Adams, Charles K.
Pierce, Javin C.
Adams, Charles K.
|1.||A ski boot comprising a rigid foot portion having a rigid base and a rigid upper for surrounding a foot of a wearer a rigid leg element for surrounding essentially a lower portion of a leg of the wearer including a pivot means the foot portion and the leg element being connected through the pivot means to constitute a forward leaning retention position for said wearer release and retention mechanism for changing the rigid leg element into a substantially vertical release stop position said release stop position the result of a predetermined rearward force on the wearer's leg, the release mechanism comprising an upper arm linkage (54) engaged to a lower arm linkage (56) through a slot (68) , the release mechanism converting said rearward force into a substantially downward force which force causes the upper arm linkage to travel downwardly in said slot (68) at which point the lower arm linkage (56) and upper arm linkage (56) contact one another and pivot outwardly from said boot to position the wearer's leg into said release stop position.|
|2.||The release and retention mechanism of claim 1 , wherein said lower arm linkage is connected to a lower cam (72) which is connected to a mounting bracket (74) which is connected to a lower boot cuff (108), said cam (72) supported by a latch (73 ) pivotally connected to the boot lower, wherein said cam (72) can be adjusted into a non¬ supported position with respect to said latch at which point posterior rotation can take place at both boot upper shaft 106 and boot stirrup 108 locations.|
|3.||The release and retention mechanism of claim 1 wherein the retention position comprises a forward leaning position of about 12 to 15 degrees, and said release stop position is about 0 to 3 degrees.|
|4.||The release and retention mechanism of claim 2 wherein said posterior rotation places said boot into a lower leg angle of about 12 to 15 degrees.|
|5.||The release and retention mechanism of ciaim 1 wherein the outward pivot of said upper and lower arm linkage is provoked via contact of lower edge (62) of said upper arm linkage and upper edge (64) of said lower arm linkage.|
|6.||The release and retention mechanism of claim 1 wherein the release and retention mechanism comprises a plate (50) affixed to said boot, a spring (52) connected to said plate and to an upper arm linkage (54), said spring inducing said plate against said boot, a lower arm linkage (56) pivotally connected through a slot (68) to said upper arm linkage, a spring compression cap (70) also connected to the lower arm linkage, an adjustment screw (60) connected to said compression cap and said adjustment screw containing a compression nut (69) and said adjustment screw connected to an adjustment screw thrust plate (70), and a tension spring (66) surrounding said adjustment screw wherein said spring exerts an upward force on said spring compression cap and a downward force on said compression nut (69), including a lower cam (72) connected to said adjustment screw thrust plate, said lower cam connected to a stirrup mounting bracket 74, which bracket pivots as between a retention and release position. 7. The release and retention mechanism of claim.|
|7.||wherein the retention position is a forward leaning position of about 12 degrees, and wherein the release position is substantially vertical.|
|8.||The release and retention mechanism of claim 6, wherein an opening or space (58) is provided for in said upper arm linkage so that when in the release position access is provided to said adjustment screw (60).|
|9.||The release and retention mechanism of claim 6, wherein adjustment of screw (60) provides means to alter the compression of spring (66).|
|10.||The release and retention mechanism of claim 6 wherein said adjustment screw 60 is contained within said tension spring (66).|
|11.||A ski boot for the reduction of knee injuries when the boot exerts a forward directional force on the skier's leg wherein said boot provides a release and retention means for positioning the skier in a forward leaning ski position up to about 15 degrees, and a release position that is substantially vertical, said release and retention mechanism further including a means for positioning the skier into a rear inclined walking position.|
|12.||The ski boot of claim 1 1 wherein said rear inclined walking position is about 12 to 15 degrees.|
|13.||The ski boot of claim 1 1 wherein said substantially vertical position is about 0 to about 3 degrees.|
|14.||A latch element for a retention and release mechanism in a ski boot, comprising a cam that coacts with a stop, said cam being positioned in such a manner that posterior forces imparted by a user urges said cam to disengage from said stop at a predetermined levei of posterior force.|
|15.||The latch element of claim 14, wherein the latch further contains a plurality of elements that permit compression or change of length when subjected to rearward force, said plurality of elements including mobile elements, an elastic spring element, a pivot affixation location on said mobile elements, a second spring clement affixed to a cam, and a stop, wherein said compression or change of length of said latch is permitted by compression of said elastic spring element positioned between said mobile elements, said latch pivotally affixed to a point that is radial to the pivotal fixation point wherein said latch under a predetermined force will compress said spring element until said cam affixed to said second spring element is dislodged from said stop.|
|16.||A ski boot, comprising at least one tower foot and heel holding portion with a shaft, in the form of a collar, articulated on the tower part, and comprising connecting means consisting of a latch which interacts with a stop which is integral with the lower part, said connecting means comprising means for fixing or releasing said shaft for rotation relative to the lower part consisting of a cable provided with at least one closing buckle for manually disconnecting said fixation means by pivoting all or a portion of the latch to disengage it from the stop to facilitate upright standing and walking with the boot, including means for automatically disconnecting said latch when an anticipated dangerous level of force is applied to the rear of the shaft by the wearer's leg that comprises an elastic element, a proximal housing which is affixed to the upper shaft, and a distal housing element that is constrained by the proximal housing element in all axis except in compression of the elastic element, a distal element that coacts with the stops tat is mobile, along the compression axis of the clastic element and is disengaged from said stop when sufficient displacement of the elastic element allows an armature tat is pivotally affixed to said to the proiximal housing clement collide with the stop interface element connected to the distal housing element that via eccentric coaction to its compression axis urges the latch assembly lo disengage from the stop.|
|17.||The ski boot of claim 16 wherein the latch further contains a plurality of elements that permit compression or change of length when subjected to rearward force said plurality of elements including mobile elements, an elastic spring element, a pivot affixation location on said mobile elements, a second spring element affixed to a cam and a stop, wherein said compression or change of length of said latch is permitted by compression of said elastic spring element positioned between said mobile elements, said latch pivotally affixed to a point that is radial to the pivotal fixation point wherein said latch under a predetermined force will compress said spring element until said cam affixed to said second spring element is dislodged from said stop.|
|18.||The ski boot of claim 16 wherein the elastic element is remotely connected to the latch mechanism by means of a cable.|
|19.||The ski boot of claim 16 wherein the elastic element is housed under the wearer's heel.|
|20.||A ski boot having a pivotally mobile upper shaft, and a lower foot and heel holding portion, that comprises a stop and coacting latch sensing mechanism to allow the upper shaft to further articulate in the rearward direction relative to the lower foot and heel holding portion under the condition of a force applied to said stop and coacting latch mechanism which urges the latch to disengage from said stop. 21. The ski boot of claim.|
|21.||wherein said sensing mechanism comprises a spring and an axially slidablc mobile element that coacts with a cam member positioned within said latch that urges a pivotally mobile latch element to cause the latch to disengage from the stop.|
the skier's leg. A releasing means changes the rigid support position for the foot and the lower leg on application of a predetermined level of force by the boot on the wearer. The '608 disclosure goes on to report thai rearward pressure of the person's lower leg against the rear leg element o the boot can be sensed by force sensors producing electrical outputs by the use of piezoelectric material. In addition, as illustrated in FIG. 7 therein., a mechanical latch assembly employing a tension spring 96 is disclosed, which is described as urging or maintaining the device in ski position, and when said tension is overcome, a release position is obtained as shown in FIG. 8. U.S. Patent No. 5,283.964 discloses a boot device for front-to-back immobilization of the upper, which acts on an oscillating level capable of being supported against a stop on the shell base. T he device is constituted by a rectilinear- motion control mechanism incorporating an external control device of which an inner pail actuates via a cam a sensing device associated with the oscillating lever so as to impart to the latter an angular rotating movement around its pin toward a locked or release position in relation to the stop formed on the shell base. Attention is also directed to following foreign patent documents: WO 92/05718 and 0514762A2. More specifically, in WO 92/0571 there is disclosed a ski boot for enhancing the safety of skiing. Finally, reference is made to EP-375-604-A. which discloses a ski boot with stop holding the leg forward, and French Pateni 2647-649-Λ which discloses a ski boot with an articulated leg locked in a forward position, which leg is articulated having a clip at the back which pivots around the horizontal axis. All o the above, however, are distinct from the present invention, in that they collectively fail to provide, in the boot itself, a practical mechanism for mitigation of knee injuries while used in skiing. Accordingly, in the context of the present invention, there is herein provided in the boot a retention and release mechanism which specifically reduces potentially injurious forces to the anterior cruciate knee ligament (ACL)- Stated another way, the present invention is designed to provide a ski boot that allows the potentially damaging posterior forces at the spoiler (or upper shaft) section of a ski boot
1 to be absorbed or transduced.
2 Therefore, it is an object of the invention to provide a ski boot design which
3 restricts the posterior movement ofthe upper shaft of a ski boot, by allowing posterior
4 travel of the same after a selected level or threshold of force has been obtained.
5 In addition, the present invention also contains as its objective the development of
6 a unique mechanism to affect cuff displacement and arrest when appropriate to create a
7 more safe environment and enhanced safety to the user.
S Moreover, the present invention has as its object the preparation of a retention and
9 release mechanism providing a safety feature in a ski boot design.
10 Finally, it is a more specific object of the invention to provide a ski boot design
1 1 which prevents or mitigates the severity of injuries to the anterior cruciate knee ligament.
12 and to provide a more safe natural biomechanical rearward articulation, in the boot, for
13 the user thereof.
14 The present invention. as will be described in further detail accommodates a range
15 of lower leg angles from about 12 to 15 to about 0 to -3 degrees without causing ankle
16 injury or discomfort. Inherent in the design herein is the feature that the recovery is
17 possible (via stance adjustment with respect to the contralateral leg, combined with the
18 "stop" or limit of rearward movement, supporting the leg) and injury to the ankle is
1 prevented via leg support and reduction of portions ofthe boot lower that would impinge
20 upon the leg/ankle in rearward motion (plantar flexion). In addition, the moment arm of
2 ">1 the ski tail of the present invention is reduced with respect to the skiers' center of gravity
22 thereby reducing forces to the knee while still providing posterior support of the leg and
23 thereby permitting the skier to continue skiing until recovery or falling. In the case of
24 falling, rearward contact with the snow over the ski tail requires less derangement and
25 force loading of the knee joint.
26 In addition to the above, the present invention provides the ability for the user to
27 adjust and allow for movement into a walking position of about -12 to -15 degrees, by
28 adjustment of the device herein at the boot lower section thereof.
Furthermore, in the predominant backward falling accidental instance when episodes of ACL force is likely to cause a rupture, the flexion of the knee is greater than 90 degrees from full extension ( straight), the flexion angle tends to be reduced, by the present invention, when rearward support is again offered by the boot taking advantage of more equitable load sharing of fibers within the ACL. See Anterior Cruciate Litzament Strain In Vivo, Robert J. Johnson et al, Univ. of Vt., Proceedings of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 1989. Specifically, loads are reduced in the anterior medical fiber bundle and redistributed to the posterior lateral libers o the ACL. as a consequence of release to the approximate 0 degree position. Coversely, in the less common potential ACL injury episode when the posterior boot support imparts a dangerous force to the knee when the knee is nearly or fully extended (straight), the present invention can permit the knee flexion angle to be increased when rearward support is again offered by the boot again taking advantage of more equitable load sharing of fibers within the ACL. Specifically load concentrations are distributed from the posterior lateral fiber bundle to the anterior medial fibers. In sum, the present invention comprises a ski boot which pi ovides a mechanical retention and release mechanism providing means for mitigating injury to the anterior cruciate knee ligament when the skier exerts posterior loads, potentially injurious to the knee, to the boot shaft upper, said retention and release mechanism capable of positioning lower leg angles from about + 12 to 1 5 degrees in said retention position, to aboul 0 to -3 degrees, in a release position. More specifically, and with reference lo FIGURE 5, the present invention comprises a retention and release mechanism comprising a plate 50 which is affixed to a ski boot upper shaft by a pair of fixation tabs to allow hinged fixation, a spring 52 mounted on a single hinge pin under compression to provide sufficient anterior force with respect to the ski boot to induce said upper and lower arm linkages to remain against the posterior element of the ski boot while skiing or to retum said armatures to a stable position after release, said spring having insufficient force to prevent the armatures from
1 moving posteriorly to an unstable configuration during release, an upper arm linkage 54
2 comprising a pair of hinge pin receiving holes for pivotal fixation to said plate 50 and a
3 pair of receiving holes for pivotal fixation to a lower arm linkage 56 comprising a space
4 58 to permit tool access to adjustment screw 60 and an interference edge 62. The
5 interference edge 62 is in spatial relationship with a coacting interference edge 64 of
6 lower arm linkage 56 such that linkage elements 56 and 54 revert from a stable (anterior
7 coacting with the boot) to an unstable position (posterior) when a predetermined amount
8 of spring 66 deflection/compression has occurred. The lower arm linkage 56, as noted.
9 contains interference edge 64 and a pair of receiving slots 68 to provide hinged fixation to
10 upper arm linkage 54 and axial translation of 54 with respect to 56. The spring
1 1 compression cap 59 contains a pair of holes to hold a pair of short hinge pins that connect
12 54 and 56 and a central axial hole to permit access to spring 66. 1 he release tension
1 3 adjustment screw 60 contains a capless head to prevent axial loading/interference of
14 spring 66 yet with sufficient keyway interface to permit turning by a tool, fhc head stays 1 5 within the spring coils. At 69 is a square threaded compression nut comprising a
1 threaded axially orientated receiving hole for adjustment screw 60 of sufficient width to
1 7 prevent rotation during tension adjustment, also comprising a visual indicator of spring
1 8 tension against a scale (not shown). Adjustment screw thrust plate 70 comprises a central
19 indentation strike point for adjustment screw 60 by which inferior spring force is
20 transduced to 56 via tabs comprising a pair of holes for receiving a hinge pin rigidly affixing 70 to 56. At 72 is a cam that supports the release and retention mechanism upon i a spring load latch (not shown) whereby the cam can be urged (by means nol shown) to
-> "3 pivot anteriorly a sufficient amount to disengage from supporting latch allowing inferior
24 translation of the release and retention mechanism and posterior motion of the boot upper
25 shaft to permit walking, ingress and egress. At 74 is a stirrup mounting bracket which
26 comprises a pair of holes for fixation by screws to a stirrup (lower outer shell cuff
27 element), a pair of holes for receiving a hinge pin and pivotal affixation of 72 and 74 to
28 70 and 56. Furthermore 74 contains a strike plate coacting with 72 to prevent excessive
posterior rotation of 72 providing a stable support configuration until 72 is urged forward to assume a "walk" mode. FIG. 6 is an assembled illustration of the release and retention mechanism of FIG. 5. Shown again in assembled form are the plate 50, the upper arm linkage 54, interference edge 62, which can also be termed a superior interference contact edge interference edge 64, which can also be termed an inferior contact edge, lower arm linkage 56, stirrup mounting bracket 74 and cam 72. Also illustrated in FIG. 5 are the adjustment screw thrust plate 70 and square threaded compression nut 69. Finally. FIG. 5 also shows at 74 the stirrup mounting bracket, at 76 the visual tension indicator, at 80 the hinge pin head, at 82 the short hinge pin head, at 84 the head of the single hinge pin. and at 86 the rivet mounting hole of plate 50. Finally, at 88 is illustrated a hinge pin head. and at 90 is shown the flange of 56 that acts to a shoulder to augment the travel limit of spring cap (internal, not shown) against the top of the slot. FIG. 7 illustrates in further cross-sectional view the release and retention mechanism, in the ski position, more clearly showing the placement of spring 52. The front of the boot is to the left hand side of the release and retention mechanism shown in FIG. 7. FIG. 8 illustrates the release and retention mechanism is release position. Also shown in FIG. 8 at 92 is the contact which occurs as between lower arm linkage and stirrup mounting bracket 74 which further serves to limit travel of the upper arm linkage 54. FIG. 9 illustrates at 94 the cutout section of the boot in the stirrup cuff element for placement of the release and retention device herein, at 96 the stirrup pivot point which rivets to the lower shell of the boot, and finally, at 98, one of the screw hole pairs for mounting the stirrup mounting bracket 74. FIGS. 10-12 best illustrate in cross-sectional form the release and retention mechanism in both retention and release positions. As illustrated therein, when in ski or retention position, as shown in FIG. 10, the lower arm linkage 56 is urged against the upper shaft 100 of the boot. In addition, shown at 102 is the space or opening as between upper arm linkage 54 and lower arm linkage 56. Also, slot 68 reveals in FIG. 10 that
1 when in the ski position, the short hinge pin head 82 is positioned at the top of the slot 68.
2 due to spring 66 counter force or extension force. In the event of a rearward fall, the
3 skier would lean back on the release and retention mechanism, and load transfer would
4 occur through the mechanism to the bottom of said mechanism, as more particularly
5 illustrated in FIG. 1 1 . As can be seen in FIG. 1 1. upper arm linkage 54 has been urged
6 downward in slot 68, and pin head 82 is now positioned at the bottom of said slot. In this
7 position, spring 66 has been compressed downward. At this point in time, it can also be
8 seen that space 102 no longer exists, as the edges of the upper arm linkage 54 and lower
9 arm linkage are in contact, as shown at 104. The contact provokes rearrangement into the 10 release position, FIG. 12, by means of forming a fulcrum contact point 104 upon which
1 1 further compression of spring 66 and the concommitant downward travel of upper arm
1 linkage 54 in slot 68 urges parts 56 and 54 to rotate away from the upper shaft 100 of the
13 boot, by transferring loads from the stable center of spring 66 to the unstable contact
14 point 104. The rearrangement of the upper and lower arm linkages in this manner allows
15 the upper shaft (boot cuff) to rotate posteriorly until its' travel is arrested by contacting
16 the stationary stirrup (lower boot shaft clement) and the folded/rearranged release and
17 retention mechanism housed in the stirrup, this arrest occuring at about 0 degrees forward
18 lean. Cam 72 remains in a stable supporting position during ACL release mode. When
19 the skier is able to rotate the upper shaft element (cuff) forward again the upper and lower
20 arm linkages will rearrange into the stable ski position with the help of spring 52.
21 FIG. 13 illustrates the ski position, and note therein the stable relationships of the ι-> arm linkages and cam 72 on the latch 73. FIG. 14 shows cam 72 being switched by a
23 manual interface (not shown) thereby causing an unstable relationship between cam 72
24 and the latch 73. FIG. 15 shows both boot upper shaft (cuff element) 106 and boot stirrup ι (lower shaft/cuff element) 108 rotating posteriorly on their respective axis to permit a
26 normal walking gait or to facilitate egress or gress, as a result of manual switching. FIG.
27 16 illustrates the relationship ofthe arm linkages and the boot upper shaft 106 and boot
28 stirrup 108 in the ACL release position. As illustrated therein, the release and retention
mechanism when releases provides a substantially vertical position to the skier. Furthermore, and as noted above, when in release position the rearrangement of the upper and lower arm linkages allows the upper shaft cuff element 106 of the boot to rotate posteriorly at which point it is prevented from further travel by contacting the stationary stirrup 108. The contact point is shown in FIG. 16 at 1 10. In further summary form, the present invention therefore relates to a latch element for a retention and release mechanism in a ski boot, comprising a cam thai coacts wilh a stop, said cam being positioned in such a manner that posterior forces imparted by a user urges said cam to disengage from said stop at a predetermined level of posterior force. The present invention can also be described as a ski boot containing a retention and release mechanism providing restriction to posterior movement of the upper shaft of said boot and allowing posterior travel of said shaft after a predetermined level of force has been obtained, comprising a latch which contains a plurality of elements that permits compression and change of length when subjected to rearward force by the upper shaft of said boot, said compression and change of length permitted by compression of an elastic spring clement affixed between two mobile elements ( 14) and (3 ), said latch pivotally fixed to point ( 16,17) lhat is radial to the pivotal fixation point o the overall mechanism to the boot shank characterized in that said latch, under a predetermined amount of force, will compress a spring housing element ( 14) until a cam (15) affixed to another spring housing element (2) which urges said cam to dislodge the latch from the slop ( 1 1 ). FIG. IA, IB and 1 C represent a front, side, and rear view of the retention and release mechanism of the present invention. FIG. 2A and 2B represent an alternative embodiment o the present invention known generally as the hinge carriage assembly. FIG. 3 A and 3B further represent the alternative embodiment of the present invention known as the hinge carriage assembly, in greater detail. FIG. 4A represents the latch of the prior art employed in a ski boot, and FIG 4B represents the latch of the present invention, the sidc-by-side comparison emphasizing the
differences in the latch and cable housing of the present invention. As can be seen from the foregoing discussion, the present invention relates to a retention and release mechanism formed by a cam that coacts with a stop, sad cam being positioned in a manner such that posterior forces imparted to the wearers leg, urges said cam to override or disengage from said stop(s) until the magnitude of force is sufficient to cause the cam to disengage or fully overrun said stop(s) at a predetermined and adjustable level of force. The invention also relates to a device to a release and retention mechanism having an adjustable element tat controls the amount of force required to displace a cam to a degree that it fully overrides its coacting stop(s). This device comprises a spring or an elastic element and a release mechanism such as a cam or ball spring and socket the exact configuration of which can be various and apparent to those skilled in the art of load specific release mechanisms such as ski bindings and the like The invention also relates to a release and retention mechanism offering a secondary elastic function providing sufficient resistance to rearward displacement of the boot shaft to enable the wearer to maintain control of the ski. This arrest feature limits the posterior displacement of the boot shaft after the "rear breakoul" or release has occurred. An important feature of the present invention is that release or break out is limited. This function can be obtained by the interference of the boot upper with the lower, or b> means of a dash pot or stop(s) that coacts with the one or more parts of the primary retention and release mechanism or another portion of the boot upper shaft. The secondary "stop" or arrest mechanism should limit posterior travel of the shaft to less than approximately 20 degrees rearward from vertical. The invention also relates to a release and retention mechanism that can be configured to offer a staged release that facilitates repeated compression/deflection of an elastic element, and resetting of a latch mechanism into a series of stop elements or likewise by a series of latch elements coacting with the stop. The invention also relates to a retention and release mechanism offerinu sufficient
rearward displacement of the boot shaft to increase the tendency of the knee joint of the wearer to extend to a degree that reduces the likelihood that injury to the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee will occur. The invention provides the function of absorbing potentially injurious forces before said forces are sustained by the wearer's knee joint. An elastic element comprising a means of adjusting preload, acts as a means to urge the interface constraining the boot shaft posteriorly to disengage affecting a posterior "release" to the arrest position. The adjustment governs the level of force or load required to affect release. The invention relates to a ski boot having high rearward upper shaft resistance to flex to provide typical performance found in contemporary ski boots until a rearward force approaching that sufficient to damage the knee is encountered whereby the release and retention mechanism will allow the upper boot shaft to freely rotate rearwards for u small distance sufficient to protect the knee yet enable the skier to maintain control of the ski in a new position until the skier can resume a normal forward skiing posture at which point the retention feature of the invention will engage and support the leg posteriorly until the same potentially injurious posterior force level is again encountered. Alternatively , if the skier cannot recover control after the release episode, the effective moment arm of the ski tail to the knee being shortened increases the likelihood that the skier will fall over the tail of his ski without damaging knee ligaments. ln connection with the above, the present invention describes a ski boot comprising at least one lower foot and heel holding portion with a shaft, in the form of a collar, articulated on the lower part, and comprising connecting means consisting of a latch which interacts with a stop which is integral with the lower part, said connecting means comprising means for fixing or releasing said shaft for rotation relative to the lower part consisting of a cable provided with at least one closing buckle for manuall} disconnecting said fixation means by pivoting all or a portion of the latch to disengage it from the stop to facilitate upright standing and walking with the boot, including means for automatically disconnecting said latch when an anticipated dangerous level of force is
applied to the rear of the shaft by the wearer's leg that comprises an elastic element, a proximal housing which is affixed to the upper shaft, and a distal housing element that is constrained by the proximal housing element in all axis except in compression of the elastic element, a distal element that coacts with the stops that is mobile along the compression axis of the elastic element and is disengaged from said stop when sufficient displacement of the elastic element allows an armature that is pivotally affixed to said to the proximal housing element collide with the stop interface element connected to the distal housing element that via eccentric coaction to its compression axis urges the latch assembly to disengage from the stop. In addition, the present invention discloses a ski boot having a pivotally mobile upper shaft, and a lower foot and heel holding portion, that comprises a stop and coacting latch sensing mechanism to allow the upper shaft to further articulate in the rearward direction relative to the Lower foot and heel holding portion under the condition of a force applied to said stop and coacting latch mechanism which urges the latch to disengage from said stop. In connection with such embodiment said sensing mechanism preferably comprises a spring and an axially slidable mobile element that coacts with a cam member positioned within said latch that urges a pivotally mobile latch element to cause the latch to disengage from the stop. In yet still another embodiment, the present invention contemplates the above described retention and release mechanism in a ski boot consisting of a shell surrounding the foot and heel and of a shaft consisting of a front part and of a rear part capable of being tilted towards the rear in order to free the foot and to allow the boot to be put on and off, in which the rear part of the shaft can form a translation movement in addition to a rotation movement, wherein the rear part of the shaft is connected in its lower part to the shell by first means of connection forming axis of articulation with the shell and rear part of the shaft, respectively, which allows a rotation and translation of said rear part in relation to an axis which is defined and fixed in relation to the shell and said upper part of the shaft is connected at another point by a second means of connection, forming an axis
of articulation with the front part and rear part ofthe shaft, respectively, which allows a rotation and translation of said rear part in relation to an axis which is defined and fixed in relation to the front part, the axis of articulation for the means of connection on the rear part of the shaft being situated, in the closed portion of the boot, on one side and the other of the plane containing the axis of the articulation of the means of connection of the shell and the front part of the shaft. With reference now to FIG. IA and I B, the release and retention mechanism is therein illustrated, wherein the following numerals designate the features of the present invention: 1 is the cable, 2 is the cable housing, 3 is a proximal latch element, 4 is a slot in 3, 5 is a pin, 6 is a cable clamping ferrule, 7 is a loop of cable, 8 is a pin holding loop, 9 is a distal articulating contact member, 10 is a pin on articulating stop on boot lower, 1 1 is an articulating stop on boot lower, 12 is a pin on distal articulating member 13 is receiving notch for dislodging cam element, 14 is distal latch element, 15 is dislodging cam element, 16 is proximal latch element, 17 is similar to 16, but alternative view, 18 is dislodging cam element receiving notch and 19 is similar to 10, but in alternate view. With reference to FIG. 2A, the cable housing is shown at 20, at 24 is the cable hanger, at 26 is a cam stop, and the cam is shown at 28. FIG 2B shows the hinge pin holes 30. In addition, it should be noted that FIG 2A illustrates the hinge carriage assembly 32 that can be manufactured from a polyacetal material sold under the tradename "DELRIN" by the DuPont Company. With reference to FIG. 4B shown at 150 is the housing (steel stamping two piece bolt), at 152 the hinge carriage, at 154 the return (spring mount), at 156 the cable and housing, at 158 the hinge to the boot, and at 160 the travel slot. Finally, it will be appreciated to those skilled in the art, using no more than routine experimentation, that equivalents to the specific embodiments of the present invention can be prepared, and such equivalents are intended to be encompassed by the following claims.