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Title:
INHIBITORS OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS REPLICATION
Document Type and Number:
WIPO Patent Application WO/2016/172425
Kind Code:
A1
Abstract:
Compounds of Formulas I-VI, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, and compositions and methods for treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection are set forth. Formula I is exemplified below: Formula (i)

Inventors:
BENDER JOHN A (US)
LOPEZ OMAR D (US)
NGUYEN VAN N (US)
YANG ZHONG (US)
WANG ALAN XIANGDONG (US)
WANG GAN (US)
MEANWELL NICHOLAS A (US)
BENO BRETT R (US)
FRIDELL ROBERT A (US)
BELEMA MAKONEN (US)
THANGATHIRUPATHY SRINIVASAN (IN)
Application Number:
US2016/028763
Publication Date:
October 27, 2016
Filing Date:
April 22, 2016
Export Citation:
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Assignee:
VIIV HEALTHCARE (NO 5) LTD (GB)
International Classes:
C07D317/66; A61K31/17; A61K31/18; A61K31/4245; A61P31/18; C07C237/22; C07C275/24; C07C311/03; C07D213/61; C07D235/26; C07D271/12; C07D277/62; C07D285/14; C07D295/192
Domestic Patent References:
WO2002042412A22002-05-30
WO1997010263A11997-03-20
WO2005047231A12005-05-26
WO2013006738A12013-01-10
WO2014110298A12014-07-17
WO2014134566A22014-09-04
Foreign References:
US20130244944A12013-09-19
CN1400018A2003-03-05
Other References:
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MORIUCHI T ET AL: "Chirality induction of pi-conjugated chains through chiral complexation", TETRAHEDRON, ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS, AMSTERDAM, NL, vol. 62, no. 52, 25 December 2006 (2006-12-25), pages 12237 - 12246, XP025003041, ISSN: 0040-4020, [retrieved on 20061225], DOI: 10.1016/J.TET.2006.10.016
KATUNUMA NOBUHIKO: "Structure-based development of specific inhibitors for individual cathepsins and their medical applications", vol. 87, no. 2, 2011, pages 29 - 39, XP002677200, ISSN: 0386-2208, Retrieved from the Internet DOI: 10.2183/PJAB.87.29
CHOW ET AL: "Enhanced gelation property due to intra-molecular hydrogen bonding in a new series of bis(amino acid)-functionalized pyridine-2,6-dicarboxamide organogelators", TETRAHEDRON, ELSEVIER SCIENCE PUBLISHERS, AMSTERDAM, NL, vol. 63, no. 31, 21 June 2007 (2007-06-21), pages 7407 - 7418, XP022124606, ISSN: 0040-4020, DOI: 10.1016/J.TET.2007.02.037
ABD EL-GALIL AMR ET AL: "Synthesis of New Potential Bis-intercalators Based on Chral Pyridine-2,6-dicarboxamides", COLLECT. CZECH. CHEM. COMMUN., vol. 64, 1999, pages 288 - 298, XP002759187
KATELITSA TRIANTAFILLIDI ET AL: "Oligopyridine-ruthenium(ii)-amino acid conjugates: synthesis, characterization, DNA binding properties and interactions with the oligonucleotide duplex d(5'-CGCGCG-3')2", DALTON TRANSACTIONS: THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR INORGANIC, ORGANOMETALLIC AND BIOINORGANIC CHEMISTRY, no. 32, 1 January 2009 (2009-01-01), GB, pages 6403, XP055282848, ISSN: 1477-9226, Retrieved from the Internet DOI: 10.1039/b904951g
ZORAN KOKAN ET AL: ""Backdoor Induction" of Chirality in Asymmetric Hydrogenation with Rhodium(I) Complexes of Amino Acid Substituted Triphenylphosphane Ligands", EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY, vol. 2013, no. 36, 5 November 2013 (2013-11-05), DE, pages 8154 - 8161, XP055282751, ISSN: 1434-193X, DOI: 10.1002/ejoc.201301011
LANGLOIS M ET AL: "Synthesis of symmetrical pseudopeptides as potential inhibitors of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 protease", EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, EDITIONS SCIENTIFIQUE ELSEVIER, PARIS, FR, vol. 29, no. 9, 1 January 1994 (1994-01-01), pages 639 - 647, XP023870463, ISSN: 0223-5234, [retrieved on 19940101], DOI: 10.1016/0223-5234(94)90025-6
B PERIC ET AL: "Intermolecular contacts in the crystal packing of 2,2'-(N,N'-oxalyldiimino)bis(3-phenylpropanamide) dimethyl sulfoxide solvate", ACTA CRYSTALLOGRAPHICA. SECTION C, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE COMMUNICATIONS, 1 July 2001 (2001-07-01), Denmark, pages 865 - 867, XP055282447, Retrieved from the Internet DOI: 10.1107/S0108270101007041
MAKAREVIC J ET AL: "Bis(amino acid) oxalyl amides as ambidextrous gelators of water and organic solvents: supramolecular gels with temperature dependent assembly/dissolution equilibrium", CHEMISTRY - A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, WILEY - V C H VERLAG GMBH & CO. KGAA, WEINHEIM, DE, vol. 7, no. 15, 1 January 2001 (2001-01-01), pages 3328 - 3341, XP002276456, ISSN: 0947-6539, DOI: 10.1002/1521-3765(20010803)7:15<3328::AID-CHEM3328>3.0.CO;2-C
LI SU ET AL: "Design, synthesis and biological evaluation of novel amino acid ureido derivatives as aminopeptidase N/CD13 inhibitors", BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 20, no. 12, 1 June 2012 (2012-06-01), GB, pages 3807 - 3815, XP055282445, ISSN: 0968-0896, DOI: 10.1016/j.bmc.2012.04.035
DATABASE CAPLUS [online] CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS SERVICE, COLUMBUS, OHIO, US; ZAHN, H. ET AL: "Tetra- and hexamethylenebis(.alpha.-imino acid nitriles and acids)", XP002759188, retrieved from STN Database accession no. 1952:23354
DATABASE CAPLUS [online] CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS SERVICE, COLUMBUS, OHIO, US; KORA, FATHI A.: "Some new pyridine-2,6-dicarbonylamino acid and pyridine-2,6-bis(carbamoylamino acid) derivatives with expected antimicrobial activities", XP002759189, retrieved from STN Database accession no. 1994:701236
DATABASE CAPLUS [online] CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS SERVICE, COLUMBUS, OHIO, US; 2010, XU, WENFANG ET AL: "Preparation of urea-based peptide aminopeptidase N inhibitor", XP002759191, retrieved from STN Database accession no. 2010:1109671
OETTE, M; KAISER, R; DAUMER, M ET AL.: "Primary HIV Drug Resistance and Efficacy of First-Line Antiretroviral Therapy Guided by Resistance Testing", J ACQ IMM DEF SYND, vol. 41, no. 5, 2006, pages 573 - 581
"Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences", 1985, MACK PUBLISHING COMPANY
Attorney, Agent or Firm:
BRINK, Robert (709 Swedeland RoadKing of Prussia, PA, US)
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Claims:
CLAIMS is claimed is:

A compound of Formula I, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula I

wherein:

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(Rxa)CON(Rxb)-, and ferrocene;

each R1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -CO(Ry), -CON(Rxa)2, -NHCON(Rxa)2, -NHCO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHC02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHS02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OCH2-aryl, -S02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -SO2- N(Rxa)2, -S02-heterocyclyl, -N(Rxa)2, and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

Rxa and R* are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

Ry is selected from C2-C4 (dialkylamine) or nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl, and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen;

X and X1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X and X1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula I; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R4 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C3 alkyl, C1-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl), hydroxyl, and halogen, with the option for two R4 on the same or adj acent carbon(s) to form a ring;

R2a and R2b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 alkenyl, C3-C5 alkynyl and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, and each is optionally substituted with 1 to 3 substituents selected from halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, and C1-C2 haloaloxy;

each Y is independently oxygen or sulfur;

each J is a bond or is independently selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl; each R5 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, halogen, C2- C5 bicycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C4 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, -S02N(Ci-C4 alkyl)2 and heterocyclyl;

each r is independently from 0 to 5; each R6 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, or C1-C2 haloalkoxy;

each L is independently selected from a five or six-member heteroaryl ring;

each R7 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 alkyl, halogen, C1-C3 haloalkoxy, C1-C3 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -OH, -C2-C5 alkynol, -NHCO(Ci-C3 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C3 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C3 alkyl), -S02N(Ci-C3 alkyl)2, and Ci-Ce alkyne optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halides;

each s is independently from 0 to 4;

E and E' are each independently selected from Ci-Cs alkyl, C2-C8 alkenyl, C2-C8 alkynyl, C5-C8 bicycloalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, and a C1-C2 alkyl group containing any one of the following groups: C5-C8 bicycloalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, aryl, and heterocyclyl;

R a and R b are each independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -S02N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are each independently from 0 to 5;

wherein the attachment of each of " X ", " X1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

2. The compound of claim 1 wherein A is a bond.

3. The compound of claim 2 wherein at least one of X and X1 are independently selected from:

4. The compound of claim 1 wherein A is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-Ce cycloalkyl, C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(Rxa)CON(Rxb)-, and ferrocene.

The compound of claim 4 wherein at least one of X and X1 are a bond.

A compound of Formula II, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula wherein

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -CKC2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(Rxa)CON(Rxb)-, and ferrocene;

each R1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -CO(Ry), -CON(Rxa)2, -NHCON(Rxa)2, -NHCO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), - NHC02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHS02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OCH2-aryl, -S02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -SO2- N(Rxa)2, -S02-heterocyclyl, -N(Rxa)2, and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

Rxa and Rxb are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

Ry is selected from C1-C2 dialkylamine or nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl, and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen;

X and X1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from: wherein the attachment of X, X1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula II; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R4 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C3 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl), hydroxyl, halogen with the option for two R4s on same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

G and G' are each independently selected from

and

each Y is independently oxygen or sulfur;

each J is independently a bond or selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl; each R5 is independently selected from hydrogen, Ci-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), Ci- C4 alkyl, halogen, C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, Ci-C4 haloalkoxy, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, - NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C4 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, -S02N(Ci-C4 alkyl)2 and heterocyclyl;

each r is independently from 0 to 5; each R6 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, or C1-C2 haloalkoxy;

each L is independently selected from a five or six-member heteroaryl ring;

each R7 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 alkyl, halogen, C1-C3 haloalkoxy, C1-C3 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -OH, -C2-C5 alkynol, -NHCO(Ci-C3 alkyl), - NHCON(Ci-C3 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C3 alkyl), and -S02N(Ci-C3 alkyl)2, and Ci-Ce alkyne optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halides;

each s is independently from 0 to 4;

M and M' are independently selected from C1-C7 alkyl, C2-C7 alkenyl, C2-C7 alkynyl, C5- C8 bicycloalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, aryl, and heterocyclyl;

each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -S02N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are each independently from 0 to 5;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

7. A compound of Formula III, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula III wherein A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3- Ce cycloalkyl, C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(Rxa)CON(Rxb)-, and ferrocene; each R1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, Ci- C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2-C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, -(C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -CO(Ry), -CON(Rxa)2,

-NHCON(Rxa)2, -NHCO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHC02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHS02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OCH2-aryl, -S02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -S02-N(Rxa)2, -S02-heterocyclyl, - N(Rxa)2, and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

R*3 and R* are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

Ry is selected from C1-C2 dialkylamine or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl, and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen;

X and X1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X, X1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula III; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R4 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci- C2 alkyl), hydroxyl, and halogen, with the option for two R4 on the same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

J and J' are independently a bond or are independently selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl;

R5a and R5b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C4

alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, -S02N(Ci-C4 alkyl)2 and heterocyclyl;

each r and r' is independently from 0 to 4;

R6a and R6b are each independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, Ci- C2 alkoxy, or Ci-C2 haloalkoxy;

each R3a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (Ci-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, and -S02N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are independently from 0 to 4;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

8. The compound as claimed in claim 7, wherein A is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2- Cs alkenyl, aryl with 1 to 2 rings, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -CO-, heterocyclyl with 1 to 2 rings, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(Rxa)CON(Rxb)-, and ferrocene;

each R1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, Ci-C2 alkoxy, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, Ci-C2 haloalkyl, Ci-C2 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl,-CO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), CO(W\ -CON(Rxa)2, -NHCON(Rxa)2, -S02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -S02-N(Rxa)2, -S02-heterocyclyl, and -N(Rxa)2;

p is from 0 to 4;

each R4 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C3 alkyl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl), hydroxyl, or halogen with the option for two "R4"s on the same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring; and

n is from 0 to 2.

9. The compound as claimed in claim 8, wherein A is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2- C5 alkenyl, aryl with 1 to 2 rings, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -CO-, heterocyclyl with 1 to 2 rings, nitrogen, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(Rxa)CON(Rxb)-, and ferrocene;

each R1 is independently selected from the group of hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, Ci-C2 alkoxy, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, Ci-C2 haloalkyl, Ci-C2 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, Ci-C4 hydroxyalkyl,-CO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), CO(Ry), -CON(Rxa)2, - NHCON(Rxa)2, -S02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -S02-N(Rxa)2, -S02-heterocyclyl, and -N(Rxa)2;

p is from 0 to 4;

each R4 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C3 alkyl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl), hydroxyl, or halogen with the option for two "R4"s on the same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring; and

n is from 0 to 2.

10. The compound as claimed in claim 8, wherein each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, halogen, -CN, and -OH;

q and q' are independently from 0 to 3;

J and J' are independently selected from 1-2 ring aryl, and 1-2 ring heteroaryl;

R5a and R5b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN,

-NHCO(Ci-C2 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C2 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C2 alkyl), -OH, and heterocyclyl;

r and r' are independently from 0 to 4; and

R6a and R6b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkenyl, or C3- C4 cycloalkyl, and with the option for each to be substituted with halogen.

11. The compound as claimed in claim 10, wherein each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenyl, Ci-C2 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C3 haloalkyl, C1-C3 haloalkoxy, halogen, and -CN;

q and q' are independently from 0 to 3;

J and J' are independently selected from 1-2 ring aryl, and 1-2 ring heteroaryl;

R5a and R5b are independently selected from the group of C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN,

-NHCO(Ci-C2 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C2 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C2 alkyl), -OH, and heterocyclyl;

r and r' are independently from 0 to 4; and

R6a and R6b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkenyl, or C3- C4 cycloalkyl, and with the option for each to be substituted with halogen.

12. The compound as claimed in claim 8, wherein A is selected from CO, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, (CH2)t where t = 1-4, -CH=CH- , -CH=C(Me)CH2-, -CH=CH-CH2-, -OCH2CH2O-, -NH(CO)NH-, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, phenyl, biphenyl, pyridine, pyrimidine, bipyrimidine, pyridazine, pyrazine, triazine, piperizine, pyrazole, thiophene, imidazole, , isoxazole, indole, l,3-dihydrobenzo[c] [l,2,5]thiadiazole 2,2-dioxide, 1H- benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one, imidazolidin-2-one, 2,3-dihydrophthalazine-l,4-dione, quinoxaline-2,3(lH,4H)-dione, 3-hydroxyquinoxalin-2(lH)-one, quinazoline-2,4(lH,3H)- dione, and ferrocene;

each R1 is independently selected from H, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C2 haloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, Ci- C2 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, OH, CO2H, cyano, halogen, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, amine, and acetamide;

p is from 0 to 4;

R4 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C2 alkyl, or benzyl; and

n is from 0 to 2.

13. The compound of claim 12, wherein each R a and R b is independently selected from halogen, C1-C2 alkyl, C1-C2 haloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, and C1-C2 haloalkoxy;

q and q' are independently from 0 to 2;

J and J' are each independently selected from phenyl, pyridine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, pyridazine, benzothiazole, benzothiazolone, benzothiadiazole, benzodioxole,

benzoxazolone, benzisothiazole, l-methylpyridin-2(lH)-one, 2,3- dihydrobenzo[b][l,4]dioxine, indazole, benzimidazole, and quinoxaline;

R5a and R5b are each selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, C1-C2 haloalkyl, methylcarbamate, benzyl, morpholinyl, halide, and CN;

r and r' are independently selected from 0 to 2; and

R6a and R6b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, and C1-C4 alkenyl.

14. A compound of Formula IV, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula IV

wherein

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(Rxa)CON(Rxb)-, and ferrocene;

each R1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -CO(Ry), -CON(Rxa)2, -NHCON(Rxa)2, -NHCO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHC02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHS02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OCH2-aryl, -S02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -SO2- N(Rxa)2, -S02-heterocyclyl, -N(Rxa)2, and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

Rxa and Rxb are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

Ry is selected from C1-C2 dialkylamine or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen.

X and X1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X, X1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula IV; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R4 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl)-, hydroxy 1, and halogen, with the option for two R4 on same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

J and J' are independently a bond or selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl; each R5a and R5b is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C2- C4 (alkoxyalkyl), C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 cycloalkyl, Ci-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C4 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, -S02N(Ci-C4 alkyl)2 and heterocyclyl;

r and r' are independently from 0 to 4;

L and L' are independently selected from a five or six-member heteroaryl ring;

each R7a and R7b is independently selected from C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 alkyl, halogen, Ci-

C3 haloalkoxy, C1-C3 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -OH, C2-C5 alkynol, -NHCO(Ci-C3 alkyl),

-NHCON(Ci-C3 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C3 alkyl), and -S02N(Ci-C3 alkyl)2, and C2-Ce alkyne optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halides;

s and s' are independently from 0 to 4;

each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -S02N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are independently from 0 to 4;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

15. The compound as claimed in claim 13, wherein J and J' are each independently selected from phenyl, pyridine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, pyridazine, benzothiazole, benzothiazolone, benzothiadiazole, benzodioxole, benzoxazolone, benzisothiazole, 1- methylpyridin-2(lH)-one, 2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][l,4]dioxine, indazole, benzimidazole, and quinoxaline; R5a and R5b are each independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, C1-C2 haloalkyl, methylcarbamate, benzyl, morpholinyl, halide, and CN;

r and are independently from 0 to 2; and

L and L' are independently selected from a pyridine or an imidazole ring that is attached to the central parental structure through an adjacent carbon atom; and

each of R7a and is independently selected from hydrogen, a C2-C5 alkyne that is optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halide, or a C2-C5 alkynol.

16. A compound of Formula V, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula V

wherein

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(Rxa)CON(Rxb)-, and ferrocene;

each R1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -CO(Ry), -CON(Rxa)2, -NHCON(Rxa)2, -NHCO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHC02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHS02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OCH2-aryl, -S02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -SO2- N(Rxa)2, -S02-heterocyclyl, -N(Rxa)2, and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

Rxa and Rxb are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl; Ry is selected from C1-C2 dialkylamine or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen;

X and X1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X and X1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula V; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R4 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl)-, hydroxy 1, and halogen, with the option for two R4 on same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

J and J' are independently a bond or selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl; R5a and R5b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), C1-C4 alkyl, halogen, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, Ci-C4 haloalkoxy, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C4 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, -S02N(Ci-C4 alkyl)2 and heterocyclyl;

r and r' are independently from 0 to 4;

R6b is selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, or C1-C2 haloalkoxy;

L is selected from a five or six-member heteroaryl ring;

R7a is selected from C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 alkyl, halogen, C1-C3 haloalkoxy, C1-C3 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, OH, C2-C5 alkynol, -NHCO(Ci-C3 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C3 alky 1)2, -NHC02(Ci-C3 alkyl), and -S02N(Ci-C3 alkyl)2, and C2-Ce alkyne optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halides;

each s is independently from 0 to 4;

each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -SC N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are independently from 0 to 4;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

17. A compound of Formula VI, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula VI wherein

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(Rxa)CON(Rxb)-, and ferrocene;

each R1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -CO(Ry), -CON(Rxa)2, -NHCON(Rxa)2, -NHCO-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHC02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHS02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OCH2-aryl, -S02-(Ci-C4 alkyl), -SO2- N(Rxa)2, -S02-heterocyclyl, -N(Rxa)2, and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

Rxa and Rxb are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

Ry is selected from C1-C2 dialkylamine or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen;

X and X1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X and X1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula VI; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R4 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkyl, C1-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl)-, hydroxy 1, and halogen, with the option for two R4 on same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

J' is a bond or is selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl;

R5b is selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, Ci-C4 haloalkoxy, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C4 alkyl)2, -NHC02(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, -S02N(Ci-C4 alkyl)2 and heterocyclyl;

r' is from 0 to 4;

R6b is selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, or C1-C2 haloalkoxy;

Q is a bond or is selected from heterocycle and a -CON(Ci-C3 alkyl)2 with the option for the two alkyl groups together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a heterocycle;

R8 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C2 alkyl and C1-C2 alkyl-S-;

each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -S02N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are independently from 0 to 2;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

18. A composition comprising a compound of claim 1 and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, excipient, and/or diluent.

19. A method of treating method of treating HIV infection comprising administering a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of claim 1 to a patient.

Description:
INHIBITORS OF HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS REPLICATION

CROSS REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims the benefit of U.S. Provisional Application Serial No. 62/151,790 filed April 23, 2015 which is herein incorporated by reference in its entirety.

FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The invention relates to compounds, compositions, and methods for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. More particularly, the invention provides novel inhibitors of HIV, pharmaceutical compositions containing such compounds, and methods for using these compounds in the treatment of HIV infection. The invention also relates to methods for making the compounds hereinafter described. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the result of infection by HIV. It remains a major medical problem, with an estimated 34 million people infected worldwide at the end of 2011, 3.3 million of them under the age of 15. In 2011, there were 2.5 million new infections, and 1.7 million deaths from complications due to HIV/AIDS.

Current therapy for HIV-infected individuals consists of a combination of approved anti-retroviral agents. Over two dozen drugs are currently approved for HIV infection, either as single agents or as fixed dose combinations or single tablet regimens, the latter two containing 2-4 approved agents. These agents belong to a number of different classes, targeting either a viral enzyme or the function of a viral protein during the virus replication cycle. Thus, agents are classified as either nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), non-nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors

(NNRTIs), protease inhibitors (Pis), integrase inhibitors (INIs), or entry inhibitors (one, maraviroc, targets the host CCR5 protein, while the other, enfuvirtide, is a peptide that targets the gp41 region of the viral gpl60 protein). In addition, a pharmacokinetic enhancer with no antiviral activity, i.e., cobicistat, available from Gilead Sciences, Inc. under the tradename TYBOST™ (cobicistat) tablets, has recently been approved for use in combinations with certain antiretroviral agents (ARVs) that may benefit from boosting.

Despite the armamentarium of agents and drug combinations, there remains a medical need for new anti-retroviral agents, due in part to the need for chronic dosing to combat infection. Significant problems related to long-term toxicities are documented, creating a need to address and prevent these co-morbidities (e.g. CNS, CV/metabolic, renal disease). Also, increasing failure rates on current therapies continue to be a problem, due either to the presence or emergence of resistant strains or to non-compliance attributed to drug holidays or adverse side effects. For example, despite therapy, it has been estimated that 63% of subjects receiving combination therapy remained viremic, as they had viral loads >500 copies/mL (Oette, M, Kaiser, R, Daumer, M, et al. Primary HIV Drug Resistance and Efficacy of First-Line Antiretroviral Therapy Guided by Resistance Testing. J Acq Imm Def Synd 2006; 41(5):573-581). Among these patients, 76% had viruses that were resistant to one or more classes of antiretroviral agents. As a result, new drugs are needed that are easier to take, have high genetic barriers to the development of resistance and have improved safety over current agents. In this panoply of choices, novel MO As that can be used as part of the preferred highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen can still have a major role to play since they should be effective against viruses resistant to current agents.

Certain therapeutic compounds are disclosed in WO 2013/006738,

WO 2014/110298, and WO 2014/134566. What is now needed in the art are additional compounds which are novel and useful in the treatment of HIV. Additionally, these compounds may desireably provide advantages for pharmaceutical uses, for example, with regard to one or more of their mechanisms of action, binding, inhibition efficacy, target selectivity, solubility, safety profiles, or bioavailability. Also needed are new formulations and methods of treatment which utilize these compounds. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention encompasses compounds of the invention, e.g., set forth in Formula I below and Formulas II-VI (hereinafter described), including pharmaceutically acceptable salts, their pharmaceutical compositions, and their use in inhibiting HIV and treating those infected with HIV or AIDS.

One aspect of the invention encompasses a compound of Formula I, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula I

wherein:

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C 2 -C 4 alkyl)-0-, -N(R xa )CON(R xb )-, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -CO(R y ), -CON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHC0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHS0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OCH 2 -aryl, -S0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -SO2- N(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -heterocyclyl, -N(R xa ) 2 , and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

R xa and R* are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

R y is selected from C2-C4 (dialkylamine) or nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl, and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen; X and X 1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X and X 1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula I; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X 1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R 4 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C3 alkyl, C1-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl), hydroxyl, and halogen, with the option for two R 4 on the same or adj acent carbon(s) to form a ring;

R 2a and R 2b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 alkenyl, C3-C5 alkynyl and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, and each is optionally substituted with 1 to 3 substituents selected from halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, and C1-C2 haloaloxy;

G and G' are each independently

each Y is independently oxygen or sulfur;

each J is a bond or is independently selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl; each R 5 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, halogen, C2- C 5 bicycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 4 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OH, -S0 2 N(Ci-C 4 alkyl) 2 and heterocyclyl;

each r is independently from 0 to 5;

each R 6 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, Ci-C 2 alkoxy, or Ci-C 2 haloalkoxy;

each L is independently selected from a five or six-member heteroaryl ring;

each R 7 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 alkyl, halogen, C1-C3 haloalkoxy, C1-C3 haloalkyl, -CONH 2 , -CN, -OH, -C 2 -C 5 alkynol, -NHCO(Ci-C 3 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 3 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 3 alkyl), -S0 2 N(Ci-C 3 alkyl) 2 , and Ci-Ce alkyne optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halides;

each s is independently from 0 to 4;

E and E' are each independently selected from Ci-Cs alkyl, C 2 -Cs alkenyl, C 2 -Cs alkynyl, C5-C8 bicycloalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, aryl, heterocyclyl, and a Ci-C 2 alkyl group containing any one of the following groups: Cs-Cs bicycloalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, aryl, and heterocyclyl;

R a and R b are each independently selected from C 2 -C4 alkenoxy, C 2 -C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C 2 -C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -S0 2 N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are each independently from 0 to 5;

wherein the attachment of each of " X ", " X 1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A". In an aspect of the invention, A is a bond and at least one of X and X 1 are independently selected from:

In an aspect of the invention, A is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C 3 -Ce cycloalkyl, C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(R xa )CON(R xb )-, and ferrocene. In an aspect of the invention, at least one of X and X 1 are a bond.

The invention also relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compounds of the invention, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, excipient, and/or diluent.

In addition, the invention provides one or more methods of treating HIV infection comprising administering a therapeutically effective amount of the compounds of the invention to a patient.

Also provided as part of the invention are one or more methods for making compounds of the invention.

The present invention is directed to these, as well as other important ends, hereinafter described.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The singular forms "a", "an", and "the" include plural reference unless the context dictates otherwise.

In all circumstances, where a given group is noted to exist more than once, as in the alkyl group in NHCON(alkyl)2 or dialkylamine, it is understood that the repeat versions of the group in the molecule can be selected independently of each other.

Where appropriate, when a substituent is not specified, it is understood that it is hydrogen.

Unless otherwise expressly set forth elsewhere in the application, the following terms shall have the following meanings:

"Alkenyl" means a straight or branched alkyl group comprised of 2 to 10 carbons with at least one double bond and optionally substituted with 0-3 halo or alkoxy group.

"Alkenyloxy" means an alkenyl group attached to the parent structure by an oxygen atom. "Alkoxy" means an alkyl group attached to the parent structure by an oxygen atom.

"Alkoxy carbonyl" means an alkoxy group attached to the parent structure by a carbonyl moiety.

"Alkyl" means a straight or branched saturated hydrocarbon comprised of 1 to 10 carbons, and preferably 1 to 6 carbons.

"Alkylthioxy" or "alkyl-S-" means an alkyl group attached to the parent structure through a sulfur atom.

"Alkynol" means a hydrocarbon containing both a triple bond and an alcohol group.

"Alkynyl" means a straight or branched alkyl group comprised of 2 to 10 carbons, preferably 3 to 6 carbons, containing at least one triple bond and optionally substituted with 0-3 halo or alkoxy group.

"Aryl" means a carbocyclic group comprised of 1-3 rings that are fused and/or bonded and at least one or a combination of which is aromatic. The non-aromatic carbocyclic portion, where present, will be comprised of C3 to C7 alkyl group. Examples of aromatic group include, but are not limited to, phenyl, biphenyl, cyclopropylphenyl, indane, naphthalene, and tetrahydronaphthalene. The aryl group can be attached to the parent structure through any substitutable carbon atom in the group.

"Arylalkyl" is a C1-C5 alkyl group attached to 1 to 2 aryl groups and linked to the parent structure through the alkyl moiety. Examples include, but are not limited to, -(CH 2 )nPh with n = 1-5, -CH(CH 3 )Ph, -CH(Ph) 2 .

"Aryloxy" is an aryl group attached to the parent structure by oxygen.

"Azaindoline" means one of the aromatic "CH" moieties of an indoline is substituted with a nitrogen atom.

"Azatetrahydroquinoline" means any aromatic CH moiety of tetrahydroquinoline is substituted with a nitrogen atom.

"Benzyloxy" means a benzyl group is attached to the parent structure through an oxygen atom. The phenyl group of the benzyl moiety could be optionally substituted by 1-3 moieties independently selected from the group of alkyl, alkoxy, halo, haloalkyl, haloalkoxy and cyano.

"Cx-Cy" notation indicates a structural element comprised of carbons numbering between 'x' and 'y'. For example, "C5-C10 bicycloalkyl" means a bicyclic ring system comprised of 5 to 10 carbons, where the rings are attached in a fused, spiro or bridged manner; an example of C5-C10 bicycloalkyl include, but is not limited to,

bicyclo[2.2.2]octane. Similarly, "C3-C4 cycloalkyl" is a subset of monocyclic ring system comprised of 3 to 4 carbons.

"Cycloalkyl" means a monocyclic ring system comprised of 3 to 7 carbons.

"Cyano" refers to -CN.

"Diazaindole" means any two "CH" moieties in the 6-member ring of an indole are substituted with nitrogen atoms.

"Diazaindoline" means any two aromatic "CH" moieties of an indoline are substituted with a nitrogen atom.

"Diazatetrahydroquinoline" means any two aromatic CH moieties of

tetrahydroquinoline are substituted with nitrogen atoms.

"Halo" or "halogen" refers to -F, -CI, -Br, or -I.

"Haloalkyl" means an alkyl group substituted by any combination of one to six halogen atoms.

"Haloalkoxy" or "Haloalkyloxy" means a haloalkyl group attached to the parent structure through an oxygen atom.

"Hydroxy" refers to -OH.

"Heteroaryl" is a subset of heterocyclic group as defined below and is comprised of 1-3 rings where at least one or a combination of which is aromatic and that the aromatic group contains at least one atom chosen from a group of oxygen, nitrogen or sulfur.

"Heterocyclyl or heterocyclic" means a cyclic group of 1-3 rings comprised of carbon and at least one other atom selected independently from the group of oxygen, nitrogen and sulfur. The rings could be bridged, fused and/or bonded, through a direct or spiro attachment, with the option to have one or a combination thereof be aromatic. Examples include, but are not limited to pyridine, pyrimidine, bipyrimidine, pyridazine, pyrazine, triazine, piperizine, pyrazole, thiophene, imidazole, isoxazole, indole, 1,3- dihydrobenzo[c][l,2,5]thiadiazole 2,2-dioxide, lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one, imidazolidin-2-one, 2,3-dihydrophthalazine-l,4-dione, quinoxaline-2,3(lH,4H)-dione, 3- hydroxyquinoxalin-2(lH)-one, quinazoline-2,4(lH,3H)-dione, benzothiazole, benzothiazolone, benzothiadiazole, benzodioxole, benzoxazolone, benzisothiazole, 1- methylpyridin-2(lH)-one, 2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][l,4]dioxine, indazole, benzimidazole, quinoxaline, azaindole, azetidine, benzothiophene, benzoxazole, chroman,

dihydrobenzofuran, dihydro-benzo[l,4]oxazine, 2,3-dihydrobenzo[d]isothiazole 1,1- di oxide, furanylphenyl, imidazo[l,2-a]pyridine, indoline, isoquinoline, isoquinolinone, isothiazolidine 1,1 -dioxide, morpholine, oxadiazole-phenyl, phenylaztidine, piperidine, pyridinylphenyl, pyrrolidine, pyrrole, quinazoline, quinoline, tetrahydroisoquinoline, tetrahydroquinoline, triazole, or triazolone. Unless otherwise specifically set forth, the heterocyclic group can be attached to the parent structure through any suitable atom in the group that results in a stable compound.

It is understood that a subset of the noted heterocyclic examples encompass regioisomers. For instance, "azaindole" refers to any of the following regioisomers: 1H- pyrrolo [2,3 -b] pyridine, lH-pyrrolo[2,3-c]pyridine, lH-pyrrolo[3,2-c]pyridine, and 1H- pyrrolo [3, 2-b] pyridine.

"Heterocyclylalkyl" is a heterocyclyl moiety attached to the parent structure through an alkyl group.

"-SC N-heterocyclyl" means a nitrogen containing heterocycle that is attached through its nitrogen to S02 which in turn is attached to the parent structure.

"Tetrahydroquinoline" means 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinoline.

Substituents which are illustrated by chemical drawing to bond at variable positions on a multiple ring system (for example a bicyclic ring system) are intended to bond to the ring where they are drawn to append. Parenthetic and multiparenthetic terms are intended to clarify bonding relationships to those skilled in the art. For example, a term such as ((R)alkyl) means an alkyl substituent further substituted with the substituent R; the term "-CO-(Ci-C4 alkyl)" means an alkyl group comprised of one to four carbons is attached to the parent structure through carbonyl; and, the term "C2-C4 (dialkylamine)" means a dialkylamine moiety that is comprised of a total of 2 to 4 carbons. Also, those skilled in the art will recognize that the compounds of the invention may have a variety of substituents as set forth, for example, in Formulas I-VI, to the extent the substitutions are chemically possible. For example, those skilled in the art will recognize that when "A" in Formula I is a bond, then "p" must be "0" in order for R 1 to be absent.

Those terms not specifically set forth herein shall have the meaning which is commonly understood and accepted in the art.

The invention includes all pharmaceutically acceptable salt forms of the compounds. Pharmaceutically acceptable salts are those in which the counter ions do not contribute significantly to the physiological activity or toxicity of the compounds and as such function as pharmacological equivalents. These salts can be made according to common organic techniques employing commercially available reagents. Some anionic salt forms include acetate, acistrate, besylate, bromide, chloride, citrate, fumarate, glucouronate, hydrobromide, hydrochloride, hydroiodide, iodide, lactate, maleate, mesylate, nitrate, pamoate, phosphate, succinate, sulfate, tartrate, tosylate, and xinofoate. Some cationic salt forms include ammonium, aluminum, benzathine, bismuth, calcium, choline, diethylamine, diethanolamine, lithium, magnesium, meglumine,

4-phenylcyclohexylamine, piperazine, potassium, sodium, tromethamine, and zinc.

Some of the compounds of the invention exist in stereoisomeric forms. The invention includes all stereoisomeric forms of the compounds including enantiomers and diastereromers. Methods of making and separating stereoisomers are known in the art. The invention includes all tautomeric forms of the compounds. The invention includes atropisomers and rotational isomers.

The invention is intended to include all isotopes of atoms occurring in the present compounds. Isotopes include those atoms having the same atomic number but different mass numbers. By way of general example and without limitation, isotopes of hydrogen include deuterium and tritium. Isotopes of carbon include 1 C and 14 C. Isotopically- labeled compounds of the invention can generally be prepared by conventional techniques known to those skilled in the art or by processes analogous to those described herein, using an appropriate isotopically-labeled reagent in place of the non-labeled reagent otherwise employed. Such compounds may have a variety of potential uses, for example as standards and reagents in determining biological activity. In the case of stable isotopes, such compounds may have the potential to favorably modify biological, pharmacological, or pharmacokinetic properties.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula II, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula wherein

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -CKC2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(R xa )CON(R xb )-, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -CO(R y ), -CON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), - NHC0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHS0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OCH 2 -aryl, -S0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -SO2- N(R xa ) 2 , -S02-heterocyclyl, -N(R xa ) 2 , and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

R xa and R xb are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

R y is selected from C1-C2 dialkylamine or nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl, and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen;

X and X 1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X, X 1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula II; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X 1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R 4 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C3 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl), hydroxyl, halogen with the option for two R 4 s on same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

G and G' are each independently selected from

and

each Y is independently oxygen or sulfur;

each J is independently a bond or selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl; each R 5 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), Ci-

C 4 alkyl, halogen, C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -

NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 4 alkyl)2, -NHC0 2 (Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, -S0 2 N(Ci-C4 alkyl)2 and heterocyclyl;

each r is independently from 0 to 5;

each R 6 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, or C1-C2 haloalkoxy;

each L is independently selected from a five or six-member heteroaryl ring;

each R 7 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 alkyl, halogen, C1-C3 haloalkoxy, C1-C3 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -OH, -C2-C5 alkynol, -NHCO(Ci-C 3 alkyl), - NHCON(Ci-C 3 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 3 alkyl), and -S0 2 N(Ci-C 3 alkyl) 2 , and Ci-Ce alkyne optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halides;

each s is independently from 0 to 4;

M and M' are independently selected from C1-C7 alkyl, C 2 -C7 alkenyl, C 2 -C7 alkynyl, C5- C8 bicycloalkyl, C3-C7 cycloalkyl, aryl, and heterocyclyl;

each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C 2 -C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -S0 2 N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are each independently from 0 to 5;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X 1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula III, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula III wherein

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C 2 -Cs alkenyl, C 2 -Cs alkynyl, aryl, C3- Ce cycloalkyl, C 2 -C 5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C 2 -C4 alkyl)-0-, -N(R xa )CON(R xb )-, and ferrocene; each R 1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C 2 -C4 alkenyl, Ci- C4 alkoxy, C 2 -C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C 2 -C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, -(C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -CO(Ry), -CON(R xa ) 2 ,

-NHCON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHC0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHS0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OCH 2 -aryl, -S0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -S0 2 -N(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -heterocyclyl, - N(R xa ) 2 , and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

R* 3 and R* are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

R y is selected from Ci-C 2 dialkylamine or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl, and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen;

X and X 1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X, X 1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula III; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X 1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R 4 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci- C 2 alkyl), hydroxyl, and halogen, with the option for two R 4 on the same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

J and J' are independently a bond or are independently selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl;

R 5a and R 5b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C 2 -C4 (alkoxyalkyl), C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH 2 , -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 4

alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OH, -S0 2 N(Ci-C 4 alkyl) 2 and heterocyclyl;

each r and r' is independently from 0 to 4;

R 6a and R 6b are each independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C 2 -C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, Ci- C 2 alkoxy, or Ci-C 2 haloalkoxy; each R 3a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (Ci-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, and -S02N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are independently from 0 to 4;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X 1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula III, wherein A is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, aryl with 1 to 2 rings, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -CO-, heterocyclyl with 1 to 2 rings, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -NCR'^CONCR'*)-, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C2 haloalkyl, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl,-CO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), CO(W\ -CON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCON(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -S0 2 -N(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -heterocyclyl, and -N(R xa ) 2 ;

p is from 0 to 4;

each R 4 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C3 alkyl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl), hydroxyl, or halogen with the option for two "R 4 "s on the same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring; and

n is from 0 to 2.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula III, wherein A is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, aryl with 1 to 2 rings, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -CO-, heterocyclyl with 1 to 2 rings, nitrogen, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, - N(R xa )CON(R xb )-, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from the group of hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C2 haloalkyl, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl,-CO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), CO(R y ), -CON(R xa ) 2 , - NHCON(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -S0 2 -N(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -heterocyclyl, and -N(R xa ) 2 ;

p is from 0 to 4; each R 4 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C3 alkyl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl), hydroxyl, or halogen with the option for two "R 4 "s on the same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring; and

n is from 0 to 2.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula III, wherein each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, halogen, -CN, and -OH; q and q' are independently from 0 to 3;

J and J' are independently selected from 1-2 ring aryl, and 1-2 ring heteroaryl;

R 5a and R 5b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C 2 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 2 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 2 alkyl), -OH, and heterocyclyl;

r and r' are independently from 0 to 4; and

R 6a and R 6b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkenyl, or C3- C4 cycloalkyl, and with the option for each to be substituted with halogen.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula III, wherein each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, Ci- C4 alkyl, Ci-C3 haloalkyl, C1-C3 haloalkoxy, halogen, and -CN;

q and q' are independently from 0 to 3;

J and J' are independently selected from 1-2 ring aryl, and 1-2 ring heteroaryl;

R 5a and R 5b are independently selected from the group of C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C 2 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 2 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 2 alkyl), -OH, and heterocyclyl;

r and r' are independently from 0 to 4; and

R 6a and R 6b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkenyl, or C3- C4 cycloalkyl, and with the option for each to be substituted with halogen.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula III, wherein A is selected from CO, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, (CH2)t where t = 1-4, -CH=CH- , -CH=C(Me)CH 2 -, -CH=CH-CH 2 -, -OCH2CH2O-, -NH(CO)NH-, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, phenyl, biphenyl, pyridine, pyrimidine, bipyrimidine, pyridazine, pyrazine, triazine, piperizine, pyrazole, thiophene, imidazole, , isoxazole, indole, 1,3- dihydrobenzo[c][l,2,5]thiadiazole 2,2-dioxide, lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one, imidazolidin-2-one, 2,3-dihydrophthalazine-l,4-dione, quinoxaline-2,3(lH,4H)-dione, 3- hydroxyquinoxalin-2(lH)-one, quinazoline-2,4(lH,3H)-dione, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from H, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C2 haloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, Ci- C2 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, OH, CO2H, cyano, halogen, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, amine, and acetamide;

p is from 0 to 4;

R 4 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C2 alkyl, or benzyl; and

n is from 0 to 2.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula III, wherein each R a and R b is independently selected from halogen, C1-C2 alkyl, C1-C2 haloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, and C1-C2 haloalkoxy;

q and q' are independently from 0 to 2;

J and J' are each independently selected from phenyl, pyridine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, pyridazine, benzothiazole, benzothiazolone, benzothiadiazole, benzodioxole,

benzoxazolone, benzisothiazole, l-methylpyridin-2(lH)-one, 2,3- dihydrobenzo[b][l,4]dioxine, indazole, benzimidazole, and quinoxaline;

R 5a and R 5b are each selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, C1-C2 haloalkyl, methylcarbamate, benzyl, morpholinyl, halide, and CN;

r and r' are independently selected from 0 to 2; and

R 6a and R 6b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, and

C1-C4 alkenyl.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula IV, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula IV

wherein

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C 2 -C 4 alkyl)-0-, -N(R xa )CON(R xb )-, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -CO(R y ), -CON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl),

-NHC0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHS0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OCH 2 -aryl, -S0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -SO2- N(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -heterocyclyl, -N(R xa ) 2 , and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

R xa and R xb are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

R y is selected from C1-C2 dialkylamine or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen.

X and X 1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X, X 1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula IV; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X 1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R 4 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl)-, hydroxy 1, and halogen, with the option for two R 4 on same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

J and J' are independently a bond or selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl; each R 5a and R 5b is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C2- C4 (alkoxyalkyl), C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 cycloalkyl, Ci-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 4 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OH, -S0 2 N(Ci-C4 alkyl) 2 and heterocyclyl;

r and r' are independently from 0 to 4;

L and L' are independently selected from a five or six-member heteroaryl ring;

each R 7a and R 7b is independently selected from C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 alkyl, halogen, Ci-

C 3 haloalkoxy, C1-C3 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -OH, C2-C5 alkynol, -NHCO(Ci-C 3 alkyl),

-NHCON(Ci-C 3 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 3 alkyl), and -S0 2 N(Ci-C 3 alkyl) 2 , and C 2 -Ce alkyne optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halides;

s and s' are independently from 0 to 4;

each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -S02N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are independently from 0 to 4;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X 1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula IV, wherein A is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, aryl with 1 to 2 rings, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -CO-, heterocyclyl with 1 to 2 rings, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C2-C4 alkyl)-0-, -NCR'^CONCR'*)-, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from the group of hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C2 haloalkyl, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, Ci-C 4 hydroxyalkyl,-CO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), CO(R y ), -CON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCON(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -(Ci-C4 alkyl), -S0 2 -N(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -heterocyclyl, and -N(R xa ) 2 ; p is from 0 to 4;

each R 4 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C3 alkyl, aryl(Ci-C 2 alkyl), hydroxyl, and halogen, with the option for two R 4 on the same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

n is from 0 to 2; and

each R 3a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, halogen, -CN, and -OH; and q and q' are independently selected from 0 to 3.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula IV, wherein J and J' are independently selected from 1-2 ring aryl, and 1-2 ring heteroaryl; R 5a and R 5b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, Ci-C4 haloalkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, -CONH 2 , -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C 2 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 2 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 2 alkyl), -OH, and heterocyclyl;

r and r' are independently from 0 to 4;

L and L' are independently selected from a five or six-member heteroaryl ring containing at least one nitrogen atom and that the moiety is attached to the central parental structure through an adjacent carbon atom; and

R 7a and are each independently selected from C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 alkyl, halogen, Ci- C3 haloalkoxy, Ci-C 3 haloalkyl, -CONH 2 , -CN, OH, C 2 -Cs alkyne that is optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halide, C 2 -Cs alkynol, -NHCO(Ci-C 3 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 3 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 3 alkyl), and -S0 2 N(Ci-C 3 alkyl) 2 .

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula IV, wherein A is selected from CO, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, (CH 2 )t where t = 1-4, -CH=CH- , -CH=C(Me)CH 2 -, -CH=CH-CH 2 -, -OCH 2 CH 2 0-, -NH(CO)NH-, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, phenyl, biphenyl, pyridine, pyrimidine, bipyrimidine, pyridazine, pyrazine, triazine, piperizine, pyrazole, thiophene, imidazole, , isoxazole, indole, 1,3- dihydrobenzo[c][l,2,5]thiadiazole 2,2-dioxide, lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one, imidazolidin-2-one, 2,3-dihydrophthalazine-l,4-dione, quinoxaline-2,3(lH,4H)-dione, 3- hydroxyquinoxalin-2(lH)-one, quinazoline-2,4(lH,3H)-dione, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from H, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C2 haloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, Ci- C2 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, OH, CO2H, cyano, halogen, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, amine, and acetamide;

p is from 0 to 4;

R 4 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C2 alkyl, or benzyl;

n is from 0 to 2;

each R a and R b is independently selected from halogen, C1-C2 alkyl, C1-C2 haloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, and C1-C2 haloalkoxy; and

q and q' are each independently from 0 to 2.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula IV, wherein J and J' are each independently selected from phenyl, pyridine, pyrimidine, pyrazine, pyridazine, benzothiazole, benzothiazolone, benzothiadiazole, benzodioxole, benzoxazolone, benzisothiazole, l-methylpyridin-2(lH)-one, 2,3- dihydrobenzo[b] [l,4]dioxine, indazole, benzimidazole, and quinoxaline;

R 5a and R 5b are each independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, C1-C2 haloalkoxy, C1-C2 haloalkyl, methylcarbamate, benzyl, morpholinyl, halide, and CN;

r and are independently from 0 to 2; and

L and L' are independently selected from a pyridine or an imidazole ring that is attached to the central parental structure through an adjacent carbon atom; and

each of R 7a and is independently selected from hydrogen, a C2-C5 alkyne that is optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halide, or a C2-C5 alkynol.

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula V, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula V

wherein

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C 2 -C 4 alkyl)-0-, -N(R xa )CON(R xb )-, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -CO(R y ), -CON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl),

-NHC0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHS0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OCH 2 -aryl, -S0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -SO2- N(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -heterocyclyl, -N(R xa ) 2 , and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

R xa and R xb are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

R y is selected from C1-C2 dialkylamine or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen;

X and X 1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X and X 1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula V; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X 1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R 4 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkyl, C2-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl)-, hydroxy 1, and halogen, with the option for two R 4 on same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

J and J' are independently a bond or selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl; R 5a and R 5b are independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), C1-C4 alkyl, halogen, C3-C4 cycloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 4 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OH, -S0 2 N(Ci-C 4 alkyl)2 and heterocyclyl;

r and are independently from 0 to 4;

R 6b is selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, or C1-C2 haloalkoxy;

L is selected from a five or six-member heteroaryl ring;

R 7a is selected from C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 alkyl, halogen, C1-C3 haloalkoxy, C1-C3 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, OH, C2-C5 alkynol, -NHCO(Ci-C 3 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 3 alky 1) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 3 alkyl), and -S0 2 N(Ci-C 3 alkyl) 2 , and C 2 -Ce alkyne optionally substituted with 1 to 2 halides;

each s is independently from 0 to 4;

each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -S02N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are independently from 0 to 4;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X 1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A". In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of Formula VI, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof:

Formula VI wherein

A is a bond or is selected from C1-C5 alkyl, C2-C5 alkenyl, C2-C5 alkynyl, aryl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl, -C2-C5 bicycloalkyl, -CO-, -CS-, -C(=N-CN)-, heterocyclyl, nitrogen, sulfur, oxygen, -0-(C 2 -C 4 alkyl)-0-, -N(R xa )CON(R xb )-, and ferrocene;

each R 1 is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy)carbonyl, C1-C4 alkylthioxy, benzyloxy, C2- C4 alkynyl, aryl, carboxylic acid, cyano, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, heterocyclyl, hydroxy, C1-C4 hydroxyalkyl, thioxy, -CH2NH2, - (C1-C4 alkyl)-heteroaryl, -CO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -CO(R y ), -CON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCON(R xa ) 2 , -NHCO-(Ci-C 4 alkyl),

-NHC0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHS0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OCH 2 -aryl, -S0 2 -(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -SO2- N(R xa ) 2 , -S0 2 -heterocyclyl, -N(R xa ) 2 , and nitro;

p is from 0 to 5;

R xa and R xb are independently selected from hydrogen, alkyl, or haloalkyl;

R y is selected from C1-C2 dialkylamine or a nitrogen-containing heterocyclyl and is attached to the parent fragment through its nitrogen;

X and X 1 are each are independently a bond or are selected from:

wherein the attachment of X and X 1 to the parent structure is such that the bond with the arrow is oriented toward the respective nitrogen shown in Formula VI; provided, however, that when A is a bond, at least one X or X 1 is not a bond;

each n is independently from 0 to 2;

each R 4 is independently selected from C1-C3 alkyl, C1-C3 alkenyl, aryl, aryl(Ci-C2 alkyl)-, hydroxy 1, and halogen, with the option for two R 4 on same or adjacent carbon(s) to form a ring;

J' is a bond or is selected from aryl, heterocyclyl, or C3-C7 cycloalkyl;

R 5b is selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), C3-C4 cycloalkyl, halogen, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, -CONH2, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C 4 alkyl), -NHCON(Ci-C 4 alkyl) 2 , -NHC0 2 (Ci-C 4 alkyl), -OH, -S0 2 N(Ci-C 4 alkyl) 2 and heterocyclyl;

is from 0 to 4;

R 6b is selected from hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, and C3-C4 cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with halogen, hydroxyl, C1-C2 alkoxy, or C1-C2 haloalkoxy;

Q is a bond or is selected from heterocycle and a -CON(Ci-C3 alkyl)2 with the option for the two alkyl groups together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a heterocycle;

R 8 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C2 alkyl and C1-C2 alkyl-S-;

each R a and R b is independently selected from C2-C4 alkenoxy, C2-C4 alkenyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C2-C4 (alkoxyalkyl), (C1-C4 alkoxy )carbonyl, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, carboxyamide, halogen, -CN, -NHCO(Ci-C4 alkyl), -OH, C1-C4

hydroxyalkyl, and -S02N-heterocycle; and

q and q' are independently from 0 to 2;

wherein the attachment of " X ", " X 1 " or N to "A" could be on the same or different atom(s) of "A".

In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a compound of composition comprising a compound of the invention and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, excipient, and/or diluent. In an aspect of the invention, there is provided a method of treating method of treating HIV infection comprising administering a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of the invention to a patient. Preferred compounds of the invention, including pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof, are selected from the group of:

-32-

Pharmaceutical Compositions and Methods of Use

The compounds of the invention herein described and set forth are generally given as pharmaceutical compositions. These compositions are comprised of a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formulas I-VI or its pharmaceutically acceptable salt, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier and may contain conventional excipients and/or diluents. A therapeutically effective amount is that which is needed to provide a meaningful patient benefit. Pharmaceutically acceptable carriers are those conventionally known carriers having acceptable safety profiles. Compositions encompass all common solid and liquid forms, including capsules, tablets, lozenges, and powders, as well as liquid suspensions, syrups, elixirs, and solutions. Compositions are made using available formulation techniques, and excipients (such as binding and wetting agents) and vehicles (such as water and alcohols) which are generally used for compositions. See, for example, Remington's Pharmaceutical Sciences, 17th edition, Mack Publishing

Company, Easton, PA (1985).

Solid compositions which are normally formulated in dosage units and compositions providing from about 1 to 1000 mg of the active ingredient per dose are preferred. Some examples of dosages are 1 mg, 10 mg, 100 mg, 250 mg, 500 mg, and 1000 mg. Generally, other antiretro viral agents will be present in a unit range similar to agents of that class used clinically. Typically, this is about 0.25-1000 mg/unit.

Liquid compositions are usually in dosage unit ranges. Generally, the liquid composition will be in a unit dosage range of about 1-100 mg/mL. Some examples of dosages are 1 mg/mL, 10 mg/mL, 25 mg/mL, 50 mg/mL, and 100 mg/mL. Generally, other antiretroviral agents will be present in a unit range similar to agents of that class used clinically. Typically, this is about 1-100 mg/mL.

The invention encompasses all conventional modes of administration; oral and parenteral methods are preferred. Generally, the dosing regimen will be similar to other antiretroviral agents used clinically. Typically, the daily dose will be about 1-100 mg/kg body weight daily. Generally, more compound is required orally and less parenterally. The specific dosing regimen, however, will be determined by a physician using sound medical judgment.

The compounds of this invention desireably have activity against HIV.

Accordingly, another aspect of the invention is a method for treating HIV infection in a human patient comprising administering a therapeutically effective amount of a compound of Formulas I-VI, including a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, with a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier, excipient and/or diluent.

The invention also encompasses methods where the compound is given in combination therapy. That is, the compound can be used in conjunction with, but separately from, other agents useful in treating AIDS and HIV infection. The compound can also be used in combination therapy wherein the compound and one or more of the other agents are physically together in a fixed-dose combination (FDC). Some of these agents include HIV attachment inhibitors, CCR5 inhibitors, CXCR4 inhibitors, HIV cell fusion inhibitors, HIV integrase inhibitors, HIV nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, HIV non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, HIV protease inhibitors, budding and maturation inhibitors, immunomodulators, and anti-infectives. In these combination methods, the compound of Formulas I-VI will generally be given in a daily dose of about 1-100 mg/kg body weight daily in conjunction with other agents. The other agents generally will be given in the amounts used therapeutically. The specific dosing regimen, however, will be determined by a physician using sound medical judgment.

"Combination," "coadministration," "concurrent" and similar terms referring to the administration of a compound of Formulas I-VI with at least one anti-HIV agent mean that the components are part of a combination antiretroviral therapy or HAART as understood by practitioners in the field of AIDS and HIV infection.

Thus, as set forth above, contemplated herein are combinations of the compounds of Formulas I-VI, together with one or more agents useful in the treatment of AIDS. For example, the compounds of the invention may be effectively administered, whether at periods of pre-exposure and/or post-exposure, in combination with effective amounts of the AIDS antivirals, immunomodulators, anti-infectives, or vaccines, such as those in the following non-limiting table:

ANTIVIRALS

Drug Name Manufacturer Indication

Rilpivirine Tibotec HIV infection, AIDS, ARC

(non-nucleoside

reverse transcriptase inhibitor) COMPLERA® Gilead HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC; combination with emtricitabine, rilpivirine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate

097 Hoechst/Bayer HIV infection,

AIDS, ARC

(non-nucleoside

reverse transcriptase (RT)

inhibitor)

Amprenavir Glaxo Wellcome HIV infection,

141 W94 AIDS, ARC

GW 141 (protease inhibitor)

Abacavir (1592U89) Glaxo Wellcome HIV infection,

GW 1592 AIDS, ARC

(RT inhibitor)

Acemannan Carrington Labs ARC

(Irving, TX) Acyclovir Burroughs Wellcome HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC

AD-439 Tanox Biosystems HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC

AD-519 Tanox Biosystems HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC Adefovir dipivoxil Gilead Sciences HIV infection

AL-721 Ethigen ARC, PGL

(Los Angeles, CA) HIV positive, AIDS Alpha Interferon Glaxo Wellcome Kaposi's sarcoma,

HIV in combination w/Retrovir

Ansamycin Adria Laboratories ARC

LM 427 (Dublin, OH)

Erbamont

(Stamford, CT)

Antibody which Advanced Biotherapy AIDS, ARC

Neutralizes pH Concepts

Labile alpha aberrant (Rockville, MD)

Interferon

AR177 Aronex Pharm HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC

Beta-fluoro-ddA Nat'l Cancer Institute AIDS-associated

diseases

BMS-234475 Bristol-Myers Squibb/ HIV infection,

(CGP-61755) Novartis AIDS, ARC

(protease inhibitor)

CI-1012 Warner-Lambert HIV-1 infection Cidofovir Gilead Science CMV retinitis,

herpes, papillomavirus

Curdlan sulfate AJI Pharma USA HIV infection Cytomegalovirus Medlmmune CMV retinitis

Immune globin Cytovene Syntex Sight threatening

Ganciclovir CMV

peripheral CMV retinitis

Darunavir Tibotec- J & J HIV infection, AIDS, ARC

(protease inhibitor)

Delaviridine Pharmacia-Upj ohn HIV infection,

AIDS, ARC

(RT inhibitor)

Dextran Sulfate Ueno Fine Chem. AIDS, ARC, HIV

Ind. Ltd. (Osaka, positive

Japan) asymptomatic ddC Hoffman-La Roche HIV infection, AIDS,

Dideoxycytidine ARC ddl Bristol-Myers Squibb HIV infection, AIDS,

Dideoxyinosine ARC; combination

with AZT/d4T

DMP-450 AVID HIV infection,

(Camden, NJ) AIDS, ARC

(protease inhibitor) Efavirenz Bristol Myers Squibb HIV infection,

(DMP 266, SUSTIVA ® ) AIDS, ARC

(-)6-Chloro-4-(S)- (non-nucleoside RT cyclopropylethynyl- inhibitor)

4(S)-trifluoro- methyl- 1 ,4-dihy dro- 2H-3 , 1 -benzoxazin- 2-one, STOCRINE EL10 Elan Corp, PLC HIV infection

(Gainesville, GA)

Etravirine Tibotec/ J & J HIV infection, AIDS, ARC

(non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor)

Famciclovir Smith Kline herpes zoster,

herpes simplex

GS 840 Gilead HIV infection,

AIDS, ARC

(reverse transcriptase inhibitor)

HBY097 Hoechst Marion HIV infection,

Roussel AIDS, ARC

(non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor)

Hypericin VIMRx Pharm. HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC Recombinant Human Triton Biosciences AIDS, Kaposi's Interferon Beta (Almeda, CA) sarcoma, ARC Interferon alfa-n3 Interferon Sciences ARC, AIDS

Indinavir Merck HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC, asymptomatic HIV positive, also in combination with AZT/ddl/ddC

ISIS 2922 ISIS Pharmaceuticals CMV retinitis KNI-272 Nat'l Cancer Institute HIV-assoc. diseases

Lamivudine. 3TC Glaxo Wellcome HIV infection,

AIDS, ARC

(reverse

transcriptase inhibitor); also with AZT

Lobucavir Bristol-Myers Squibb CMV infection

Nelfinavir Agouron HIV infection,

Pharmaceuticals AIDS, ARC

(protease inhibitor) Nevirapine Boeheringer HIV infection,

Ingleheim AIDS, ARC

(RT inhibitor) Novapren Novaferon Labs, Inc. HIV inhibitor

(Akron, OH)

Peptide T Peninsula Labs AIDS

Octapeptide (Belmont, CA)

Sequence

Trisodium Astra Pharm. CMV retinitis, HIV Phosphonoformate Products, Inc. infection, other CMV infections

PNU- 140690 Pharmacia Upjohn HIV infection,

AIDS, ARC

(protease inhibitor)

Probucol Vyrex HIV infection, AIDS RBC-CD4 Sheffield Med. HIV infection,

Tech (Houston, TX) AIDS, ARC

Ritonavir Abbott HIV infection,

AIDS, ARC

(protease inhibitor) Saquinavir Hoffmann- HIV infection,

LaRoche AIDS, ARC

(protease inhibitor)

Stavudine; d4T Bristol-Myers Squibb HIV infection, AIDS, Didehydrodeoxy- ARC

Thymidine Tipranavir Boehringer Ingelheim HIV infection, AIDS, ARC

(protease inhibitor)

Valaciclovir Glaxo Wellcome Genital HSV & CMV

Infections

Virazole Viratek/ICN asymptomatic HIV

Ribavirin (Costa Mesa, CA) positive, LAS, ARC VX-478 Vertex HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC

Zalcitabine Hoffmann-LaRoche HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC, with AZT

Zidovudine: AZT Glaxo Wellcome HIV infection, AIDS,

ARC, Kaposi's

sarcoma, in combination with other therapies

Tenofovir disoproxil, HIV infection,

fumarate salt (VIREAD ® ) AIDS,

(reverse transcriptase inhibitor)

EMTRIVA ® Gilead HIV infection,

(Emtricitabine) (FTC) AIDS,

(reverse transcriptase inhibitor) COMBIVIR' GSK HIV infection,

AIDS,

(reverse transcriptase inhibitor)

Abacavir succinate HIV infection,

(or ZIAGEN®) AIDS,

(reverse transcriptase inhibitor)

REYATAZ® Bristol-Myers Squibb HIV infection

(or atazanavir) AIDs, protease

inhibitor

FUZEON® Roche / Trimeris HIV infection

(Enfuvirtide or T-20) AIDs, viral Fusion

inhibitor

LEXIVA® GSK/Vertex HIV infection

(or Fosamprenavir calcium) AIDs, viral protease

inhibitor

SELZENTRY™

Maraviroc; (UK 427857) HIV infection

AIDs, (CCR5 antagonist, in development)

TRIZIVIR ® GSK HIV infection

AIDs, (three drug combination) Sch-417690 (vicriviroc) Schering-Plough HIV infection

AIDs, (CCR5 antagonist, in development)

TAK-652 Takeda HIV infection

AIDs, (CCR5 antagonist, in development)

GSK 873140 GSK/ONO HIV infection

(ONO-4128) AIDs, (CCR5 antagonist, in development)

Integrase Inhibitor Merck HIV infection

MK-0518 AIDs

Raltegravir

TRUVADA ® Gilead Combination of Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate salt (VIREAD®) and EMTRIVA' (Emtricitabine)

Integrase Inhibitor Gilead/Japan Tobacco HIV Infection

GS917/JTK-303 AIDs

Elvitegravir in development

Triple drug combination Gilead/Bristol-Myers Squibb Combination of Tenofovir ATRIPLA® disoproxil fumarate salt

(VIREAD®), EMTRIVA® (Emtricitabine), and

SUSTIVA^ (Efavirenz) FESTINAVIR ® Oncolys BioPharma HIV infection

AIDs

in development CMX-157 Chimerix HIV infection

Lipid conjugate of AIDs

nucleotide tenofovir

GSK1349572 GSK HIV infection Integrase inhibitor AIDs

IMMUNOMODULATORS

Drug Name Manufacturer Indication

AS-101 Wyeth-Ayerst AIDS

Bropirimine Pharmacia Upjohn Advanced AIDS Acemannan Carrington Labs, Inc. AIDS, ARC

(Irving, TX)

CL246J38 Wyeth AIDS, Kaposi's

Lederle Labs sarcoma

FP-21399 Fuki ImmunoPharm Blocks HIV fusion with CD4+ cells

Gamma Interferon Genentech ARC, in combination w/TNF (tumor necrosis factor) Granulocyte Genetics Institute AIDS

Macrophage Colony Sandoz

Stimulating Factor Granulocyte Hoechst-Roussel AIDS

Macrophage Colony Immunex

Stimulating Factor

Granulocyte Schering-Plough AIDS,

Macrophage Colony combination

Stimulating Factor w/AZT

HIV Core Particle Rorer Seropositive HIV Immunostimulant

IL-2 Cetus AIDS, in combination

Interleukin-2 w/AZT IL-2 Hoffman-LaRoche AIDS, ARC, HIV, in Interleukin-2 Immunex combination w/AZT IL-2 Chiron AIDS, increase in

Interleukin-2 CD4 cell counts (aldeslukin)

Immune Globulin Cutter Biological Pediatric AIDS, in

Intravenous (Berkeley, CA) combination w/AZT

(human)

IMREG-1 Imreg AIDS, Kaposi's

(New Orleans, LA) sarcoma, ARC, PGL IMREG-2 Imreg AIDS, Kaposi's

(New Orleans, LA) sarcoma, ARC, PGL

Imuthiol Diethyl Merieux Institute AIDS, ARC

Dithio Carbamate

Alpha-2 Schering Plough Kaposi's sarcoma Interferon w/AZT, AIDS Methionine- TNI Pharmaceutical AIDS, ARC

Enkephalin (Chicago, IL)

MTP-PE Ciba-Geigy Corp. Kaposi's sarcoma

Muramyl-Tripeptide

Granulocyte Amgen AIDS, in combination Colony Stimulating w/AZT

Factor Remune Immune Response Immunotherapeutic

Corp. rCD4 Genentech AIDS, ARC

Recombinant

Soluble Human CD4 rCD4-IgG AIDS, ARC hybrids Recombinant Biogen AIDS, ARC

Soluble Human CD4

Interferon Hoffman-La Roche Kaposi's sarcoma Alfa 2a AIDS, ARC,

in combination w/AZT

SK&F 106528 Smith Kline HIV infection Soluble T4

Thymopentin Immunobiology HIV infection

Research Institute

(Annandale, NJ)

Tumor Necrosis Genentech ARC, in combination Factor; TNF w/gamma Interferon

ANTI-INFECTIVES

Drug Name Manufacturer Indication

Clindamycin Pharmacia Upjohn PCP

Primaquine Fluconazole Pfizer Cryptococcal

meningitis, candidiasis

Pastille Squibb Corp. Prevention of

Nystatin Pastille oral candidiasis

Ornidyl Merrell Dow PCP

Efl ornithine Pentamidine LyphoMed PCP treatment

Isethionate (IM & IV) (Rosemont, IL)

Trimethoprim Antibacterial Trimethoprim/sulfa Antibacterial Piritrexim Burroughs Wellcome PCP treatment

Pentamidine Fisons Corporation PCP prophylaxis Isethionate for

Inhalation Spiramycin Rhone-Poulenc Cryptosporidial diarrhea

Intraconazole- Janssen-Pharm. Histoplasmosis; R51211 cryptococcal

meningitis

Trimetrexate Warner-Lambert PCP Daunorubicin NeXstar, Sequus Kaposi's sarcoma

Recombinant Human Ortho Pharm. Corp. Severe anemia Erythropoietin assoc. with AZT therapy Recombinant Human Serono AIDS-related Growth Hormone wasting, cachexia

Megestrol Acetate Bristol-Myers Squibb Treatment of

anorexia assoc. W/AIDS

Testosterone Alza, Smith Kline AIDS-related wasting Total Enteral Norwich Eaton Diarrhea and

Nutrition Pharmaceuticals malabsorption

related to AIDS

"Therapeutically effective" means the amount of agent required to provide a meaningful patient benefit as understood by practitioners in the field of AIDS and HIV infection. In general, the goals of therapeutically effective treatment include suppression of viral load, restoration and preservation of immunologic function, improved quality of life, and reduction of HIV-related morbidity and mortality.

"Patient" means a person infected with the HIV virus and suitable for therapy as understood by practitioners in the field of AIDS and HIV infection.

"Treatment," "therapy," "regimen," "HIV infection," "ARC," "AIDS" and related terms are used as understood by practitioners in the field of AIDS and HIV infection.

Methods of Synthesis

The compounds of the invention according to the various aspects can be made by various methods available in the art, including those of the following schemes in the specific examples which follow. The starting materials suitable for use in making the compounds of the invention are readily commercially available or can be readily prepared by those skilled in the art. The structure numbering and variable numbering shown in the synthetic schemes may be distinct from, and should not be confused with, the structure or variable numbering in the claims or the rest of the specification. The variables in the schemes are meant only to illustrate how to make some of the compounds of the invention.

Abbreviations used in the schemes generally follow conventions used in the art. Some specific chemical abbreviations used in the examples are defined as follows:

"DMF" for N,N-dimethylformamide; "MeOH" for methanol; "Ar" for aryl; "TFA" for trifluoroacetic acid; "BOC" for t-butoxy carbonate, "DMSO" for dimethylsulfoxide; "h" for hours; "rt" for room temperature or retention time (context will dictate); "min" for minutes; "EtOAc" for ethyl acetate; "THF" for tetrahydrofuran; "Et 2 0" for diethyl ether; "DMAP" for 4-dimethylaminopyridine; "DCE" for 1 ,2-dichloroethane; "ACN" for acetonitrile; "DME" for 1 ,2-dimethoxy ethane; "HATU" for (1 - [Bis(dimethylamino)methylene]-lH-l,2,3-triazolo[4,5-b]pyridi nium 3- oxid

hexafluorophosphate) "DIEA" for diisopropylethylamine.

Certain other abbreviations as used herein, are defined as follows: "1 x" for once, "2 x" for twice, "3 x" for thrice, "°C" for degrees Celsius, "eq" for equivalent or equivalents, "g" for gram or grams, "mg" for milligram or milligrams, "L" for liter or liters, "mL" for milliliter or milliliters, "μί" for microliter or microliters, "N" for normal, "M" for molar, "mmol" for millimole or millimoles, "min" for minute or minutes, "h" for hour or hours, "rt" for room temperature, "RT" for retention time, "atm" for atmosphere, "psi" for pounds per square inch, "cone." for concentrate, "sat" or "sat'd " for saturated, "MW" for molecular weight, "mp" for melting point, "ee" for enantiomeric excess, "MS" or "Mass Spec" for mass spectrometry, "ESI" for electrospray ionization mass spectroscopy, "HR" for high resolution, "HRMS" for high resolution mass spectrometry , "LCMS" for liquid chromatography mass spectrometry, "HPLC" for high pressure liquid chromatography, "RP HPLC" for reverse phase HPLC, "TLC" or "tic" for thin layer chromatography, "NMR" for nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, '¾" for proton, "δ" for delta, "s" for singlet, "d" for doublet, "t" for triplet, "q" for quartet, "m" for multiplet, "br" for broad, "Hz" for hertz, and "α", "β", "R", "S", "E", and "Z" are stereochemical designations familiar to one skilled in the art.

EXAMPLES

The following examples are provided by way of illustration only, and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention. The 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3- b] pyridine reactant noted in certain experimentals, such as in Example 151 , is not required for the preparation of said Example but was included, as a matter of

convenience, for the purpose of preparing in the same reaction pot an alternate set of analogs not required for the synthesis of the compounds of this invention.

HATU (1.52 g, 4.01 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 4-methoxy-N-methylaniline (500 mg, 3.64 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid (1.06 g, 4.01 mmol) iln DMF (20 mL) and DIPEA (1.27 mL, 7.29 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the crude oil was then partitioned between EtOAc (-60 mL) and 1/2 sat. NaHCCb (aq.) (-60 mL). The organic component was washed with brine (-40 mL), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The residual oil was then purified using a Biotage Horizon (80g SiC , 10- 40% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 1 (1.34 g) as clear amber viscous oil. LC-MS retention time = 3.17 min; m/z = 285.3 [M+H-Boc] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C18 2.0 X 50 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc.

Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 4 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at

100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCb) δ ppm 7.25 - 7.20 (m, 3H), 7.03 - 6.64 (m, 6H), 5.20 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 4.53 (app q, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 3.83 (s, 3H), 3.18 (s, 3H), 2.89 (dd, J=13.1, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 2.71 (dd, J=13.1, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 1.39 (s, 9H).

Compound was prepared using the procedure described for Intermediate 1 where (R)-2- ((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid was used in place of (S)-2-((tert- butoxycarbonyl)-amino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid. LC-MS retention time = 1.74 min; m/z = 407.4 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna CI 8 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 7.25 - 7.20 (m, 3H), 7.00 - 6.66 (m, 6H), 5.20 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 4.58 - 4.48 (m, 1H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.18 (s, 3H), 2.89 (dd, J=13.2, 7.4 Hz, 1H), 2.71 (dd, J=13.1, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 1.39 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 3

Compound was prepared using the procedure described for Intermediate 1 where 4- methoxy aniline was used in place of 4-methoxy-N-methylaniline. LC-MS retention time = 1.71 min; m/z = 393.4 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C18 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μηι. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100.

Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 7.68 (br. s., 1H), 7.35 - 7.22 (m, 7H), 6.82 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 2H), 5.24 (br. s., 1H), 4.48 (br. s., 1H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 3.15 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.43 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 4

A solution of 4M HCl (15 mL, 60 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 1 (1.34 g, 3.49 mmol) in THF (10 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to yield an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (1.11 g) which was used without additional purification. LC-MS retention time = 2.33 min; m/z = 285.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna CI 8 2.0 X 50 mm 3 μιη.

Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 4 minutes, then a 1-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). 5

Compound was prepared using the procedure described for Intermediate 4 where Intermediate 2 was used in place of Intermediate 1. LC-MS retention time = 1.15 min; m/z = 285.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna CI 8 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μηι. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TF A. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 6 Compound was prepared using the procedure described for Intermediate 4 where

Intermediate 3 was used in place of Intermediate 1. LC-MS retention time = 1.12 min; m/z = 271.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna CI 8 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μηι. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 7

HATU (725 mg, 1.91 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 4-ethoxy-N-ethylaniline (300 mg, 1.82 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid (506 mg, 1.91 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) and DIPEA (0.63 mL, 3.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the crude oil was then partitioned between EtOAc (-60 mL) and sat. NaHCC (aq) (-50 mL). The organic component was washed with brine (-50 mL), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The residual oil was purified using a Biotage Horizon (40 g SiC , 15-40% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 7 (632 mg) as a solidified off-white foam. LC-MS retention time = 1.75 min; m/z = 413.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna 30 X 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 7.26 - 7.20 (m, 4H), 7.05 - 6.69 (m, 5H), 5.19 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 4.47 - 4.38 (m, 1H), 4.10 - 3.98 (m, 2H), 3.75 (dq, J=13.6, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.61 - 3.48 (m, 1H), 2.91 (dd, J=13.2, 7.4 Hz, 1H), 2.71 (dd, J=12.5, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 1.44 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.38 (s, 9H), 1.05 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H)

A solution of 4M HC1 (1.04 mL, 4.15 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 7 (684 mg, 1.66 mmol) in THF (2.2 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 h. Additional 4M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (1.5 mL) was added and stirring continued overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated under high vacuum to yield an HC1 salt of Intermediate 8 (632 mg) as a solidified foam which was used without further purification. LC-MS retention time = 1.24 min; m/z = 625.5 [2M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna 30 X 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10%

Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1- minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). Intermediate 9

Compound was prepared using the procedures described for the preparation of

Intermediate 4 where 4-methoxy-N-methylaniline was replaced with N- methylbenzo[d] [l,3]dioxol-5 -amine. LC-MS retention time— 1.16 mini m/z— 299.3 [2M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna 30 X 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Compound was prepared using the procedures described for the preparation of

Intermediate 4 where 4-methoxy-N-methylaniline was replaced with 2,5-dimethyl-4- methoxy-N-methylaniline. LC-MS retention time = 1.29 min; m/z = 313.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna 30 X 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1- minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Compound was prepared using the procedures described for the preparation of

Intermediate 4 where 4-methoxy-N-methylaniline was replaced with 4-methoxy-2- methyl-N-methylaniline. LC-MS retention time = 1.19 min; m/z = 299.4 [M+H] + .

(Column: Phenomenex Luna 30 X 2.0 mm 3 μηι. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1- minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Compound was prepared using the procedures described for the preparation of

Intermediate 4 where 4-methoxy-N-methylaniline was replaced with 3,4,5-trimethoxy-N- methylaniline. LC-MS retention time = 1.16 min; m/z = 345.4 [M+H] + . (Column:

Phenomenex Luna 30 X 2.0 mm 3 μηι. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

In rmediate 13

Compound was prepared using the procedures described for the preparation of

Intermediate 4 where (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid was replaced with (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid. LC-MS retention time = 2.98 min; m/z = 321.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna 50 Χ 2.0 ιιιηι 3 μηι. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% MeOH : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% MeOH : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 4 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.41 (br. s., 3H), 7.21 - 7.05 (m, 3H), 6.98 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 6.57 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 3.90 (br. s., 1H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.15 (s, 3H), 3.00 - 2.92 (m, 1H), 2.90 - 2.83 (m, 1H) (HC1 salt).

Intermediate 14

Cupric sulfate (5.49 g, 34.4 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 3- bromopicolinaldehyde (3.2 g, 17 mmol) and (R)-2-methylpropane-2-sulfinamide (2.28 g, 18.8 mmol) in DCM (40 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 h. The reaction mixture was filtered, concentrated and purified by Biotage (15-50% EtOAc/ hexanes, 80 g SiC , 30% EtOAc/ Hexanes) to give Intermediate 14 (3.40 g). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 9.06 (s, 1H), 8.75 (dd, J=4.5, 1.0 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (dd, J=8.0, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 7.30 (dd, J=8.0, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 1.33 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 15

A 0.25 M solution of 3,5-difluorobenzylmagnesium bromide (44.6 mL, 11.2 mmol) was added dropwise (over 30 min) to a solution of Intermediate 14 (2.69 g, 9.30 mmol) in DCM (200 mL) at -78 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at -78 °C for 3 hours and then quenched with sat. aq. NH4CI (20 mL) and allowed to warm to rt. The components were separated and the aqueous component was further extracted with EtOAc (2 X 40 mL). The combined organic component was dried over Na2S04, filtered and

concentrated. The crude product was purified by Biotage (Silica 120 gram flash column, EtOAc/ hexanes gradient 20-70% EtOAc, 50% EtOAc) to give the title compound (1.81 g). LC-MS retention time = 1.69 min; m/z = 417.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 niL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 98% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 8.51 (dd, 3=4.6, 1.1 Hz, IH), 7.86 - 7.80 (m, IH), 7.12 (dd, J=8.2, 4.6 Hz, IH), 6.65 - 6.53 (m, 3H), 5.25 - 5.17 (m, IH), 4.69 - 4.47 (m, IH), 3.37 - 3.27 (m, 2H), 1.15 (s, 9H).

Paraformaldehyde (80 mg, 2.7 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of benzo[d]thiazol- 5-amine (200 mg, 1.332 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL). The resulting suspension was then treated with 25% w/w NaOMe in MeOH (1.5 mL, 6.7 mmol) and the clear reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 16 h. The reaction was allowed to cool to rt and then treated with NaB¾ (126 mg, 3.33 mmol) and stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with CHCh (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic component was concentrated and purified using a Biotage Horizon (12g SiC , 0- 50%) EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 16 (217 mg) as yellow gum. LC-MS retention time = 0.67 min; m/z = 165.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 8.92 (s, IH), 7.69 (d, J=8.5 Hz, IH), 7.31 (d, J=2.3 Hz, IH), 6.82 (dd, J=8.8, 2.3 Hz, IH), 3.93 (br. s., IH), 2.94 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 17

HATU (1.90 g, 5.01 mmol) was added to a solution of Intermediate 16 (685 mg, 4.17 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid (1.33 g, 5.01 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) and DIPEA (2.18 mL, 12.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 6 h. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with sat. aq. NaHCCb (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 50 mL). The combined organic component was washed with brine (-60 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude material was then purified using a Biotage Horizon (12g SiC , 0-40%-50%

EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 17 (1.7 g) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.19 min; m/z = 412.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm,

1.7-nm particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 9.07 (s, 1H), 7.90 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.27 - 7.19 (m, 3H), 6.94 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 3H), 5.22 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 4.58 - 4.48 (m, 1H), 3.26 (s, 3H), 2.93 (dd, J=12.9, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 2.78 (dd, J=12.4, 5.9 Hz, 1H), 1.40 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 18

A solution of 4M HCl (10 mL, 40.0 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 17 (1.7 g, 4.1 mmol) in THF (10 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, redissolved in EtOH/toluene, and then reconcentrated (3x) to yield an HCl salt of Intermediate 18 (1.7 g) as a pink sticky solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.83 min; m/z = 312.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA.

Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 9.42 (s, 1H), 8.10 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.39 - 7.08 (m, 6H), 6.91 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.10 (dd, J=8.0, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 3.63 - 3.56 (m, 2H), 3.11 (dd, J=13.4, 8.2 Hz, 1H), 2.92 (dd, J=13.3, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 2.87 (s, 3H). Intermediate 19

HATU (592 mg, 1.556 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 16 (213 mg, 1.30 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (469 mg, 1.56 mmol) in DMF (7 mL) and DIPEA (0.45 mL, 2.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The crude reaction mixture was diluted with sat. aq. NaHCCb (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 50 mL). The combined organic component was washed with brine (-60 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude material was then purified using a Biotage Horizon (24 g SiC , 0-50%

EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 19 (581 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.23 min; m/z = 448.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 9.10 (s, 1H), 7.98 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.68 (br. s., 1H), 7.05 (br. s., 1H), 6.68 (t, J=8.9 Hz, 1H), 6.44 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 5.25 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 4.54 (q, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 2.94 - 2.86 (m, 1H), 2.81 (s, 3H), 2.72 (dd, J=13.1, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 1.39 (s, 9H).

In rmediate 20

TFA (1.0 mL, 13 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 19 (0.58 g, 1.2 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH/DCM and 4M HCl in 1,4-dioxane (2 mL) and reconcentrated. The residue was redissolved in

EtOH/toluene and then reconcentrated (3x) to yield an HCl salt of Intermediate 20 (0.55 g) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.83 min; m/z = 348.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μηι particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 25

Nitrogen was bubbled through a reaction mixture of Intermediate 15 (143 mg, 0.343 mmol), (3-carbamoyl-4-fluorophenyl)boronic acid (69.0 mg, 0.377 mmol) and potassium carbonate (104 mg, 0.754 mmol) in DME (1.5 mL) and water (0.5 mL) for 5 min. Then Pd(Ph3P)4 (39.6 mg, 0.034 mmol) was added, the reaction vessel was sealed and the reaction mixture was heated at 120 °C with microwave irradiation for 40 min. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the crude residue was purified using a Biotage Horizon (12g SiC , 30-100% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield the title compound (63 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.40 min; m/z = 476.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C18 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 8.70 (dd, J=4.8, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 7.42 (dd, J=7.8, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.30 - 7.25 (m, 1H), 7.16 (dd, 1=11.3, 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.03 (br s, 1H), 6.93 (br. s., 1H), 6.63 - 6.54 (m, 1H), 6.14 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 5.81 (br. s., 1H), 4.70 (td, J=9.2, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 4.47 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 3.26 - 3.12 (m, 2H), 1.21 (s,

9H).

HATU (150 mg, 0.40 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of (S)-2-((tert- butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid (100 mg, 0.38 mmol) and N- methylaniline (40 mg, 0.38 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) and DIPEA (0.13 mL, 0.75 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture diluted with EtOAc (~8 mL) and washed with water (2 x 6 mL) and brine (~6 mL) and the organic component was concentrated. The crude oil was then purified using a Biotage Horizon (4g SiCh, 10- 20% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 26 (77 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.29 min; m/z = 355.3 [M+H] + (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 98% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 27

HATU (150 mg, 0.40 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of (S)-2-((tert- butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (114 mg, 0.377 mmol) and N-methylaniline (40 mg, 0.38 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) and DIPEA (0.13 mL, 0.75 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture diluted with EtOAc (~8 mL) and washed with water (2 x 6 mL) and brine (~6 mL) and the organic component was concentrated. The crude oil was then purified using a Biotage Horizon (4g SiCh, 10-20% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 27 (66 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.32 min; m/z = 391.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 98% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). 28

3- Bromoprop-l-ene (0.687 niL, 8.12 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of

4- methoxyaniline (1.0 g, 8.1 mmol), potassium carbonate (2.81 g, 20.3 mmol) and DMF (17 mL) and the reaction mixture was flushed with nitrogen, sealed and heated at 80 °C overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (-70 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 60 mL). The combined organic component was washed with brine (60 mL), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The crude oil was then purified using a Biotage Horizon (40 g SiCh, 5-20% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield the title compound (652 mg). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 6.82 - 6.78 (m, 2H), 6.65 - 6.59 (m, 2H), 5.98 (ddt, J=17.3, 10.4, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 5.29 (app dq, J=17.2, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 5.17 (app dq, J=10.3, 1.4 Hz, 1H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.76 - 3.73 (m, 2H). 29

4-Bromobut-l -ene (1.10 g, 8.12 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of 4- methoxy aniline (1.0 g, 8.1 mmol), potassium carbonate (2.81 g, 20.3 mmol) and DMF (17 mL) and the reaction mixture was flushed with nitrogen, sealed and heated at 80 °C overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (-70 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 60 mL). The combined organic component was washed with brine (60 mL), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The crude oil was then purified using a

Biotage Horizon (40 g SiCh, 5-20% EtOAc/hexanes) to give the title compound (709 mg) ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 6.83 - 6.77 (m, 2H), 6.64 - 6.58 (m, 2H), 5.84 (ddt, J=17.1, 10.2, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 5.19 - 5.10 (m, 2H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 3.16 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.39 (q, J=6.7 Hz, 2H).

Intermediate 30

HATU (713 mg, 1.88 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 28 (300 mg, 1.84 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (554 mg, 1.838 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) and DIPEA (0.64 mL, 3.7 mmol) and the reaction mixture was allowed to stir at rt overnight. The reaction was diluted with water (-50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic components were washed with brine (30 mL), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The crude oil was then purified using a Biotage Horizon (40 g SiCh, 10-25% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield the title compound (875 mg). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 6.89 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 3H), 6.71 - 6.63 (m, 1H), 6.47 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 5.80 (ddt, J=16.9, 10.3, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 5.22 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 5.14 (d, J=9.3 Hz, 1H), 5.06 (dd, J=17.1, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 4.52 - 4.42 (m, 1H), 4.28 - 4.15 (m, 2H), 3.84 (s, 3H), 2.88 (dd, J=13.3, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 2.67 (dd, J=13.2, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 1.39 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 31

HATU (713 mg, 1.88 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 29 (326 mg, 1.84 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (554 mg, 1.838 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) and DIPEA (0.64 mL, 3.7 mmol) and the reaction mixture was allowed to stir at rt overnight. The reaction was diluted with water (-50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic components were washed with brine (30 mL), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The crude oil was then purified using a Biotage Horizon (40 g SiCh, 10-25% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield the title compound (908 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.28 min; m/z = 483.5 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C18 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1- minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 6.91 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 3H), 6.66 (tt, J=9.0, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 5.73 (ddt, J=17.1, 10.3, 6.7 Hz, 1H), 5.20 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 5.10 - 5.00 (m, 2H), 4.49 - 4.37 (m, 1H), 3.90 - 3.78 (m, 4H), 3.57 (dt, J=13.7, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 2.86 (dd, J=13.3, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 2.65 (dd, J=13.2, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 2.24 (q, J=6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.39 (s, 8H).

A solution of 4M HCl (2.3 mL, 9.3 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 30 (850 mg, 1.58 mmol) in THF (3 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and then resubmitted to the reaction conditions detailed above and stirred at rt for 2d. The reaction mixture was then concentrated under high vacuum to yield an HCl salt of the title compound (677 mg) as an off-white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.24 min; m/z = 347.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna CI 8 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μηι. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1 % TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1 % TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol-d^ δ ppm 7.12 - 6.82 (m, 5H), 6.54 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 5.84 (ddt, J=16.9, 10.4, 6.4 Hz, 1H), 5.20 - 5.07 (m, 2H), 4.38 - 4.29 (m, 1H), 4.28 - 4.19 (m, 1H), 4.06 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.12 (dd, J=13.8, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 2.93 (dd, J=13.8, 7.3 Hz, 1H). Intermediate 33

A solution of 4M HCl (2.3 mL, 9.3 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 31 (870 mg, 1.549 mmol) in THF (3 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. Additional 4M HCl (-0.5 mL) in 1,4-dioxane was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2d. The reaction mixture was then concentrated under high vacuum to yield an HCl salt of the title compound (689 mg) as an off-white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.32 min; m/z = 361.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C 18 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μηι. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1 % TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1 % TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol-d δ ppm 7.21 - 6.83 (m, 5H), 6.54 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 2H), 5.77 (d, J=7.3 Hz, IH), 5.14 - 5.01 (m, 2H), 4.04 (br. s., IH), 3.87 (br. s., 4H), 3.75 - 3.63 (m, IH), 3.11 (dd, J=13.3, 6.0 Hz, IH), 2.92 (dd, J=13.2, 7.2 Hz, IH), 2.29 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 2H). Intermediate 34

3-Bromoprop-l-ene (0.332 mL, 3.93 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred mixture of benzo[d]thiazol-5-amine (590 mg, 3.93 mmol), potassium carbonate (1.36 g, 9.82 mmol) and DMF (10 mL) and then the reaction mixture was flushed with nitrogen, sealed and heated at 80 °C overnight. The reaction was diluted with water (-70 mL), extracted with EtOAc (2 x 60 mL) and the combined organic component was washed with brine (60 mL), dried (MgSCn), filtered and concentrated. The crude oil was purified using a Biotage Horizon (40 g SiC , 10-30%, then 100% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield the title compound (430 mg). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 8.91 (s, IH), 7.69 (d, J=8.5 Hz, IH), 7.33 (d, J=2.3 Hz, IH), 6.84 (dd, J=8.8, 2.3 Hz, IH), 6.01 (ddt, J=17.2, 10.4, 5.3 Hz, IH), 5.35 (dd, J=17.1 , 1.5 Hz, IH), 5.22 (dd, J=10.3, 1.5 Hz, IH), 4.02 (br. s., IH), 3.88 (d, J=5.5 Hz, 2H).

Intermediate 35

4-Bromobut-l -ene (530 mg, 3.93 mmol) was added dropwise to a stirred mixture of benzo[d]thiazol-5-amine (590 mg, 3.93 mmol), potassium carbonate (1.36 g, 9.82 mmol) and DMF (10 mL) and then the reaction mixture was flushed with nitrogen, sealed and heated at 80 °C overnight. The reaction was diluted with water (-70 mL), extracted with EtOAc (2 x 60 mL) and the combined organic component was washed with brine (60 mL), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The crude oil was purified using a Biotage Horizon (40 g SiC , 10-30%, then 100% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield the title compound

(355 mg). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 8.92 (s, 1H), 7.69 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.81 (dd, J=8.5, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 5.87 (ddt, J=17.1, 10.2, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 5.23 - 5.11 (m, 2H), 3.89 (br. s., 1H), 3.29 (t, J=6.5 Hz, 2H), 2.46 (q, J=6.6 Hz, 2H).

Intermediate 36

HATU (892 mg, 2.35 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 34 (425 mg, 2.23 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (673 mg, 2.23 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) and DIPEA (0.98 mL, 5.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (-30 mL), extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL) and the combined organic components were washed with brine (-30 mL), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The crude amber oil was purified using a Biotage Horizon (40 g SiC , 10-25% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield the title compound (652 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.86 min; m/z = 496.4 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C18 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1- minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 9.10 (s, 1H), 7.97 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (br. s., 1H), 7.01 (br. s., 1H), 6.69 (t, J=8.9 Hz, 1H), 6.45 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 2H), 5.84 (ddt, J=16.9, 10.3, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 5.23 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 5.16 (d, J=10.0 Hz, 1H), 5.07 (dd, J=17.3, 1.3 Hz, 1H), 4.46 (q, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 4.32 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.92 (dd, J=13.3, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 2.73 (dd, J=13.1, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 1.39 (s, 9H). Intermediate 37

HATU (684 mg, 1.80 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 35 (350 mg, 1.71 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (516 mg, 1.713 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) and DIPEA (0.75 mL, 4.3 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (-30 mL), extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL) and the combined organic components were washed with brine (-30 mL), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The crude amber oil was purified using a Biotage Horizon (40 g SiC , 10-25% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield the title compound (406 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.94 min; m/z = 388.4 [M+H-Boc] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C18 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1- minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 9.11 (s, 1H), 7.99 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.84 - 7.43 (m, 1H), 6.69 (t, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.46 (br. s., 2H), 5.74 (ddt, J=17.0, 10.4, 6.7 Hz, 1H), 5.21 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 5.12 - 5.02 (m, 2H), 4.46 - 4.37 (m, 1H), 3.98 - 3.86 (m, 1H), 3.80 - 3.66 (m, 1H), 2.91 (dd, J=13.2, 7.4 Hz, 1H), 2.71 (dd, J=13.1, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 2.29 (q, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.47 - 1.33 (m, 9H).

Intermediate 38

A solution of 4M HC1 (2.4 mL, 9.5 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 36 (450 mg, 0.950 mmol) in THF (4 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated, treated with MeOH (-5 mL) and reconcentrated (2X) to yield an HC1 salt of the title compound (455 mg) as a violet solidified foam which was used without further purification. LC-MS retention time = 1.23 min; m/z = 374.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C18 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μηι. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 39

A solution of 4M HCl (2.4 mL, 9.8 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 37 (396 mg, 0.812 mmol) in THF (4 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated, treated with MeOH (~5 mL) and reconcentrated (2X) to yield an HCl salt of the title compound (455 mg) as a pink/orange solidified foam which was used without further purification. LC-MS retention time = 1.30 min; m/z = 388.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C18 30 x 2.0 mm 3 μιη. Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% Acetonitrile : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 1 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 2 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 51

Step 1.

A mixture of l,3-dihydrobenzo[c] [l,2,5]thiadiazole 2,2-dioxide (120 mg, 0.705 mmol), cesium carbonate (505 mg, 1.55 mmol) and tert-butyl 2-bromoacetate (0.22 mL, 1.5 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was sealed and heated at 70 °C for 8 h . The reaction mixture was poured into water and extracted with EtOAc. The organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated. The residual gum was purified by FCC (40 g silica gel, eluted with gradient 10%-50% EtOAc-Hexanes) to afford di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(2,2-dioxidobenzo[c] [l,2,5]thiadiazole-l,3-diyl)diacetate (251 mg) as an off-white solid. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 7.11 - 6.96 (m, 2H), 6.80 - 6.60 (m, 2H), 4.35 (s, 4H), 1.47 (s, 18H). Step 2.

Di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(2,2-dioxidobenzo[c] [l,2,5]thiadiazole-l,3-diyl)diacetate (251 mg, 0.630 mmol) was stirred in 4M hydrogen chloride in 1,4-dioxane (3.15 mL, 12.6 mmol) at rt overnight. The solvent was removed and the residual off-white solid was triturated with 4: 1 hexanes-EtOAc, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 51 (177 mg) as an off-white powder. LC-MS retention time = 0.20 min; m/z = 285.2 [M-H]-. (Column: Phenomenex Luna CI 8 2.0 X 30mm 3um; Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrilel 10 mM Ammonium Acetate; Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile 10 mM Ammonium Acetate; Flow Rate = 1.0 mL/min. Start % B = 0; Final % B = 100; Gradient Time = 2.0 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 7.03 (dd, J=5.6, 3.1 Hz, 2H), 6.89 (dd, J=5.5, 3.3 Hz, 2H), 4.55 (s,

4H).

Intermediate 52

Step 1.

A mixture of lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one (150 mg, 1.12 mmol), cesium carbonate (802 mg, 2.46 mmol) and tert-butyl 2-bromoacetate (0.35 mL, 2.35 mmol) in acetone (10 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 65°C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residual solid was taken up into DCM (5 mL) and purified by FCC (80 g silica gel, eluted with gradient 10%-60% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diacetate (328 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.74 min; m/z = 363.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ρρηι 7.19 - 7.06 (m, 2H), 6.91 (dd, J=5.8, 3.3 Hz, 2H), 4.56 (s, 4H), 1.48 (s, 18H).

Step 2.

Di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diacetate (320 mg, 0.883 mmol) was stirred in 4M hydrogen chloride in 1,4-dioxane (3.97 mL, 15.9 mmol) at rt overnight. The solvent was removed and the residual solid was triturated with ether, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 52 (215 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.82 min; m/z = 250.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 53

o o o

Step 1.

A mixture of lH-imidazol-2(3H)-one (100 mg, 1.19 mmol), cesium carbonate (853 mg, 2.62 mmol) and benzyl 2-bromoacetate (0.40 mL, 2.50 mmol) in acetone (10 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 65 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residual solid was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel, eluted with gradient 30%~100% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford dibenzyl 2,2'-(2-oxo-lH-imidazole- l,3(2H)-diyl)diacetate (240 mg) as a colorless oil. LC-MS retention time = 1.16 min; m/z = 381.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 7.46 - 7.32 (m, 10H), 6.33 (s, 2H), 5.22 (s, 4H), 4.48 (s, 4H).

Step 2.

10% Pd/C (24.3 mg, 0.023 mmol) was added to a solution of dibenzyl 2,2'-(2-oxo-lH- imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diacetate (87 mg, 0.23 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) and after purgin the reaction mixture with N2 (2X), it was placed under 1 atm of H2 (balloon) and stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a PVDF syringe filter, concentrated to yield the title compound which was used without further purification. LC-MS retention time = 0.60 min; m/z = 203.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 3.97 (s, 4H), 3.56 (s, 4H).

Step 1.

A mixture of ethyl 2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetate (500 mg, 2.46 mmol), cesium carbonate (1.04 g, 3.20 mmol) and ethyl 2-bromoacetate (0.33 mL, 3.0 mmol) in acetone (20 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 65°C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residual oil was taken up into DMF and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound diethyl 2,2'-(lH-indole-l,3- diyl)diacetate (255 mg) as an off-white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.23 min; m/z = 290.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles;

Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 7.65 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.32 - 7.22 (m, 3H), 7.21 - 7.11 (m, 2H), 4.83 (s, 2H), 4.21 (dq, J=19.0, 7.1 Hz, 4H), 3.80 (d, J=0.8 Hz, 2H), 1.29 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 6H).

Step 2.

To a solution of diethyl 2,2'-(lH-indole-l,3-diyl)diacetate (250 mg, 0.864 mmol) in MeOH (4 mL) and THF (4 mL) was added a premade solution of lithium hydroxide monohydrate (181 mg, 4.32 mmol) in water (4 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight and then concentrated. The residual liquid was acidified to pH 2 using 1 M

HCl. The resulting solid was collected by filtration, washed with water and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 54 (189 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.77 min; m/z = 234.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 55

Step 1.

To a mixture of an HC1 salt of (S)-benzyl 2-amino-3-phenylpropanoatem (306 mg, 1.05 mmol) in acetonitrile (5 mL) at 0 °C was added triethylamine (0.42 mL, 3.0 mmol) and CDI (81.0 mg, 0.500 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1 h and then sealed and heated in an oil bath at 55 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt, diluted with EtOAc (20 mL) and washed with water (40 mL). The organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated. The residual solid was triturated with hexanes to afford the title compound (2S,2'S)-dibenzyl 2,2'-(carbonylbis(azanediyl))bis(3-phenylpropanoate) (205 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.45 min; m/z = 357.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 2.

10% Pd/C (35.3 mg, 0.033 mmol) was added to a solution of (2S,2'S)-dibenzyl 2,2'- (carbonylbis(azanediyl))bis(3-phenylpropanoate) (178 mg, 0.332 mmol) in EtOAc (20 mL) and after purging the sample with N2 (2X) it was placed under 1 atm of H2 (balloon) and stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a PVDF syringe filter and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 55 (115 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.92 min; m/z = 357.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 56

Step 1.

To a mixture of benzyl 2-aminoacetate, HCl (212 mg, 1.05 mmol) in acetonitrile (5 mL) at 0 °C was added triethylamine (0.42 mL, 3.0 mmol) and CDI (81 mg, 0.50 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1 h and then sealed and heated in an oil bath at 55°C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt, diluted with EtOAc (20 mL) and washed with water (40 mL). The organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated. The residual solid was triturated with hexanes to afford the title compound (120 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.08 min; m/z = 357.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 2.

10% Pd/C (35.8 mg, 0.034 mmol) was added to a solution of dibenzyl 2,2'- (carbonylbis(azanediyl))diacetate (120 mg, 0.337 mmol) in EtOAc (10 mL). After purging the sample with N2 (2X) it was placed under 1 atm of H2 (balloon) and stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a PVDF syringe filter and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (41 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.77 min; m/z = 177.0 [M+H] + (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Intermediate 57

Step 1.

A mixture of 5-chloro-lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one (200 mg, 1.19 mmol), cesium carbonate (850 mg, 2.61 mmol) and tert-butyl 2-bromoacetate (0.37 mL, 2.5 mmol) in acetone (10 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 65 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo, taken up into DCM (20 mL), washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residual solid was recrystallized from 2: 1 hexanes-EtOAc (10 mL) to afford di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(5-chloro2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diacet ate (160 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.38 min; m/z = 285.1 [M-2(t-Bu)+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 2.

Di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(5-chloro-2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diace tate (160 mg, 0.403 mmol) was stirred in 4M hydrogen chloride in 1,4-dioxane (2.02 mL, 8.06 mmol) at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual solid was triturated with EtOAc, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound

Intermediate 57 (71 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.84 min; m/z = 284.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.22 (d, J=1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.18 - 7.06 (m, 2H), 4.71 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 4H). Intermediate 58

Step 1.

A mixture of 4-chloro-lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one (200 mg, 1.19 mmol), cesium carbonate (850 mg, 2.61 mmol) and tert-butyl 2-bromoacetate (0.37 mL, 2.5 mmol) in acetone (10 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 65°C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo, and the residual oil was taken up into DCM (5 mL) and purified by FCC (80 g silica gel, eluted with gradient 10-40% EtOAc- Hexanes) to afford di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(4-chloro2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)- diyl)diacetate (320 mg) as a white foam. LC-MS retention time = 1.41 min; m/z = 285.1 [M-2(t-Bu)+H] + (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 2.

Di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(4-chloro-2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diace tate (320 mg, 0.806 mmol) was stirred in 4 M hydrogen chloride in 1,4-dioxane (4.03 mL, 16.1 mmol) at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual solid was triturated with ether, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 58 (220 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.81 min; m/z = 284.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 59

o

° ° Step 1.

A mixture of 5-fluoro-lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one (200 mg, 1.26 mmol), cesium carbonate (905 mg, 2.78 mmol) and tert-butyl 2-bromoacetate (0.39 mL, 2.65 mmol) in acetone (10 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 65 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo, and the residual oil taken up into DCM (5 mL) and purified by FCC (40 g silica gel, eluted with gradient 10-50% EtOAc-Hexanes) to afford di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(5-fluoro2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diacet ate (370 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.31 min; m/z = 269.2 [M-2(t- Bu)+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 2.

Di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(5-fluoro-2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diace tate (370 mg, 0.973 mmol) was stirred in 4 M hydrogen chloride in 1,4-dioxane (4.86 mL, 19.4 mmol) at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual solid was triturated with EtOAc, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound

Intermediate 59 (230 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.78 min; m/z = 268.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Intermediate 60

Step 1.

A mixture of 5-methoxy-lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one (200 mg, 1.22 mmol), cesium carbonate (873 mg, 2.68 mmol) and tert-butyl 2-bromoacetate (0.38 mL, 2.56 mmol) in acetone (10 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 65 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo, taken up into DCM (20 mL), washed it with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residual solid was triturated with 4: 1 hexanes-EtOAc (10 mL) and dried in vacuo to afford di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(5-fluoro2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diacet ate (351 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS (Condition AW-1) retention time = 1.28 min; m/z = 281.1 [M-2(t-Bu)+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7-μιη- particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 2.

Di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(5-methoxy-2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diac etate (350 mg, 0.892 mmol) was stirred in 4 M hydrogen chloride in 1,4-dioxane (4.46 mL, 17.8 mmol) at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual solid was triturated with ether, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 60 (220 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.78 min; m/z = 280.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 61

Step 1.

A mixture of 5-nitro-lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one (200 mg, 1.12 mmol), cesium carbonate (800 mg, 2.46 mmol) and tert-butyl 2-bromoacetate (0.35 mL, 2.3 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 65°C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was poured into warm water (50 mL), cooled to rt, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(5-nitro-2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diacet ate (340 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.31 min; m/z = 295.9 [M-2(t-Bu)+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 2.

Di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(5-nitro-2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)diacet ate (200 mg, 0.491 mmol) was stirred in 4 M hydrogen chloride in 1,4-dioxane (2.45 mL, 9.82 mmol) at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual solid was triturated with ether, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 61 (145 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS (Condition AW-1) retention time = 0.76 min; m/z = 295.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles;

Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 1.

A mixture of 2,3-dihydrophthalazine-l,4-dione (200 mg, 1.23 mmol), cesium carbonate (884 mg, 2.71 mmol) and tert-butyl 2-bromoacetate (0.382 mL, 2.59 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 80 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was poured into water (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc. The organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered, and dried in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (40 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 10-50% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(l,4-dioxophthalazine-2,3(lH,4H)- diyl)diacetate (357 mg) as a colorless gum. LC-MS retention time = 1.34 min; m/z = 279.15 [M-2(t-Bu)+H] + (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7-μιη- particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 8.53 - 8.36 (m, 1H), 8.17 - 8.04 (m, 1H), 7.82 (ddd, J=7.3, 5.1, 1.6 Hz, 2H), 4.79 (s, 2H), 4.71 (s, 2H), 1.50 (s, 9H), 1.55 (s, 9H). Step 2.

Di-tert-butyl 2,2'-(l,4-dioxophthalazine-2,3(lH,4H)-diyl)diacetate (205 mg, 0.525 mmol) was stirred in 4 M hydrogen chloride in 1,4-dioxane (1.97 mL, 7.88 mmol) at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual solid was triturated with ether, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 62 (134 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.75 min; m/z = 279.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol-d4) δ ppm 8.47 - 8.29 (m, 1H), 8.26 - 8.13 (m, 1H), 7.96 (dtd, J=19.8, 7.4, 1.3 Hz, 2H), 4.96 (s, 2H), 4.83 (s, 2H).

Intermediate 63

Step 1.

A mixture of quinoxaline-2,3(lH,4H)-dione (200 mg, 1.23 mmol), cesium carbonate (884 mg, 2.71 mmol) and benzyl 2-bromoacetate (0.41 mL, 2.6 mmol) in DMF (8 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 80 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was poured it into water (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc. The organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and dried in vacuo. The residue was triturated with 4: 1 hexanes-EtOAc to afford dibenzyl 2,2'-(2,3-dioxo-2,3- dihydroquinoxaline-l,4-diyl)diacetate (420 mg) as a light yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.23 min; m/z = 459.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Step 2.

To a solution of dibenzyl 2,2'-(2,3-dioxo-2,3-dihydroquinoxaline-l,4-diyl)diacetate (210 mg, 0.458 mmol) in THF (20 mL) was added 10% Pd/C (24 mg, 0.023 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred under a H2 balloon for 2 h, filtered and then concentrated. The residual solid was triturated with ether, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 63 (107 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.68 min; m/z = 278.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.34 (s, 4H), 5.08 (s, 4H).

Intermediate 64

Step 1.

A mixture of quinazoline-2,4(lH,3H)-dione (200 mg, 1.23 mmol), cesium carbonate (884 mg, 2.71 mmol) and benzyl 2-bromoacetate (0.41 mL, 2.59 mmol) in DMF (8 mL) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 80 °C for 6 h. The reaction mixture was poured into water (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc. The organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and dried in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (40 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 10-50% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford dibenzyl 2,2'-(2,4-dioxoquinazoline-l,3(2H,4H)-diyl)diacetate (391 mg) as a colorless gum. LC-MS retention time = 1.34 min; m/z = 459.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCb) δ ppm 8.27 (dd, J=8.0, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (td, J=7.9, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.44 - 7.30 (m, 11H), 6.95 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 5.24 (s, 4H), 4.98 (s, 2H), 4.93 (s, 2H). Step 2.

To a solution of dibenzyl 2,2'-(2,4-dioxoquinazoline-l,3(2H,4H)-diyl)diacetate (200 mg, 0.436 mmol) in ethyl acetate (5 mL) was added 10% Pd/C (23 mg, 0.022 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred under a H2 balloon for 2 h, filtered and concentrated. The residual solid was triturated with ether, filtered and dried in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 64 (120 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.74 min; m/z = 278.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 65

Step 1.

To a mixture of an HC1 salt of (S)-benzyl 2-aminopropanoate(279 mg, 1.30 mmol) in acetonitrile (5 mL) at 0 °C was added triethylamine (0.52 mL, 3.70 mmol) and CDI (100 mg, 0.617 mmol). The formed yellow mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1 h, sealed and heated in an oil bath at 55°C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt, diluted with EtOAc (20 mL) and extracted with water (40 mL). The organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated. The residual solid was triturated with hexanes to afford (2S,2'S)-dibenzyl 2,2'- (carbonylbis(azanediyl))dipropanoate (120 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.16 min; m/z = 385.3 [M+H] + (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7-μιη- particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 2.

10% Pd/C (33 mg, 0.031 mmol) was added to a solution of (2S,2'S)-dibenzyl 2,2'- (carbonylbis(azanediyl))dipropanoate (120 mg, 0.312 mmol) in EtOAc (10 mL). After purging the sample with N2 (2X) it was placed under 1 atm of H2 (balloon) and stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through a PVDF syringe filter and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 65 (63 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.53 min; m/z = 205.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA;

Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 66

Step 1.

To a solution of (S)-2-bromopropanoic acid (1.08 g, 7.06 mmol) and TEA (1.08 mL, 7.77 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) at 0 °C was added benzyl chloroformate (1.06 mL, 7.06 mmol) dropwise. After stirring at this temperature for 10 min, DMAP (0.086 g, 0.71 mmol) was added and the slurry was stirred for another 30 min and then at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL), washed with water, 1 M HCl(aq) and brine, dried it over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residual oil was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 0-30% EtOAc-Hexanes) to afford benzyl 2-bromopropanoate (1.21 g) as a colorless oil. Absolute stereochemistry not determined. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCb) δ ppm 7.54 - 7.32 (m, 5H), 5.23 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 2H), 4.44 (q, J=6.9 Hz, 1H), 1.87 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H).

Step 2.

A mixture of lH-benzo[d]imidazol-2(3H)-one (84 mg, 0.63 mmol), cesium carbonate (449 mg, 1.38 mmol) and benzyl 2-bromopropanoate (320 mg, 1.32 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was sealed and heated in a microwave system at 85 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL) and poured into water. The organic component was washed with brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residual oil was purified by FCC (40 g silica gel, eluted with gradient 15-60% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford dibenzyl 2,2'-(2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)dipropanoate (248 mg) as a gum. LC-MS retention time = 1.39 min; m/z = 459.5 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Step 3.

A mixture of dibenzyl 2,2'-(2-oxo-lH-benzo[d]imidazole-l,3(2H)-diyl)dipropanoate (248 mg, 0.54 mmol) and 20% Pd/C (28.8 mg, 0.054 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was placed under a ¾ balloon for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound Intermediate 66 (150 mg) as a colorless gum. LC-MS retention time = 0.82 min; m/z = 278.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 67

Step 1.

A mixture of 4-methoxy aniline (123 mg, 0.999 mmol), 1 -fluoro-2-iodoethane (94 μΐ, 1.10 mmol) and sodium iodide (180 mg, 1.20 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) was sealed and heated in a microwave system at 85 °C for 4 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt, poured into water (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (20 mL). The organic component was washed with brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by FCC (40 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 10%~50% EtOAc-Hexanes) to afford N-(2-fluoroethyl)-4-methoxyaniline (115 mg) as a light yellow oil. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCb) δ ppm 6.92 - 6.76 (m, 2H), 6.72 - 6.59 (m, 2H), 4.77 - 4.66 (m, 1H), 4.64 - 4.54 (m, 1H), 3.78 -3.76 (m, 4H), 3.45 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 3.39 (t, J=4.9 Hz, 1H). Step 2.

To a solution of N-(2-fluoroethyl)-4-methoxyaniline (170 mg, 1.00 mmol) and (S)-2- ((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (333 mg, 1.10 mmol) was added DIPEA (0.70 mL, 4.02 mmol) and HATU (420 mg, 1.10 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was poured into water (80 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (50 mL). The organic component was washed with water, 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 20%-50% EtOAc- hexanes) to afford (S)-tert-but l (3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-((2-fluoroethyl)(4- methoxyphenyl)amino)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (350 mg) as a white foam. LC-MS retention time = 1.31 min; m/z = 453.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 3.

A mixture of (S)-tert-butyl (3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-((2-fluoroethyl)(4- methoxyphenyl)amino)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (300 mg, 0.663 mmol) and 4 M hydrogen chloride in 1,4-dioxane (3.32 mL, 13.3 mmol) was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was treated with ether (5 mL). The residual gum was decanted with ether and dried in vacuo to afford an HCl salt of the title compound (225 mg) as a light yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.90 min; m/z = 353.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles;

Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.55 - 6.71 (m, 5H), 6.53 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 4.71 - 4.44 (m, 2H), 4.05 (d, J=18.1 Hz, 2H), 3.96 (br. s., 1H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 3.12 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 2.91 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H). Intermediate 68

Step 1.

A mixture of 4-(difluoromethoxy)aniline (795 mg, 5.00 mmol), ethyl iodide (0.44 mL, 5.50 mmol) and cesium carbonate (1.95 g, 5.99 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was sealed and heated in a microwave system at 85 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted it with EtOAc (50 mL) and poured into water (100 mL). The organic component was washed with brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 5%~40% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford 4-(difluoromethoxy)-N-ethylaniline (445 mg) as a colorless oil. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 7.13, 6.94, 6.75 (t, 1H), 7.00 - 6.85 (m, 2H), 6.55 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 5.58 (t, J=5.1 Hz, 1H), 3.12 - 2.91 (m, 2H), 1.28 - 1.07 (m, 3H).

Step 2.

To a solution of 4-(difluoromethoxy)-N-ethylaniline (354 mg, 1.89 mmol) and (S)-2-

((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propan oic acid (518 mg, 1.72 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added DIPEA (1.20 mL, 6.88 mmol) and HATU (719 mg, 1.89 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h, poured into water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (20 mL x 2). The organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 0-50% EtOAc-Hexanes) to afford (S)-tert-butyl (l-((4-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)(ethyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (310 mg) as a white gum. LC-MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 471.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Step 3.

(S)-tert-butyl (l-((4-(difluoromethoxy)phenyl)(ethyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluoro phenyl)-l - oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (310 mg, 0.659 mmol) was stirred in 4 M hydrogen chloride in 1 ,4-dioxane (3.30 mL, 13.2 mmol) at rt for 2 h and then the reaction mixture was concentrated. The residual off-white solid was triturated with ether (15 mL), filtered and dried in vacuo to afford an HC1 salt of Intermediate 68 (245 mg) as a white powder. LC- MS retention time = 0.96 min; m/z = 371.2 [M+H]+ (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C 18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 69

Step 1.

A slurry of l -isocyanato-4-nitrobenzene (1.64 g, 9.99 mmol) and 20% Pd/C (0.053 g,

0.100 mmol) in THF (30 mL), MeOH (30 mL) and DCM (30 mL) was stirred under a Hi balloon overnight. The reaction mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo and the residual oil was used without further purification. LC-MS retention time = 0.62 min; m/z = 167.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 2.

A mixture of methyl (4-aminophenyl)carbamate (500 mg, 3.01 mmol), ethyl iodide (0.29 mL, 3.6 mmol) and cesium carbonate (1.27 g, 3.91 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was sealed and heated in a microwave system at 85°C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted it with EtOAc (50 mL) and poured into water (150 mL). The organic component was washed with brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 15%~50% EtOAc- hexanes) to afford methyl (4-(ethylamino)phenyl)carbamate (257 mg) as a tan solid. LC- MS retention time = 0.70 min; m/z = 195.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 9.12 (b, 1H), 7.12 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 6.60 - 6.39 (m, 2H), 5.24 (b, 1H), 3.60 (s, 3H), 2.97 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.13 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). Step 3.

To a solution of methyl (4-(ethylamino)phenyl)carbamate (200 mg, 1.03 mmol) and (S)- 2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propano ic acid (310 mg, 1.03 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIPEA (1.08 mL, 6.18 mmol) and HATU (431 mg, 1.13 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight, poured into water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (20 mL x 2). The organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 0-50% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford tert-butyl N-[(l S)-2-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-[ethyl({4

[(methoxycarbonyl)amino]phenyl})carbamoyl]ethyl]carbamate as a white foam. LC-MS (Condition AW-1) retention time = 1.22 min; m/z = 478.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters

Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Step 4.

A mixture of tert-butyl N-[(lS)-2-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-[ethyl({4- [(methoxycarbonyl)amino] phenyl })carbamoyl] ethyl] carbamate (285 mg, 0.597 mmol) and 4 M HC1 in dioxane (2.98 mL, 11.9 mmol) was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual off-white solid was triturated with hexanes (15 mL), filtered and dried in vacuo to afford an HC1 salt of Intermediate 69 (235 mg) as a white powder. LC-MS retention time = 0.89 min; m/z = 378.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 9.57 (s, 1H), 7.58 (br. s., 2H), 6.96 (tt, J=9.3, 2.3 Hz, 3H), 6.57 (dd, J=7.9, 2.1 Hz, 2H), 4.03 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.87 (dd, J=13.4, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 3.71 - 3.55 (m, 3H), 3.12 (dd, J=13.8, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 2.92 (dd, J=13.9, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 1.14 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 70

Step 1.

A mixture of 2-amino-4-nitrophenol (4.85 g, 31.5 mmol) and CDI (6.12 g, 37.8 mmol) in THF (50 mL) was heated at refluxing for 8 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and concentrated. The residue was dissolved in DCM (100 mL) and poured into 2N HCl solution (200 mL) with stirring, after 30 min, the solid collected and washed with water (50 mL x 2) and dried in vacuo to afford 5-nitrobenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (5.23 g) as a tan solid. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.05 (dd, J=8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H).

Step 2.

A mixture of 5-nitrobenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (3.60 g, 20.0 mmol), benzyl bromide (2.61 mL, 22.0 mmol) and cesium carbonate (7.81 g, 23.98 mmol) in DMF (50 mL) was sealed and heated in a microwave system at 85 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was poured into water (500 mL), heated with a heat gun to near boiling and allowed to cool to rt with stirring. The resulting solids were collected by filtration, washed with water and hexanes and dried in vacuo to afford 3-benzyl-5-nitrobenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (5.20 g) as a gray solid. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.22 - 8.06 (m, 2H), 7.63 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.50 - 7.20 (m, 5H), 5.17 (s, 2H). Step 3.

To a solution of 3-benzyl-5-nitrobenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (4.70 g, 17.4 mmol) in MeOH (25 mL) and DCM (100 mL) was added 10% Pd/C (0.555 g, 0.522 mmol). The reaction mixture was placed on a Parr shaker under a H2 (30 psi) for 3 h, and then filtered and concentrated in vacuo to afford 5-amino-3-benzylbenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (4.05 g) as a white solid. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 7.48 - 7.24 (m, 5H), 7.00 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.38 - 6.20 (m, 2H), 5.05 (br. s., 2H), 4.93 (s, 2H).

Step 4.

A mixture of 5-amino-3-benzylbenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (800 mg, 3.33 mmol), ethyl iodide (0.32 mL, 4.00 mmol) and cesium carbonate (1.41 g, 4.33 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was sealed and heated in a microwave system at 85 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted it with EtOAc (50 mL) and poured into water (150 mL). The organic component was washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 10%~50% EtOAc-hexanes) to afford 3-benzyl-5-(ethylamino)benzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (450 mg) as a off-white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.88 min; m/z = 269.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 7.48 - 7.25 (m, 5H), 7.05 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.27 (dd, J=8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 5.55 (t, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 4.98 (s, 2H), 3.11 - 2.85 (m, 2H), 1.12 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H). Step 5.

To a solution of 3-benzyl-5-(ethylamino)benzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (305 mg, 1.14 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (342 mg, 1.14 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added DIPEA (1.2 mL, 6.8 mmol) and HATU (475 mg, 1.25 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight, poured water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (20 mL x 2). The organic components was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge, eluted with gradient 20%~50% EtOAc- hexanes) to afford (S)-tert-butyl (l-((3-benzyl-2-oxo-2,3-dihydrobenzo[d]oxazol-5- yl)(ethyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)car bamate (180 mg) as a white foam. LC-MS retention time = 1.39 min; m/z = 452.2 [M-Boc+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Step 6.

A mixture of (S)-tert-butyl (l-((3-benzyl-2-oxo-2,3-dihydrobenzo[d]oxazol-5- yl)(ethyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)car bamate (30 mg, 0.054 mmol) and 4 M HC1 in dioxane (0.27 mL, 1.09 mmol) was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was used without further purification. LC-MS retention time = 0.83 min; m/z = 452.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 71 A solution of 25%w/w NaOMe in MeOH (0.87 mL, 3.8 mmol) was added to a stirred mixture of paraformaldehyde (46 mg, 1.5 mmol) and 2-methylbenzo[d]thiazol-5-amine (126 mg, 0.76 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt, treated with NaB¾ (72.4 mg, 1.91 mmol) and stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was treated with IN aq NaOH (4 mL), extracted with chloroform (10 mL X 3) and the combined organic component was dried, concentrated and purified by flash silica chromatography (12g S1O2, 0 - 50%

EtOAc/Hexanes) to yield Intermediate 71 (130 mg) as yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.74 min; m/z = 179.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98.

Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 7.56 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.16 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.72 (dd, J=8.6, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 3.86 (br. s., 1H), 2.91 (s, 3H), 2.80 (s, 3H).

HATU (128 mg, 0.34 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 71 (50 mg, 0.28 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (101 mg, 0.34 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.10 mL, 0.56 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The crude reaction was concentrated, and then purified with silica chromatography (12g SiC , 0 - 50% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 72 (153 mg) as a mixture (3: 1) with Intermediate 71. The mixture was carried through next step without further purification. LC-MS retention time = 1.27 min; m/z = 462.1

[M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220).

A solution of 4M HC1 (1.5 mL, 6.0 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a mixture of Intermediate 72 (0.153 g, 0.25 mmol) in MeOH (1.5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was azeotroped with EtOH and ACN to afford an HC1 salt of Intermediate 73 (126 mg) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.88 min; m/z = 362.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05%

TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 8.05 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.68 - 7.51 (m, 1H), 7.15 - 6.96 (m, 1H), 6.97 - 6.88 (m, 1H), 6.55 - 6.46 (m, 2H), 4.23 - 4.14 (m, 1H), 3.36 (s, 3H), 3.16 - 2.92 (m, 2H), 2.90 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 74

B0C2O (0.51 mL, 2.2 mmol) and then DMAP (49 mg, 0.4 mmol) were added to a solution of benzo[d]thiazol-5-amine (300 mg, 2.0 mmol) in THF (5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 68 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered, concentrated and purified by flash silica chromatography (0 - 30% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 74 (447 mg) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.08 min; m/z = 251.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ ppm 9.00 (s, 1H), 8.10 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.67 - 7.52 (m, 1H), 6.69 (br. s., 1H), 1.56 (s, 9H).

CS2CO3 (0.39 g, 1.2 mmol) was added to a solution of Intermediate 74 (0.2 g, 0.8 mmol) and bromoethane (0.09 mL, 1.2 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 2 h and then at rt for 2d. Additional bromoethane (0.09 mL, 1.2 mmol) and CS2CO3 (0.39 g, 1.2 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 2 h. Still more bromoethane (0.09 mL, 1.2 mmol) and CS2CO3 (0.39 g, 1.2 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 2 h. The reaction was quenched by sat. aq. NH4CI, extracted with EtOAc (2 x 10 mL) and concentrated. The crude residue was dissolved in DMF (5 mL), treated with bromoethane (0.09 mL, 1.2 mmol), and CS2CO3 (0.39 g, 1.2 mmol) and stirred at 70 °C for 3 h. The reaction was quenched by sat. aq. NH4CI (10 mL), extracted with EtOAc (2 x 10 mL) concentrated and purified by flash silica gel chromatography (12g S1O2, 0 - 33% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 75 (0.21 g) as yellow gum. LC-MS retention time = 1.23 min; m/z = 279.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol-d δ ppm 9.30 (s, IH), 8.07 (d, J=8.5 Hz, IH), 7.91 (d, J=1.9 Hz, IH), 7.38 (dd, J=8.5, 1.9 Hz, IH), 3.77 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.55 - 1.35 (m, 9H), 1.18 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H).

6

A solution of 4M HC1 (2.0 mL, 8.0 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a solution of Intermediate 75 (0.21 g, 0.75 mmol) in MeOH (2 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was azeotroped with EtOH to yield an HC1 salt of Intermediate 76 (189 mg) as yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.72 min; m/z = 179.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, methanol-dO δ ppm 9.47 (s, IH), 8.34 (d, J=8 Hz, IH), 8.22 (s, IH), 7.63 (d, J=8 Hz, IH), 3.57 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 1.42 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 77

HATU (109 mg, 0.29 mmol) was added to a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 76 (60 mg, 0.24 mmol) and (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (86 mg, 0.29 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) and DIPEA (0.21 mL, 1.2 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The crude reaction was concentrated and then purified with silica chromatography (12g SiC , 0 - 50%

EtOAc/hexanes) to yield Intermediate 77 (71 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.27 min; m/z = 462.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C 18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220).

Intermediate 78

A solution of 4M HCl (1.0 mL, 4.0 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a solution of Intermediate 77 (71 mg, 0.15 mmol) in MeOH (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was azeotroped with EtOH to give an HCl salt of Intermediate 78 (69 mg) as pink solid. LC- MS retention time = 0.89 min; m/z = 362.0 [M+H] + (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 100% Water : 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile : 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2. Final % B = 98. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220).

Step 1.

A mixture of 2-amino-4-nitrophenol (4.85 g, 31.5 mmol) and CDI (6.12 g, 37.8 mmol) in THF (50 mL) was heated at reflux for 8 h, then allowed to cool to room temperature and the solvent was removed under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in DCM (100 mL) and poured into 2N HCl solution (200 mL) with stirring. After 30 min, the resulting solid was collected by filtration, washed with water (2 x 50 mL) and dried in vacuo to afford 5-nitrobenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (5.23 g) as a tan solid. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.05 (dd, J=8.8, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.86 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H).

Step 2.

To a solution of 5-nitrobenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (1.67 g, 9.27 mmol) in MeOH (50 mL) and DCM (50 mL) was added 10% palladium/C (0.247 g, 0.232 mmol). The reaction mixture was placed on a Parr shaker under H2 (30 psi) overnight. The suspension was filtered and evaporated in vacuo to afford 5-aminobenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (1.35 g) as a white solid. ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 11.20 (br. s., 1H), 6.91 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.33 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.25 (dd, J=8.4, 2.1 Hz, 1H), 5.23 (br. s., 2H).

Step 3.

A mixture of 5-aminobenzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (500 mg, 3.33 mmol), ethyl iodide (0.323 mL, 4.00 mmol) and cesium carbonate (1.41 g, 4.33 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was sealed and heated under microwave radiation at 85 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (50 mL) and poured into water (150 mL). The separated organic component was washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 20%~70% EtOAc-hexanes to afford 3-ethyl-5-(ethylamino)benzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (155 mg) as a colorless oil. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 7.03 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.45 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.29 (dd, J=8.5, 2.3 Hz, 1H), 5.54 (t, J=5.4 Hz, 1H), 3.78 (q, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.17 - 2.95 (m, 2H), 1.23 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.17 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 3H).

Step 4.

To a solution of 3-ethyl-5-(ethylamino)benzo[d]oxazol-2(3H)-one (311 mg, 1.51 mmol) and (5 -2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propan oic acid (454 mg, 1.51 mmol) was added DIPEA (1.58 mL, 9.05 mmol) and HATU (631 mg, 1.66 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ON. The reaction mixture was poured into water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic component was washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to afford (<S)-tert-butyl (3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)-l-(ethyl(3-ethyl-2-oxo-2,3-dihydrobenzo[d]ox azol-5-yl)amino)-l- oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (180 mg) as a white foam. LC-MS retention time = 1.30 min; m/z = 490.25 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7um, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Step 5.

A mixture of (<S)-tert-butyl (3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-(ethyl(3-ethyl-2-oxo-2,3- dihydrobenzo[d]oxazol-5-yl)amino)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (350 mg, 0.715 mmol) and 4 M HCl in dioxane (3.58 mL, 14.3 mmol) was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was removed by a steady stream of nitrogen. The residue was triturated with ether, filtered, washed with ether and dried in vacuo to afford an HCl salt of the title compound as a purple powder. LC-MS retention time = 0.91 min; m/z = 390.00 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7U, MW1 = 132+ Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Step 1.

A mixture of benzo[d]isothiazol-5-amine (500 mg, 3.33 mmol) and NN- dimethylformamide dimethyl acetal (2.45 mL, 18.3 mmol) was sealed and heated in an oil bath at 110 °C for 2 h. The solvent was removed by evaporation and the residual tar was taken up into MeOH (10 mL) and DMF (10 mL). To this solution was added sodium borohydride (630 mg, 16.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 1 h, diluted with EtOAc (50 mL) and poured into water (150 mL). The separated organic component was washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 20%~70% EtOAc-hexanes to afford N-methylbenzo[d]isothiazol-5-amine (125 mg) as a light yellow solid. ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.86 (d, J=0.5 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (d, J=2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (dd, J=8.8, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 5.99 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 1H), 2.75 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 3H). Step 2.

To a solution of N-methylbenzo[d]isothiazol-5 -amine (120 mg, 0.731 mmol) and (<S)-2- ((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (220 mg, 0.731 mmol) was added DIPEA (0.766 mL, 4.38 mmol) and HATU (306 mg, 0.804 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h, poured into water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic components were washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was purified by preparative HPLC to afford (<S)-tert-butyl (l-(benzo[d]isothiazol-5- yl(methyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)car bamate (250 mg) as an off-white foam. LC-MS retention time = 1.27 min; m/z = 391.90 [M-¾u]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Step 3.

A mixture of (<S)-tert-butyl (l-(benzo[d]isothiazol-5-yl(methyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (250 mg, 0.559 mmol) and 4 M HCl in dioxane (2.79 mL, 11.2 mmol) was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was removed by evaporation and the residue was triturated with ether, filtered, washed with ether and dried in vacuo to afford an HCl salt of the title compound (180 mg) as a tan powder. LC- MS retention time = 0.87 min; m/z = 348.10 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ,methanol-d 4 ) δ 8.99 (s, 1H), 8.21 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.90-7.40 (m, 2H), 6.98 (t, J=9.1 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 2H), 4.17 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.37 (s, 3H), 3.12 (dd, J=13.7, 7.9 Hz, 1H), 2.97 (dd, J=13.6, 6.4 Hz, 1H).

In rmediate 82

Step 1.

To a solution of methyl benzo[d] [l,2,3]thiadiazole-5-carboxylate (1.98 g, 10.2 mmol) in THF (25 mL) and MeOH (25 mL) was added a solution of lithium hydroxide

monohydrate (0.86 g, 20 mmol) in water (25 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt ON and then partially concentrated (to -1/3 volume) in vacuo, diluted with water (25 mL), cooled with an ice bath and acidified with 5% citric acid to pH 2. The formed precipitate was collected by filteratio, washed with water and dried in vacuo to afford benzo[d][l,2,3]thiadiazole-5-carboxylic acid (1.82 g) as a white solid. ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 13.56 (br. s., 1H), 9.17 (s, 1H), 8.55 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 8.31 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H).

Step 2.

To a mixture of benzo[d] [l,2,3]thiadiazole-5-carboxylic acid (541 mg, 3.00 mmol) in toluene (30 mL) was added TEA (0.54 mL, 3.9 mmol) and diphenyl phosphorazidate (0.78 mL, 3.60 mmol). The reaction mixture was sealed and heated to 45 °C for 2 h. Tert-butyl alcohol (2.87 mL, 30.0 mmol) was added, the reaction vessel was resealed and heating continued at 110 °C for 8 h. The reaction mixture was cooled, filtered to remove solids and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into EtOAc (50 mL), washed with sat. NaHCC and brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into DCM and purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 15%~50% EtOAc-hexanes to afford tert-butyl benzo[d] [l,2,3]thiadiazol-5-ylcarbamate (377 mg) as an off-white solid. 'H NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 9.92 (br. s., 1H), 8.84 (s, 1H), 8.28 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.81 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 1.54 (s, 9H).

Step 3.

A mixture of tert-butyl benzo[d] [l,2,3]thiadiazol-5-ylcarbamate (0.370 g, 1.47 mmol) and 4 M HC1 in dioxane (9.20 mL, 36.8 mmol) was stirred at rt for 3 h and then the solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was triturated with ether, filtered, washed with ether and dried in vacuo to afford benzo[d] [l,2,3]thiadiazol-5-amine, HC1 (250 mg) as a light yellow powder. LC-MS retention time = 0.74 min; m/z = 152.00 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C). Step 4.

To a mixture of benzo[d] [l,2,3]thiadiazol-5-amine, HC1 (247 mg, 1.32 mmol) and paraformaldehyde (79 mg, 2.6 mmol) in MeOH (8 mL) was added sodium methoxide (2.10 mL, 9.21 mmol) and the reaction mixture mixture was sealed and and heated at 55 °C for 2 h. After cooling to rt, sodium borohydride (124 mg, 3.29 mmol) was added in small portions and the final mixture was stirred at rt ON. The solvent was then removed in vacuo and the residue was taken up in EtOAc (20 mL) and washed with water (50 mL). The separated aqueous component was saturated with NaCl and extracted with EtOAc (20 mL). The combined organic components were washed with brine (25 mL), dried over MgS04, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into DCM (5 mL) and purified by FCC (40 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 15%~50% EtOAc- hexanes to afford N-methylbenzo[d] [l,2,3]thiadiazol-5-amine (217 mg) as a yellow powder. ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.03 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (d, J=1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.18 (dd, J=8.8, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.38 (d, J=4.6 Hz, 1H), 2.82 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 3H).

Step 5.

A mixture of (5)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (401 mg, 1.33 mmol), N-methylbenzo[d] [l,2,3]thiadiazol-6-amine (200 mg, 1.21 mmol) and N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-l,2-dihydroquinoline (329 mg, 1.33 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was stirred at rt overnight. The solvent was removed in vacu and the residue was taken up into DCM (5 mL) and purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 15%~60% EtOAc-hexanes to afford (5 -tert-butyl (l-(benzo[d][l,2,3]thiadiazol- 5-yl(methyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)c arbamate (223 mg) as a white gum. ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, CDCh) 5 8.11 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.25 (b, 1H), 6.74 (t, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.49 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 2H), 5.22 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 4.52 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1H), 3.35 (s, 3H), 2.94 (dd, J=13.0, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 2.78 (dd, J=12.9, 5.8 Hz, 1H), 1.42 (s, 9H). Step 6.

A mixture of (<S)-tert-butyl (l-(benzo[d] [l,2,3]thiadiazol-5-yl(methyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (220 mg, 0.491 mmol) and 4 M HC1 in dioxane (2.45 mL, 9.81 mmol) was stirred at rt for 1 h. The solvent was removed by evaporation. The residue was triturated with ether, filtered, washed with ether and dried in vacuo to afford an HC1 salt of the title compound Intermediate 82 (160 mg) as an off- white powder. LC-MS retention time = 0.82 min; m/z = 348.90 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μηι, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Intermediate 83

Step 1.

To a mixture of 2-ethylpyrimidin-5 -amine (1.07 g, 8.69 mmol) and paraformaldehyde (0.522 g, 17.4 mmol) in MeOH (35 mL) was added sodium methoxide (9.93 mL, 43.4 mmol). The resulting homogeneous solution was sealed and heated at 50 °C for 4 h.

After cooling to rt, sodium borohydride (0.822 g, 21.7 mmol) was added in small portions and the final reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was partitioned between DCM (50 mL) and water (50 mL). The separated aqueous component was extarcted with DCM (2 x 20 mL) and the combined organic components were washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered, and

concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into DCM (5 mL) and purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 15%~50% acetone-hexanesto afford 2- ethyl-N-methylpyrimidin-5-amine (1.12 g) as a colorless oil. 'H NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.03 (s, 2H), 5.83 (d, J=4.4 Hz, 1H), 2.77 - 2.66 (m, 5H), 1.20 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H).

Step 2.

A mixture of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (1.32 g, 4.37 mmol), 2-ethyl-N-methylpyrimidin-5-amine (600 mg, 4.37 mmol) and N- ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-l,2-dihydroquinoline (1.19 g, 4.81 mmol) in DCM (30 mL) was stirred at rt ON. The reaction mixture was then diluted with DCM (50 mL), washed with 5% citric acid and brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into DCM (5 mL), purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 15%~100% EtOAc-hexanes to afford (5 -tert-butyl (3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)-l-((2-ethylpyrinddin-5-yl)(methyl)amino)-l-o xopropan-2-yl)carbamate (615 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.19 min; m/z = 421.05 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μηι, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Step 3.

A solution of (<S)-tert-butyl (3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-((2-ethylpyrimidin-5- yl)(methyl)amino)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (540 mg, 1.28 mmol) in HCl (4N in dioxane) (6.42 mL, 25.7 mmol) was stirred at rt for 3 h. The solvent was evaporated in vacuo and the residue was triturated with ether (10 mL), filtered, washed with ether and dried in vacuo to afford an HCl salt of the titlle compound (479 mg) as an off-white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.71 min; m/z = 321.30 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Intermediate 86

Step 1.

To a mixture of 3-fluoro-4-methoxyaniline (3.00 g, 21.3 mmol) and paraformaldehyde (1.28 g, 42.5 mmol) in MeOH (100 mL) was added sodium methoxide (19.4 mL, 85.0 mmol) and the reaction mixture mixture was sealed and heated at 55 °C for 2 h. After cooling to rt, sodium borohydride (2.01 g, 53.1 mmol) was added in small portions. The final reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was taken up in EtOAc (100 mL) and washed with water (150 mL). The separated aqueous component was saturated with NaCl, extracted with EtOAc (100 mL) and the combined organic components were washed with brine (50 mL), dried over MgS04, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into DCM (10 mL) and purified by FCC (80 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 5%~50% EtO Ac- hexanes to afford 3-fluoro-4-methoxy-N-methylaniline (3.08 g) as a light yellow oil. LC- MS retention time = 1.34 min; m/z = 153.42 [M-H]-. (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 100, Gradient Time = 2 min, Flow Rate = 1 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water: Acetonitrile 10 mM Ammonium Acetate, Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrilel 10 mM Ammonium Acetate, Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile 10 mM Ammonium Acetate, Column = Phenomenex Luna CI 8 2.0 X 30mm 3um, MW1 = 132+/- Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Step 2.

To a solution of (5)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (971 mg, 3.22 mmol), 3-fluoro-4-methoxy-N-methylaniline (500 mg, 3.22 mmol) and HATU (1.35 g, 3.54 mmol) in DMF (15 mL) was added DIPEA (2.25 mL, 12.9 mmol) dropwise. The resulted yellow solution was stirred at rt ON. The mixture was then diluted with EtOAc (50 mL), poured into water (100 mL), separated and the aqueous component was saturated with NaCl and extracted with EtOAc (20 mL). The combined organic components were washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into DCM (20 mL), purified by FCC (220 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 35%~65% EtOAc-hexanes to afford (<S)-tert-butyl (3- (3,5-difluorophenyl)- 1 -((3-fluoro-4-methoxyphenyl)(methyl)amino)- 1 -oxopropan-2- yl)carbamate (1.263 g) as a white foam. LC-MS retention time = 1.30 min; m/z = 439.05 [M+H]+. (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Step 3.

A mixture of (5)-tert-butyl (3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-l-((3-fluoro-4- methoxyphenyl)(methyl)amino)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (1.26 g, 2.88 mmol) and 4 M HC1 in dioxane (5.76 mL, 23.0 mmol) was stirred at rt for 1 h. The solvent was removed in vacuo and dried in vacuo to afford an HC1 salt of the title compound (1.10 g) as an off-white foam. LC-MS retention time = 0.90 min; m/z = 339.20 [M+H]+. (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C). TTNMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ 7.17 (t, J=8.9 Hz, 1H), 7.01 - 6.71 (m, 3H), 6.60 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 4.17 (t, J=7.1 Hz, 1H), 3.94 (s, 3H), 3.26 (s, 3H), 3.11 (dd, J=13.7, 7.6 Hz, 1H), 2.97 (dd, J=13.8, 6.7 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 87

Step 1.

To an ice bath cooled solution of tert-butyl (4-methoxyphenyl)carbamate (2.23 g, 9.99 mmol) in DMF (50 mL) was added 60% NaH (0.439 g, 11.0 mmol) as a dispersion in mineral oil in small portions with vigorous stirring. After stiring at rt for 30 min, 1- bromobut-2-yne (0.96 mL, 11 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ON. The reaction was cooled in an ice bath, quenched with iced water (-200 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 100 mL). The combined organic components were washed (brine), dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residual oil was purified via Biotage (0% ~ 35% EtO Ac/Hex; 80 g silica gel column) to afford tert-butyl but-2-yn- l-yl(4-methoxyphenyl)carbamate (2.50 g) as a white powder. LC-MS retention time = 1.32 min; m/z = 261.05 [M-CH 3 ]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Step 2.

A mixture of tert-butyl but-2-yn-l-yl(4-methoxyphenyl)carbamate (2.50 g, 9.08 mmol) and 4 M HCl in 1,4-dioxane (11.4 mL, 45.4 mmol) was stirred at rt for 1 h. The solvent was removed in vacuo. The residue was triturated with ether (20 mL), filtered, washed with ether and dried in vacuo to afford an HCl salt of N-(but-2-yn-l-yl)-4-methoxyaniline (1.87) as an off-white powder. ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d^ δ 7.55 - 7.40 (m, 2H), 7.15 - 7.07 (m, 2H), 4.19 (q, J=2.4 Hz, 2H), 3.87 (s, 3H), 1.89 (t, J=2.4 Hz, 3H).

Step 3.

To a solution of an HCl salt of (<S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difiuorophenyl)propanoic acid (854 mg, 2.83 mmol), N-(but-2-yn-l-yl)-4-methoxy aniline (600 mg, 2.83 mmol) and HATU (1.18 g, 3.12 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was added DIPEA (1.98 mL, 11.3 mmol) dropwise. The resulting yellow solution was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reactuion mixture was then diluted with EtOAc (50 mL) and poured into water (150 mL). The separated aqueous component was saturated with NaCl and extracted with EtOAc (20 mL). The combined organic components were washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into DCM (20 mL) and purified by FCC (120 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 10%~50% EtOAc- hexanes to afford (S)-tert-butyl (l-(but-2-yn-l-yl(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (1.08 g) as a white foam. LC-MS retention time = 1.41 min; m/z = 459.20 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair =

Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μη Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Step 4.

A mixture of (<S)-tert-butyl (l-(but-2-yn-l-yl(4-methoxyphenyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)-l-oxopropan-2-yl)carbamate (1.00 g, 2.18 mmol) and 4 M HC1 in 1,4- dioxane (4.91 mL, 19.6 mmol) was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was removed in vacuo, triturated with ether, filtered, washed with ether and dried in vacuo to afford an HC1 salt of Intermediate 87 (801 mg) as a white powder. LC-MS retention time = 1.05 min; m/z = 359.25 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C). ¾ NMR (500 MHz, methanol^) δ 7.18 - 6.87 (m, 5H), 6.65 - 6.49 (m, 2H), 4.52 (dd, J=17.0, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 4.31 (dd, J=16.9, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 4.07 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.87 (s, 3H), 3.12 (dd, J=13.9, 7.1 Hz, 1H), 2.93 (dd, J=13.9, 6.9 Hz, 1H), 1.79 (t, J=2.2 Hz, 3H).

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.549 g, 1.82 mmol) and 6-cyclopropyl-N-methylpyridin-3-amine (0.27 g, 1.8 mmol) in DMF (7 mL) was added DIPEA (0.636 mL, 3.64 mmol) followed by HATU (0.727 g, 1.91 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (70 mL) and EtOAc (35 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, and evaporated evaporated in vacuo to afford a light brown oil, which was purified further to afford the title product as an oil. LC-MS retention time = 3.68 min; m/z = 454.07 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles;

Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ 8.04 (s, 1H), 7.19-7.11 (m, 2H), 6.70 (t, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 2H), 5.19 (m, 1H), 4.45 (m, 1H), 3.23 (s, 3H) 2.87 (m, 1H), 2.73 (m, 1H), 2.07 (m, 1H), 1.42 (s, 9H), 1.08 (m, 4H).

To a solution of Intermediate 90 (0.77 g, 1.8 mmol) in dioxane (1 mL) was added HCl (4N in dioxane) (1.50 mL, 6 mmol) and the cloudy solution was stirred at for 4 h.

Methanol (1 mL) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. HCl (4N in dioxane) (1 mL, 4 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The solvent was evaporated and dried under high vacuum to afford an HCl salt of the title compound (0.6 g) as a light grey solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.74 min; m/z = 332.07 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Intermediate 92

To a solution of tert-butyl benzo[d]thiazol-5-yl(methyl)carbamate (0.88 g, 3.33 mmol) in THF (40 mL) was added N-butyllithium (2.5M in hexane) (2.26 mL, 5.66 mmol) at - 78 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. Then D2O (0.72 mL, 39.9 mmol) was added, and the reaction miture was allowed to warm to rt and then was stirred at rt for 17 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was partitioned between water (20 mL) and EtOAc (20 mL). The organic component was separated, dried with Na2S04, concentrated, and the residue was purified with a Biotage Horizon (10-80%

EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.48 g). LC-MS retention time = 2.63 min; m/z = 210.20 [M+H] + (the mass did not pick up). (Column: Phenomenex CI 8 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.12 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.99 (s, 1H), 7.44 (d, J=10.8 Hz, 1H), 3.34 (s, 3H), 1.41 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 93

To a mixture of Intermediate 92 (0.46 g, 1.73 mmol) in dioxane (4 mL) was added HC1

(4N in dioxane) (2.63 mL, 87 mmol) and the clear solution was stirred at rt for 17 h. The solvent was evaporated and dried under high vacuum for 64 h to afford the title compound (0.4 g) as a beige solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.81 min; m/z = 166.07

[M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 9.36 (s, 1H), 8.15 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 6.25 (m, 1H), 2.78 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 94

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.523 g, 1.735 mmol) and Intermediate 93 (0.35 g, 1.74 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.76 mL, 4.34 mmol) and then HATU (0.69 g, 1.82 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (50 mL) and EtOAc (20 mL) and the organic component was separated and dried with Na2S04, the solvent was evaporated and the crude material was purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-80% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.50 g) as a light yellow foam. LC-MS retention time = 3.85 min; m/z = 471.21 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1 % TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.32 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H), 8.12 (s, 1H), 7.49 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 6.97 (m, 1H), 6.48-6.38 (m, 2H), 4.30-4.16 (m, 1H), 3.26 (s, 3H), 2.89 (d, J=16.6 Hz, 1H), 2.71 (m, 1H), 1.27 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 95

To a solution of Intermediate 94 (0.5 g, 1.12 mmol) in dioxane (3 mL) was added HC1 (4N in dioxane) (1.69 mL, 55.7 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 17 h. Methanol (1 mL) was added and the stirring was continued at rt for 5 h. The solvent was evaporated and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford the title compound (0.43 g) as a light yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.83 min; m/z = 349.13 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH- 90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-O. P/0 TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1 -min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). 100

To a solution of 6-methylpyridin-3-amine (500 mg, 4.62 mmol) and formaldehyde (208 mg, 6.94 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was added sodium methanolate (5.29 mL, 23.2 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to 50 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt, treated sodium tetrahydroborate (437 mg, 1 1.6 mmol) in two portions and stirred at rt for 6 h. Water (10 mL) was added slowly and the mixture was extracted by EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified using a Biotage (0-100% EtOAc, 10-20% MeOH/EtOAc) to afford the title compound (0.29 g) as a red oil. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh-d) δ 7.97 (d, J= 2.7 Hz, 1H), 6.98 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (dd, J= 8.3, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 2.86 (s, 3H), 2.46 (s, 3H).

In rmediate 101

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.715 g, 2.37 mmol) and Intermediate 100 (0.29 g, 2.4 mmol) in DMF (7 mL) was added DIPEA (0.83 mL, 4.75 mmol) and then HATU (0.95 g, 2.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (70 mL) and EtOAc (35 mL), the organic component was separated and dried with Na2S04, filtered, concetrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (20-90% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.67 g) as off-white foam. LC-MS retention time = 3.48 min; m/z = 428.07 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-O. /0 TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCI3- d) 5 8.12 (s, 1H), 7.19 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.13 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 6.71 (m, 1H), 6.50 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 5.18 (m, 1H), 4.46 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 3.24 (s, 3H), 2.89 (dd, J=13.2, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 2.74 (dd, J=13.4, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 2.61 (s, 3H), 1.41 (s, 9H).

To a solution of Intermediate 101 (0.67 g, 1.7 mmol) in dioxane (6 mL) was added HC1 (4N in dioxane) (1.50 mL, 6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 17 h. Methanol (2 mL) was added, the mixture was sonicated to get a clear solution, and then the reaction mixture was stirred for 8 h. The solvent was evaporated and dried under high vacuum to afford the HC1 salt of the title compound (0.62 g) as off- white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.26 min; m/z = 306.06 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Intermediate 103

To a solution of 5-aminobenzo[d]thiazol-2(3H)-one (300 mg, 1.81 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was added formaldehyde (108 mg, 3.61 mmol) and sodium methanolate (2.1 mL, 9.0 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to 60 °C for 16 h. It was cooled to rt and sodium tetrahydroborate (171 mg, 4.51 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 30 min. Then methanol (2 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and it was stirred at rt for 6 h. Silica gel was added to the reaction mixture, the solvent was evaporated, anfd the residue was dry loaded onto a Biotage Horizon (0-100%

EtOAc/Hexane, 20% MeOH/EtOAc and 100% MeOH) for purification. The material collected was further purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (140 mg) as off-white. LC-MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 181.00 [M+H] + . (Column:

Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 11.56 (s, 1H), 7.24 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H), 6.47 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 2.70 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 104

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (143 mg, 0.48 mmol) and Intermediate 103 2,2,2-trifluoroacetate (140 mg, 0.48 mmol) in DMF (4 mL) was added DIPEA (0.20 mL, 1.2 mmol) and then HATU (190 mg, 0.50 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between EtOAc (20 mL) and water (40 mL) and the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (10-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (140 mg) as white foam. LC-MS retention time = 3.83 min; m/z = 486.02 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 12.07 (br. s, 1H), 7.69 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.13-7.00 (m, 4H), 6.50 (s,

1H), 4.19 (br. S, 1H), 3.18 (s, 3H), 2.84 (d, J=12.5 Hz, 1H), 2.73 (d, J=10.3 Hz, 1H), 1.28 (s, 9H). Intermediate 105

To a solution of Intermediate 104 (140 mg, 0.30 mmol) in dioxane (1 mL) was added HCl (4N in dioxane) (0.46 mL, 1.8 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. Methanol (1 mL) was added and the stirring was continued for 8 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dried under high vacuum to afford an HCl salt of the title compound (0.13 g) as light yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.91 min; m/z = 364.02 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 106

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.57 g, 1.88 mmol) and 6-methoxy-N-methylpyridin-3-amine (0.26 g, 1.9 mmol) in DMF (7 mL) was added DIPEA (0.66 mL, 3.8 mmol) and then HATU (0.75 g, 2.0 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (70 mL) and EtOAc (35 mL), the organic component was separated and dried with Na2S04, the solvent was evaporated to afford a crude oil which was purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-100% EtOAc) to afford the title compound (0.73 g) as a pink foam. LC-MS retention time = 3.93 min; m/z = 444.10 [M+Na] + . (Column:

Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 7.73 (s, 1H), 7.09 (s, 1H), 6.71 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.65 (m, 1H), 6.49 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 5.33 (m, 1H), 4.43 (m, 1H), 3.92 (s, 3H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 2.87 (dd, J=13.3, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 2.72 (dd, J=13.3, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 1.36 (s, 9H)

Intermediate 107

To a solution of Intermediate 106 (0.73 g, 1.7 mmol) in dioxane (6 mL) was added HC1 (4N in dioxane) (1.6 mL, 6.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 18 h. Methanol (2 mL) was added, the reaction was sonicated to get a clear solution and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dried under high vacuum overnight to afford the title compound (0.68 g) as a brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.92 min; m/z = 322.08 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Inte 108

To a solution of 6-ethylpyridin-3 -amine (500 mg, 4.09 mmol) and formaldehyde (184 mg, 6.14 mmol) in methanol (15 mL) was added sodium methanolate (4.7 mL, 20 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated at 50 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt and sodium tetrahydroborate (387 mg, 10.2 mmol) was added in two portions. The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h, slowly diltued with water (10 mL) and then extracted by EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic components were dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (20-70%

EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.41 g) as brown oil. LC-MS retention time = 2.30 min; m/z = 137.05 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh-d) δ 7.99 (s, 1H), 7.00 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (d, J=11.2 Hz, 1H), 3.65 (br. s, 1H), 2.87 (s, 3H), 2.74 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.29 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 109

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.55 g, 1.8 mmol) and Intermediate 108 (0.25 g, 1.8 mmol) in DMF (7 mL) was added DIPEA (0.64 mL, 3.7 mmol) and then HATU (0.73 g, 1.93 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (70 mL) and EtOAc (35 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.42 g) as white oil. LC-MS retention time = 3.54 min; m/z = 442.09 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh-d) δ 8.16 (s, 1H), 7.20 (s, 2H), 6.70 (t, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.47 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 2H), 5.22 (m, 1H), 4.47 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.25 (s, 3H), 2.90 (m, 3H), 2.72 (q, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 1.41 (s, 9H), 1.35 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 3H).

To a solution of Intermediate 109 (0.42 g, 1.0 mmol) in dioxane (1 mL) was added HC1 (1.1 mL, 4.4 mmol, 4N in dioxane) and the cloudy solution was stirred at rt for 4 h.

Methanol (1 mL) was added and the stirring was continued at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to afford an HC1 salt of the title compound (0.26 g). LC-MS retention time = 2.37 min; m/z = 320.12 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 111

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.617 g, 2.05 mmol) and N,5-dimethylpyridin-2-amine (0.25 g, 2.1 mmol) in DMF (7 mL) was added DIPEA (0.7 mL, 4 mmol) and then HATU (0.817 g, 2.15 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (70 mL) and EtOAc (35 mL). The organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.29 g) as light yellow oil. LC-MS retention time = 3.88 min; m/z = 406.12 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles;

Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh- d) δ 8.36 (s, 1H), 7.61 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (m, 1H), 6.65 (t, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.54 (br. s, 1H), 5.32 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 4.75 (br. s, 1H), 3.34 (s, 3H), 3.06 (dd, J=13.5, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 2.99 (br. s, 1H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 1.44-1.39 (two s, 9H)

a solution of Intermediate 111 (0.29 g, 0.72 mmol) in dioxane (2 mL) was added HC1 in dioxane) (1.1 mL, 4.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 20 h. The solvent was evaporated and dried under high vacuum for 64 h to afford an HCl salt of the title compound (0.19 g) as pink solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.75 min; m/z = 328.04 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 113

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.82 g, 2.73 mmol) and N,l-dimethyl-lH-indazol-5-amine (0.44 g, 2.73 mmol) in DMF (7 mL) was added DIPEA (0.95 mL, 5.46 mmol) and then HATU (1.09 g, 2.87 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 19 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (70 mL) and EtOAc (35 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon to afford the title compound (1.14 g) as pink foam. LC-MS retention time = 3.69 min; m/z = 467.07

[M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow:

0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.10 (s, 1H), 7.77 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.71 (s, 1H), 7.08 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (t, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 6.65- 6.39 (m, 2H), 4.09 (m overlapped with s, 4H), 3.21 (s, 3H), 2.87 (d, .7=10.5 Hz, 1H), 2.70 (t, J=9.3 Hz, 1H), 1.28 (two s, 9H).

Intermediate 114

To a solution of Intermediate 113 (1.14 g, 2.56 mmol) in dioxane (4 mL) was added HCl (4N in dioxane) (2.4 mL, 9.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 1 h. Precipitate formed and methanol (1 mL) was added to reform a homgeneous solution and the stirring was continued for 24 h. The solvent was removed and the residue was dried under high vacuum to afford an HCl salt of the title compound (1.03 g) as light brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.67 min; m/z = 345.10 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex- Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H2O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-O. P/0 TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 115

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (1278 mg, 4.24 mmol) and N,l-dimethyl-lH-benzo[d]imidazol-5-amine (570 mg, 3.54 mmol) in DCM (20 mL) was added N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-l,2-dihydroquinoline (1.05 g, 4.24 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 17 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was purified with a Biotage Horizon (30-100%

Hexane/EtOAc, 10-20% MeOH/EtOAc) to afford the title compound (0.13 g) as pink solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.29 min; m/z = 467.08 [M+Na] + . (Column:

Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H2O-O. /0 TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.32 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.28 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 6.95 (t, J=9.2 Hz, 1H),

6.34 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.25-4.14 (m, 1H), 3.90 (s, 3H), 3.23 (s, 3H), 2.86 (d, J=13.1 Hz, 1H), 2.68 (t, J=10.3 Hz, 1H), 1.28 (s, 9H). Intermediate 116

To a solution of Intermediate 115 (0.13 g, 0.29 mmol) in dioxane (2 mL) was added HC1 (4N in dioxane) (0.9 mL, 3.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h, treated with methanol (0.5 mL) and stirred for an additional 4 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was dried under high vacuum to afford an HC1 salt of the title compound (0.12 g) as light yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.97 min; m/z = 345.19 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 117

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.79 g, 2.6 mmol) in DMF (6 mL) was added N-methyl-4-(trifluoromethoxy)aniline (0.500 g, 2.62 mmol), DIPEA (0.91 mL, 5.2 mmol) and HATU (1.04 g, 2.75 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (60 mL) and EtOAc (30 mL). The organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-100%

EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.80 g) as pink solid. LC-MS retention time = 4.25 min; m/z = 375.14 [M-Boc+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400

MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 7.55 (s, 4H), 7.25 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.02 (m, 1H), 6.42 (m, 2H), 4.10 (m, 1H), 3.19 (s, 3H), 2.80-2.65 (m, 2H), 1.30 (s, 9H). Intermediate 118

To a solution of Intermediate 117 (0.800 g, 1.68 mmol) in dioxane (3 mL) was added HCl (4N in dioxane) (3.1 mL, 12.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 17 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under high vacuum to afford an HCl salt of the title compound (0.65 g) as white solid . LC-MS retention time = 3.31 min; m/z = 375.15 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 119

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (1.02 g, 3.4 mmol) and 4-cyclopropyl-N-methylaniline (0.5 g, 3.4 mmol) in DMF (7 mL) was added DIPEA (1.2 mL, 6.8 mmol) and then HATU (1.36 g, 3.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 24 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between EtOAc (35 mL) and water (70 mL), the organic component was separated, dried with Na2S04, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-50% EtOAc/hexane) to afford the title compound (1.03 g) as light brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 4.24 min; m/z = 453.20 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO- de) δ 7.26 (m, 4H), 7.14 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.00 (t, J=9.3 Hz, 1H), 6.35 (m, 2H), 4.23- 4.11 (m, 1H), 3.16 (two s, 3H), 2.75-2.60 (m, 2H), 2.00 (m, 1H), 1.30 (s, 7.5H), 1.10 (s, 1.5H), 1.00 (m, 2H), 0.72 (m, 2H).

Intermediate 120

To a solution of Intermediate 119 (1.03 g, 2.39 mmol) in dioxane (5 mL) was added HCl (4N in dioxane) (3.63 mL, 14.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 h. Methanol (5 drops) was added and the stirring continued at rt for 39 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford an HCl salt of title compound (0.87 g) as brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.38 min; m/z = 331.17 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 125

A mixture of (S)-2-amino-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (1.72 g, 8.55 mmol) and isobenzofuran-l,3-dione (1.27 g, 8.55 mmol) in DMF (12 mL) in a microwave vial (20 mL) was heated at 155 °C for 1 h in microwave reactor. The crude mixture was poured into warm water (50 mL) and stirred for 30 min. The solids were collected by filtration, washed with water and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford the title compound (2.3 g) as light brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.57 min; m/z = 354.07 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH- 90% H2O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 13.45 (br. s, 1H), 7.87 (s, 4H), 7.02-6.94 (m, 3H), 5.23 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 0.5H), 5.20 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 0.5H), 3.53 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 0.5H), 3.50 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 0.5 H), 3.35 (m, 1H, overlapped with water peak).

Intermediate 126

The solution of Intermediate 125 (500 mg, 1.51 mmol) in SOCh (1.1 mL, 15 mmol) was heated at 45 °C for 2.5 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, azeotroped with DCM (3 x 10 mL), dried under high vacuum overnight to afford the (S)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)- 2-(l,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)propanoyl chloride (0.49 g) as white solid. To a solution of (S)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-2-(l,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)propa noyl chloride (440 mg, 1.26 mmol) and 6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-3-amine (204 mg, 1.26 mmol) in DMF (6 mL) was added DIPEA (0.44 mL, 2.52 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (60 mL) and EtOAc (30 mL), the organic component was separated and dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (10-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.39 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.92 min; m/z = 476.11 [M+H] + .

(Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH- 90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature:

40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 10.50 (s, 1H), 8.86 (s, 1H), 8.30 (d, J=10.8 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (m, 5H), 7.01 (m, 1H), 6.94 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 5.35 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 0.5H), 5.33 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 0.5H), 3.65 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 0.5H), 3.62 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 0.5 H), 3.29 (m, 1H). Intermediate 127

To a solution of Intermediate 126 (0.39 g, 0.8 mmol) in DMF (6 mL) was added 60% NaH (0.036 g, 0.9 mmol) as a dispersion in mineral oil and the reaction mixture was stirred for 5 min. Then iodomethane (0.06 mL, 0.9 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 23 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with sat. aq. NLUCl (5 mL) and water (5 mL) and then extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL), the combined organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage (0- 80%) EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.19 g) as colorless oil. LC-MS retention time = 3.73 min; m/z = 490.13 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.61 (s, 1H), 7.96 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.80 (m, 2H), 7.66 (br. s, 3H), 6.96 (t, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 6.83 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 2H), 5.30 (br. s, 1H), 3.47 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 0.5H), 3.43 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 0.5 H), 3.19 (s, 3H), 3.16 (t, J=11.3 Hz, 1H).

Intermediate 128

To a solution of Intermediate 127 (0.19 g, 0.4 mmol) in ethanol (6 mL) was added hydrazine hydrate (0.1 mL, 2.3 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated at 50 °C for 5 h. The cooled reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated, azeotroped with ethanol (2 x 10 mL) and dried under high vacuum for 72 h to afford the title compound (0.14 g) as sticky solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.87 min; m/z = 360.11

[M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 129

To a solution of (S)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-2-(l,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)propa noyl chloride (1.21 g, 3.47 mmol) and 6-(difiuoromethyl)pyridin-3 -amine (0.50 g, 3.5 mmol) in DMF (6 mL) was added DIPEA (1.2 mL, 6.94 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (60 mL) and EtOAc (30 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (10-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.9 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.79 min; m/z = 458.13

[M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1 % TFA; Mobile Phase B : 90% MeOH- 10% H2O-0.1 % TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 10.37 (s, IH), 8.80 (s, IH), 8.20 (d, J=8.5 Hz, IH), 7.88 (s, 4H), 7.70 (d, J=8.8 Hz, IH), 7.06-6.92 (m, 4H), 5.32 (dd, J=13.8, 4.5 Hz, IH), 3.63 (dd, J=13.8, 4.5 Hz, IH), 3.30 (m, IH).

To a solution of Intermediate 129 (0.90 g, 2.0 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was added 60% NaH (0.087 g, 2.2 mmol) as a dispersion in mineral oil and the reaction mixture was stirred for 5 min. Then iodomethane (0.14 mL, 2.2 mmol) was added and the stirring was continuted at rt for 23 h. Sat. aq. NH4CI (10 mL) was added slowly, followed by water (100 mL), and the reaction mixture was extracted by EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-60% EtO Ac/Hexane, 60- 100% EtO Ac/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.7 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.58 min; m/z = 494.11

[M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH- 10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 131

To a solution of Intermediate 130 (0.44 g, 0.93 mmol) in ethanol (10 mL) was added hydrazine hydrate (0.27 mL, 5.60 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated at 50 °C for

5 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated, azeotroped with ethanol (2 x 10 mL) and dried under high vacuum for 64 h to afford the title compound

(0.29 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.56 min; m/z = 364.13 [M+Na] + .

(Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH- 90% H2O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-0.1% TFA; Temperature:

40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 132

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (1003 mg, 3.33 mmol) and N,2-dimethylpyrimidin-5 -amine (410 mg, 3.33 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIPEA (1.2 mL, 6.7 mmol) and HATU (1329 mg, 3.50 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (50 mL) and EtOAc (25 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (70-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.6 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.60 min; m/z = 429.17 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-

0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.77-8.61 (two s, 2H), 7.33 (m, 1H), 7.05-6.69 (m, 3H), 4.12 (m, 1H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 2.89 (m, 1H), 2.75 (m, 1H), 2.62 (s, 3H), 1.24 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 133

To a solution of Intermediate 132 (0.60 g, 1.5 mmol) in dioxane (5 mL) was added HC1 (4N in dioxane) (2.2 mL, 8.8 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 19 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford an HC1 salt of title compound (0.55 g) as light brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.29 min; m/z = 307.15 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Intermediate 140

To a solution of 6-(difluoromethoxy)pyridin-3-amine (250 mg, 1.56 mmol) and formaldehyde (70 mg, 2.3 mmol) in methanol (8 mL) was added sodium methanolate (1.8 mL, 7.8 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated at 50 °C for 18 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt and sodium tetrahydroborate (148 mg, 3.90 mmol) was added in two portions and the mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. Water (5 mL) was added slowly and the reaction mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (20-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.23 g) as colorless oil. LC-MS retention time = 1.94 min; m/z = 175.05 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 7.51 (d, J=2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.46 (t, J=74.1 Hz, 1H), 7.10 (dd, J=8.8, 3.1 Hz, 1H), 6.85 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 5.81 (m, 1H), 2.69 (d, J=5.2 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 141

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (398 mg, 1.32 mmol) and Intermediate 140 (0.23 g, 1.3 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.50 mL, 2.6 mmol) and then HATU (527 mg, 1.39 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 18 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water and EtOAc. The organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated to afford the title compound (0.48 g) as a light yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 4.00 min; m/z = 480.13 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μm particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO- de) δ 8.36-8.27 (two s, 1H), 7.92 (m, 1H), 7.74 (t, J=72.5 Hz, 1H), 7.27-7.21-7.04 (m, 3H), 6.63 (m, 2H), 4.11 (m, 1H), 3.16 (s, 3H), 2.86 (d, J=3.6 Hz, 1H), 2.73 (d, J=3.6 Hz, 1H), 1.26 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 142

To a solution of Intermediate 141 (0.48 g, 1.1 mmol) in dioxane (4 mL) was added HC1 (4N in dioxane) (1.6 mL, 6.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford an HC1 salt of title compound (0.51g) as glassy brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.92 min; m/z = 358.14 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 143

To a solution of Intermediate 20 (0.517 g, 1.35 mmol) in THF (30 mL) was added phenyl carbonochloridate (0.17 mL, 1.4 mmol) followed by the addition of triethylamine (0.563 mL, 4.04 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt under nitrogen for 4 h. All solvents were removed in vacuo. The residue was taken up in CH2CI2 (6 mL) and loaded on an ISCO silca gel cartridge (120 g) eluting with 40% EtOAc/hexanes to afford the title compound (542.9 mg) as a white foam. LC-MS retention time = 3.78 min; m/z = 468.06 [M+H] + , 490.06 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex Luna C18 50 x 2.0 mm 3 μηι.

Solvent A = 90% Water : 10% MeOH : 0.1% TFA. Solvent B = 10% Water : 90% MeOH : 0.1% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 4 minutes, then a 1 -minute hold at 100% B. Oven temperature = 40 °C.

Wavelength = 220 nm).

Intermediate 144

To a solution of (S)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)-2-(l,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl)propa noyl chloride (1079 mg, 3.09 mmol) and 5-chloro-6-methylpyridin-3-amine (440 mg, 3.09 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIPEA (1.1 mL, 6.17 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (50 mL) and EtOAc (25 mL) and the organic component was dried with Na2S04, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (10-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.66 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.64 min; m/z = 456.11 [M+H] + .

(Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH- 90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 10.22 (s, 1H), 8.54 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 8.11 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.87 (m, 4H), 7.00 (m, 1H), 6.92 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 2H), 5.30 (m, 1H), 3.61 (dd, J=13.8, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 3.28 (m, 1H), 2.51 (s, 3H, overlapped with DMSO). Intermediate 145

To a solution of Intermediate 144 (0.66 g, 1.5 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) was added 60% NaH (0.064 g, 1.6 mmol) as a dispersion in mineral oil and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 min. Then iodomethane (0.1 mL, 1.59 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 17 h and then heated to 60 °C for 1 h. To the cooled reaction mixture, Sat. NH4CI (5 mL) was added slowly and followed by water (100 mL), it was extracted by EtOAc (2 x 20 mL), the combined organic component was dried with Na2S04, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-70% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.14 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.80 min; m/z = 470.07 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 146

To a solution of Intermediate 145 (0.16 g, 0.34 mmol) in ethanol (5 mL) was added hydrazine hydrate (0.10 mL, 2.0 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated at 50 °C for 5 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated, azeotroped with ethanol (2 x 10 mL) and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford the title compound as white solid (90 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.95 min; m/z = 340.09 [M+H] + .

(Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH- 90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Intermediate 147

To a solution of thiazolo[5,4-b]pyridin-6-amine (0.50 g, 3.3 mmol) and formaldehyde (0.149 g, 4.96 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added sodium methanolate (3.78 mL, 16.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to 50 °C for 18 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt, treated sodium tetrahydroborate (0.313 g, 8.27 mmol) in two portions and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. Water (5 mL) was added slowly and most of solvent was removed. The resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (20 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified by

Biotage Horizon (20-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.36 g) as pink solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.04 min; m/z = 166.03 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex- Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H2O-0.1 % TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH- 10% H 2 O-0.1 % TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-

100% B over 4 min, then a 1 -min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 9.36 (s, 1H), 8.15 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 6.25 (m, 1H), 2.78 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 3H)

Intermediate 148

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (656 mg, 2.18 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added Intermediate 147 (360 mg, 2.18 mmol), DIPEA (0.76 mL, 4.4 mmol) and HATU (870 mg, 2.29 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (20 mL) and EtOAc (10 mL). The organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-80% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.54 g) as light yellow foam. LC-MS retention time = 3.71 min; m/z = 471.11 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 9.63 (s, 1H), 8.61 (s, 1H), 8.45 (s, 1H), 7.28 - 6.99 (m, 2H), 6.58 (m, 2H), 4.15 (m, 1H), 3.26 (two s, 3H), 2.93 (m, 1H), 2.76 (m, 1H), 1.18 (s, 9H).

To a solution of Intermediate 148 (500 mg, 1.12 mmol) in dioxane (5 mL) was added HCl (4N in dioxane) (3.4 mL, 14 mmol) and methanol (5 drops) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford an HCl salt of title compound (0.42 g) as orange solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.27 min; m/z = 349.10 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna C 18 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5% ACN-95% H2O-0. 1 % TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95% ACN-5% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Inte 150

To a suspension of 5,6-dimethylpyridin-3-amine (650 mg, 5.32 mmol) and formaldehyde (240 mg, 7.98 mmol) in methanol (20 mL) was added sodium methanolate (6.08 mL, 26.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to 50 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt, treated sodium tetrahydroborate (503 mg, 13.3 mmol) in two portions and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dry-loaded with silica gel onto Biotage Horizon (20-100% EtOAc/Hexane then 20% MeOH/EtOAc) for purification. The title compound (0.40 g) was obtained as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.44 min; m/z = 137.13 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1 % TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 7.63 (d, J=2.7 Hz, 1 H), 6.68 (d, J=2.5 H, 1H), 5.50 (m, 1H), 2.66 (d, 5.0 Hz, 3H), 2.25 (s, 3H), 2.14 (s, 3H).

Intermediate 151

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.885 g, 2.94 mmol) and Intermediate 150 (0.40 g, 2.9 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIPEA (1.02 mL, 5.87 mmol) and then HATU (1.17 g, 3.08 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (50 mL) and EtOAc (25 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (20-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.80 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.27 min; m/z = 442.20 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1 % TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1 -min hold at 100% B; Flow:

0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.32-8.25 (two s, 1H), 7.36 (s, 1H), 7.25 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (m, 1H), 6.71-6.56 (m, 2H), 4.06 (m, 1H), 3.18-3.13 (two s, 3H), 2.83 (m, 1H), 2.72 (m, 1H), 2.45 (s, 3H), 2.26 (s, 3H), 1.29 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 152

To a solution of Intermediate 151 (0.80 g, 1.9 mmol) in dioxane (6 mL) was added HCl (4N in dioxane) (2.90 mL, 11.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 20 h. Most of the solvent was removed and HCl (4N in dioxane) (2.90 mL, 95 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. Methanol (2 mL) was added and then reaction was stirred for 1 h, then additional methanol (2 mL) was added and the stirring was continuted at rt for 20 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under high vacuum to afford an HCl salt of title compound (0.7 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.20 min; m/z = 320.19 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 153

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.697 g, 2.31 mmol) and N-methylpyridin-3 -amine (0.25 g, 2.3 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.808 mL, 4.62 mmol) and then HATU (0.923 g, 2.427 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 17 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (50 mL) and EtOAc (25 mL). The organic component was dried with Na2S04, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (20-100% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.27 g) as white foam. LC-MS retention time = 3.36 min; m/z = 292.16 [M-Boc+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles;

Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO- de) δ 8.58 (m, 2H), 7.80 (m, 1H), 7.54 (m, 1H), 7.30 (m, 1H), 7.04 (m, 2H), 6.53 (m, 1H), 4.15 (m, 1H), 3.20 (s, 3H), 2.84-2.72 (m, 2H), 1.29 (two s, 9H). Intermediate 154

To a solution of Intermediate 153 (0.27 g, 0.69 mmol) in dioxane (2 mL) was added HCl (4N in dioxane) (1 mL, 4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h.

Methanol (1 mL) was added and the stirring was continued at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford an HCl salt of title compound (0.23 g) as orange solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.15 min; m/z = 292.16 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 155

3-methyl-Intermediate 103

To a suspension of 5-amino-3-methylbenzo[d]thiazol-2(3H)-one (690 mg, 3.83 mmol) and formaldehyde (172 mg, 5.74 mmol) in methanol (20 mL) was added sodium methanolate (4.4 mL, 19 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to 50 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to rt, treated sodium tetrahydroborate (362 mg, 9.57 mmol) in two portions and then stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was

concentrated, the mixture was dry-loaded with silica gel to Biotage Horizon (0-80% EtOAc/Hexane) for purification to afford the title compound (0.54 g) as white solid. LC- MS retention time = 1.84 min; m/z = 195.11 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.50 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 1H), 6.45 (dd, J=8.5, 2.3, 1H), 6.40 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 5.91 (m, 1H), 3.34 (s, 3H, overlapped with water peak), 2.72 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 3H).

Intermediate 156

To a solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (0.392 g, 1.30 mmol) and 3-methyl-Intermediate 103 (0.23 g, 1.2 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.40 mL, 2.4 mmol) and HATU (0.495 g, 1.30 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (50 mL) and EtOAc (25 mL). The organic component was dried with Na2S04, concentrated and purified twice with a Biotage Horizon (0-70% EtOAc/Hexane. 120 g column, then 10-70% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.21 g) as white foam. LC-MS retention time = 3.92 min; m/z = 500.15 [M+Na] + . (Column:

Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 7.82-7.74 (m, 1H), 7.47- 7.36 (two s, 1H), 7.22 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.09-7.00(m, 2H), 6.67-6.55 (m, 2H), 4.23 (m, 1H), 3.40 (s, 3H), 3.23-3.19 (two s, 3H), 2.89 (m, 1H), 2.71 (m, 1H), 1.28 (s, 9H).

Intermediate 157

To a solution of Intermediate 156 (210 mg, 0.44 mmol) in dioxane (2 mL) was added HCl (4N in dioxane) (0.67 mL, 2.7 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 24 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford an HC1 salt of title compound (0.19 g) as light pink solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.67 min; m/z = 378.10 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Int 158

To a solution of tert-butyl (2-methylbenzo[d]thiazol-5-yl)carbamate (1.28 g, 4.84 mmol) in acetonitrile (50 mL) was added selectfluor (3.43 g, 9.68 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 19 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between EtOAc (20 mL) and water (20 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-40% EtOAc/hexane) to afford the title compound (0.33 g) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.86 min; m/z = 283.13 [M+H] + .

(Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH- 90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 9.06 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 2.82 (s, 3H), 1.48 (two s, 9H).

Inte 159

To a solution of Intermediate 158 (0.33 g, 1.2 mmol) in dioxane (2 mL) was added HC1 (4N in dioxane) (1.1 mL, 4.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 5 h, then methanol (1 mL) was added and the stirring was continuted at rt for 7 h. Additional HC1 (4N in dioxane) (1.06 mL, 4.24 mmol) was added and the stirring was continuted at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and dried under high vacuum to afford the title compound (0.29 g) as brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.24 min; m/z = 183.03 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1 % TFA; Mobile Phase B : 90% MeOH- 10% H2O-0.1 % TF A; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

To a solution of Intermediate 125 (338 mg, 1.02 mmol) and Intermediate 159 (260 mg, 1.02 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added DIPEA (0.62 mL, 3.6 mmol) and HATU (407 mg, 1.09 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (10 mL) and EtOAc (5 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-70% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (0.28 g, with impurity). The material was purified again with a Biotage Horizon (10-70% EtOAc/Hexane, 120 g column) to afford the title compound (0.12 g) as green oil. LC-MS retention time = 3.86 min; m/z = 496.14 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90%

H2O-O. /0 TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH- 10% H2O-O. P/0 TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm ). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de)

δ 10.08 (s, 1H), 7.86 (m, 5H), 7.45 (m, 1H), 6.94 (m, 3H), 5.33 (dd, J=9.0, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 3.64 (dd, J=13.8, 4.5 Hz, 1H), 3.40 (m, 1H), 2.83 (s, 3H).

To a solution of Intermediate 160 (0.15 g, 0.30 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added 60% NaH (0.013 g, 0.33 mmol) as a dispersion in mineral oil and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 min, then iodomethane (0.02 mL, 0.33 mmol) was added and the stirring was continuted at rt for 17 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between water (50 mL) and EtOAc (25 mL), the organic component was dried with Na2S04, filtered, concentrated and purified with a Biotage Horizon (0-80% EtOAc/Hexane) to afford the title compound (60 mg) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.92 min; m/z = 510.12 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

To a solution of Intermediate 161 (60 mg, 0.118 mmol) in ethanol (3 mL) was added hydrazine hydrate (0.03 mL, 0.71 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to 50 °C for 5 h. The solvent was concentrated, the residue was azeotroped by ethanol (2 x 10 mL) and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford the title compound (40 mg) as white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.69 min; m/z = 380.20 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex CI 8 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Intermediate 170

HATU (127 mg, 0.33 mmol) was added to a mixture of (S)-2-((tert- butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (100 mg, 0.33 mmol) and N-methyl-2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][l,4]dioxin-6-amine (50 mg, 0.30 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) and DIPEA (0.16 mL, 0.91 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (125 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.94 min; m/z = 449.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 rtiM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 rtiM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Intermediate 171

A solution of 4 M HCl in dioxane (1.5 mL, 6.0 mmol) was added to a solution of Intermediate 170 (125 mg, 0.28 mmol) in MeOH (1.5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was azeotroped with EtOH and dried to afford an HCl salt of the title compound (119 mg) as yellow solid. LC- MS retention time = 0.87 min; m/z = 349.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7U. Solvent A = 100% Water: 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile: 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Gradient: 2-98% B. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220). Intermediate 172

HATU (148 mg, 0.39 mmol) was added to a mixture of (S)-2-((tert- butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (117 mg, 0.39 mmol) and 4-chloro-N-methylaniline (50 mg, 0.35 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) and DIPEA (0.18 mL, 1.1 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (108.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.37 min; m/z = 425.0 [M+H] + (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). 3

A solution of 4M HCl in dioxane (1.5 mL, 6.0 mmol) was added to a solution of

Intermediate 172 (108 mg, 0.25 mmol) in MeOH (1.5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was azeotroped with EtOH and dried to afford an HCl salt of title the compound (108 mg) as yellow solid. LC- MS retention time = 0.91 min; m/z = 325.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7U. Solvent A = 100% Water: 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile: 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Gradient: 2-98% B. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220).

HATU (0.631 g, 1.66 mmol) was added to a mixture of Intermediate 125 (0.50 g, 1.5 mmol) and quinoxalin-6-amine (0.219 g, 1.51 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) and DIPEA (0.53 mL, 3 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between aq NaHCC -NaCl (30 mL) and EtOAc (2 x 50 mL) and the combined organic components were dried, filtered concentrated and then purified by flash silica chromatography: (40g SiC , eluted with solv A = Hexane / solv B = EtOAc, gradient from 0 - 70%B, hold at 70%B) to yield the title compound (790 mg) as light yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.15 min; m/z = 459.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquit BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7U. Solvent A = 100% Water: 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile: 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Gradient: 2-98% B. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220).

60% NaH (0.019 g, 0.48 mmol) as a dispersion in mineral oil was added to a solution of Intermediate 174 (0.2 g, 0.4 mmol) in THF (5 mL). The reaction solution was then treated with Mel (0.030 mL, 0.48 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction was slowly quenched with aq. NH4CI (10 mL) and then extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The organic components were combined, dried and concentrated to afford the title compound as orange solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.11 min; m/z = 473.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7U. Solvent A = 100% Water: 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile: 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Gradient: 2- 98% B. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220).

Hydrazine (0.062 mL, 1.7 mmol) was added to a mixture of Intermediate 175 (0.20 g, 0.2 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 50 °C for 16 h. The reaction was filtered to remove solids and the filtrate was concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (44.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.28 min; m/z = 343.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

To a mixture of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)pro panoic acid (500 mg, 1.66 mmol) and quinoxalin-6-amine (219 mg, 1.5 mmol) in DMF (7 mL), DIPEA (0.80 mL, 4.5 mmol) was added, followed by HATU (631 mg, 1.66 mmol) and then the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between aq. NaHCCb-NaCl (10 mL) and EtOAc (3 x 25 mL), and the combined organic components were dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and then purified by flash silica chromatography (24 g Silica, eluted with solv A = Hexane / solv B = EtOAc, gradient from 0 - 50%B, hold at 50%B) to afford the title compound (515 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.15 min; m/z = 429.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 x 50 mm 1.7U. Solvent A = 100% Water: 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile: 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Gradient: 2-98% B. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, chloroform-d) δ 8.96 - 8.65 (m, 3H), 8.31 (d, J=2.3 Hz, IH), 8.01 (d, J=9.0 Hz, IH), 7.81 (dd, J=9.0, 2.3 Hz, IH), 6.83 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 6.77 - 6.66 (m, IH), 5.19 (d, J=6.8 Hz, IH), 4.58 (d, J=6.3 Hz, IH), 3.30 (dd, J=14.1, 6.5 Hz, IH), 3.20 - 3.05 (m, IH), 1.46 (s, 9H).

To a mixture of Intermediate 177 (200 mg, 0.46 mmol) in DMF (3 mL), 3-bromoprop-l - ene (0.06 mL, 0.7 mmol) was added, followed by 60% NaH (20 mg, 0.51 mmol) as a dispersion in mineral oil and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between aq. NH4Cl-NaCl (10 mL) and EtOAc (3 x 15 mL), and the combined organic components were dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and then purified by flash silica chromatography (12 g Silica, eluted with solv A = Hexane / solv B = EtOAc, gradient from 0 - 50%B, hold at 50%B) to afford the title compound (176 mg). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, chloroform-d) δ 8.91 (br. s., 2H), 8.14 (d, J=8.8 Hz, IH), 7.60 (br. s., IH), 7.32 (br. s., IH), 6.71 (t, J=8.4 Hz, IH), 6.47 (d, J=5.0 Hz, 2H), 5.85 (ddd, J=17.0, 6.5, 3.9 Hz, IH), 5.22 (d, J=7.5 Hz, IH), 5.17 (d, J=10.0 Hz, IH), 5.08 (d, J=17.3 Hz, IH), 4.49 (d, J=6.5 Hz, IH), 4.36 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 2H), 2.94 (dd, J=12.9, 8.2 Hz, IH), 2.76 (dd, J=12.9, 5.4 Hz, IH), 1.40 (br. s., 9H).

To a mixture of Intermediate 178 (172 mg, 0.36 mmol) in MeOH (1.5 mL), 4M HC1 in dioxane (1.5 mL, 6 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was azeotroped with toluene to afford an HC1 salt of the title compound (160 mg) which was used without additional purification. LC-MS retention time = 0.86 min; m/z = 369.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 x 50 mm 1.7U. Solvent A = 100% Water: 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile: 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Gradient: 2-98% B.

Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220).

3-Bromoprop-l-ene (0.28 mL, 3.3 mmol) was added to a solution of Intermediate 174 (0.30 g, 0.65 mmol) and CS2CO3 (0.43 g, 1.3 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 2 h, then at rt overnight. 60% NaH (0.039 g, 0.98 mmol) as a dispersion in mineral oil and additional 3-bromoprop-l-ene (0.28 mL, 3.3 mmol) were added and the stirring was continued at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (0.18 g). LC-MS retention time = 1.19 min; m/z = 499.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7U. Solvent A = 100% Water: 0.05% TFA. Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile: 0.05% TFA. Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Gradient: 2-98% B. Gradient Time = 1.5 min. Wavelength = 220).

Intermediate 181

Hydrazine (0.018 mL, 0.48 mmol) was added to a solution of Intermediate 180 (90 mg, 0.12 mmol) in EtOH (5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 50 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (18.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.53 min; m/z = 371.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95 :5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

To a solution of Intermediate 13 (260 mg, 0.812 mmol) in dioxane (10 mL) was added 5- bromo-2-chloropyrimidine (157 mg, 0.812 mmol), BINAP (76 mg, 0.12 mmol), cesium carbonate (529 mg, 1.62 mmol) and reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen gas for 5 min. Pd(OAc)2 (14.6 mg, 0.065 mmol) was added the reaction mixture was heated to reflux and stirred for 5h. The reaction mixture was cooled RT, diluted with saturated aqueous NFUCl solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (24g Redisep® SiC column, eluting with 40 % EtOAc in n-hexanes) to afford the title compound (0.129 g) as a red liquid. LC-MS retention time = 3.1 1 min; m/z = 477.0 [M+H] + . Column: ΚΓΝΕΤΙΧ XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH 4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

To a solution of Intermediate BB-1 (150 mg, 0.314 mmol) in dioxane (15 mL) was added potassium acetate (61.7 mg, 0.629 mmol), bis(pinacolato)diboran (160 mg, 0.629 mmol) and reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen for 10 min. PdCl2(dppf).CH2Cl2 adduct (20.5 mg, 0.025 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and heated to 100 °C and stirred for 5h. The reaction mixture was cooled RT, diluted with saturated aqueous NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried Na2S04), filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (0.3 g) as pale yellow solid which was taken to next reaction without further purification. LC-MS retention time = 3.45 min; m/z = 525.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Intermediate BB-3

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 4 (100 mg, 0.35 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added 2,4,6-trichloro-l,3,5-triazine (64.9 mg, 0.35 mmol), followed by DIPEA (0.18 mL, 1.0 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with DCM (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (20 mL), brine (20 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by combifiash chromatography (40 g Redisep ® SiC column, eluting with 0-20 % EtOAc in hexanes) to afford the title compound (60 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.2 min; m/z = 680.5 [M+H] + . Column: Acquity BEH C8 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 μ: Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCO2NH4 in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCO2NH4 in water: ACN (5:95); 5% B to 95% B over 1.1 minutes and then hold a 0.6 min. at 95% B of flow rate 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Intermediate BB-4

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 4 (100 mg, 0.35 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was added 4,6-dichloro-l,3,5-triazin-2-amine (58 mg, 0.35 mmol) followed by DIPEA (0.18 mL, 1.0 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with DCM (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (20 mL), brine (20 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (16 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.60 min; m/z = 413.2 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM

NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm.

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 18 (1.00 g, 3.21 mmol) in dioxane (20 mL) was added cesium carbonate (2.62 g, 8.03 mmol), 5-bromo-2-iodopyrimidine (1.10 g, 3.85 mmol), BINAP (0.300 g, 0.482 mmol) and reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(OAc)2 (0.058 g, 0.257 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and heated to reflux for 8h. The reaction mixture was cooled RT, diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (24g Redisep ® S1O2 column, eluting with 35% EtOAc in n-hexanes) to afford the title compound (1. lg) as a pale red solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.72 min; m/z = 468.0 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB- C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-c e) δ 9.49 (s, 1H), 8.34

- 8.23 (m, 3H), 8.11 (s, 1H), 7.75 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (m, 3H), 6.80 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 2H), 4.50 (br. s., 1H), 3.24 (s, 3H), 3.02 (dd, J=13.6, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 2.89

- 2.79 (m, 1H). 6

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-5 (1.00 g, 2.14 mmol) in dioxane (20 mL) was added bis(pinacolato)diboron (0.651 g, 2.56 mmol), potassium acetate (0.419 g, 4.27 mmol) and the reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen for 10 min. PdCl2(dppf) CH2CI2 adduct (0.139 g, 0.171 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and stirred at 100 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT; diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried Na2S04), filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (0.3 g) as pale yellow solid which was taken to next reaction without further purification. LC-MS retention time = 3.09 min; m/z = 516.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 9.49 (s, 1H), 8.36 (br. s., 2H), 8.27 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 8.17 (br. s., 1H), 7.88 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (br. s., 1H), 7.07 (br. s., 3H), 6.84 (br. s., 2H), 4.55 (br. s., 1H), 3.23 (s, 3H), 3.07 - 2.98 (m, 1H), 2.94 - 2.82 (m, 1H), 1.27 (s, 12H).

To a solution of Intermediate 4 (1.20 g, 4.22 mmol) in 2-propanol (20 mL) was added 2,4-dichloropyrimidine (0.629 g, 4.22 mmol), DIPEA (3.69 mL, 21.10 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to reflux and stirred for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (24g Redisep® S1O2 column, eluting with 30% EtOAc in n-hexanes) to afford the title compound (0.8 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.49 min; m/z =397.0 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM

HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHZ, DMSO-c e) δ 8.20 (d, J=4.9 Hz, IH), 7.95 (d, J=5.7 Hz, IH), 7.37 (d, J=5.7 Hz, 2H), 7.18 - 7.10 (m, 3H), 7.05 (d, J=9A Hz, 2H), 6.85 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 6.69 (d, J=5.3 Hz, IH), 4.6Ο - 4.40 (m, IH), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.14 (s, 3H), 2.96 (dd, J=13.8, 4.2 Hz, IH), 2.72 (dd, J=13.2, 10.2 Hz, IH).

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 20 (120 mg, 0.345 mmol) in 2-propanol (5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.181 mL, 1.036 mmol), 2,4-dichloropyrimidine (61.8 mg, 0.415 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 100 °C for l Oh. The reaction mixture was cooled RT, diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude material was purified by preparative LC/MS to afford the title product (32 mg) as a pale yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.59 min; m/z = 460.2 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95 :5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH4OAC in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-c e) δ 9.51 (s, IH), 8.40 (d, J=8.0 Hz, IH), 8.31 (d, J=8.5 Hz, IH), 8.23 (br. s., IH), 7.90 (d, J=5.5 Hz, IH), 7.64 (d, J=8.0 Hz, IH), 6.97 (t, J=9.5 Hz, IH), 6.49 (dd, J=14.1, 6.5 Hz, 3H), 4.61 (br. s., IH), 3.29 (s, 3H), 3.10 (dd, J=13.8, 3.8 Hz, IH), 2.83 (dd, J=13.6, 10.0 Hz, IH).

To a solution of Intermediate 18 (1.60 g, 5.14 mmol) and 2-chloropyrimidine-4- carboxylic acid (0.978 g, 6.17 mmol) in DMF (8 mL) at room temperature was added DIPEA (2.69 mL, 15.4 mmol), HATU (2.34 g, 6.17 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness and the crude product was purified by combifiash chromatography (24g Redisep® SiC column, eluting with 30% EtOAc in n-hexanes) to afford the title compound (600 mg) as a yellow solid. LC- MS retention time = 2.49 min; m/z = 452.0 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHZ, D2O, DMSO-de) δ 9.46 (s, 1H), 8.97 (d, J=4.8 Ηζ, ΙΗ), 8.23 (d, J=9 HZ, 1H), 7.87 (m, 2H), 7.30 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.20 - 7.10 (m, 3H), 6.84 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 1H), 4.69 (m, 1H), 3.25 (s, 3H), 3.01 - 2.89 (m, 2H).

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 13 (1.00 g, 3.12 mmol) in 2-propanol (20 mL) was added 2,4-dichloropyrimidine (465 mg, 3.12 mmol), DIPEA (2.73 mL, 15.61 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to reflux for 5h. The reaction mixture was diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude product was purified by combifiash chromatography (24g Redisep ® SiC column, eluting with 30% EtOAc in n-hexanes) to afford the title compound (0.8 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.98 min; m/z =433.0 [M+H] + . Column:

KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHZ, DMSO-c e) δ 8.22 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 8.06 - 7.93 (m, 1H), 7.58 - 7.42 (m, 2H), 7.08 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.03 - 6.94 (m, 1H), 6.71 (d, J=5.3 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (br. s., 2H), 4.56 - 4.37 (m, 1H), 3.33 (s, 3H), 3.16 (s, 3H), 2.93 - 2.83 (m, 2H).

Intermediate BB-13

To a stirred solution of (S)-tert-buty\ (l-oxo-3-phenylpropan-2-yl)carbamate (1.00 g, 4.01 mmol) and 4-methoxyaniline (0.49 g, 4.01 mmol) in MeOH (20mL) was added ammonium acetate (0.31 g, 4.01 mmol) followed by hexahydro-[l,4]dioxino[2,3- >][l,4]dioxine-2,3,6,7-tetraol (0.843 g, 4.01 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (100 mL) and washed with water (25 mL), brine (25 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (30 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.87 min; m/z = 394.2 [M+H] + .

Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. Intermediate BB-14

To a Intermediate BB-13 (30 mg, 0.08 mmol) was added a solution of 4 M HCl (381 μί, 1.53 mmol) in dioxane and stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness to afford the HCl salt of the title compound (25 mg) as brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.95 min; m/z = 294.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB- C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 rnL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 8.78 (br. s., 2H), 7.30 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.26 - 7.16 (m, 3H), 6.90 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 2H), 6.76 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 2H), 6.64 (d, J=9.1 Hz, 2H), 4.22 (br. s., 1H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 3.23 - 3.18 (m, 2H)

I 5

To a stirred solution of (<S)-2-((fe^butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid (200 mg, 0.754 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added HATU (430 mg, 1.131 mmol), DIPEA (0.395 mL, 2.262 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. 4-(fer/-Butyl)- N-methyl aniline (148 mg, 0.905 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and stirred at room temperature for 16 h.The reaction mixture was then diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 X 25 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with 10% aqueous NaHCC solution (25 mL), water (25 mL), brine (25 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (24g Redisep ® S1O2 column, eluting with 0-15% EtOAc in hexanes) to afford the title compound (0.12 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.44 min; m/z = 411.3 [M+H] + . Column: Acquity BEH C8 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 μηι: Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM NH4OAC in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); 5% B to 95% B over 1.1 minutes and then hold a 0.6 min. at 95% B of flow rate 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHz, CDCh) δ 7.38 (d, J=7.93 Hz, 2H), 7.23 - 7.13 (m, 3H), 6.87 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 2H), 6.81 (m, 2H), 5.30 - 5.17 (m, 1H), 4.69 - 4.56 (m, 1H), 3.24 (s, 3H), 2.84 (dd, J=13.8, 6.6 Hz, 1H), 2.62 (dd, J=12.6, 7.5 Hz, 1H), 1.37 (s, 9H), 1.34 (s, 9H).

I 6

Intermediate BB-15 (150 mg, 0.365 mmol) was added HCl (457 μί, 1.827 mmol, 4M in dioxane) and reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the residue was triturated with hexane (3x 50 mL) followed by azeotropic distillation of solid product with toluene (2 x 25 mL) to afford the title compound (0.1 lg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.12 min; m/z = 31 1.2 [M+H] + . Column: Acquity BEH C8 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 μ: Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5 :95); 5% B to 95% B over 1.1 minutes and then hold a 0.6 min. at 95% B of flow rate 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHZ, DMSO-c e) δ 8.31 (br. s., 2H), 7.42 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 2H), 7.30 - 7.20 (m, 3H), 6.97 (m, 2H), 6.74 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.84 (br. s., 1H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 2.91 (dd, J=12.6, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 2.75 (dd, J=13.8, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 1.31 (s, 9H).

To a stirred solution of (<S)-2-((fe^butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difiuorophenyl)propanoic acid (150 mg, 0.498 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added HATU (284 mg, 0.747 mmol), DIPEA (0.261 mL, 1.49 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. 4-(/er/-Butyl)-N-methyl aniline (98 mg, 0.60 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 X 25 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with 10% aqueous NaHCC solution (25 mL), water (25 mL), brine (25 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by combifiash chromatography (24g Redisep ® SiC column, eluting with 0-15% EtOAc in hexanes) to afford the title compound (0.12 g) as a brown color liquid. LC-MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 447.3 [M+H] + . Column: Acquity BEH C8 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 μιτι: Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM NFUOAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); 5% B to 95% B over 1.1 minutes and then hold a 0.6 min. at 95% B of flow rate 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHZ, CDCh) δ 7.45 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.00 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 2H), 6.63 (t, J=9.1 Hz, 1H), 6.31 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 5.30 (d, J=14.7 Hz, 1H), 4.63 (m, 1H), 3.27 (s, 3H), 2.82 (dd, J=13.4, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 2.64 - 2.53 (dd, J=13.4, 7.8 Hz, 1H), 1.38 (s, 9H), 1.34 (s, 9H).

A solution of Intermediate BB-17 (120 mg, 0.269 mmol) was added HC1 in dioxane (4M solution, 336 μΐ, 1.34 mmol) reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the residue was triturated with hexane (3 x 50 mL) followed by azeotropic distillation with toluene (2 x 25 mL) afford the title compound (0.10 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.25 min; m/z = 347.2 [M+H] + Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM

HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 8.37 (br. s., 2H), 7.49 (d, J=8.69 Hz, 2H), 7.17 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.05 (m, 1H), 6.41 (d, J=6.04 Hz, 2H), 3.90 (m, 1H), 3.20 (s, 3H), 3.01 - 2.76 (m, 2H), 1.31 (s, 9H).

Intermediate BB-19

To a stirred solution of tert-butyl (l-methyl-6-oxo-l,6-dihydropyridin-3-yl)carbamate (1 g, 4.46 mmol) in DMF (10 mL) at 0 °C was added portion wise 60% NaH (0.446 g, 11.15 mmol, dispersion in mineral oil) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 min. Methyl iodide (0.418 mL, 6.69 mmol) was added drop wise at the same temperature and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 30 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (50 mL), brine (50 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (1 g) as pale yellow oil. LC-MS retention time = 1.34 min; m/z = 239.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHZ, DMSO-c e) δ 7.75 (d, J=2.6 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (dd, J=9.8, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 6.34 (d, J=9.4 Hz, 1H), 3.33 (s, 3H), 3.07 (s, 3H), 1.37 (s, 9H). Intermediate BB-20

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-19 (1.0 g, 4.20 mmol) in dioxane (2 mL) was added 4 M HCl in dioxane (6 mL, 4.20 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 3h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the residue was triturated with diethyl ether (3 x 50 mL) and the resulting solid was allowed to settle and the supernatant was decanted to afford the title compound as an off white solid (0.5 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.45 min; m/z = 139.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-c e) δ 11.67 - 10.44 (br. s., 1H), 8.03 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (dd, J=10.0, 3.0 Hz, 1H), 6.56 (d, J=9.5 Hz, 1H), 3.46 (s, 3H), 2.80 (s, 3H).

To a stirred solution of (<S)-2-((fe^butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (0.250 g, 0.830 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) at 0 °C was added HATU (0.38 g, 1 mmol) and DIPEA (0.73 mL, 4.15 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. Intermediate BB-20 (0.17 g, 0.913 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 25 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with 10% NaHCCb solution (20 mL), water (25 mL), brine (25 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (0.31 g) as a dark blue oil. LC-MS retention time = 2.10 min; m/z = 422.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH 4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-21 (0.3 g, 0.712 mmol) in dioxane (ImL) at 0 °C was added 4M HC1 in dioxane (3 mL, 0.712 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; and the residue was triturated with diethyl ether (3 x 50 mL). The resulting solid was allowed to settle and the supernatant was decanted to afford the title compound (0.21g) as a brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.92 min; m/z = 322.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB- C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Inte BB-23

To a solution of 4-morpholinoaniline (1.5 g, 8.42 mmol) in methanol (10 mL) was added sodium methoxide (2.2 mL, 10.10 mmol), paraformaldehyde (0.278 g, 9.26 mmol) and the reaction mixture was at room temperature for l Oh. To this stirred reaction mixture was added sodium borohydride (0.48 g, 12.62 mmol) and stirred further at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with aqueous saturated solution of NH4CI (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried Na2S04), filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (1.3g) as a yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.99 min; m/z = 193.2

[M+H] + Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM

HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 6.77 (d, J=9.04 Hz, 2H), 6.48 (d, J=9.04 Hz, 2H), 5.13 (br. s., 1H), 3.70 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 4H), 2.89 (t, J=4.8 Hz, 4H), 2.62 (s, 3H).

To a stirred solution of (<S)-2-((fe^butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (2.59 g, 8.58 mmol) in DMF (20 mL) was added

Intermediate BB-23 (1.5 g, 7.8 mmol), HATU (4.45 g, 11.7 mmol) followed by DIPEA (6.81 mL, 39.0 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (25 mL), extracted with EtOAc (2 x 25 mL) and the combined organic layer was washed with brine (50 mL), dried Na2S04), filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (2.5 g) as a brown color solid. The crude was taken to next reaction without any further purification. LC-MS retention time = 2.8 min; m/z = 476.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

HCl in dioxane (4M solution, 13.0 mL, 52.6 mmol) was added to the Intermediate BB-24 (2.5 g, 5.3 mmol) and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the crude product was basified with saturated aq. NaHCC (25 mL) solution and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 25 mL). The combined organic layer was dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (1.2 g) as pale red liquid. LC-MS retention time = 1.93 min; m/z = 376.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM

HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Intermediate BB-26

To a stirred solution of (<S)-2-((fe^butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difiuorophenyl)propanoic acid (750 mg, 2.49 mmol), HATU (947 mg, 2.49 mmol) and DIPEA (0.435 mL, 2.49 mmol) in DMF (7.5 mL) was added 3,4-difluoro-N- methylaniline (356 mg, 2.49 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mass quenched into water (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (30 mL), brine (30 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (40 g Redisep® S1O2 column, eluting with 40-45% EtOAc in n-hexanes) to afford the title compound (860 mg) as a colorless liquid. LC-MS retention time = 4.37 min; m/z = 427.0 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μm; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 7.74-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.21 (d, J=7.93 Hz, 1H), 7.03 (t, J=9.3 Hz, 1H), 6.63 (br. s., 2H), 4.18 (br. s., 1H), 3.05 (s, 3H), 2.86 (d, J=9.44 Hz, 2H), 1.36 (s, 9H).

Intermediate BB-27

To a Intermediate BB-26 (860 mg, 2.02 mmol) was added a solution of 4 M HCl (10 mL, 40 mmol) in dioxane and stirred at room temperature for lh. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the crude product was basified with saturated aqueous solution of Na2C03 and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 30 mL). The combined organic layer were washed with water (40 mL), brine (40 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and

concentrated to afford the title compound (525 mg) as colorless oil. LC-MS retention time = 1.96 min; m/z = 327.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHZ, DMSO-c e) δ 7.49 (dd, J=19.2, 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.32 - 7.23 (m, 1H), 7.09 - 6.99 (m, 2H), 6.66 (br. s., 1H), 3.41 - 3.36 (m, 1H), 3.10 (br. s., 3H), 2.73 (br. s., 1H), 2.56 (br. s., 1H), 1.85 (br. s., 2H). I 1

To a stirred solution of (5)-2-((teri-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (4.46 g, 14.8 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) was added HATU (8.44 g, 22.2 mmol), TEA (4.12 mL, 29.6 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. N-methyl-4-ethylaniline (2.00 g, 14.8 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was then diluted with water (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with 10% aqueous NaHCC solution (50 mL), brine (50 mL), dried

(Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (40 g Redisep ® SiC column, eluting with 0-15% EtOAc in hexanes) to afford the title compound (2.5 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.7 min; m/z = 419.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONFU in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

I 2

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-28.1 (4.0 g, 9.6 mmol) in DCM (25 mL) was added HC1 in dioxane (4M, 10 mL, 38.2 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the residue was triturated with hexane (2 x 25 mL) to afford the title compound (3.0 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.03 min; m/z = 319.2 [M+H] + . Column: Acquity BEH C8 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 μ: Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); 5% B to 99% B over 1.1 minutes and then hold a 0.6 min. at 95% B of flow rate 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

I 1

To a stirred solution of (<S)-2-((fe^butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difiuorophenyl)propanoic acid (200 mg, 0.66 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added HATU (380 mg, 0.1 mmol), DIPEA (0.39 mL, 1.99 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. N-methyl-4-propylaniline (120 mg, 0.8 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was then diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 X 25 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with 10% aqueous NaHCC solution (25 mL), water (25 mL), brine (25 mL) dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude product was purified by combifiash chromatography (24 g Redisep ® SiC column, eluting with 0-15% EtOAc in hexanes) to afford the title compound (0.25 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.33 min; m/z = 377.2 [M-isobutylene+H] + . Column: Acquity BEH C8 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 μ: Flow rate: 0.8 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM NLUOAc in water (pH=3.5): ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); 5% B to 95% B over 1.1 minutes and then hold a 0.6 min. at 95% B of flow rate 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHZ, DMSO-ife) δ 7.35 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.31 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 2H), 7.13 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (t, J= 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.34 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.17 (m, 1H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 2.77 - 2.58 (m, 4H), 1.70 - 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.30 (s, 9H), 0.92 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 3H). I 2

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-29.1 (250 mg, 0.58 mmol) in DCM ( 10 mL) was added HC1 in dioxane (4M, 457 μί, 1.83 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the residue was triturated with hexane (2 x 25 mL) to afford the title compound (0.2 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.93 min; m/z = 333.2 [M+H] + Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH 4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Intermediate BB-30.1

To a stirred solution of (<S)-2-((fe^butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difiuorophenyl)propanoic acid (200 mg, 0.66 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added 3-fiuoro- N,5-dimethylaniline (139 mg, 0.996 mmol), N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-l,2- dihydroquinoline (226 mg, 0.913 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (40 g Redisep ® S1O2 column, eluting with 20 % EtOAc in hexanes) to afford the title compound (0.25g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.18 min; m/z = 367.2 [M-isobutylene+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB- C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM NFUOAc in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NFUOAc in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCb) δ 6.87 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.69 (tt, J=9.0, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 6.50 (br. s., 2H), 6.40 (br. s., 2H), 5.17 (br. s., 1H), 4.50 (d, J=5.8 Hz, 1H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 2.88 (dd, J=13.0, 8.3 Hz, 1H), 2.77 - 2.68 (m, 1H), 2.32 (s, 3H), 1.40 (br. s., 9H).

Intermediate BB-30.2

To a solution of Intermediate BB-30.1 (250 mg, 0.59 mmol) in DCM ( 10 mL) was added HC1 in dioxane (4M, 0.15 mL, 0.59 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the residue was triturated with n-hexane (2 x 25 mL) to afford the title compound (0.2 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.83 min; m/z = 323.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB- C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM LtOAc in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Intermediate BB-31.1

A mixture of (S)-2-amino-3-(3,5-difluorophenyl)propanoic acid (1.72 g, 8.55 mmol) and isobenzofuran-l ,3-dione (1.27 g, 8.55 mmol) in DMF (12 mL) in a microwave vial (20 mL) was heated at 155 °C for 1 h in a microwave reactor. The crude mixture was poured into water (50 mL) and stirred for 30 min. The solids were collected by filtration, washed with water and dried under high vacuum overnight to afford the title compound (2.3 g) as light brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.57 min; m/z = 354.07 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1 % TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 13.45 (br. s, 1H), 7.87 (s, 4H), 7.02-6.94 (m, 3H), 5.23 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 0.5H), 5.20 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 0.5H), 3.53 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 0.5H), 3.50 (d, J=4.5 Hz, 0.5 H), 3.35 (m, 1H, overlapped with water peak).

Intermediate BB-31.2

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-31.1 (0.400 g, 1.21 mmol), 4-amino-2- methylbenzonitrile (0.191 g, 1.45 mmol) and pyridine (0.586 mL, 7.24 mmol) in DCM (8 mL) was added POCh (0.338 mL, 3.62 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with 10% aqueous solution of NaHCCb (25 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 25 mL). The combined organic layer was dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude product was washed with mixture of diethyl ether and DCM (7:3) and dried under vacuum to afford the title compound (0.35 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.02 min; m/z = 446.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 10.24 (s, 1H), 7.87 (s, 4H), 7.72 (d, J=9.3 Hz, 1H), 7.64 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 7.03 - 6.82 (m, 3H), 5.27 (dd, J=10.76, 4.72 Hz, 1H), 3.59 (dd, J=13.79, 4.72 Hz, 1H), 3.28 (dd, J=13.79, 4.72 Hz, 1H), 2.42 (s, 3 H). Intermediate BB-31.3

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-31.2 (0.35 g, 0.79 mmol) in DMF (8 mL) was added portion wise NaH (0.063 g, 60% in mineral oil, 1.6 mmol) at 0 °C and stirred for 10 min. Methyl iodide (0.197 mL, 3.14 mmol) was added at 0 °C and stirred further at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with ice cold saturated aqueous solution of NH4CI (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (24 g Redisep® S1O2 column, eluting with 25 % EtOAc in n-hexanes) to afford the title compound (0.25 g) as a pale yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.31 min; m/z = 460.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM

HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 7.84 - 7.76 (m, 2H), 7.67 (dd, J=5A, 3.02 Hz, 2H), 7.50 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (d, J=9.4 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (br. s., 1H), 6.94 (t, J=9.4 Hz, 1H), 6.82 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 5.28 (dd, J=10.4, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 3.47 (dd, J=13.8, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 3.18 (s, 3H), 3.08 (dd, J=13.8, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 1.99 (s, 3 H).

Intermediate BB-31.4

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-31.3 (0.17 g, 0.37 mmol) in ethanol (4 mL) in a sealed tube was added 40% aqueous solution of methylamine (0.144 g, ,1.85 mmol) and the resultant reaction mixture was stirred at 65 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature; ethanol was removed under reduced pressure and the residue was diluted with water (25 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 25 mL). The combined organic layer was dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (12 g Redisep ® SiC column, eluting with 3% MeOH in chloroform) to afford the title compound (100 mg) as a yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.98 min; m/z = 330.3 [M+H] + . Column: Acquity BEH C8 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 μ: Flow rate: 0.5 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM NEUOAc in water: ACN

(95:5); Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); 20% B to 90% B over 1.1 minutes and then hold a 0.6 min. at 90% B of flow rate 0.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

To a stirred solution of (5)-2-((/er/-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-(3,5- difiuorophenyl)propanoic acid (250 mg, 0.83 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added 3-fiuoro- N,5-dimethylaniline (155 mg, 0.996 mmol), N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-l,2- dihydroquinoline (226 mg, 0.913 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (40 g Redisep ® SiC column, eluting with 20 % EtOAc in n-hexanes) to afford the title compound (0.25 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.46 min; m/z = 439.2 [M+H] + . Column: Acquity BEH C8 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 μ: Flow rate: 0.5 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM NFUOAc in water: ACN

(95:5); Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); 20% B to 90% B over 1.1 minutes and then hold a 0.6 min. at 90% B of flow rate of 0.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHZ, CDCh) δ 7.24 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 6.80 - 6.66 (m, 3H), 6.50 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 2H), 5.19 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 4.52-4.40 (m, 1H), 3.19 (s, 3H), 2.87 (dd, J=13.2, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 2.72 (dd, J=13.2, 6.0 Hz, 1H), 2.39 (s, 3H), 1.41 (br. s., 9H).

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-32.1 (250 mg, 0.57 mmol) in DCM ( 10 mL) was added HC1 in dioxane (0.15 mL, 0.57 mmol, 4M in dioxane) and stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the residue was triturated with n-hexane (2 x 25 mL) to afford the title compound (0.210 g) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 3.13 min; m/z = 339.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (300 MHZ, DMSO-c e) δ 8.47 (br. s., 2H), 7.41 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.23 - 7.01 (m, 3H), 6.63 (d, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 3.98 (br. s., 1H), 3.14 (s, 3H), 2.95 - 2.89 (m, 2H), 2.34 (s, 3H).

Intermediate BB-33.1 To a stirred solution of (S)-2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl) amino)-3-(3, 5-difiuorophenyl) propanoic acid (300 mg, 0.99 mmol), N-allyl-6-methoxypyridin-3-amine (164 mg, 0.99 mmol) and pyridine (0.24 mL, 3.0 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added drop wise POCh (0.09 mL, 0.99 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was allowed to warm to RT and stirred for 3 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (-20 mL), washed with water (20 mL), brine (20 mL), dried Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude product was purified by combiflash chromatography (40 g Redisep® S1O2 column, eluting with 10- 15% EtOAc in hexanes) to afford the title compound (110 mg) as a colorless liquid. LC- MS retention time = 3.35 min; m/z = 448.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCO2NH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCO2NH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 254 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, CDCh) δ 7.67 (br s, 1H), 7.00 (br s, 1H), 6.74 - 6.66 (m, 2H), 6.52 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 2H), 5.76 (ddt, J=16.9, 10.2, 6.5 Hz, 1H), 5.18 - 5.12 (m, 2H), 5.30 (dd, J=16.8, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 4.37 (d, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.19 (m, 2H), 3.95 (s, 3H), 2.90 (dd, J=13.1 , 7.5 Hz, 1H), 2.73 (dd, J=13.3, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 1.39 (s, 9H).

Intermediate BB-33.2

HC1 in dioxane (4 M solution, 25.8 mL, 103 mmol) was added to Intermediate BB-33.1 (110 mg, 0.25 mmol) and stirred at RT for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness, the residue was treated with saturated aqueous solution of NaHCC and extracted with DCM (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic component was washed with water (20 mL), brine (20 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated to afford the title compound (82 mg) as an off-white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.02 min; m/z = 348.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCO2NH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B : 10 mM HCO2NH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20%B to 100%B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Intermediate BB-34.1

K2CO3 (7.35 g, 53.2 mmol) was added to stirred solution of 5-bromo-2-methoxypyridine (5.00 g, 26.6 mmol) in DMSO (50 mL) followed by L-proline (0.306 g, 2.66 mmol), but-3-en-l- amine (3.68 mL, 39.9 mmol) and Cul (1.013 g, 5.32 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 80° for 12h, filtered through Celite and partitioned between water and EtOAC. The organic layer was washed with water (2x), and concentrated in vacuo, and the resultant residue was purified via Biotage (20% EtOAC/hexanes to afford N-(but-3-en-l-yl)-6-methoxypyridin-3- amine (2.7 g).

POCh (0.351 mL, 3.77 mmol) and pyridine (0.915 mL, 11.3 mmol) were added to stirred solution of (S)-2-((teri-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-phenylpropanoic acid (1.00 g, 3.77 mmol) in CH2CI2 (5.0 mL). Then N-(but-3 -en- 1 -yl)-6-methoxypyridin-3 -amine (0.672 g, 3.77 mmol) was added to reaction mixture and stirred for 2 h at 0°. The reaction mixture was poured into a bicarbonate solution, and then carefully extracted with EtOAC. The organic layer was washed with water (2x), concentrated in vacuo and the resultant residue was purified with Biotage (20% EtOAC/hexanes) to afford (S)-fert-butyl (l-(but-3-en-l- yl(6-methoxypyridin-3-yl)amino)-l-oxo-3-phenylpropan-2-yl)ca rbamate (0.60 g). 4 N HC1 in 1,4-Dioxane (3.5 mL, 14 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of (S)-tert- buty 1 ( 1 -(but-3-en- 1 -y l(6-methoxy pyridin-3 -y l)amino)- 1 -oxo-3 -pheny lpropan-2- yl)carbamate (0.60 g, 1.410 mmol) in 1,4-Dioxane (1.0 mL) at 0°C. The reaction mixture was stirred for at room temperature for 14 h, poured into a bicarbonate solution, then carefully extracted with EtOAC. The organic layer was washed with water and concentrated in vacuo to afford Intermediate 34.1, which was used as crude in a subsequent step.

Note: Unless noted otherwise, the following Examples were purified using preparative HPLC, reverse phase Ci8 columns, eluting with either MeOH/water or acetonitrile/water buffered with ammonium acetate.

Example 1

CDI (33.4 mg, 0.206 mmol) and DIPEA (0.078 mL, 0.45 mmol) were added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 4, HC1 (60 mg, 0.187 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction was cone, to dryness, treated with pyridin-2-amine (21.12 mg, 0.224 mmol) and toluene (3 mL) and heated at reflux for 18h and then stirred at rt for 3 days. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness and portioned between IN HC1 (aq) and EtOAc and the organic component was washed with brine, dried (MgS04), filtered and concentrated. The residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (13.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.09 min; m/z = 595.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NHtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 7.25 - 7.15 (m, 6H), 7.01 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 4H), 6.95 - 6.91 (m, 4H), 6.85 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 4H), 6.35 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 4.27 - 4.20 (m, 2H), 3.79 (s, 6H), 3.06 (s, 6H), 2.79 - 2.72 (m, 2H), 2.48 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H).

Example 2

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (180 mg, 0.505 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added dropwise at 0 °C to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.062 mL, 0.71 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. TEA (0.225 mL, 1.62 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 3 min. The reaction mixture was taken up in a syringe and -3/10 of the crude solution (~1.2 mL) was added to a stirred solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (21.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.90 min; m/z = 674.6[M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH4OAC. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B.

Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 7.23 - 7.14 (m, 6H), 7.10 - 6.76 (m, 12H), 6.47 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 4.42 (q, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 4.09 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 1H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.08 (s, 3H), 3.00 (s, 3H), 2.83 - 2.73 (m, 2H), 2.64 - 2.55 (m, 2H).

Example 3

A solution of POCh (0.018 mL, 0.20 mmol) in pyridine (0.5 mL) was added to a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) and malonic acid (9.7 mg, 0.094 mmol) in pyridine (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.065 mL, 0.374 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH and then purified via preparative LC/MS (Column: waters xbridge CI 8, 19 x 200 mm, 5-μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile: water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 0.1% TFA; Gradient: 45-85% B over 15 minutes, then a 5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 20 mL/min. Fractions containing the title compound were combined and dried via centrifugal evaporation) to yield the title compound (19.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.84 min; m/z = 637.1 [M+H] + .

(Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH4OAC. Flow Rate = 1.0 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220). Example 4

DIPEA (0.049 mL, 0.28 mmol) was added to a mixture of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) and 2,2-dimethylmalonyl dichloride (16 mg, 0.090 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, and the residue was dissolved in MeOH and then purified via preparative LC/MS (Column: waters xbridge CI 8, 19 x 200 mm, 5-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile: water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 0.1% TFA; Gradient: 50-90% B over 15 minutes, then a 5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 20 mL/min. Fractions containing the title compound were combined and dried via centrifugal evaporation) to yield the title compound (46 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.02 min; m/z = 665.2 [M+H] + (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NFLtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 1.0 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B.

Wavelength = 220).

Example 5

A solution of Intermediate 8 (88 mg, 0.28 mmol) in DCM (0.8 mL) was added to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (20 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DCM (0.8 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred 10 min at rt. Then TEA (0.063 mL, 0.45 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (~5 mL) and washed with 1M HC1 (2 mL) and brine (2 mL). The organic component was concentrated, dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (23 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.36 min; m/z = 730.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 6

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (140 μί, 1.6 mmol) in DCM (2.5 mL) at 0°C was added dropwise a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (350 mg, 1.1 mmol) in DCM (5.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred under nitrogen at 0°C for 1 h and then treated with a solution of triethylamine (680 μί, 4.9 mmol) in DCM (2.5 mL) and allowed to stir for 5 min. A portion of the reaction mixture (1.0 mL, 0.11 mol) was added to a solution of (S)-l-(5-(methylthio)-l,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-2-phenylethanami ne (51 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DCM (0.25 mL) and the reaction was shaken at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, dissolved into DMF (1 mL), transferred to an empty 6-mL SPE cartridge, rinsed with DMF (0.5 mL) and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (31.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.64 min; m/z = 625.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5- minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 7

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (140 μί, 1.6 mmol) in DCM (2.5 mL) at 0 °C was added dropwise a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (350 mg, 1.1 mmol) in DCM (5.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred under nitrogen at 0°C for 1 h and then treated with a solution of triethylamine (680 μί, 4.9 mmol) in DCM (2.5 mL) and allowed to stir for 5 min. A portion of the reaction mixture (1.0 mL, 0.11 mol) was added to a solution of (S)-l-(3-methyl-l,2,4-oxadiazol-5-yl)-2-phenylethanamine (44 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DCM (0.25 mL) and the reaction was shaken at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, dissolved into DMF (1 mL), transferred to an empty 6-mL SPE cartridge, and rinsed with DMF (0.5 mL) and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (14.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.65 min; m/z = 593.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% MeOH : 10 mM NH OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% MeOH : 10 mM NH OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 8

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (140 μΐ,, 1.6 mmol) in DCM (2.5 mL) at 0 °C was added dropwise a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (350 mg, 1.1 mmol) in DCM (5.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred under nitrogen at 0 °C for 1 h and then treated with a solution of triethylamine (680 μΐ ^ , 4.9 mmol) in DCM (2.5 mL) and allowed to stir for 5 min. A portion of the reaction mixture (1.0 mL, 0.11 mol) was added to a solution of (S)-2-amino-3-phenyl-l-(pyrrolidin-l-yl)propan-l-one (48 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DCM (0.25 mL) and the reaction was shaken at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, dissolved into DMF (1 mL), transferred to an empty 6-mL SPE cartridge, and rinsed with DMF (0.5 mL) and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (36.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.65 min; m/z = 608.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% MeOH : 10 mM NH OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% MeOH : 10 mM NH OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 rnL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 9

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (140 μί, 1.6 mmol) in DCM (2.5 mL) at 0 °C was added dropwise a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (350 mg, 1.1 mmol) in DCM (5.0 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred under nitrogen at 0°C for 1 h and then treated with a solution of triethylamine (680 μί, 4.9 mmol) in DCM (2.5 mL) and allowed to stir for 5 min. A portion of the reaction mixture (1.0 mL, 0.11 mol) was added to a solution of an HCl salt of (S)-2-amino-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-N,N-dimethylpropanamide (54 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DCM (0.25 mL) and the reaction was shaken at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, dissolved into DMF (1 mL), transferred to an empty 6-mL SPE cartridge, and rinsed with DMF (0.5 mL) and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (34.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.63 min; m/z = 600.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 10

A solution of Intermediate 4 (140 mg, 0.492 mmol) in DCM (0.8 mL) was added to a stirred solution of carbonisocyanatidic chloride (26 mg, 0.25 mmol) in DCM (0.8 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred 10 min at rt. Then TEA (0.11 mL, 0.79 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual material was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (15.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.09 min; m/z = 638.5 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.62 (s, 1H), 7.64 (br. s., 2H), 7.22 - 7.17 (m, 6H), 7.06 (br. s., 4H), 6.98 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 4H), 6.84 - 6.79 (m, 4H), 4.46 - 4.37 (m, 2H), 3.80 (s, 6H), 3.11 (s, 6H), 2.82 (dd, J=13.4, 5.3 Hz, 2H), 2.54 (dd, J=9.2, 4.4 Hz, 2H).

Example 11

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (100 mg, 0.281 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added dropwise at 0 °C to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.034 mL, 0.393 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. Then TEA (0.125 mL, 0.898 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and it was stirred at 0 °C for 3 min. Then ½ of this crude reaction solution (~1 mL) was taken-up in a syringe and added to a stirred suspension of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 5 (54.0 mg, 0.168 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual material was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (31 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.88 min; m/z = 674.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% MeOH : 10 mM NH OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 12

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (100 mg, 0.281 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added dropwise at 0 °C to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.034 mL, 0.39 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. Then TEA (0.125 mL, 0.898 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and it was stirred at 0 °C for 3 min. Then ½ of this crude reaction solution (~1 mL) was taken-up in a syringe and added to a stirred suspension of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 6 (68.9 mg, 0.224 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (2 drops) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual material was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (29.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.76 min; m/z = 660.6 [M+H] + (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% MeOH : 10 mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Exam le 13

At 0 °C, a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (6.2 μΐ, 0.072 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added to a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 18 (64.3 mg, 0.12 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and TEA (0.066 mL, 0.48 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, the residue was dissolved in MeOH and then purified via preparative HPLC (Column: waters xbridge CI 8, 19 x 200 mm, 5-μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM NH 4 OAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM NH 4 OAc; Gradient: 25-70% B over 35 minutes, then a 5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 20 mL/min. Fractions containing the title compound were combined and dried via centrifugal evaporation) to yield the title compound (4.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.64 min; m/z = 728.5 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM

NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 1.0 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220).

Example 14

A solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (180 mg, 0.505 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added dropwise at 0 °C to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.062 mL, 0.71 mmol) in DCM (1.8 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. Then TEA (0.225 mL, 1.62 mmol) was added and reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 3 min. Then 1/5 of the total volume of the crude reaction mixture (-0.8 mL) was added to a stirred suspension of an HCl salt of Intermediate 9 (57 mg, 0.170 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual material was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (3.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.86 min; m/z = 688.5 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 15

A solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (180 mg, 0.505 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added dropwise at 0 °C to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.062 mL, 0.71 mmol) in DCM (1.8 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. Then TEA (0.225 mL, 1.62 mmol) was added and reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 3 min. Then 1/5 of the total volume of the crude reaction mixture (-0.8 mL) was added to a stirred suspension of an HCl salt of Intermediate 10 (41 mg, 0.118 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residual material was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (10.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.09 min; m/z = 702.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 16

A solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (180 mg, 0.505 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added dropwise at 0 °C to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.062 mL, 0.71 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. TEA (0.225 mL, 1.62 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 3 min. The reaction mixture was taken up in a syringe and -1/5 of the crude solution (-0.8 mL) was added to a stirred solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 11 (44 mg, 0.13 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ovemight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (12.0 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.95 min; m/z = 688.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B.

Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 17

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (180 mg, 0.505 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added dropwise at 0 °C to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.062 mL, 0.71 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 1 h. TEA (0.225 mL, 1.62 mmol) was then added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 3 min. The reaction mixture was taken up in a syringe and -1/10 of the crude solution (-0.4 mL) was added to a stirred solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 12 (28 mg, 0.074 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (8.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.84 min; m/z = 734.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 18

A solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (6.2 μΐ,, 0.071 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added dropwise to a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 20 (50 mg, 0.12 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and TEA (0.066 mL, 0.48 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, the residue was dissolved in MeOH and then purified via preparative HPLC (Column: waters xbridge CI 8, 19 x 200 mm, 5-μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM NFUOAc; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM NFUOAc; Gradient: 25-65% B over 15 minutes, then a 5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 20 mL/min. Fractions containing the title compound were combined and dried via centrifugal evaporation) to yield the title compound (12.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.85 min; m/z = 800.5 [M+H] + .

(Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 1.0 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 9.57 - 9.33 (m, 2H), 8.31 - 8.10 (m, 2H), 8.06 - 7.82 (m, 2H), 7.57 - 7.25 (m, 2H), 7.08 -6.87 (m, 2H), 6.58 - 6.23 (m, 4H), 4.54 - 4.06 (m, 2H), 3.27 - 3.02 (m, 6H), 2.85 - 2.73 (m, 2H), 2.69 -2.58 (m, 2H).

Example 19

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 9 (105 mg, 0.314 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (26.6 mg, 0.188 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and then the reaction mixture was treated with TEA (0.175 mL, 1.25 mmol) and stirred at rt for 1 h. Additional sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (26.6 mg, 0.188 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (19 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.88 min; m/z = 702.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 20

A solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (105 mg, 0.294 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (25 mg, 0.18 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and then the reaction mixture was treated with TEA (0.16 mL, 1.2 mmol) and stirred at rt for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (23.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.99 min; m/z = 746.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 7.29 - 6.90 (m, 11H), 6.55 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 6.43 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H), 3.81 (s, 3H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.11 (s, 3H), 3.01 (s, 3H), 2.84 - 2.78 (m, 1H), 2.77 - 2.71 (m, 2H), 2.67 - 2.57 (m, 2H). Example 21

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (42 mg, 0.13 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added to a stirred solution of succinyl dichloride (9.2 mg, 0.059 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) at rt. Then TEA (0.05 mL, 0.36 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (25.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.84 min; m/z = 651.5 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 22

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (42 mg, 0.13 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added to a stirred solution of glutaroyl dichloride (10 mg, 0.059 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) at rt. Then TEA (0.05 mL, 0.36 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 1 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (22.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.98 min; m/z = 665.7 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C 18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM

NH4OAC. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 23

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (42 mg, 0.13 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added to a stirred solution of adipoyl dichloride (11 mg, 0.059 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) at rt. Then TEA (0.05 mL, 0.36 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (33.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.87 min; m/z = 679.7 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C 18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 24

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (42 mg, 0.13 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added to a stirred solution of isophthaloyl dichloride (12 mg, 0.059 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) at rt. Then TEA (0.05 mL, 0.36 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (36.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.06 min; m/z = 699.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH4OAC. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.80 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 8.27 (s, 1H), 7.92 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 4H), 7.20 - 7.11 (m, 6H), 7.04 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 4H), 6.90 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 4H), 4.70 - 4.63 (m, 2H), 3.82 (s, 6H), 3.16 (s, 6H), 2.98 - 2.87 (m, 4H).

Example 25

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (42 mg, 0.13 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added to a stirred solution of terephthaloyl di chloride (12 mg, 0.059 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) at rt. Then TEA (0.05 mL, 0.36 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 d. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (22.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.01 min; m/z = 699.7 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH4OAC. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 26

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (42 mg, 0.13 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added to a stirred solution of phthaloyl dichloride (12 mg, 0.059 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) at rt. Then TEA (0.05 mL, 0.36 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (16.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.00 min; m/z = 699.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 27

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (30.8 mg, 0.096 mmol), Intermediate 51 (25 mg, 0.087 mmol) and DIPEA (0.061 mL, 0.35 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (33.2 mg, 0.087 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt ovemight and then purified by preparative HPLC (Column: XBridge CI 8, 19 x 200 mm, 5-μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile: water with 10-mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10-mM ammonium acetate; Gradient: 20-100% B over 20 minutes, then a 5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 20 mL/min. Fractions containing the title compound were combined and dried via centrifugal evaporation) to afford the title compound (17.7 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.34 min; m/z = 819.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 28

A solution of propane- 1,3-disulfonyl dichloride (18 mg, 0.075 mmol) was dissolved into DCM (0.5 mL) and then treated with a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (52.7 mg, 0.164 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) followed by TEA (0.06 mL, 0.45 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 d. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (2.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.98 min; m/z = 737.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM

NH4OAC. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 29

HATU (64 mg, 0.17 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 2,2'-((2- hydroxyethyl)azanediyl)diacetic acid (13.6 mg, 0.077 mol) and an HCl salt of

Intermediate 4 (54 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.054 mL, 0.31 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (11.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.86 min; m/z = 710.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH4OAC. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 30

HATU (64 mg, 0.17 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 2,2-dimethylsuccinic acid (11 mg, 0.077 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (54 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.054 mL, 0.31 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ovemight. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (35 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.05 min; m/z = 679.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NHtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 31

HATU (64 mg, 0.17 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of fumaric acid (8.9 mg, 0.077 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (54 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.053 mL, 0.31 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ovemight. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (35 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.88 min; m/z = 649.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 32

HATU (64 mg, 0.17 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of (S)-2-hydroxy succinic acid (10.3 mg, 0.077 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (54 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.053 mL, 0.31 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ovemight. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (35 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.85 min; m/z = 667.5 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NHtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 33

A solution of methanedisulfonyl di chloride (16 mg, 0.075 mmol) was dissolved into DCM (0.5 mL) and then treated with a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (52.7 mg, 0.164 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) followed by TEA (0.06 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 d. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (12 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.04 min; m/z = 709.5 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM

NH4OAC. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 34

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (49.7 mg, 0.139 mmol), Intermediate 51 (19 mg, 0.066 mmol) and DIPEA (93 μΐ, 0.53 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added HATU (55.5 mg, 0.146 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt ovemight and then purified by preparative HPLC (Column: Waters Sunfire C18 OBD, 30 x 100 mm, 5-μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 90: 10 methanol: water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 10:90 methanol: water with 0.1% TFA; Gradient: 30-100% B over 15 minutes, then a 5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 30 mL/min. Fractions containing the title compound were combined and dried via centrifugal evaporation) to afford the title compound (29 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.39 min; m/z = 891.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (400

MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 7.13 (br. s., 3H), 7.03 - 6.96 (m, 7H), 6.81 - 6.72 (m, 2H), 6.69 (dd, J=5.8, 3.3 Hz, 2H), 6.43 (d, J=6.3 Hz, 4H), 4.82 - 4.66 (m, 2H), 4.40 (s, 4H), 3.84 (s, 6H), 3.22 (s, 6H), 2.96 (dd, J=13.6, 5.8 Hz, 2H), 2.77 (dd, J=13.6, 8.5 Hz, 2H). Exam le 35

At 0 °C, a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 18 (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) and TEA (0.036 mL, 0.26 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added to a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.012 mL, 0.14 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 30 min. Then a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (50 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and TEA (0.054 mL, 0.39 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and it was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, the residue was dissolved in MeOH, and then purified via preparative HPLC (Column: XBridge CI 8, 19 x 200 mm, 5- μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile: water with 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 0.1% TFA; Gradient: 40-80% B over 20 minutes, then a 5- minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 20 mL/min. Fractions containing the title compound were combined and dried via centrifugal evaporation. The material was further purified via preparative HPLC with the following conditions: Column: XBridge C18, 19 x 200 mm, 5-μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile: water with 10-mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10-mM ammonium acetate; Gradient: 20- 60% B over 20 minutes, then a 5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 20 mL/min. Fractions containing the desired product were combined and dried via centrifugal evaporation.) to yield the title compound (4.0 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.81 min; m/z = 701.0

[M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 1.0 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220).

Example 36

A solution of 4 M HCl (1.0 mL, 4.0 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 15 (448 mg, 1.07 mmol) in MeOH (1.7 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness, and dissolved into DCM (~5 mL) and TEA (0.60 mL, 4.3 mmol). The reaction solution was cooled to 0 °C and then treated dropwise with a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (76 mg, 0.54 mmol) in DCM (1 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 30 min and then allowed to warm to rt and stirred for 3 h. The reaction was concentrated and purified using a Biotage Horizon (24g SiC , 30-100% EtOAc/hexanes) to yield the title compound (185 mg) as a yellow solid. About 20% of this material was further purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (16.9 mg, 97% purity). LC-MS retention time = 2.11 min; m/z = 730.0 [M-H] " . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NHiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 37

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (51.2 mg, 0.159 mmol), Intermediate 52 (19 mg, 0.076 mmol) and DIPEA (0.11 m, 0.61 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (63.5 mg, 0.167 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (45 mg) as a white solid. LC- MS retention time = 1.32 min; m/z = 783.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 38

HATU (63.3 mg, 0.167 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 2,2'-(l,2- phenylene)diacetic acid (15.4 mg, 0.079 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (57.0 mg, 0.174 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2d. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (14 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.37 min; m/z = 727.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM MLtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B.

Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 39

HATU (63.3 mg, 0.167 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of pyridine-2,6- dicarboxylic acid (13.3 mg, 0.079 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (57.0 mg, 0.174 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2d. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (40.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.29 min; m/z = 700.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 40

HATU (63.2 mg, 0.166 mmol) was added to a stirred mixture of 3,3'-(piperazine-l,4- diyl)dipropanoic acid (18.2 mg, 0.079 mmol) and Intermediate 4 (56.9 mg, 0.174 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2d. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (4.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.76 min; m/z = 763.4 [M+H] + (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 41

HATU (63.3 mg, 0.167 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 3,3'-thiodipropanoic acid (14.1 mg, 0.079 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (57.0 mg, 0.174 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 d. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (35 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.01 min; m/z = 711.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.26 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.21 - 7.13 (m, 6H), 7.06 (br. s., 4H), 6.95 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 4H), 6.87 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 4H), 4.48 - 4.40 (m, 2H), 3.78 (s, 6H), 3.08 (s, 6H), 2.84 (dd, J=13.2, 5.1 Hz, 2H), 2.63 (dd, J=13.2, 9.2 Hz, 2H), 2.56 - 2.45 (m, 4H), 2.28 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 4H).

Example 42

HATU (44.3 mg, 0.116 mmol) was added to a stirred mixture of an HC1 salt of

Intermediate 4 (45 mg, 0.12 mmol) and 2,2'-(l,3-phenylene)diacetic acid (11 mg, 0.055 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.058 mL, 0.333 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (10.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.05 min; m/z = 727.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 43

HATU (44.3 mg, 0.116 mmol) was added to a stirred mixture of an HC1 salt of

Intermediate 13 (43.5 mg, 0.122 mmol) and 2,2'-(l,3-phenylene)diacetic acid (11 mg, 0.055 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.058 mL, 0.33 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (10.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.16 min; m/z = 799.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Exam le 44

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (25 mg, 0.068 mmol) in DCM (0.2 mL) was added dropwise to a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (13.4 mg, 0.095 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) at 0 °C and the reaction was stirred for 0.5 h at 0 °C. Then a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 13 (24.2 mg, 0.068 mmol) in DCM (0.3 mL) and TEA (0.7 mL, 0.4 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and it was allowed to stirred at rt for 30 min. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (37.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.02 min; m/z = 710.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM LtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Exam le 45

A solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (24 mg, 0.068 mmol) in DCM (0.2 mL) and TEA (one drop) was added dropwise to a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (13.4 mg, 0.095 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) at 0 °C and the reaction was stirred for 0.5 h at 0 °C. Then a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (25 mg, 0.068 mmol) in DCM (0.3 mL) and TEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol). The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (9.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.99 min; m/z = 710.1 [M+H] + .

(Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 7.28 - 7.12 (m, 6H), 7.09 - 6.88 (m, 8H), 6.81 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 2H), 6.55 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 3H), 4.49 - 4.43 (m, 1H), 4.11 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.11 (s, 3H), 2.98 (s, 3H), 2.83 (dd, J=13.6, 5.1 Hz, 1H), 2.79 - 2.73 (m, 1H), 2.67 - 2.56 (m, 2H).

Example 46

HATU (63.2 mg, 0.166 mmol) was added to a stirred mixture of 1,1'- ferrocenedicarboxylic acid (21.7 mg, 0.079 mmol) and Intermediate 4 (56.9 mg, 0.174 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2d. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (34.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.48 min; m/z = 807.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 47

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (40 mg, 0.13 mmol), 2,2'-(l,4- phenylene)diacetic acid (11.5 mg, 0.059 mmol) and DIPEA (0.083 mL, 0.475 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (49.7 mg, 0.131 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (21 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.27 min; m/z = 727.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 48

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (37.3 mg, 0.116 mmol), Intermediate 53 (14 mg, 0.055 mmol) and DIPEA (0.077 mL, 0.44 mmol) in DMF (0.8 mL) was added HATU (46.3 mg, 0.122 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt ovemight and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (6.1 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.20 min; m/z = 735.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Exam le 49

HATU (48 mg, 0.13 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (47 mg, 0.13 mmol) and isophthalic acid (10 mg, 0.060 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.06 mL, 0.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (33.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.29 min; m/z = 771.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B.

Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.87 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 7.94 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.56 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.39 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 4H), 7.08 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 4H), 7.00 (t, J=9.2 Hz, 2H), 6.53 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 4H), 4.72 - 4.63 (m, 2H), 3.82 (s, 6H), 3.18 (s, 6H), 3.03 - 2.92 (m, 4H).

Exam le 50

HATU (48 mg, 0.13 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 18 (46 mg, 0.13 mmol) and isophthalic acid (10 mg, 0.060 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.06 mL, 0.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (15.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.97 min; m/z = 753.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 9.50 (s, 2H), 8.90 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 8.34 - 8.24 (m, 3H), 8.07 (br. s., 2H), 7.94 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.57 - 7.41 (m, 3H), 7.11 (br. s., 6H), 6.85 (br. s., 4H), 4.68 (d, J=4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.28 (s, 6H), 3.10 - 2.92 (m, 4H).

Exam le 51

HATU (48 mg, 0.13 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 20 (51 mg, 0.13 mmol) and isophthalic acid (10 mg, 0.060 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.06 mL, 0.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (29.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.08 min; m/z = 825.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 9.50 (s, 2H), 8.90 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 8.34 - 8.24 (m, 3H), 8.07 (br. s., 2H), 7.94 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.57 - 7.41 (m, 3H), 7.11 (br. s., 6H), 6.85 (br. s., 4H), 4.68 (d, J=4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.28 (s, 6H), 3.10 - 2.92 (m, 4H).

Example 52

HATU (61 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of cis cyclopentane-1,3- dicarboxylic acid (12 mg, 0.076 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (54 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (35.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.07 min; m/z = 691.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM LiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). Exam le 53

HATU (61 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of racemic trans cyclohexane- 1,2-dicarboxylic acid (13 mg, 0.076 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (54 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was partially concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (17.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.21 min; m/z = 705.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NHiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.15 (dd, J=17.4, 7.9 Hz, 2H), 7.15 (br. s., 10H), 6.96 (t, J=8.6 Hz, 4H), 6.85 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 4H), 4.42 (d, J=3.7 Hz, 2H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.18 (s, 3H), 2.83 (d, J=11.0 Hz, 2H), 2.69 - 2.62 (m, 2H), 2.61 - 2.53 (m, 2H), 1.81 - 1.73 (m, 1H), 1.67 - 1.47 (m, 4H), 1.45 - 1.36 (m, 1H).

Example 55

TEA (0.11 mL, 0.75 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of benzene-l,3,5-tricarbonyl trichloride (20 mg, 0.075 mmol) and Intermediate 4 (71 mg, 0.25 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (6.2 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.74 min; m/z = 743.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM NHiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95%

Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 9.01 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 8.51 (s, 2H), 8.41 (s, 1H), 7.26 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 4H), 7.20 - 7.11 (m, 6H), 7.03 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 4H), 6.91 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 4H), 4.74 - 4.68 (m, 2H), 3.91 (s, 3H), 3.16 (s, 6H), 2.97 - 2.92 (m, 4H).

Example 56

TEA (0.11 mL, 0.75 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of ethane- 1,2-diyl dicarbonochloridate (21 mg, 0.11 mmol) and Intermediate 4 (71 mg, 0.25 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (29.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.13 min; m/z = 683.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM NHiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95%

Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.95 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 3H), 8.40 (s, 3H), 7.32 - 7.12 (m, 15H), 7.04 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 6H), 6.93 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 6H), 4.77 - 4.68 (m, 3H), 3.91 (s, 1H), 3.18 (s, 9H), 3.02 - 2.92 (m, 6H). Example 57

HATU (61 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of lH-pyrazole-3,5- dicarboxylic acid (12 mg, 0.077 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (54 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (8.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.03 min; m/z = 689.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM NHiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95%

Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.90 (br. s., 1H), 7.96 (br. s., 1H), 7.37 - 7.10 (m, 11H), 7.02 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 4H), 6.97 - 6.84 (m, 4H), 4.66 (br. s., 2H), 3.82 (s, 6H), 3.15 (s, 6H), 2.98 - 2.82 (m, 4H).

Example 58

HATU (61 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of thiophene-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (13 mg, 0.077 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (54 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (34.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.14 min; m/z = 705.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μηι particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.90 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.83 (s, 2H), 7.26 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 4H), 7.21 - 7.11 (m, 6H), 7.03 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 4H), 6.88 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 4H), 4.63 - 4.55 (m, 2H), 3.81 (s, 6H), 3.14 (s, 6H), 2.97 - 2.85 (m, 4H).

Example 59

HATU (61 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of lH-imidazole-4,5- dicarboxylic acid (12 mg, 0.077 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (54 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.08 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (8.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.26 min; m/z = 689.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM LiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 61

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (57.8 mg, 0.180 mmol), Intermediate 54 (20 mg, 0.086 mmol) and DIPEA (0.12 mL, 0.69 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (71.7 mg, 0.189 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (59 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 766.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.68 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 8.37 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.41 - 6.70 (m, 23H), 4.70 (q, J=16.1 Hz, 2H), 4.45 (dd, J=8.1, 5.1 Hz, 2H), 3.74 (d, J=5.9 Hz, 6H), 3.46- 3.42 (m, 2H), 3.10 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 6H), 2.95 - 2.81 (m, 2H), 2.69 (dt, J=13.3, 8.9 Hz, 2H).

Example 62

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (28.4 mg, 0.088 mmol), Intermediate 55 (15 mg, 0.042 mmol) and DIPEA (0.059 mL, 0.34 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (35 mg, 0.093 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (26 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.41 min; m/z = 889.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 63

A 1.1M solution of 2-(chlorosulfonyl)acetyl chloride (80 μί, 0.088 mmol) in DCM was added to a stirred solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (62 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (61 μί, 0.44 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at rt. After 2 h of additional stirring, 1.1 M solution of 2-(chlorosulfonyl)acetyl chloride (100 μί, 1.1 mmol) in DCM was added. After 30 min, additional 1.1 M solution of 2-(chlorosulfonyl)acetyl chloride (200 μί, 2.2 mmol) in DCM was added and the reaction was stirred at rt for 30 min. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (1 mL) and DCM (1 mL), stirred and separated. The organic component was concentrated, dissolved in MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (12.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.22 min; m/z = 673.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile: lO mM NHiOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.73 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.66 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.21 (d, J=3.3 Hz, 6H), 7.09 - 6.83 (m, 12H), 4.49 - 4.39 (m, 1H), 4.17 - 4.10 (m, 1H), 3.77 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 6H), 3.70 - 3.62 (m, 2H), 3.12 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 6H), 2.89 - 2.84 (m, 2H), 2.72 - 2.61 (m, 2H).

Exam le 64

A 1.1 M solution of 2-(chlorosulfonyl)acetyl chloride (80 μΐ,, 0.088 mmol) in DCM was added to a stirred solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (69 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (61 μΐ., 0.44 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at rt. After 2 h, additional 1.1 M solution of 2-(chlorosulfonyl)acetyl chloride (100 μΐ., 1.1 mmol) in DCM was added. After 30 min, additional 1.1 M solution of 2-(chlorosulfonyl)acetyl chloride (200 μΐ., 2.2 mmol) in DCM was added and the reaction was stirred at rt for 30 min. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (1 mL) and DCM (1 mL) stirred and separated. The organic component was concentrated, dissolved in MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (15.2 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.30 min; m/z = 745.6 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH4OAC. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile: lO mM NHiOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.72 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.73 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 4H), 7.05 (br. s., 2H), 6.98 (dd, J=8.8, 4.0 Hz, 4H), 6.56 - 6.45 (m, 4H), 4.47 - 4.41 (m, 1H), 4.17 - 4.10 (m, 1H), 3.80 - 3.72 (m, 8H), 3.13 (s, 3H), 3.11 (s, 3H), 2.89 - 2.79 (m, 2H), 2.72 - 2.64 (m, 2H).

Exam le 65

A 1.1 M solution of 2-(chlorosulfonyl)acetyl chloride (80 μί, 0.088 mmol) in DCM was added to a stirred solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 18 (67 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (61 μί, 0.44 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at rt. After 2 h, additional 1.1 M solution of 2-(chlorosulfonyl)acetyl chloride (100 μΐ., 1.1 mmol) in DCM was added. After 30 min, additional 1.1 M solution of 2-(chlorosulfonyl)acetyl chloride (200 μΐ., 2.2 mmol) in DCM was added and the reaction was stirred at rt for 30 min. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (1 mL) and DCM (1 mL), stirred and separated. The organic component was concentrated, dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (5.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.91 min; m/z = 727.5 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: lO mM NHiOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 9.47 (d, J=12.8 Hz, 2H), 8.75 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 8.20 - 8.11 (m, 2H), 7.79 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.36 - 7.08 (m, 9H), 6.82 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 4H), 4.47 - 4.40 (m, 1H), 4.14 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.78 - 3.70 (m, 2H), 3.19 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 6H), 2.94 - 2.88 (m, 2H), 2.78 - 2.71 (m, 1H), 2.63 (dd, J=13.8, 7.5 Hz, 1H). Example 68

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (38.3 mg, 0.119 mmol), Intermediate 56 (10 mg, 0.057 mmol) and DIPEA (0.079 mL, 0.45 mmol) in DMF (0.8 mL) was added HATU (47.5 mg, 0.125 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (34 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.17 min; m/z = 709.2 [M+H] + (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 69

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (44.9 mg, 0.126 mmol), Intermediate 52 (15 mg, 0.060 mmol) and DIPEA (0.084 mL, 0.48 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (50.1 mg, 0.132 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (33 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.35 min; m/z = 855.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 70

A solution of 4M HC1 (0.128 mL, 0.513 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 25 (61 mg, 0.128 mmol) in methanol (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness, dissolved into DCM (0.5 mL) and TEA (0.05 mL, 0.4 mmol) and then treated with a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (13 mg, 0.090 mmol) in DCM (0.2 mL) and stirred at rt overnight. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (8.4 mg).

LC-MS retention time = 1.68 min; m/z = 848.7 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C 18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.49 (br. s., 1H), 8.41 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.95 (br. s., 1H), 7.81 (br. s., 1H), 7.63 (d, J=12.5 Hz, 2H), 7.53 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 7.37 - 7.27 (m, 4H), 7.18 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 2H), 7.00 - 6.94 (m, 2H), 6.87 - 6.76 (m, 2H), 6.31 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 2H), 6.19 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 5.03 - 4.95 (m, 1H), 4.64 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 2.79 - 2.72 (m, 4H).

Example 71

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (35.5 mg, 0.111 mmol), Intermediate 57 (15 mg, 0.053 mmol) and DIPEA (0.074 mL, 0.42 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (44.1 mg, 0.116 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (33 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.38 min; m/z = 817.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 72

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (39.5 mg, 0.111 mmol), Intermediate 57 (15 mg, 0.053 mmol) and DIPEA (0.074 mL, 0.42 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (44.1 mg, 0.116 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (9.4 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.41 min; m/z = 889.2 [M+H] + (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 73

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (35.5 mg, 0.111 mmol), Intermediate 58 (15 mg, 0.053 mmol) and DIPEA (0.074 mL, 0.42 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (44.1 mg, 0.116 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (33 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 817.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 74

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (39.5 mg, 0.111 mmol), Intermediate 58 (15 mg, 0.053 mmol) and DIPEA (0.074 mL, 0.42 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (44.1 mg, 0.116 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (37 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.39 min; m/z = 889.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 75

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (35.5 mg, 0.111 mmol), Intermediate 59 (15 mg, 0.053 mmol) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (44.1 mg, 0.116 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (30 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.32 min; m/z = 801.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 76

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (36.3 mg, 0.102 mmol), Intermediate 59 (13 mg, 0.048 mmol) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (40.5 mg, 0.107 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (31 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 873.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 77

HATU (68 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 3,3-dimethylpentanedioic acid (14 mg, 0.085 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.5 mmol) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (9.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.25 min; m/z = 693.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.35 - 7.15 (m, 10H), 7.03 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 4H), 6.92 (d, J=3.4 Hz, 4H), 4.70 (dd, J=9.8, 4.9 Hz, 2H), 3.87 (s, 6H), 3.28 (s, 6H), 3.01 (dd, J=13.6, 4.7 Hz, 2H), 2.78 (dd, J=13.7, 10.1 Hz, 2H), 2.23 (d, J=13.1 Hz, 2H), 1.91 (d, J=13.1 Hz, 2H), 0.98 (s, 6H).

Example 78

HATU (68 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 2,2'-(cyclopentane-l,l- diyl)diacetic acid (16 mg, 0.085 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.089 mL, 0.51 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (6.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.49 min; m/z = 719.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM LiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: lO mM NHtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 79

HATU (68 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of [l,l'-biphenyl]-2,2'- dicarboxylic acid (21 mg, 0.085 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.089 mL, 0.51 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into DMF, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (54 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.37 min; m/z = 775.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM NHiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95%

Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 80

HATU (68 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of maleic acid (10 mg, 0.085 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.5 mmol) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (17.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.05 min; m/z = 649.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM LiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at

100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d δ ppm 7.38 - 7.18 (m, 8H), 7.02 - 6.96 (m, 5H), 6.89 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 5H), 6.17 (s, 2H), 4.69 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 3.78 (s, 7H), 3.17 (s, 7H), 3.03 (dd, J=13.1, 7.6 Hz, 2H), 2.81 (dd, J=13.3, 7.2 Hz, 2H).

Exam le 81

HATU (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 2,4,5,6- tetrafluoroisophthalic acid (15 mg, 0.063 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 20 (53 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (7.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.15 min; m/z = 897.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: lO mM NHiOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Exam le 82

HATU (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 2-chloroisophthalic acid (13 mg, 0.063 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 20 (53 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (24.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.04 min; m/z = 859.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5%

Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: lO mM

LtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 9.38 (s, 2H), 8.22 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 7.94 (br. s., 1H), 7.47 - 7.36 (m, 5H), 6.78 (t, J=9.0 Hz, 2H), 6.50 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 4H), 4.61 (s, 3H), 3.33 (s, 6H), 3.12 (dd, J=13.6, 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.91 (dd, J=13.6, 8.4 Hz, 2H). Example 83

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (36.1 mg, 0.112 mmol), Intermediate 60 (15 mg, 0.054 mmol) and DIPEA (0.075 mL, 0.43 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (44.8 mg, 0.118 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (33 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.30 min; m/z = 813.2 [M+H] + (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 84

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 13 (40.1 mg, 0.112 mmol), Intermediate 60

(15 mg, 0.054 mmol) and DIPEA (0.075 mL, 0.428 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (44.8 mg, 0.118 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (34 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.34 min; m/z = 885.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 85

A solution of 4M HCl (1 mL, 4 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 26 (77 mg, 0.15 mmol) in THF (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness, dissolved in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (0.10 mL, 0.71 mmol) and treated with a solution of

sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (12 mg, 0.083 mmol) in DCM (-0.5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred rt overnight. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (14.2 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.98 min; m/z = 614.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile: 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 7.45 - 7.29 (m, 7H), 7.19 (br. s., 6H), 7.03 (br. s., 2H), 6.90 (d, J=3.7 Hz, 5H), 4.62 - 4.55 (m, 2H), 4.23 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 3.21 (s, 3H), 3.17 (s, 3H), 2.90 (td, J=13.6, 7.3 Hz, 2H), 2.75 - 2.66 (m, 2H).

Example 86

A solution of 4M HCl (1 mL, 4 mmol) in 1,4-dioxane was added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 27 (66 mg, 0.12 mmol) in THF (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness, dissolved in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (0.10 mL, 0.71 mmol) and treated with a solution of

sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (12 mg, 0.083 mmol) in DCM (-0.5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred rt overnight. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved in MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (3.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.04 min; m/z = 686.2 [M+H] + .

(Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitril : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 87

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (103 mg, 0.320 mmol), Intermediate 61 (45 mg, 0.15 mmol) and DIPEA (0.21 mL, 1.2 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added HATU (128 mg, 0.335 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (60 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.30 min; m/z = 828.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitril e/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 88

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-1 (82 mg, 0.17 mmol) in dioxane (10 mL) and water (3 mL) mixture was added Intermediate BB-2 (100 mg, 0.191 mmol), K3PO4 (101 mg, 0.477 mmol) and the reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen for 10 min. PdCl2(dppf).CH2Cl2 adduct (12.46 mg, 0.015 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and heated to reflux for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT, diluted with saturated aqueous NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative LC/MS to afford the title product (11 mg) as red liquid. LC-MS retention time = 2.31 min; m/z =795.3 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μπι; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 8.53 (s, 4H), 7.55 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.49 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 4H), 7.09 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 4H), 6.98 (dt, 3=9.2, 2.4 Hz, 2H), 6.50 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 4H), 4.55 (m, 2H), 3.81 (s, 6H), 3.15 (s, 6H), 2.91 - 2.86 (m, 4H).

Example 90

To a solution of Example 87 (52 mg, 0.063 mmol) in MeOH (5 mL) was added 10% Pd/C (6.7 mg, 6.3 μιτιοΐ). The reaction mixture was stirred under a H2 balloon for 2 h. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite, concentrated in vacuo and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (24 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.08 min; m/z = 798.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 92

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (24.2 mg, 0.075 mmol), Intermediate 62 (10 mg, 0.036 mmol) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (30 mg, 0.079 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (23 mg). LC- MS retention time = 1.37 min; m/z = 811.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 93

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (27 mg, 0.075 mmol), Intermediate 62 (10 mg, 0.036 mmol) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (30 mg, 0.079 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (23 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.40 min; m/z = 883.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 94

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (27 mg, 0.075 mmol), Intermediate 62 (10 mg, 0.036 mmol) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (30 mg, 0.079 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (23 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.99 min; m/z = 811.20 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C 18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.83 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 2H), 7.21 (br. s., 6H), 7.15 - 7.00 (m, 6H), 6.94 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 4H), 6.86 (br. s., 4H), 6.74 (br. s., 2H), 4.83 (d, J=16.9 Hz, 2H), 4.67 (d, J=17.2 Hz, 2H), 4.47 (d, J=4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.75 (s, 6H), 3.1 1 (s, 6H), 2.90 (dt, J=8.8, 4.4 Hz, 2H), 2.68 (dd, J=13.2, 9.9 Hz,

2H).

Example 95

The title compound (4.5 mg) was isolated as a side-product during the synthesis of Example 94 and its structure was tentatively assigned as mono-O-alkylation product aided by proton NMR data. LC-MS retention time = 2.09 min; m/z = 811.20 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.89 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 8.52 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.43 - 6.68 (m, 22H), 4.98 (d, J=16.5 Hz, 1H), 4.87 - 4.65 (m, 3H), 4.49 (dd, J=14.1 , 5.3 Hz, 2H), 3.75 (s, 6H), 3.1 1 (s, 3H), 3.10 (s, 3H), 2.97 - 2.81 (m, 2H), 2.77 - 2.63 (m, 2H). Example 96

The title compound (4.6 mg) was isolated as a side-product during the synthesis of Example 93 and its structure was tentatively assigned as mono-O-alkylation product aided by proton NMR data. LC-MS retention time = 2.19 min; m/z = 883.20 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-um particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.89 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 8.60 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.44 - 6.76 (m, 14H), 6.57 - 6.38 (m, 4H), 4.94 (br. s., 1H), 4.86 - 4.68 (m, 3H), 4.50 (dt, J=8.3, 4.3 Hz, 2H), 3.75 (s, 6H), 3.14, 3.12 (s, 6H), 2.98 - 2.84 (m, 2H), 2.80 - 2.66 (m, 2H).

Example 97

To a solution of Example 90 (15 mg, 0.019 mmol) and Hunig's base (10 μΐ, 0.056 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added 1 M acetyl chloride in DCM (0.023 mL, 0.023 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 1 h and then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into DMF and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (12 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.17 min; m/z = 840.3 [M+H] + .

(Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 98

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (40.4 mg, 0.1 13 mmol), Intermediate 63 (15 mg, 0.054 mmol) and DIPEA (0.075 mL, 0.43 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (45.1 mg, 0.1 19 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (28 mg). LC- MS retention time = 2.09 min; m/z = 883.15 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5 :95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95 :5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5- minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 7.30 - 7.05 (m, 6H), 7.01 - 6.85 (m, 6H), 6.76 (t, J=9.0 Hz, 2H), 6.41 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 4H), 4.88 (br. s., 2H), 4.73 (dd, J=9.2, 5.5 Hz, 2H), 3.83 - 3.72 (m, 6H), 3.26 - 3.15 (m, 6H), 2.98 (dd, J=13.4, 5.0 Hz, 2H), 2.83 - 2.69 (m, 2H).

Example 99

HATU (68 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (14 mg, 0.085 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (18.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.03 min; m/z = 700.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water: 5%

Acetonitrile: lO mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water: 95% Acetonitrile: lO mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 8.98 (d, J=1.8 Hz, 2H), 8.50 (s, 1H), 7.28 - 7.20 (m, 6H), 7.15 - 6.92 (m, 12H), 4.95 - 4.88 (m, 2H), 3.86 (s, 6H), 3.25 (s, 6H), 3.12 (dd, J=13.6, 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.94 (dd, J=13.6, 8.4 Hz, 2H).

Example 100

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (24 mg, 0.075 mmol), Intermediate 64 (10 mg, 0.036 mmol) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (30 mg, 0.079 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (22 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.29 min; m/z = 811.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C 18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 101

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (27 mg, 0.075 mmol), Intermediate 64 (10 mg, 0.036 mmol) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (30 mg, 0.079 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (22 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.34 min; m/z = 883.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 102

HATU (68 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 5-methylisophthalic acid (15 mg, 0.085 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (21.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.22 min; m/z = 713.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500

MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 7.96 (s, 1H), 7.72 (s, 2H), 7.27 - 7.20 (m, 6H), 7.12 - 6.93 (m, 12H), 4.94 - 4.85 (m, 2H), 3.85 (s, 6H), 3.24 (s, 6H), 3.10 (dd, J=13.3, 6.6 Hz, 2H), 2.94 (dd, J=13.3, 8.4 Hz, 2H), 2.43 (s, 3H). Example 103

HATU (68 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 5-(tert-butyl)isophthalic acid (19 mg, 0.085 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (43.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.49 min; m/z = 755.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM LtOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 8.02 (s, 1H), 7.93 (s, 2H), 7.26 - 7.19 (m, 6H), 7.14 - 6.95 (m, 12H), 4.96 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 3.85 (s, 6H), 3.29 (s, 6H), 3.14 - 3.08 (m, 2H), 3.04 - 2.96 (m, 2H), 1.35 (s, 9H).

Example 104

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (26 mg, 0.082 mmol), Intermediate 65 (8 mg, 0.04 mmol) and DIPEA (0.055 mL, 0.31 mmol) in DMF (0.9 mL) was added HATU (33 mg, 0.086 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (16 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.17 min; m/z = 737.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d^ δ ppm 7.23 (d, J=2.6 Hz, 6H), 7.06 - 6.66 (m, 12H), 4.73 - 4.53 (m, 4H), 4.17 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.89 - 3.77 (m, 6H), 3.16 (s, 6H), 2.97 (dd, J=13.2, 7.3 Hz, 2H), 2.75 (dd, J=13.2, 7.3 Hz, 2H), 1.28 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 6H).

Example 105

HATU (68 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of pyridine-2,4-dicarboxylic acid (14 mg, 0.085 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (11.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.21 min; m/z = 700.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 106

HATU (68 mg, 0.18 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 4-fluoroisophthalic acid (16 mg, 0.085 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (60 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.09 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (38.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.23 min; m/z = 717.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM

NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 8.09 (d, J=6.7 Hz, IH), 7.93 (d, J=3.1 Hz, IH), 7.42 - 7.20 (m, 8H), 7.13 - 6.92 (m, 11H), 4.95 - 4.85 (m, 2H), 3.86 (s, 6H), 3.22 (s, 6H), 3.12 - 3.05 (m, 2H), 2.95 - 2.85 (m, 2H).

Exam le 107

TEA (0.055 mL, 0.40 mmol) was added to a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 20 (61 mg, 0.16 mmol) and 3-(chlorosulfonyl)benzoyl chloride (19 mg, 0.079 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was sealed and stirred at rt for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (38.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.01 min; m/z = 861.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 108

TEA (0.055 niL, 0.40 mmol) was added to a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (51 mg, 0.16 mmol) and 3-(chlorosulfonyl)benzoyl chloride (19 mg, 0.079 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was sealed and stirred at rt for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (37.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.14 min; m/z = 735.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B.

Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 8.04 - 7.99 (m, 1H), 7.91 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.61 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (t, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.25 - 7.17 (m, 4H), 7.15 - 6.90 (m, 8H), 6.85 - 6.65 (m, 6H), 3.91 - 3.85 (m, 4H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.25 (s, 3H), 3.13 (dd, J=13.6, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 3.04 (s, 3H), 2.95 (dd, J=13.4, 8.9 Hz, 1H), 2.91 - 2.86 (m, 2H), 2.59 (dd, J=13.4, 8.9 Hz, 1H).

Example 109

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-3 (100 mg, 0.15 mmol) in EtOH (10 mL) was added 10% Pd/C (10 mg, O.Olmmol) followed by ammonium formate (28 mg, 0.44 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 100 °C for lh. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite and the filtrate concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (3 mg) as an off white solid. LCMS retention time = 1.76 min; m/z = 646.4 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM

NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. Example 110

A solution of 1M aqueous LiOH (0.75 mL, 0.75 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of dimethyl 5-bromoisophthalate (97 mg, 0.36 mmol) in THF (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight and then concentrated to dryness. The crude residue was dissolved into DMF (1 mL) and 4M HCl in 1,4-dioxane (0.19 mL, 0.76 mmol) and stirred until clear. A portion (0.1 mmol, 235 uL) of this crude solution was combined with a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (67.4 mg, 210 μπιοΐ) in DMF (0.83 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 400 μηιοΐ) and the crude reaction mixture was then treated with HATU (84 mg, 220 μηιοΐ) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (32.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.36 min; m/z = 777.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/rnin. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ ppm 8.97 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 2H), 8.26 (s, 1H), 8.13 (s, 2H), 7.25 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 4H), 7.20 - 7.11 (m, 6H), 7.03 (d, J=8.8 Hz, 4H), 6.89 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 4H), 4.70 - 4.63 (m, 2H), 3.81 (s, 6H), 3.15 (s, 6H), 2.98 - 2.86 (m, 4H).

Example 111

A solution of 1M aqueous LiOH (0.75 mL, 0.75 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of dimethyl pyrazine-2,6-dicarboxylate (70 mg, 0.36 mmol) in THF (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight and then concentrated to dryness. The crude residue was dissolved into DMF (1 mL) and 4M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (0.19 mL, 0.76 mmol) and stirred until clear. A portion (0.1 mmol, 235 uL) of this crude solution was combined with a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (67.4 mg, 210 μπιοΐ) in DMF (0.83 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 400 μηιοΐ) and the crude reaction mixture was then treated with HATU (84 mg, 220 μηιοΐ) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was

concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (43 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.23 min; m/z = 701.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 9.31 (s, 2H), 7.46 - 7.16 (m, 7H), 7.11 - 6.87 (m, 11H), 5.00 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.90 (br. s., 2H), 3.86 (s, 6H), 3.28 - 3.19 (m, 8H), 3.05 (dd, J=13.2, 8.1 Hz, 2H).

Example 112

A solution of 1 M aqueous LiOH (0.75 mL, 0.75 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of dimethyl pyrimidine-4,6-dicarboxylic acid (70 mg, 360 μπιοΐ) in THF (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight and then concentrated to dryness. The crude residue was dissolved into DMF (1 mL) and 4M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (0.19 mL, 0.76 mmol) and stirred until the mixture became clear. A portion (0.1 mmol, 235 uL) of this crude solution was combined with a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (67.4 mg, 210 μιηοΐ) in DMF (0.83 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 400 μιηοΐ) and the crude reaction mixture was then treated with HATU (84 mg, 220 μιτιοΐ) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (22 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.21 min; m/z = 701.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 9.39 (s, 1H), 8.45 (s, 1H), 7.41 - 7.19 (m, 7H), 7.08 - 6.84 (m, 11H), 4.93 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.90 - 4.85 (m, 2H), 3.85 (s, 6H), 3.22 (s, 6H), 3.11 (dd, J=13.2, 7.0 Hz, 2H), 2.93 (dd, J=13.4, 7.5 Hz, 2H).

A solution of 1M aqueous LiOH (0.76 mL, 0.76 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of (E)-dimethyl 3-methylpent-2-enedioate (62 mg, 0.36 mmol) in THF and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 d and then concentrated to dryness. The crude residue was dissolved into DMF (1 mL) and 4M HCl in 1,4-dioxane (0.19 mL, 0.76 mmol) and stirred until clear. A portion (0.1 mmol, 235 uL) of this crude solution was combined with a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (67.4 mg, 210 μπιοΐ) in DMF (0.83 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 400 μιτιοΐ) and the crude reaction mixture was then treated with HATU (84 mg, 220 μιτιοΐ) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield two isomers. Olefin stereochemistry was not determined:

The first eluting isomer of the title compound (12.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.99 min; m/z = 677.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NHtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.25 - 7.18 (m, 6H), 7.07 - 6.77 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 12H), 5.74 (s, 1H), 4.71 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 4.66 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.84 (s, 6H), 3.19 (s, 3H), 3.18 (s, 3H), 3.02 - 2.94 (m, 4H), 2.75 (dd, J=13.4, 8.2 Hz, 2H), 1.87 (s, 3H). The second eluting isomer of the title compound (5.0 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.11 min; m/z = 677.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.26 - 6.89 (m, 18H), 6.83 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 5.78 (s, 1H), 4.71 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 4.66 - 4.60 (m, 3H), 3.44 (d, J=12.2 Hz, 1H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 3.21 (s, 3H), 3.17 (d, J=11.9 Hz, 2H), 3.01 (dd, J=13.1, 6.7 Hz, 1H), 2.95 (dd, J=13.3, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 2.81 - 2.76 (m, 1H), 2.65 (dd, J=13.4, 8.5 Hz, 1H), 1.76 (s, 3H).

Example 115

A solution of 1M aqueous LiOH (0.76 mL, 0.76 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 3-(ethoxycarbonyl)-l-methyl-lH-pyrazole-5-carboxylic acid (71 mg, 0.36 mmol) in THF and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 d and then concentrated to dryness. The crude residue was dissolved into DMF (1 mL) and 4M HCl in 1,4-dioxane (0.19 mL, 0.76 mmol) and stirred until clear. A portion (0.1 mmol, 235 uL) of this crude solution was combined with a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 4 (67.4 mg, 210 μπιοΐ) in DMF (0.83 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 400 μπιοΐ) and the crude reaction mixture was then treated with HATU (84 mg, 220 μηιοΐ) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (37.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.14 min; m/z = 703.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.41 - 7.17 (m, 7H), 7.11 (s, 1H), 7.07 - 6.84 (m, 11H), 4.90 - 4.81 (m, 3H), 4.04 (s, 3H), 3.86 (s, 2H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.23 (s, 3H), 3.21 (s, 3H), 3.09 - 3.02 (m, 2H), 2.91 - 2.83 (m, 2H).

Example 116

A solution of 1M aqueous LiOH (0.76 mL, 0.76 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 3-(ethoxycarbonyl)isoxazole-5-carboxylic acid (66.7 mg, 0.360 mmol) in THF and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 d and then concentrated to dryness. The crude residue was dissolved into DMF (1 mL) and 4M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (0.19 mL, 0.76 mmol) and stirred until clear. A portion (0.1 mmol, 235 uL) of this crude solution was combined with a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (67.4 mg, 210 μπιοΐ) in DMF (0.83 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 400 μπιοΐ) and the crude reaction mixture was then treated with HATU (84 mg, 220 μηιοΐ) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (24.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.09 min; m/z = 690.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH4OAC. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 117

A solution of 1M aqueous LiOH (0.76 mL, 0.76 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of (E)-dimethyl pent-2-enedioate (57 mg, 0.36 mmol) in THF and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 d and then concentrated to dryness. The crude residue was dissolved into DMF (1 mL) and 4M HC1 in 1,4-dioxane (0.19 mL, 0.76 mmol) and stirred until clear. A portion (0.1 mmol, 235 uL) of this crude solution was combined with a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (67.4 mg, 210 μηιοΐ) in DMF (0.83 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 400 μηιοΐ) and the crude reaction mixture was then treated with HATU (84 mg, 220 μηιοΐ) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL) and then brine (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (21.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.91 min; m/z = 663.4 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d δ ppm 7.39 - 7.16 (m, 7H), 7.09 - 6.78 (m, 11H), 6.73 - 6.65 (m, 1H), 6.02 (d, J=15.4 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 4.64 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.83 (s, 6H), 3.17 (s, 6H), 3.08 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 2.99 (td, J=12.9, 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.81 - 2.70 (m, 2H).

Exam le 118

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 20 (46 mg, 0.11 mmol), Intermediate 51 (15 mg, 0.052 mmol) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (42 mg, 0.11 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (17 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.28 min; m/z = 945.3 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 9.45 - 9.29 (m, 2H), 8.15 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.88 (br. s., 2H), 7.35 (br. s., 2H), 7.00 (br. s., 2H), 6.76 - 6.62 (m, 4H), 6.38 (d, J=6.2 Hz, 4H), 4.74 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.40 (s, 4H), 3.33 (s, 6H), 3.07 - 2.96 (m, 2H), 2.80 (dd, J=13.6, 8.1 Hz, 2H).

Exam le 119

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 20 (46 mg, 0.11 mmol), Intermediate 52 (13 mg, 0.052 mmol) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (41.5 mg, 0.109 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and purified preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (27 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.96 min; m/z = 909.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d^ δ ppm 9.32 (s, 2H), 8.11 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 2H), 7.85 (br. s., 2H), 7.33 (br. s., 2H), 7.08 (d, J=2.6 Hz, 2H), 6.90 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 2H), 6.74 (t, J=9.2 Hz, 2H), 6.42 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 4H), 4.73 (t, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.55 (s, 4H), 3.33 (s, 6H), 3.05 (dd, J=13.8, 6.4 Hz, 2H), 2.84 (dd, J=13.4, 8.3 Hz, 2H). Exam le 120

A solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (23 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DCM (0.20 mL) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (120 mg, 0.28 mmol) in DCM (1.5 mL) and TEA (0.12 mL, 0.83 mmol) at 0 °C and then the reaction solution was allowed to warm to rt and was stirred for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (52.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.25 min; m/z = 798.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.26 - 6.71 (m, 10H), 6.55 (d, J=6.4 Hz, 2H), 6.46 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 2H), 5.86 - 5.70 (m, 2H), 5.13 - 5.00 (m, 4H), 4.29 - 4.13 (m, 6H), 3.88 - 3.78 (m, 6H), 3.00 - 2.88 (m, 2H), 2.80 - 2.65 (m, 2H).

Exam le 121

A solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (23 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DCM (0.20 mL) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 33 (125 mg, 0.28 mmol) in DCM (1.5 mL) and TEA (0.12 mL, 0.83 mmol) at 0 °C and then the reaction solution was allowed to warm to rt and was stirred for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (57.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.43 min; m/z = 826.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NHtOAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 7.52 - 6.66 (m, 10H), 6.54 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 2H), 6.47 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 5.80 - 5.68 (m, 2H), 5.09 - 4.98 (m, 4H), 4.59 - 4.54 (m, 1H), 4.21 (t, J=6.9 Hz, 1H), 3.91 - 3.79 (m, 6H), 3.77 - 3.56 (m, 4H), 2.98 - 2.86 (m, 2H), 2.78 - 2.64 (m, 2H), 2.23 (dd, J=14.8, 7.2 Hz, 4H).

Example 122

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 67 (43 mg, 0.11 mmol), Intermediate 51 (15 mg, 0.052 mmol) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (42 mg, 0.11 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (31 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.28 min; m/z = 955.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Exam le 123

A solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DCM (0.7 mL) was added dropwise to a stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (12 mg, 0.083 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to rt, stirred 30 min, treated with TEA (1 eq) and stirred 1 h. Additional sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (12 mg, 0.083 mmol) in DCM (0.3 mL) was added dropwise and the reaction mixture was stirred 30 min before being treated with additional with TEA (0.12 mL, 0.83 mmol). The reaction mixture was then treated with an HCl salt of Intermediate 33 (62 mg, 0.11 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (23.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.30 min; m/z = 812.3

[M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NLUOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH4OAC. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5 -minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 124

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-4 (100 mg, 0.24 mmol) in dioxane (10 mL) was added Intermediate 4 (83 mg, 0.29 mmol) followed by DIPEA (0.13 mL, 0.72 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 24 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (20 mL) and extracted with dichloromethane (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (20 mL), brine (20 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (4 mg) as an off white solid. LCMS retention time = 1.99 min; m/z = 661.4 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. Exam le 125

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 67 (42.4 mg, 0.109 mmol), Intermediate 52 (13 mg, 0.052 mmol) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (41.5 mg, 0.109 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and purified preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (39 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 919.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 126

HATU (38 mg, 0.10 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 4-fluoroisophthalic acid (8.8 mg, 0.048 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 20 (40.4 mg, 0.105 mmol) in DMF (0.8 mL) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (25 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.15 min; m/z = 843.5 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 9.38 (s,lH), 9.36 (s,lH), 8.18 (dd, J=14.5, 8.4 Hz, 2H), 8.07 - 7.86 (m, 4H), 7.48 - 7.23 (m, 3H), 6.83 - 6.74 (m, 2H), 6.59 - 6.49 (m, 4H), 4.97 - 4.91 (m, 2H), 3.38 (br. s., 3H), 3.37 (br. s., 3H), 3.20 - 3.10 (m, 2H), 2.96 (td, J=14.3, 7.9 Hz, 2H).

Exam le 127

HATU (39 mg, 0.10 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of 5-methylisophthalic acid (8.7 mg, 0.048 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 20 (40.8 mg, 0.106 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (22 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.29 min; m/z = 839.9 [M+H] + (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3.5 minutes. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 9.36 (s, 2H), 8.18 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 8.04 - 7.89 (m, 3H), 7.69 (s, 2H), 7.43 (br. s., 2H), 6.77 (t, J=9.2 Hz, 2H), 6.53 (d, J=6.1 Hz, 4H), 4.96 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 3.41 (s, 6H), 3.17 (dd, J=13.4, 6.4 Hz, 2H), 3.05 - 2.98 (m, 2H), 2.42 (s, 3H).

Example 128

HATU (39 mg, 0.10 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of maleic acid (5.6 mg, 0.048 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 20 (40.8 mg, 0.106 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (14.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.18 min; m/z = 775.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C 18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 129

HATU (38 mg, 0.10 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (8.0 mg, 0.048 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 20 (40.4 mg, 0.105 mmol) in DMF (0.8 mL) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, diluted with EtOAc (-1.5 mL) and washed with water (1 mL). The organic component was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (25 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.01 min; m/z = 826.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5%

Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM

NH4OAC. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol^) δ ppm 9.36 (s, 2H), 8.98 (s, 2H), 8.46 (br. s., 1H), 8.18 (d, J=8.5 Hz, 2H), 8.04 - 7.90 (m, 2H), 7.42 (br. s., 2H), 6.78 (t, J=8.9 Hz, 2H), 6.53 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 4H), 5.00 - 4.94 (m, 2H), 3.41 (s, 6H), 3.22 - 3.15 (m, 2H), 3.04 - 2.98 (m, 2H). Example 131 and Example 134

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 4 (32 mg, 0.10 mmol), Intermediate 66 (13 mg, 0.047 mmol) and DIPEA (0.065 mL, 0.37 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (37 mg, 0.098 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford Example 131 (the first eluting peak, absolute stereochemistry unknown) as a white solid (5.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.23 min; m/z = 811.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 134 (16 mg) was isolated as a mixture of diastereomers (the second and third eluting peaks, inseparable) during the preparative HPLC purification. LC-MS retention time = 2.26, 2.28 min; m/z = 811.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate;

Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 132 and Example 133

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 13 (35.0 mg, 0.098 mmol), Intermediate 66 (13 mg, 0.047 mmol) and DIPEA (0.065 mL, 0.37 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (37 mg, 0.010 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford Example 132 (the first eluting peak, absolute stereochemistry unknown) as a white solid (7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.31 min; m/z = 883.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5 :95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95: 5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 133 (21 mg) was isolated as a mixture of diastereomers (the second and third eluting peaks did not separate) during the preparative HPLC purification. LC-MS retention time = 2.36, 2.37 min; m/z = 883.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5 :95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM

ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 135

In a 10 mL pressure tube was added Intermediate 18 (50 mg, 0.16 mmol), 2,2'-dichloro- 4,4'-bipyrimidine (18.2 mg, 0.080 mmol), BINAP (40.0 mg, 0.064 mmol), cesium carbonate (157 mg, 0.482 mmol), dioxane (2 mL) and the reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen gas for 5 min. Pd(OAc)2 (5.8 mg, 0.026 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and stirred at 90 °C for 5 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT; diluted with water (10 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (25 mL), brine (25 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative LC-MS to afford the title product (7 mg) as a pale yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.03 min; m/z = 777.3 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μηι; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH4OAC in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm.

Example 136

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-5 (82 mg, 0.175 mmol) in dioxane (10 mL), water (3 mL) mixture was added Intermediate BB-6 (100 mg, 0.194 mmol), K3PO4 (103 mg, 0.485 mmol) and the reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen for 10 min.

PdCh(dppf) CH2CI2 adduct (12.7 mg, 0.016 mmol) was added the above reaction mixture and the solution was heated to reflux and stirred for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled RT, diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude material was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (32 mg) as red liquid. LC-MS retention time = 1.99 min; m/z =777.3 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM

NH4OAC in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes;

UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 9.50 (s, 2H), 8.47 (br. s., 4H), 8.29 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 8.16 (br. s., 2H), 7.59 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.07 (br. s., 6H), 6.81 (br. s., 4H), 4.62 (br. s., 2H), 3.25 (s, 6H), 3.00 - 2.90 (m, 2H), 2.90 - 2.83 (m, 2H). Exam le 138

A solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (45 mg, 0.10 mmol) in DCM (0.7 mL) was added dropwise to a vigorously stirred solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (19 mg, 0.13 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 30 min. The reaction mixture was then treated with a solution of TEA (0.09 mL, 0.6 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 33 (47 mg, 0.10 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and stirred at rt for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (44.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.25 min; m/z = 812.8 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NHiOAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d δ ppm 7.43 - 7.03 (m, 2H), 6.98 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 4H), 6.82 - 6.74 (m, 2H), 6.54 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 6.46 (d,

J=6.4 Hz, 2H), 5.81 - 5.69 (m, 2H), 5.09 - 5.05 (m, 2H), 5.04 - 4.98 (m, 2H), 4.59 - 4.56 (m, 1H), 4.28 - 4.15 (m, 3H), 3.86 (s, 3H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.76 (dt, J=13.7, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 3.69 - 3.61 (m, 1H), 2.76 - 2.67 (m, 2H), 2.24 (q, J=7.0 Hz, 2H).

Exam le 139

HATU (66 mg, 0.17 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.16 mmol) and 4-fluoroisophthalic acid (14 mg, 0.078 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (51.2 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.45 min; m/z = 841.8 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, methanol-d 4 ) δ ppm 8.08 (d, J=4.9 Hz, 1H), 7.96 - 7.90 (m, 1H), 7.32 - 6.93 (m, 9H), 6.85 - 6.76 (m, 2H), 6.56 (dd, J=13.9, 6.6 Hz, 4H), 5.91 - 5.79 (m, 2H), 5.18 - 5.07 (m, 4H), 4.64 - 4.59 (m, 2H), 4.37 - 4.30 (m, 2H), 4.28 - 4.21 (m, 2H), 3.87 (s, 6H), 3.15 - 3.05 (m, 2H), 2.93 (ddd, J=18.3, 13.6, 8.7 Hz, 2H).

Example 140

A solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (20 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DCM (0.30 mL) was added dropwise to a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 38 (112 mg, 0.233 mmol) in DCM (1.5 mL) and TEA (0.130 mL, 0.933 mmol) stirred at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to rt and was stirred for 2 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (23.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.04 min; m/z = 852.7 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 141 - 142

A solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (19.5 mg, 0.137 mmol) in DCM (0.20 mL) was added dropwise to a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 39 (111 mg, 0.229 mmol) in DCM (1.5 mL) and TEA (0.13 mL, 0.92 mmol) stirred at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to rt and was stirred 2 h. The crude reaction mixture was concentrated and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield two stereoisomers.

Example 141 (second elute; exact stereochemical composition unknown; 29.5 mg). LC- MS retention time = 2.13 min; m/z = 880.8 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x

50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NFUOAc.

Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min.

Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at

100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 142 (first elute; exact stereochemical composition unknown; 9.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.10 min; m/z = 880.7 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NFLOAc.

Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min.

Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 145

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 4 (107 mg, 0.378 mmol) in dioxane (10 mL) was added Intermediate BB-7 (150 mg, 0.378 mmol), BINAP (35.3 mg, 0.057 mmol), Cs 2 CO (308 mg, 0.945 mmol) and the reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(OAc)2 (6.8 mg, 0.030 mmol) was added and the resulting reaction mixture stirred at 90 °C for 3 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried (Na2S04) filtered, concentrated and the crude product was purified by preparative LC/MS to afford the title product as an off white solid (137 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.06 min; m/z = 645.4 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH4OAC in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, at 80 °C, DMSO-c e) δ 7.60 (d, J=5.77 Hz, 1H), 7.13 - 7.25 (m, 6H), 6.99 - 7.08 (m, 4H), 6.77 - 6.99 (m, 9H), 5.81 (d, J=4.77 Hz, 1H), 5.39 (br. s., 1H), 4.74 (br. s., 1H), 3.74 (s, 6H), 3.11 (s, 6H), 2.82 - 2.99 (m, 2H), 2.64 - 2.81 (m, 2H).

Example 146

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 20 (100 mg, 0.288 mmol) in dioxane (15 mL) was added Intermediate BB-8 (66.2 mg, 0.144 mmol), BINAP (26.9 mg, 0.043 mmol), CS2CO3 (234 mg, 0.720 mmol) and the reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(OAc)2 (5.17 mg, 0.023 mmol) was added to the above reaction mixture and stirred at 100 °C for 5 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (18 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.04 min; m/z =771.2 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH4OAC in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c e, 80 °C) δ 9.38 (d, J=10.0 Hz, 2H), 8.14 (t, J=9.2 Hz, 2H), 8.06 (s, 1H), 7.99 (s, 1H), 7.57 (d, J=5.6 Hz, 1H), 7.38 - 7.32 (m, 2H), 7.01 (br. s., 1H), 6.85 (br. s., 2H), 6.53 (br. s., 4H), 5.83 - 5.82 (m, 2H), 4.82 (br. s., 2H), 3.27 (s, 6H), 3.00-2.90 ( m, 2H), 2.85 - 2.80 (m, 2H).

Exam le 147

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 68 (60 mg, 0.15 mmol), Intermediate 51 (20 mg, 0.070 mmol) and DIPEA (0.10 mL, 0.56 mmol) in DMF (0.8 mL) was added HATU (56 mg, 0.15 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (52 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.46 min; m/z = 991.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 148

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 69 (60.7 mg, 0.147 mmol), Intermediate 51 (20 mg, 0.070 mmol) and DIPEA (0.10 mL, 0.56 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (56 mg, 0.15 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (52 mg). LC- MS retention time = 2.08 min; m/z = 1005.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0%B, 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 149

To a slurry of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 69 (40 mg, 0.10 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added TEA (0.04 mL, 0.3 mmol). The reaction mixture was treated with

sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (4.2 μΐ, 0.048 mmol) dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at rt overnight and then concentrated. The residue was taken up into DMF (1 mL) and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (17 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.24 min; m/z = 860.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA;

Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 150

To a slurry of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 68 (40 mg, 0.10 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added TEA (0.04 mL, 0.3 mmol). The reaction mixture was treated with

sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (4.2 μΐ, 0.048 mmol) dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at rt ovemight, concentrated and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (21 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.42 min; m/z = 846.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98; Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 151

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.015 mL, 0.17 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 73 (61 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (0.020 mL, 0.14 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 20 min. Then, a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (25.3 mg, 0.21 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and TEA (0.078 mL, 0.56 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture, and it was stirred at rt for 4 h. Then reaction mixture was concentrated, the residue was dissolved in MeOH and then purified twice via preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (4.4 mg) as a by-product from the reaction. LC-MS retention time = 1.90 min; m/z = 828.3 [M+H] + (Column: Waters BEH C18, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 1.0 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220).

Exam le 152

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.016 mL, 0.18 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 78 (66 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (0.021 mL, 0.15 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (27.4 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (0.085 mL, 0.61 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and it was stirred at rt for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, the residue was dissolved in MeOH and then purified via preparative LC/MS (Column: XBridge CI 8, 19 x 200 mm, 5-μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile: water with 10-mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10-mM ammonium acetate; Gradient: 15- 85% B over 40 minutes, then a 5-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 20 mL/min. Fractions containing the title compound were combined and dried via centrifugal evaporation.) to yield the title compound (8.3 mg) as a by-product from the reaction. LC-MS retention time = 2.02 min; m/z = 827.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% Acetonitrile : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 1.0 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220).

Exam le 153

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 70 (61 mg, 0.15 mmol), Intermediate 51 (20 mg, 0.070 mmol) and DIPEA (0.10 mL, 0.56 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (56 mg, 0.15 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as a white solid (22 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.49 min; m/z = 1153.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7^m-particles; Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA; Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA; Flow Rate = 0.8 mL/min. Start % B = 2; Final % B = 98;

Gradient Time = 1.5 minutes; Wavelength = 220 nm). Example 154

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-9 (100 mg, 0.166 mmol) in dioxane (5 mL) was added Intermediate 18 (51.7 mg, 0.166 mmol), cesium carbonate (162 mg, 0.498 mmol) and reaction mixture was purged with nitrogen for 10 min. Then added BINAP (20.7 mg, 0.033 mmol), Pd(OAc)2 (3.73 mg, 0.017 mmol) and the reaction mixture was heated to reflux and stirred for 16 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT, diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (19.5 mg) as light brown solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.82 min; m/z =727.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Example 155

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 80 (46.9 mg, 0.110 mmol), Intermediate 51 (15 mg, 0.052 mmol) and DIPEA (0.073 mL, 0.42 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (41.8 mg, 0.110 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (20 mg) as a white solid. LC- MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 1029.50 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μη Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 156

To a slurry of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 80 (45 mg, 0.11 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added TEA (0.044 mL, 0.32 mmol). To the resulting solution was added

sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (4.6 μί, 0.053 mmol) dropwise. The final solution was stirred at rt overnight. The solvent was removed in vacuo and the residue was taken up into DMF (1 mL), filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (6 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.33 min; m/z = 884.45 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μη Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 158

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 13 (148 mg, 0.462 mmol) in dioxane (10 mL) was added Intermdiate BB-10 (200 mg, 0.462 mmol), BINAP (43.2 mg, 0.069 mmol), Cs 2 C0 3 (376 mg, 1.16 mmol) and the reaction mixture was degasified with nitrogen for 10 min. Pd(OAc)2 (8.30 mg, 0.037 mmol) was added and the resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 90 °C for 3h. The reaction mixture was diluted with saturated NH4CI solution (50 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (2 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine (75 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude material was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (137 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.2 min; m/z = 717.4 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH4OAC in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, 80 °C, DMSO-c e) δ 7.61 (d, J=5.77 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (d, J=7.03 Hz, 4H), 7.05 - 6.82 (m, 7H), 6.57 (br. s., 4H), 5.82 (d, J=5.27 Hz, 1H), 5.63 (br. s., 1H), 4.75 (br. s., 2H), 3.77 (s, 6H), 3.15 (s, 6H), 2.99 - 2.85 (m, 2H), 2.84 - 2.72 (m, 2H).

Example 159

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-14 (124 mg, 0.424 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.012 mL, 0.14 mmol), TEA (0.118 mL, 0.848 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min at 0 °C and at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness and the crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (1.5 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.405 min; m/z =692.3 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM

NH4OAC in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm.

Example 160

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 81 (30.8 mg, 0.073 mmol), Intermediate 51 (10 mg, 0.035 mmol) and DIPEA (0.049 mL, 0.28 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (28 mg, 0.073 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture wass then filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to yield the title compound (8.7 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 944.95 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 161

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-14 (106 mg, 0.361 mmol) and isophthalic acid (20 mg, 0.120 mmol) in DMF (8 mL) was added DIPEA (0.13 mL, 0.72 mmol) and HATU (137 mg, 0.361 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness and the crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (36 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.18 min; m/z =717.4 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM LiOAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 9.07 - 9.02 (m, 2H), 8.21 (s, 1H), 7.91 (dd, J=7.5, 1.5 Hz, 2H), 7.50 (t, J=7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.18 - 7.12 (m, 8H), 7.08 - 7.01 (m, 6H), 6.98 - 6.92 (m, 8H), 5.21 - 5.14 (m, 2H), 3.79 (s, 6H), 3.22 (dd, J=13.2, 8.0 Hz, 1H), 3.14 (dd, J=12.8, 7.2 Hz, 1H). Example 162

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.012 mL, 0.14 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added a DCM (1 mL) solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 171 (48 mg, 0.12 mmol) and TEA (0.017 mL, 0.12 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 20 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (22.5 mg, 0.18 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and TEA (0.070 mL, 0.5 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (10.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.33 min; m/z = 802.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 163

An HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (41 mg, 0.107 mmol) and methanedisulfonyl dichloride (19 mg, 0.089 mmol) were dissolved into DCM (1 mL) and then treated with TEA (0.075 mL, 0.54 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ON. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (19.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.50 min; m/z = 832.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μτη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 164

An HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (41 mg, 0.11 mmol) and propane-l,3-disulfonyl dichloride (25.8 mg, 0.107 mmol) were dissolved into DCM (1 mL) and then treated with

TEA (0.075 mL, 0.56 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ON. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (9.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.46 min; m/z = 860.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 165

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.012 mL, 0.14 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) was added a DCM (1 mL) solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 173 (46.4 mg, 0.13 mmol) and the mixture was stirred for 20 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH- pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (23.1 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) and TEA (0.072 mL, 0.51 mmol) was added to the reaction mixture and it wasstirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (4.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.66 min; m/z = 753.8 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 166

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 51 dihydrochloride (13 mg, 0.04 mmol), DIPEA (0.051 mL, 0.29 mmol) and HATU (41.5 mg, 0.11 mmol) in DMF (3 mL) was added Intermediate BB-14 (30 mg, 0.09 mmol) and stirred the reaction mixture for 16 h. The reaction mixture quenched into water (30 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (20 mL), brine (20 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (8 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.45 min; m/z = 837.3 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH4OAC in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 8.97 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.18 - 7.15 (m, 6H), 7.13 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 2H), 7.08 (d, J=1.0 Hz, 2H), 6.90 - 6.84 (m, 14H), 6.57 - 6.54 (m, 2H), 4.97 - 4.90 (dd, J=14.8, 8.0 Hz, 2H), 4.32 (dd, J=16.8 Hz, 4H), 3.75 (s, 6H), 3.15 (dd, J=13.1, 8.5 Hz, 2H), 3.00 (dd, J=13.1, 6.5 Hz, 2H).

Example 167

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-16 (65.8 mg, 0.212 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.056 mL, 0.318 mmol), sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (15mg, 0.106 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and stirred for lh. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the crude material was purified via preparative HPLC to afford the title compound as an off white solid (2.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.62 min; m/z =726.5 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH4OAC in water: ACN (95 :5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm.

Example 168

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-18 (50 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (30.6 mg, 0.217 mmol), TEA (1.0 eq.) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. Then added 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3- Z>]pyridine (26.0 mg, 0.217 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) followed by TEA (0.101 mL, 0.722 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness and the crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (6.5 mg, an off white solid). Title compound: LC-MS retention time = 2.93 min; m/z =798.3 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM

NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm.

To a mixture of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 18 (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) and 4- fluoroisophthalic acid (12 mg, 0.065 mmol) in DMF and DIPEA (68 μΐ, 0.39 mmol), HATU (51.9 mg, 0.14 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (27.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.04 min; m/z = 770.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C 18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 170

TEA (0.12 mL, 0.82 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (63 mg, 0.17 mmol), succinyl dichloride (0.019 mL, 0.17 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ON. The reaction mixture was concentrated, dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (10.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.37 min; m/z = 775.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH- 10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, METHANOLS) δ 7.39 - 6.86 (m, 8H), 6.79 (t, J=8.9 Hz, 2H), 6.52 (d, J=6.7 Hz, 4H), 5.87 - 5.76 (m, 2H), 5.14 - 5.05 (m, 4H), 4.31 - 4.16 (m, 4H), 3.84 (s, 6H), 2.97 (dd, J=13.4, 6.1 Hz, 2H), 2.75 (dd, J=13.4, 8.2 Hz, 2H), 2.41 (s, 4H) (a 2H peak is hidden under solvent).

Example 171 HATU (63.2 mg, 0.166 mmol) was added to a stirred mixture of an HCl salt of

Intermediate 32 (53 mg, 0.138 mmol) and 3,3-dimethylpentanedioic acid (22.17 mg, 0.138 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.097 mL, 0.554 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ON. The reaction was concentrated, dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (21.8 mg). LC- MS retention time = 2.74 min; m/z = 817.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, MeOH-d 4 ) δ 7.36 (br. s., 4H), 7.10 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 4H), 6.77 (t, J=8.7 Hz, 2H), 6.52 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 4H), 5.91 (qd, J=11.0, 5.8 Hz, 2H), 5.24 - 5.15 (m, 4H), 4.65 (dd, J=10.4, 3.4 Hz, 2H), 4.44 (dd, J=15.0, 5.5 Hz, 2H), 4.28 (dd, J=14.8, 6.0 Hz, 2H), 3.89 (s, 6H), 3.03 (dd, J=13.7, 3.4 Hz, 2H), 2.89 - 2.80 (m, 2H), 2.27 (d, J=13.1 Hz, 2H), 1.93 (d, J=13.4 Hz, 2H), 1.06 (s, 6H)

Example 172

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (34 mg, 0.24 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 102 (75 mg, 0.20 mmol) and TEA (0.10 mL, 0.60 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) over 2 min and then the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. A solution of an HC1 salt of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3- b]pyridine (36 mg, 0.30 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.10 mL, 0.79 mmol), the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (14.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.33 min; m/z = 716.17 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 173

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-28.2 (100 mg, 0.31 mmol) in DCM (12 mL) was added TEA (0.09 mL, 0.6 mmol) followed by sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.067 mL, 0.47 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with NaHCC solution (20 mL) and extracted with DCM (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (20 mL), brine (20 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude material was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (10 mg) as an off white solid. LCMS retention time = 2.60 min; m/z = 742.2 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NLUOAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 7.83 - 7.67 (br.s, 1H), 7.35 - 7.18 (m, 8H), 7.05 - 6.90 (m, 2H), 6.48 (d, J=6.0 Hz, 2H), 6.31 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 4.51 - 4.43 (m, 1H), 4.15 (br. s., 1H), 3.13 (s, 3H), 3.02 (s, 3H), 2.79 (dd, J=13.6, 5.0 Hz, 1H), 2.73 - 2.56 (m, 7H), 1.23 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 3H), 1.16 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 3H).

Example 174

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-22 (0.070 g, 0.22 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) at 0 °C was added DIPEA (0.190 mL, 1.089 mmol) followed by sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.018 g, 0.131 mmol) and stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (6 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.39 min; m/z = 748.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μηι; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Example 175

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (28 mg, 0.20 mmol) in DCM (1 mL), in an ice-water bath, was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 105 (65 mg, 0.16 mmol) and TEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (29 mg, 0.24 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.10 mL, 0.65 mmol), the ice- water bath was removed and the reaction mixture stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative

HPLC to afford the title compound (5.2 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.97 min; m/z = 832.17 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 176

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (32 mg, 0.23 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 107 (75 mg, 0.19 mmol) and TEA (0.08 mL, 0.6 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH- pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (34 mg, 0.29 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.1 mL, 0.8 mmol), the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (12.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.05 min; m/z = 748.17 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 177

To a slurry of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 82 (35 mg, 0.091 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added TEA (0.038 mL, 0.27 mmol). The resulting solution was then treated with sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (4.0 μί, 0.045 mmol) dropwise. The final solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was removed in vacuo, the residue was taken up into 0.8 ml DMF, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (15.4 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.29 min; m/z = 802.00 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA,

Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH CI 8 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μπι, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 178

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 82 (35 mg, 0.091 mmol), Intermediate 51 (12.3 mg, 0.043 mmol) and DIPEA (0.060 mL, 0.34 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (34 mg, 0.090 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (21 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.34 min; m/z = 947.00 [M+H] + (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 179

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 82 (35 mg, 0.091 mmol), 4-fluoroisophthalic acid (8.0 mg, 0.043 mmol) and DIPEA (0.061 mL, 0.35 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (35 mg, 0.091 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (20 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.36 min; m/z = 845.00 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 180

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (22 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 110 (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) and TEA (0.05 mL, 0.38 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (23 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.07 mL, 0.51 mmol), stirred for 2 min and then the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (5.2 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.66 min; m/z = 744.16 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H2O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90%

MeOH-10% H2O-O. P/0 TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 181

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (21 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 91 (50 mg, 0.12 mmol) and TEA (0.05 mL, 0.37 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. A solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (22 mg, 0.18 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.07 mL, 0.49 mmol), stirred for 2 min, the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (14.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.83 min; m/z = 768.17 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H2O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 182

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (22 mg, 0.16 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added a mixture of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 112 (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) and TEA (0.05 mL, 0.39 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (24 mg, 0.20 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.1 mL, 0.5 mmol), stirred for 3 min, the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 1.5 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (5.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.09 min; m/z = 716.15 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 182B

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 29.2 (100 mg, 0.3 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (0.04 mL, 0.45mmol), TEA (0.2 mL, 1.50 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. Then added 2,3-dihydro-l 2- pyrrolo [2,3-*] pyridine (54.2 mg, 0.45 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) followed by TEA (0.21 mL, 1.50 mmol) and the reaction mixture stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the crude material was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (3.2 mg; off white solid). Title compound: LC-MS retention time = 2.8 min; m/z =770.3 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μηι; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NFUOAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NFLtOAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm.

Example 183

To a solution of Intermediate BB-25 (150 mg, 0.40 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) was added DIPEA (0.35 mL, 2.0 mmol), sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.020 mL, 0.24 mmol) and stirred the reaction mixture at room temperature for 20 min. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL), washed with water (20 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (7 mg) as pale yellow solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.07 min; m/z =856.2

[M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express CI 8 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm.

Example 184

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 102 (52 mg, 0.14 mmol) and 4- fluoroisophthalic acid (12 mg, 0.06 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) and then HATU (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (35.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.51 min; m/z = 759.38 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 185

A solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (20 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added slowly to a mixture of Intermediate 114 (50 mg, 0.12 mmol) and TEA (0.10 mL, 0.47 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (21.6 mg, 0.18 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added and followed by TEA (0.07 mL, 0.5 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 5 min, the bath was removed and the stirring was continuted for 2 h. It was concentrated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (14.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.96 min; m/z = 794.35 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 186

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (27 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in ai ice-water bath was added slowly a mixture of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 116 (65 mg, 0.16 mmol) and TEA (0.1 mL, 0.47 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. A solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (28 mg, 0.23 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.1 mL, 0.62 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 5 min and the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (9.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.07 min; m/z = 794.3 [M+H] + (Column:

Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1 % TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1 -min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 187

DMF (0.75 μΐ, 9.7 μιτιοΐ) was added to a mixture of sodium benzene- 1,3-disulfonate (55%) (50 mg, 0.097 mmol) and SOCh (2.00 mL, 27.4 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 1 d and then concentrated under vacum. To the residue was added DCM (1 mL), and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (74.6 mg, 0.19 mmol), followed by TEA (0.068 mL, 0.487 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. Additional HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (50 mg) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 3 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between EtOAc (2 x 20 mL) and water and the combined organic components were concentrated and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (62. lmg). LC-MS retention time = 2.45 min; m/z = 895.0

[M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95: 5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 188

To a mixture of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 73 (47 mg, 0.11 mmol) and 4- fluoroisophthalic acid (9.9 mg, 0.054 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.057 mL, 0.32 mmol), HATU (43.2 mg, 0.11 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (20.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.68 min; m/z = 871.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, DMSO-de) δ 8.94 (d, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 8.83 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 1H), 8.17 (t, J=7.5 Hz, 2H), 8.01 (br. s., 3H), 7.93 (br. s., 1H), 7.44 (d, J=7.0 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (t, J=9.2 Hz, 1H), 7.04 - 6.92 (m, 2H), 6.49 (dd, J=14.7, 7.0 Hz, 4H), 4.73 - 4.55 (m, 2H), 3.27 (br. s., 2H), 3.09 - 2.94 (m, 3H), 2.90 (s, 3H), 2.83 (s, 6H), 2.74

(s, 2H)

Example 189

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (25 mg, 0.18 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added a mixture of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 118 (60 mg, 0.15 mmol) and TEA (0.04 mL, 0.29 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) over 2 min in an ice- water bath and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. A solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (26 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.08 mL, 0.6 mmol), the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (12.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.56 min; m/z = 854.29 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 190

To a mixture of 3-(chlorosulfonyl)benzoyl chloride (50 mg, 0.21 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (160 mg, 0.42 mmol) in DCM (2 mL), TEA (0.15 mL, 1.0 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (58.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.88 min; m/z = 859.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 191

To a mixture of phthaloyl dichloride (15.9 mg, 0.078 mmol) and an HCl salt of

Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DCM (1 mL), TEA (0.06 mL, 0.4 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 1 d. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (14.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.91 min; m/z = 823.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 rnL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 192

To a mixture of 4,5-difiuorophthalic acid (15.8 mg, 0.078 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.16 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.39 mmol), HATU (62.6 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (52 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.60 min; m/z = 859.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm). ¾ NMR (500 MHZ, MeOH-d 4 ) δ 7.51 (t, J=9.0 Hz, 2H), 6.93 - 6.79 (m, 6H), 7.02 - 6.77 (m, 1H), 6.69 - 6.56 (m, 1H), 6.64 (d, J=6.6 Hz, 4H), 5.82 - 5.72 (m, 2H), 5.13 - 4.99 (m, 4H), 4.92 - 4.81 (m, 2H), 4.22 (dd, J=14.9, 6.1 Hz, 2H), 4.08 (dd, J=14.9, 6.1 Hz, 2H), 3.77 (s, 6H), 3.31 - 3.19 (m, 2H), 3.08 - 2.98 (m, 2H), 2.90 (dd, J=13.0, 6.4 Hz, 2H).

Example 193

To a mixture of benzene- 1,2-disulfonyl dichloride (21.5 mg, 0.078 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.16mmol) in DCM (1 mL), TEA (0.055 mL, 0.39 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 1 d. The reaction was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (12.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.95 min; m/z = 895.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 194

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-33.2 (80 mg, 0.23 mmol) and triethylamine (0.06 mL, 0.46 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) at 0 °C was added dropwise chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (10 μί, 0.115 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (-10 mL), washed with water (10 mL) and brine (10 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by combifiash chromatography (12 g Redisep ® SiC column, eluting with 1.5-2.0%

MeOH in chloroform) to afford the title compound (75 mg) as an off-white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.99 min; m/z = 800.2 [M+H] + . Column: KINETIX CI 8, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCO2NH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM HCO2NH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Example 195

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 102 (38.8 mg, 0.103 mmol), Intermediate 51

(14 mg, 0.049 mmol) and DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.39 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (39 mg, 0.10 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction mixture was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (34 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 0.95 min; m/z = 861.00 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 196

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 107 (52 mg, 0.13 mmol) and 4- fluoroisophthalic acid (11 mg, 0.06 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added DIPEA (0.06 mL, 0.4 mmol) and then HATU (48 mg, 0.13 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (18.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.23 min; m/z = 791.31 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 197

To a solution of Intermediate 51 (19 mg, 0.07 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 107 (55 mg, 0.14 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added DIPEA (0.10 mL, 0.53 mmol) and then HATU (53 mg, 0.14 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (19 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.20 min; m/z = 893.35 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 198

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (35 mg, 0.25 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 120 (100 mg, 0.25 mmol) and TEA (0.10 mL, 0.74 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) in an ice-water bath and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. A solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (45 mg, 0.37 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.14 mL, 0.99 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min, the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (26.2 mg). LC- MS retention time = 4.56 min; m/z = 766.32 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 199

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (36 mg, 0.25 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 128 (90 mg, 0.25 mmol) and TEA (0.05 mL, 0.4 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) in an ice-water bath and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (45.1 mg, 0.376 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.10 mL, 0.75 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min and then the ice-water bath was removed and the stirring continued at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (6.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.14 min; m/z = 824.22 [M+H] + . (Column:

Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 200

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (21 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 131 (50 mg, 0.15 mmol) and TEA (0.02 mL, 0.2 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (26 mg, 0.22 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.04 mL, 0.3 mmol), the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (6.0 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.76 min; m/z = 788.26 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 201

An HC1 salt of Intermediate 13 (30 mg, 0.084 mmol) and methanedisulfonyl dichloride (9.0 mg, 0.042 mmol) were dissolved into DCM (3 mL) and then treated with TEA (0.03 mL, 0.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was then stirred at rt ON. The reaction mixture was treated with additional methanedisulfonyl dichloride (9.0 mg, 0.042 mmol) and TEA (0.03 mL, 0.2 mmol) and stirring was continued at rt for 5 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (9.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.43 min; m/z = 781.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 202

An HC1 salt of Intermediate 20 (32.3 mg, 0.084 mmol) and methanedisulfonyl dichloride (9.0 mg, 0.042 mmol) were dissolved into DCM (3 mL) and then treated with TEA (0.03 mL, 0.2 mmol). The reaction mixture was then stirred at rt ON. The reaction mixture was treated with additional methanedisulfonyl dichloride (9.0 mg, 0.042 mmol) and TEA (0.03 mL, 0.2 mmol) and stirring was continued at rt for 5 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated, and the residue was dissolved into MeOH, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (9.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.20 min; m/z = 835.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7- μιτι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 203

To a solution of Intermediate 176 (20 mg, 0.058 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (0.016 mL, 0.12 mmol), a DCM (0.1 mL) solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (4.6 mg, 0.032 mmol) was added dropwise, the mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h, then it was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (11.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.59 min; m/z = 790.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 204

To a solution of Intermediate 181 (19 mg, 0.051 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (0.014 mL, 0.1 mmol), a DCM (0.1 mL) solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (4.0 mg, 0.028 mmol) was added dropwise, the mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h, then it was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (5.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 1.96 min; m/z = 846.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 205

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 83 (39 mg, 0.099 mmol), Intermediate 51 (13.5 mg, 0.0470 mmol) and DIPEA (0.066 mL, 0.38 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (38 mg, 0.099 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at rt ON and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (34 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.23 min; m/z = 891.05 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair =

Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100%

Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 206

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 83 (39 mg, 0.099 mmol), 4-fluoroisophthalic acid (8.7 mg, 0.047 mmol) and DIPEA (0.066 mL, 0.38 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (38 mg, 0.099 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (29 mg) as a white solid. LC- MS retention time = 1.24 min; m/z = 789.10 [M+H] + (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C). Example 207

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (37 mg, 0.26 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) in an ice-water bath was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 133 (100 mg, 0.26 mmol) and TEA (0.11 mL, 0.79 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (48 mg, 0.39 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.15 mL, 1.05 mmol), the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (8.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.96 min; m/z = 718.27 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 208

To a slurry of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 83 (39 mg, 0.099 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added TEA (0.083 mL, 0.60 mmol). The resulting solution was then treated with sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (4.3 μί, 0.050 mmol) dropwise. The final solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was taken up into DMF (0.5 mL) and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (8.4 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.18 min; m/z = 746.10 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μηι, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 209

To a solution of Intermediate 51 (6.5 mg, 0.02 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 116

(20 mg, 0.05 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) was added DIPEA (0.03 mL, 0.18 mmol) and then HATU (18 mg, 0.05 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (7.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.13 min; m/z = 961.41 [M+Na] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 210

To a mixture of 2-sulfobenzoic acid (20 mg, 0.1 mmol) and SOCh (1.0 mL, 14 mmol), DMF (0.8 μΐ, 10 μιτιοΐ) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 80 °C for Id, the reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was azeotroped with toluene, dissolved in DCM (1 mL), treated with an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (76 mg, 0.2 mmol), followed by TEA (0.069 mL, 0.49 mmol) and then the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture was partitioned between EtOAc (2 x 20 mL) and water and the combined organic components were concentrated, dissolved in DMF, and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (27.3 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.84 min; m/z = 859.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 rnL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 211

To a mixture of pyridine-3,4-dicarboxylic acid (13.1 mg, 0.078 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.39 mmol), HATU (62.6 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (49.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.49 min; m/z = 824.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 212

To a mixture of pyrazine-2,3-dicarboxylic acid (13.1 mg, 0.078 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.39 mmol), HATU (62.6 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (42.7 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.63 min; m/z = 825.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 213

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 179 (70.6 mg, 0.16 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and TEA (0.056 mL, 0.4 mmol), a DCM (0.3 mL) solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (12.4 mg, 0.088 mmol) was added dropwise and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (36.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.02 min; m/z = 842.0 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 214

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (23 mg, 0.16 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) in an ice-water bath was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 142 (70 mg, 0.16 mmol) and TEA (0.07 mL, 0.49 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 min. A solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (29 mg, 0.24 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.1 mL, 0.65 mmol), stirred for 3 min and the ice-water bath was removed and stirred at rt for 4 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (8.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.23 min; m/z = 820.24 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μηι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 215

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-27 (150 mg, 0.46 mmol) and TEA (0.06 mL, 0.46 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (0.05 mL, 0.6 mmol) at 0 °C and stirred at the same temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with DCM (20 mL), washed with water (20 mL), brine (20 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC purification to afford the title compound (25 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.31 min; m/z = 756.1 [M-H]. Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-c e) δ 9.81 (s, 1H), 8.10 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (dd, J=19.2, 10.4 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (dd, J=18.8, 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (m, 2H), 7.18 (br. s., 2H), 7.10 - 7.00 (m, 2H), 6.62 (d, J=7.2 Hz, 2H), 6.57 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.53 (d, J=8.0 Hz, 2H), 4.43 (m, 1H), 4.16 (m, 1H), 3.10 (s, 3H), 3.02 (s, 3H), 2.90 - 2.80 (m, 2H), 2.75 - 2.65 (m, 2H).

Example 216

To a mixture of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.15 mmol) and pyridazine-4,5- dicarboxylic acid (13.1 mg, 0.078 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.39 mmol), HATU (62.6 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (42 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.48 min; m/z = 825.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 217

To a mixture of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.15 mmol) and pyridine-2,3- dicarboxylic acid (13.1 mg, 0.078 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.39 mmol), HATU (62.6 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (41.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.56 min; m/z = 824.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH CI 8, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 218

To a mixture of 3,6-difluorophthalic acid (15.8 mg, 0.078 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.39 mmol), HATU (62.6 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (39.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.60 min; m/z = 859.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 219

To a mixture of 4,5-dichlorophthalic acid (18.4 mg, 0.078 mmol) and an HC1 salt of Intermediate 32 (60 mg, 0.15 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.068 mL, 0.39 mmol), HATU (62.6 mg, 0.16 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The reaction was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (43 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.76 min; m/z = 891.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5

acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 220

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-32.2 (150 mg, 0.49 mmol) in DCM (4 mL) was added chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (0.05 mL, 0.6 mmol), TEA (0.07 mL, 0.49 mmol ) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred for 30 min. Then added 2,3-dihydro-l/2- pyrrolo [2,3-*] pyridine (89 mg, 0.74 mmol) in DCM (10 mL) followed by TEA (0.07 mL, 0.49 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness; the crude material was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (1.5 mg, an off white solid). Title compound: LC-MS retention time = 1.48 min; m/z =708.1 [M-H]. Column: Acquity BEH C8 (2.1 x 50 mm) 1.7 μ: Flow rate: 0.7 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 5 mM NLUOAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 5 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); 5% B to 95% B over 1.1 minutes and then hold a 0.6 min. at 95% B of flow rate 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-de) δ ppm 9.71 (s, 1H), 7.84 (d, J=9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.35 - 7.29 (m, 2H), 7.25 - 7.17 (m, 6H), 7.07 - 6.83 (m, 8H), 6.58 (d, J=8.1 Hz, 1H), 4.37 (q, J=7.2 Hz, 1H), 4.09 (q, J=7.7 Hz, 1H), 3.06 (s, 3H), 3.00 (s, 3H), 2.86 - 2.77 (m, 2H), 2.69 - 2.58 (m, 2H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 3H).

Example 221

To a mixture of Intermediate 143 (0.060 g, 0.13 mmol) and 5,6-dihydro-7H-pyrrolo[2,3- c]pyridazine-7-sulfonamide (0.028 g, 0.14 mmol) in acetonitrile (2 mL) was added DBU (0.021 mL, 0.14 mmol). The reaction was stirred at -25 °C for 3.5 h. Another equivalent of DBU (0.021 mL, 0.14 mmol) was added and the reaction was heated at 40 °C for 3.5 h. The reaction was removed from the heat and all solvents were removed in vacuo. The residue was taken up in MeOH (2 mL) and purified via preparative LC/MS to afford the title compound (30.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.16 min; m/z = 720.9 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 223

To a solution of Intermediate BB-34.1 (100 mg, 0.307 mmol) in DCM (12 mL) was added sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.030 mL, 0.34 mmol) at -15 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred for lh. The reaction mixture was added of hexane (20 mL) and the precipitated solid filtered and re-dissolved in dioxane (2 mL). To this solution was added a mixture of Intermediate BB-33.2 (96 mg, 0.307 mmol) and TEA (0.128 mL, 0.922 mmol) in dioxane (4 mL) at 5 °C and the resulting reaction mixture stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with 10 % aqueous NaHCC solution (20 mL) and extracted with dichloromethane (3 x 20 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (20 mL), brine (20 mL), dried (Na2S04), filtered, concentrated and the crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (2 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.90 min; m/z =742.2 [M+H]+ Column: KINETIX XB-C 18, 75x3 mm, 2.6 μιη; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM HCOONH4 in 98% Water/ 2% ACN; Mobile Phase B: 10 mM

HCOONH4 in 2% Water/ 98% ACN; 20% B to 100% B over 4 min, then hold for 0.6 min at 100% B with flow rate of 1.5 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm.

Example 224

To a stirred solution of Intermediate 30.2 (l Olmg, 0.35mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (0.02 mL, 0.17 mmol), TEA (0.08 mL, 0.53 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness and the crude product was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (59 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 2.30 min; m/z =678.3 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm.

Example 225

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (25 mg, 0.18 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 146 (60 mg, 0.18 mmol) and TEA (0.04 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) in an ice-water bath and the reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min. A solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (32 mg, 0.27 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.07 mL, 0.53 mmol), the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min, the ice-water bath was removed and then stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in methanol and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (12.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.28 min; m/z = 784.16 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H2O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 226

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (24 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) in an ice-water bath was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 149 (70 mg, 0.17 mmol) and TEA (0.07 mL, 0.5 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (30 mg, 0.25 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.05 mL, 0.33 mmol), the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (5.8 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.75 min; m/z = 802.09 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 228

To a stirred solution of Intermediate BB-31.4 (0.100 g, 0.341 mmol) in DCM (5 mL) was added chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (0.015 mL, 0.170 mmol) and TEA (0.143 mL, 1.023 mmol) at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was allowed to stir at room temperature for 16 h. The reaction mixture was diluted with water (25 mL) and extracted with DCM (2 x 15 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried (Na2S04), filtered and concentrated. The crude product was purified by preparative HPLC purification to afford the title compound (26 mg) as an off white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.96 min; m/z = 690.2 [M-H]. Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm.

Example 229

To a solution of (5)-2-amino-N-(4-fluoro-3-methylphenyl)-N-methyl-3- phenylpropanamide (0.1 g, 0.349 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) at 0 °C was added a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (0.015 mL, 0.175 mmol) in DCM (0.5 mL) followed by TEA (0.073 mL, 0.524 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated to dryness and the crude material was purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title product (3 mg) as an off white solid. LCMS retention time = 2.31 min; m/z = 678.2 [M+H] + . Column: Ascentis Express C18 (50 x 2.1) mm, 2.7 μιη; Flow: 1.1 mL/min; Mobile Phase A: 10 mM NH4OAC in water: ACN (95:5); Mobile Phase B: 10 mM NH 4 OAc in water: ACN (5:95); Temperature: 50 °C; 0% B to 100% B over 3 minutes; UV Detection at 220 nm. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, METHANOLS) δ ppm 7.40 - 7.20 (m, 7H), 7.00 - 6.95 (m, 7H), 6.85-6.40 (m, 2H), 4.60 - 4.52 (m, 1H), 4.26 (dd, J=8.9, 6.0 Hz, 1H), 3.14 (s, 3H), 3.11 (s, 3H), 2.92- 2.85 (m, 2H), 2.83 - 2.70 (m,

2H), 2.20 (S, 3H), 2.17 (S, 3H). Example 230

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 120 (55 mg, 0.14 mmol) and 4- fluoroisophthalic acid (12 mg, 0.06 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.4 mmol) and then HATU (50 mg, 0.13 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (18.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.75 min; m/z = 809.35 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 231

To a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 86 (28.3 mg, 0.073 mmol), Intermediate 51

(10 mg, 0.035 mmol) and DIPEA (0.049 mL, 0.28 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (28 mg, 0.073 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at rt ON and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (25.7 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.39 min; m/z = 927.20 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C). Example 232

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 86 (31 mg, 0.080 mmol), 4-fluoroisophthalic acid (7.0 mg, 0.038 mmol) and DIPEA (0.053 mL, 0.30 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) was added HATU (30 mg, 0.080 mmol). The resulting mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (22 mg) as a white solid. LC- MS retention time = 1.41 min; m/z = 825.05 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μη Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 233

To a slurry of an HCl salt of Intermediate 86 (34 mg, 0.089 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added TEA (0.047 mL, 0.34 mmol). The resulting solution was then treated with sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (3.7 μί, 0.042 mmol) dropwise. The final solution was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was taken up into 0.5 mL DMF, filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (12 mg) as a white solid. LC-MS retention time = 1.35 min; m/z = 782.05 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C). Example 234

To a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 87 (395 mg, 0.999 mmol), 4,5- difluorophthalic acid (101 mg, 0.500 mmol) and HATU (399 mg, 1.05 mmol) in DMF (5 mL) was added DIPEA (0.698 mL, 4.00 mmol). The reation mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h, diluted with EtOAc (50 mL), poured into water (50 mL), separated and the aqueous component was saturated with NaCl and extracted with EtOAc (20 mL). The combined organic components were washed with brine, dried over MgSCn, filtered and evaporated in vacuo. The residue was taken up into DCM (5 mL) and purified by FCC (40 g silica gel cartridge), eluting with gradient 35%~65% EtOAc-hexanes to afford the title compound (325 mg) as a white powder. LC-MS retention time = 1.55 min; m/z = 883.25 [M+H]+ (Start % B = 0, Final % B = 98, Gradient Time = 1.5 min, Flow Rate = 0.8 ml/min, Wavelength = 220, Solvent Pair = Water/Acetonitrile/TFA, Solvent A = 100% Water/ 0.05% TFA, Solvent B = 100% Acetonitrile/0.05% TFA, Column = Waters Aquity BEH C18 2.1 X 50 mm 1.7μιη, Oven Temp. = 40 °C).

Example 235

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (27 mg, 0.19 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 152 (75 mg, 0.19 mmol) and DIPEA (0.07 mL, 0.38 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) in an ice-water bath and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (35 mg, 0.29 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added, followed by DIPEA (0.13 mL, 0.77 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min, the ice-water bath was removed and then it was stirred at rt for 1 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (24.2 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.17 min; m/z = 744.25 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex C18 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 236

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (23 mg, 0.17 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath was added a solution of an HC1 salt of Intermediate 154 (60 mg, 0.17 mmol) and DIPEA (0.06 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DCM (1 mL). Then a solution of 2,3- dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (30 mg, 0.25 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by DIPEA (0.1 mL, 0.66 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min, the ice-water bath was removed and then it was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (3.4 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.17 min; m/z = 688.10 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex C18 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H2O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 237

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (22 mg, 0.16 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 157 (70 mg, 0.16 mmol) and DIPEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) in an ice-water bath and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (28.0 mg, 0.233 mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added to the reaction mixture, followed by DIPEA (0.11 mL, 0.62 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min, the ice-water bath was removed and then it was stirred at rt for 2 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (7.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 4.01 min; m/z = 860.20 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex CI 8 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH- 90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 238

HATU (83 mg, 0.22 mmol) was added to a mixutre of l-methyl-lH-imidazole-4,5- dicarboxylic acid (17.8 mg, 0.10 mmol) and an HCl salt of Intermediate 32 (80 mg, 0.21 mmol) in DMF (1 mL) and DIPEA (0.091 mL, 0.52 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction was filtered and purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (10.5 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.85 min; m/z = 827.2 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters Acquity UPLC BEH C18, 2.1 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 5:95 acetonitrile:water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Mobile Phase B: 95:5 acetonitrile: water with 10 mM ammonium acetate; Temperature: 50 °C; Gradient: 0- 100% B over 3 minutes, then a 0.75-minute hold at 100% B; Flow: 1.0 mL/min;

Detection: UV at 220 nm). Example 239

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (15 mg, 0.11 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath was added a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 162 (40 mg, 0.11 mmol) and TEA (0.018 mL, 0.11 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (19 mg, 0.16 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.04 mL, 0.2 mmol), the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 min and then the ice-water bath was removed and it was then stirred at rt for 2 h. The reaction was concentrated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (2.6 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.91 min; m/z = 864.25 [M+H] + . (Column:

Phenomenex CI 8 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μιη particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H2O- 0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1-min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

Example 254

HATU (37.5 mg, 0.099 mmol) was added to a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (32 mg, 0.090 mmol) and 4,5-difluorophthalic acid (9.1 mg, 0.045 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) and DIPEA (0.047 mL, 0.27 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ON.

The reaction mixture was filtered and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (28.0 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.30 min; m/z = 807.2 [M+H] + .

(Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 rnL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 255

HATU (31.7 mg, 0.083 mmol) was added to a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 13 (27 mg, 0.076 mmol) and 4,5-dichlorophthalic acid (8.9 mg, 0.038 mmol) in DMF (0.5 mL) and DIPEA (0.040 mL, 0.23 mmol) and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt ON. The reaction mixture was filtered and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (23.1 mg). LC-MS retention time = 2.42 min; m/z = 839.1 [M+H] + . (Column: Waters BEH CI 8, 2.0 x 50 mm, 1.7-μιη particles. Solvent A = 95% Water : 5% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Solvent B = 5% Water : 95% MeOH : 10 mM NH 4 OAc. Flow Rate = 0.5 mL/min. Start % B = 0. Final % B = 100. Gradient Time = 3 minutes, then a 0.5-minute hold at 100% B. Wavelength = 220 nm).

Example 256

To a solution of sulfurisocyanatidic chloride (20.2 mg, 0.142 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) in an ice-water bath was added a solution of an HCl salt of Intermediate 95 (60 mg, 0.14 mmol) and TEA (0.05 mL, 0.3 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) and stirred for 1 min. Then a solution of 2,3-dihydro-lH-pyrrolo[2,3-b]pyridine (26 mg, 0.21 mmol) in DCM (1 mL) was added, followed by TEA (0.08 mL, 0.4 mmol), the ice-water bath was removed and the reaction mixture was stirred at rt for 3 h. The solvent was evaporated and the residue was redissolved in DMF and methanol, filtered and then purified by preparative HPLC to afford the title compound (2.9 mg). LC-MS retention time = 3.98 min; m/z = 802.28 [M+H] + . (Column: Phenomenex-Luna 2.0 X 50 mm, 3 μπι particles; Mobile Phase A: 10% MeOH-90% H 2 O-0.1% TFA; Mobile Phase B: 90% MeOH-10% H 2 O-0.1 % TFA; Temperature: 40 °C; Gradient: 0-100% B over 4 min, then a 1 -min hold at 100% B; Flow: 0.8 mL/min; Detection: UV at 220 nm).

The foregoing description is merely illustrative and should not be understood to limit the scope or underlying principles of the invention in its various embodiments in any way. Indeed, various modifications of the invention, in addition to those shown and described herein, will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the foregoing description and examples. Such modifications are also intended to fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Biological Methods

HIV cell culture assay - MT-2 cells, 293T cells and the pro viral DNA clone of

NL4-3 virus were obtained from the NIH AIDS Research and Reference Reagent Program. MT-2 cells were propagated in RPMI 1640 media supplemented with 10% heat inactivated fetal bovine serum (FBS), 100 μg/ml penicillin G and up to 100 units/mL streptomycin. The 293T cells were propagated in DMEM media supplemented with 10% heat inactivated FBS, 100 μg/mL penicillin G and 100 μg/mL streptomycin. A recombinant NL4-3 proviral clone, in which a section of the nef gene was replaced with the Renilla luciferase gene, was used to make the reference virus used in these studies. The recombinant virus was prepared through transfection of the recombinant NL4-3 proviral clone into 293T cells using Transit-293 Transfection Reagent from Mirus Bio LLC (Madison, WI). Supernatent was harvested after 2-3 days and the amount of virus present was titered in MT-2 cells using luciferase enzyme activity as a marker by measuring luciferase enzyme activity. Luciferase was quantitated using the EnduRen Live Cell Substrate from Promega (Madison, WI). Antiviral activities of compounds toward the recombinant virus were quantified by measuring luciferase activity in MT-2 cells infected for 4-5 days with the recombinant virus in the presence of serial dilutions of the compound. The 50% effective concentration (EC50) was calculated by using the exponential form of the median effect equation where (Fa) = 1/[1+ (ED 5 o/drug conc.) m ] (Johnson VA, Byington RT. Infectivity Assay. In Techniques in HIV Research, ed. Aldovini A, Walker BD. 71-76. New York: Stockton Press.1990).

Compound cytotoxicity and the corresponding CC50 values were determined using the same protocol as described in the antiviral assay except that uninfected cells were used. Cytotoxicity was assessed on day 4 in uninfected MT2 cells by using a XTT (2,3-bis[2- Methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl]-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxyanili de inner salt)-based colorimetric assay (Sigma- Aldrich, St Louis, Mo).

Compounds demonstrate antiviral activity as depicted in Table 1 below. Unless specific values are provided, activity equal to A refers to a compound having an EC50 < 100 nM, while B and C denote compounds having an EC50 between 100 nM and including Ι μΜ (B), 0Γ >1 μΜ (0).

Example # EC50 (μΜ) CC50 (μΜ)

17 12.25 15.9

18 0.03 85.3

19 0.17 99.5

20 0.01 35.0

21 3.25 27.0

22 1.31 21.1

23 1.16 26.9

24 0.09 4.2

25 1.13 3.7

26 0.90 31.1

27 0.04 100.0

28 1.40 30.0

29 2.49 31.8

30 4.96 31.2

31 0.78 3.5

32 3.29 34.6

33 1.24 100.0

34 0.01 100.0

35 0.03 99.9

36 7.27 65.3

37 0.07 19.9

38 0.55 45.0

39 0.95 33.3

40 0.31 36.0

41 0.10 23.0

42 0.85 40.7

43 0.48 3.7

44 0.02 67.0

45 0.01 38.8

46 0.27 18.5

47 2.76 1 1.1 Example # EC50 (μΜ) CC50 (μΜ)

48 0.17 30.9

49 0.04 10.8

50 0.04 3.7

51 0.01 100.0

52 1.14 22.6

53 0.34 33.3

55 10.06 85.8

56 2.60 10.5

57 1.58 3.5

58 0.61 3.3

59 3.34 1 1.0

61 0.61 32.6

62 0.49 100.0

63 1.09 30.2

64 0.38 1 1.3

65 0.32 34.6

68 1.42 69.3

69 0.02 1 1.8

70 0.15 100.0

71 0.08 6.5

72 0.04 4.4

73 0.07 39.9

74 0.03 1 1.3

75 0.08 1 1.5

76 0.03 1 1.4

77 3.98 9.6

78 50.00 50.0

79 1.40 100.0

80 0.16 12.8

81 0.00 2.8

82 0.07 100.0 Example # EC50 (μΜ) CC50 (μΜ)

83 0.09 6.2

84 0.04 6.9

85 0.97 100.0

86 0.09 24.5

87 0.09 1 1.1

88 13.68 20.8

90 0.34 22.7

92 0.29 10.1

93 0.09 5.7

94 0.16 23.2

95 0.21 50.0

96 0.12 50.0

97 2.60 100.0

98 0.03 1 1.2

99 0.02 1.8

100 0.07 100.0

101 0.03 100.0

102 0.05 33.3

103 0.15 33.3

104 0.13 31.0

105 0.68 3.1

106 0.05 6.3

107 0.30 100.0

108 0.72 100.0

109 6.87 65.4

1 10 0.21 100.0

1 11 0.96 100.0

1 12 1.71 1.3

1 13 0.36 25.3

1 14 1.78 27.1

1 15 2.13 100.0 Example # EC50 (μΜ) CC50 (μΜ)

1 16 0.71 1.5

1 17 0.64 30.8

1 18 0.00 100.0

1 19 0.01 100.0

120 0.26 23.3

121 0.73 18.8

122 0.09 100.0

123 0.38 19.2

124 3.80 31.0

125 0.34 100.0

126 0.01 100.0

127 0.01 3.8

128 0.08 12.6

129 0.01 5.3

131 0.49 6.3

132 1.94 7.3

133 0.41 13.9

134 0.82 10.8

135 0.09 0.5

136 0.34 100.0

138 0.26 12.9

139 0.04 33.3

140 0.10 32.7

141 0.09 16.2

142 0.82 17.4

145 12.04 19.1

146 2.86 30.6

147 0.09 100.0

148 0.72 100.0

149 1.64 79.5

150 0.01 24.6 Example # EC50 (μΜ) CC50 (μΜ)

151 0.19 33.4

152 0.06 99.3

153 1.54 3.1

154 1.86 100.0

155 2.13 33.3

156 24.73 50.0

158 9.53 12.4

159 3.68 86.4

160 0.02 100.0

161 2.80 73.9

162 0.07 43.9

163 2.56 100.0

164 2.64 100.0

165 0.04 30.3

166 6.70 100.0

167 0.27 26.5

168 0.15 16.2

169 0.06 4.5

170 7.66 28.4

171 100.00 100.0

172 0.58 100.0

173 0.00 25.5

174 100.00 100.0

175 0.45 100.0

176 0.04 100.0

177 0.27 88.0

178 0.02 100.0

179 0.34 100.0

180 0.03 80.1

181 0.02 85.8

182 0.40 97.9 Example # EC50 (μΜ) CC50 (μΜ)

182B 0.02 13.4

183 0.09 78.9

184 0.19 1 1.1

185 0.08 96.0

186 6.15 100.0

187 3.78 100.0

188 0.18 100.0

189 0.01 8.2

190 0.77 1.6

191 1.79 100.0

192 7.24 58.2

193 1.74 33.3

194 0.58 41.9

195 0.02 54.0

196 0.37 100.0

197 0.01 9.3

198 0.01 12.5

199 0.47 46.7

200 0.39 100.0

201 0.48 12.5

202 0.08 100.0

203 30.38 100.0

204 14.97 33.3

205 0.18 38.7

206 14.45 33.3

207 25.00 25.0

208 16.03 37.7

209 0.42 100.0

210 10.14 100.0

211 3.92 14.0

212 3.73 100.0 Example # EC50 (μΜ) CC50 (μΜ)

213 8.21 100.0

214 0.01 43.8

215 0.31 34.5

216

217

218

219

220 3.80 16.7

221 0.52 100.0

223 1.50 25.0

224 3.91 46.0

225 0.87 2.3

226 8.92 100.0

228 2.74 93.5

229 2.64 64.7

230 0.02 100.0

231 0.04 100.0

232 0.18 33.3

233 0.03 35.8

234 6.83 95.3

235 7.00 100.0

236 4.14 100.0

237 0.27 71.9

238

239 0.86 100.0

254 0.09 10.0

255 0.08 10.0

256 0.02 58.7 The foregoing description is merely illustrative and should not be understood to limit the scope or underlying principles of the invention in its various embodiments in any way. Indeed, various modifications of the invention, in addition to those shown and described herein, will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the foregoing description and examples. Such modifications are also intended to fall within the scope of the appended claims.