are held in place on the axle housing by a plurality of retaining means.

In preference, the pl urality of retaining means are screws.

In preference, there is at least a first bushing and a second bushing located within the axle housing.

In preference, the first bushing and second bushings support the axle within the axle housing.

In preference, the busing is a shrouded busing.

In preference, the first and second retaining rings have a groove about an outer periphery.

In preference, the groove is shaped to receive at least a portion of the pin. In preference, the pin is a locking pin. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

By way of example only, an embodiment of the invention is described more fully hereafter, with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a perspecti ve view of a prior art truck assembly for a skateboard or roller skate,

Fi gure 2 is a perspecti ve view of the truck assembly of the present invention,

Figure 3 is an underside view of the present invention,

Figure 4 is a side sectional view through B-B in Figure 3,

Figure 5 is an exploded vi ew of the truck assembly of the present inventi on,

Figure 6 is a side sectional view through A- A in Figure 3,

Figure 7 is a side view of the present invention attached to a platform, ground engaging wheels excluded for clarity.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The truck assembly (50), as shown in Figures 2 - 7 has a base portion (55) having an upper mounting surface (58) for attachment to the underside of a skateboard or roller skate (not shown). The other mounting surface (58) can be attached in any manner known to those skilled in the art.

The base portion (55) also has an axle housing (65) being of substantially cylindrical shape, an axle (70) having threaded ends (75) to receive a threaded nut (not shown) so as to facilitate the attachment of a standard wheel as readily used in this area. Other means of attaching ground engaging wheels to the axle (70) are considered to fall within the scope of the invention. A pin (80) is inserted through the axle housing (65) and held in place by a lock ring (85). Bearing race (90) is firmly affixed to the axle (70), the pin (80) abutting with the bearing race (90) to allow for slidable engagement of the pin (80) to the bearing race or groove (90).

The axle (70) having the threaded ends (75) (axle studs) includes a centerline flange (100) located approximately midway between the ends (76a) and (76b), onto which wheels are to be attached to, of the axle (70). Polymer or elastomer bushings (110a and 1 10b), which may be shrouded bushings, are inserted over the axle (70) and pushed snugly to abut the centerline flange (100) on the axle (70). The outer diameter of the bushings (1 10a and 1 10b) is sufficient to fit within the inner diameter of the opening (1 15) of the axle housing (65). When the axle (70) and bushings (110a and 1 10b) are inserted into the axle housing (65) stand off washers (120a and 120b) are inserted over the axle (70) and forced against the exposed surface (112) of the bushing (110).

Holding the stand off washers (120) in place are snap washers (130a and 130b) which when in place snaps in to the groove (67) located at least partially around the inner surface (68) of the axle housing (65). When shrouded bushings are used in place of the bushings (1 10a and 1 10b), the stand off washers (120) are not required and the snap washers (130a and 130b) may either still be used or alternatively the shrouded bushings are held in place by an interference fit with the interior surface of the axle housing (65). The groove (67) is set back from the edge (1 17) of the axle housing (65) a predetermined distance, the actual location of the groove (67) may differ according to construction and depending upon the type or width of bushings (110) that are utilised.

Bearing races, retaining rings, (200a and 200b) are press fitted or clearance fitted over the axle (70) and moved to urge up against the outer flange (102) of the axle (70), which sets them in place. The bearing race (200) has a groove (202) about its outer periphery surface (205). When the bearing race (200) is in place in the axle housing (65) apin (250) is then inserted through the holes (252a and 252b) on the outer periphery of the axle housing (65).

The locking pin (250) is substantially cylindrical in shape having a first end (255) and a second end (260). The first end (255) is shaped so that it is at least substantially flush with the outer periphery of the axl e housing when fully inserted into the hol e (252) of the axle housing (65). The second end (260) of the pin (250) may also be shaped such that it substantially matches the profile of the inner surface (68) of the axle housing (65) for a flush fit. The pin (250) then rests within the groove (202) of the bearing race (200) that is fitted to the axle (70) further holding the axle (70) in place in the axle housing (65) but still allowing movement of the axle (70) in a substantially parallel angle to the angle of the locking pin (250) as indicated by arrow (270). The groove may extend fully or partially around the outer peripheral surface of the bearing race (200). In an alternative embodiment, the groove can be machined directly onto the axle surface thus removing the need for a bearing race. Although the term bearing race is used, no ball bearings are

Once the pins (250) are in place in the axle housing (65) lock ring (85) is then inserted over the outer surface of the axle housing (65) and retaining screws (280) are then inserted into the openings (285) about the outer surface (290) of the lock ring (85) so as to threadably engage with the screw holes (295) on the axle housing (65). The lock ring (85) then prevents the removal of the pins (250) from within the hole or opening (252) of the axle housing securing the pins in place.

In order to change the steering characteristics of the truck assembly (50), a user can make various changes such as, for example, replacing the pins (250) with pins having a different shape or indeed different hardness characteristics to allow greater or less movement of the axle (70). In addition, the bushings (110) may also be changed to bushings having harder or softer materials, even to the point of having a bushing on one side of the axle with a different hardness characteristic in relation to the bushing on the other side of the axle. If the first bushing and second bushing are of the same material and have the same physical shape and characteristics then the movement of the axle (70) will be substantially consistent on both sides. By altering the first and second bushings it is then possible for the user to provide a firmer or softer ride on one side of the truck assembly compared to the other side.

Moreover, the construction of the truck assembly ( 50) is greatly simplified compared to that of prior art truck assemblies and allows for a substantial reduction in overall weight by omitting several of the key components required in the prior art truck assemblies, for example, such as the use of a king pin and related elements. This new simplified truck assembly thus provides overall a lighter truck assembly with improved steering characteristics.